Subtitle B - Army

TITLE 10 - US CODE - PART I - ORGANIZATION

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 301 - DEFINITIONS

10 USC 3001 - Definitions

In this title, the term Army means the Army or Armies referred to in the Constitution of the United States, less that part established by law as the Air Force.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 303 - DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY

10 USC 3010 - Renumbered 3011]

10 USC 3011 - Organization

The Department of the Army is separately organized under the Secretary of the Army. It operates under the authority, direction, and control of the Secretary of Defense.

10 USC 3012 - Department of the Army: seal

The Secretary of the Army shall have a seal for the Department of the Army. The design of the seal must be approved by the President. Judicial notice shall be taken of the seal.

10 USC 3013 - Secretary of the Army

(a) 
(1) There is a Secretary of the Army, appointed from civilian life by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The Secretary is the head of the Department of the Army.
(2) A person may not be appointed as Secretary of the Army within five years after relief from active duty as a commissioned officer of a regular component of an armed force.
(b) Subject to the authority, direction, and control of the Secretary of Defense and subject to the provisions of chapter 6 of this title, the Secretary of the Army is responsible for, and has the authority necessary to conduct, all affairs of the Department of the Army, including the following functions:
(1) Recruiting.
(2) Organizing.
(3) Supplying.
(4) Equipping (including research and development).
(5) Training.
(6) Servicing.
(7) Mobilizing.
(8) Demobilizing.
(9) Administering (including the morale and welfare of personnel).
(10) Maintaining.
(11) The construction, outfitting, and repair of military equipment.
(12) The construction, maintenance, and repair of buildings, structures, and utilities and the acquisition of real property and interests in real property necessary to carry out the responsibilities specified in this section.
(c) Subject to the authority, direction, and control of the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the Army is also responsible to the Secretary of Defense for
(1) the functioning and efficiency of the Department of the Army;
(2) the formulation of policies and programs by the Department of the Army that are fully consistent with national security objectives and policies established by the President or the Secretary of Defense;
(3) the effective and timely implementation of policy, program, and budget decisions and instructions of the President or the Secretary of Defense relating to the functions of the Department of the Army;
(4) carrying out the functions of the Department of the Army so as to fulfill the current and future operational requirements of the unified and specified combatant commands;
(5) effective cooperation and coordination between the Department of the Army and the other military departments and agencies of the Department of Defense to provide for more effective, efficient, and economical administration and to eliminate duplication;
(6) the presentation and justification of the positions of the Department of the Army on the plans, programs, and policies of the Department of Defense; and
(7) the effective supervision and control of the intelligence activities of the Department of the Army.
(d) The Secretary of the Army is also responsible for such other activities as may be prescribed by law or by the President or Secretary of Defense.
(e) After first informing the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the Army may make such recommendations to Congress relating to the Department of Defense as he considers appropriate.
(f) The Secretary of the Army may assign such of his functions, powers, and duties as he considers appropriate to the Under Secretary of the Army and to the Assistant Secretaries of the Army. Officers of the Army shall, as directed by the Secretary, report on any matter to the Secretary, the Under Secretary, or any Assistant Secretary.
(g) The Secretary of the Army may
(1) assign, detail, and prescribe the duties of members of the Army and civilian personnel of the Department of the Army;
(2) change the title of any officer or activity of the Department of the Army not prescribed by law; and
(3) prescribe regulations to carry out his functions, powers, and duties under this title.

10 USC 3014 - Office of the Secretary of the Army

(a) There is in the Department of the Army an Office of the Secretary of the Army. The function of the Office is to assist the Secretary of the Army in carrying out his responsibilities.
(b) The Office of the Secretary of the Army is composed of the following:
(1) The Under Secretary of the Army.
(2) The Assistant Secretaries of the Army.
(3) The Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Army.
(4) The General Counsel of the Department of the Army.
(5) The Inspector General of the Army.
(6) The Chief of Legislative Liaison.
(7) The Army Reserve Forces Policy Committee.
(8) Such other offices and officials as may be established by law or as the Secretary of the Army may establish or designate.
(c) 
(1) The Office of the Secretary of the Army shall have sole responsibility within the Office of the Secretary and the Army Staff for the following functions:
(A) Acquisition.
(B) Auditing.
(C) Comptroller (including financial management).
(D) Information management.
(E) Inspector General.
(F) Legislative affairs.
(G) Public affairs.
(2) The Secretary of the Army shall establish or designate a single office or other entity within the Office of the Secretary of the Army to conduct each function specified in paragraph (1). No office or other entity may be established or designated within the Army Staff to conduct any of the functions specified in paragraph (1).
(3) The Secretary shall prescribe the relationship of each office or other entity established or designated under paragraph (2) to the Chief of Staff and to the Army Staff and shall ensure that each such office or entity provides the Chief of Staff such staff support as the Chief of Staff considers necessary to perform his duties and responsibilities.
(4) The vesting in the Office of the Secretary of the Army of the responsibility for the conduct of a function specified in paragraph (1) does not preclude other elements of the executive part of the Department of the Army (including the Army Staff) from providing advice or assistance to the Chief of Staff or otherwise participating in that function within the executive part of the Department under the direction of the office assigned responsibility for that function in the Office of the Secretary of the Army.
(5) The head of the office or other entity established or designated by the Secretary to conduct the auditing function shall have at least five years of professional experience in accounting or auditing. The position shall be considered to be a career reserved position as defined in section 3132 (a)(8) of title 5.
(d) 
(1) Subject to paragraph (2), the Office of the Secretary of the Army shall have sole responsibility within the Office of the Secretary and the Army Staff for the function of research and development.
(2) The Secretary of the Army may assign to the Army Staff responsibility for those aspects of the function of research and development that relate to military requirements and test and evaluation.
(3) The Secretary shall establish or designate a single office or other entity within the Office of the Secretary of the Army to conduct the function specified in paragraph (1).
(4) The Secretary shall prescribe the relationship of the office or other entity established or designated under paragraph (3) to the Chief of Staff of the Army and to the Army Staff and shall ensure that each such office or entity provides the Chief of Staff such staff support as the Chief of Staff considers necessary to perform his duties and responsibilities.
(e) The Secretary of the Army shall ensure that the Office of the Secretary of the Army and the Army Staff do not duplicate specific functions for which the Secretary has assigned responsibility to the other.
(f) 
(1) The total number of members of the armed forces and civilian employees of the Department of the Army assigned or detailed to permanent duty in the Office of the Secretary of the Army and on the Army Staff may not exceed 3,105.
(2) Not more than 1,865 officers of the Army on the active-duty list may be assigned or detailed to permanent duty in the Office of the Secretary of the Army and on the Army Staff.
(3) The total number of general officers assigned or detailed to permanent duty in the Office of the Secretary of the Army and on the Army Staff may not exceed 67.
(4) The limitations in paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) do not apply in time of war or during a national emergency declared by the President or Congress. The limitation in paragraph (2) does not apply whenever the President determines that it is in the national interest to increase the number of officers assigned or detailed to permanent duty in the Office of the Secretary of the Army or on the Army Staff.

10 USC 3015 - Under Secretary of the Army

(a) There is an Under Secretary of the Army, appointed from civilian life by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.
(b) The Under Secretary shall perform such duties and exercise such powers as the Secretary of the Army may prescribe.

10 USC 3016 - Assistant Secretaries of the Army

(a) There are five Assistant Secretaries of the Army. They shall be appointed from civilian life by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.
(b) 
(1) The Assistant Secretaries shall perform such duties and exercise such powers as the Secretary of the Army may prescribe.
(2) One of the Assistant Secretaries shall be the Assistant Secretary of the Army for Manpower and Reserve Affairs. He shall have as his principal duty the overall supervision of manpower and reserve component affairs of the Department of the Army.
(3) One of the Assistant Secretaries shall be the Assistant Secretary of the Army for Civil Works. He shall have as his principal duty the overall supervision of the functions of the Department of the Army relating to programs for conservation and development of the national water resources, including flood control, navigation, shore protection, and related purposes.
(4) One of the Assistant Secretaries shall be the Assistant Secretary of the Army for Financial Management. The Assistant Secretary shall have as his principal responsibility the exercise of the comptroller functions of the Department of the Army, including financial management functions. The Assistant Secretary shall be responsible for all financial management activities and operations of the Department of the Army and shall advise the Secretary of the Army on financial management.
(5) 
(A) One of the Assistant Secretaries shall be the Assistant Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics. The principal duty of the Assistant Secretary shall be the overall supervision of acquisition, technology, and logistics matters of the Department of the Army.
(B) The Assistant Secretary shall have a Principal Military Deputy, who shall be a lieutenant general of the Army on active duty. The Principal Military Deputy shall be appointed from among officers who have significant experience in the areas of acquisition and program management. The position of Principal Military Deputy shall be designated as a critical acquisition position under section 1733 of this title.

10 USC 3017 - Secretary of the Army: successors to duties

If the Secretary of the Army dies, resigns, is removed from office, is absent, or is disabled, the person who is highest on the following list, and who is not absent or disabled, shall perform the duties of the Secretary until the President, under section 33471 of title 5, directs another person to perform those duties or until the absence or disability ceases:
(1) The Under Secretary of the Army.
(2) The Assistant Secretaries of the Army, in the order prescribed by the Secretary of the Army and approved by the Secretary of Defense.
(3) The General Counsel of the Department of the Army.
(4) The Chief of Staff.
[1] See References in Text note below.

10 USC 3018 - Administrative Assistant

(a) There is an Administrative Assistant in the Department of the Army. The Administrative Assistant shall be appointed by the Secretary of the Army and shall perform duties that the Secretary considers appropriate.
(b) During a vacancy in the office of Secretary, the Administrative Assistant has charge and custody of all records, books, and papers of the Department of the Army.
(c) The Secretary may authorize the Administrative Assistant to sign, during the temporary absence of the Secretary, any paper requiring his signature. In such a case, the Administrative Assistants signature has the same effect as the Secretarys signature.

10 USC 3019 - General Counsel

(a) There is a General Counsel of the Department of the Army, appointed from civilian life by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.
(b) The General Counsel shall perform such functions as the Secretary of the Army may prescribe.

10 USC 3020 - Inspector General

(a) There is an Inspector General of the Army who shall be detailed to such position by the Secretary of the Army from the general officers of the Army. An officer may not be detailed to such position for a tour of duty of more than four years, except that the Secretary may extend such a tour of duty if he makes a special finding that the extension is necessary in the public interest.
(b) When directed by the Secretary or the Chief of Staff, the Inspector General shall
(1) inquire into and report upon the discipline, efficiency, and economy of the Army; and
(2) perform any other duties prescribed by the Secretary or the Chief of Staff.
(c) The Inspector General shall periodically propose programs of inspections to the Secretary of the Army and shall recommend additional inspections and investigations as may appear appropriate.
(d) The Inspector General shall cooperate fully with the Inspector General of the Department of Defense in connection with the performance of any duty or function by the Inspector General of the Department of Defense under the Inspector General Act of 1978 (5 App. U.S.C. 3) regarding the Department of the Army.
(e) The Inspector General shall have such deputies and assistants as the Secretary of the Army may prescribe. Each such deputy and assistant shall be an officer detailed by the Secretary to that position from the officers of the Army for a tour of duty of not more than four years, under a procedure prescribed by the Secretary.

10 USC 3021 - Army Reserve Forces Policy Committee

There is in the Office of the Secretary of the Army an Army Reserve Forces Policy Committee. The functions, membership, and organization of that committee are set forth in section 10302 of this title.

10 USC 3022 - Financial management

(a) The Secretary of the Army shall provide that the Assistant Secretary of the Army for Financial Management shall direct and manage financial management activities and operations of the Department of the Army, including ensuring that financial management systems of the Department of the Army comply with subsection (b). The authority of the Assistant Secretary for such direction and management shall include the authority to
(1) supervise and direct the preparation of budget estimates of the Department of the Army and otherwise carry out, with respect to the Department of the Army, the functions specified for the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) in section 135 (c) of this title;
(2) approve and supervise any project to design or enhance a financial management system for the Department of the Army; and
(3) approve the establishment and supervise the operation of any asset management system of the Department of the Army, including
(A) systems for cash management, credit management, and debt collection; and
(B) systems for the accounting for the quantity, location, and cost of property and inventory.
(b) 
(1) Financial management systems of the Department of the Army (including accounting systems, internal control systems, and financial reporting systems) shall be established and maintained in conformance with
(A) the accounting and financial reporting principles, standards, and requirements established by the Comptroller General under section 3511 of title 31; and
(B) the internal control standards established by the Comptroller General under section 3512 of title 31.
(2) Such systems shall provide for
(A) complete, reliable, consistent, and timely information which is prepared on a uniform basis and which is responsive to the financial information needs of department management;
(B) the development and reporting of cost information;
(C) the integration of accounting and budgeting information; and
(D) the systematic measurement of performance.
(c) The Assistant Secretary shall maintain a five-year plan describing the activities the Department of the Army proposes to conduct over the next five fiscal years to improve financial management. Such plan shall be revised annually.
(d) The Assistant Secretary of the Army for Financial Management shall transmit to the Secretary of the Army a report each year on the activities of the Assistant Secretary during the preceding year. Each such report shall include a description and analysis of the status of Department of the Army financial management.

10 USC 3023 - Chief of Legislative Liaison

(a) There is a Chief of Legislative Liaison in the Department of the Army. An officer assigned to that position shall be an officer in the grade of major general.
(b) The Chief of Legislative Liaison shall perform legislative affairs functions as specified for the Office of the Secretary of the Army by section 3014 (c)(1)(F) of this title.

10 USC 3024 - Director of Small Business Programs

(a) Director.— 
There is a Director of Small Business Programs in the Department of the Army. The Director is appointed by the Secretary of the Army.
(b) Office of Small Business Programs.— 
The Office of Small Business Programs of the Department of the Army is the office that is established within the Department of the Army under section 15(k) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644 (k)). The Director of Small Business Programs is the head of such office.
(c) Duties and Powers.— 

(1) The Director of Small Business Programs shall, subject to paragraph (2), perform such duties regarding small business programs of the Department of the Army, and shall exercise such powers regarding those programs, as the Secretary of the Army may prescribe.
(2) Section 15(k) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644 (k)), except for the designations of the Director and the Office, applies to the Director of Small Business Programs.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 305 - THE ARMY STAFF

10 USC 3031 - The Army Staff: function; composition

(a) There is in the executive part of the Department of the Army an Army Staff. The function of the Army Staff is to assist the Secretary of the Army in carrying out his responsibilities.
(b) The Army Staff is composed of the following:
(1) The Chief of Staff.
(2) The Vice Chief of Staff.
(3) The Deputy Chiefs of Staff.
(4) The Assistant Chiefs of Staff.
(5) The Chief of Engineers.
(6) The Surgeon General of the Army.
(7) The Judge Advocate General of the Army.
(8) The Chief of Chaplains of the Army.
(9) The Chief of Army Reserve.
(10) Other members of the Army assigned or detailed to the Army Staff.
(11) Civilian employees of the Department of the Army assigned or detailed to the Army Staff.
(c) Except as otherwise specifically prescribed by law, the Army Staff shall be organized in such manner, and its members shall perform such duties and have such titles, as the Secretary may prescribe.

10 USC 3032 - The Army Staff: general duties

(a) The Army Staff shall furnish professional assistance to the Secretary, the Under Secretary, and the Assistant Secretaries of the Army and to the Chief of Staff of the Army.
(b) Under the authority, direction, and control of the Secretary of the Army, the Army Staff shall
(1) subject to subsections (c) and (d) of section 3014 of this title, prepare for such employment of the Army, and for such recruiting, organizing, supplying, equipping (including those aspects of research and development assigned by the Secretary of the Army), training, servicing, mobilizing, demobilizing, administering, and maintaining of the Army, as will assist in the execution of any power, duty, or function of the Secretary or the Chief of Staff;
(2) investigate and report upon the efficiency of the Army and its preparation to support military operations by combatant commands;
(3) prepare detailed instructions for the execution of approved plans and supervise the execution of those plans and instructions;
(4) as directed by the Secretary or the Chief of Staff, coordinate the action of organizations of the Army; and
(5) perform such other duties, not otherwise assigned by law, as may be prescribed by the Secretary.

10 USC 3033 - Chief of Staff

(a) 
(1) There is a Chief of Staff of the Army, appointed for a period of four years by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, from the general officers of the Army. He serves at the pleasure of the President. In time of war or during a national emergency declared by Congress, he may be reappointed for a term of not more than four years.
(2) The President may appoint an officer as Chief of Staff only if
(A) the officer has had significant experience in joint duty assignments; and
(B) such experience includes at least one full tour of duty in a joint duty assignment (as defined in section 664 (f) of this title) as a general officer.
(3) The President may waive paragraph (2) in the case of an officer if the President determines such action is necessary in the national interest.
(b) The Chief of Staff, while so serving, has the grade of general without vacating his permanent grade.
(c) Except as otherwise prescribed by law and subject to section 3013 (f) of this title, the Chief of Staff performs his duties under the authority, direction, and control of the Secretary of the Army and is directly responsible to the Secretary.
(d) Subject to the authority, direction, and control of the Secretary of the Army, the Chief of Staff shall
(1) preside over the Army Staff;
(2) transmit the plans and recommendations of the Army Staff to the Secretary and advise the Secretary with regard to such plans and recommendations;
(3) after approval of the plans or recommendations of the Army Staff by the Secretary, act as the agent of the Secretary in carrying them into effect;
(4) exercise supervision, consistent with the authority assigned to commanders of unified or specified combatant commands under chapter 6 of this title, over such of the members and organizations of the Army as the Secretary determines;
(5) perform the duties prescribed for him by section 171 of this title and other provisions of law; and
(6) perform such other military duties, not otherwise assigned by law, as are assigned to him by the President, the Secretary of Defense, or the Secretary of the Army.
(e) 
(1) The Chief of Staff shall also perform the duties prescribed for him as a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff under section 151 of this title.
(2) To the extent that such action does not impair the independence of the Chief of Staff in the performance of his duties as a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Chief of Staff shall inform the Secretary regarding military advice rendered by members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff on matters affecting the Department of the Army.
(3) Subject to the authority, direction, and control of the Secretary of Defense, the Chief of Staff shall keep the Secretary of the Army fully informed of significant military operations affecting the duties and responsibilities of the Secretary.

10 USC 3034 - Vice Chief of Staff

(a) There is a Vice Chief of Staff of the Army, appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, from the general officers of the Army.
(b) The Vice Chief of Staff of the Army, while so serving, has the grade of general without vacating his permanent grade.
(c) The Vice Chief of Staff has such authority and duties with respect to the Department of the Army as the Chief of Staff, with the approval of the Secretary of the Army, may delegate to or prescribe for him. Orders issued by the Vice Chief of Staff in performing such duties have the same effect as those issued by the Chief of Staff.
(d) When there is a vacancy in the office of Chief of Staff or during the absence or disability of the Chief of Staff
(1) the Vice Chief of Staff shall perform the duties of the Chief of Staff until a successor is appointed or the absence or disability ceases; or
(2) if there is a vacancy in the office of the Vice Chief of Staff or the Vice Chief of Staff is absent or disabled, unless the President directs otherwise, the most senior officer of the Army in the Army Staff who is not absent or disabled and who is not restricted in performance of duty shall perform the duties of the Chief of Staff until a successor to the Chief of Staff or the Vice Chief of Staff is appointed or until the absence or disability of the Chief of Staff or Vice Chief of Staff ceases, whichever occurs first.

10 USC 3035 - Deputy Chiefs of Staff and Assistant Chiefs of Staff

(a) The Deputy Chiefs of Staff and the Assistant Chiefs of Staff shall be general officers detailed to those positions.
(b) The Secretary of the Army shall prescribe the number of Deputy Chiefs of Staff and Assistant Chiefs of Staff, for a total of not more than eight positions.

10 USC 3036 - Chiefs of branches: appointment; duties

(a) There are in the Army the following officers:
(1) Chief of Engineers.
(2) Surgeon General.
(3) Judge Advocate General.
(4) Chief of Chaplains.
(b) Each officer named in subsection (a), except the Judge Advocate General, shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, from officers above the grade of major who
(1) have shown by extensive duty in the branch concerned, or by similar duty, that they are qualified for the appointment; and
(2) have been recommended by a board under subsection (e).

Each officer covered by the preceding sentence, except the Surgeon General, shall be appointed in the regular grade of major general. The Surgeon General may be appointed from officers in any corps of the Army Medical Department and, while so serving, has the grade of lieutenant general. The Judge Advocate General shall be appointed as prescribed in section 3037 of this title.

(c) An officer appointed under subsection (b) normally holds office for four years. However, the President may terminate or extend the appointment at any time.
(d) 
(1) Each officer named in subsection (a) shall perform duties prescribed by the Secretary of the Army and by law.
(2) Under the supervision of the Secretary, the Chief of Engineers may accept orders to provide services to another department, agency, or instrumentality of the United States or to a State or political subdivision of a State. The Chief of Engineers may provide any part of those services by contract. Services may be provided to a State, or to a political subdivision of a State, only if
(A) the work to be undertaken on behalf of non-Federal interests involves Federal assistance and the head of the department or agency providing Federal assistance for the work does not object to the provision of services by the Chief of Engineers; and
(B) the services are provided on a reimbursable basis.
(3) In this subsection, the term State includes the several States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealths of Puerto Rico and the Northern Mariana Islands, territories and possessions of the United States, and Indian tribes.
(e) For each office to be filled under subsection (b), the Secretary shall select a board of five general officers, including the incumbent, if any, of the office, and at least two officers, if available, in a grade above major general who have had extensive service in the branch concerned. The Secretary shall give the board a list of the officers to be considered and shall specify the number of officers, not less than three, to be recommended. The list shall include
(1) the name of each officer of the Regular Army who is appointed in, or assigned to, that branch, and whose regular grade is colonel;
(2) the name of each officer whose regular grade is above colonel, who has shown by extensive duty in that branch, or by similar duty, that he is qualified for the appointment;
(3) to the extent that the Secretary determines advisable, the name of each officer of the Regular Army who is appointed in, or assigned to, that branch, and whose regular grade is lieutenant colonel, in the order in which their names appear on the applicable promotion lists; and
(4) to the extent that the Secretary considers advisable, the name of each regular or reserve officer on active duty in a grade above lieutenant colonel who has shown by extensive duty in that branch, or by similar duty, that he is qualified for the appointment.

From these officers, the board shall recommend by name the number prescribed by the Secretary, and the President may appoint any officer so recommended. If the President declines to appoint any of the recommended officers, or if the officer nominated cannot be appointed because of advice by the Senate, the Secretary shall convene a board to recommend additional officers. An officer who is recommended but not appointed shall be considered not to have been recommended. This does not affect his eligibility for selection and recommendations for the grade of brigadier general or major general under section 3306 or 3307 of this title.

10 USC 3037 - Judge Advocate General, Deputy Judge Advocate General, and general officers of Judge Advocate Generals Corps: appointment; duties

(a) The President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall appoint the Judge Advocate General, the Deputy Judge Advocate General, and general officers of the Judge Advocate Generals Corps, from officers of the Judge Advocate Generals Corps, who are recommended by the Secretary of the Army. The term of office of the Judge Advocate General and the Deputy Judge Advocate General is four years. The Judge Advocate General, while so serving, has the grade of lieutenant general. An officer appointed as Deputy Judge Advocate General who holds a lower regular grade shall be appointed in the regular grade of major general.
(b) The Judge Advocate General shall be appointed from those officers who at the time of appointment are members of the bar of a Federal court or the highest court of a State, and who have had at least eight years of experience in legal duties as commissioned officers.
(c) The Judge Advocate General, in addition to other duties prescribed by law
(1) is the legal adviser of the Secretary of the Army and of all officers and agencies of the Department of the Army;
(2) shall direct the members of the Judge Advocate Generals Corps in the performance of their duties; and
(3) shall receive, revise, and have recorded the proceedings of courts of inquiry and military commissions.
(d) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the Army, in selecting an officer for recommendation to the President under subsection (a) for appointment as the Judge Advocate General or Deputy Judge Advocate General, shall ensure that the officer selected is recommended by a board of officers that, insofar as practicable, is subject to the procedures applicable to selection boards convened under chapter 36 of this title.
(e) No officer or employee of the Department of Defense may interfere with
(1) the ability of the Judge Advocate General to give independent legal advice to the Secretary of the Army or the Chief of Staff of the Army; or
(2) the ability of judge advocates of the Army assigned or attached to, or performing duty with, military units to give independent legal advice to commanders.

10 USC 3038 - Office of Army Reserve: appointment of Chief

(a) There is in the executive part of the Department of the Army an Office of the Army Reserve which is headed by a chief who is the adviser to the Chief of Staff on Army Reserve matters.
(b) Appointment.— 

(1) The President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall appoint the Chief of Army Reserve from general officers of the Army Reserve who have had at least 10 years of commissioned service in the Army Reserve.
(2) The Secretary of Defense may not recommend an officer to the President for appointment as Chief of Army Reserve unless the officer
(A) is recommended by the Secretary of the Army; and
(B) is determined by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, in accordance with criteria and as a result of a process established by the Chairman, to have significant joint duty experience.
(3) An officer on active duty for service as the Chief of Army Reserve shall be counted for purposes of the grade limitations under sections 525 and 526 of this title.
(4) Until December 31, 2006, the Secretary of Defense may waive subparagraph (B) of paragraph (2) with respect to the appointment of an officer as Chief of Army Reserve if the Secretary of the Army requests the waiver and, in the judgment of the Secretary of Defense
(A) the officer is qualified for service in the position; and
(B) the waiver is necessary for the good of the service.

Any such waiver shall be made on a case-by-case basis.

(c) Term; Reappointment; Grade.— 

(1) The Chief of Army Reserve is appointed for a period of four years, but may be removed for cause at any time. An officer serving as Chief of Army Reserve may be reappointed for one additional four-year period.
(2) The Chief of Army Reserve, while so serving, holds the grade of lieutenant general.
(d) Budget.— 
The Chief of Army Reserve is the official within the executive part of the Department of the Army who, subject to the authority, direction, and control of the Secretary of the Army and the Chief of Staff, is responsible for justification and execution of the personnel, operation and maintenance, and construction budgets for the Army Reserve. As such, the Chief of Army Reserve is the director and functional manager of appropriations made for the Army Reserve in those areas.
(e) Full Time Support Program.— 
The Chief of Army Reserve manages, with respect to the Army Reserve, the personnel program of the Department of Defense known as the Full Time Support Program.
(f) Annual Report.— 

(1) The Chief of Army Reserve shall submit to the Secretary of Defense, through the Secretary of the Army, an annual report on the state of the Army Reserve and the ability of the Army Reserve to meet its missions. The report shall be prepared in conjunction with the Chief of Staff of the Army and may be submitted in classified and unclassified versions.
(2) The Secretary of Defense shall transmit the annual report of the Chief of Army Reserve under paragraph (1) to Congress, together with such comments on the report as the Secretary considers appropriate. The report shall be transmitted at the same time each year that the annual report of the Secretary under section 113 of this title is submitted to Congress.

10 USC 3039 - Deputy and assistant chiefs of branches

(a) Each officer named in section 3036 of this title shall have, in addition to the assistants prescribed by subsections (b) and (c) and by section 3037 of this title, such deputies and assistants as the Secretary of the Army may prescribe. Each such deputy and assistant shall be an officer detailed by the Secretary to that position from the officers of the Army for a tour of duty of not more than four years, under a procedure prescribed by the Secretary similar to that prescribed in section 3036 of this title.
(b) There is an Assistant Surgeon General appointed from the officers of the Dental Corps, as prescribed in section 3036 of this title. The Assistant Surgeon General is Chief of the Dental Corps and is responsible for making recommendations to the Surgeon General and through the Surgeon General to the Chief of Staff on all matters concerning dentistry and the dental health of the Army. An appointee who holds a lower regular grade shall be appointed in the regular grade of major general.
(c) There are two assistants to the Chief of Engineers appointed as prescribed in section 3036 of this title. An appointee who holds a lower regular grade shall be appointed in the regular grade of brigadier general.

10 USC 3040 - Repealed. Pub. L. 103337, div. A, title IX, 904(b)(1), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2827]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 159, 3015; Aug. 6, 1958, Pub. L. 85–599, § 12, 72 Stat. 521; renumbered 3040, Oct. 1, 1986, Pub. L. 99–433, title V, § 501(a)(1), 100 Stat. 1034; Sept. 29, 1988, Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, 1234(a)(1), 102 Stat. 2059, related to National Guard Bureau, Chief of Bureau, appointment and acting Chief. See sections 10501, 10502, and 10505 of this title.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 307 - THE ARMY

10 USC 3061 - Regulations

The President may prescribe regulations for the government of the Army.

10 USC 3062 - Policy; composition; organized peace establishment

(a) It is the intent of Congress to provide an Army that is capable, in conjunction with the other armed forces, of
(1) preserving the peace and security, and providing for the defense, of the United States, the Commonwealths and possessions, and any areas occupied by the United States;
(2) supporting the national policies;
(3) implementing the national objectives; and
(4) overcoming any nations responsible for aggressive acts that imperil the peace and security of the United States.
(b) In general, the Army, within the Department of the Army, includes land combat and service forces and such aviation and water transport as may be organic therein. It shall be organized, trained, and equipped primarily for prompt and sustained combat incident to operations on land. It is responsible for the preparation of land forces necessary for the effective prosecution of war except as otherwise assigned and, in accordance with integrated joint mobilization plans, for the expansion of the peacetime components of the Army to meet the needs of war.
(c) The Army consists of
(1) the Regular Army, the Army National Guard of the United States, the Army National Guard while in the service of the United States and the Army Reserve; and
(2) all persons appointed or enlisted in, or conscripted into, the Army without component.
(d) The organized peace establishment of the Army consists of all
(1) military organizations of the Army with their installations and supporting and auxiliary elements, including combat, training, administrative, and logistic elements; and
(2) members of the Army, including those not assigned to units;

necessary to form the basis for a complete and immediate mobilization for the national defense in the event of a national emergency.

10 USC 3063 - Basic branches

(a) The Secretary of the Army may assign members of the Army to its basic branches. The basic branches are
(1) Infantry;
(2) Armor;
(3) Artillery;
(4) Corps of Engineers;
(5) Signal Corps;
(6) Adjutant Generals Corps;
(7) Quartermaster Corps;
(8) Finance Corps;
(9) Ordnance Corps;
(10) Chemical Corps;
(11) Transportation Corps;
(12) Military Police Corps; and
(13) such other basic branches as the Secretary considers necessary.
(b) The Secretary may discontinue or consolidate basic branches of the Army for the duration of any war, or of any national emergency declared by Congress.
(c) The Secretary may not assign to a basic branch any commissioned officer appointed in a special branch.

10 USC 3064 - Special branches

(a) The special branches of the Army consist of commissioned officers of the Regular Army appointed therein, other members of the Army assigned thereto by the Secretary of the Army, and the sections prescribed in this chapter. The special branches are
(1) each corps of the Army Medical Department;
(2) the Judge Advocate Generals Corps;
(3) the Chaplains; and
(4) such other special branches as may be established by the Secretary of the Army under subsection (b).
(b) The Secretary of the Army may establish special branches for the Army and may assign commissioned officers (other than officers of the Regular Army) and members to such branches.
(c) Commissioned officers of the Regular Army may be appointed in a special branch, but the Secretary may not assign any officer of the Regular Army to a special branch.

10 USC 3065 - Assignment and detail: officers assigned or detailed to basic and special branches

(a) Commissioned officers of the Army may be detailed as general staff officers and as inspectors general.
(b) Members of the Army may be detailed to duty in particular fields specified by the Secretary, including intelligence, counter-intelligence, and military government.
(c) Members of the Army appointed in or assigned to one branch may be detailed for duty with any other branch.
(d) Members of the Army while not on active duty may be assigned to any basic or special branch, or to such other branches or groups, and to such organizations, as the Secretary considers appropriate.
(e) No officer of the Army may be assigned to perform technical, scientific, or other professional duties unless he is qualified to perform those duties and meets professional qualifications at least as strict as those in effect on June 28, 1950. If the duties to which an officer is assigned involve professional work that is the same as or is similar to that usually performed in civil life by a member of a learned profession, such as engineering, law, medicine, or theology, the officer must have the qualifications, by education, training, or experience, equal to or similar to those usually required of members of that profession, unless the exigencies of the situation prevent.

10 USC 3066 - Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 201, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2878]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 167; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 33(a)(19), 72 Stat. 1565, authorized President, by and with consent of Senate, to make temporary appointments in grades of general and lieutenant general from officers of Army on active duty in any grade above brigadier general and specified number of positions in each such grade. See section 601 of this title.

10 USC 3067 - Army Medical Department

There is an Army Medical Department in the Army. The Army Medical Department consists of
(1) the Surgeon General;
(2) the Assistant Surgeons General;
(3) the Medical Corps;
(4) the Dental Corps;
(5) the Veterinary Corps;
(6) the Medical Service Corps;
(7) the Army Nurse Corps; and
(8) the Army Medical Specialist Corps.

10 USC 3068 - Medical Service Corps: organization; Chief and assistant chiefs

There is a Medical Service Corps in the Army. The Medical Service Corps consists of
(1) the Chief of the Medical Service Corps, who shall be appointed by the Secretary of the Army from among the officers of the Medical Service Corps whose regular grade is above captain;
(2) the assistant chiefs of the Medical Service Corps, who shall be designated by the Surgeon General from officers in that Corps and who shall be his consultants on activities relating to their sections;
(3) commissioned officers of the Regular Army appointed therein;
(4) other members of the Army assigned thereto by the Secretary of the Army; and
(5) the following sections
(A) the Pharmacy, Supply, and Administration Section;
(B) the Medical Allied Sciences Section;
(C) the Sanitary Engineering Section;
(D) the Optometry Section; and
(E) other sections considered necessary by the Secretary of the Army.

10 USC 3069 - Army Nurse Corps: composition; Chief and assistant chief; appointment; grade

(a) The Army Nurse Corps consists of the Chief and assistant chief of that corps and other officers in grades prescribed by the Secretary of the Army.
(b) The Secretary of the Army shall appoint the Chief from the officers of the Regular Army in that corps whose regular grade is above lieutenant colonel and who are recommended by the Surgeon General. An appointee who holds a lower regular grade shall be appointed in the regular grade of major general. The Chief serves during the pleasure of the Secretary, but not for more than four years, and may not be reappointed to the same position.
(c) The Surgeon General shall appoint the assistant chief from the officers of the Regular Army in that corps whose regular grade is above lieutenant colonel. The assistant chief serves during the pleasure of the Surgeon General, but not for more than four years and may not be reappointed to the same position.

10 USC 3070 - Army Medical Specialist Corps: organization; Chief and assistant chiefs

(a) The Army Medical Specialist Corps consists of the Chief and assistant chiefs of that corps, other officers in grades prescribed by the Secretary of the Army, and the following sections:
(1) The Dietitian Section.
(2) The Physical Therapist Section.
(3) The Occupational Therapist Section.
(4) The Physician Assistant Section.
(5) The Chiropractic Section.
(b) The Secretary of the Army shall appoint the Chief from the officers of the Regular Army in that corps whose regular grade is above captain and who are recommended by the Surgeon General. The Chief serves during the pleasure of the Secretary, but not for more than four years, and may not be reappointed.
(c) The Surgeon General shall appoint up to five assistant chiefs from officers of the Regular Army in that corps whose regular grade is above captain. Each assistant chief is the chief of a section of that corps. An assistant chief serves during the pleasure of the Surgeon General, but not for more than four years, and may not be reappointed to the same position.
(d) Chiropractors who are qualified under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Army may be appointed as commissioned officers in the Chiropractic Section of the Army Medical Specialist Corps.

10 USC 3071 - Repealed. Pub. L. 95485, title VIII, 820(b), Oct. 20, 1978, 92 Stat. 1627]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 169; Sept. 7, 1962, Pub. L. 87–649, § 6(a)(2), (3), 76 Stat. 494; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, § 1(8)(C), 81 Stat. 374, prescribed composition of Womens Army Corps and provided for a Director, a Deputy Director, and other positions for Womens Army Corps.

10 USC 3072 - Judge Advocate Generals Corps

There is a Judge Advocate Generals Corps in the Army. The Judge Advocate Generals Corps consists of
(1) the Judge Advocate General;
(2) the Assistant Judge Advocate General;
(3) three officers in the grade of brigadier general;
(4) commissioned officers of the Regular Army appointed therein; and
(5) other members of the Army assigned thereto by the Secretary of the Army.

10 USC 3073 - Chaplains

There are chaplains in the Army. The Chaplains include
(1) the Chief of Chaplains;
(2) commissioned officers of the Regular Army appointed as chaplains; and
(3) other officers of the Army appointed as chaplains in the Army.

10 USC 3074 - Commands: territorial organization; engineer tactical units

(a) Except as otherwise prescribed by law or by the Secretary of Defense, the Army shall be divided into such commands, forces, and organizations as may be prescribed by the Secretary of the Army.
(b) For Army purposes, the United States, the Commonwealths and possessions, and other places in which the Army is stationed or is operating may be divided into such areas as may be directed by the Secretary. Officers of the Army may be assigned to command Army activities, installations, and personnel in those areas. In the discharge of the Armys functions or other functions authorized by law, officers so assigned have the duties and powers prescribed by the Secretary.
(c) Such part of the Corps of Engineers as the President directs shall be formed into tactical units organized as he prescribes.

10 USC 3075 - Regular Army: composition

(a) The Regular Army is the component of the Army that consists of persons whose continuous service on active duty in both peace and war is contemplated by law, and of retired members of the Regular Army.
(b) The Regular Army includes
(1) the officers and enlisted members of the Regular Army;
(2) the professors, director of admissions, and cadets of the United States Military Academy; and
(3) the retired officers and enlisted members of the Regular Army.

3076 to 3080. Repealed. Pub. L. 103337, div. A, title XVI, 1661(a)(3)(A), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2980]

Section 3076, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 170, related to composition of Army Reserve. See section 10104 of this title. Section 3077, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 170, related to composition of Army National Guard of United States. See section 10105 of this title. Section 3078, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 171, provided that Army National Guard is a component of Army while in service of United States. See section 10106 of this title. Section 3079, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 171, related to status of Army National Guard of United States when not in Federal service. See section 10107 of this title. Section 3080, added Pub. L. 86–603, § 1(2)(A), July 7, 1960, 74 Stat. 357, related to authority of officers of Army National Guard of United States with respect to Federal status. See section 10215 of this title.

10 USC 3081 - Dental Corps: Chief, functions

(a) The Chief of the Dental Corps shall be an officer of that corps appointed as prescribed in section 3039 of this title.
(b) Under such regulations as the Secretary of the Army may prescribe, all dental functions of the Army shall be under the direction of the Chief of the Dental Corps. All matters relating to dentistry shall be referred to the Chief of the Dental Corps.
(c) The Chief of the Dental Corps shall
(1) establish professional standards and policies for dental practice;
(2) initiate and recommend action pertaining to organization requirements and utilization of the Dental Corps and dental auxiliary strength, appointments, advancement, training assignments, and transfer of dental personnel; and
(3) serve as the adviser to the Office of the Surgeon General on all matters relating directly to dentistry.
(d) Under such regulations as the Secretary of the Army may prescribe, dental and dental auxiliary personnel throughout the Army shall be organized into units commanded by a designated Dental Corps Officer. Such officer will be directly responsible to the commander of installations, organizations, and activities for all professional and technical matters and such administrative matters as may be prescribed by regulation.

10 USC 3082 - Renumbered 10542]

10 USC 3083 - Public Affairs Specialty

There is a career field in the Army known as the Public Affairs Specialty. Members of the Army with the Public Affairs Specialty are
(1) the Chief of Public Affairs;
(2) commissioned officers of the Army in the grade of major or above who are selected and specifically educated, trained, and experienced to perform as professional public affairs officers for the remainder of their careers; and
(3) other members of the Army assigned to public affairs positions by the Secretary of the Army.

10 USC 3084 - Chief of Veterinary Corps: grade

The Chief of the Veterinary Corps of the Army shall be appointed from among officers of the Veterinary Corps. The Chief of the Veterinary Corps serves in the grade of brigadier general. An officer appointed to that position who holds a lower grade shall be appointed in the grade of brigadier general.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - PART II - PERSONNEL

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 331 - STRENGTH

10 USC 3201 - Officers on active duty: minimum strength based on requirements

(a) The Secretary of the Army shall ensure that (beginning with fiscal year 1999) the strength at the end of each fiscal year of officers on active duty is sufficient to enable the Army to meet at least that percentage of the programmed manpower structure for officers for the active component of the Army that is provided for in the most recent Defense Planning Guidance issued by the Secretary of Defense.
(b) The number of officers on active duty shall be counted for purposes of this section in the same manner as applies under section 115 (a)(1) of this title.
(c) In this section:
(1) The term programmed manpower structure means the aggregation of billets describing the full manpower requirements for units and organizations in the programmed force structure.
(2) The term programmed force structure means the set of units and organizations that exist in the current year and that is planned to exist in each future year under the then-current Future-Years Defense Program.

10 USC 3202 - Repealed. Pub. L. 101510, div. A, title IV, 403(b)(1)(A), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1545]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 172; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(63), 72 Stat. 1463; Dec. 28, 1967, Pub. L. 90–228, § 1(1), (2), 81 Stat. 745; Dec. 12, 1980, Pub. L. 96–513, title II, § 203(a), 94 Stat. 2878, related to authorized strength of Army in general officers on active duty.

3203 to 3207. Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 202, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2878]

Section 3203, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 173; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(64), 72 Stat. 1463, prescribed authorized strength of Regular Army in members on active duty, exclusive of officers candidates. Section 3204, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 173, Aug. 6, 1958, Pub. L. 85–600, § 1(2), 72 Stat. 522; Oct. 30, 1978, Pub. L. 95–551, § 2, 92 Stat. 2069, prescribed authorized strength of Regular Army in commissioned officers of active list. Section 3205, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 173; Aug. 6, 1958, Pub. L. 85–600, § 1(3), 72 Stat. 522; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(60), (65), 72 Stat. 1462, 1463; Oct. 30, 1978, Pub. L. 95–551, § 2, 92 Stat. 2069, prescribed authorized strength of Regular Army in commissioned officers on active list, exclusive of certain categories. Section 3206, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 173; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title I, § 101(4), 71 Stat. 376; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, § 1(9)(A), (B), 81 Stat. 375, prescribed authorized strength of Regular Army Nurse Corps in commissioned officers on active list of Regular Army. Section 3207, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 173; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title I, § 101(5), 71 Stat. 376; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, § 1(9)(C), (D), 81 Stat. 375, prescribed authorized strength of Army Medical Specialist Corps in commissioned officers on active list of Regular Army.

10 USC 3209 - Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 202, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2878]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 174; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(60), 72 Stat. 1462; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, § 1(9)(E), 81 Stat. 375; Oct. 20, 1978, Pub. L. 95–485, title VIII, § 820(c)(1), (2), 92 Stat. 1627, prescribed, with exception of Army Nurse Corps and Army Medical Specialist Corps, the authorized strength of each branch in commissioned officers on active list of Regular Army.

10 USC 3210 - Regular Army: strength in grade; general officers

(a) Subject to section 526 of this title, the authorized strength of the Regular Army in general officers on the active-duty list is 75/10,000 of the authorized strength of the Regular Army in commission officers on the active-duty list.
(b) The authorized strength of each of the following branches
(1) each corps of the Army Medical Department; and
(2) the Chaplains;

in general officers on the active-duty list of the Regular Army is 5/1,000 of the authorized strength of the branch concerned in commissioned officers on the active-duty list of the Regular Army. Not more than one-half of the authorized strength in general officers in such a branch may be in a regular grade above brigadier general.

(c) When the application of the percentages and ratios specified in this section results in a fraction, a fraction of one-half or more is counted as one, and a fraction of less than one-half is disregarded.

10 USC 3211 - Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 202, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2878]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 175; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(67), 72 Stat. 1463; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, § 1(9)(F), 81 Stat. 375, prescribed authorized strength of Regular Army in officers in each regular grade on promotion lists set forth in section 3296 of this title. See section 521 et seq. of this title.

10 USC 3212 - Repealed. Pub. L. 103337, div. A, title XVI, 1662(a)(3), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2988]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 175; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(68), 72 Stat. 1463; June 30, 1960, Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(6), 74 Stat. 265; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, § 1(9)(G), 81 Stat. 375; Dec. 12, 1980, Pub. L. 96–513, title V, § 502(6), 94 Stat. 2909, related to temporary increases in authorized strength in grades of Army Reserve and Army National Guard of United States. See section 12009 of this title.

3213, 3214. Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 202, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2878]

Section 3213, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 176, prescribed authorized strength of Regular Army in warrant officers on active list. Section 3214, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 176; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(64), 72 Stat. 1463, prescribed authorized strength of Regular Army in enlisted members on active duty, exclusive of officer candidates.

10 USC 3215 - Repealed. Pub. L. 95485, title VIII, 820(c)(3), Oct. 20, 1978, 92 Stat. 1627]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 176; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, § 1(9)(H), 81 Stat. 375, authorized strength of Womens Army Corps of Regular Army in warrant officers on active list and in enlisted members on active duty to be prescribed by Secretary.

10 USC 3216 - Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 202, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2878]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 176, prescribed authorized strength of Corps of Engineers in enlisted members on active duty.

3217 to 3225. Repealed. Pub. L. 103337, div. A, title XVI, 1662(a)(3), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2988]

Section 3217, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(69)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1463, related to authorized strength of Army in reserve commissioned officers in active status. See section 12003 of this title. Section 3218, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(69)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1463; amended Pub. L. 96–107, title III, § 302(a), Nov. 9, 1979, 93 Stat. 806; Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, 1234(a)(1), Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2059; Pub. L. 102–190, div. A, title X, 1061(a)(20)(B), Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1473, related to authorized strength of Army in reserve general officers in active status. See section 12004 of this title. Section 3219, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(69)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1464, related to authorized strength of Army in reserve commissioned officers in active status in grades below brigadier general. See section 12005 (a) of this title. Section 3220, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(69)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1464; amended Pub. L. 95–485, title VIII, § 820(c)(4), Oct. 20, 1978, 92 Stat. 1627, related to distribution of reserve commissioned officers by Secretary of the Army. See section 12007 of this title. Section 3221, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 176, related to authorized strength of Army Reserve. See section 12001 of this title. Section 3222, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 176; Dec. 12, 1980, Pub. L. 96–513, title V, § 502(7), 94 Stat. 2909, related to authorized strength of Army Reserve, exclusive of members on active duty. See section 12002 (a) of this title. Section 3223, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 176, related to authorized strength of Army Reserve in warrant officers. See section 12008 of this title. Section 3224, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 177, related to authorized strength of Army National Guard of United States. See section 12001 of this title. Section 3225, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 177; Dec. 12, 1980, Pub. L. 96–513, title V, § 502(7), 94 Stat. 2909; Sept. 29, 1988, Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, 1234(a)(1), 102 Stat. 2059, related to authorized strength of Army National Guard and Army National Guard of United States, exclusive of members on active duty. See section 12002 of this title.

10 USC 3230 - Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 232, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2886]

Section, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(69)(B), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1464, provided that members of Army who are detailed for duty with agencies of United States outside Department of Defense on a reimbursable basis not be counted in computing strengths under any law.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 333 - ENLISTMENTS

10 USC 3251 - Definition

In this chapter, the term enlistment means original enlistment or reenlistment.

10 USC 3252 - Bonus to encourage Army personnel to refer persons for enlistment in the Army

(a) Authority To Pay Bonus.— 

(1) Authority.— 
The Secretary of the Army may pay a bonus under this section to an individual referred to in paragraph (2) who refers to an Army recruiter a person who has not previously served in an armed force and who, after such referral, enlists in the regular component of the Army or in the Army National Guard or Army Reserve.
(2) Individuals eligible for bonus.— 
Subject to subsection (c), the following individuals are eligible for a referral bonus under this section:
(A) A member in the regular component of the Army.
(B) A member of the Army National Guard.
(C) A member of the Army Reserve.
(D) A member of the Army in a retired status, including a member under 60 years of age who, but for age, would be eligible for retired pay.
(E) A civilian employee of the Department of the Army.
(b) Referral.— 
For purposes of this section, a referral for which a bonus may be paid under subsection (a) occurs
(1) when the individual concerned contacts an Army recruiter on behalf of a person interested in enlisting in the Army; or
(2) when a person interested in enlisting in the Army contacts the Army recruiter and informs the recruiter of the role of the individual concerned in initially recruiting the person.
(c) Certain Referrals Ineligible.— 

(1) Referral of immediate family.— 
A member of the Army or civilian employee of the Department of the Army may not be paid a bonus under subsection (a) for the referral of an immediate family member.
(2) Members in recruiting roles.— 
A member of the Army or civilian employee of the Department of the Army serving in a recruiting or retention assignment, or assigned to other duties regarding which eligibility for a bonus under subsection (a) could (as determined by the Secretary) be perceived as creating a conflict of interest, may not be paid a bonus under subsection (a).
(3) Junior reserve officers’ training corps instructors.— 
A member of the Army detailed under subsection (c)(1) of section 2031 of this title to serve as an administrator or instructor in the Junior Reserve Officers Training Corps program or a retired member of the Army employed as an administrator or instructor in the program under subsection (d) of such section may not be paid a bonus under subsection (a).
(d) Amount of Bonus.— 
The amount of the bonus payable for a referral under subsection (a) may not exceed $2,000. The amount shall be payable as provided in subsection (e).
(e) Payment.— 
A bonus payable for a referral of a person under subsection (a) shall be paid as follows:
(1) Not more than $1,000 shall be paid upon the commencement of basic training by the person.
(2) Not more than $1,000 shall be paid upon the completion of basic training and individual advanced training by the person.
(f) Relation to Prohibition on Bounties.— 
The referral bonus authorized by this section is not a bounty for purposes of section 514 (a) of this title.
(g) Coordination With Receipt of Retired Pay.— 
A bonus paid under this section to a member of the Army in a retired status is in addition to any compensation to which the member is entitled under this title, title 37 or 38, or any other provision of law.
(h) Duration of Authority.— 
A bonus may not be paid under subsection (a) with respect to any referral that occurs after December 31, 2009.

10 USC 3253 - Repealed. Pub. L. 109163, div. A, title V, 542(b)(1), Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3253]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 177; Pub. L. 87–143, § 1(1), Aug. 17, 1961, 75 Stat. 364; Pub. L. 90–235, § 2(a)(2)(A), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 756; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, § 512(3), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2929, provided that, in peace time, Army enlistment was available only to citizens and persons lawfully admitted to the United States for permanent residence.

3254 to 3256. Repealed. Pub. L. 90235, 2(a)(2)(B), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 756]

Section 3254, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 178, provided for temporary enlistments in the Army during war or emergency. Section 3255, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 178, provided for recruiting campaigns to obtain enlistments in the Regular Army. Section 3256, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 178, set forth qualifications for and term of enlistments in the Regular Army and the grade in which such enlistments were made.

10 USC 3258 - Regular Army: reenlistment after service as an officer

(a) Any former enlisted member of the Regular Army who has served on active duty as an officer of the Army, or who was discharged as an enlisted member to accept an appointment as an officer of the Army, is entitled to be reenlisted in the Regular Army in the enlisted grade that he held before his service as an officer, without loss of seniority or credit for service, regardless of the existence of a vacancy in his grade or of a physical disability incurred or having its inception in line of duty, if
(1)  his service as an officer is terminated by an honorable discharge or he is relieved from active duty for a purpose other than to await appellate review of a sentence that includes dismissal or dishonorable discharge, and
(2)  he applies for reenlistment within six months (or such other period as the Secretary of the Army prescribes for exceptional circumstances) after termination of that service.
(b) A person is not entitled to be reenlisted under this section if
(1) the person was discharged or released from active duty as an officer on the basis of a determination of
(A) misconduct;
(B) moral or professional dereliction;
(C) duty performance below prescribed standards for the grade held; or
(D) retention being inconsistent with the interests of national security; or
(2) the persons former enlisted status and grade was based solely on the participation by that person in a precommissioning program that resulted in the commission held by that person during the active duty from which the person was released or discharged.

3259 to 3261. Repealed. Pub. L. 103337, div. A, title XVI, 1662(b)(3), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2990]

Section 3259, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 179; Sept. 29, 1988, Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, 1234(a)(1), 102 Stat. 2059, related to transfers in grade of enlisted members of Army National Guard of United States to Army Reserve. See section 12105 of this title. Section 3260, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 179, provided that enlisted members of Army National Guard of United States are transferred to Army Reserve upon withdrawal as members of Army National Guard. See section 12106 of this title. Section 3261, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 179; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 33(a)(20), 72 Stat. 1565; Oct. 4, 1961, Pub. L. 87–378, § 3, 75 Stat. 808, related to enlistment in Army National Guard of United States. See section 12107 of this title.

10 USC 3262 - Army: percentage of high-school graduates

Notwithstanding section 520 (b) of this title, of the males with no prior military service who are enlisted or inducted into the Army during any fiscal year, the number who are not high-school graduates may not exceed, as of the end of the fiscal year, 35 percent of all such persons.

10 USC 3263 - Repealed. Pub. L. 90235, 2(a)(2)(B), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 756]

Section, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(71)(B), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1465; Pub. L. 87–649, § 14c(4), Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 501, provided for voluntary extension of enlistments in the Army.

10 USC 3264 - Repealed. Pub. L. 107314, div. A, title V, 531(c), Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2544]

Section, added Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title V, 541(a)(1), Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1109, related to an 18-month enlistment pilot program to increase participation of prior service persons in Selected Reserve and to provide assistance in building pool of participants in Individual Ready Reserve.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 335 - APPOINTMENTS IN THE REGULAR ARMY

10 USC 3281 - Commissioned officer grades

The commissioned grades in the Regular Army are:
(1) Major general.
(2) Brigadier general.
(3) Colonel.
(4) Lieutenant colonel.
(5) Major.
(6) Captain.
(7) First lieutenant.
(8) Second lieutenant.

10 USC 3282 - General officers: title of office

An officer holding an appointment as a general officer in the Regular Army may be called a general officer in the Regular Army. In addition, a general officer of the Regular Army in the Medical Corps, Dental Corps, Veterinary Corps, Judge Advocate Generals Corps, or the Chaplains, may be called a general officer of that branch.

10 USC 3283 - Commissioned officers: appointment without specification of branch; transfer between branches

(a) Appointments in commissioned grades in the Regular Army shall be made without specification of branch except in each of the special branches and as professors or director of admissions of the United States Military Academy.
(b) Commissioned officers appointed in the Regular Army without specification of branch shall be assigned, and may be transferred and reassigned, by the Secretary of the Army to branches other than the special branches, according to their professional qualifications and the needs of the Army.

3284 to 3300. Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 204, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2880]

Section 3284, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 181, provided that appointments in commissioned grades in Regular Army be made by President, by and with the advice and consent of Senate. See section 531 of this title. Section 3285, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 181; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(72), 72 Stat. 1465, prescribed eligibility requirements for original appointment in a commissioned grade in Regular Army, except in Medical Corps or Dental Corps and except a graduating cadet. See section 532 of this title. Section 3286, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 181; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(73), 72 Stat. 1465, prescribed age limitations for original appointment in a commissioned grade in Regular Army, except in Medical Corps, Dental Corps, Army Nurse Corps, or Army Medical Specialist Corps. See section 532 of this title. Section 3287, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 182; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(74), 72 Stat. 1466, provided service credit, in the discretion of the Secretary of the Army, for a person originally appointed in a commissioned grade in the Regular Army, except the Medical Corps, Dental Corps, Army Nurse Corps, or Army Medical Specialist Corps, for the purpose of determining grade, position on a promotion list, seniority in his grade in the Regular Army, and eligibility for promotion, with appointment and service credit restrictions on persons who were cadets at the United States Military, Naval, or Air Force Academies but were not graduated, and a disallowance of service credits under this section for persons who graduated from one of these Academies. See section 533 of this title. Section 3288, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 183; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title I, § 101(7), 71 Stat. 376; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(75), 72 Stat. 1466, provided for determination of grade of a person originally appointed as a commissioned officer in Regular Army, except in Medical Corps, Dental Corps, Army Nurse Corps, or Army Medical Specialist Corps. See section 533 of this title. Section 3289, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 183, provided that no person be originally appointed as a first lieutenant in Regular Army in Medical Corps until he passes an examination of his professional fitness before an examining board composed of at least three officers of Medical Corps designated by Secretary of the Army. See section 532 of this title. Section 3290, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 183, provided that an original appointment in Regular Army in Medical Service Corps be made only in grade of second lieutenant and from members of Regular Army, reserves not in an inactive status, or graduates of an accredited school of pharmacy or optometry, or of a school or college who hold a degree in a science allied to medicine or any other degree approved by Surgeon General. See section 532 of this title. Section 3291, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 183; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title I, § 101(8), 71 Stat. 376; Sept. 30, 1966, Pub. L. 89–609, § 1(4), 80 Stat. 852, prescribed eligibility requirements for an original appointment in Regular Army in Army Nurse Corps or Army Medical Specialist Corps in grade of second lieutenant, first lieutenant, and captain and provided for determination of years of service creditable for promotion. See section 532 of this title. Section 3292, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 184, provided that original appointments in commissioned grades in Regular Army in Judge Advocate Generals Corps be made from officers of Regular Army in other branches, reserve commissioned officers assigned to Judge Advocate Generals Corps, or qualified civilian graduates of accredited law schools. See section 532 of this title. Section 3293, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 184, provided that no person in civil life be originally appointed as a chaplain in Regular Army unless he has passed an examination prescribed by President as to his morale, mental, and physical qualifications. See section 532 of this title. Section 3294, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 184; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(77), 72 Stat. 1467, provided that original appointments in Regular Army be made in grades of first lieutenant through colonel in Medical Corps or Dental Corps as the Army requires, from qualified doctors of medicine, osteopathy, or dentistry who are citizens of the United States and have such other qualifications as the Secretary of the Army prescribes, with specific additional eligibility requirements for a doctor of osteopathy, and that officers so appointed receive service credit for determining grade, position on a promotion list, seniority in grade in Regular Army, and eligibility for promotion. See section 532 of this title. Section 3295, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 184; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(78), 72 Stat. 1467, provided for determination of the place on a promotion list of name of each person who is originally appointed in a commissioned grade in Regular Army and whose name is to be carried on a promotion list, other than persons appointed in Medical Corps, Dental Corps, Army Nurse Corps, or Army Medical Specialist Corps. See section 624 of this title. Section 3296, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 184; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title I, § 101(10), 71 Stat. 377; Aug. 6, 1958, Pub. L. 85–600, § 1(5), 72 Stat. 522; June 4, 1968, Pub. L. 90–329, 82 Stat. 170; Oct. 20, 1978, Pub. L. 95–485, title VIII, § 820(d)(2), 92 Stat. 1627; Oct. 30, 1978, Pub. L. 95–551, § 2, 92 Stat. 2069, provided for promotion lists in Regular Army for all commissioned officers in grades below brigadier general on active list, with exceptions, which officers are known as promotion-list officers, a separate list for Chaplains and each of the several branches of Army Medical Department, and determination of place on list upon transfer or promotion. See section 624 of this title. Section 3297, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 185; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title I, § 101(11), 71 Stat. 377; July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–616, § 1(1), 74 Stat. 386; Oct. 20, 1978, Pub. L. 95–485, title VIII, § 820(d)(3), 92 Stat. 1627, provided for selection boards to recommend promotion-list officers and brigadier generals of Regular Army for promotion in Regular Army. See section 611 et seq. of this title. Section 3298, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 185; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title I, § 101(12), 71 Stat. 377; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, § 1(10)(A), 81 Stat. 375, provided for promotion from grade of second lieutenant to first lieutenant after 3 years of service, discharge under section 3814 of this title upon failure of promotion, and filling vacancies for first lieutenants with second lieutenants prior to completion of 3 years of service. See section 630 of this title. Section 3299, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 186; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title I, § 101(13), 71 Stat. 377; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 33(a)(21), 72 Stat. 1565; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, § 1(10)(B), 81 Stat. 375, provided that promotion-list officers be promoted to regular grades of captain, major, and lieutenant colonel, after specified length of service or without regard to length of service in view of actual or anticipated vacancies if Secretary of the Army so directs, or be eliminated from active list under section 3303 of this title and a promotion-list officer who has twice been considered and not recommended for promotion to any one regular grade not be again considered for promotion under this section. See sections 631 and 632 of this title. Section 3300, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 186; July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–616, § 1(2), 74 Stat. 386, provided for selection board procedure when promotion-list officers in regular grade of first lieutenant, captain, or major are to be considered for promotion under section 3299 of this title. See section 611 et seq. of this title.

3302, 3303. Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 204, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2880]

Section 3302, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 187, related to promotion to captain, major, or lieutenant colonel of commissioned officers of Medical Corps, Dental Corps, and Veterinary Corps upon examination of professional fitness and effect upon failure of promotion. See sections 631 and 632 of this title. Section 3303, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 188; July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–616, § 1(3), 74 Stat. 386; June 28, 1962, Pub. L. 87–509, § 4(a), 76 Stat. 121, related to effect of failure of a promotion-list officer considered for promotion to grade of captain, major, or lieutenant colonel under section 3299 of this title to be recommended for promotion, which officer was to be known as a deferred officer. See sections 631 and 632 of this title.

10 USC 3304 - Repealed. Pub. L. 90130, 1(10)(C), Nov. 8, 1967, 81 Stat 375]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 189; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title I, § 101(14), 71 Stat. 378, covered promotion of officers in the Army Nurse Corps and the Army Medical Specialists Corps to colonel and lieutenant colonel, set out the requirements of officers on the promotion lists, and provided for the procedure to be followed in determining the order of promotion.

3305 to 3309. Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 204, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2880]

Section 3305, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 189; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title I, § 101(16), 71 Stat. 379; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, § 1(10)(D), (E), 81 Stat. 375, related to promotion of officers in regular grade of lieutenant colonel to grade of colonel. See section 619 et seq. of this title. Section 3306, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 190, related to promotion of officers in regular grade of colonel to grade of brigadier general. See section 619 et seq. of this title. Section 3307, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 191, related to promotion of officers in regular grade of brigadier general to grade of major general. See section 619 et seq. of this title. Section 3308, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 192, related to effect of removal from recommended list by President of name of any promotion-list officer or brigadier general of Regular Army who in Presidents opinion is not qualified for promotion or who is not confirmed by Senate. See section 629 of this title. Section 3309, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 192, provided that President prescribe a system of physical examination for all commissioned officers of Regular Army in grades below brigadier general to determine their fitness for promotion in Regular Army. See section 624 of this title.

10 USC 3310 - Warrant officers: original appointment; qualifications

Original appointments as warrant officers in the Regular Army shall be made from persons who have served on active duty at least one year in the Army.

10 USC 3311 - Repealed. Pub. L. 95485, title VIII, 820(d)(4), Oct. 20, 1978, 92 Stat. 1627]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 192; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(60), 72 Stat. 1462, provided that with the exception of those appointed as commissioned officers in Medical Corps, Dental Corps, Medical Service Corps, Veterinary Corps, Army Nurse Corps, or Army Medical Specialist Corps, women be appointed as commissioned officers in Regular Army only in Womens Army Corps.

3312 to 3314. Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 204, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2880]

Section 3312, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 193, provided that an officer who is promoted in Regular Army is considered to have accepted his promotion on date of the order announcing it, unless he expressly declines it, without the need to take oath of office upon promotion if his service since last taking it has been continuous. See section 626 of this title. Section 3313, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 193, provided that in time of war or national emergency declared by Congress or President, President may suspend operation of provision of law relating to promotion, mandatory retirement, or separation of commissioned officers of the Regular Army. See section 123 (a) and (b) of this title. Section 3314, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(79)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1467, provided that promotion to a higher grade of a commissioned officer of Regular Army who is on a recommendation list awaiting promotion not be withheld or delayed because of original appointment of any other person to a commissioned grade in Regular Army and that this section does not apply to appointments in Medical Corps, Dental Corps, Army Nurse Corps, or Army Medical Specialist Corps. See section 624 of this title.

[CHAPTER 337 - REPEALED]

10 USC 3351 - Renumbered 12211]

10 USC 3352 - Renumbered 12213]

3353, 3354. Repealed. Pub. L. 103337, div. A, title XVI, 1629(a)(1), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2963]

Section 3353, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(80)(B), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1468; amended Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(8), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 265; Pub. L. 96–513, title II, § 205(a), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2881; Pub. L. 97–22, § 5(c), July 10, 1981, 95 Stat. 128; Pub. L. 98–94, title X, § 1007(c)(3), Sept. 24, 1983, 97 Stat. 662; Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title VII, 714(b), Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1112; Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title V, 509(b), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1647, related to service credit upon original appointment as reserve commissioned officer in Army. See section 12207 of this title. Section 3354, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 194; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(80)(C), 72 Stat. 1468, related to appointment of warrant officers and enlisted members of Army National Guard of United States as reserve officers.

10 USC 3355 - Repealed. Pub. L. 88647, title III, 301(5), Oct. 13, 1964, 78 Stat. 1071]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 194; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 33(a)(22), 72 Stat. 1565, related to appointment of graduates of Reserve Officers Training Corps as reserve commissioned officers. See section 2106 of this title.

3357 to 3390. Repealed. Pub. L. 103337, div. A, title XVI, 1629(a)(1), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2963]

Section 3357, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 194; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(60), (80)(D), 72 Stat. 1462, 1468, related to eligibility for appointment as reserve officer for service in Army Reserve in Army Nurse Corps or Army Medical Specialist Corps. Section 3359, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1469; amended Pub. L. 98–94, title X, § 1014(a), Sept. 24, 1983, 97 Stat. 666; Pub. L. 98–525, title V, § 521(a), Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2522; Pub. L. 99–145, title V, § 521(a), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 631; Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title V, 502(a), Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1085; Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title V, 503(a), Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1437; Pub. L. 102–484, div. A, title V, 519(a), Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2408; Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title V, 514(a), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1649; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title V, 511(a), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 298, related to determination of grade upon original appointment as reserve officer of Army. See section 12201 et seq. of this title. Section 3360, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1469; amended Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(9), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 266; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §§ 502(10), 512 (4), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2910, 2929; Pub. L. 98–94, title X, § 1016(b), Sept. 24, 1983, 97 Stat. 668, related to service required for promotion of Reserve commissioned officers. See section 14001 et seq. of this title. Section 3362, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1470; amended Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(10), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 266, related to convening of selection boards to consider Reserve commissioned officers for promotion. See section 14101 et seq. of this title. Section 3363, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1470; amended Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(11), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 266; Pub. L. 95–485, title VIII, § 820(e)(1), Oct. 20, 1978, 92 Stat. 1627; Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, 1234(a)(1), Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2059, related to requirements and procedures for promotion of officers in reserve grades. See section 14301 et seq. of this title. Section 3364, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1471; amended Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(12), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 266; Pub. L. 95–485, title VIII, § 820(e)(2)(4), Oct. 20, 1978, 92 Stat. 1627; Pub. L. 98–525, title V, § 512, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2521; Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, 1234(a)(4), Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2059, related to commissioned reserve officers selection for promotion, order of promotion, zone of consideration lists, and declinations of promotion. See section 14301 et seq. of this title. Section 3365, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1472, related to promotion of second lieutenants of Army Reserve. See section 14301 et seq. of this title. Section 3366, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1472; amended Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(13), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 267; Pub. L. 90–130, § 1(11)(A), Nov. 8, 1967, 81 Stat. 375, related to promotion of first lieutenants, captains, and majors of Army Reserve or Army National Guard of United States. See section 14301 et seq. of this title. Section 3367, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1473; amended Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(14), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 268; Pub. L. 90–130, § 1(11)(B), Nov. 8, 1967, 81 Stat. 375, related to promotion of first lieutenants, captains, and majors of Army Reserve to fill vacancies. See section 14301 et seq. of this title. Section 3368, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1474, related to second consideration for promotion of first lieutenants, captains, and majors of Army Reserve. See section 14301 et seq. of this title. Section 3369, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1474, related to first promotion of reserve officers not assigned to unit after transfer from unit or from Army National Guard of United States. Section 3370, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1474; amended Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(15), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 269; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, § 1(11)(C), (D), 81 Stat. 375; Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, 1234(a)(5), Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2059, related to promotion of officers to grade of colonel to fill vacancies. See section 14301 et seq. of this title. Section 3371, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1475, related to promotion of brigadier generals and colonels not assigned to units. See section 14301 et seq. of this title. Section 3375, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1475, related to transfer or discharge of reserve generals ceasing to occupy commensurate positions. See section 14314 (a) of this title. Section 3378, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1476, related to promotion of reserve commissioned officers removed from active status. See section 14317 (a) of this title. Section 3380, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1476; amended Pub. L. 98–94, title X, § 1015(a)(1), Sept. 24, 1983, 97 Stat. 667; Pub. L. 99–145, title V, § 521(b), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 631; Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title V, 502(b)(1), Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1085; Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title V, 503(b)(1), Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1437; Pub. L. 102–484, div. A, title V, 519(b), Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2408; Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title V, 514(b), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1649; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title V, 511(b), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 298, related to promotion of reserve commissioned officers on active duty and not on the active duty list. See section 14311 (e) of this title. Section 3382, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1476, related to promotion of second lieutenants of Army Reserve assigned to units. See section 14301 et seq. of this title. Section 3383, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1477; amended Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(16), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 270; Pub. L. 88–620, § 2, Oct. 3, 1964, 78 Stat. 999; Pub. L. 90–130, § 1(11)(E), Nov. 8, 1967, 81 Stat. 376; Pub. L. 95–485, title VIII, § 820(e)(5), Oct. 20, 1978, 92 Stat. 1627, related to promotion of officers of Army Reserve to grades of first lieutenant, captain, major, lieutenant colonel, and colonel to fill vacancies. See section 14301 et seq. of this title. Section 3384, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1477, related to promotion of officers of Army Reserve to grades of brigadier general or major general to fill vacancies. See section 14315 of this title. Section 3385, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1477, related to promotion of officers of Army National Guard of United States upon Federal recognition. See section 14308 (f) of this title. Section 3386, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1478, related to promotion of reserve commissioned officers upon release from active duty. See section 14301 et seq. of this title. Section 3388, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1478, related to effect of commissioned officer of Army Reserve entering upon active duty while eligible for promotion. See section 14301 et seq. of this title. Section 3389, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1478; amended Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(17), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 270, related to promotion of commissioned officers of Army Reserve or Army National Guard of United States to higher reserve grades after temporary appointments. See section 14301 et seq. of this title. Section 3390, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1478; amended Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, 1234(a)(1), Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2059, related to procedure for promotion to higher reserve grade of officer of Army National Guard of United States after temporary appointment. See section 14301 et seq. of this title.

10 USC 3391 - Repealed. Pub. L. 90130, 1(11)(F), Nov. 8, 1967, 81 Stat. 376]

Section, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1479; Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(18), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 270, prohibited promotion of reserve officers of Army Nurse Corps or Army Medical Specialist Corps to reserve grades above colonel and prohibited promotion of reserve officers of Womens Army Corps to reserve grades above lieutenant colonel.

3392 to 3396. Repealed. Pub. L. 103337, div. A, title XVI, 1629(a)(1), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2963]

Section 3392, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1479; amended Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, 1234(a)(1), Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2059, related to appointment of adjutants general or assistant adjutants general as reserve officers of Army. See section 12215 (a) of this title. Section 3393, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(80)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1479, provided that sea or foreign service not be made condition for promotion of reserve commissioned officers in reserve grades. Section 3394, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 195, related to acceptance of promotion by officers of Army National Guard of United States or Army Reserve. See section 14309 of this title. Section 3395, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 195, related to appointment of reserve officers in time of war. See section 14301 et seq. of this title. Section 3396, added Pub. L. 96–513, title II, § 206(a), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2884, provided that chapter, except section 3353, did not apply to reserve officers on active-duty list.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 339 - TEMPORARY APPOINTMENTS

3441, 3442. Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 207, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2884]

Section 3441, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 195, provided that temporary appointments be made only in the Army without specification of component. Section 3442, act Aug. 10, 1056, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 195, provided that a regular commissioned officer, or a reserve commissioned officer who is serving on active duty, may be appointed, based upon ability and efficiency with regard being given to seniority and age, in a temporary grade that is equal to or higher than his regular or reserve grade, without vacating any other grade held by him. See section 601 of this title.

10 USC 3443 - Repealed. Pub. L. 85861, 36B(6), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1570]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 196, related to grade of appointment of reserve commissioned officers on active duty.

3444, 3445. Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 207, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2884]

Section 3444, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 196; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(81)(A), 72 Stat. 1480, authorized the President, in time of war or national emergency, to appoint any qualified person, including a person who is not a Regular or Reserve, in any temporary grade, provided for vacation of the appointment, and permitted, for purposes of determining grade, position on a promotion list, seniority in temporary grade, and eligibility for promotion, an officer of the Medical Corps or Dental Corps who is appointed in a temporary grade to be credited, when he enters active duty, with constructive service authorized by section 3294 (b) of this title. See section 603 of this title. Section 3445, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 196; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(81)(B), 72 Stat. 1480, provided that in addition to the temporary appointments authorized, in time of war or national emergency, a regular officer or a reserve warrant officer may be appointed in any temporary grade higher than his regular or reserve grade, without vacating that grade, or a person who holds no commissioned grade in the Regular Army be appointed in any temporary commissioned grade. See section 603 of this title.

10 USC 3446 - Retention on active duty

The President may retain on active duty a disabled officer until
(1) the physical condition of the officer is such that the officer will not be further benefited by retention in a military hospital or a medical facility of the Department of Veterans Affairs; or
(2) the officer is processed for physical disability benefits provided by law.

3447 to 3449. Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 207, 208, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2884]

Section 3447, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 196; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(81)(D), 72 Stat. 1480; Sept. 28, 1971, Pub. L. 92–129, title VI, § 602, 85 Stat. 361, provided that temporary appointment of a person be made without reference to any other appointment that he may hold in the Army, temporary appointments of commissioned officers in the Regular Army be made by the President alone in grades below lieutenant colonel and by the President, by and with the consent of the Senate, in grades of lieutenant colonel and above, temporary appointments of commissioned officers in the reserve components of the Army be made by the President alone in grades below lieutenant colonel and by the President, by and with the consent of the Senate, in grades above major, and that the President may vacate at any time a temporary appointment in a commissioned grade. See section 601 of this title. Section 3448, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 197; Aug. 8, 1958, Pub. L. 85–603, § 1(2), 72 Stat. 526, authorized the Secretary of the Army, upon his determination of need, to appoint qualified persons as warrant officers, with such appointments to continue at the pleasure of the Secretary, and such warrant officers entitled to count all periods of active duty under the appointment as warrant or enlisted service for all purposes and to the benefits of all laws and regulations applicable to the retirement, pensions, and disability of members of the Army on active duty. See section 602 of this title. Section 3449, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 197, provided that temporary promotions in warrant officer grades be governed by such regulations as the Secretary of the Army prescribe. See section 602 of this title.

10 USC 3450 - Repealed. Pub. L. 90235, 3(b)(1), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 758]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 197, provided for suspension of laws for promotion or mandatory retirement or separation during war or emergency of temporary warrant officers of the Army.

3451, 3452. Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 207, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2884]

Section 3451, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 197, provided that an officer who is promoted to a temporary grade is considered to have accepted his promotion on the date of the order announcing it, unless he expressly declines the promotion. Section 3452, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(81)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1480, provided that, notwithstanding any other provision of law, an officer of Medical Corps or Dental Corps may be promoted to temporary grade of captain at any time after first anniversary of date upon which he graduated from a medical, osteopathic, or dental school.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 341 - ACTIVE DUTY

10 USC 3491 - Non-regular officers: status

A commissioned officer of the Army, other than of the Regular Army, who is on active duty in any commissioned grade has the rights and privileges, and is entitled to the benefits, provided by law for a commissioned officer of the Army Reserve
(1) whose reserve grade is that in which the officer not of the Regular Army is serving;
(2) who has the same length of service as the officer not of the Regular Army; and
(3) who is on active duty in his reserve grade.

3492, 3493. Repealed. Pub. L. 90235, 1(a)(2), (b), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 753]

Section 3492, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 198, provided for extension of active service of Army members during war. See section 671a of this title. Section 3493, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 198, empowered the President to order commissioned officers of the Army Reserve to active duty with the Corps of Engineers.

10 USC 3494 - Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 209(a), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2884]

Section, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(82)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1481; amended Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(20), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 271, provided that a reserve commissioned officer who is ordered to active duty be ordered to that duty in his reserve grade unless the Secretary of the Army orders him to active duty, other than for training, in a higher temporary grade and authorized a reserve commissioned officer who is selected for participation in a program under which he will be ordered to active duty for at least one academic year at a civilian school or college to be ordered, upon his request, to that duty in a temporary grade that is lower than his reserve grade, without affecting his reserve grade. See section 12320 of this title.

3495 to 3502. Repealed. Pub. L. 103337, div. A, title XVI, 1662(f)(2), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2994]

Section 3495, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 198, provided that members of Army National Guard of United States were not in active Federal service except when ordered thereto under law. See section 12401 of this title. Section 3496, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 198, authorized President to order commissioned officers of Army National Guard of United States to active duty in National Guard Bureau. See section 12402 (a), (b)(1) of this title. Section 3497, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 199, provided that members of Army National Guard of United States ordered to active duty were to be ordered to duty as Reserves of Army. See section 12403 of this title. Section 3498, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 199, related to organization during initial mobilization of units of Army National Guard of United States ordered into active Federal service. See section 12404 of this title. Section 3499, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 199, related to application of laws governing Army to members of Army National Guard called into Federal service. See section 12405 of this title. Section 3500, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 199; Sept. 29, 1988, Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, 1234(a)(1), (3), 102 Stat. 2059, authorized President to call Army National Guard units and members into Federal service. See section 12406 of this title. Section 3501, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 199; Sept. 29, 1988, Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, 1234(a)(1), 102 Stat. 2059, related to period of service and apportionment of members and units of Army National Guard called into Federal service. See section 12407 of this title. Section 3502, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 200, related to physical examinations of members of Army National Guard called into Federal service. See section 12408 of this title.

10 USC 3503 - Retired commissioned officers: status

A retired commissioned officer of the Army who is on active duty is considered, for all purposes except promotion, to be an officer of the branch or organization to which he is assigned.

10 USC 3504 - Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 210, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2884]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 200; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(83), 72 Stat. 1481, authorized the President to order any retired member of the Regular Army to active duty and assign him duties considered necessary in the interests of national defense and provided that, when ordered to active duty, a retired commissioned officer of the Army any part of whose service was in the Corps of Engineers be eligible to fill any position required by law to be filled by a commissioned officer of the Corps of Engineers and that any officer who served four years as Chief of the Medical Service Corps, any officer who served two and one-half years as Chief of the Army Nurse Corps or as Chief or an assistant chief of the Womens Medical Specialist Corps or the Army Medical Specialist Corps, or any officer who served two and one-half years as Director or Deputy Director of the Womens Army Corps be ordered to active duty in his retired grade. See section 688 of this title.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 343 - SPECIAL APPOINTMENTS, ASSIGNMENTS, DETAILS, AND DUTIES

3531, 3532. Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 233(a), 234, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2887]

Section 3531, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 201, authorized the President, by and with the consent of the Senate, to appoint a general officer of the Army as the Chief of Staff to the President, which officer, unless entitled to the rank, pay, and allowances of a grade above lieutenant general under another provision of law, is entitled to the rank, pay, and allowances of a general, and is in addition to the numbers otherwise authorized for that grade. Section 3532, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 201, provided that a colonel on the active list of the Regular Army who is detailed as special assistant to the Comptroller of the Department of Defense, has the grade of brigadier general while so serving, unless he is entitled to a higher grade.

10 USC 3533 - Corps of Engineers: assignment or transfer of officers to duties involving civil functions

Officers of the Corps of Engineers may be assigned or transferred to and from duties involving the civil functions of the Corps of Engineers only with the approval of the Secretary of the Army.

10 USC 3534 - Corps of Engineers: detail of officers to assist Mayor of District of Columbia

The President may detail not more than three officers assigned to the Corps of Engineers to assist the Mayor of the District of Columbia in discharging his duties.

10 USC 3535 - Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 235, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2887]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 201, provided that an officer assigned as Assistant to the Chief of Engineers in charge of civil works, including river and harbor and flood control improvements, be entitled to the rank, pay, and allowances of a brigadier general while so serving.

10 USC 3536 - Leader of Army Band: appointment

(a) The Secretary of the Army may appoint the leader of the Army band from the warrant officers of the Regular Army. The leader serves during the pleasure of the Secretary and may be returned to his former status in the discretion of the Secretary.
[(b) Repealed. Pub. L. 87–649, § 14c(5), Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 501.]
(c) Upon retirement, the leader of the Army band has the grade of warrant officer, with the retired pay to which he would have been entitled had he not been appointed leader.

3538, 3539. Repealed. Pub. L. 90235, 4(a)(2), (b)(1), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 759, 760]

Section 3538, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 202, provided for detail of officers of Ordinance Corps of the Army to serve with the Geological Survey. Section 3539, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 202, provided for detail of officers of Army Medical Service for duty with the Service to Armed Forces Division of American National Red Cross and for detail of an officer of Medical Corps of the Army to be in charge of first-aid department of American National Red Cross. See section 711a of this title.

10 USC 3540 - Repealed. Pub. L. 88647, title III, 301(7), Oct. 13, 1964, 78 Stat. 1071]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 202, related to detail of members of regular or reserve components as professors and instructors in military science and tactics to educational institutions, and is covered by section 2111 of this title.

3541, 3542. Repealed. Pub. L. 103337, div. A, title XVI, 1661(c)(2), 1662(g)(2), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2982, 2996]

Section 3541, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 202, authorized President to assign regular and reserve Army officers to National Guard Bureau. See section 10507 of this title. Section 3542, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 202, authorized President to detail certain officers as chief and assistant chief of staff of divisions of Army National Guard in Federal service. See section 12502 (a) of this title.

10 USC 3543 - Aides: detail; number authorized

(a) Each major general of the Army is entitled to three aides selected by him from commissioned officers of the Army in any grade below major.
(b) Each brigadier general of the Army is entitled to two aides selected by him from commissioned officers of the Army in any grade below captain.

3544, 3545. Repealed. Pub. L. 90235, 4(a)(6), (b)(1), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 759, 760]

Section 3544, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 203, restricted performance of civil functions by commissioned officers of Regular Army. See section 973 of this title. Section 3545, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 203, provided that cooking for enlisted members of Army should be superintended by officers of organizations to which members belonged.

10 USC 3546 - Repealed. Pub. L. 85861, 36B(7), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1570]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 203, required officers of the Medical Corps and contract surgeons to attend families of members of the Army.

10 USC 3547 - Duties: chaplains; assistance required of commanding officers

(a) Each chaplain shall, when practicable, hold appropriate religious services at least once on each Sunday for the command to which he is assigned, and shall perform appropriate religious burial services for members of the Army who die while in that command.
(b) Each commanding officer shall furnish facilities, including necessary transportation, to any chaplain assigned to his command, to assist the chaplain in performing his duties.

10 USC 3548 - Duties: warrant officers; limitations

Under regulations prescribed by the President, a warrant officer may be assigned to perform duties that necessarily include those normally performed by a commissioned officer.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 345 - RANK AND COMMAND

10 USC 3571 - Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 211, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2885]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 204; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(85), 72 Stat. 1481; June 30, 1960, Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(21), 74 Stat. 271, provided that commissioned officers of the Army on active duty in the same grade rank among themselves according to date of rank and specified procedures for determining date of rank. See section 741 of this title.

10 USC 3572 - Rank: commissioned officers serving under temporary appointments

The President may, in accordance with the needs of the Army, adjust dates of rank of commissioned officers of the Army serving in temporary grades.

3573, 3574. Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 211, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2885]

Section 3573, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 204, specified the date of rank of an officer whose regular grade is brigadier general and the date of rank of an officer whose regular grade is major general and provided that the names of general officers of the Regular Army be carried on a seniority list in the order of seniority in both regular grade and date of rank. See section 741 of this title. Section 3574, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 205; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §§ 1(86), 33 (a)(24), 72 Stat. 1481, 1565, provided for determination of rank of commissioned officers of the same grade in the Regular Army who are on the same promotion list, rank of commissioned officers of the same grade in the Regular Army who are not on the same promotion list or not on a promotion list, and rank among graduates of each class at the United States Military, Naval, or Air Force Academies who, upon graduation, are appointed to the Regular Army. See section 741 of this title.

10 USC 3575 - Rank: warrant officers

Warrant officers rank next below second lieutenants and rank among themselves within each warrant officer grade under regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary of the Army.

10 USC 3576 - Repealed. Pub. L. 90235, 5(a)(2), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 761]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 205, provided for command when different commands of the Army and Marine Corps joined or served together. See section 747 of this title.

10 USC 3578 - Repealed. Pub. L. 90235, 5(a)(2), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 761]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 205, provided for command when two or more commissioned officers of the Army in the same grade were on duty at the same place. See section 749 of this title.

10 USC 3579 - Command: commissioned officers of Army Medical Department

(a) Except as provided in subsection (b), a commissioned officer of the Army Medical Department is not entitled to exercise command because of his rank, except within the Army Medical Department.
(b) An officer of the Medical Service Corps may exercise command of troops that are not part of the Army Medical Department whenever authorized by the Secretary of the Army. The Secretary of the Army may delegate such authority to appropriate commanders as the interest of the Army may require.

10 USC 3580 - Repealed. Pub. L. 95485, title VIII, 820(f), Oct. 20, 1978, 92 Stat. 1627]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 206, provided that the Secretary of the Army prescribe the military authority that commissioned officers of the Womens Army Corps may exercise.

10 USC 3581 - Command: chaplains

A chaplain has rank without command.

10 USC 3582 - Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 211, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2885]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 206, provided that a retired officer has no right to command except when on active duty. See section 750 of this title.

10 USC 3583 - Requirement of exemplary conduct

All commanding officers and others in authority in the Army are required
(1) to show in themselves a good example of virtue, honor, patriotism, and subordination;
(2) to be vigilant in inspecting the conduct of all persons who are placed under their command;
(3) to guard against and suppress all dissolute and immoral practices, and to correct, according to the laws and regulations of the Army, all persons who are guilty of them; and
(4) to take all necessary and proper measures, under the laws, regulations, and customs of the Army, to promote and safeguard the morale, the physical well-being, and the general welfare of the officers and enlisted persons under their command or charge.

[CHAPTER 347 - REPEALED]

3611, 3612. Repealed. Pub. L. 90235, 8(2), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 764]

Section 3611, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 206, provided that President could prescribe the uniform of the Army. Section 3612, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 206, provided for disposition of uniforms of enlisted members of Army who were discharged and for disposition of uniforms of and issuance of civilian clothing to enlisted members of Army who were discharged otherwise than honorably.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 349 - MISCELLANEOUS PROHIBITIONS AND PENALTIES

10 USC 3631 - Repealed. Pub. L. 90235, 7(b)(1), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 763]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 207, prohibited officers of the Quartermaster Corps of the Army and officers performing duties of officers of that branch from dealing in quartermaster supplies.

3632, 3633. Repealed. Pub. L. 87649, 14c(6), (7), Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 501]

Sections, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 207, provided for forfeiture of pay during absence from duty due to disease from intemperate use of alcohol or drugs, and for forfeiture when dropped from rolls, and are now covered by sections 802 and 803 of Title 37, Pay and Allowances of the Uniformed Services.

10 USC 3634 - Repealed. Pub. L. 110181, div. A, title V, 590(b)(1), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 138]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 207; Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title III, 327(a), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1531, generally prohibited Army band from being paid for performance outside Army post. See section 974 of this title.

10 USC 3635 - Repealed. Pub. L. 90235, 6(a)(7), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 762]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 207, set forth restrictions on civilian employment for enlisted members of Army on active duty.

10 USC 3636 - Repealed. Pub. L. 87649, 14c(8), Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 501]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 208, provided that pay and allowances do not accrue to an enlisted member of Army who is in confinement under sentence of dishonorable discharge, while execution of sentence to discharge is suspended. See section 858b of this title.

10 USC 3637 - Repealed. Pub. L. 90235, 7(b)(1), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 763]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 208, provided that an enlisted member of the Army who deserted forfeited all right to a pension.

10 USC 3638 - Repealed. Pub. L. 85861, 36B(8), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1570]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 208, required enlisted members to make up time lost. See section 972 (a) of this title.

10 USC 3639 - Enlisted members: officers not to use as servants

No officer of the Army may use an enlisted member of the Army as a servant.

[CHAPTER 351 - REPEALED]

3661 to 3663. Repealed. Pub. L. 90377, 6(1), July 5, 1968, 82 Stat. 288]

Section 3661, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 208, provided for organization and administration of United States Disciplinary Barracks. Section 3662, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 209, provided for military training, organization, and equipping of prisoners who have been sent to United States Disciplinary Barracks. Section 3663, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 209, authorized Secretary of the Army to parole or remit sentence and restore to duty offenders who are confined in United States Disciplinary Barracks.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 353 - MISCELLANEOUS RIGHTS AND BENEFITS

10 USC 3681 - Presentation of United States flag upon retirement

(a) Presentation of Flag.— 
Upon the release of a member of the Army from active duty for retirement, the Secretary of the Army shall present a United States flag to the member.
(b) Multiple Presentations Not Authorized.— 
A member is not eligible for a presentation of a flag under subsection (a) if the member has previously been presented a flag under this section or any other provision of law providing for the presentation of a United States flag incident to release from active service for retirement.
(c) No Cost to Recipient.— 
The presentation of a flag under this section shall be at no cost to the recipient.

10 USC 3682 - Repealed. Pub. L. 90235, 6(a)(2), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 761]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 210, provided that in computing length of service, no commissioned officer of the Army could be credited with service as a cadet at the Military Academy or as a midshipman at the Naval Academy, if he was appointed as a cadet or midshipman after Aug. 24, 1912. See section 971 of this title.

10 USC 3683 - Repealed. Pub. L. 99145, title XIII, 1301(b)(1)(A), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 735]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 210; Aug. 25, 1959, Pub. L. 86–197, § 1(4), 73 Stat. 426, related to service credit for certain service as a nurse, woman medical specialist, or civilian employee of Army Medical Department.

10 USC 3684 - Service credit: regular enlisted members; service as an officer to be counted as enlisted service

An enlisted member of the Regular Army is entitled to count active service as an officer in the Army as enlisted service for all purposes.

10 USC 3685 - Repealed. Pub. L. 90235, 7(a)(3), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 763]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 211; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(89), 72 Stat. 1482, set forth restrictions on the consideration of a husband or child as the dependent of a female member of the Regular Army, Army National Guard of the United States or Army Reserve.

10 USC 3686 - Repealed. Pub. L. 103337, div. A, title XVI, 1662(g)(2), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2996]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 211; Sept. 24, 1980, Pub. L. 96–357, § 5(a), 94 Stat. 1182; Oct. 19, 1984, Pub. L. 98–525, title IV, § 414(a)(7)(A), 98 Stat. 2519, related to credit to members of Army National Guard of United States for service as members of Army National Guard. See section 12602 of this title.

10 USC 3687 - Repealed. Pub. L. 99661, div. A, title VI, 604(f)(1)(A), Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3877]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 212; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(90), 72 Stat. 1482; Sept. 7, 1962, Pub. L. 87–649, § 6(d), 76 Stat. 494, related to compensation for members of Army other than of Regular Army.

10 USC 3688 - Repealed. Pub. L. 85861, 36B(10), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1570]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 212, related to payment of death gratuity to survivors of members of the Army. See section 1475 et seq. of this title.

10 USC 3689 - Repealed. Pub. L. 87649, 14c(9), Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 501]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 213; Sept. 26, 1961, Pub. L. 87–304, § 9(c), 75 Stat. 665, related to assignments and allotments of pay. See section 701 of Title 37, Pay and Allowances of the Uniformed Services.

10 USC 3690 - Repealed. Pub. L. 90235, 7(b)(1), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 763]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 213, exempted enlisted members of the Army, while on active duty, from arrest for any debt, unless it was contracted before enlistment and amounted to at least $20 when first contracted.

10 USC 3691 - Flying officer rating: qualifications

Only officers of the Army in the following categories may be rated as flying officers:
(1) Officers who have aeronautical ratings as pilots of service types of aircraft or as aircraft observers.
(2) Flight surgeons.
(3) Officers undergoing flight training.
(4) Officers who are members of combat crews, other than pilots of service types of aircraft, aircraft observers, and observers.
(5) In time of war, officers who have aeronautical ratings as observers.

10 USC 3692 - Repealed. Pub. L. 92168, 1(1), Nov. 24, 1971, 85 Stat. 489]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 213, provided qualifications to receive a rating as a pilot in time of peace. See section 2003 of this title.

10 USC 3693 - Repealed. Pub. L. 90235, 7(a)(3), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 763]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 214, provided for replacement of a lost or destroyed certificate of discharge from Army. See section 1040 of this title.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 355 - HOSPITALIZATION

3721, 3722. Repealed. Pub. L. 99661, div. A, title VI, 604(f)(1)(A), Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3877]

Section 3721, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 214; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(92)(A), 72 Stat. 1482, related to hospital benefits for members of Army, other than of Regular Army. Section 3722, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 214; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(92)(B), (C), 72 Stat. 1482, related to hospital and related benefits for members of a Citizens Military Training Camp and for members of Army not covered by section 3721 of this title.

10 USC 3723 - When Secretary may require

The Secretary of the Army may order the hospitalization, medical and surgical treatment, and domiciliary care, for as long as necessary, of any member of the Army on active duty, and may incur obligations with respect thereto, whether or not the member incurred an injury, illness, or disease in line of duty, except in the case of a member treated in a private hospital, or by a civilian physician, while on leave of absence for more than 24 hours.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 357 - DECORATIONS AND AWARDS

10 USC 3741 - Medal of honor: award

The President may award, and present in the name of Congress, a medal of honor of appropriate design, with ribbons and appurtenances, to a person who while a member of the Army, distinguished himself conspicuously by gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty
(1) while engaged in an action against an enemy of the United States;
(2) while engaged in military operations involving conflict with an opposing foreign force; or
(3) while serving with friendly foreign forces engaged in an armed conflict against an opposing armed force in which the United States is not a belligerent party.

10 USC 3742 - Distinguished-service cross: award

The President may award a distinguished-service cross of appropriate design, with ribbons and appurtenances, to a person who, while serving in any capacity with the Army, distinguishes himself by extraordinary heroism not justifying the award of a medal of honor
(1) while engaged in an action against an enemy of the United States;
(2) while engaged in military operations involving conflict with an opposing foreign force; or
(3) while serving with friendly foreign forces engaged in an armed conflict against an opposing armed force in which the United States is not a belligerent party.

10 USC 3743 - Distinguished-service medal: award

The President may award a distinguished-service medal of appropriate design and a ribbon, together with a rosette or other device to be worn in place thereof, to a person who, while serving in any capacity with the Army, distinguishes himself by exceptionally meritorious service to the United States in a duty of great responsibility.

10 USC 3744 - Medal of honor; distinguished-service cross; distinguished-service medal: limitations on award

(a) No more than one medal of honor, distinguished-service cross, or distinguished-service medal may be awarded to a person. However, for each succeeding act that would otherwise justify the award of such a medal or cross, the President may award a suitable bar or other device to be worn as he directs.
(b) Except as provided in subsection (d), no medal of honor, distinguished-service cross, distinguished-service medal, or device in place thereof, may be awarded to a person unless
(1) the award is made within three years after the date of the act justifying the award;
(2) a statement setting forth the distinguished service and recommending official recognition of it was made within two years after the distinguished service; and
(3) it appears from records of the Department of the Army that the person is entitled to the award.
(c) No medal of honor, distinguished-service cross, distinguished-service medal, or device in place thereof, may be awarded or presented to a person whose service after he distinguished himself has not been honorable.
(d) If the Secretary of the Army determines that
(1) a statement setting forth the distinguished service and recommending official recognition of it was made and supported by sufficient evidence within two years after the distinguished service; and
(2) no award was made, because the statement was lost or through inadvertence the recommendation was not acted on;

a medal of honor, distinguished-service cross, distinguished-service medal, or device in place thereof, as the case may be, may be awarded to the person concerned within two years after the date of that determination.

10 USC 3745 - Medal of honor; distinguished-service cross; distinguished-service medal: delegation of power to award

The President may delegate his authority to award the medal of honor, distinguished-service cross, and distinguished-service medal, to a commanding general of a separate army or higher unit in the field.

10 USC 3746 - Silver star: award

The President may award a silver star of appropriate design, with ribbons and appurtenances, to a person who, while serving in any capacity with the Army, is cited for gallantry in action that does not warrant a medal of honor or distinguished-service cross
(1) while engaged in an action against an enemy of the United States;
(2) while engaged in military operations involving conflict with an opposing foreign force; or
(3) while serving with friendly foreign forces engaged in an armed conflict against an opposing armed force in which the United States is not a belligerent party.

10 USC 3747 - Medal of honor; distinguished-service cross; distinguished-service medal; silver star: replacement

Any medal of honor, distinguished-service cross, distinguished-service medal, or silver star, or any bar, ribbon, rosette, or other device issued for wear with or in place of any of them, that is stolen, lost, or destroyed, or becomes unfit for use, without fault or neglect of the person to whom it was awarded, shall be replaced without charge.

10 USC 3748 - Medal of honor; distinguished-service cross; distinguished-service medal; silver star: availability of appropriations

The Secretary of the Army may spend, from any appropriation for contingent expenses of the Department of the Army, amounts necessary to provide medals and devices under sections 3741, 3742, 3743, 3744, 3746, 3747, and 3752 of this title.

10 USC 3749 - Distinguished flying cross: award; limitations

(a) The President may award a distinguished flying cross of appropriate design with accompanying ribbon to any person who, while serving in any capacity with the Army, distinguishes himself by heroism or extraordinary achievement while participating in an aerial flight.
(b) Not more than one distinguished flying cross may be awarded to a person. However, for each succeeding act that would otherwise justify the award of such a cross, the President may award a suitable bar or other device to be worn as he directs.
(c) No distinguished flying cross, or device in place thereof, may be awarded or presented to a person whose service after he distinguished himself has not been honorable.

10 USC 3750 - Soldiers Medal: award; limitations

(a) 
(1) The President may award a decoration called the Soldiers Medal, of appropriate design with accompanying ribbon, to any person who, while serving in any capacity with the Army, distinguishes himself by heroism not involving actual conflict with an enemy.
(2) The authority in paragraph (1) includes authority to award the medal to a member of the Ready Reserve who was not in a duty status defined in section 101 (d) of this title when the member distinguished himself by heroism.
(b) Not more than one Soldiers Medal may be awarded to a person. However, for each succeeding act that would otherwise justify the award of such a medal, the President may award a suitable bar or other device to be worn as he directs.

10 USC 3751 - Service medals: issue; replacement; availability of appropriations

(a) The Secretary of the Army shall procure, and issue without charge to any person entitled thereto, any service medal authorized for members of the Army after May 12, 1928, and any ribbon, clasp, star, or similar device prescribed as a part of that medal.
(b) Under such regulations as the Secretary may prescribe, any medal or other device issued under subsection (a) that is lost, destroyed, or becomes unfit for use, without fault or neglect of the owner, may be replaced at cost. However, if the owner is a member of the Army or the Air Force, the medal or device may be replaced without charge.
(c) The Secretary may spend, from any appropriation for the support of the Army, amounts necessary to provide medals and devices under this section.

10 USC 3752 - Medals: posthumous award and presentation

(a) If a person dies before the award of a medal of honor, distinguished-service cross, distinguished-service medal, distinguished flying cross, or device in place thereof, to which he is entitled, the award may be made and the medal or device presented to his representative, as designated by the President.
(b) If a person dies before an authorized service medal or device prescribed as a part thereof is presented to him under section 3751 of this title, it shall be presented to his family.

10 USC 3753 - Civil War battle streamers

If, under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Army, it is determined that a regiment or other unit of the Army is entitled to that honor, the regiment or unit may carry any appropriate Civil War battle streamer with its colors or standards.

10 USC 3754 - Medal of honor: duplicate medal

A person awarded a medal of honor shall, upon written application of that person, be issued, without charge, one duplicate medal of honor with ribbons and appurtenances. Such duplicate medal of honor shall be marked, in such manner as the Secretary of the Army may determine, as a duplicate or for display purposes only.

10 USC 3755 - Medal of honor: presentation of Medal of Honor Flag

The President shall provide for the presentation of the Medal of Honor Flag designated under section 903 of title 36 to each person to whom a medal of honor is awarded under section 3741 of this title. Presentation of the flag shall be made at the same time as the presentation of the medal under section 3741 or 3752 (a) of this title. In the case of a posthumous presentation of the medal, the flag shall be presented to the person to whom the medal is presented.

10 USC 3756 - Korea Defense Service Medal

(a) The Secretary of the Army shall issue a campaign medal, to be known as the Korea Defense Service Medal, to each person who while a member of the Army served in the Republic of Korea or the waters adjacent thereto during the KDSM eligibility period and met the service requirements for the award of that medal prescribed under subsection (c).
(b) In this section, the term KDSM eligibility period means the period beginning on July 28, 1954, and ending on such date after the date of the enactment of this section as may be determined by the Secretary of Defense to be appropriate for terminating eligibility for the Korea Defense Service Medal.
(c) The Secretary of the Army shall prescribe service requirements for eligibility for the Korea Defense Service Medal. Those requirements shall not be more stringent than the service requirements for award of the Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal for instances in which the award of that medal is authorized.

[CHAPTER 359 - REPEALED]

3781 to 3787. Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 213, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2885]

Section 3781, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 218; July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–616, § 2(a), 74 Stat. 386, authorized Secretary of the Army to convene at any time a board of officers to review record of any commissioned officer on active list of Regular Army to determine whether he should be required, because of substandard performance of duty, to show cause for his retention on active list. See section 1181 (a) of this title. Section 3782, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 218; July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–616, § 2(a), 74 Stat. 387, provided for boards of inquiry, composed of three or more officers, to be convened at such places as Secretary of the Army prescribes, to receive evidence and make findings and recommendations whether an officer, required to show cause under section 3781 of this title, should be retained on active list of Regular Army. See section 1182 of this title. Section 3783, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 218; July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–616, § 2(a), 74 Stat. 387, provided for boards of review, composed of three or more officers, to be convened by Secretary of the Army, at such places as he prescribes, to review records of cases of officers recommended by boards of inquiry for removal from active list of Regular Army. Section 3784, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 219; July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–616, § 2(a), 74 Stat. 387, authorized Secretary of the Army to remove an officer from active list of Regular Army if his removal is recommended by a board of review and provided that decision of Secretary in such a case is final and conclusive. See section 1184 of this title. Section 3785, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 219; July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–616, § 2(a), 74 Stat. 387, provided that each officer under consideration for removal from active list of Regular Army under this chapter be given written notification, at least 30 days prior to a board of inquiry hearing, that he is being required to show cause for retention on active list, be allowed reasonable time to prepare a defense, be allowed to appear in person and by counsel at proceedings before a board of inquiry, and be allowed full access to, and furnished copies of, records relevant to his case at all stages of proceeding. See section 1185 of this title. Section 3786, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 219; July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–616, § 2(a), 74 Stat. 387, authorized Secretary of the Army, at any time during proceedings under this chapter and before removal of an officer from active list of Regular Army, to grant that officers request for voluntary retirement, if he is otherwise qualified therefor, or for honorable discharge with severance benefits. See section 1186 of this title. Section 3787, added Pub. L. 86–616, § 2(a), July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 388, provided that no officer serve on a board under this chapter unless he holds a regular or temporary grade above lieutenant colonel, and is senior in regular grade to, and outranks, any officer considered by board and that no person be a member of more than one board convened under this chapter for same officer. See section 1187 of this title.

[CHAPTER 360 - REPEALED]

3791 to 3797. Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 213, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2885]

Section 3791, added Pub. L. 86–616, § 3(a), July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 388, authorized Secretary of the Army to convene at any time a board of general officers to review record of any commissioned officer on active list of Regular Army to determine whether he should be required, because of moral dereliction, professional dereliction, or because his retention is not clearly consistent with interests of national security, to show cause for his retention on active list. See section 1181 (b) of this title. Section 3792, added Pub. L. 86–616, § 3(a), July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 388, provided for boards of inquiry, composed of three or more general officers, to be convened at such places as Secretary of the Army prescribes, to receive evidence and make findings and recommendations whether an officer, required to show cause under section 3791 of this title, should be retained on active list of Regular Army. See section 1182 of this title. Section 3793, added Pub. L. 86–616, § 3(a), July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 389, provided for boards of review, composed of three or more general officers, to be convened by Secretary of the Army, at such places as he prescribes, to review records of cases of officers recommended by boards of inquiry for removal from active list of Regular Army. Section 3794, added Pub. L. 86–616, § 3(a), July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 389, authorized Secretary of the Army to remove an officer from active list of Regular Army if his removal is recommended by a board of review and provided that decision of Secretary in such a case is final and conclusive. See section 1184 of this title. Section 3795, added Pub. L. 86–616, § 3(a), July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 389, provided that each officer under consideration for removal from active list of Regular Army under this chapter be given written notification, at least 30 days prior to a board of inquiry hearing, that he is being required to show cause for retention on active list, be allowed reasonable time to prepare a defense, be allowed to appear in person and by counsel at proceedings before board of inquiry, and be allowed full access to, and furnished copies of, records relevant to his case at all stages of proceedings, except records that Secretary determines be withheld in interests of national security, in which case, a summary, to extent national security permits, be furnished. See section 1185 of this title. Section 3796, added Pub. L. 86–616, § 3(a), July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 389, authorized Secretary of the Army, at any time during proceedings under this chapter and before removal of an officer from active list of Regular Army, to grant that officers request for voluntary retirement, if he is otherwise qualified therefor, or for honorable discharge with severance benefits. See section 1186 of this title. Section 3797, added Pub. L. 86–616, § 3(a), July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 390, provided that no officer serve on a board under this chapter unless he holds a regular or temporary grade above lieutenant colonel, and is senior in regular grade to, and outranks, any officer considered by that board and that no person be a member of more than one board convened under this chapter for same officer. See section 1187 of this title.

[CHAPTER 361 - REPEALED]

3811 to 3813. Repealed. Pub. L. 90235, 3(a)(2), (b)(1), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 757, 758]

Section 3811, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 220, provided for discharge of enlisted members of Army and limitations thereon, and for issuance of discharge certificates. See section 1169 of this title. Section 3812, act Aug. 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 220, provided for the discharge of members of the Army enlisted during war or emergency. See section 1172 of this title. Section 3813, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 220, provided for dependency discharges for enlisted members of the Army.

10 USC 3814 - Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 214, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2885]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 220, authorized Secretary of the Army to discharge a regular commissioned officer who has less than three years of continuous service as a commissioned officer therein, provided that such officer not be dismissed because of his marriage, unless marriage occurred within one year after date of his original appointment. See section 630 of this title.

10 USC 3814a - Repealed. Pub. L. 103337, div. A, title XVI, 1629(a)(2), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2963]

Section, added Pub. L. 93–558, § 1, Dec. 30, 1974, 88 Stat. 1793, related to discharge, during a reduction in force, of regular commissioned officers, second lieutenants, first lieutenants, and captains, and expired three years after its effective date, Dec. 30, 1974, in accordance with section 2 of Pub. L. 93–558.

3815, 3816. Repealed. Pub. L. 90235, 3(a)(2), (b)(1), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 757, 758]

Section 3815, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 220, provided for resignation of regular enlisted members of Army enlisted on a career basis and limitations thereon. Section 3816, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 221, provided for minority discharges for regular enlisted members of Army. See section 1170 of this title.

10 USC 3818 - Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 236, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2887]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 221; Oct. 20, 1978, Pub. L. 95–485, title VIII, § 820(g), 92 Stat. 1627, authorized Secretary of the Army to terminate appointment of a female commissioned officer of Regular Army, other than by dismissal, under regulations prescribed by President, or to terminate the appointment of a female warrant officer or enlistment of a female member of Regular Army by discharge from the Army.

3819, 3820. Repealed. Pub. L. 103337, div. A, title XVI, 1629(a)(2), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2963]

Section 3819, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(93)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1482; amended Pub. L. 98–525, title V, § 528(b), Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2526, related to discharge of Army Reserve officers for failure of promotion to first lieutenant. See section 14503 of this title. Section 3820, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 221; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(93)(B), 72 Stat. 1482, related to discharge and withdrawal of Federal recognition of officers of Army National Guard of United States absent without leave. See section 14907 of this title.

[CHAPTER 363 - REPEALED]

3841, 3842. Repealed. Pub. L. 86559, 1(22), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 271]

Section 3841, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(94), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1483, related to separation or transfer to retired reserve of reserve nurses and medical specialists at age 50 if in a reserve grade below major. Section 3842, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(94), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1483, related to separation or transfer to Retired Reserve of Reserve nurses and medical specialists at age 55 if in a Reserve grade above captain.

3843 to 3846. Repealed. Pub. L. 103337, div. A, title XVI, 1629(a)(3), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2963]

Section 3843, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(94), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1483; amended Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(23), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 271; Pub. L. 99–145, title XIII, § 1303(a)(20)(A), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 739, related to transfer or discharge of reserve commissioned officers below grade of major general. See sections 14509 and 14510 of this title. Section 3844, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(94), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1484; amended Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(24), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 271, related to transfer or discharge of certain reserve major generals and brigadier generals who are 62 years old. See section 14511 of this title. Section 3845, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(94), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1484; amended Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, 1234(a)(1), Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2059, related to transfer or discharge of certain officers of Army National Guard of United States who are 64 years of age. See section 14512 (a) of this title. Section 3846, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(94), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1484, related to transfer or discharge of reserve first lieutenants, captains, and majors not recommended for promotion by two selection boards. See section 14501 et seq. of this title.

10 USC 3847 - Repealed. Pub. L. 90130, 1(12)(A), Nov. 8, 1967, 81 Stat. 376]

Section, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(94), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1484; Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(25), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 272, provided for transfer to Retired Reserve or discharge from his reserve appointment, after July 1, 1960, of each officer in a reserve grade below lieutenant colonel with 25 years service assigned to Army Nurse Corps, Army Medical Specialist Corps, or Womens Army Corps who had not been recommended for promotion to reserve grade of lieutenant colonel or who has not remained on active duty since such a recommendation.

10 USC 3848 - Repealed. Pub. L. 103337, div. A, title XVI, 1629(a)(3), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2963]

Section 3848, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(94), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1485; amended Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(26), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 272; Pub. L. 90–130, § 1(12)(B), Nov. 8, 1967, 81 Stat. 376; Pub. L. 90–486, § 9(1), Aug. 13, 1968, 82 Stat. 760; Pub. L. 95–485, title VIII, § 820(h), Oct. 20, 1978, 92 Stat. 1627; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, § 512(8), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2929; Pub. L. 99–145, title V, § 522(a)(1), title XIII, 1303(a)(20)(B), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 631, 739; Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, 1234(a)(1), Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2059, related to transfer or discharge of reserve first lieutenants, captains, majors, and lieutenant colonels with 28 years of service. See section 14501 et seq. of this title.

10 USC 3849 - Repealed. Pub. L. 86559, 1(27), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 272]

Section, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(94), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1485, related to separation or transfer to retired reserve of officers in the reserve grade of lieutenant colonel assigned to the Womens Army Corps upon completion of 28 years of service.

3850 to 3855. Repealed. Pub. L. 103337, div. A, title XVI, 1629(a)(3), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2963]

Section 3850, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(94), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1485; amended Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XV, 1501(c)(25), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 499, related to transfer or discharge of excessive reserve commissioned officers in active status with thirty or more years of service. See sections 14514 and 14704 of this title. Section 3851, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(94), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1486; amended Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(28), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 272; Pub. L. 90–486, § 9(1), Aug. 13, 1968, 82 Stat. 760; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, § 512(8), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2929; Pub. L. 98–525, title V, § 513, Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2522; Pub. L. 99–145, title V, § 522(a)(2), title XIII, 1303(a)(20)(B), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 631, 739; Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title XIII, 1342(g), Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3992; Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, 1234(a)(1), Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2059, related to transfer or discharge of reserve colonels and brigadier generals with 30 years of service or five years in grade. See section 14508 (a), (e) of this title. Section 3852, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(94), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1486; amended Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(29), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 272; Pub. L. 99–145, title V, § 523, title XIII, 1303(a)(20)(B), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 632, 739; Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, 1234(a)(1), Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2059, related to transfer or discharge of reserve major generals with 35 years of service or five years in grade. See section 14508 (b), (f) of this title. Section 3853, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(94), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1486; amended Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(30), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 273; Pub. L. 86–651, title I, § 115, Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 513; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, § 512(9), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2929; Pub. L. 98–94, title X, § 1016(a), Sept. 24, 1983, 97 Stat. 668; Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, 1635(a), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2968, related to computation of years of service. See section 14706 of this title. Section 3854, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(94), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1486, authorized Secretary of the Army to prescribe regulations to carry out this chapter. Section 3855, added Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(31), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 273; amended Pub. L. 96–107, title IV, § 403(a), Nov. 9, 1979, 93 Stat. 808; Pub. L. 96–513, title II, § 215(a), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2885; Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title VII, 717(a), (d)(1)(A), Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1113, 1114; Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title VII, 710(a), 711 (a), Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1476, 1477, related to retention in active status of certain reserve officers. See section 14703 (a)(1), (b) of this title.

[CHAPTER 365 - REPEALED]

3881, 3882. Repealed. Pub. L. 85155, title IV, 401(1), Aug. 21, 1957, 71 Stat. 390]

Section 3881, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 222, authorized Secretary of the Army to retire regular commissioned officers of Army Nurse Corps or Womens Medical Specialist Corps whose regular grade is below major. Section 3882, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 222, authorized Secretary of the Army to retire regular commissioned officers of Army Nurse Corps or Womens Medical Specialist Corps whose regular grade is above captain.

3883 to 3886. Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 216, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2886]

Section 3883, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 222; Aug. 6, 1958, Pub. L. 85–600, § 1(6), 72 Stat. 522; Nov. 2, 1966, Pub. L. 89–718, § 3, 80 Stat. 1115; Oct. 30, 1978, Pub. L. 95–551, § 2, 92 Stat. 2069, provided that, unless retired or separated at an earlier date, each commissioned officer whose regular grade is below major general, other than a professor or the director of admissions of the United States Military Academy, be retired when he becomes 60 years of age, except as provided by section 8301 of title 5. See section 1251 of this title. Section 3884, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 222; Nov. 2, 1966, Pub. L. 89–718, § 3, 80 Stat. 1115, provided that, unless retired or separated at an earlier date, each commissioned officer whose regular grade is major general, and whose retirement under section 3923 of this title has been deferred under cl. (1) of that section, be retired when he becomes 60 years of age, except as provided by section 8301 of title 5. See section 1251 of this title. Section 3885, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 222; Nov. 2, 1966, Pub. L. 89–718, § 3, 80 Stat. 1115, provided that, unless retired or separated at an earlier date or unless retained under section 3923 (2) of this title, each commissioned officer whose regular grade is major general be retired when he becomes 62 years of age, except as provided by section 8301 of title 5. See section 1251 of this title. Section 3886, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 222; Aug. 6, 1958, Pub. L. 85–600, § 1(7), 72 Stat. 522; Nov. 2, 1966, Pub. L. 89–718, § 3, 80 Stat. 1115; Oct. 30, 1978, Pub. L. 95–551, § 2, 92 Stat. 2069, provided that, unless retired or separated at an earlier date, each commissioned officer whose regular grade is major general, and whose retirement under section 3923 of this title has been deferred under cl. (2) of that section, and each permanent professor and the director of admissions of the United States Military Academy, be retired when he becomes 64 years of age, except as provided by section 8301 of title 5. See section 1251 of this title.

10 USC 3887 - Repealed. Pub. L. 85155, title IV, 401(1), Aug. 21, 1957, 71 Stat. 390]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 223, related to computation of years of service of commissioned officers of Army Nurse Corps or Womens Medical Specialist Corps for purposes of retirement under former sections 3881 or 3882 of this title, or retirement pay under section 3991 of this title.

3888, 3889. Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 216, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2886]

Section 3888, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 223; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title I, § 101(18), 71 Stat. 379; May 20, 1958, Pub. L. 85–422, § 11(a)(3), 72 Stat. 131; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(96), 72 Stat. 1487, related to computation of service for determining retired pay of a commissioned officer of Regular Army retired under section 3883, 3884, 3885, or 3886 of this title. See section 1405 of this title. Section 3889, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 224, provided that a member of Army retired under this chapter be entitled to retired pay computed under chapter 371 of this title.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 367 - RETIREMENT FOR LENGTH OF SERVICE

10 USC 3911 - Twenty years or more: regular or reserve commissioned officers

(a) The Secretary of the Army may, upon the officers request, retire a regular or reserve commissioned officer of the Army who has at least 20 years of service computed under section 3926 of this title, at least 10 years of which have been active service as a commissioned officer.
(b) 
(1) The Secretary of Defense may authorize the Secretary of the Army, during the period specified in paragraph (2), to reduce the requirement under subsection (a) for at least 10 years of active service as a commissioned officer to a period (determined by the Secretary of the Army) of not less than eight years.
(2) The period specified in this paragraph is the period beginning on January 6, 2006, and ending on December 31, 2008.

10 USC 3912 - Repealed. Pub. L. 85155, title IV, 401(1), Aug. 21, 1957, 71 Stat. 390]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 225, permitted the Secretary of the Army, upon the officers request, to retire a commissioned officer of the Regular Army in the Army Nurse Corps or Womens Medical Specialist Corps who has at least 20 years of service computed under former section 3928 of this title.

10 USC 3913 - Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 217(a), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2886]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 225; July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–616, § 4, 74 Stat. 390; Nov. 2, 1966, Pub. L. 89–718, § 3, 80 Stat. 1115, provided for retirement of deferred officers not recommended for promotion after twenty years or more of service, except as provided in section 8301 of title 5. See section 627 et seq. of this title.

10 USC 3914 - Twenty to thirty years: enlisted members

Under regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary of the Army, an enlisted member of the Army who has at least 20, but less than 30, years of service computed under section 3925 of this title may, upon his request, be retired.

10 USC 3915 - Repealed. Pub. L. 90130, 1(13), Nov. 8, 1967, 81 Stat. 376]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 225; Aug. 21, 1967, Pub. L. 85–155, title I, § 101(19), 71 Stat. 379; Sept. 30, 1966, Pub. L. 89–609, § 1(5), 80 Stat. 852; Nov. 2, 1966, Pub. L. 89–718, § 3, 80 Stat. 1115, provided for retirement after 25 years service of regular majors in Womens Army Corps, Army Nurse Corps, and Army Medical Specialist Corps.

10 USC 3916 - Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 217(a), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2886]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 226; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title I, § 101(21), 71 Stat. 380; Nov. 2, 1966, Pub. L. 89–718, § 3, 80 Stat. 1115; Oct. 20, 1978, Pub. L. 95–485, title VIII, § 820(i), 92 Stat. 1628, provided for retirement of a promotion-list lieutenant colonel, except as provided by section 8301 of title 5, on 30th day after he completes 28 years of service, with authority for Secretary of the Army to defer retirement in certain cases. See section 633 of this title.

10 USC 3917 - Thirty years or more: regular enlisted members

A regular enlisted member of the Army who has at least 30 years of service computed under section 3925 of this title shall be retired upon his request.

10 USC 3918 - Thirty years or more: regular commissioned officers

A regular commissioned officer of the Army who has at least 30 years of service computed under section 3926 of this title may be retired upon his request, in the discretion of the President.

10 USC 3919 - Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 217(a), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2886]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 226, authorized Secretary of the Army, when he determined that there were too many commissioned officers on active list of Regular Army in any grade who have at least 30 years of service, to convene a board of at least five general officers of Regular Army to make recommendations for retirement and to retire any officer so recommended.

10 USC 3920 - More than thirty years: permanent professors and the Director of Admissions of the United States Military Academy

(a) The Secretary of the Army may retire an officer specified in subsection (b) who has more than 30 years of service as a commissioned officer.
(b) Subsection (a) applies in the case of the following officers:
(1) Any permanent professor of the United States Military Academy.
(2) The Director of Admissions of the United States Military Academy.

10 USC 3921 - Mandatory retirement: Superintendent of the United States Military Academy; waiver authority

(a) Mandatory Retirement.— 
Upon the termination of the detail of an officer to the position of Superintendent of the United States Military Academy, the Secretary of the Army shall retire the officer under any provision of this chapter under which that officer is eligible to retire.
(b) Waiver Authority.— 
The Secretary of Defense may waive the requirement in subsection (a) for good cause. In each case in which such a waiver is granted for an officer, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a written notification of the waiver, with a statement of the reasons supporting the decision that the officer not retire, and a written notification of the intent of the President to nominate the officer for reassignment.

3922, 3923. Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 217(a), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2886]

Section 3922, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 227; Nov. 2, 1966, Pub. L. 89–718, § 3, 80 Stat. 1115, provided for retirement of a regular grade brigadier general, other than a professor of the United States Military Academy, except as provided by section 8301 of title 5, on the 30th day after he completes 30 years of service or the 5th anniversary of the date of his appointment in that regular grade, whichever is later, with authority for the Secretary of the Army to defer retirement in certain cases. See section 635 of this title. Section 3923, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 227; Nov. 2, 1966, Pub. L. 89–718, § 3, 80 Stat. 1115, provided for retirement of a regular grade major general, except as provided by section 8301 of title 5, on the 30th day after he completes 35 years of service or the 5th anniversary of his appointment in that regular grade, whichever is later, with authority for the Secretary of the Army to defer retirement in certain cases. See section 636 of this title.

10 USC 3924 - Forty years or more: Army officers

(a) Except as provided in section 1186 of this title, a commissioned officer of the Army who has at least 40 years of service computed under section 3926 of this title shall be retired upon his request.
(b) Any warrant officer of the Army who has at least 40 years of service computed under section 3926 (a) of this title shall be retired upon his request.

10 USC 3925 - Computation of years of service: voluntary retirement; enlisted members

(a) For the purpose of determining whether an enlisted member of the Army may be retired under section 3914 or 3917 of this title, his years of service are computed by adding all active service in the armed forces and service computed under section 36831 of this title.
(b) Time required to be made up under section 972 (a) of this title may not be counted in determining years of service under subsection (a).
[1] See References in Text note below.

10 USC 3926 - Computation of years of service: voluntary retirement; regular and reserve commissioned officers

(a) For the purpose of determining whether an officer of the Army may be retired under section 3911, 3918, or 3924 of this title, his years of service are computed by adding
(1) all active service performed as a member of the Army or the Air Force;
(2) all service in the Navy or Marine Corps that may be included in determining the eligibility of an officer of the Navy or Marine Corps for retirement;
(3) all service computed under section 36831 of this title; and
(4) if an officer of the Regular Army, all active service performed as an officer of the Philippine Constabulary.
(b) For the purpose of determining whether a commissioned officer of the Regular Army in the Medical Corps may be retired under section 3911, 3918, or 3924 of this title, his years of service are computed by adding to his service under subsection (a) all service performed as a contract surgeon, acting assistant surgeon, or contract physician, under a contract to serve full time and to take and change station as ordered.
(c) For the purpose of determining whether a commissioned officer of the Regular Army in the Dental Corps may be retired under section 3911, 3918, or 3924 of this title, his years of service are computed by adding to his service under subsection (a) all service as a contract dental surgeon or acting dental surgeon.
(d) For the purpose of determining whether a commissioned officer of the Army Nurse Corps or the Army Medical Specialist Corps may be retired under section 3911 of this title, all service computed under section 36831 of this title shall be treated as if it were service as a commissioned officer.
(e) Section 972 (b) of this title excludes from computation of an officers years of service for purposes of this section any time identified with respect to that officer under that section.
[1] See References in Text note below.

10 USC 3927 - Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 217(a), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2886]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 228; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title I, § 101(22), 71 Stat. 380; May 20, 1958, Pub. L. 85–422, § 11(a)(4), 72 Stat. 131; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(98), 72 Stat. 1488, related to computation of years of service for determining whether a regular commissioned officer should be retired under section 3913, 3915, 3916, 3919, 3921, 3922, or 3923 of this title and for determining the retired pay of officers of the Regular Army retired under section 3913, 3915, 3916, 3919, 3921, 3922, or 3923 of this title. See section 1405 of this title.

10 USC 3928 - Repealed. Pub. L. 85155, title IV, 401(1), Aug. 21, 1957, 71 Stat. 390]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 229, related to computation of years of service of commissioned officers of the Army Nurse Corps or Womens Medical Specialist Corps for the purposes of retirement under former section 3912 of this title, or retirement pay under section 3991 of this title.

10 USC 3929 - Computation of retired pay: law applicable

A member of the Army retired under this chapter is entitled to retired pay computed under chapter 371 of this title.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 369 - RETIRED GRADE

10 USC 3961 - General rule

(a) The retired grade of a regular commissioned officer of the Army who retires other than for physical disability, and the retired grade of a reserve commissioned officer of the Army who retires other than for physical disability, is determined under section 1370 of this title.
(b) Unless entitled to a higher retired grade under some other provision of law, a Regular or Reserve of the Army not covered by subsection (a) who retires other than for physical disability retires in the regular or reserve grade that he holds on the date of his retirement.

10 USC 3962 - Higher grade for service in special positions

Upon retirement, any permanent professor of the United States Military Academy whose grade is below brigadier general, and whose service as such a professor has been long and distinguished, may, in the discretion of the President, be retired in the grade of brigadier general.

10 USC 3963 - Highest grade held satisfactorily: Reserve enlisted members reduced in grade not as a result of the members misconduct

(a) A Reserve enlisted member of the Army described in subsection (b) who is retired under section 3914 of this title shall be retired in the highest enlisted grade in which the member served on active duty satisfactorily (or, in the case of a member of the National Guard, in which the member served on full-time National Guard duty satisfactorily), as determined by the Secretary of the Army.
(b) This section applies to a Reserve enlisted member who
(1) at the time of retirement is serving on active duty (or, in the case of a member of the National Guard, on full-time National Guard duty) in a grade lower than the highest enlisted grade held by the member while on active duty (or full-time National Guard duty); and
(2) was previously administratively reduced in grade not as a result of the members own misconduct, as determined by the Secretary of the Army.
(c) This section applies with respect to Reserve enlisted members who are retired under section 3914 of this title after September 30, 1996.

10 USC 3964 - Higher grade after 30 years of service: warrant officers and enlisted members

(a) Each retired member of the Army covered by subsection (b) who is retired with less than 30 years of active service is entitled, when his active service plus his service on the retired list totals 30 years, to be advanced on the retired list to the highest grade in which he served on active duty satisfactorily (or, in the case of a member of the National Guard, in which he served on full-time duty satisfactorily), as determined by the Secretary of the Army.
(b) This section applies to
(1) warrant officers of the Army;
(2) enlisted members of the Regular Army; and
(3) reserve enlisted members of the Army who, at the time of retirement, are serving on active duty (or, in the case of members of the National Guard, on full-time National Guard duty).

10 USC 3965 - Restoration to former grade: retired warrant officers and enlisted members

Each retired warrant officer or enlisted member of the Army who has been advanced on the retired list to a higher commissioned grade under section 3964 of this title, and who applies to the Secretary of the Army within three months after his advancement, shall, if the Secretary approves, be restored on the retired list to his former warrant officer or enlisted status, as the case may be.

10 USC 3966 - Retired lists

(a) The Secretary of the Army shall maintain a retired list containing the name of each retired commissioned officer of the Regular Army.
(b) The Secretary shall maintain a retired list containing the name of
(1) each person entitled to retired pay under any law providing retired pay for commissioned officers of the Army, other than of the Regular Army; and
(2) each retired warrant officer or enlisted member of the Army who is advanced to a commissioned grade.
(c) The Secretary shall maintain a retired list containing the name of each retired warrant officer of the Army.
(d) The Secretary shall maintain a retired list containing the name of each retired enlisted member of the Regular Army.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 371 - COMPUTATION OF RETIRED PAY

10 USC 3991 - Computation of retired pay

(a) Computation.— 

(1) Formula.— 
The monthly retired pay of a member entitled to such pay under this subtitle is computed by multiplying
(A) the members retired pay base (as computed under section 1406 (c) or 1407 of this title), by
(B) the retired pay multiplier prescribed in section 1409 of this title for the number of years credited to the member under section 1405 of this title.
(2) Additional 10 percent for certain enlisted members credited with extraordinary heroism.— 
If a member who is retired under section 3914 of this title has been credited by the Secretary of the Army with extraordinary heroism in the line of duty, the members retired pay shall be increased by 10 percent of the amount determined under paragraph (1) (but to not more than 75 percent of the retired pay base upon which the computation of such retired pay is based). The Secretarys determination as to extraordinary heroism is conclusive for all purposes.
(b) General Rules.— 

(1) Use of most favorable formula.— 
If a person would otherwise be entitled to retired pay computed under more than one formula in subsection (a) or the table in section 1401 of this title, he is entitled to be paid under the applicable formula that is most favorable to him.
(2) Rounding to next lower dollar.— 
The amount computed under subsection (a), if not a multiple of $1, shall be rounded to the next lower multiple of $1.
(c) Special Rule for Retired Reserve Enlisted Members Covered by Section 3963.— 
In the case of a Reserve enlisted member retired under section 3914 of this title whose retired grade is determined under section 3963 of this title and who first became a member of a uniformed service before September 8, 1980, the retired pay base of the member (notwithstanding section 1406 (a)(1) of this title) is the amount of the monthly basic pay of the members retired grade (determined based upon the rates of basic pay applicable on the date of the members retirement), and that amount shall be used for the purposes of subsection (a)(1)(A) rather than the amount computed under section 1406 (c) of this title.

10 USC 3992 - Recomputation of retired pay to reflect advancement on retired list

(a) Entitlement to Recomputation.— 
An enlisted member or warrant officer of the Army who is advanced on the retired list under section 3964 of this title is entitled to recompute his retired pay in accordance with this section.
(b) Formula.— 
The monthly retired pay of a member entitled to recompute that pay under this section is computed by multiplying
(1) the members retired pay base (as computed under section 1406 (c) or 1407 of this title), by
(2) the retired pay multiplier prescribed in section 1409 of this title for the number of years credited to the member under section 1405 of this title.
(c) Rounding to Next Lower Dollar.— 
The amount computed under subsection (b), if not a multiple of $1, shall be rounded to the next lower multiple of $1.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 373 - CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES

10 USC 4021 - Army War College and United States Army Command and General Staff College: civilian faculty members

(a) Authority of Secretary.— 
The Secretary of the Army may employ as many civilians as professors, instructors, and lecturers at the Army War College or the United States Army Command and General Staff College as the Secretary considers necessary.
(b) Compensation of Faculty Members.— 
The compensation of persons employed under this section shall be as prescribed by the Secretary.
(c) Application to Certain Faculty Members.— 

(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), this section shall apply with respect to persons who are selected by the Secretary for employment as professors, instructors, and lecturers at the Army War College or the United States Army Command and General Staff College after the end of the 90-day period beginning on November 29, 1989.
(2) This section shall not apply with respect to professors, instructors, and lecturers employed at the Army War College or the United States Army Command and General Staff College if the duration of the principal course of instruction offered at the college involved is less than 10 months.

10 USC 4022 - Repealed. Pub. L. 9894, title IX, 932(b)(1), Sept. 24, 1983, 97 Stat. 650]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 233, related to employment of contract surgeons in an emergency. See section 1091 of this title.

10 USC 4023 - Repealed. Pub. L. 87651, title I, 116(1), Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 513]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 233, related to employment of civilians in service club and library services.

10 USC 4024 - Expert accountant for Inspector General

The Secretary of the Army shall appoint an expert accountant to perform duties under the Inspector General.

10 USC 4025 - Production of supplies and munitions: hours and pay of laborers and mechanics

During a national emergency declared by the President, the regular working hours of laborers and mechanics of the Department of the Army producing military supplies or munitions are 8 hours a day or 40 hours a week. However, under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Army these hours may be exceeded. Each laborer or mechanic who works more than 40 hours in a workweek shall be paid at a rate not less than one and one-half times the regular hourly rate for each hour in excess of 40.

10 USC 4027 - Civilian special agents of the Criminal Investigation Command: authority to execute warrants and make arrests

(a) Authority.— 
The Secretary of the Army may authorize any Department of the Army civilian employee described in subsection (b) to have the same authority to execute and serve warrants and other processes issued under the authority of the United States and to make arrests without a warrant as may be authorized under section 1585a of this title for special agents of the Defense Criminal Investigative Service.
(b) Agents To Have Authority.— 
Subsection (a) applies to any employee of the Department of the Army who is a special agent of the Army Criminal Investigation Command (or a successor to that command) whose duties include conducting, supervising, or coordinating investigations of criminal activity in programs and operations of the Department of the Army.
(c) Guidelines for Exercise of Authority.— 
The authority provided under subsection (a) shall be exercised in accordance with guidelines prescribed by the Secretary of the Army and approved by the Secretary of Defense and the Attorney General and any other applicable guidelines prescribed by the Secretary of the Army, the Secretary of Defense, or the Attorney General.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 375 - MISCELLANEOUS INVESTIGATION REQUIREMENTS AND OTHER DUTIES

10 USC 4061 - Fatality reviews

(a) Review of Fatalities.— 
The Secretary of the Army shall conduct a multidisciplinary, impartial review (referred to as a fatality review) in the case of each fatality known or suspected to have resulted from domestic violence or child abuse against any of the following:
(1) A member of the Army on active duty.
(2) A current or former dependent of a member of the Army on active duty.
(3) A current or former intimate partner who has a child in common or has shared a common domicile with a member of the Army on active duty.
(b) Matters To Be Included.— 
The report of a fatality review under subsection (a) shall, at a minimum, include the following:
(1) An executive summary.
(2) Data setting forth victim demographics, injuries, autopsy findings, homicide or suicide methods, weapons, police information, assailant demographics, and household and family information.
(3) Legal disposition.
(4) System intervention and failures, if any, within the Department of Defense.
(5) A discussion of significant findings.
(6) Recommendations for systemic changes, if any, within the Department of the Army and the Department of Defense.
(c) OSD Guidance.— 
The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe guidance, which shall be uniform for the military departments, for the conduct of reviews by the Secretary under subsection (a).

TITLE 10 - US CODE - PART III - TRAINING

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 401 - TRAINING GENERALLY

10 USC 4301 - Members of Army: detail as students, observers, and investigators at educational institutions, industrial plants, and hospitals

(a) The Secretary of the Army may detail members of the Army as students at such technical, professional, and other civilian educational institutions, or as students, observers, or investigators at such industrial plants, hospitals, and other places, as are best suited to enable them to acquire knowledge or experience in the specialties in which it is considered necessary that they perfect themselves.
(b) An officer, other than one of the Regular Army on the active-duty list, who is detailed under subsection (a) shall be ordered to additional active duty immediately upon termination of the detail, for a period at least as long as the detail. However, if the detail is for 90 days or less, the officer may be ordered to that additional duty only with his consent and in the discretion of the Secretary.
(c) No Reserve of the Army may be detailed as a student, observer, or investigator, or ordered to active duty under this section, without his consent and, if a member of the Army National Guard of the United States, without the approval of the governor or other appropriate authority of the State, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the District of Columbia, Guam, or the Virgin Islands of whose Army National Guard he is a member.
(d) The Secretary may require, as a condition of a detail under subsection (a), that an enlisted member accept a discharge and be reenlisted in his component for at least three years.
(e) The total length of details of an enlisted member of the Army under subsection (a) during one enlistment may not exceed 50 percent of that enlistment.
(f) At no time may more than 8 percent of the authorized strength in commissioned officers, 8 percent of the authorized strength in warrant officers, or 2 percent of the authorized strength in enlisted members, of the Regular Army, or more than 8 percent of the actual strength in commissioned officers, 8 percent of the actual strength in warrant officers, or 2 percent of the actual strength in enlisted members, of the total of reserve components of the Army, be detailed as students under subsection (a). For the purposes of this subsection, the actual strength of each category of Reserves includes both members on active duty and those not on active duty.
(g) Expenses incident to the detail of members under this section shall be paid from any funds appropriated for the Department of the Army.

10 USC 4302 - Enlisted members of Army: schools

(a) So far as consistent with the requirements of military training and service, and under regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary of the Army with the approval of the President, enlisted members of the Army shall be permitted to study and receive instruction to increase their military efficiency and to enable them to return to civilian life better equipped for industrial, commercial, and business occupations. Part of this instruction may be vocational education in agriculture or the mechanic arts. Civilian teachers may be employed to aid Army officers in this instruction.
(b) Schools for the instruction of enlisted members of the Army in the common branches of education, including United States history shall be maintained at all posts at which members of the Army are stationed. The Secretary may detail members of the Army to carry out this subsection. The commander of each post where schools are maintained under this subsection shall provide a suitable room or building for school and religious purposes.

10 USC 4303 - Army Ranger training: instructor staffing; safety

(a) Levels of Personnel Assigned.— 

(1) The Secretary of the Army shall ensure that at all times the number of officers, and the number of enlisted members, permanently assigned to the Ranger Training Brigade (or other organizational element of the Army primarily responsible for Ranger student training) are not less than 90 percent of the required manning spaces for officers, and for enlisted members, respectively, for that brigade.
(2) In this subsection, the term required manning spaces means the number of personnel spaces for officers, and the number of personnel spaces for enlisted members, that are designated in Army authorization documents as the number required to accomplish the missions of a particular unit or organization.
(b) Training Safety Cells.— 

(1) The Secretary of the Army shall establish and maintain an organizational entity known as a safety cell as part of the organizational elements of the Army responsible for conducting each of the three major phases of the Ranger Course. The safety cell in each different geographic area of Ranger Course training shall be comprised of personnel who have sufficient continuity and experience in that geographic area of such training to be knowledgeable of the local conditions year-round, including conditions of terrain, weather, water, and climate and other conditions and the potential effect on those conditions on Ranger student training and safety.
(2) Members of each safety cell shall be assigned in sufficient numbers to serve as advisers to the officers in charge of the major phase of Ranger training and shall assist those officers in making informed daily go and no-go decisions regarding training in light of all relevant conditions, including conditions of terrain, weather, water, and climate and other conditions.

10 USC 4306 - Service schools: leaves of absence for instructors

The officer in charge of an Army service school may grant a leave of absence for the period of the suspension of the ordinary academic studies, without reduction of pay or allowances, to any officer on duty exclusively as an instructor at the school.

4307, 4308. Repealed. Pub. L. 104106, div. A, title XVI, 1624(a)(1), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 522]

Section 4307, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 235, permitted President to detail commissioned officer of the Army or of the Marine Corps as director of civilian marksmanship. Section 4308, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 236; Nov. 14, 1986, Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title III, 318(a), 100 Stat. 3855; Nov. 5, 1990, Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title III, 328(b)(d), (g)(1), 104 Stat. 1533, 1534; Oct. 23, 1992, Pub. L. 102–484, div. A, title III, 380(a)(1), 106 Stat. 2389; Nov. 30, 1993, Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title III, 372, 107 Stat. 1635, related to authority of Secretary of the Army to promote civilian marksmanship. See section 40701 et seq. of Title 36, Patriotic and National Observances, Ceremonies, and Organizations.

10 USC 4309 - Rifle ranges: availability for use by members and civilians

(a) Ranges Available.— 
All rifle ranges constructed in whole or in part with funds provided by the United States may be used by members of the armed forces and by persons capable of bearing arms.
(b) Military Ranges.— 

(1) In the case of a rifle range referred to in subsection (a) that is located on a military installation, the Secretary concerned may establish reasonable fees for the use by civilians of that rifle range to cover the material and supply costs incurred by the armed forces to make that rifle range available to civilians.
(2) Fees collected pursuant to paragraph (1) in connection with the use of a rifle range shall be credited to the appropriation available for the operation and maintenance of that rifle range and shall be available for the operation and maintenance of that rifle range.
(3) Use of a rifle range referred to in paragraph (1) by civilians may not interfere with the use of the range by members of the armed forces.
(c) Regulations.— 
Regulations to carry out this section with respect to a rifle range shall be prescribed, subject to the approval of the Secretary concerned, by the authorities controlling the rifle range.

4310, 4311. Repealed. Pub. L. 104106, div. A, title XVI, 1624(a)(1), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 522]

Section 4310, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 236, permitted President and Secretary of the Army to detail members of Army as rifle instructors for civilians. Section 4311, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 237; Nov. 5, 1990, Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title III, 328(f), 104 Stat. 1534, permitted Secretary of the Army to provide for issue of military rifles and sale of ammunition for use in rifle instruction for civilians.

4312, 4313. Repealed. Pub. L. 105225, 6(b), Aug. 12, 1998, 112 Stat. 1499]

Section 4312, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 237, related to National rifle and pistol matches and small-arms firing school. Section 4313, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 237; Pub. L. 99–145, title XIII, § 1301(b)(3)(B), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 735; Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title III, 318(b), Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3855; Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title III, 328(a), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1533; Pub. L. 102–484, div. A, title III, 380(c)(1), Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2391; Pub. L. 103–35, title II, § 201(g)(10)(A), May 31, 1993, 107 Stat. 100; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XVI, 1624(b)(1), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 522, related to expenses of National Matches and small-arms school.

10 USC 4314 - Degree granting authority for United States Army Command and General Staff College

(a) Authority.— 
Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Army, the Commandant of the United States Army Command and General Staff College may, upon the recommendation of the faculty and dean of the college, confer appropriate degrees upon graduates who meet the degree requirements.
(b) Limitation.— 
A degree may not be conferred under this section unless
(1) the Secretary of Education has recommended approval of the degree in accordance with the Federal Policy Governing Granting of Academic Degrees by Federal Agencies; and
(2) the United States Army Command and General Staff College is accredited by the appropriate civilian academic accrediting agency or organization to award the degree, as determined by the Secretary of Education.
(c) Congressional Notification Requirements.— 

(1) When seeking to establish degree granting authority under this section, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives
(A) a copy of the self assessment questionnaire required by the Federal Policy Governing Granting of Academic Degrees by Federal Agencies, at the time the assessment is submitted to the Department of Educations National Advisory Committee on Institutional Quality and Integrity; and
(B) the subsequent recommendations and rationale of the Secretary of Education regarding the establishment of the degree granting authority.
(2) Upon any modification or redesignation of existing degree granting authority, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report containing the rationale for the proposed modification or redesignation and any subsequent recommendation of the Secretary of Education on the proposed modification or redesignation.
(3) The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report containing an explanation of any action by the appropriate academic accrediting agency or organization not to accredit the United States Army Command and General Staff College to award any new or existing degree.

10 USC 4315 - The Judge Advocate Generals School: master of laws in military law

Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Army, the Commandant of the Judge Advocate Generals School of the Army may, upon recommendation by the faculty of such school, confer the degree of master of laws (LL.M.) in military law upon graduates of the school who have fulfilled the requirements for that degree.

10 USC 4316 - Reporting requirements

The Secretary of the Army shall biennially submit to the Congress a report that specifies the overall expenditures for programs and activities under this chapter and any progress made with respect to achieving financial self-sufficiency of the programs and activities.

10 USC 4317 - Military history fellowships

(a) Fellowships.— 
The Secretary of the Army shall prescribe regulations under which the Secretary may award fellowships in military history of the Army to the persons described in subsection (b).
(b) Eligible Persons.— 
The persons eligible for awards of fellowships under this section are citizens and nationals of the United States who
(1) are graduate students in United States military history;
(2) have completed all requirements for a doctoral degree other than preparation of a dissertation; and
(3) agree to prepare a dissertation in a subject area of military history determined by the Secretary.
(c) Regulations.— 
The regulations prescribed under this section shall include
(1) the criteria for award of fellowships;
(2) the procedures for selecting recipients;
(3) the basis for determining the amount of a fellowship; and
(4) the total amount that may be awarded as fellowships during an academic year.

10 USC 4318 - Drill sergeant trainees: human relations training

(a) Human Relations Training Required.— 
The Secretary of the Army shall include as part of the training program for drill sergeants a course in human relations. The course shall be a minimum of two days in duration.
(b) Resources.— 
In developing a human relations course under this section, the Secretary shall use the capabilities and expertise of the Defense Equal Opportunity Management Institute (DEOMI).

10 USC 4319 - Recruit basic training: separate housing for male and female recruits

(a) Physically Separate Housing.— 

(1) The Secretary of the Army shall provide for housing male recruits and female recruits separately and securely from each other during basic training.
(2) To meet the requirements of paragraph (1), the sleeping areas and latrine areas provided for male recruits shall be physically separated from the sleeping areas and latrine areas provided for female recruits by permanent walls, and the areas for male recruits and the areas for female recruits shall have separate entrances.
(3) The Secretary shall ensure that, when a recruit is in an area referred to in paragraph (2), the area is supervised by one or more persons who are authorized and trained to supervise the area.
(b) Alternative Separate Housing.— 
If male recruits and female recruits cannot be housed as provided under subsection (a) by October 1, 2001, at a particular installation, the Secretary of the Army shall require (on and after that date) that male recruits in basic training at such installation be housed in barracks or other troop housing facilities that are only for males and that female recruits in basic training at such installation be housed in barracks or other troop housing facilities that are only for females.
(c) Construction Planning.— 
In planning for the construction of housing to be used for housing recruits during basic training, the Secretary of the Army shall ensure that the housing is to be constructed in a manner that facilitates the housing of male recruits and female recruits separately and securely from each other.
(d) Basic Training Defined.— 
In this section, the term basic training means the initial entry training program of the Army that constitutes the basic training of new recruits.

10 USC 4320 - Recruit basic training: privacy

The Secretary of the Army shall require that access by drill sergeants and other training personnel to a living area in which recruits are housed during basic training shall be limited after the end of the training day, other than in the case of an emergency or other exigent circumstance, to drill sergeants and other training personnel who are of the same sex as the recruits housed in that living area or to superiors in the chain of command of those recruits who, if not of the same sex as the recruits housed in that living area, are accompanied by a member (other than a recruit) who is of the same sex as the recruits housed in that living area.

10 USC 4321 - Degree granting authority for United States Army War College

(a) Authority.— 
Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Army, the Commandant of the United States Army War College may, upon the recommendation of the faculty and dean of the college, confer appropriate degrees upon graduates who meet the degree requirements.
(b) Limitation.— 
A degree may not be conferred under this section unless
(1) the Secretary of Education has recommended approval of the degree in accordance with the Federal Policy Governing Granting of Academic Degrees by Federal Agencies; and
(2) the United States Army War College is accredited by the appropriate civilian academic accrediting agency or organization to award the degree, as determined by the Secretary of Education.
(c) Congressional Notification Requirements.— 

(1) When seeking to establish degree granting authority under this section, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives
(A) a copy of the self assessment questionnaire required by the Federal Policy Governing Granting of Academic Degrees by Federal Agencies, at the time the assessment is submitted to the Department of Educations National Advisory Committee on Institutional Quality and Integrity; and
(B) the subsequent recommendations and rationale of the Secretary of Education regarding the establishment of the degree granting authority.
(2) Upon any modification or redesignation of existing degree granting authority, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report containing the rationale for the proposed modification or redesignation and any subsequent recommendation of the Secretary of Education on the proposed modification or redesignation.
(3) The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report containing an explanation of any action by the appropriate academic accrediting agency or organization not to accredit the United States Army War College to award any new or existing degree.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 403 - UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY

10 USC 4331 - Establishment; Superintendent; faculty

(a) There is in the Department of the Army a United States Military Academy, at West Point, New York (hereinafter in this chapter referred to as the Academy), for the instruction and preparation for military service of selected persons called cadets. The organization of the Academy shall be prescribed by the Secretary of the Army.
(b) There shall be at the Academy the following:
(1) A Superintendent.
(2) A Dean of the Academic Board, who is a permanent professor.
(3) A Commandant of Cadets.
(4) Twenty-eight permanent professors.
(5) A chaplain.
(6) A director of admissions.

10 USC 4332 - Departments and professors: titles

(a) The Secretary of the Army may prescribe the titles of each of the departments of instruction and the professors of the Academy. However, the change of the title of a department or officer does not affect the status, rank, or eligibility for promotion or retirement of, or otherwise prejudice, a professor at the Academy.
(b) Upon becoming the senior professor in a department, a permanent professor thereby becomes the head of that department.

10 USC 4333 - Superintendent; faculty: appointment and detail

(a) The Superintendent and the Commandant of Cadets of the Academy shall be detailed to those positions by the President from any branch of the Army. Other officers on duty at the Academy, except the permanent professors, may be detailed from any branch of the Army.
(b) The permanent professors of the Academy shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.
(c) The director of admissions of the Academy shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and shall perform such duties as the Superintendent of the Academy may prescribe with the approval of the Secretary of the Army.
(d) Any officer of the Regular Army in a grade above captain may be detailed to perform the duties of director of admissions without being appointed as director of admissions. Such a detail does not affect his position on the active-duty list.
(e) No graduate of the Academy may be appointed or detailed to serve at the Academy as a professor or instructor, or as an assistant to a professor or instructor, within two years after his graduation.

10 USC 4333a - Superintendent: condition for detail to position

(a) Retirement.— 
As a condition for detail to the position of Superintendent of the Academy, an officer shall acknowledge that upon termination of that detail the officer shall be retired pursuant to section 3921 (a) of this title, unless such retirement is waived under section 3921 (b) of this title.
(b) Minimum Tour of Duty.— 
An officer who is detailed to the position of Superintendent of the Academy shall be so detailed for a period of not less than three years. In any case in which an officer serving as Superintendent is reassigned or retires before having completed three years service as Superintendent, or otherwise leaves that position (other than due to death) without having completed three years service in that position, the Secretary of the Army shall submit to Congress notice that such officer left the position of Superintendent without having completed three years service in that position, together with a statement of the reasons why that officer did not complete three years service in that position.

10 USC 4334 - Command and supervision

(a) The supervision and charge of the Academy is in the Department of the Army, under officers of the Army detailed to that duty by the Secretary of the Army.
(b) The immediate government of the Academy is under the Superintendent, who is also the commanding officer of the Academy and of the military post at West Point.
(c) The Commandant of Cadets is the immediate commander of the Corps of Cadets, and is in charge of the instruction of the Corps in tactics.
(d) The permanent professors and the director of admissions exercise command only in the academic department of the Academy.

10 USC 4335 - Dean of Academic Board

(a) The Dean of the Academic Board shall be appointed as an additional permanent professor from the permanent professors who have served as heads of departments of instruction at the Academy.
(b) The Dean of the Academic Board shall perform such duties as the Superintendent of the Academy may prescribe with the approval of the Secretary of the Army.
(c) While serving as Dean of the Academic Board, an officer of the Army who holds a grade lower than brigadier general shall hold the grade of brigadier general, if appointed to that grade by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The retirement age of an officer so appointed is that of a permanent professor of the Academy. An officer so appointed is counted for purposes of the limitation in section 526 (a) of this title on general officers of the Army on active duty.

10 USC 4336 - Permanent professors; director of admissions

(a) A permanent professor of the Academy, other than the Dean of the Academic Board, who is the head of a department of instruction, or who has served as such a professor for more than six years, has the grade of colonel. However, a permanent professor appointed from the Regular Army has the grade of colonel after the date when he completes six years of service as a professor, or after the date on which he would have been promoted had he been selected for promotion from among officers in the promotion zone, whichever is earlier. All other permanent professors have the grade of lieutenant colonel.
(b) A person appointed as director of admissions of the Academy has the regular grade of lieutenant colonel, and, after he has served six years as director of admissions, has the regular grade of colonel. However, a person appointed from the Regular Army has the regular grade of colonel after the date when he completes six years of service as director of admissions, or after the date on which he would have been promoted had he been selected for promotion from among officers in the promotion zone, whichever is earlier.

10 USC 4337 - Chaplain

There shall be a chaplain at the Academy, who must be a clergyman, appointed by the President for a term of four years. The chaplain is entitled to a monthly housing allowance in the same amount as the basic allowance for housing allowed to a lieutenant colonel, and to fuel and light for quarters in kind. The chaplain may be reappointed.

10 USC 4338 - Civilian faculty: number; compensation

(a) The Secretary of the Army may employ as many civilians as professors, instructors, and lecturers at the Academy as the Secretary considers necessary.
(b) The compensation of persons employed under this section is as prescribed by the Secretary.
(c) The Secretary of the Army may, notwithstanding the provisions of subchapter V of chapter 55 of title 5 or section 6101 of such title, prescribe for persons employed under this section the following:
(1) The work schedule, including hours of work and tours of duty, set forth with such specificity and other characteristics as the Secretary determines appropriate.
(2) Any premium pay or compensatory time off for hours of work or tours of duty in excess of the regularly scheduled hours or tours of duty.

10 USC 4339 - Repealed. Pub. L. 89716, 1, Nov. 2, 1966, 80 Stat. 1114]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 240, authorized public quarters and fuel and light therefor for the organist and choirmaster of the Academy and for civilian instructors in the departments of foreign languages and tactics.

10 USC 4340 - Quartermaster

The Secretary of the Army shall detail a commissioned officer of the Army as quartermaster for the Corps of Cadets. The quartermaster shall
(1) buy and issue all supplies for the cadets;
(2) buy and issue all provisions for the mess; and
(3) supervise the mess.

10 USC 4341 - Faculty and other officers: leaves of absence

The Superintendent of the Academy may grant a leave of absence for the period of the suspension of the ordinary academic studies, without deduction of pay or allowances, to a professor, assistant professor, instructor, or other officer of the Academy.

10 USC 4341a - Cadets: appointment by the President

Cadets at the Academy shall be appointed by the President alone. An appointment is conditional until the cadet is admitted.

10 USC 4342 - Cadets: appointment; numbers, territorial distribution

(a) The authorized strength of the Corps of Cadets of the Academy (determined for any year as of the day before the last day of the academic year) is 4,400 or such lower number as may be prescribed by the Secretary of the Army under subsection (j). Subject to that limitation, cadets are selected as follows:
(1) 65 cadets selected in order of merit as established by competitive examinations from the children of members of the armed forces who were killed in action or died of, or have a service-connected disability rated at not less than 100 per centum resulting from, wounds or injuries received or diseases contracted in, or preexisting injury or disease aggravated by, active service, children of members who are in a missing status as defined in section 551 (2) of title 37, and children of civilian employees who are in missing status as defined in section 5561 (5) of title 5. The determination of the Department of Veterans Affairs as to service connection of the cause of death or disability, and the percentage at which the disability is rated, is binding upon the Secretary of the Army.
(2) Five cadets nominated at large by the Vice President or, if there is no Vice President, by the President pro tempore of the Senate.
(3) Ten cadets from each State, five of whom are nominated by each Senator from that State.
(4) Five cadets from each congressional district, nominated by the Representative from the district.
(5) Five cadets from the District of Columbia, nominated by the Delegate to the House of Representatives from the District of Columbia.
(6) Three cadets from the Virgin Islands, nominated by the Delegate in Congress from the Virgin Islands.
(7) Six cadets from Puerto Rico, five of whom are nominated by the Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico and one who is a native of Puerto Rico nominated by the Governor of Puerto Rico.
(8) Three cadets from Guam, nominated by the Delegate in Congress from Guam.
(9) Two cadets from American Samoa, nominated by the Delegate in Congress from American Samoa.
(10) One cadet from the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, nominated by the Delegate in Congress from the commonwealth.

Each Senator, Representative, and Delegate in Congress, including the Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico, is entitled to nominate 10 persons for each vacancy that is available to him under this section. Nominees may be submitted without ranking or with a principal candidate and 9 ranked or unranked alternates. Qualified nominees not selected for appointment under this subsection shall be considered qualified alternates for the purposes of selection under other provisions of this chapter.

(b) In addition, there may be appointed each year at the Academy cadets as follows:
(1) one hundred selected by the President from the children of members of an armed force who
(A) are on active duty (other than for training) and who have served continuously on active duty for at least eight years;
(B) are, or who died while they were, retired with pay or granted retired or retainer pay;
(C) are serving as members of reserve components and are credited with at least eight years of service computed under section 12733 of this title; or
(D) would be, or who died while they would have been, entitled to retired pay under chapter 1223 of this title except for not having attained 60 years of age;

however, a person who is eligible for selection under clause (1) of subsection (a) may not be selected under this clause.

(2) 85 nominated by the Secretary of the Army from enlisted members of the Regular Army.
(3) 85 nominated by the Secretary of the Army from enlisted members of reserve components of the Army.
(4) 20 nominated by the Secretary of the Army, under regulations prescribed by him, from the honor graduates of schools designated as honor schools by the Department of the Army, the Department of the Navy, or the Department of the Air Force, and from members of the Reserve Officers Training Corps.
(5) 150 selected by the Secretary of the Army in order of merit (prescribed pursuant to section 4343 of this title) from qualified alternates nominated by persons named in clauses (3) and (4) of subsection (a).
(c) The President may also appoint as cadets at the Academy children of persons who have been awarded the Medal of Honor for acts performed while in the armed forces.
(d) The Superintendent may nominate for appointment each year 50 persons from the country at large. Persons nominated under this paragraph may not displace any appointment authorized under clauses (2) through (9) of subsection (a) and may not cause the total strength of the Corps of Cadets to exceed the authorized number.
(e) If the annual quota of cadets under subsection (b)(1), (2), (3) is not filled, the Secretary may fill the vacancies by nominating for appointment other candidates from any of these sources who were found best qualified on examination for admission and not otherwise nominated.
(f) Each candidate for admission nominated under clauses (3) through (9) of subsection (a) must be domiciled in the State, or in the congressional district, from which he is nominated, or in the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, or the Virgin Islands, if nominated from one of those places.
(g) The Secretary of the Army may limit the number of cadets authorized to be appointed under this section to the number that can be adequately accommodated at the Academy, as determined by the Secretary after consulting with the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives, subject to the following:
(1) Cadets chargeable to each nominating authority named in subsection (a)(3) or (4) may not be limited to less than four.
(2) If the Secretary limits the number of appointments under subsection (a)(3) or (4), appointments under subsection (b)(1)(4) are limited as follows:
(A) 27 appointments under subsection (b)(1);
(B) 27 appointments under subsection (b)(2);
(C) 27 appointments under subsection (b)(3); and
(D) 13 appointments under subsection (b)(4).
(3) If the Secretary limits the number of appointments under subsection (b)(5), appointments under subsection (b)(2)(4) are limited as follows:
(A) 27 appointments under subsection (b)(2);
(B) 27 appointments under subsection (b)(3); and
(C) 13 appointments under subsection (b)(4).
(4) The limitations provided for in this subsection do not affect the operation of subsection (e).
(h) The Superintendent shall furnish to any Member of Congress, upon the written request of such Member, the name of the Congressman or other nominating authority responsible for the nomination of any named or identified person for appointment to the Academy.
(i) For purposes of the limitation in subsection (a) establishing the aggregate authorized strength of the Corps of Cadets, the Secretary of the Army may for any year permit a variance in that limitation by not more than one percent. In applying that limitation, and any such variance, the last day of an academic year shall be considered to be graduation day.
(j) 
(1) Beginning with the 20032004 academic year, the Secretary of the Army may prescribe annual increases in the cadet strength limit in effect under subsection (a). For any academic year, any such increase shall be by no more than 100 cadets or such lesser number as applies under paragraph (3) for that year. Such annual increases may be prescribed until the cadet strength limit is 4,400.
(2) Any increase in the cadet strength limit under paragraph (1) with respect to an academic year shall be prescribed not later than the date on which the budget of the President is submitted to Congress under section 1105 of title 31 for the fiscal year beginning in the same year as the year in which that academic year begins. Whenever the Secretary prescribes such an increase, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a notice in writing of the increase. The notice shall state the amount of the increase in the cadet strength limit and the new cadet strength limit, as so increased, and the amount of the increase in Senior Army Reserve Officers Training Corps enrollment under each of sections 2104 and 2107 of this title.
(3) The amount of an increase under paragraph (1) in the cadet strength limit for an academic year may not exceed the increase (if any) for the preceding academic year in the total number of cadets enrolled in the Army Senior Reserve Officers Training Corps program under chapter 103 of this title who have entered into an agreement under section 2104 or 2107 of this title.
(4) In this subsection, the term cadet strength limit means the authorized maximum strength of the Corps of Cadets of the Academy.

10 USC 4343 - Cadets: appointment; to bring Corps to full strength

If it is determined that, upon the admission of a new class to the Academy, the number of cadets at the Academy will be below the authorized number, the Secretary of the Army may fill the vacancies by nominating additional cadets from qualified candidates designated as alternates and from other qualified candidates who competed for nomination and are recommended and found qualified by the Academic Board. At least three-fourths of those nominated under this section shall be selected from qualified alternates nominated by the persons named in clauses (2) through (8) of section 4342 (a) of this title, and the remainder from qualified candidates holding competitive nominations under any other provision of law. An appointment under this section is an additional appointment and is not in place of an appointment otherwise authorized by law.

10 USC 4344 - Selection of persons from foreign countries

(a) 
(1) The Secretary of the Army may permit not more than 60 persons at any one time from foreign countries to receive instruction at the Academy. Such persons shall be in addition to the authorized strength of the Corps of the Cadets of the Academy under section 4342 of this title.
(2) The Secretary of the Army, upon approval by the Secretary of Defense, shall determine the countries from which persons may be selected for appointment under this section and the number of persons that may be selected from each country. The Secretary of the Army may establish entrance qualifications and methods of competition for selection among individual applicants under this section and shall select those persons who will be permitted to receive instruction at the Academy under this section.
(3) In selecting persons to receive instruction under this section from among applicants from the countries approved under paragraph (2), the Secretary of the Army shall give a priority to persons who have a national service obligation to their countries upon graduation from the Academy.
(b) 
(1) A person receiving instruction under this section is entitled to the pay, allowances, and emoluments of a cadet appointed from the United States, and from the same appropriations.
(2) Each foreign country from which a cadet is permitted to receive instruction at the Academy under this section shall reimburse the United States for the cost of providing such instruction, including the cost of pay, allowances, and emoluments provided under paragraph (1). The Secretary of the Army shall prescribe the rates for reimbursement under this paragraph, except that the reimbursement rates may not be less than the cost to the United States of providing such instruction, including pay, allowances, and emoluments, to a cadet appointed from the United States.
(3) The Secretary of Defense may waive, in whole or in part, the requirement for reimbursement of the cost of instruction for a cadet under paragraph (2). In the case of a partial waiver, the Secretary shall establish the amount waived.
(c) 
(1) Except as the Secretary of the Army determines, a person receiving instruction under this section is subject to the same regulations governing admission, attendance, discipline, resignation, discharge, dismissal, and graduation as a cadet at the Academy appointed from the United States. The Secretary may prescribe regulations with respect to access to classified information by a person receiving instruction under this section that differ from the regulations that apply to a cadet at the Academy appointed from the United States.
(2) A person receiving instruction under this section is not entitled to an appointment in an armed force of the United States by reason of graduation from the Academy.
(d) A person receiving instruction under this section is not subject to section 4346 (d) of this title.

10 USC 4345 - Exchange program with foreign military academies

(a) Exchange Program Authorized.— 
The Secretary of the Army may permit a student enrolled at a military academy of a foreign country to receive instruction at the Academy in exchange for a cadet receiving instruction at that foreign military academy pursuant to an exchange agreement entered into between the Secretary and appropriate officials of the foreign country. Students receiving instruction at the Academy under the exchange program shall be in addition to persons receiving instruction at the Academy under section 4344 of this title.
(b) Limitations on Number and Duration of Exchanges.— 
An exchange agreement under this section between the Secretary and a foreign country shall provide for the exchange of students on a one-for-one basis each fiscal year. Not more than 100 cadets and a comparable number of students from all foreign military academies participating in the exchange program may be exchanged during any fiscal year. The duration of an exchange may not exceed the equivalent of one academic semester at the Academy.
(c) Costs and Expenses.— 

(1) A student from a military academy of a foreign country is not entitled to the pay, allowances, and emoluments of a cadet by reason of attendance at the Academy under the exchange program, and the Department of Defense may not incur any cost of international travel required for transportation of such a student to and from the sponsoring foreign country.
(2) The Secretary may provide a student from a foreign country under the exchange program, during the period of the exchange, with subsistence, transportation within the continental United States, clothing, health care, and other services to the same extent that the foreign country provides comparable support and services to the exchanged cadet in that foreign country.
(3) The Academy shall bear all costs of the exchange program from funds appropriated for the Academy and such additional funds as may be available to the Academy from a source other than appropriated funds to support cultural immersion, regional awareness, or foreign language training activities in connection with the exchange program.
(4) Expenditures in support of the exchange program from funds appropriated for the Academy may not exceed $1,000,000 during any fiscal year.
(d) Application of Other Laws.— 
Subsections (c) and (d) of section 4344 of this title shall apply with respect to a student enrolled at a military academy of a foreign country while attending the Academy under the exchange program.
(e) Regulations.— 
The Secretary shall prescribe regulations to implement this section. Such regulations may include qualification criteria and methods of selection for students of foreign military academies to participate in the exchange program.

10 USC 4345a - Foreign and cultural exchange activities

(a) Attendance Authorized.— 
The Secretary of the Army may authorize the Academy to permit students, officers, and other representatives of a foreign country to attend the Academy for periods of not more than two weeks if the Secretary determines that the attendance of such persons contributes significantly to the development of foreign language, cross cultural interactions and understanding, and cultural immersion of cadets.
(b) Costs and Expenses.— 
The Secretary may pay the travel, subsistence, and similar personal expenses of persons incurred to attend the Academy under subsection (a).
(c) Effect of Attendance.— 
Persons attending the Academy under subsection (a) are not considered to be students enrolled at the Academy and are in addition to persons receiving instruction at the Academy under section 4344 or 4345 of this title.
(d) Source of Funds; Limitation.— 

(1) The Academy shall bear the costs of the attendance of persons under subsection (a) from funds appropriated for the Academy and from such additional funds as may be available to the Academy from a source, other than appropriated funds, to support cultural immersion, regional awareness, or foreign language training activities in connection with their attendance.
(2) Expenditures from appropriated funds in support of activities under this section may not exceed $40,000 during any fiscal year.

10 USC 4346 - Cadets: requirements for admission

(a) To be eligible for admission to the Academy a candidate must be at least 17 years of age and must not have passed his twenty-third birthday on July 1 of the year in which he enters the Academy.
(b) To be admitted to the Academy, an appointee must show, by an examination held under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Army, that he is qualified in the subjects prescribed by the Secretary.
(c) A candidate designated as a principal or an alternate for appointment as a cadet shall appear for physical examination at a time and place designated by the Secretary.
(d) To be admitted to the Academy, an appointee must take and subscribe to the following oath I, XXXXXXXXXXXX, do solemnly swear that I will support the Constitution of the United States, and bear true allegiance to the National Government; that I will maintain and defend the sovereignty of the United States, paramount to any and all allegiance, sovereignty, or fealty I may owe to any State or country whatsoever; and that I will at all times obey the legal orders of my superior officers, and the Uniform Code of Military Justice.

If a candidate for admission refuses to take this oath, his appointment is terminated.

10 USC 4347 - Cadets; nominees: effect of redistricting of States

If as a result of redistricting a State the domicile of a cadet, or a nominee, nominated by a Representative falls within a congressional district other than that from which he was nominated, he is charged to the district in which his domicile so falls. For this purpose, the number of cadets otherwise authorized for that district is increased to include him. However, the number as so increased is reduced by one if he fails to become a cadet or when he is finally separated from the Academy.

10 USC 4348 - Cadets: agreement to serve as officer

(a) Each cadet shall sign an agreement with respect to the cadets length of service in the armed forces. The agreement shall provide that the cadet agrees to the following:
(1) That the cadet will complete the course of instruction at the Academy.
(2) That upon graduation from the Academy the cadet
(A) will accept an appointment, if tendered, as a commissioned officer of the Regular Army or the Regular Air Force; and
(B) will serve on active duty for at least five years immediately after such appointment.
(3) That if an appointment described in paragraph (2) is not tendered or if the cadet is permitted to resign as a regular officer before completion of the commissioned service obligation of the cadet, the cadet
(A) will accept an appointment as a commissioned officer as a Reserve for service in the Army Reserve or the Air Force Reserve; and
(B) will remain in that reserve component until completion of the commissioned service obligation of the cadet.
(b) 
(1) The Secretary of the Army may transfer to the Army Reserve, and may order to active duty for such period of time as the Secretary prescribes (but not to exceed four years), a cadet who breaches an agreement under subsection (a). The period of time for which a cadet is ordered to active duty under this paragraph may be determined without regard to section 651 (a) of this title.
(2) A cadet who is transferred to the Army Reserve under paragraph (1) shall be transferred in an appropriate enlisted grade or rating, as determined by the Secretary.
(3) For the purposes of paragraph (1), a cadet shall be considered to have breached an agreement under subsection (a) if the cadet is separated from the Academy under circumstances which the Secretary determines constitute a breach by the cadet of the cadets agreement to complete the course of instruction at the Academy and accept an appointment as a commissioned officer upon graduation from the Academy.
(c) The Secretary of the Army shall prescribe regulations to carry out this section. Those regulations shall include
(1) standards for determining what constitutes, for the purpose of subsection (b), a breach of an agreement under subsection (a);
(2) procedures for determining whether such a breach has occurred; and
(3) standards for determining the period of time for which a person may be ordered to serve on active duty under subsection (b).
(d) In this section, the term commissioned service obligation, with respect to an officer who is a graduate of the Academy, means the period beginning on the date of the officers appointment as a commissioned officer and ending on the sixth anniversary of such appointment or, at the discretion of the Secretary of Defense, any later date up to the eighth anniversary of such appointment.
(e) 
(1) This section does not apply to a cadet who is not a citizen or national of the United States.
(2) In the case of a cadet who is a minor and who has parents or a guardian, the cadet may sign the agreement required by subsection (a) only with the consent of a parent or guardian.
(f) A cadet or former cadet who does not fulfill the terms of the agreement as specified under section[1] (a), or the alternative obligation imposed under subsection (b), shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of title 37.
[1] So in original. Probably should be “subsection”.

10 USC 4349 - Cadets: organization of Corps; service; instruction

(a) The Corps of Cadets shall be divided into companies, as directed by the Superintendent, for the purpose of military instruction. Each company shall be commanded by a commissioned officer of the Army.
(b) A cadet shall perform duties at such places and of such type as the President may direct.
(c) The course of instruction at the Academy is four years.
(d) The Secretary of the Army shall so arrange the course of studies at the Academy that cadets are not required to pursue their studies on Sunday.
(e) The Corps of Cadets shall be trained in the duties of members of the Army, shall be encamped at least three months in each year, and shall be trained in all duties incident to a camp.

10 USC 4350 - Cadets: clothing and equipment

(a) The Secretary of the Army may prescribe the amount to be credited to a cadet, upon original admission to the Academy, for the cost of his initial issue of clothing and equipment. That amount shall be deducted from his pay. If a cadet is discharged before graduation while owing the United States for pay advanced for the purchase of required clothing and equipment, he shall turn in so much of his clothing and equipment of a distinctive military nature as is necessary to repay the amount advanced. If the value of the clothing and equipment turned in does not cover the amount owed, the indebtedness shall be canceled.
(b) Under such regulations as the Secretary may prescribe, uniforms and equipment shall be furnished to a cadet at the Academy upon his request.

10 USC 4351 - Cadets: deficiencies in conduct or studies; effect of failure on successor

(a) A cadet who is reported as deficient in conduct or studies and recommended to be discharged from the Academy may not, unless recommended by the Academic Board, be returned or reappointed to the Academy.
(b) Any cadet who fails to pass a required examination because he is deficient in any one subject of instruction is entitled to a reexamination of equal scope and difficulty in that subject, if he applies in writing to the Academic Board within 10 days after he is officially notified of his failure. The reexamination shall be held within 60 days after the date of his application. If the cadet passes the reexamination and is otherwise qualified, he shall be readmitted to the Academy. If he fails, he may not have another examination.
(c) The failure of a member of a graduating class to complete the course with his class does not delay the admission of his successor.

10 USC 4352 - Cadets: hazing

(a) Subject to the approval of the Secretary of the Army, the Superintendent of the Academy shall issue regulations
(1) defining hazing;
(2) designed to prevent that practice; and
(3) prescribing dismissal, suspension, or other adequate punishment for violations.
(b) If a cadet who is charged with violating a regulation issued under subsection (a), the penalty for which is or may be dismissal from the Academy, requests in writing a trial by a general court-martial, he may not be dismissed for that offense except under sentence of such a court.
(c) A cadet dismissed from the Academy for hazing may not be reappointed to the Corps of Cadets, and is ineligible for appointment as a commissioned officer in a regular component of the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps, until two years after the graduation of his class.

10 USC 4353 - Cadets: degree and commission on graduation

(a) Under such conditions as the Secretary of the Army may prescribe, the Superintendent of the Academy may confer the degree of bachelor of science upon graduates of the Academy.
(b) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a cadet who completes the prescribed course of instruction may, upon graduation, be appointed a second lieutenant in the Regular Army under section 531 of this title.

10 USC 4354 - Buildings and grounds: memorial hall; buildings for religious worship

(a) The memorial hall at the Academy is a repository for statues, busts, mural tablets, portraits of distinguished and deceased officers and graduates of the Academy, paintings of battle scenes, trophies of war, and other objects that may tend to elevate the military profession. No object may be placed in this hall without the approval of two-thirds of the members of the Academic Board of the Academy by a recorded vote taken by ayes and nays.
(b) The Secretary of the Army may authorize any denomination, sect, or religious body to erect a building for religious worship on the West Point Military Reservation, if its erection will not interfere with the use of the reservation for military purposes and will be without expense to the United States. Such a building shall be removed, or its location changed, without compensation for it and without other expense to the United States, by the denomination, sect, or religious body that erected it, whenever in the opinion of the Secretary public or military necessity so requires.

10 USC 4355 - Board of Visitors

(a) A Board of Visitors to the Academy is constituted annually of
(1) the chairman of the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate, or his designee;
(2) three other members of the Senate designated by the Vice President or the President pro tempore of the Senate, two of whom are members of the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate;
(3) the chairman of the Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives, or his designee;
(4) four other members of the House of Representatives designated by the Speaker of the House of Representatives, two of whom are members of the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives; and
(5) six persons designated by the President.
(b) The persons designated by the President serve for three years each except that any member whose term of office has expired shall continue to serve until his successor is appointed. The President shall designate two persons each year to succeed the members whose terms expire that year.
(c) If a member of the Board dies or resigns, a successor shall be designated for the unexpired portion of the term by the official who designated the member.
(d) The Board shall visit the Academy annually. With the approval of the Secretary of the Army, the Board or its members may make other visits to the Academy in connection with the duties of the Board or to consult with the Superintendent of the Academy.
(e) The Board shall inquire into the morale and discipline, the curriculum, instruction, physical equipment, fiscal affairs, academic methods, and other matters relating to the Academy that the Board decides to consider.
(f) Within 60 days after its annual visit, the Board shall submit a written report to the President of its action, and of its views and recommendations pertaining to the Academy. Any report of a visit, other than the annual visit, shall, if approved by a majority of the members of the Board, be submitted to the President within 60 days after the approval.
(g) Upon approval by the Secretary, the Board may call in advisers for consultation.
(h) While performing his duties, each member of the Board and each adviser shall be reimbursed under Government travel regulations for his travel expenses.

10 USC 4356 - Use of certain gifts

Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Army, the Superintendent of the Academy may (without regard to section 2601 of this title) accept, hold, administer, invest, and spend any gift, devise, or bequest of personal property of a value of $20,000 or less made to the United States on the condition that such gift, devise, or bequest be used for the benefit of the Academy or any entity thereof. The Secretary may pay or authorize the payment of all reasonable and necessary expenses in connection with the conveyance or transfer of a gift, devise, or bequest under this section.

10 USC 4357 - Acceptance of guarantees with gifts for major projects

(a) Acceptance Authority.— 
Subject to subsection (c), the Secretary of the Army may accept from a donor or donors a qualified guarantee for the completion of a major project for the benefit of the Academy.
(b) Obligation Authority.— 
The amount of a qualified guarantee accepted under this section shall be considered as contract authority to provide obligation authority for purposes of Federal fiscal and contractual requirements. Funds available for a project for which such a guarantee has been accepted may be obligated and expended for the project without regard to whether the total amount of the funds and other resources available for the project (not taking into account the amount of the guarantee) is sufficient to pay for completion of the project.
(c) Notice of Proposed Acceptance.— 
The Secretary of the Army may not accept a qualified guarantee under this section for the completion of a major project until after the expiration of 30 days following the date upon which a report of the facts concerning the proposed guarantee is submitted to Congress or, if earlier, the expiration of 14 days following the date on which a copy of the report is provided in an electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of this title.
(d) Prohibition on Commingling of Funds.— 
The Secretary of the Army may not enter into any contract or other transaction involving the use of a qualified guarantee and appropriated funds in the same contract or transaction.
(e) Definitions.— 
In this section:
(1) Major project.— 
The term major project means a project for the purchase or other procurement of real or personal property, or for the construction, renovation, or repair of real or personal property, the total cost of which is, or is estimated to be, at least $1,000,000.
(2) Qualified guarantee.— 
The term qualified guarantee, with respect to a major project, means a guarantee that
(A) is made by one or more persons in connection with a donation, specifically for the project, of a total amount in cash or securities that, as determined by the Secretary of the Army, is sufficient to defray a substantial portion of the total cost of the project;
(B) is made to facilitate or expedite the completion of the project in reasonable anticipation that other donors will contribute sufficient funds or other resources in amounts sufficient to pay for completion of the project;
(C) is set forth as a written agreement that provides for the donor to furnish in cash or securities, in addition to the donors other gift or gifts for the project, any additional amount that may become necessary for paying the cost of completing the project by reason of a failure to obtain from other donors or sources funds or other resources in amounts sufficient to pay the cost of completing the project; and
(D) is accompanied by
(i) an irrevocable and unconditional standby letter of credit for the benefit of the Academy that is in the amount of the guarantee and is issued by a major United States commercial bank; or
(ii) a qualified account control agreement.
(3) Qualified account control agreement.— 
The term qualified account control agreement, with respect to a guarantee of a donor, means an agreement among the donor, the Secretary of the Army, and a major United States investment management firm that
(A) ensures the availability of sufficient funds or other financial resources to pay the amount guaranteed during the period of the guarantee;
(B) provides for the perfection of a security interest in the assets of the account for the United States for the benefit of the Academy with the highest priority available for liens and security interests under applicable law;
(C) requires the donor to maintain in an account with the investment management firm assets having a total value that is not less than 130 percent of the amount guaranteed; and
(D) requires the investment management firm, at any time that the value of the account is less than the value required to be maintained under subparagraph (C), to liquidate any noncash assets in the account and reinvest the proceeds in Treasury bills issued under section 3104 of title 31.
(4) Major united states commercial bank.— 
The term major United States commercial bank means a commercial bank that
(A) is an insured bank (as defined in section 3 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1813));
(B) is headquartered in the United States; and
(C) has net assets in a total amount considered by the Secretary of the Army to qualify the bank as a major bank.
(5) Major united states investment management firm.— 
The term major United States investment management firm means any broker, dealer, investment adviser, or provider of investment supervisory services (as defined in section 3 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 78c) or section 202 of the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 (15 U.S.C. 80b–2)) or a major United States commercial bank that
(A) is headquartered in the United States; and
(B) holds for the account of others investment assets in a total amount considered by the Secretary of the Army to qualify the firm as a major investment management firm.

10 USC 4358 - Grants for faculty research for scientific, literary, and educational purposes: acceptance; authorized grantees

(a) Acceptance of Research Grants.— 
The Secretary of the Army may authorize the Superintendent of the Academy to accept qualifying research grants under this section. Any such grant may only be accepted if the work under the grant is to be carried out by a professor or instructor of the Academy for a scientific, literary, or educational purpose.
(b) Qualifying Grants.— 
A qualifying research grant under this section is a grant that is awarded on a competitive basis by an entity referred to in subsection (c) for a research project with a scientific, literary, or educational purpose.
(c) Entities From Which Grants May be Accepted.— 
A grant may be accepted under this section only from a corporation, fund, foundation, educational institution, or similar entity that is organized and operated primarily for scientific, literary, or educational purposes.
(d) Administration of Grant Funds.— 
The Secretary shall establish an account for administering funds received as research grants under this section. The Superintendent shall use the funds in the account in accordance with applicable regulations and the terms and conditions of the grants received.
(e) Related Expenses.— 
Subject to such limitations as may be provided in appropriations Acts, appropriations available for the Academy may be used to pay expenses incurred by the Academy in applying for, and otherwise pursuing, award of a qualifying research grant.
(f) Regulations.— 
The Secretary of the Army shall prescribe regulations for the administration of this section.

10 USC 4359 - Mixed-funded athletic and recreational extracurricular programs: authority to manage appropriated funds in same manner as nonappropriated funds

(a) Authority.— 
In the case of an Academy mixed-funded athletic or recreational extracurricular program, the Secretary of the Army may designate funds appropriated to the Department of the Army and available for that program to be treated as nonappropriated funds and expended for that program in accordance with laws applicable to the expenditure of nonappropriated funds. Appropriated funds so designated shall be considered to be nonappropriated funds for all purposes and shall remain available until expended.
(b) Covered Programs.— 
In this section, the term Academy mixed-funded athletic or recreational extracurricular program means an athletic or recreational extracurricular program of the Academy to which each of the following applies:
(1) The program is not considered a morale, welfare, or recreation program.
(2) The program is supported through appropriated funds.
(3) The program is supported by a nonappropriated fund instrumentality.
(4) The program is not a private organization and is not operated by a private organization.

10 USC 4360 - Cadets: charges and fees for attendance; limitation

(a) Prohibition.— 
Except as provided in subsection (b), no charge or fee for tuition, room, or board for attendance at the Academy may be imposed unless the charge or fee is specifically authorized by a law enacted after October 5, 1994.
(b) Exception.— 
The prohibition specified in subsection (a) does not apply with respect to any item or service provided to cadets for which a charge or fee is imposed as of October 5, 1994. The Secretary of Defense shall notify Congress of any change made by the Academy in the amount of a charge or fee authorized under this subsection.

10 USC 4361 - Policy on sexual harassment and sexual violence

(a) Required Policy.— 
Under guidance prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the Army shall direct the Superintendent of the Academy to prescribe a policy on sexual harassment and sexual violence applicable to the cadets and other personnel of the Academy.
(b) Matters To Be Specified in Policy.— 
The policy on sexual harassment and sexual violence prescribed under this section shall include specification of the following:
(1) Programs to promote awareness of the incidence of rape, acquaintance rape, and other sexual offenses of a criminal nature that involve cadets or other Academy personnel.
(2) Procedures that a cadet should follow in the case of an occurrence of sexual harassment or sexual violence, including
(A) if the cadet chooses to report an occurrence of sexual harassment or sexual violence, a specification of the person or persons to whom the alleged offense should be reported and the options for confidential reporting;
(B) a specification of any other person whom the victim should contact; and
(C) procedures on the preservation of evidence potentially necessary for proof of criminal sexual assault.
(3) Procedures for disciplinary action in cases of alleged criminal sexual assault involving a cadet or other Academy personnel.
(4) Any other sanction authorized to be imposed in a substantiated case of sexual harassment or sexual violence involving a cadet or other Academy personnel in rape, acquaintance rape, or any other criminal sexual offense, whether forcible or nonforcible.
(5) Required training on the policy for all cadets and other Academy personnel, including the specific training required for personnel who process allegations of sexual harassment or sexual violence involving Academy personnel.
(c) Annual Assessment.— 

(1) The Secretary of Defense, through the Secretary of the Army, shall direct the Superintendent to conduct at the Academy during each Academy program year an assessment, to be administered by the Department of Defense, to determine the effectiveness of the policies, training, and procedures of the Academy with respect to sexual harassment and sexual violence involving Academy personnel.
(2) For the assessment at the Academy under paragraph (1) with respect to an Academy program year that begins in an odd-numbered calendar year, the Secretary of the Army shall conduct a survey, to be administered by the Department of Defense, of Academy personnel
(A) to measure
(i) the incidence, during that program year, of sexual harassment and sexual violence events, on or off the Academy reservation, that have been reported to officials of the Academy; and
(ii) the incidence, during that program year, of sexual harassment and sexual violence events, on or off the Academy reservation, that have not been reported to officials of the Academy; and
(B) to assess the perceptions of Academy personnel of
(i) the policies, training, and procedures on sexual harassment and sexual violence involving Academy personnel;
(ii) the enforcement of such policies;
(iii) the incidence of sexual harassment and sexual violence involving Academy personnel; and
(iv) any other issues relating to sexual harassment and sexual violence involving Academy personnel.
(d) Annual Report.— 

(1) The Secretary of the Army shall direct the Superintendent of the Academy to submit to the Secretary a report on sexual harassment and sexual violence involving cadets or other personnel at the Academy for each Academy program year.
(2) Each report under paragraph (1) shall include, for the Academy program year covered by the report, the following:
(A) The number of sexual assaults, rapes, and other sexual offenses involving cadets or other Academy personnel that have been reported to Academy officials during the program year and, of those reported cases, the number that have been substantiated.
(B) The policies, procedures, and processes implemented by the Secretary of the Army and the leadership of the Academy in response to sexual harassment and sexual violence involving cadets or other Academy personnel during the program year.
(C) A plan for the actions that are to be taken in the following Academy program year regarding prevention of and response to sexual harassment and sexual violence involving cadets or other Academy personnel.
(3) Each report under paragraph (1) for an Academy program year that begins in an odd-numbered calendar year shall include the results of the survey conducted in that program year under subsection (c)(2).
(4) 
(A) The Secretary of the Army shall transmit to the Secretary of Defense, and to the Board of Visitors of the Academy, each report received by the Secretary under this subsection, together with the Secretarys comments on the report.
(B) The Secretary of Defense shall transmit each such report, together with the Secretarys comments on the report, to the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives.

[CHAPTER 405 - REPEALED]

4381 to 4387. Repealed. Pub. L. 88647, title III, 301(10), Oct. 13, 1964, 78 Stat. 1072]

Sections, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 246248, related to the Reserve Officers Training Corps and defined advanced training, provided for its establishment and composition, admission and training of medical, dental pharmacy and veterinary students, set out courses of training, authorized the operation and maintenance of training camps, provided for supplies and uniforms and for advanced training and compensation therefor. See chapter 103 of this title. Section 4384 was amended by Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(104), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1489.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 407 - SCHOOLS AND CAMPS

10 USC 4411 - Establishment: purpose

The Secretary of the Army may maintain schools and camps for the military instruction and training of persons selected, upon their application, from warrant officers and enlisted members of the Army and civilians, to qualify them for appointment as reserve officers, or enlistment as reserve noncommissioned officers, for service in the Army Reserve.

10 USC 4412 - Operation

In maintaining schools and camps established under section 4411 of this title, the Secretary of the Army may
(1) prescribe the periods during which they will be operated;
(2) prescribe regulations for their administration;
(3) prescribe the courses to be taught;
(4) detail members of the Regular Army to designated duties relating to the camps;
(5) use necessary supplies and transportation;
(6) furnish uniforms, subsistence, and medical attendance and supplies to persons attending the camps; and
(7) authorize necessary expenditures from proper Army funds for
(A) water;
(B) fuel;
(C) light;
(D) temporary structures, except barracks and officers quarters;
(E) screening;
(F) damages resulting from field exercises;
(G) expenses incident to theoretical winter instruction of trainees; and
(H) other expenses incident to maintaining the camps.

10 USC 4413 - Transportation and subsistence during travel

(a) There may be furnished to a person attending a school or camp established under section 4411 of this title, for travel to and from that school or camp
(1) transportation and subsistence;
(2) transportation in kind and a subsistence allowance of one cent a mile; or
(3) a travel allowance of five cents a mile.
(b) The travel allowance for the return trip may be paid in advance.
(c) For the purposes of this section, distance is computed by the shortest usually traveled route, within such territorial limits as the Secretary of the Army may prescribe, from the authorized starting point to the school or camp and return.

10 USC 4414 - Quartermaster and ordnance property: sales

The Secretary of the Army may sell to a person attending a school or camp established under section 4411 of this title quartermaster and ordnance property necessary for his proper equipment. Sales under this section shall be for cash.

10 USC 4415 - Repealed. Pub. L. 106398, 1 [[div. A], title IX, 911(b)], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A228]

Section, added Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title III, 319(a)(1), Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1077; amended Pub. L. 100–526, title I, § 106(c), Oct. 24, 1988, 102 Stat. 2625, related to United States Army School of the Americas.

10 USC 4416 - Academy of Health Sciences: admission of civilians in physician assistant training program

(a) In General.— 
The Secretary of the Army may, pursuant to an agreement entered into with an accredited institution of higher education
(1) permit students of the institution to attend the didactic portion of the physician assistant training program conducted by the Army Medical Department at the Academy of Health Sciences at Fort Sam Houston, Texas; and
(2) accept from the institution academic services to support the physician assistant training program at the Academy.
(b) Agreement for Exchange of Services.— 
An agreement entered into with an institution of higher education under this section shall require the institution, in exchange for services provided under paragraph (1) of subsection (a), to provide academic services described in paragraph (2) of such subsection that the Secretary and authorized representatives of the institution consider appropriate.
(c) Selection of Students.— 
In consultation with the authorized representatives of the institution of higher education concerned, the Secretary shall prescribe the qualifications and methods of selection for students of the institution to receive instruction at the Academy under this section. The qualifications shall be comparable to those generally required for admission to the physician assistant training program at the Academy.
(d) Rules of Attendance.— 
Except as the Secretary determines necessary, a student who receives instruction at the Academy under this section shall be subject to the same regulations governing attendance, discipline, discharge, and dismissal as apply to other persons attending the Academy.
(e) Limitations.— 
The Secretary shall ensure the following:
(1) That the Army Medical Department, in carrying out an agreement under this section, does not incur costs in excess of the costs that the department would incur to obtain, by means other than the agreement, academic services that are comparable to those provided by the institution pursuant to the agreement.
(2) That attendance of civilian students at the Academy under this section does not cause a decrease in the number of members of the armed forces enrolled in the physician assistant training program at the Academy.

10 USC 4417 - United States Army War College: acceptance of grants for faculty research for scientific, literary, and educational purposes

(a) Acceptance of Research Grants.— 
The Secretary of the Army may authorize the Commandant of the United States Army War College to accept qualifying research grants. Any such grant may only be accepted if the work under the grant is to be carried out by a professor or instructor of the College for a scientific, literary, or educational purpose.
(b) Qualifying Grants.— 
A qualifying research grant under this section is a grant that is awarded on a competitive basis by an entity referred to in subsection (c) for a research project with a scientific, literary, or educational purpose.
(c) Entities From Which Grants May Be Accepted.— 
A grant may be accepted under this section only from a corporation, fund, foundation, educational institution, or similar entity that is organized and operated primarily for scientific, literary, or educational purposes.
(d) Administration of Grant Funds.— 
The Secretary shall establish an account for administering funds received as research grants under this section. The Commandant shall use the funds in the account in accordance with applicable provisions of the regulations and the terms and condition of the grants received.
(e) Related Expenses.— 
Subject to such limitations as may be provided in appropriations Acts, appropriations available for the Army War College may be used to pay expenses incurred by the College in applying for, and otherwise pursuing, the award of qualifying research grants.
(f) Regulations.— 
The Secretary shall prescribe regulations for the administration of this section.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - PART IV - SERVICE, SUPPLY, AND PROCUREMENT

[CHAPTER 431 - REPEALED]

4501 to 4508. Repealed. Pub. L. 103160, div. A, title VIII, 822(a)(2), (b)(3), (c)(2), 823(1), 827(c), 828(c)(6), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 17051707, 1713, 1714]

Section 4501, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 251, related to industrial mobilization by the President in time of war. See section 2538 of this title. Section 4502, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 252, related to maintenance by Secretary of the Army of lists of plants equipped to manufacture arms or ammunition and of plants convertible into ammunition factories and provided for a Board on Mobilization of Industries Essential for Military Preparedness. See sections 2539 and 2539a of this title. Section 4503, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 252, related to research and development programs of the Army. Section 4504, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 252, related to procurement of ordnance, signal, and chemical warfare supplies for experimental purposes by Secretary of the Army. See section 2373 of this title. Section 4505, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 252, related to procurement by Secretary of the Army of production equipment. Section 4506, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 253, related to sale, loan, or gift of samples, drawings, and information to contractors. Section 4507, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 253, related to sale of ordnance and ordnance stores to designers. Section 4508, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 253; Nov. 2, 1966, Pub. L. 89–718, § 27, 80 Stat. 1119, related tests of iron, steel, and other materials.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 433 - PROCUREMENT

10 USC 4531 - Repealed. Pub. L. 103160, div. A, title VIII, 823(2), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1707]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 253, authorized Secretary of the Army to procure materials and facilities necessary to maintain and support the Army.

10 USC 4532 - Factories and arsenals: manufacture at; abolition of

(a) The Secretary of the Army shall have supplies needed for the Department of the Army made in factories or arsenals owned by the United States, so far as those factories or arsenals can make those supplies on an economical basis.
(b) The Secretary may abolish any United States arsenal that he considers unnecessary.

4533 to 4535. Repealed. Pub. L. 103160, div. A, title VIII, 823(3)(5), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1707]

Section 4533, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 254, related to purchases of army rations. Section 4534, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 254, related to subsistence supplies, contract stipulations, and place of delivery on inspection. Section 4535, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 254, provided that exceptional subsistence supplies could be purchased without advertising.

10 USC 4536 - Equipment: post bakeries, schools, kitchens, and mess halls

Money necessary for the following items for the use of enlisted members of the Army may be spent from appropriations for regular supplies:
(1) Equipment for post bakeries.
(2) Furniture, textbooks, paper, and equipment for post schools.
(3) Tableware and mess furniture for kitchens and mess halls.

4537, 4538. Repealed. Pub. L. 103160, div. A, title VIII, 823(6), (7), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1707]

Section 4537, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 254; Nov. 2, 1966, Pub. L. 89–718, § 8(a), 80 Stat. 1117; Dec. 12, 1980, Pub. L. 96–513, title V, § 512(14), 94 Stat. 2930, authorized Secretary of the Army to obtain assistance of United States mapping agencies in making and developing military surveys and maps. Section 4538, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 255; Dec. 12, 1980, Pub. L. 96–513, title V, § 512(15), 94 Stat. 2930, related to exchange and reclamation of unserviceable ammunition.

10 USC 4539 - Repealed. Pub. L. 91482, 1(a), Oct. 21, 1970, 84 Stat. 1082]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 255, provided for purchase of horses and mules in open market at Army posts, within maximum prices prescribed by Secretary of the Army.

10 USC 4540 - Architectural and engineering services

(a) Whenever he considers that it is advantageous to the national defense and that existing facilities of the Department of the Army are inadequate, the Secretary of the Army may, by contract or otherwise, employ the architectural or engineering services of any person outside that Department for producing and delivering designs, plans, drawings, and specifications needed for any public works or utilities project of the Department.
(b) The fee for any service under this section may not be more than 6 percent of the estimated cost, as determined by the Secretary, of the project to which it applies.
(c) Sections 305, 3324, and 7204, chapter 51Sections 305, 3324, and 7204, chapter 51, and subchapters III, IV, and VI of chapter 53 of title 5 do not apply to employment under this section.

10 USC 4541 - Army arsenals: treatment of unutilized or underutilized plant-capacity costs

(a) Estimate of Costs.— 
The Secretary of the Army shall include in the budget justification documents submitted to Congress in support of the Presidents budget for a fiscal year submitted under section 1105 of title 31 an estimate of the funds to be required in that fiscal year to cover unutilized and underutilized plant-capacity costs at Army arsenals.
(b) Use of Funds.— 
Funds appropriated to the Secretary of the Army for a fiscal year to cover unutilized and underutilized plant-capacity costs at Army arsenals shall be used in such fiscal year only for such costs.
(c) Treatment of Costs.— 

(1) The Secretary of the Army shall not include unutilized and underutilized plant-capacity costs when evaluating the bid of an Army arsenal for purposes of the arsenals contracting to provide a good or service to a Government agency.
(2) When an Army arsenal is serving as a subcontractor to a private-sector entity with respect to a good or service to be provided to a Government agency, the cost charged by the arsenal shall not include unutilized and underutilized plant-capacity costs that are funded by a direct appropriation.
(d) Definitions.— 
In this section:
(1) The term Army arsenal means a Government-owned, Government-operated defense plant of the Department of the Army that manufactures weapons, weapon components, or both.
(2) The term unutilized and underutilized plant-capacity costs means the costs associated with operating and maintaining the facilities and equipment of an Army arsenal that the Secretary of the Army determines are required to be kept for mobilization needs, in those months in which the facilities and equipment are not used or are used only 20 percent or less of available work days.

10 USC 4542 - Technical data packages for large-caliber cannon: prohibition on transfers to foreign countries; exception

(a) General Rule.— 
Funds appropriated to the Department of Defense may not be used
(1) to transfer to a foreign country a technical data package for a defense item being manufactured or developed in an arsenal; or
(2) to assist a foreign country in producing such a defense item.
(b) Exception.— 
The Secretary of the Army may use funds appropriated to the Department of Defense to transfer a technical data package, or to provide assistance, described in subsection (a) if
(1) the transfer or provision of assistance is to a friendly foreign country (as determined by the Secretary of Defense in consultation with the Secretary of State);
(2) the Secretary of the Army determines that such action
(A) would have a clear benefit to the preservation of the production base for the production of cannon at the arsenal concerned; and
(B) would not transfer technology (including production techniques) considered unique to the arsenal concerned, except as provided in subsection (e); and
(3) the Secretary of Defense enters into an agreement with the country concerned described in subsection (c) or (d).
(c) Coproduction Agreements.— 
An agreement under this subsection shall be in the form of a Government-to-Government Memorandum of Understanding and shall include provisions that
(1) prescribe the content of the technical data package or assistance to be transferred to the foreign country participating in the agreement;
(2) require that production by the participating foreign country of the defense item to which the technical data package or assistance relates be shared with the arsenal concerned;
(3) subject to such exceptions as may be approved under subsection (f), prohibit transfer by the participating foreign country to a third party or country of
(A) any defense article, technical data package, technology, or assistance provided by the United States under the agreement; and
(B) any defense article produced by the participating foreign country under the agreement; and
(4) require the Secretary of Defense to monitor compliance with the agreement and the participating foreign country to report periodically to the Secretary of Defense concerning the agreement.
(d) Cooperative Project Agreements.— 
An agreement under this subsection is a cooperative project agreement under section 27 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2767) which includes provisions that
(1) for development phases describe the technical data to be transferred and for the production phase prescribe the content of the technical data package or assistance to be transferred to the foreign country participating in the agreement;
(2) require that at least the United States production of the defense item to which the technical data package or assistance relates be carried out by the arsenal concerned; and
(3) require the Secretary of Defense to monitor compliance with the agreement.
(e) Licensing Fees and Royalties.— 
The limitation in subsection (b)(2)(B) shall not apply if the technology (or production technique) transferred is subject to nonexclusive license and payment of any negotiated licensing fee or royalty that reflects the cost of development, implementation, and prove-out of the technology or production technique. Any negotiated license fee or royalty shall be placed in the operating fund of the arsenal concerned for the purpose of capital investment and technology development at that arsenal.
(f) Transfers to Third Parties.— 
A transfer described in subsection (c)(3) may be made if
(1) the defense article, technical data package, or technology to be transferred is a product of a cooperative research and development program or a cooperative project in which the United States and the participating foreign country were partners; or
(2) the President
(A) complies with all requirements of section 3(d) of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2753 (d)) with respect to such transfer; and
(B) certifies to Congress, before the transfer, that the transfer would provide a clear benefit to the production base of the United States for large-caliber cannon.
(g) Notice and Reports to Congress.— 

(1) The Secretary of the Army shall submit to Congress a notice of each agreement entered into under this section.
(2) The Secretary shall submit to Congress a semi-annual report on the operation of this section and of agreements entered into under this section.
(h) Arsenal Defined.— 
In this section, the term arsenal means a Government-owned, Government-operated defense plant that manufactures large-caliber cannon.

10 USC 4543 - Army industrial facilities: sales of manufactured articles or services outside Department of Defense

(a) Authority To Sell Outside DOD.— 
Regulations under section 2208 (h) of this title shall authorize a working-capital funded Army industrial facility (including a Department of the Army arsenal) that manufactures large caliber cannons, gun mounts, recoil mechanisms, ammunition, munitions, or components thereof to sell manufactured articles or services to a person outside the Department of Defense if
(1) in the case of an article, the article is sold to a United States manufacturer, assembler, developer, or other concern
(A) for use in developing new products;
(B) for incorporation into items to be sold to, or to be used in a contract with, an agency of the United States;
(C) for incorporation into items to be sold to, or to be used in a contract with, or to be used for purposes of soliciting a contract with, a friendly foreign government; or
(D) for use in commercial products;
(2) in the case of an article, the purchaser is determined by the Department of Defense to be qualified to carry out the proposed work involving the article to be purchased;
(3) the sale is to be made on a basis that does not interfere with performance of work by the facility for the Department of Defense or for a contractor of the Department of Defense;
(4) in the case of services, the services are related to an article authorized to be sold under this section and are to be performed in the United States for the purchaser;
(5) the Secretary of the Army determines that the articles or services are not available from a commercial source located in the United States;
(6) the purchaser of an article or service agrees to hold harmless and indemnify the United States, except in a case of willful misconduct or gross negligence, from any claim for damages or injury to any person or property arising out of the article or service;
(7) the article to be sold can be manufactured, or the service to be sold can be substantially performed, by the industrial facility with only incidental subcontracting;
(8) it is in the public interest to manufacture such article or perform such service; and
(9) the sale will not interfere with performance of the military mission of the industrial facility.
(b) Additional Requirements.— 
The regulations shall also
(1) require that the authority to sell articles or services under the regulations be exercised at the level of the commander of the major subordinate command of the Army with responsibility over the facility concerned;
(2) authorize a purchaser of articles or services to use advance incremental funding to pay for the articles or services; and
(3) in the case of a sale of commercial articles or commercial services in accordance with subsection (a) by a facility that manufactures large caliber cannons, gun mounts, or recoil mechanisms, or components thereof, authorize such facility
(A) to charge the buyer, at a minimum, the variable costs that are associated with the commercial articles or commercial services sold;
(B) to enter into a firm, fixed-price contract or, if agreed by the buyer, a cost reimbursement contract for the sale; and
(C) to develop and maintain (from sources other than appropriated funds) working capital to be available for paying design costs, planning costs, procurement costs, and other costs associated with the commercial articles or commercial services sold.
(c) Relationship to Arms Export Control Act.— 
Nothing in this section shall be construed to affect the application of the export controls provided for in section 38 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2778) to items which incorporate or are produced through the use of an article sold under this section.
(d) Definitions.— 
In this section:
(1) The term commercial article means an article that is usable for a nondefense purpose.
(2) The term commercial service means a service that is usable for a nondefense purpose.
(3) The term advance incremental funding, with respect to a sale of articles or services, means a series of partial payments for the articles or services that includes
(A) one or more partial payments before the commencement of work or the incurring of costs in connection with the production of the articles or the performance of the services, as the case may be; and
(B) subsequent progress payments that result in full payment being completed as the required work is being completed.
(4) The term variable costs, with respect to sales of articles or services, means the costs that are expected to fluctuate directly with the volume of sales and
(A) in the case of articles, the volume of production necessary to satisfy the sales orders; or
(B) in the case of services, the extent of the services sold.

10 USC 4544 - Army industrial facilities: cooperative activities with non-Army entities

(a) Cooperative Arrangements Authorized.— 
A working-capital funded Army industrial facility may enter into a contract or other cooperative arrangement with a non-Army entity to carry out with the non-Army entity a military or commercial project described in subsection (b), subject to the conditions prescribed in subsection (c). This authority may be used to enter into not more than eight contracts or cooperative agreements.
(b) Authorized Activities.— 
A cooperative arrangement entered into by an Army industrial facility under subsection (a) may provide for any of the following activities:
(1) The sale of articles manufactured by the facility or services performed by the facility to persons outside the Department of the Army.
(2) The performance of work by a non-Army entity at the facility.
(3) The performance of work by the facility for a non-Army entity.
(4) The sharing of work by the facility and a non-Army entity.
(5) The leasing, or use under a facilities use contract or otherwise, of the facility (including excess capacity) or equipment (including excess equipment) of the facility by a non-Army entity.
(6) The preparation and submission of joint offers by the facility and a non-Army entity for competitive procurements entered into with Federal agency.
(c) Conditions.— 
An activity authorized by subsection (b) may be carried out at an Army industrial facility under a cooperative arrangement entered into under subsection (a) only under the following conditions:
(1) In the case of an article to be manufactured or services to be performed by the facility, the articles can be substantially manufactured, or the services can be substantially performed, by the facility without subcontracting for more than incidental performance.
(2) The activity does not interfere with performance of
(A) work by the facility for the Department of Defense; or
(B) a military mission of the facility.
(3) The activity meets one of the following objectives:
(A) Maximized utilization of the capacity of the facility.
(B) Reduction or elimination of the cost of ownership of the facility.
(C) Reduction in the cost of manufacturing or maintaining Department of Defense products at the facility.
(D) Preservation of skills or equipment related to a core competency of the facility.
(4) The non-Army entity agrees to hold harmless and indemnify the United States from any liability or claim for damages or injury to any person or property arising out of the activity, including any damages or injury arising out of a decision by the Secretary of the Army or the Secretary of Defense to suspend or terminate an activity, or any portion thereof, during a war or national emergency or to require the facility to perform other work or provide other services on a priority basis, except
(A) in any case of willful misconduct or gross negligence; and
(B) in the case of a claim by a purchaser of articles or services under this section that damages or injury arose from the failure of the United States to comply with quality, schedule, or cost performance requirements in the contract to carry out the activity.
(d) Arrangement Methods and Authorities.— 
To establish a cooperative arrangement under subsection (a) with a non-Army entity, the approval authority described in subsection (f) for an Army industrial facility may
(1) enter into a firm, fixed-price contract (or, if agreed to by the non-Army entity, a cost reimbursement contract) for a sale of articles or services or use of equipment or facilities;
(2) enter into a multiyear contract for a period not to exceed five years, unless a longer period is specifically authorized by law;
(3) charge the non-Army entity the amounts necessary to recover the full costs of the articles or services provided, including capital improvement costs, and equipment depreciation costs associated with providing the articles, services, equipment, or facilities;
(4) authorize the non-Army entity to use incremental funding to pay for the articles, services, or use of equipment or facilities; and
(5) accept payment-in-kind.
(e) Proceeds Credited to Working Capital Fund.— 
The proceeds received from the sale of an article or service pursuant to a contract or other cooperative arrangement under this section shall be credited to the working capital fund that incurs the cost of manufacturing the article or performing the service.
(f) Approval Authority.— 
The authority of an Army industrial facility to enter into a cooperative arrangement under subsection (a) shall be exercised at the level of the commander of the major subordinate command of the Army that has responsibility for the facility. The commander may approve such an arrangement on a case-by-case basis or a class basis.
(g) Commercial Sales.— 
Except in the case of work performed for the Department of Defense, for a contract of the Department of Defense, for foreign military sales, or for authorized foreign direct commercial sales (defense articles or defense services sold to a foreign government or international organization under export controls), a sale of articles or services may be made under this section only if the approval authority described in subsection (f) determines that the articles or services are not available from a commercial source located in the United States in the required quantity or quality, or within the time required.
(h) Exclusion From Depot-Level Maintenance and Repair Percentage Limitation.— 
Amounts expended for the performance of a depot-level maintenance and repair workload by non-Federal Government personnel at an Army industrial facility shall not be counted for purposes of applying the percentage limitation in section 2466 (a) of this title if the personnel are provided by a non-Army entity pursuant to a cooperative arrangement entered into under subsection (a).
(i) Relationship to Other Laws.— 
Nothing in this section shall be construed to affect the application of
(1) foreign military sales and the export controls provided for in sections 30 and 38 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2770 and 2778) to activities of a cooperative arrangement entered into under subsection (a); and
(2) section 2667 of this title to leases of non-excess property in the administration of such an arrangement.
(j) Definitions.— 
In this section:
(1) The term Army industrial facility includes an ammunition plant, an arsenal, a depot, and a manufacturing plant.
(2) The term non-Army entity includes the following:
(A) A Federal agency (other than the Department of the Army).
(B) An entity in industry or commercial sales.
(C) A State or political subdivision of a State.
(D) An institution of higher education or vocational training institution.
(3) The term incremental funding means a series of partial payments that
(A) are made as the work on manufacture or articles is being performed or services are being performed or equipment or facilities are used, as the case may be; and
(B) result in full payment being completed as the required work is being completed.
(4) The term full costs, with respect to articles or services provided under a cooperative arrangement entered into under subsection (a), means the variable costs and the fixed costs that are directly related to the production of the articles or the provision of the services.
(5) The term variable costs means the costs that are expected to fluctuate directly with the volume of sales or services provided or the use of equipment or facilities.
(k) Expiration of Authority.— 
The authority to enter into a cooperative arrangement under subsection (a) expires September 30, 2014.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 434 - ARMAMENTS INDUSTRIAL BASE

10 USC 4551 - Definitions

In this chapter:
(1) The term ARMS Initiative means the Armament Retooling and Manufacturing Support Initiative authorized by this chapter.
(2) The term eligible facility means a Government-owned, contractor-operated ammunition manufacturing facility, or a Government-owned, contractor-operated depot for the storage, maintenance, renovation, or demilitarization of ammunition, of the Department of the Army that is in an active, inactive, layaway, or caretaker status.
(3) The term property manager includes any person or entity managing an eligible facility made available under the ARMS Initiative through a property management contract.
(4) The term property management contract includes facility use contracts, site management contracts, leases, and other agreements entered into under the authority of this chapter.
(5) The term Secretary means the Secretary of the Army.

10 USC 4552 - Policy

It is the policy of the United States
(1) to encourage, to the maximum extent practicable, commercial firms to use Government-owned, contractor-operated ammunition manufacturing, storage, maintenance, renovation, and demilitarization facilities of the Department of the Army;
(2) to use such facilities for supporting programs, projects, policies, and initiatives that promote competition in the private sector of the United States economy and that advance United States interests in the global marketplace;
(3) to increase the manufacture of products inside the United States;
(4) to support policies and programs that provide manufacturers with incentives to assist the United States in making more efficient and economical use of eligible facilities for commercial purposes;
(5) to provide, as appropriate, small businesses (including socially and economically disadvantaged small business concerns and new small businesses) with incentives that encourage those businesses to undertake manufacturing and other industrial processing activities that contribute to the prosperity of the United States;
(6) to encourage the creation of jobs through increased investment in the private sector of the United States economy;
(7) to foster a more efficient, cost-effective, and adaptable armaments industry in the United States;
(8) to achieve, with respect to armaments manufacturing, storage, maintenance, renovation, and demilitarization capacity, an optimum level of readiness of the national technology and industrial base within the United States that is consistent with the projected threats to the national security of the United States and the projected emergency requirements of the armed forces; and
(9) to encourage facility use contracting where feasible.

10 USC 4553 - Armament Retooling and Manufacturing Support Initiative

(a) Authority for Initiative.— 
The Secretary may carry out a program to be known as the Armament Retooling and Manufacturing Support Initiative.
(b) Purposes.— 
The purposes of the ARMS Initiative are as follows:
(1) To encourage commercial firms, to the maximum extent practicable, to use eligible facilities for commercial purposes.
(2) To increase the opportunities for small businesses (including socially and economically disadvantaged small business concerns and new small businesses) to use eligible facilities for those purposes.
(3) To maintain in the United States a work force having the skills necessary to meet industrial emergency planned requirements for national security purposes.
(4) To demonstrate innovative business practices, to support Department of Defense acquisition reform, and to serve as both a model and a laboratory for future defense conversion initiatives of the Department of Defense.
(5) To the maximum extent practicable, to allow the operation of eligible facilities to be rapidly responsive to the forces of free market competition.
(6) To reduce or eliminate the cost of Government ownership of eligible facilities, including the costs of operations and maintenance, the costs of environmental remediation, and other costs.
(7) To reduce the cost of products of the Department of Defense produced at eligible facilities.
(8) To leverage private investment at eligible facilities through long-term facility use contracts, property management contracts, leases, or other agreements that support and advance the policies and purposes of this chapter, for the following activities:
(A) Recapitalization of plant and equipment.
(B) Environmental remediation.
(C) Promotion of commercial business ventures.
(D) Other activities approved by the Secretary.
(9) To foster cooperation between the Department of the Army, property managers, commercial interests, and State and local agencies in the implementation of sustainable development strategies and investment in eligible facilities made available for purposes of the ARMS Initiative.
(10) To reduce or eliminate the cost of asset disposal that would be incurred if property at an eligible facility was declared excess to the needs of the Department of the Army.
(c) Availability of Facilities.— 
The Secretary may make any eligible facility available for the purposes of the ARMS Initiative.
(d) Consideration for Leases.— 
Section 1302 of title 40 shall not apply to uses of property or facilities in accordance with the ARMS Initiative.
(e) Program Support.— 

(1) Funds appropriated for purposes of the ARMS Initiative may be used for administrative support and management.
(2) A full annual accounting of such expenses for each fiscal year shall be provided to the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate and the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives not later than March 30 of the following fiscal year.

10 USC 4554 - Property management contracts and leases

(a) In General.— 
In the case of each eligible facility that is made available for the ARMS Initiative, the Secretary
(1) shall make full use of facility use contracts, leases, and other such commercial contractual instruments as may be appropriate;
(2) shall evaluate, on the basis of efficiency, cost, emergency mobilization requirements, and the goals and purposes of the ARMS Initiative, the procurement of services from the property manager, including maintenance, operation, modification, infrastructure, environmental restoration and remediation, and disposal of ammunition manufacturing assets, and other services; and
(3) may, in carrying out paragraphs (1) and (2)
(A) enter into contracts, and provide for subcontracts, for terms up to 25 years, as the Secretary considers appropriate and consistent with the needs of the Department of the Army and the goals and purposes of the ARMS Initiative; and
(B) use procedures that are authorized to be used under section 2304 (c)(5) of this title when the contractor or subcontractor is a source specified in law.
(b) Consideration for Use.— 

(1) To the extent provided in a contract entered into under this section for the use of property at an eligible facility that is accountable under the contract, the Secretary may accept consideration for such use that is, in whole or in part, in a form other than
(A) rental payments; or
(B) revenue generated at the facility.
(2) Forms of consideration acceptable under paragraph (1) for a use of an eligible facility or any property at an eligible facility include the following:
(A) The improvement, maintenance, protection, repair, and restoration of the facility, the property, or any property within the boundaries of the installation where the facility is located.
(B) Reductions in overhead costs.
(C) Reductions in product cost.
(D) The demilitarization and storage of conventional ammunition.
(3) The authority under paragraph (1) may be exercised without regard to section 3302 (b) of title 31 and any other provision of law.

10 USC 4555 - ARMS Initiative loan guarantee program

(a) Program Authorized.— 
Subject to subsection (b), the Secretary may carry out a loan guarantee program to encourage commercial firms to use eligible facilities under this chapter. Under any such program, the Secretary may guarantee the repayment of any loan made to a commercial firm to fund, in whole or in part, the establishment of a commercial activity to use an eligible facility under this chapter.
(b) Advanced Budget Authority.— 
Loan guarantees under this section may not be committed except to the extent that appropriations of budget authority to cover their costs are made in advance, as required by section 504 of the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990 (2 U.S.C. 661c).
(c) Program Administration.— 

(1) The Secretary may enter into an agreement with any of the officials named in paragraph (2) under which that official may, for the purposes of this section
(A) process applications for loan guarantees;
(B) guarantee repayment of loans; and
(C) provide any other services to the Secretary to administer the loan guarantee program.
(2) The officials referred to in paragraph (1) are as follows:
(A) The Administrator of the Small Business Administration.
(B) The head of any appropriate agency in the Department of Agriculture, including
(i) the Administrator of the Farmers Home Administration; and
(ii) the Administrator of the Rural Development Administration.
(3) Each official authorized to do so under an agreement entered into under paragraph (1) may guarantee loans under this section to commercial firms of any size, notwithstanding any limitations on the size of applicants imposed on other loan guarantee programs that the official administers.
(4) To the extent practicable, each official processing loan guarantee applications under this section pursuant to an agreement entered into under paragraph (1) shall use the same processing procedures as the official uses for processing loan guarantee applications under other loan guarantee programs that the official administers.
(d) Loan Limits.— 
The maximum amount of loan principal guaranteed during a fiscal year under this section may not exceed
(1) $20,000,000, with respect to any single borrower; and
(2) $320,000,000 with respect to all borrowers.
(e) Transfer of Funds.— 
The Secretary may transfer to an official providing services under subsection (c), and that official may accept, such funds as may be necessary to administer the loan guarantee program under this section.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 435 - ISSUE OF SERVICEABLE MATERIAL TO ARMED FORCES

10 USC 4561 - Rations

(a) The President may prescribe the components, and the quantities thereof, of the Army ration. He may direct the issue of equivalent articles in place of the prescribed components whenever, in his opinion, economy and the health and comfort of the members of the Army so require.
(b) Under the direction of the Secretary of the Army, the branch, office, or officer designated by him shall issue the components of the Army ration.
(c) An enlisted member of the Army on active duty is entitled to one ration daily. The emergency ration, when issued, is in addition to the regular ration.
(d) Fresh or preserved fruits, milk, butter, and eggs necessary for the proper diet of the sick in hospitals shall be provided under regulations prescribed by the Surgeon General and approved by the Secretary.

10 USC 4562 - Clothing

The President may prescribe the quantity and kind of clothing to be issued annually to members of the Army.

10 USC 4563 - Clothing: replacement when destroyed to prevent contagion

Upon the recommendation of the Surgeon General, the Secretary of the Army may order a gratuitous issue of clothing to any enlisted member of the Army who has had a contagious disease, and to any hospital attendant who attended him while he had that disease, to replace clothing destroyed by order of an officer of the Medical Corps to prevent contagion.

10 USC 4564 - Navy and Marine Corps: camp equipment and transportation; when on shore duty with Army

While any detachment of the Navy or Marine Corps is on shore duty in cooperation with troops of the Army, the officer of the Army designated by the Secretary of the Army shall, upon the requisition of the officer of the Navy or Marine Corps in command of the detachment, issue rations and camp equipment, and furnish transportation, to that detachment.

10 USC 4565 - Colors, standards, and guidons of demobilized organizations: disposition

(a) The Secretary of the Army may dispose of colors, standards, and guidons of demobilized organizations of the Army, as follows:
(1) Those brought into Federal service by the Army National Guard of a State may be returned to that State upon the request of its governor.
(2) Those that cannot be returned under clause (1) may, upon the request of its governor, be sent to the State that, as determined by the Secretary, furnished the majority of members of the organization when it was formed.

Those that cannot be returned or sent under clause (1) or (2) of this subsection shall be delivered to the Secretary for such national use as the Secretary may direct.

(b) Title to colors, standards, and guidons of demobilized organizations of the Army remains in the United States.
(c) No color, standard, or guidon may be disposed of under this section unless provision satisfactory to the Secretary has been made for its preservation and care.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 437 - UTILITIES AND SERVICES

10 USC 4591 - Utilities: proceeds from overseas operations

During actual or threatened hostilities, proceeds from operating a public utility in connection with operations of the Corps of Engineers in the field overseas are available for that utility until the close of the fiscal year following that in which they are received.

10 USC 4592 - Radiograms and telegrams: forwarding charges due connecting commercial facilities

In the operation of telegraph lines, cables, or radio stations, members of the Signal Corps may, in the discretion of the Secretary of the Army, collect forwarding charges due connecting commercial telegraph or radio companies for sending radiograms or telegrams over their lines. Under such regulations as the Secretary may prescribe, they may present a voucher to a disbursing official for payment of the forwarding charge.

10 USC 4593 - Quarters: heat and light

The heat and light necessary for the authorized quarters of members of the Army shall be furnished at the expense of the United States.

10 USC 4594 - Furnishing of heraldic services

(a) Under regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary of the Army, an authority designated by him may, upon the request of, and subject to approval by, the Secretary of another military department, design flags, insignia, badges, medals, seals, decorations, guidons, streamers, finial pieces for flagstaffs, buttons, buckles, awards, trophies, marks, emblems, rosettes, scrolls, braids, ribbons, knots, tabs, cords, and similar items for the requesting department.
(b) Upon request the Secretary of the Army may advise other departments and agencies of the United States on matters of heraldry.
(c) The Secretary of the Army may prescribe regulations providing for reimbursement for services furnished under this section.

10 USC 4595 - Army Military History Institute: fee for providing historical information to the public

(a) Authority.— 
Except as provided in subsection (b), the Secretary of the Army may charge a person a fee for providing the person with information from the United States Army Military History Institute that is requested by that person.
(b) Exceptions.— 
A fee may not be charged under this section
(1) to a person for information that the person requests to carry out a duty as a member of the armed forces or an officer or employee of the United States; or
(2) for a release of information under section 552 of title 5.
(c) Limitation on Amount.— 
A fee charged for providing information under this section may not exceed the cost of providing the information.
(d) Retention of Fees.— 
Amounts received under subsection (a) for providing information in any fiscal year shall be credited to the appropriation or appropriations charged the costs of providing information to the public from the United States Army Military History Institute during that fiscal year.
(e) Definitions.— 
In this section:
(1) The term United States Army Military History Institute means the archive for historical records and materials of the Army that the Secretary of the Army designates as the primary archive for such records and materials.
(2) The terms officer of the United States and employee of the United States have the meanings given the terms officer and employee, respectively, in sections 2104 and 2105, respectively, of title 5.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 439 - SALE OF SERVICEABLE MATERIAL

10 USC 4621 - Quartermaster supplies: members of armed forces; veterans; executive or military departments and employees; prices

(a) The Secretary of the Army shall procure and sell, for cash or credit
(1) articles specified by the Secretary of the Army or a person designated by him, to members of the Army; and
(2) items of individual clothing and equipment, to officers of the Army, under such restrictions as the Secretary may proscribe.

An account of sales on credit shall be kept and the amount due reported to any branch, office, or officer designated by the Secretary. Except for articles and items acquired through the use of working capital funds under section 2208 of this title, sales of articles shall be at cost, and sales of individual clothing and equipment shall be at average current prices, including overhead, as determined by the Secretary.

(b) The Secretary shall sell subsistence supplies to members of other armed forces at the prices at which like property is sold to members of the Army.
(c) The Secretary may sell serviceable quartermaster property, other than subsistence supplies, to an officer of another armed force for his use in the service, in the same manner as these articles are sold to an officer of the Army.
(d) A person who has been discharged honorably or under honorable conditions from the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps and who is receiving care and medical treatment from the Public Health Service or the Department of Veterans Affairs may buy subsistence supplies and other supplies, except articles of uniform, at the prices at which like property is sold to a member of the Army.
(e) Under such conditions as the Secretary may prescribe, exterior articles of uniform may be sold to a person who has been discharged from the Army honorably or under honorable conditions, at the prices at which like articles are sold to members of the Army. This subsection does not modify section 772 or 773 of this title.
(f) Whenever, under regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary, subsistence supplies are furnished to any branch of the Army or sold to employees of any executive department other than the Department of Defense, payment shall be made in cash or by commercial credit.
(g) The Secretary may, by regulation, provide for the procurement and sale of stores designated by him to such civilian officers and employees of the United States, and such other persons, as he considers proper
(1) at military installations outside the United States; and
(2) at military installations inside the United States where he determines that it is impracticable for those civilian officers, employees, and persons to obtain those stores from private agencies without impairing the efficient operation of military activities.

However, sales to officers and employees inside the United States may be made only to those residing within military installations.

(h) Appropriations for subsistence of the Army may be applied to the purchase of subsistence supplies for sale to members of the Army on active duty for the use of themselves and their families.

10 USC 4622 - Rations: commissioned officers in field

Commissioned officers of the Army serving in the field may buy rations for their own use, on credit, from any officer designated by the Secretary of the Army. Amounts due for these purchases shall be reported monthly to the officer of the Army designated by the Secretary.

10 USC 4623 - Repealed. Pub. L. 91482, 1(a), Oct. 21, 1970, 84 Stat. 1082]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 258, provided that the Quartermaster Corps sell not more than 16 ounces of tobacco a month to an enlisted member of the Army on active duty who requests it.

10 USC 4624 - Medical supplies: civilian employees of the Army; American National Red Cross; Armed Forces Retirement Home

(a) Under regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary of the Army, a civilian employee of the Department of the Army who is stationed at an Army post may buy necessary medical supplies from the Army when they are prescribed by an officer of the Medical Corps on active duty.
(b) With the approval of the Secretary, the Army Medical Department may sell medical supplies to the American National Red Cross for cash.
(c) Any branch, office, or officer designated by the Secretary may sell medical and hospital supplies to the Armed Forces Retirement Home.

10 USC 4625 - Ordnance property: officers of armed forces; civilian employees of Army; American National Red Cross; educational institutions; homes for veterans orphans

(a) Any branch, office, or officer designated by the Secretary of the Army may sell articles of ordnance property to officers of other armed forces for their use in the service, in the same manner as those articles are sold to officers of the Army.
(b) Under such regulations as the Secretary may prescribe, ordnance stores may be sold to civilian employees of the Army and to the American National Red Cross.
(c) Articles of ordnance property may be sold to educational institutions and to State soldiers and sailors orphans homes for maintaining the ordnance and ordnance stores issued to those institutions and homes.

10 USC 4626 - Aircraft supplies and services: foreign military or air attache[=esc-AE1]

Under such conditions as he may prescribe, the Secretary of the Army may provide for the sale of fuel, oil, and other supplies for use in aircraft operated by a foreign military or air attache accredited to the United States, and for the furnishing of mechanical service and other assistance to such aircraft. Shelter may be furnished to such aircraft, but only without charge.

10 USC 4627 - Supplies: educational institutions

Under such regulations as the Secretary of the Army may prescribe, supplies and military publications procured for the Army may be sold to any educational institution to which an officer of the Army is detailed as professor of military science and tactics, for the use of its military students. Sales under this section shall be for cash.

10 USC 4628 - Airplane parts and accessories: civilian flying schools

The Secretary of the Army may sell, to civilian flying schools at which personnel of the Department of the Army or the Department of the Air Force are receiving flight training under contracts requiring these schools to maintain and repair airplanes of the Army furnished to them for flight training, the spare parts and accessories needed for those repairs.

10 USC 4629 - Proceeds: disposition

The proceeds of sales of the following shall be paid into the Treasury to the credit of the appropriation out of which they were purchased, and are available for the purposes of that appropriation:
(1) Exterior articles of uniform sold under section 4621 of this title.
(2) Supplies and military publications sold to educational institutions under section 4627 of this title.
(3) Fuel, oil, other supplies, and services for aircraft of a foreign military or air attache sold under section 4626 of this title.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 441 - ISSUE OF SERVICEABLE MATERIAL OTHER THAN TO ARMED FORCES

10 USC 4651 - Arms, tentage, and equipment: educational institutions not maintaining units of R.O.T.C.

Under such conditions as he may prescribe, the Secretary of the Army may issue arms, tentage, and equipment that he considers necessary for proper military training, to any educational institution at which no unit of the Reserve Officers Training Corps is maintained, but which has a course in military training prescribed by the Secretary and which has at least 100 physically fit students over 14 years of age.

10 USC 4652 - Rifles and ammunition for target practice: educational institutions having corps of cadets

(a) The Secretary of the Army may lend, without expense to the United States, magazine rifles and appendages that are not of the existing service models in use at the time and that are not necessary for a proper reserve supply, to any educational institution having a uniformed corps of cadets of sufficient number for target practice. He may also issue 40 rounds of ball cartridges for each cadet for each range at which target practice is held, but not more than 120 rounds each year for each cadet participating in target practice.
(b) The institutions to which property is lent under subsection (a) shall use it for target practice, take proper care of it and return it when required.
(c) The Secretary shall prescribe regulations to carry out this section, containing such other requirements as he considers necessary to safeguard the interests of the United States.

10 USC 4653 - Ordnance and ordnance stores: District of Columbia high schools

The Secretary of the Army, under regulations to be prescribed by him, may issue to the high schools of the District of Columbia ordnance and ordnance stores required for military instruction and practice. The Secretary shall require a bond in double the value of the property issued under this section, for the care and safekeeping of that property and, except for property properly expended, for its return when required.

10 USC 4654 - Quartermaster supplies: military instruction camps

Under such conditions as he may prescribe, the Secretary of the Army may issue, to any educational institution at which an Army officer is detailed as professor of military science and tactics, such quartermaster supplies as are necessary to establish and maintain a camp for the military instruction of its students. The Secretary shall require a bond in the value of the property issued under this section, for the care and safekeeping of that property and except for property properly expended, for its return when required.

10 USC 4655 - Arms and ammunition: agencies and departments of the United States

(a) Whenever required for the protection of public money and property, the Secretary of the Army may lend arms and their accouterments, and issue ammunition, to a department or independent agency of the United States, upon request of its head. Property lent or issued under this subsection may be delivered to an officer of the department or agency designated by the head thereof, and that officer shall account for the property to the Secretary of the Army. Property lent or issued under this subsection and not properly expended shall be returned when it is no longer needed.
(b) The department or agency to which property is lent or issued under subsection (a) shall transfer funds to the credit of the Department of the Army to cover the costs of
(1) ammunition issued;
(2) replacing arms and accouterments that have been lost or destroyed, or cannot be repaired;
(3) repairing arms and accouterments returned to the Department of the Army; and
(4) making and receiving shipments by the Department of the Army.

10 USC 4656 - Aircraft and equipment: civilian aviation schools

The Secretary of the Army, under regulations to be prescribed by him, may lend aircraft, aircraft parts, and aeronautical equipment and accessories that are required for instruction, training, and maintenance, to accredited civilian aviation schools at which personnel of the Department of the Army or the Department of the Air Force are pursuing a course of instruction and training under detail by competent orders.

10 USC 4657 - Sale of ammunition for avalanche-control purposes

Subject to the needs of the Army, the Secretary of the Army may sell ammunition for military weapons which are used for avalanche-control purposes to any State (or entity of a State) or to any other non-Federal entity that has been authorized by a State to use those weapons in that State for avalanche-control purposes. Sales of ammunition under this section shall be on a reimbursable basis and shall be subject to the condition that the ammunition be used only for avalanche-control purposes.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 443 - DISPOSAL OF OBSOLETE OR SURPLUS MATERIAL

10 USC 4681 - Surplus war material: sale to States and foreign governments

Subject to regulations under section 121 of title 40, the Secretary of the Army may sell surplus war material and supplies, except food, of the Department of the Army, for which there is no adequate domestic market, to any State or to any foreign government with which the United States was at peace on June 5, 1920. Sales under this section shall be made upon terms that the Secretary considers expedient.

10 USC 4682 - Obsolete or excess material: sale to National Council of Boy Scouts of America

Subject to regulations under section 121 of title 40, the Secretary of the Army, under such conditions as he may prescribe, may sell obsolete or excess material to the National Council of the Boy Scouts of America. Sales under this section shall be at fair value to the Department of the Army, including packing, handling, and transportation.

10 USC 4683 - Excess M1 rifles: loan or donation for funeral and other ceremonial purposes

(a) Authority To Lend or Donate.— 

(1) The Secretary of the Army, under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, may conditionally lend or donate excess M1 rifles (not more than 15), slings, and cartridge belts to any eligible organization for use by that organization for funeral ceremonies of a member or former member of the armed forces, and for other ceremonial purposes.
(2) If the rifles to be loaned or donated under paragraph (1) are to be used by the eligible organization for funeral ceremonies of a member or former member of the armed forces, the Secretary may issue and deliver the rifles, together with the necessary accoutrements and blank ammunition, without charge.
(b) Relief From Liability.— 
The Secretary may relieve an eligible organization to which materials are lent or donated under subsection (a), and the surety on its bond, from liability for loss or destruction of the material lent or donated, if there is conclusive evidence that the loss or destruction did not result from negligence.
(c) Conditions on Loan or Donation.— 
In lending or donating rifles under subsection (a), the Secretary shall impose such conditions on the use of the rifles as may be necessary to ensure security, safety, and accountability. The Secretary may impose such other conditions as the Secretary considers appropriate.
(d) Eligible Organization Defined.— 
In this section, the term eligible organization means
(1) a unit or other organization of honor guards recognized by the Secretary of the Army as honor guards for a national cemetery;
(2) a law enforcement agency; or
(3) a local unit of any organization that, as determined by the Secretary of the Army, is a nationally recognized veterans organization.

10 USC 4684 - Surplus obsolete ordnance: sale to patriotic organizations

Subject to regulations under section 121 of title 40, any branch, office, or officer designated by the Secretary of the Army may sell, without advertisement and at prices that he considers reasonable
(1) surplus obsolete small arms and ammunition and equipment for them, to any patriotic organization for military purposes; and
(2) surplus obsolete brass or bronze cannons, carriages, and cannon balls, for public parks, public buildings, and soldiers monuments.

10 USC 4685 - Obsolete ordnance: loan to educational institutions and State soldiers and sailors orphans homes

(a) Upon the recommendation of the governor of the State concerned or Guam or the Virgin Islands, the Secretary of the Army, under regulations to be prescribed by him and without cost to the United States for transportation, may lend obsolete ordnance and ordnance stores to State, Guam, and the Virgin Islands educational institutions and to State soldiers and sailors orphans homes, for drill and instruction. However, no loan may be made under this subsection to an institution to which ordnance or ordnance stores may be issued under any law that was in effect on June 30, 1906, and is still in effect.
(b) The Secretary shall require a bond from each institution or home to which property is lent under subsection (a), in double the value of the property lent, for the care and safekeeping of that property and, except for property properly expended, for its return when required.

10 USC 4686 - Obsolete ordnance: gift to State homes for soldiers and sailors

Subject to regulations under section 121 of title 40, the Secretary of the Army may give not more than two obsolete bronze or iron cannons suitable for firing salutes to any home for soldiers or sailors established and maintained under State authority.

10 USC 4687 - Sale of excess, obsolete, or unserviceable ammunition and ammunition components

(a) Authority To Sell Outside DoD.— 
The Secretary of the Army may sell to an eligible purchaser described in subsection (c) ammunition or ammunition components that are excess, obsolete, or unserviceable and have not been demilitarized if
(1) the purchaser enters into an agreement, in advance, with the Secretary
(A) to demilitarize the ammunition or components; and
(B) to reclaim, recycle, or reuse the component parts or materials; or
(2) the Secretary, or an official of the Department of the Army designated by the Secretary, approves the use of the ammunition or components proposed by the purchaser as being consistent with the public interest.
(b) Method of Sale.— 
The Secretary shall use competitive procedures to sell ammunition and ammunition components under this section, except that the Secretary may use procedures other than competitive procedures in any case in which the Secretary determines that there is only one potential buyer of the items being offered for sale.
(c) Eligible Purchasers.— 
To be eligible to purchase excess, obsolete, or unserviceable ammunition or ammunition components under this section, the purchaser shall be a licensed manufacturer (as defined in section 921 (a)(10) of title 18) that, as determined by the Secretary, has a capability to modify, reclaim, transport, and either store or sell the ammunition or ammunition components sought to be purchased.
(d) Hold Harmless Agreement.— 
The Secretary shall require a purchaser of ammunition or ammunition components under this section to agree to hold harmless and indemnify the United States from any claim for damages for death, injury, or other loss resulting from a use of the ammunition or ammunition components, except in a case of willful misconduct or gross negligence of a representative of the United States.
(e) Verification of Demilitarization.— 
The Secretary shall establish procedures for ensuring that a purchaser of ammunition or ammunition components under this section demilitarizes the ammunition or ammunition components in accordance with any agreement to do so under subsection (a)(1). The procedures shall include onsite verification of demilitarization activities.
(f) Consideration.— 
The Secretary may accept ammunition, ammunition components, or ammunition demilitarization services as consideration for ammunition or ammunition components sold under this section. The fair market value of any such consideration shall be equal to or exceed the fair market value or, if higher, the sale price of the ammunition or ammunition components sold.
(g) Relationship to Arms Export Control Act.— 
Nothing in this section shall be construed to affect the applicability of section 38 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2778) to sales of ammunition or ammunition components on the United States Munitions List.
(h) Definitions.— 
In this section:
(1) The term excess, obsolete, or unserviceable, with respect to ammunition or ammunition components, means that the ammunition or ammunition components are no longer necessary for war reserves or for support of training of the Army or production of ammunition or ammunition components.
(2) The term demilitarize, with respect to ammunition or ammunition components
(A) means to destroy the military offensive or defensive advantages inherent in the ammunition or ammunition components; and
(B) includes any mutilation, scrapping, melting, burning, or alteration that prevents the use of the ammunition or ammunition components for the military purposes for which the ammunition or ammunition components was designed or for a lethal purpose.

10 USC 4688 - Armor-piercing ammunition and components: condition on disposal

(a) Limitation on Resale or Other Transfer.— 
Except as provided in subsection (b), whenever the Secretary of the Army carries out a disposal (by sale or otherwise) of armor-piercing ammunition, or a component of armor-piercing ammunition, the Secretary shall require as a condition of the disposal that the recipient agree in writing not to sell or otherwise transfer any of the ammunition (reconditioned or otherwise), or any armor-piercing component of that ammunition, to any purchaser in the United States other than a law enforcement or other governmental agency.
(b) Exception.— 
Subsection (a) does not apply to a transfer of a component of armor-piercing ammunition solely for the purpose of metal reclamation by means of a destructive process such as melting, crushing, or shredding.
(c) Special Rule for Non-Armor-Piercing Components.— 
A component of the armor-piercing ammunition that is not itself armor-piercing and is not subjected to metal reclamation as described in subsection (b) may not be used as a component in the production of new or remanufactured armor-piercing ammunition other than for sale to a law enforcement or other governmental agency or for a government-to-government sale or commercial export to a foreign government under the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2751).
(d) Definition.— 
In this section, the term armor-piercing ammunition means a center-fire cartridge the military designation of which includes the term armor penetrator or armor-piercing, including a center-fire cartridge designated as armor-piercing incendiary (API) or armor-piercing incendiary-tracer (APIT).

10 USC 4689 - Transfer of material and equipment to the Architect of the Capitol

The Secretary of the Army is authorized to transfer, without payment, to the Architect of the Capitol, such material and equipment, not required by the Department of the Army, as the Architect may request for use at the Capitol power plant, the Capitol, and the Senate and House Office Buildings.

10 USC 4690 - Recyclable munitions materials: sale; use of proceeds

(a) Authority for Program.— 
Notwithstanding section 2577 of this title, the Secretary of the Army may carry out a program to sell recyclable munitions materials resulting from the demilitarization of conventional military munitions without regard to chapter 5 of title 40 and use any proceeds in accordance with subsection (c).
(b) Method of Sale.— 
The Secretary shall use competitive procedures to sell recyclable munitions materials under this section in a manner consistent with Federal procurement laws and regulations.
(c) Proceeds.— 

(1) Proceeds from the sale of recyclable munitions materials under this section shall be credited to an account that is specified as being for Army ammunition demilitarization from funds made available for the procurement of ammunition, to be available only for reclamation, recycling, and reuse of conventional military munitions (including research and development and equipment purchased for such purpose).
(2) Amounts credited under this subsection shall be available for obligation for the fiscal year during which the funds are so credited and for three subsequent fiscal years.
(d) Regulations.— 
The Secretary shall prescribe regulations to carry out the program established under this section. Such regulations shall be consistent and in compliance with the Solid Waste Disposal Act (42 U.S.C. 6901 et seq.) and the regulations implementing that Act.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 445 - DISPOSITION OF EFFECTS OF DECEASED PERSONS; CAPTURED FLAGS

10 USC 4711 - Repealed. Pub. L. 10665, div. A, title VII, 721(b), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 694]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 263, related to inquests.

10 USC 4712 - Disposition of effects of deceased persons by summary court-martial

(a) Upon the death of
(1) a person subject to military law at a place or command under the jurisdiction of the Army; or
(2) a resident of the Armed Forces Retirement Home who dies in an Army hospital outside the District of Columbia when sent from the Home to that hospital for treatment;

the commanding officer of the place or command shall permit the legal representative or the surviving spouse of the deceased, if present, to take possession of the effects of the deceased that are then in camp or quarters.

(b) If there is no legal representative or surviving spouse present, the commanding officer shall direct a summary court-martial to collect the effects of the deceased that are then in camp or quarters.
(c) The summary court-martial may collect debts due the decedents estate by local debtors, pay undisputed local creditors of the deceased to the extent permitted by money of the deceased in the courts possession, and shall take receipts for those payments, to be filed with the courts final report to the Department of the Army.
(d) As soon as practicable after the collection of the effects and money of the deceased, the summary court-martial shall send them at the expense of the United States to the living person highest on the following list who can be found by the court:
(1) The surviving spouse or legal representative.
(2) A child of the deceased.
(3) A parent of the deceased.
(4) A brother or sister of the deceased.
(5) The next-of-kin of the deceased.
(6) A beneficiary named in the will of the deceased.
(e) If the summary court-martial cannot dispose of the effects under subsection (d) because there are no persons in those categories or because the court finds that the addresses of the persons are not known or readily ascertainable, the court may convert the effects of the deceased, except sabres, insignia, decorations, medals, watches, trinkets, manuscripts, and other articles valuable chiefly as keepsakes, into cash, by public or private sale, but not until 30 days after the date of death of the deceased.
(f) As soon as practicable after the effects have been converted into cash under subsection (e), the summary court-martial shall deposit all cash in the courts possession and belonging to the estate with the officer designated in regulations, and shall send a receipt therefor, together with any will or other papers of value, an inventory of the effects, and articles not permitted to be sold, to the executive part of the Department of the Army. The Secretary of the Army shall deliver to the Armed Forces Retirement Home all items received by the executive part of the Department of the Army under this subsection.

10 USC 4713 - Repealed. Pub. L. 101510, div. A, title XV, 1533(a)(7)(A), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1734]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 265; Dec. 12, 1980, Pub. L. 96–513, title V, § 512(21)(A), (B), 94 Stat. 2930; Nov. 8, 1985, Pub. L. 99–145, title XIII, § 1301(b)(4)(B), 99 Stat. 736; Nov. 29, 1989, Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title XVI, 1621(a)(1), 103 Stat. 1602, related to disposition of effects of deceased persons by Soldiers and Airmens Home.

10 USC 4714 - Collection of captured flags, standards, and colors

The Secretary of the Army shall have sent to him all flags, standards, and colors taken by the Army from enemies of the United States.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 447 - TRANSPORTATION

10 USC 4741 - Repealed. Pub. L. 108375, div. A, title X, 1072(c), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 2058]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 266, related to control and supervision of transportation of members, munitions of war, equipment, military property, and stores of the Army throughout the United States.

10 USC 4742 - Renumbered 2644]

10 USC 4743 - Repealed. Pub. L. 108375, div. A, title X, 1072(c), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 2058]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 266, related to use of transportation by officers of the Army.

4744 to 4747. Renumbered 2648 to 2651]

10 USC 4748 - Repealed. Pub. L. 87651, title I, 119(1), Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 513]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 268, related to transportation of motor vehicles for members on permanent change of station. See section 2634 of this title.

10 USC 4749 - Property: for United States surveys

Under regulations governing the transportation of Army supplies, any branch, office, or officer designated by the Secretary of the Army shall receive, transport, and be responsible for property turned over by the officers or agents of any United States survey, for the National Museum or for a department of the United States or field office thereof. The amount paid by the Army for transportation under this section shall be refunded to the Army by the National Museum or the department to which the property is consigned.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 449 - REAL PROPERTY

10 USC 4771 - Acceptance of donations: land for mobilization, training, supply base, or aviation field

The Secretary of the Army may accept for the United States a gift of
(1) land that he considers suitable and desirable for a permanent mobilization, training, or supply station; and
(2) land that he considers suitable and desirable for an aviation field, if the gift is from a citizen of the United States and its terms authorize the use of the property by the United States for any purpose.

10 USC 4772 - Heritage Center for the National Museum of the United States Army: development and operation

(a) Agreement for Development of Center.— 
The Secretary of the Army may enter into an agreement with the Army Historical Foundation, a nonprofit organization, for the design, construction, and operation of a facility or group of facilities at Fort Belvoir, Virginia, for the National Museum of the United States Army. The facility or group of facilities constructed pursuant to the agreement shall be known as the Heritage Center for the National Museum of the United States Army (in this section referred to as the Center).
(b) Purpose of Center.— 
The Center shall be used for the identification, curation, storage, and public viewing of artifacts and artwork of significance to the United States Army, as agreed to by the Secretary of the Army. The Center may also be used to support such education, training, research, and associated purposes as the Secretary considers appropriate.
(c) Design and Construction.— 

(1) The design of the Center shall be subject to the approval of the Secretary of the Army.
(2) For each phase of the development of the Center, the Secretary may
(A) accept funds from the Army Historical Foundation for the design and construction of such phase of the Center; or
(B) permit the Army Historical Foundation to contract for the design and construction of such phase of the Center.
(d) Acceptance by Secretary.— 
Upon the satisfactory completion, as determined by the Secretary of the Army, of any phase of the Center, and upon the satisfaction of any financial obligations incident to such phase of the Center by the Army Historical Foundation, the Secretary shall accept such phase of the Center from the Army Historical Foundation, and all right, title, and interest in and to such phase of the Center shall vest in the United States. Upon becoming the property of the United States, the Secretary shall assume administrative jurisdiction over the Center.
(e) Use of Certain Gifts.— 

(1) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Army, the Commander of the United States Army Center of Military History may, without regard to section 2601 of this title, accept, hold, administer, invest, and spend any gift, devise, or bequest of personal property of a value of $250,000 or less made to the United States if such gift, devise, or bequest is for the benefit of the National Museum of the United States Army or the Center.
(2) The Secretary may pay or authorize the payment of any reasonable and necessary expense in connection with the conveyance or transfer of a gift, devise, or bequest under this subsection.
(f) Lease of Facility.— 

(1) Under such terms and conditions as the Secretary of the Army considers appropriate, the Secretary may lease portions of the Center to the Army Historical Foundation to be used by the Foundation, consistent with the purpose of the Center, for
(A) generating revenue for activities of the Center through rental use by the public, commercial and nonprofit entities, State and local governments, and other Federal agencies; and
(B) such administrative purposes as may be necessary for the support of the Center.
(2) The annual amount of consideration paid to the Secretary by the Army Historical Foundation for a lease under paragraph (1) may not exceed an amount equal to the actual cost, as determined by the Secretary, of the annual operations and maintenance of the Center.
(3) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary shall use amounts paid under paragraph (2) to cover the costs of operation of the Center.
(g) Additional Terms and Conditions.— 
The Secretary of the Army may require such additional terms and conditions in connection with the agreement authorized by subsection (a) as the Secretary considers appropriate to protect the interests of the United States.

10 USC 4774 - Repealed. Pub. L. 97214, 7(1), July 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 173]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 269; Aug. 30, 1957, Pub. L. 85–241, title IV, § 404(a), 71 Stat. 555; Aug. 10, 1959, Pub. L. 86–149, title IV, § 410(a), 73 Stat. 321; July 27, 1962, Pub. L. 87–554, title V, § 504(a), (c), 76 Stat. 239; Nov. 7, 1963, Pub. L. 88–174, title V, § 503, 77 Stat. 325; Dec. 5, 1969, Pub. L. 91–142, title V, § 510(b), 83 Stat. 312; Oct. 27, 1971, Pub. L. 92–145, title V, § 508(a), (c), 85 Stat. 408; Nov. 29, 1973, Pub. L. 93–166, title V, § 509(c), 87 Stat. 677, related to limitations on construction.

10 USC 4775 - Repealed. Pub. L. 92145, title V, 509(a), Oct. 27, 1971, 85 Stat. 408]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 269, authorized assignment of quarters belonging to United States at a post or station by post quartermaster to officers, grade lieutenant general down to second lieutenant, 10 to 2 rooms, respectively, and prohibited other assignment where quarters existed.

10 USC 4776 - Emergency construction: fortifications

If in an emergency the President considers it urgent, a temporary fort or fortification may be built on private land if the owner consents in writing.

10 USC 4777 - Permits: military reservations; landing ferries, erecting bridges, driving livestock

Whenever the Secretary of the Army considers that it can be done without injury to the reservation or inconvenience to the military forces stationed there, he may permit
(1) the landing of ferries at a military reservation;
(2) the erection of bridges on a military reservation; and
(3) the driving of livestock across a military reservation.

10 USC 4778 - Licenses: military reservations; erection and use of buildings; Young Mens Christian Association

Under such conditions as he may prescribe, the Secretary of the Army may issue a revocable license to the International Committee of Young Mens Christian Associations of North America to erect and maintain on military reservations, inside the United States and the Commonwealths and possessions, buildings needed by that organization for the promotion of the social, physical, intellectual, and moral welfare of the members of the Army on those reservations.

10 USC 4779 - Use of public property

(a) When the economy of the Army so requires, the Secretary of the Army shall establish military headquarters in places where suitable buildings are owned by the United States.
(b) No money appropriated for the support of the Army may be spent for post gardens or Army exchanges. However, this does not prevent Army exchanges from using public buildings or public transportation that, in the opinion of the office or officer designated by the Secretary, are not needed for other purposes.

10 USC 4780 - Acquisition of buildings in District of Columbia

(a) In time of war or when war is imminent, the Secretary of the Army may acquire by lease any building, or part of a building, in the District of Columbia that may be needed for military purposes.
(b) At any time, the Secretary may, for the purposes of the Department of the Army, requisition the use and take possession of any building or space in any building, and its appurtenances, in the District of Columbia, other than
(1) a dwelling house occupied as such;
(2) a building occupied by any other agency of the United States; or
(3) space in such a dwelling house or building.

The Secretary shall determine, and pay out of funds appropriated for the payment of rent by the Department of the Army, just compensation for that use. If the amount of the compensation is not satisfactory to the person entitled to it, the Secretary shall pay 75 percent of it to that person, and the claimant is entitled to recover by action against the United States an additional amount that, when added to the amount paid by the Secretary, is determined by the court to be just compensation for that use.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 451 - MILITARY CLAIMS

10 USC 4801 - Definition

In this chapter, the term settle means consider, ascertain, adjust, determine, and dispose of a claim, whether by full or partial allowance or by disallowance.

10 USC 4802 - Admiralty claims against the United States

(a) The Secretary of the Army may settle or compromise an admiralty claim against the United States for
(1) damage caused by a vessel of, or in the service of, the Department of the Army or by other property under the jurisdiction of the Department of the Army;
(2) compensation for towage and salvage service, including contract salvage, rendered to a vessel of, or in the service of, the Department of the Army or to other property under the jurisdiction of the Department of the Army; or
(3) damage caused by a maritime tort committed by any agent or employee of the Department of the Army or by property under the jurisdiction of the Department of the Army.
(b) If a claim under subsection (a) is settled or compromised for $500,000 or less, the Secretary of the Army may pay it. If it is settled or compromised for more than $500,000, he shall certify it to Congress.
(c) In any case where the amount to be paid is not more than $100,000, the Secretary of the Army may delegate his authority under subsection (a) to any person in the Department of the Army designated by him.

10 USC 4803 - Admiralty claims by United States

(a) Under the direction of the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the Army may settle, or compromise, and receive payment of a claim by the United States for damage to property under the jurisdiction of the Department of the Army or property for which the Department has assumed an obligation to respond for damage, if
(1) the claim is
(A) of a kind that is within the admiralty jurisdiction of a district court of the United States; or
(B) for damage caused by a vessel or floating object; and
(2) the amount to be received by the United States is not more than $500,000.
(b) In exchange for payment of an amount found to be due the United States under subsection (a), the Secretary of the Army may execute a release of the claim on behalf of the United States. Amounts received under this section shall be covered into the Treasury.
(c) In any case where the amount to be received by the United States is not more than $100,000, the Secretary of the Army may delegate his authority under subsections (a) and (b) to any person in the Department of the Army designated by him.

10 USC 4804 - Salvage claims by United States

(a) The Secretary of the Army may settle, or compromise, and receive payment of a claim by the United States for salvage services performed by the Department of the Army. Amounts received under this section shall be covered into the Treasury.
(b) In any case where the amount to be received by the United States is not more than $10,000, the Secretary of the Army may delegate his authority under subsection (a) to any person designated by him.

10 USC 4805 - Repealed. Pub. L. 86533, 1(8)(A), June 29, 1960, 74 Stat. 247]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 271, related to reports to Congress with respect to claims under sections 4802, 4803, and 4804 of this title.

10 USC 4806 - Settlement or compromise: final and conclusive

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, upon acceptance of payment the settlement or compromise of a claim under section 4802 or 4803 of this title is final and conclusive.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 453 - ACCOUNTABILITY AND RESPONSIBILITY

10 USC 4831 - Custody of departmental records and property

The Secretary of the Army has custody and charge of all books, records, papers, furniture, fixtures, and other property under the lawful control of the executive part of the Department of the Army.

10 USC 4832 - Repealed. Pub. L. 110181, div. A, title III, 375(c)(1)(A), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 83]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 272, authorized Secretary of the Army to prescribe regulations for the accounting for Army property.

10 USC 4833 - Repealed. Pub. L. 87480, 1(2), June 8, 1962, 76 Stat. 94]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 272, related to accountability of Army officers for public money. See section 2773 of this title.

10 USC 4834 - Repealed. Pub. L. 92310, title II, 204(a), June 6, 1972, 86 Stat. 202]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 272; Nov. 2, 1966, Pub. L. 89–718, § 31, 80 Stat. 1119, required commissioned officers of the Quartermaster Corps to give fidelity bonds.

10 USC 4835 - Repealed. Pub. L. 107314, div. A, title X, 1006(c)(1), Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2633]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 273; Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title III, 362, Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1628, related to actions taken upon reports of surveys and vouchers pertaining to the loss, spoilage, unserviceability, unsuitability, or destruction of or damage to property of the United States under the control of the Department of the Army.

10 USC 4836 - Repealed. Pub. L. 110181, div. A, title III, 375(c)(1)(B), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 83]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 273, prohibited unauthorized disposition of individual equipment by enlisted members of the Army.

10 USC 4837 - Settlement of accounts: remission or cancellation of indebtedness of members

(a) In General.— 
The Secretary of the Army may have remitted or cancelled any part of the indebtedness of a person to the United States or any instrumentality of the United States incurred while the person was serving on active duty as a member of the Army, but only if the Secretary considers such action to be in the best interest of the United States.
(b) Retroactive Applicability to Certain Debts.— 
The authority in subsection (a) may be exercised with respect to any debt covered by that subsection that is incurred on or after October 7, 2001.
(c) Regulations.— 
This section shall be administered under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense.

10 USC 4838 - Settlement of accounts: affidavit of company commander

In the settlement of the accounts of the commanding officer of a company for clothing and other military supplies, his affidavit may be received to show
(1) that vouchers or company books were lost;
(2) anything tending to prove that any apparent deficiency of those articles was caused by unavoidable accident, or by loss in actual service without his fault; or
(3) that all or part of the clothing and supplies was properly used.

The affidavit may be used as evidence of the facts set forth, with or without other evidence, as determined by the Secretary of the Army to be just and proper under the circumstances.

10 USC 4839 - Settlement of accounts: oaths

The Secretary of the Army may detail any employee of the Department of the Army to administer oaths required by law in the settlement of an officers accounts for clothing and other military supplies. An oath administered under this section shall be without expense to the person to whom it is administered.

10 USC 4840 - Final settlement of officers accounts

Before final payment upon discharge may be made to an officer of the Army who has been accountable or responsible for public property, he must obtain a certificate of nonindebtedness to the United States from each officer to whom he was accountable or responsible for property. He must also make an affidavit, certified by his commanding officer to be correct, that he is not accountable or responsible for property to any other officer. An officer who has not been responsible for public property must make an affidavit of that fact, certified by his commanding officer. Compliance with this section warrants the final payment of the officer concerned.

10 USC 4841 - Payment of small amounts to public creditors

When authorized by the Secretary of the Army, a disbursing official of Army subsistence funds may keep a limited amount of those funds in the personal possession and at the risk of the disbursing official to pay small amounts to public creditors.

10 USC 4842 - Settlement of accounts of line officers

The Comptroller General shall settle the account of a line officer of the Army for pay due the officer even if the officer cannot account for property entrusted to the officer or cannot make a monthly report or return, when the Comptroller General is satisfied that the inability to account for property or make a report or return was the result of the officer having been a prisoner, or of an accident or casualty of war.