10 USC 12004 - Strength in grade: reserve general and flag officers in an active status

(a) The authorized strengths of the Army, Air Force, and Marine Corps in reserve general officers in an active status, and the authorized strength of the Navy in reserve officers in the grades of rear admiral (lower half) and rear admiral in an active status, are as follows: Army 207 Air Force 157 Navy 48 Marine Corps 10.
(b) The following Army and Air Force reserve officers shall not be counted for purposes of this section:
(1) Those serving as adjutants general or assistant adjutants general of a State.
(2) Those serving in the National Guard Bureau.

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(3) Those counted under section 526 of this title.
(4) Those serving in a joint duty assignment for purposes of chapter 38 of this title, except that the number of officers who may be excluded under this paragraph may not exceed the number equal to 20 percent of the number of officers authorized for the armed force concerned by subsection (a).
(c) 
(1) The following Navy reserve officers shall not be counted for purposes of this section:
(A) Those counted under section 526 of this title.
(B) Those serving in a joint duty assignment for purposes of chapter 38 of this title, except that the number of officers who may be excluded under this paragraph may not exceed the number equal to 20 percent of the number of officers authorized for the Navy in subsection (a).
(2) Of the number of Navy reserve officers authorized by subsection (a), 40 are distributed among the line and staff corps as follows: Line 33 Medical Department staff corps 5 Chaplain Corps 1 Judge Advocate Generals Corps 1
(3) The remaining authorizations for the Navy under subsection (a) shall be distributed among such other staff corps as are established by the Secretary of the Navy under the authority provided by section 5150 (b) of this title, except that
(A) if the Secretary has established a Supply Corps, the authorized strength for the Supply Corps shall be six; and
(B) if the Secretary has established a Civil Engineering Corps, the authorized strength for the Civil Engineering Corps shall be two.

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(4) Not more than 50 percent of the officers in an active status authorized under this section for the Navy may serve in the grade of rear admiral.
(5) 
(A) For the purposes of paragraph (1), the Medical Department staff corps referred to in the table are as follows:
(i) The Medical Corps.
(ii) The Dental Corps.
(iii) The Nurse Corps.
(iv) The Medical Service Corps.
(B) Each of the Medical Department staff corps is authorized one rear admiral (lower half) within the strength authorization distributed to the Medical Department staff corps under paragraph (1). The Secretary of the Navy shall distribute the remainder of the strength authorization for the Medical Department staff corps under that paragraph among those staff corps as the Secretary determines appropriate to meet the needs of the Navy.
(d) The following Marine Corps reserve officers shall not be counted for purposes of this section:
(1) Those counted under section 526 of this title.
(2) Those serving in a joint duty assignment for purposes of chapter 38 of this title, except that the number of officers who may be excluded under this paragraph may not exceed the number equal to 20 percent of the number of officers authorized for the Marine Corps in subsection (a).
(e) 
(1) A reserve general officer of the Army or Air Force may not be reduced in grade because of a reduction in the number of general officers authorized under subsection (a).
(2) An officer of the Navy Reserve or the Marine Corps Reserve may not be reduced in permanent grade because of a reduction in the number authorized by this section for his grade.