Subtitle D - Air Force

TITLE 10 - US CODE - PART I - ORGANIZATION

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 801 - DEFINITIONS

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 803 - DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE

10 USC 8010 - Renumbered 8011]

10 USC 8011 - Organization

The Department of the Air Force is separately organized under the Secretary of the Air Force. It operates under the authority, direction, and control of the Secretary of Defense.

10 USC 8012 - Department of the Air Force: seal

The Secretary of the Air Force shall have a seal for the Department of the Air Force. The design of the seal must be approved by the President. Judicial notice shall be taken of the seal.

10 USC 8013 - Secretary of the Air Force

(a) 
(1) There is a Secretary of the Air Force, appointed from civilian life by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The Secretary is the head of the Department of the Air Force.
(2) A person may not be appointed as Secretary of the Air Force within five years after relief from active duty as a commissioned officer of a regular component of an armed force.
(b) Subject to the authority, direction, and control of the Secretary of Defense and subject to the provisions of chapter 6 of this title, the Secretary of the Air Force is responsible for, and has the authority necessary to conduct, all affairs of the Department of the Air Force, including the following functions:
(1) Recruiting.
(2) Organizing.
(3) Supplying.
(4) Equipping (including research and development).
(5) Training.
(6) Servicing.
(7) Mobilizing.
(8) Demobilizing.
(9) Administering (including the morale and welfare of personnel).
(10) Maintaining.
(11) The construction, outfitting, and repair of military equipment.
(12) The construction, maintenance, and repair of buildings, structures, and utilities and the acquisition of real property and interests in real property necessary to carry out the responsibilities specified in this section.
(c) Subject to the authority, direction, and control of the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the Air Force is also responsible to the Secretary of Defense for
(1) the functioning and efficiency of the Department of the Air Force;
(2) the formulation of policies and programs by the Department of the Air Force that are fully consistent with national security objectives and policies established by the President or the Secretary of Defense;
(3) the effective and timely implementation of policy, program, and budget decisions and instructions of the President or the Secretary of Defense relating to the functions of the Department of the Air Force;
(4) carrying out the functions of the Department of the Air Force so as to fulfill the current and future operational requirements of the unified and specified combatant commands;
(5) effective cooperation and coordination between the Department of the Air Force and the other military departments and agencies of the Department of Defense to provide for more effective, efficient, and economical administration and to eliminate duplication;
(6) the presentation and justification of the positions of the Department of the Air Force on the plans, programs, and policies of the Department of Defense; and
(7) the effective supervision and control of the intelligence activities of the Department of the Air Force.
(d) The Secretary of the Air Force is also responsible for such other activities as may be prescribed by law or by the President or Secretary of Defense.
(e) After first informing the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the Air Force may make such recommendations to Congress relating to the Department of Defense as he considers appropriate.
(f) The Secretary of the Air Force may assign such of his functions, powers, and duties as he considers appropriate to the Under Secretary of the Air Force and to the Assistant Secretaries of the Air Force. Officers of the Air Force shall, as directed by the Secretary, report on any matter to the Secretary, the Under Secretary, or any Assistant Secretary.
(g) The Secretary of the Air Force may
(1) assign, detail, and prescribe the duties of members of the Air Force and civilian personnel of the Department of the Air Force;
(2) change the title of any officer or activity of the Department of the Air Force not prescribed by law; and
(3) prescribe regulations to carry out his functions, powers, and duties under this title.

10 USC 8014 - Office of the Secretary of the Air Force

(a) There is in the Department of the Air Force an Office of the Secretary of the Air Force. The function of the Office is to assist the Secretary of the Air Force in carrying out his responsibilities.
(b) The Office of the Secretary of the Air Force is composed of the following:
(1) The Under Secretary of the Air Force.
(2) The Assistant Secretaries of the Air Force.
(3) The General Counsel of the Department of the Air Force.
(4) The Inspector General of the Air Force.
(5) The Chief of Legislative Liaison.
(6) The Air Reserve Forces Policy Committee.
(7) Such other offices and officials as may be established by law or as the Secretary of the Air Force may establish or designate.
(c) 
(1) The Office of the Secretary of the Air Force shall have sole responsibility within the Office of the Secretary and the Air Staff for the following functions:
(A) Acquisition.
(B) Auditing.
(C) Comptroller (including financial management).
(D) Information management.
(E) Inspector General.
(F) Legislative affairs.
(G) Public affairs.
(2) The Secretary of the Air Force shall establish or designate a single office or other entity within the Office of the Secretary of the Air Force to conduct each function specified in paragraph (1). No office or other entity may be established or designated within the Air Staff to conduct any of the functions specified in paragraph (1).
(3) The Secretary shall prescribe the relationship of each office or other entity established or designated under paragraph (2) to the Chief of Staff and to the Air Staff and shall ensure that each such office or entity provides the Chief of Staff such staff support as the Chief of Staff considers necessary to perform his duties and responsibilities.
(4) The vesting in the Office of the Secretary of the Air Force of the responsibility for the conduct of a function specified in paragraph (1) does not preclude other elements of the executive part of the Department of the Air Force (including the Air Staff) from providing advice or assistance to the Chief of Staff or otherwise participating in that function within the executive part of the Department under the direction of the office assigned responsibility for that function in the Office of the Secretary of the Air Force.
(5) The head of the office or other entity established or designated by the Secretary to conduct the auditing function shall have at least five years of professional experience in accounting or auditing. The position shall be considered to be a career reserved position as defined in section 3132 (a)(8) of title 5.
(d) 
(1) Subject to paragraph (2), the Office of the Secretary of the Air Force shall have sole responsibility within the Office of the Secretary and the Air Staff for the function of research and development.
(2) The Secretary of the Air Force may assign to the Air Staff responsibility for those aspects of the function of research and development that relate to military requirements and test and evaluation.
(3) The Secretary shall establish or designate a single office or other entity within the Office of the Secretary of the Air Force to conduct the function specified in paragraph (1).
(4) The Secretary shall prescribe the relationship of the office or other entity established or designated under paragraph (3) to the Chief of Staff of the Air Force and to the Air Staff and shall ensure that each such office or entity provides the Chief of Staff such staff support as the Chief of Staff considers necessary to perform his duties and responsibilities.
(e) The Secretary of the Air Force shall ensure that the Office of the Secretary of the Air Force and the Air Staff do not duplicate specific functions for which the Secretary has assigned responsibility to the other.
(f) 
(1) The total number of members of the armed forces and civilian employees of the Department of the Air Force assigned or detailed to permanent duty in the Office of the Secretary of the Air Force and on the Air Staff may not exceed 2,639.
(2) Not more than 1,585 officers of the Air Force on the active-duty list may be assigned or detailed to permanent duty in the Office of the Secretary of the Air Force and on the Air Staff.
(3) The total number of general officers assigned or detailed to permanent duty in the Office of the Secretary of the Air Force and on the Air Staff may not exceed 60.
(4) The limitations in paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) do not apply in time of war or during a national emergency declared by the President or Congress. The limitation in paragraph (2) does not apply whenever the President determines that it is in the national interest to increase the number of officers assigned or detailed to permanent duty in the Office of the Secretary of the Air Force or on the Air Staff.

10 USC 8015 - Under Secretary of the Air Force

(a) There is an Under Secretary of the Air Force, appointed from civilian life by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.
(b) The Under Secretary shall perform such duties and exercise such powers as the Secretary of the Air Force may prescribe.

10 USC 8016 - Assistant Secretaries of the Air Force

(a) There are four Assistant Secretaries of the Air Force. They shall be appointed from civilian life by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.
(b) 
(1) The Assistant Secretaries shall perform such duties and exercise such powers as the Secretary of the Air Force may prescribe.
(2) One of the Assistant Secretaries shall be the Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Manpower and Reserve Affairs. He shall have as his principal duty the overall supervision of manpower and reserve component affairs of the Department of the Air Force.
(3) One of the Assistant Secretaries shall be the Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Financial Management. The Assistant Secretary shall have as his principal responsibility the exercise of the comptroller functions of the Department of the Air Force, including financial management functions. The Assistant Secretary shall be responsible for all financial management activities and operations of the Department of the Air Force and shall advise the Secretary of the Air Force on financial management.
(4) 
(A) One of the Assistant Secretaries shall be the Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Acquisition. The principal duty of the Assistant Secretary shall be the overall supervision of acquisition matters of the Department of the Air Force.
(B) The Assistant Secretary shall have a Principal Military Deputy, who shall be a lieutenant general of the Air Force on active duty. The Principal Military Deputy shall be appointed from among officers who have significant experience in the areas of acquisition and program management. The position of Principal Military Deputy shall be designated as a critical acquisition position under section 1733 of this title.

10 USC 8017 - Secretary of the Air Force: successors to duties

If the Secretary of the Air Force dies, resigns, is removed from office, is absent, or is disabled, the person who is highest on the following list, and who is not absent or disabled, shall perform the duties of the Secretary until the President, under section 33471 of title 5, directs another person to perform those duties or until the absence or disability ceases:
(1) The Under Secretary of the Air Force.
(2) The Assistant Secretaries of the Air Force, in the order prescribed by the Secretary of the Air Force and approved by the Secretary of Defense.
(3) The General Counsel of the Department of the Air Force.
(4) The Chief of Staff.
[1] See References in Text note below.

10 USC 8018 - Administrative Assistant

The Secretary of the Air Force may appoint an Administrative Assistant in the Office of the Secretary of the Air Force. The Administrative Assistant shall perform such duties as the Secretary may prescribe.

10 USC 8019 - General Counsel

(a) There is a General Counsel of the Department of the Air Force, appointed from civilian life by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.
(b) The General Counsel shall perform such functions as the Secretary of the Air Force may prescribe.

10 USC 8020 - Inspector General

(a) There is an Inspector General of the Air Force who shall be detailed to such position by the Secretary of the Air Force from the general officers of the Air Force. An officer may not be detailed to such position for a tour of duty of more than four years, except that the Secretary may extend such a tour of duty if he makes a special finding that the extension is necessary in the public interest.
(b) When directed by the Secretary or the Chief of Staff, the Inspector General shall
(1) inquire into and report upon the discipline, efficiency, and economy of the Air Force; and
(2) perform any other duties prescribed by the Secretary or the Chief of Staff.
(c) The Inspector General shall periodically propose programs of inspections to the Secretary of the Air Force and shall recommend additional inspections and investigations as may appear appropriate.
(d) The Inspector General shall cooperate fully with the Inspector General of the Department of Defense in connection with the performance of any duty or function by the Inspector General of the Department of Defense under the Inspector General Act of 1978 (5 App. U.S.C. 3) regarding the Department of the Air Force.
(e) The Inspector General shall have such deputies and assistants as the Secretary of the Air Force may prescribe. Each such deputy and assistant shall be an officer detailed by the Secretary to that position from the officers of the Air Force for a tour of duty of not more than four years, under a procedure prescribed by the Secretary.

10 USC 8021 - Air Force Reserve Forces Policy Committee

There is in the Office of the Secretary of the Air Force an Air Force Reserve Forces Policy Committee. The functions, membership, and organization of that committee are set forth in section 10305 of this title.

10 USC 8022 - Financial management

(a) The Secretary of the Air Force shall provide that the Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Financial Management shall direct and manage financial management activities and operations of the Department of the Air Force, including ensuring that financial management systems of the Department of the Air Force comply with subsection (b). The authority of the Assistant Secretary for such direction and management shall include the authority to
(1) supervise and direct the preparation of budget estimates of the Department of the Air Force and otherwise carry out, with respect to the Department of the Air Force, the functions specified for the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) in section 135 (c) of this title;
(2) approve and supervise any project to design or enhance a financial management system for the Department of the Air Force; and
(3) approve the establishment and supervise the operation of any asset management system of the Department of the Air Force, including
(A) systems for cash management, credit management, and debt collection; and
(B) systems for the accounting for the quantity, location, and cost of property and inventory.
(b) 
(1) Financial management systems of the Department of the Air Force (including accounting systems, internal control systems, and financial reporting systems) shall be established and maintained in conformance with
(A) the accounting and financial reporting principles, standards, and requirements established by the Comptroller General under section 3511 of title 31; and
(B) the internal control standards established by the Comptroller General under section 3512 of title 31.
(2) Such systems shall provide for
(A) complete, reliable, consistent, and timely information which is prepared on a uniform basis and which is responsive to the financial information needs of department management;
(B) the development and reporting of cost information;
(C) the integration of accounting and budgeting information; and
(D) the systematic measurement of performance.
(c) The Assistant Secretary shall maintain a five-year plan describing the activities the Department of the Air Force proposes to conduct over the next five fiscal years to improve financial management. Such plan shall be revised annually.
(d) The Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Financial Management shall transmit to the Secretary of the Air Force a report each year on the activities of the Assistant Secretary during the preceding year. Each such report shall include a description and analysis of the status of Department of the Air Force financial management.

10 USC 8023 - Chief of Legislative Liaison

(a) There is a Chief of Legislative Liaison in the Department of the Air Force. An officer assigned to that position shall be an officer in the grade of major general.
(b) The Chief of Legislative Liaison shall perform legislative affairs functions as specified for the Office of the Secretary of the Air Force by section 8014 (c)(1)(F) of this title.

10 USC 8024 - Director of Small Business Programs

(a) Director.— 
There is a Director of Small Business Programs in the Department of the Air Force. The Director is appointed by the Secretary of the Air Force.
(b) Office of Small Business Programs.— 
The Office of Small Business Programs of the Department of the Air Force is the office that is established within the Department of the Air Force under section 15(k) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644 (k)). The Director of Small Business Programs is the head of such office.
(c) Duties and Powers.— 

(1) The Director of Small Business Programs shall, subject to paragraph (2), perform such duties regarding small business programs of the Department of the Air Force, and shall exercise such powers regarding those programs, as the Secretary of the Air Force may prescribe.
(2) Section 15(k) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644 (k)), except for the designations of the Director and the Office, applies to the Director of Small Business Programs.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 805 - THE AIR STAFF

10 USC 8031 - The Air Staff: function; composition

(a) There is in the executive part of the Department of the Air Force an Air Staff. The function of the Air Staff is to assist the Secretary of the Air Force in carrying out his responsibilities.
(b) The Air Staff is composed of the following:
(1) The Chief of Staff.
(2) The Vice Chief of Staff.
(3) The Deputy Chiefs of Staff.
(4) The Assistant Chiefs of Staff.
(5) The Surgeon General of the Air Force.
(6) The Judge Advocate General of the Air Force.
(7) The Chief of the Air Force Reserve.
(8) Other members of the Air Force assigned or detailed to the Air Staff.
(9) Civilian employees in the Department of the Air Force assigned or detailed to the Air Staff.
(c) Except as otherwise specifically prescribed by law, the Air Staff shall be organized in such manner, and its members shall perform such duties and have such titles, as the Secretary may prescribe.

10 USC 8032 - The Air Staff: general duties

(a) The Air Staff shall furnish professional assistance to the Secretary, the Under Secretary, and the Assistant Secretaries of the Air Force, and the Chief of Staff of the Air Force.
(b) Under the authority, direction, and control of the Secretary of the Air Force, the Air Staff shall
(1) subject to subsections (c) and (d) of section 8014 of this title, prepare for such employment of the Air Force, and for such recruiting, organizing, supplying, equipping (including those aspects of research and development assigned by the Secretary of the Air Force), training, servicing, mobilizing, demobilizing, administering, and maintaining of the Air Force, as will assist in the execution of any power, duty, or function of the Secretary or the Chief of Staff;
(2) investigate and report upon the efficiency of the Air Force and its preparation to support military operations by combatant commands;
(3) prepare detailed instructions for the execution of approved plans and supervise the execution of those plans and instructions;
(4) as directed by the Secretary or the Chief of Staff, coordinate the action of organizations of the Air Force; and
(5) perform such other duties, not otherwise assigned by law, as may be prescribed by the Secretary.

10 USC 8033 - Chief of Staff

(a) 
(1) There is a Chief of Staff of the Air Force, appointed for a period of four years by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, from the general officers of the Air Force. He serves at the pleasure of the President. In time of war or during a national emergency declared by Congress, he may be reappointed for a term of not more than four years.
(2) The President may appoint an officer as Chief of Staff only if
(A) the officer has had significant experience in joint duty assignments; and
(B) such experience includes at least one full tour of duty in a joint duty assignment (as defined in section 664 (f) of this title) as a general officer.
(3) The President may waive paragraph (2) in the case of an officer if the President determines such action is necessary in the national interest.
(b) The Chief of Staff, while so serving, has the grade of general without vacating his permanent grade.
(c) Except as otherwise prescribed by law and subject to section 8013 (f) of this title, the Chief of Staff performs his duties under the authority, direction, and control of the Secretary of the Air Force and is directly responsible to the Secretary.
(d) Subject to the authority, direction, and control of the Secretary of the Air Force, the Chief of Staff shall
(1) preside over the Air Staff;
(2) transmit the plans and recommendations of the Air Staff to the Secretary and advise the Secretary with regard to such plans and recommendations;
(3) after approval of the plans or recommendations of the Air Staff by the Secretary, act as the agent of the Secretary in carrying them into effect;
(4) exercise supervision, consistent with the authority assigned to commanders of unified or specified combatant commands under chapter 6 of this title, over such of the members and organizations of the Air Force as the Secretary determines;
(5) perform the duties prescribed for him by section 171 of this title and other provisions of law; and
(6) perform such other military duties, not otherwise assigned by law, as are assigned to him by the President, the Secretary of Defense, or the Secretary of the Air Force.
(e) 
(1) The Chief of Staff shall also perform the duties prescribed for him as a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff under section 151 of this title.
(2) To the extent that such action does not impair the independence of the Chief of Staff in the performance of his duties as a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Chief of Staff shall inform the Secretary regarding military advice rendered by members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff on matters affecting the Department of the Air Force.
(3) Subject to the authority, direction, and control of the Secretary of Defense, the Chief of Staff shall keep the Secretary of the Air Force fully informed of significant military operations affecting the duties and responsibilities of the Secretary.

10 USC 8034 - Vice Chief of Staff

(a) There is a Vice Chief of Staff of the Air Force, appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, from the general officers of the Air Force.
(b) The Vice Chief of Staff of the Air Force, while so serving, has the grade of general without vacating his permanent grade.
(c) The Vice Chief of Staff has such authority and duties with respect to the Department of the Air Force as the Chief of Staff, with the approval of the Secretary of the Air Force, may delegate to or prescribe for him. Orders issued by the Vice Chief of Staff in performing such duties have the same effect as those issued by the Chief of Staff.
(d) When there is a vacancy in the office of Chief of Staff or during the absence or disability of the Chief of Staff
(1) the Vice Chief of Staff shall perform the duties of the Chief of Staff until a successor is appointed or the absence or disability ceases; or
(2) if there is a vacancy in the office of the Vice Chief of Staff or the Vice Chief of Staff is absent or disabled, unless the President directs otherwise, the most senior officer of the Air Force in the Air Staff who is not absent or disabled and who is not restricted in performance of duty shall perform the duties of the Chief of Staff until a successor to the Chief of Staff or the Vice Chief of Staff is appointed or until the absence or disability of the Chief of Staff or Vice Chief of Staff ceases, whichever occurs first.

10 USC 8035 - Deputy Chiefs of Staff and Assistant Chiefs of Staff

(a) The Deputy Chiefs of Staff and the Assistant Chiefs of Staff shall be general officers detailed to those positions.
(b) The Secretary of the Air Force shall prescribe the number of Deputy Chiefs of Staff and Assistant Chiefs of Staff, for a total of not more than eight positions.

10 USC 8036 - Surgeon General: appointment; grade

There is a Surgeon General of the Air Force who is appointed by the President by and with the advice and consent of the Senate from officers of the Air Force who are in the Air Force medical department. The Surgeon General, while so serving, has the grade of lieutenant general.

10 USC 8037 - Judge Advocate General, Deputy Judge Advocate General: appointment; duties

(a) There is a Judge Advocate General in the Air Force, who is appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, from officers of the Air Force. The term of office is four years. The Judge Advocate General, while so serving, has the grade of lieutenant general.
(b) The Judge Advocate General of the Air Force shall be appointed from those officers who at the time of appointment are members of the bar of a Federal court or the highest court of a State, and who have had at least eight years of experience in legal duties as commissioned officers.
(c) The Judge Advocate General, in addition to other duties prescribed by law
(1) is the legal adviser of the Secretary of the Air Force and of all officers and agencies of the Department of the Air Force;
(2) shall direct the officers of the Air Force designated as judge advocates in the performance of their duties; and
(3) shall receive, revise, and have recorded the proceedings of courts of inquiry and military commissions.
(d) 
(1) There is a Deputy Judge Advocate General in the Air Force, who is appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, from officers of the Air Force who have the qualifications prescribed in subsection (b) for the Judge Advocate General. The term of office of the Deputy Judge Advocate General is four years. An officer appointed as Deputy Judge Advocate General who holds a lower regular grade shall be appointed in the regular grade of major general.
(2) When there is a vacancy in the office of the Judge Advocate General, or during the absence or disability of the Judge Advocate General, the Deputy Judge Advocate General shall perform the duties of the Judge Advocate General until a successor is appointed or the absence or disability ceases.
(3) When paragraph (2) cannot be complied with because of the absence or disability of the Deputy Judge Advocate General, the heads of the major divisions of the Office of the Judge Advocate General, in the order directed by the Secretary of the Air Force, shall perform the duties of the Judge Advocate General, unless otherwise directed by the President.
(e) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the Air Force, in selecting an officer for recommendation to the President under subsection (a) for appointment as the Judge Advocate General or under subsection (d) for appointment as the Deputy Judge Advocate General, shall ensure that the officer selected is recommended by a board of officers that, insofar as practicable, is subject to the procedures applicable to selection boards convened under chapter 36 of this title.
(f) No officer or employee of the Department of Defense may interfere with
(1) the ability of the Judge Advocate General to give independent legal advice to the Secretary of the Air Force or the Chief of Staff of the Air Force; or
(2) the ability of officers of the Air Force who are designated as judge advocates who are assigned or attached to, or performing duty with, military units to give independent legal advice to commanders.

10 USC 8038 - Office of Air Force Reserve: appointment of Chief

(a) There is in the executive part of the Department of the Air Force an Office of Air Force Reserve which is headed by a chief who is the adviser to the Chief of Staff on Air Force Reserve matters.
(b) Appointment.— 

(1) The President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall appoint the Chief of Air Force Reserve from general officers of the Air Force Reserve who have had at least 10 years of commissioned service in the Air Force.
(2) The Secretary of Defense may not recommend an officer to the President for appointment as Chief of Air Force Reserve unless the officer
(A) is recommended by the Secretary of the Air Force; and
(B) is determined by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, in accordance with criteria and as a result of a process established by the Chairman, to have significant joint duty experience.
(3) An officer on active duty for service as the Chief of Air Force Reserve shall be counted for purposes of the grade limitations under sections 525 and 526 of this title.
(4) Until December 31, 2006, the Secretary of Defense may waive subparagraph (B) of paragraph (2) with respect to the appointment of an officer as Chief of Air Force Reserve if the Secretary of the Air Force requests the waiver and, in the judgment of the Secretary of Defense
(A) the officer is qualified for service in the position; and
(B) the waiver is necessary for the good of the service.

Any such waiver shall be made on a case-by-case basis.

(c) Term; Reappointment; Grade.— 

(1) The Chief of Air Force Reserve is appointed for a period of four years, but may be removed for cause at any time. An officer serving as Chief of Air Force Reserve may be reappointed for one additional four-year period.
(2) The Chief of Air Force Reserve, while so serving, holds the grade of lieutenant general.
(d) Budget.— 
The Chief of Air Force Reserve is the official within the executive part of the Department of the Air Force who, subject to the authority, direction, and control of the Secretary of the Air Force and the Chief of Staff, is responsible for preparation, justification, and execution of the personnel, operation and maintenance, and construction budgets for the Air Force Reserve. As such, the Chief of Air Force Reserve is the director and functional manager of appropriations made for the Air Force Reserve in those areas.
(e) Full Time Support Program.— 
The Chief of Air Force Reserve manages, with respect to the Air Force Reserve, the personnel program of the Department of Defense known as the Full Time Support Program.
(f) Annual Report.— 

(1) The Chief of Air Force Reserve shall submit to the Secretary of Defense, through the Secretary of the Air Force, an annual report on the state of the Air Force Reserve and the ability of the Air Force Reserve to meet its missions. The report shall be prepared in conjunction with the Chief of Staff of the Air Force and may be submitted in classified and unclassified versions.
(2) The Secretary of Defense shall transmit the annual report of the Chief of Air Force Reserve under paragraph (1) to Congress, together with such comments on the report as the Secretary considers appropriate. The report shall be transmitted at the same time each year that the annual report of the Secretary under section 113 of this title is submitted to Congress.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 807 - THE AIR FORCE

10 USC 8061 - Regulations

The President may prescribe regulations for the government of the Air Force.

10 USC 8062 - Policy; composition; aircraft authorization

(a) It is the intent of Congress to provide an Air Force that is capable, in conjunction with the other armed forces, of
(1) preserving the peace and security, and providing for the defense, of the United States, the Commonwealths and possessions, and any areas occupied by the United States;
(2) supporting the national policies;
(3) implementing the national objectives; and
(4) overcoming any nations responsible for aggressive acts that imperil the peace and security of the United States.
(b) There is a United States Air Force within the Department of the Air Force.
(c) In general, the Air Force includes aviation forces both combat and service not otherwise assigned. It shall be organized, trained, and equipped primarily for prompt and sustained offensive and defensive air operations. It is responsible for the preparation of the air forces necessary for the effective prosecution of war except as otherwise assigned and, in accordance with integrated joint mobilization plans, for the expansion of the peacetime components of the Air Force to meet the needs of war.
(d) The Air Force consists of
(1) the Regular Air Force, the Air National Guard of the United States, the Air National Guard while in the service of the United States, and the Air Force Reserve;
(2) all persons appointed or enlisted in, or conscripted into, the Air Force without component; and
(3) all Air Force units and other Air Force organizations, with their installations and supporting and auxiliary combat, training, administrative, and logistic elements; and all members of the Air Force, including those not assigned to units; necessary to form the basis for a complete and immediate mobilization for the national defense in the event of a national emergency.
(e) Subject to subsection (f) of this section, chapter 831 of this title, and the strength authorized by law pursuant to section 115 of this title, the authorized strength of the Air Force is 70 Regular Air Force groups and such separate Regular Air Force squadrons, reserve groups, and supporting and auxiliary regular and reserve units as required.
(f) There are authorized for the Air Force 24,000 serviceable aircraft or 225,000 airframe tons of serviceable aircraft, whichever the Secretary of the Air Force considers appropriate to carry out this section. This subsection does not apply to guided missiles.
(g) 
(1) Effective October 1, 2008, the Secretary of the Air Force shall maintain a total aircraft inventory of strategic airlift aircraft of not less than 299 aircraft.
(2) In this subsection:
(A) The term strategic airlift aircraft means an aircraft
(i) that has a cargo capacity of at least 150,000 pounds; and
(ii) that is capable of transporting outsized cargo an unrefueled range of at least 2,400 nautical miles.
(B) The term outsized cargo means any single item of equipment that exceeds 1,090 inches in length, 117 inches in width, or 105 inches in height.

10 USC 8066 - Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 201, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2878]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 494; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 33(a)(36), 72 Stat. 1566, authorized President, by and with consent of the Senate, to make temporary appointments in grades of general and lieutenant general from officers of Air Force on active duty in any grade above brigadier general and specified the number of positions in each such grade. See section 601 of this title.

10 USC 8067 - Designation: officers to perform certain professional functions

(a) Medical functions in the Air Force shall be performed by commissioned officers of the Air Force who are qualified under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Air Force and who are designated as medical officers.
(b) Dental functions in the Air Force shall be performed by commissioned officers of the Air Force who are qualified under regulations prescribed by the Secretary and who are designated as dental officers.
(c) Veterinary functions in the Air Force shall be performed by commissioned officers of the Air Force who are qualified under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, and who are designated as veterinary officers.
(d) Medical service functions in the Air Force shall be performed by commissioned officers of the Air Force who are qualified under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, and who are designated as medical service officers.
(e) Nursing functions in the Air Force shall be performed by commissioned officers of the Air Force who are qualified under regulations prescribed by the Secretary and who are designated as Air Force nurses.
(f) Biomedical science functions, including physician assistant functions and chiropractic functions, in the Air Force shall be performed by commissioned officers of the Air Force who are qualified under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, and who are designated as biomedical science officers.
(g) Judge advocate functions in the Air Force shall be performed by commissioned officers of the Air Force who are qualified under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, and who are designated as judge advocates.
(h) Chaplain functions in the Air Force shall be performed by commissioned officers of the Air Force who are qualified under regulations prescribed by the Secretary and who are designated as chaplains.
(i) Other functions in the Air Force requiring special training or experience shall be performed by members of the Air Force who are qualified under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, and who are designated as being in named categories.

10 USC 8069 - Air Force nurses: Chief and assistant chief; appointment; grade

(a) Positions of Chief and Assistant Chief.— 
There are a Chief and assistant chief of the Air Force Nurse Corps.
(b) Chief.— 
The Secretary of the Air Force shall appoint the Chief from the officers of the Regular Air Force designated as Air Force nurses whose regular grade is above lieutenant colonel and who are recommended by the Surgeon General. An appointee who holds a lower regular grade shall be appointed in the regular grade of major general. The Chief serves during the pleasure of the Secretary.
(c) Assistant Chief.— 
The Surgeon General shall appoint the assistant chief from the officers of the Regular Air Force designated as Air Force nurses whose regular grade is above lieutenant colonel.

10 USC 8071 - Repealed. Pub. L. 90130, 1(25), Nov. 8, 1967, 81 Stat. 382]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 495, provided for appointment of a female Air Force officer in temporary grade of colonel.

10 USC 8072 - Renumbered 8037]

10 USC 8074 - Commands: territorial organization

(a) Except as otherwise prescribed by law or by the Secretary of Defense, the Air Force shall be divided into such organizations as the Secretary of the Air Force may prescribe.
(b) For Air Force purposes, the United States, its possessions, and other places in which the Air Force is stationed or is operating, may be divided into such areas as directed by the Secretary. Officers of the Air Force may be assigned to command Air Force activities, installations, and personnel in those areas. In the discharge of the Air Forces functions or other functions authorized by law, officers so assigned have the duties and powers prescribed by the Secretary.

10 USC 8075 - Regular Air Force: composition

(a) The Regular Air Force is the component of the Air Force that consists of persons whose continuous service on active duty in both peace and war is contemplated by law, and of retired members of the Regular Air Force.
(b) The Regular Air Force includes
(1) the officers and enlisted members of the Regular Air Force;
(2) the professors, registrar, and cadets at the United States Air Force Academy; and
(3) the retired officers and enlisted members of the Regular Air Force.

8076 to 8080. Repealed. Pub. L. 103337, div. A, title XVI, 1661(a)(3)(A), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2980]

Section 8076, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 496, related to composition of Air Force Reserve. See section 10110 of this title. Section 8077, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 496, related to composition of Air National Guard of United States. See section 10111 of this title. Section 8078, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 496, provided that Air National Guard is component of Air Force when in service of United States. See section 10112 of this title. Section 8079, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 496, related to status of Air National Guard of United States when not in Federal service. See section 10113 of this title. Section 8080, added Pub. L. 86–603, § 1(3)(A), July 7, 1960, 74 Stat. 357, related to authority of officers of Air National Guard of United States with respect to Federal status. See section 10215 of this title.

10 USC 8081 - Assistant Surgeon General for Dental Services

There is an Assistant Surgeon General for Dental Services in the Air Force who is appointed by the Secretary of the Air Force upon the recommendation of the Surgeon General from officers of the Air Force above the grade of lieutenant colonel who are designated as dental officers under section 8067 (b) of this title. An appointee who holds a lower regular grade shall be appointed in the regular grade of major general. The Assistant Surgeon General for Dental Services serves at the pleasure of the Secretary.

10 USC 8084 - Officer career field for space

The Secretary of the Air Force shall establish and implement policies and procedures to develop a career field for officers in the Air Force with technical competence in space-related matters to have the capability to
(1) develop space doctrine and concepts of space operations;
(2) develop space systems; and
(3) operate space systems.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - PART II - PERSONNEL

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 831 - STRENGTH

10 USC 8201 - Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 202, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2878]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 497; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(157), 72 Stat. 1513; Oct. 13, 1964, Pub. L. 88–647, title III, § 301(20), 78 Stat. 1073, prescribed authorized strength of Air Force in members on active duty, exclusive of certain categories, and authorized daily average strength of Air Force in members on active duty during fiscal year, exclusive of certain categories.

10 USC 8202 - Repealed. Pub. L. 101510, div. A, title IV, 403(b)(3)(A), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1545]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 498; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(158), 72 Stat. 1514; Dec. 28, 1967, Pub. L. 90–228, § 1(4), (5), 81 Stat. 745; Dec. 12, 1980, Pub. L. 96–513, title II, § 203(b), 94 Stat. 2879, related to authorized strength of Air Force in general officers on active duty.

8203 to 8209. Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 202, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2878]

Section 8203, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 498; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(159), 72 Stat. 1514, prescribed authorized strength of Regular Air Force in members on active duty, exclusive of officer candidates and aviation cadets. Section 8204, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 499; Aug. 6, 1958, Pub. L. 85–600, § 1(14), 72 Stat. 523, prescribed authorized strength of Regular Air Force in commissioned officers on active list. Section 8205, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 499; Aug. 6, 1958, Pub. L. 85–600, § 1(15), 72 Stat. 523; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(160), 72 Stat. 1514, prescribed authorized strength of Regular Air Force in commissioned officers on active list, exclusive of certain categories. Section 8206, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 499; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title III, § 301(1), 71 Stat. 386; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, § 1(26)(A), 81 Stat. 382, prescribed authorized strength of Air Force nurses in commissioned officers on active list of Regular Air Force. Section 8207, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 499; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title III, § 301(2), 71 Stat. 386; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, § 1(26)(B), 81 Stat. 382, prescribed authorized strength of Air Force medical specialists in commissioned officers on active list of Regular Air Force. Section 8208, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 499; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, § 1(26)(C), 81 Stat. 382, authorized prescribed strength in female commissioned officers on active list of Regular Air Force, other than those designated under section 8067 of this title to perform professional services. Section 8209, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 500; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(156), 72 Stat. 1513; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, § 1(26)(D), 81 Stat. 382, prescribed authorized strength of Regular Air Force in commissioned officers on active list in each of categories of officers designated under section 8067 of this title.

10 USC 8210 - Regular Air Force: strength in grade; general officers

(a) Subject to section 526 of this title, the authorized strength of the Regular Air Force in general officers on the active-duty list is 75/10,000 of the authorized strength of the Regular Air Force in commissioned officers on the active-duty list. Of this authorized strength, not more than one-half may be in a regular grade above brigadier general.
(b) When the application of subsection (a) results in a fraction, a fraction of one-half or more is counted as one, and a fraction of less than one-half is disregarded.
(c) General officers on the active-duty list of the Regular Air Force who are specifically authorized by law to hold a civil office under the United States, or an instrumentality thereof, are not counted in determining authorized strength under this section.

10 USC 8211 - Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 202, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2878]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 501; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(162), 72 Stat. 1514, prescribed authorized strength of Regular Air Force in officers in each regular grade on each of promotion lists authorized by section 8296 of this title. See section 521 et seq. of this title.

10 USC 8212 - Repealed. Pub. L. 103337, div. A, title XVI, 1662(a)(3), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2988]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 501; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title III, § 301(3), 71 Stat. 386; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(163), 72 Stat. 1515; June 30, 1960, Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(48), 74 Stat. 275; Dec. 12, 1980, Pub. L. 96–513, title V, § 504(8), 94 Stat. 2916, related to temporary increases in authorized strength in grade of Air Reserve and Air National Guard of United States. See section 12009 of this title.

8213 to 8215. Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 202, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2878]

Section 8213, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 501, prescribed authorized strength of Regular Air Force in warrant officers on active list. Section 8214, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 501; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(159), 72 Stat. 1514, prescribed authorized strength of Regular Air Force in enlisted members on active duty, exclusive of officer candidates and aviation cadets. Section 8215, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 502; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, § 1(26)(E), (F), 81 Stat. 382, prescribed authorized strength of Regular Air Force in female warrant officers on active list.

8217 to 8225. Repealed. Pub. L. 103337, div. A, title XVI, 1662(a)(3), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2988]

Section 8217, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(164)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1515, related to authorized strength of Air Force in reserve commissioned officers in active status. See section 12003 of this title. Section 8218, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(164)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1515; amended Pub. L. 96–107, title III, § 302(d), Nov. 9, 1979, 93 Stat. 806; Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, 1234(a)(1), Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2059; Pub. L. 102–190, div. A, title X, 1061(a)(23)(B), Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1473, related to authorized strength of Air Force in reserve general officers in active status. See section 12004 of this title. Section 8219, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(164)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1515, related to authorized strength of Air Force in reserve commissioned officers in grades below brigadier general in active status. See section 12005 (a) of this title. Section 8221, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 502, related to authorized strength of Air Force Reserve. See section 12001 of this title. Section 8222, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 502; Dec. 12, 1980, Pub. L. 96–513, title V, § 504(9), 94 Stat. 2916, related to authorized strength of Air Force Reserve, exclusive of members on active duty. See section 12002 (a) of this title. Section 8223, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 502, related to authorized strength of Air Force Reserve in warrant officers. See section 12008 of this title. Section 8224, act Aug. 10, 1956. ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 502, related to authorized strength of Air National Guard of United States. See section 12001 of this title. Section 8225, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 503; Dec. 12, 1980, Pub. L. 96–513, title V, § 504(9), 94 Stat. 2916; Sept. 29, 1988, Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, 1234(a)(1), 102 Stat. 2059, related to authorized strength of Air National Guard and Air National Guard of United States, exclusive of members on active duty. See section 12002 of this title.

10 USC 8230 - Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 232, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2886]

Section, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(164)(B), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1515, provided that members of Air Force who are detailed for any duty with agencies of United States outside the Department of Defense on a reimbursable basis not be counted in computing strengths under any law.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 833 - ENLISTMENTS

10 USC 8251 - Definition

In this chapter, the term enlistment means original enlistment or reenlistment.

10 USC 8252 - Regular Air Force: gender-free basis for acceptance of original enlistments

In accepting persons for original enlistment in the Regular Air Force, the Secretary of the Air Force may not
(1) set a minimum or maximum percentage of persons who may be accepted for such an enlistment according to gender for skill categories or jobs; or
(2) in any other way base the acceptance of a person for such an enlistment on gender.

10 USC 8253 - Repealed. Pub. L. 109163, div. A, title V, 542(b)(1), Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3253]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 503; Pub. L. 87–143, § 1(2), Aug. 17, 1961, 75 Stat. 364; Pub. L. 90–235, § 2(a)(4)(A), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 756; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, § 514(2), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2935, provided that, in peace time, Air Force enlistment was available only to citizens and persons lawfully admitted to the United States for permanent residence.

8254 to 8256. Repealed. Pub. L. 90235, 2(a) (4)(B), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 756]

Section 8254, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 503, provided for temporary enlistments in Air Force during war or emergency. Section 8255, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 504, provided for recruiting campaigns to obtain enlistments in Regular Air Force. Section 8256, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 504, set forth qualifications for and term of enlistments in Regular Air Force and grade in which such enlistments were made.

10 USC 8257 - Regular Air Force: aviation cadets; qualifications, grade, limitations

(a) The grade of aviation cadet is a special enlisted grade in the Regular Air Force.
(b) Any citizen of the United States may be enlisted as an aviation cadet, if he is otherwise qualified.
(c) Any enlisted member of the Regular Air Force who is otherwise qualified may be designated, with his consent, as an aviation cadet by the Secretary of the Air Force.
(d) Except in time of war or of emergency declared by Congress, at least 20 percent of the aviation cadets designated in each fiscal year shall be selected from members of the Regular Air Force or the Regular Army who are eligible and qualified. No person may be enlisted or designated as an aviation cadet unless
(1) he agrees in writing that, upon his successful completion of the course of training as an aviation cadet, he will accept a commission as second lieutenant in the Air Force Reserve, and will serve on active duty as such for a period of three years, unless sooner released; and
(2) if under 21 years of age, he has the consent of his parent or guardian to his agreement.
(e) While on active duty, an aviation cadet is entitled to uniforms, clothing, and equipment at the expense of the United States.

10 USC 8258 - Regular Air Force: reenlistment after service as an officer

(a) Any former enlisted member of the Regular Air Force who has served on active duty as an officer of the Air Force, or who was discharged as an enlisted member to accept an appointment as an officer of the Air Force, is entitled to be reenlisted in the Regular Air Force in the enlisted grade that he held before his service as an officer, without loss of seniority or credit for service, regardless of the existence of a vacancy in his grade or of a physical disability incurred or having its inception in line of duty, if
(1)  his service as an officer is terminated by an honorable discharge or he is relieved from active duty for a purpose other than to await appellate review of a sentence that includes dismissal or dishonorable discharge, and
(2)  he applies for reenlistment within six months (or such other period as the Secretary of the Air Force prescribes for exceptional circumstances) after termination of that service.
(b) A person is not entitled to be reenlisted under this section if
(1) the person was discharged or released from active duty as an officer on the basis of a determination of
(A) misconduct;
(B) moral or professional dereliction;
(C) duty performance below prescribed standards for the grade held; or
(D) retention being inconsistent with the interests of national security; or
(2) the persons former enlisted status and grade was based solely on the participation by that person in a precommissioning program that resulted in the commission held by that person during the active duty from which the person was released or discharged.

8259 to 8261. Repealed. Pub. L. 103337, div. A, title XVI, 1662(b)(3), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2990]

Section 8259, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 505; Sept. 29, 1988, Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, 1234(a)(1), 102 Stat. 2059, related to transfers in grade of members of Air National Guard of United States to Air Force Reserve. See section 12105 of this title. Section 8260, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 505, provided that enlisted members of Air National Guard of United States are transferred to Air Force Reserve upon withdrawal as members of Air National Guard. See section 12106 of this title. Section 8261, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 505; Oct. 4, 1961, Pub. L. 87–378, § 4, 75 Stat. 808, related to enlistment in Air National Guard of United States. See section 12107 of this title.

8262, 8263. Repealed. Pub. L. 90235, 2(a)(4)(B), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 756]

Section 8262, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 506; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(166)(A), 72 Stat. 1516, provided for extension of enlistment of members of the Air Force needing medical care or hospitalization. Section 8263, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(166)(B), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1516; Pub. L. 87–649, § 14c(53), Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 501, provided for voluntary extension of enlistments in the Air Force.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 835 - APPOINTMENTS IN THE REGULAR AIR FORCE

10 USC 8281 - Commissioned officer grades

The commissioned grades in the Regular Air Force are:
(1) Major general.
(2) Brigadier general.
(3) Colonel.
(4) Lieutenant colonel.
(5) Major.
(6) Captain.
(7) First lieutenant.
(8) Second lieutenant.

8284 to 8289. Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 204, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2880]

Section 8284, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 507, provided that appointments in commissioned grades in Regular Air Force be made by President, by and with advice and consent of Senate. See section 531 of this title. Section 8285, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 507; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title III, § 301(4), 71 Stat. 386; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(167), 72 Stat. 1516, prescribed eligibility requirements for original appointment in a commissioned grade in Regular Air Force, except designation as a medical or dental officer and except a graduating cadet. See section 532 of this title. Section 8286, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 507; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title III, § 301(5), 71 Stat. 386; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(168), 72 Stat. 1517, prescribed age limitations for original appointment in a commissioned grade in Regular Air Force, except designation as a medical or dental officer or as an Air Force nurse or medical specialist. See section 532 of this title. Section 8287, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 508; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title III, § 301(6), 71 Stat. 386; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(169), 72 Stat. 1517; Sept. 30, 1966, Pub. L. 89–609, § 1(28), 80 Stat. 854, provided service credit for a person originally appointed in a commissioned grade in Regular Air Force, other than a person appointed as a medical or dental officer, for purpose of determining grade, position on a promotion list, seniority in his grade in Regular Air Force, and eligibility for promotion, with appointment and service credit restrictions on persons who were cadets at the United States Air Force, Military, or Naval Academies but were not graduated, and a disallowance of service credit under this section for persons who graduated from one of these Academies. See section 533 of this title. Section 8288, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 508; Aug. 2, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title III, § 301(7), 71 Stat. 387; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(170), 72 Stat. 1518, provided for determination of grade of a person originally appointed as a commissioned officer in Regular Air Force, other than persons appointed as medical or dental officers. See section 533 of this title. Section 8289, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 509, provided that no person be originally appointed as a first lieutenant in Regular Air Force with a view to designation as a medical officer until he passes an examination of his professional fitness before an examining board composed of at least three medical officers designated by Secretary of Air Force. See section 532 of this title.

10 USC 8291 - Repealed. Pub. L. 85155, title IV, 401(1), Aug. 21, 1957, 71 Stat. 390]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 509, related to original appointments in Regular Air Force of nurses or woman medical specialists, and prescribed qualifications for appointment as a nurse.

8293 to 8303. Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 204, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2880]

Section 8293, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 509, provided that no person in civil life be originally appointed as a chaplain in Regular Air Force unless he has passed an examination prescribed by President as to his moral, mental, and physical qualifications. See section 532 of this title. Section 8294, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 509; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(173), 72 Stat. 1518, provided that original appointments in Regular Air Force be made in grades of first lieutenant through colonel for medical and dental officers as Air Force requires, from qualified doctors of medicine, osteopathy, or dentistry who are citizens of the United States and have such other qualifications as Secretary of Air Force prescribes, with specific additional eligibility requirements for a doctor of osteopathy, and that officers so appointed receive service credit for determining grade, position on a promotion list, seniority in grade in Regular Air Force, and eligibility for promotion. See section 532 of this title. Section 8295, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 510; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(174), 72 Stat. 1519, provided for determination of place on a promotion list of the name of each person who is originally appointed in a commissioned grade in Regular Air Force and whose name is carried on a promotion list, other than persons appointed as medical or dental officers or as an Air Force nurse or medical specialist. See section 624 of this title. Section 8296, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 510; Aug. 6, 1958, Pub. L. 85–600, § 1(16), 72 Stat. 523; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(156), (175), 72 Stat. 1513, 1519, provided for promotion lists in Regular Air Force for all commissioned officers in grades below brigadier general on active list, with exceptions, which officers are known as promotion-list officers, a separate list for chaplains, judge advocates, medical officers, dental officers, veterinary officers, medical service officers, Air Force nurses, Air Force medical specialists, and any category established by Secretary of Air Force under section 8067 (i) of this title, and determination of place on list upon transfer or promotion. See section 624 of this title. Section 8297, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 510; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title III, § 301(8), 71 Stat. 387; July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–616, § 6(1), 74 Stat. 391, provided for selection boards to recommend promotion-list officers and brigadier generals of Regular Air Force for promotion in Regular Air Force. See section 611 et seq. of this title. Section 8298, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 511; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title III, § 301(9), title IV, 401(1), 71 Stat. 387, 390, provided for promotion from grade of second lieutenant to first lieutenant after three years of service, discharge under section 8814 of this title upon failure of promotion, and filling vacancies for first lieutenants with second lieutenants, except Air Force nurses and medical specialists, prior to completion of three years of service. See section 630 of this title. Section 8299, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 511; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title III, § 301(10), title IV, 401(1), 71 Stat. 387, 390; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 33(a)(21), 72 Stat. 1565; Sept. 30, 1966, Pub. L. 89–609, § 1(29), 80 Stat. 854; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, § 1(27)(A), 81 Stat. 382, provided that promotion-list officers be promoted to regular grades of captain, major, and lieutenant colonel, after specified length of service or without regard to length of service in view of actual or anticipated vacancies if Secretary of Air Force so directs, or be eliminated from active list under section 8303 of this title and a promotion-list officer who has twice been considered and not recommended for promotion to any one regular grade not be again considered for promotion under this section. See sections 631 and 632 of this title. Section 8300, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 513; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title III, § 301(11), 71 Stat. 388; July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–616, § 6(2), 74 Stat. 391; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, § 1(27)(B), 81 Stat. 382, provided for selection board procedure when promotion-list officers in regular grade of first lieutenant, captain, or major are to be considered for promotion under section 8299 of this title. See section 611 et seq. of this title. Section 8301, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 513; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title III, § 301(12), 71 Stat. 388; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, § 1(27)(C), 81 Stat. 382, provided for, in addition to method prescribed in section 8300 of this title, promotion to captain, major, or lieutenant colonel of officers with special qualifications, whenever there are vacancies on Air Force promotion list in regular grade of captain, major, or lieutenant colonel and Secretary of Air Force considers that there are or will be too few officers in any of those grades with special qualifications. Section 8302, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 513, related to promotion to captain, major, or lieutenant colonel of commissioned medical, dental, or veterinary officers in Regular Air Force upon examination of professional fitness and effect upon failure of promotion. See sections 631 and 632 of this title. Section 8303, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 514; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title III, § 301(13), 71 Stat. 388; July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–616, § 6(3), 74 Stat. 391; June 28, 1962, Pub. L. 87–509, § 4(a), 76 Stat. 121; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, § 1(27)(D), 81 Stat. 382, related to effect of failure of a promotion-list officer considered for promotion to grade of captain, major, or lieutenant colonel under section 8299 of this title to be recommended for promotion, which officer was to be know as a deferred officer. See sections 631 and 632 of this title.

10 USC 8304 - Repealed. Pub. L. 85155, title IV, 401(1), Aug. 21, 1957, 71 Stat. 390]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 515, related to promotion of Air Force nurses or women medical specialists to grades of first lieutenant, captain, major, lieutenant colonel, or colonel.

8305 to 8309. Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 204, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2880]

Section 8305, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 516; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title III, § 301(14), 71 Stat. 388; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, § 1(27)(E), 81 Stat. 382, related to promotion of officers in regular grade of lieutenant colonel to grade of colonel. See section 619 et seq. of this title. Section 8306, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 516, related to promotion of officers in regular grade of colonel to grade of brigadier general. See section 619 et seq. of this title. Section 8307, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 517, related to promotion of officers in regular grade of brigadier general to grade of major general. See section 619 et seq. of this title. Section 8308, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 518, related to effect of removal from recommended list by President of name of any promotion-list officer or brigadier general of Regular Air Force who in Presidents opinion is not qualified for promotion or who is not confirmed by Senate. See section 629 of this title. Section 8309, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 518, provided that President prescribe a system of physical examination for all commissioned officers of Regular Air Force in grades below brigadier general to determine their fitness for promotion in Regular Air Force. See section 624 of this title.

10 USC 8310 - Warrant officers: original appointment; qualifications

Original appointments as warrant officers in the Regular Air Force shall be made from persons who have served on active duty at least one year in the Air Force.

8312 to 8314. Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 204, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2880]

Section 8312, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 519, provided that an officer who is promoted in Regular Air Force is considered to have accepted his promotion on date of order announcing it, unless he expressly declines it, without need to take the oath of office upon promotion if his service since last taking it has been continuous. See section 626 of this title. Section 8313, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 519, provided that in time of war or national emergency declared by Congress or President, the President may suspend operation of any provision of law relating to promotion, mandatory retirement, or separation of commissioned officers of Regular Air Force. See section 123 (a), (b) of this title. Section 8314, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(177)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1519, provided that promotion to a higher grade of a commissioned officer of Regular Air Force who is on a recommendation list awaiting promotion not be withheld or delayed because of original appointment of any other person to a commissioned grade in Regular Air Force and that this section does not apply to appointments as medical or dental officers or Air Force nurses or medical specialists. See section 624 of this title.

[CHAPTER 837 - REPEALED]

10 USC 8351 - Renumbered 12212]

10 USC 8352 - Renumbered 12214]

8353, 8354. Repealed. Pub. L. 103337, div. A, title XVI, 1629(c)(1), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2963]

Section 8353, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(178)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1520; amended Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(49), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 275; Pub. L. 96–513, title II, § 205(b), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2882; Pub. L. 97–22, § 7, July 10, 1981, 95 Stat. 131; Pub. L. 98–94, title X, § 1007(c)(5), Sept. 24, 1983, 97 Stat. 662; Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title VII, 714(d), Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1113; Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title V, 509(d), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1648, related to service credit upon original appointment as reserve commissioned officer in Air Force. See section 12207 of this title. Section 8354, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 520; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(178)(B), 72 Stat. 1520, related to appointment of warrant officers and enlisted members of Air National Guard of United States as reserve officers.

10 USC 8355 - Repealed. Pub. L. 88647, title III, 301(21), Oct. 13, 1964, 78 Stat. 1073]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 520; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 33(a)(22), 72 Stat. 1565, related to appointment of graduates of junior or senior division of Air Force Reserve Officers Training Corps as reserve commissioned officers.

10 USC 8356 - Repealed. Pub. L. 103337, div. A, title XVI, 1636(b), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2968]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 520, related to appointment and promotion of aviation cadets as commissioned officers in Air Force Reserve.

8358 to 8368. Repealed. Pub. L. 103337, div. A, title XVI, 1629(c)(1), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2963]

Section 8358, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(178)(C), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1520, related to service credit upon original appointment as commissioned officer in grade below colonel. See section 12201 et seq. of this title. Section 8359, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(178)(C), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1521; amended Pub. L. 98–94, title X, § 1014(b), Sept. 24, 1983, 97 Stat. 666; Pub. L. 98–525, title V, § 521(b), Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2522; Pub. L. 99–145, title V, § 521(a), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 631; Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title V, 502(a), Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1085; Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title V, 503(a), Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1437; Pub. L. 102–484, div. A, title V, 519(a), Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2408; Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title V, 514(a), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1649; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title V, 511(a), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 298, related to determination of grade upon original appointment as reserve officer of Air Force. See section 12201 et seq. of this title. Section 8360, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(178)(C), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1521; amended Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, 1234(a)(1), Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2059; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XV, 1501(c)(30), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 500, related to service required for promotion of reserve commissioned officers. See section 14001 et seq. of this title. Section 8361, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(178)(C), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1522; amended Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(50), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 275, related to seniority for purposes of promotion of reserve commissioned officers. See section 14301 et seq. of this title. Section 8362, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(178)(C), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1522; amended Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(51), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 275, related to convening of selection boards to consider reserve commissioned officers for promotion. See section 14101 et seq. of this title. Section 8363, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(178)(C), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1522; amended Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(52), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 275; Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, 1234(a)(1), Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2059, related to requirements and procedures for promotion of officers in reserve grades. See section 14301 et seq. of this title. Section 8365, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(178)(C), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1523, related to promotion of second lieutenants of Air Force Reserve. See section 14301 et seq. of this title. Section 8366, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(178)(C), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1523; amended Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(53), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 275; Pub. L. 90–130, § 1(28)(A), Nov. 8, 1967, 81 Stat. 382, related to promotion of first lieutenants, captains, and majors of Air Force Reserve or Air National Guard of United States. See section 14301 et seq. of this title. Section 8367, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(178)(C), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1525; amended Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(54), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 276, related to selection board procedures for promotion of first lieutenants, captains, and majors of Air Force Reserve or Air National Guard of United States. See section 14001 et seq. of this title. Section 8368, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(178)(C), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1525; amended Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(55), June 30, 1960. 74 Stat. 276; Pub. L. 90–130, § 1(28)(B), Nov. 8, 1967, 81 Stat. 382; Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title XII, 1231(19)(B), Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1161, related to effect of failure of promotion of reserve officers in grades of first lieutenant, captain, and major. See section 14301 et seq. of this title.

10 USC 8370 - Repealed. Pub. L. 90130, 1(28)(C), Nov. 8, 1967, 81 Stat. 382]

Section, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(178)(C), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1526; Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(56), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 276, placed restrictions on promotion consideration of Air Force nurses, medical specialists, and female officers being considered for promotion to the Reserve grades of lieutenant colonel and colonel.

8371 to 8378. Repealed. Pub. L. 103337, div. A, title XVI, 1629(c)(1), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2963]

Section 8371, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(178)(C), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1527, related to promotion of officers to grade of colonel to fill vacancies in Air Force Reserve. See section 14301 et seq. of this title. Section 8372, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(178)(C), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1527; amended Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(57), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 276, related to promotion of officers with special qualifications to grade of captain, major, lieutenant colonel, or colonel of Air Force Reserve. See section 14301 et seq. of this title. Section 8373, added Pub. L. 89–172, § 1, Sept. 8, 1965, 79 Stat. 662, related to promotion of officers to grades of brigadier general and major general of Air Force Reserve. See section 14315 of this title. A prior section 8373, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(178)(C), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1528; amended Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(58), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 277, containing similar subject matter, expired by its own terms on June 30, 1964. Section 8374, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(178)(C), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1528, provided that promotion of reserve commissioned officers be effective upon Federal recognition in next higher grade of Air National Guard. See section 14308 (f) of this title. Section 8375, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(178)(C), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1528; amended Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(59), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 277; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, § 514(3), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2935, related to transfer or discharge of officers promoted to reserve grade of brigadier general or major general ceasing to occupy those positions. See section 14314 (a), (c) of this title. Section 8376, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(178)(C), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1528; amended Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(60), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 277, related to promotion of commissioned officers of Air Force Reserve or Air National Guard of United States to higher reserve grades after temporary appointments. See section 14301 et seq. of this title. Section 8377, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(178)(C), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1529; amended Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(61), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 277, related to effect of removal of reserve commissioned officer from recommended promotion list by President. See section 14301 et seq. of this title. Section 8378, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(178)(C), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1530, related to promotion of reserve commissioned officers removed from active status. See section 14317 (a) of this title.

10 USC 8379 - Repealed. Pub. L. 103337, div. A, title XVI, 1636(c), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2968]

Section, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(178)(C), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1530, provided that appointing commissioned officers of Air National Guard was function of governors.

8380 to 8396. Repealed. Pub. L. 103337, div. A, title XVI, 1629(c)(1), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2963]

Section 8380, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(178)(C), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1530; amended Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(62), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 277; Pub. L. 98–94, title X, § 1015(b)(1), Sept. 24, 1983, 97 Stat. 667; Pub. L. 99–145, title V, § 521(b), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 631; Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title V, 502(b)(1), Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1085; Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title V, 503(b)(1), Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1437; Pub. L. 102–484, div. A, title V, 519(b), Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2408; Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title V, 514(b), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1649; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title V, 511(b), title XV, 1501(c)(31), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 298, 500, related to promotion of reserve commissioned officers on active duty and not on the active duty list. See section 14311 (e) of this title. Section 8381, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(178)(C), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1531; amended Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, 1234(a)(1), Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2059, related to transfer, discharge, or withdrawal of Federal recognition of reserve officers ceasing to occupy position of adjutant general or assistant adjutant general. See section 14314 (b), (c) of this title. Section 8392, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(178)(C), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1531; amended Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, 1234(a)(1), Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2059, related to appointment of adjutant general or assistant adjutant general in reserve commissioned grade in which Federal recognition in Air National Guard was extended. See section 12215 (b) of this title. Section 8393, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(178)(C), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1531, provided that sea or foreign service not to be required for promotion of reserve commissioned officers in reserve grades. Section 8394, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 521, related to acceptance of promotion by officers of Air National Guard of United States or Air Force Reserve. See section 14309 of this title. Section 8395, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 521, related to appointment of reserve officers in time of war. See section 14317 (e) of this title. Section 8396, added Pub. L. 96–513, title II, § 206(b), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2884, provided that this chapter, except section 8353, did not apply to reserve officers on active-duty list.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 839 - TEMPORARY APPOINTMENTS

8441, 8442. Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 207, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2884]

Section 8441, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 521, provided that temporary appointments be made only in the Air Force without specification of component. Section 8442, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 521, provided that a regular commissioned officer, or a reserve commissioned officer who is serving on active duty, may be appointed, based upon ability and efficiency with regard being given to seniority and age, in a temporary grade that is equal to or higher than his regular or reserve grade, without vacating any other grade held by him. See section 601 of this title.

10 USC 8443 - Repealed. Pub. L. 85861, 36B(25), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1571]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 522, related to grade of reserve commissioned officers ordered to active duty or serving on active duty.

8444, 8445. Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 207, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2884]

Section 8444, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 522; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(180)(A), 72 Stat. 1532, authorized President, in time of war or national emergency, to appoint any qualified person, including a person who is not a Regular or Reserve, in any temporary grade, provided for vacation of the appointment, and permitted, for purposes of determining grade, position on a promotion list, seniority in temporary grade, and eligibility for promotion, a medical or dental officer of the Air Force who is appointed in a temporary grade to be credited, when he enters active duty, with the constructive service authorized by section 8294 (b) of this title. See section 603 of this title. Section 8445, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 522; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(180)(B), 72 Stat. 1532, provided that in addition to temporary appointments authorized, in time of war or national emergency, a regular officer or a reserve warrant officer may be appointed in any temporary grade higher than his regular or reserve grade, without vacating that grade, or a person who holds no commissioned grade in Regular Air Force be appointed in any temporary commissioned grade. See section 603 of this title.

10 USC 8446 - Retention on active duty

The President may retain on active duty a disabled officer until
(1) the physical condition of the officer is such that the officer will not be further benefited by retention in a military hospital or a medical facility of the Department of Veterans Affairs; or
(2) the officer is processed for physical disability benefits provided by law.

10 USC 8447 - Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 207, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2884]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 523; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(180)(D), 72 Stat. 1532; Sept. 28, 1971, Pub. L. 92–129, title VI, § 604, 85 Stat. 362, provided that temporary appointment of a person be made without reference to any other appointment that he may hold in the Air Force, temporary appointments of commissioned officers in the Regular Air Force be made by the President alone in grades below lieutenant colonel and by the President, by and with the consent of the Senate, in grades of lieutenant colonel and above, temporary appointments of commissioned officers in the reserve components of the Air Force be made by the President alone in grades below lieutenant colonel and by the President, by and with the consent of the Senate, in grades above major, and that the President may vacate at any time a temporary appointment in a commissioned grade. See section 601 of this title.

8448, 8449. Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 208, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2884]

Section 8448, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 523; Aug. 8, 1958, Pub. L. 85–603, § 1(4), 72 Stat. 526; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 33(a)(39), 72 Stat. 1566, authorized Secretary of the Air Force, upon his determination of need, to appoint qualified persons as warrant officers, with such appointments to continue at pleasure of Secretary, and such warrant officers entitled to count all periods of active duty under appointment as warrant or enlisted service for all purposes and to benefits of all laws and regulations applicable to retirement, pensions, and disability of members of Air Force on active duty. See section 602 of this title. Section 8449, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 523, provided that temporary promotions in warrant officer grades be governed by such regulations as the Secretary of the Air Force prescribe. See section 602 of this title.

10 USC 8450 - Repealed. Pub. L. 90235, 3(b)(1), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 758]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 523, provided for suspension of laws for promotion or mandatory retirement or separation during war or emergency of temporary warrant officers of Air Force.

8451, 8452. Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 207, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2884]

Section 8451, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 524, provided that an officer who is promoted to a temporary grade is considered to have accepted his promotion on date of order announcing it, unless he expressly declines promotion. Section 8452, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(180)(E), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1532, provided that, notwithstanding any other provision of law, a medical or dental officer may be promoted to temporary grade of captain at any time after first anniversary of date upon which he graduated from a medical, osteopathic, or dental school.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 841 - ACTIVE DUTY

10 USC 8491 - Non-regular officers: status

A commissioned officer of the Air Force, other than of the Regular Air Force, who is on active duty in any commissioned grade has the rights and privileges, and is entitled to the benefits, provided by law for a commissioned officer of the Air Force Reserve
(1) whose reserve grade is that in which the officer not of the Regular Air Force is serving;
(2) who has the same length of service as the officer not of the Regular Air Force; and
(3) who is on active duty in his reserve grade.

10 USC 8492 - Repealed. Pub. L. 90235, 1(a)(2), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 753]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 524, provided for extension of active service of Air Force members during war. See section 671a of this title.

10 USC 8494 - Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 209(a), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2884]

Section, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(181)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1532; amended Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(63), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 278, provided that a reserve commissioned officer who is ordered to active duty be ordered to that duty in his reserve grade unless the Secretary of the Air Force orders him to active duty, other than for training, in a higher temporary grade and authorized a reserve commissioned officer who is selected for participation in a program under which he will be ordered to active duty for at least one academic year at a civilian school or college to be ordered, upon his request, to that duty in a temporary grade that is lower than his reserve grade, without affecting his reserve grade. See section 12320 of this title.

8495 to 8502. Repealed. Pub. L. 103337, div. A, title XVI, 1662(f)(2), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2994]

Section 8495, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 524, provided that members of Air National Guard of United States were not in active Federal service except when ordered thereto under law. See section 12401 of this title. Section 8496, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 524, authorized President to order commissioned officers of Air National Guard of United States to active duty in National Guard Bureau. See section 12402 (a), (b)(2) of this title. Section 8497, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 525, provided that members of Air National Guard of United States ordered to active duty were to be ordered to duty as Reserves of Air Force. See section 12403 of this title. Section 8498, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 525, related to organization during initial mobilization of units of Air National Guard of United States ordered into active Federal service. See section 12404 of this title. Section 8499, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 525, related to application of laws governing Air Force to members of Air National Guard called into Federal service. See section 12405 of this title. Section 8500, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 525; Sept. 29, 1988, Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, 1234(a)(1), 102 Stat. 2059, authorized President to call Air National Guard units and members into Federal service. See section 12406 of this title. Section 8501, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 525; Sept. 29, 1988, Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, 1234(a)(1), 102 Stat. 2059, related to period of service and apportionment of members and units of Air National Guard called into Federal service. See section 12407 of this title. Section 8502, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 526, related to physical examinations of members of Air National Guard called into or mustered out of Federal service. See section 12408 of this title.

10 USC 8503 - Retired commissioned officers: status

A retired commissioned officer of the Air Force who is on active duty is considered, for all purposes except promotion, to be an officer of the organization to which he is assigned.

10 USC 8504 - Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 210, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2884]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 526; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, § 1(29), 81 Stat. 382, authorized President to order any retired member of Regular Air Force to active duty and assign him duties considered necessary in interests of national defense. See section 688 of this title.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 843 - SPECIAL APPOINTMENTS, ASSIGNMENTS, DETAILS, AND DUTIES

10 USC 8531 - Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 233(b), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2887]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 526, authorized President, by and with consent of Senate, to appoint a general officer of Air Force as Chief of Staff to President, which officer, unless entitled to rank, pay, and allowances of a grade above lieutenant general under another provision of law, is entitled to rank, pay, and allowances of a general, and is in addition to number otherwise authorized for that grade.

10 USC 8537 - Repealed. Pub. L. 90235, 4(b)(1), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 760]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 526, provided for detail of Air Force officers to duty under Secretary of Commerce in connection with promotion of civil aviation.

10 USC 8540 - Repealed. Pub. L. 88647, title III, 301(23), Oct. 13, 1964, 78 Stat. 1073]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 527, related to detail of members of regular or reserve components as professors and instructors in air science and tactics. See section 2111 of this title.

8541, 8542. Repealed. Pub. L. 103337, div. A, title XVI, 1661(c)(2), 1662(g)(2), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2982, 2996]

Section 8541, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 527, authorized President to assign regular and reserve Air Force officers to National Guard Bureau. See section 10507 of this title. Section 8542, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 527, authorized President to detail certain officers as chief and assistant chief of staff of wings of Air National Guard in Federal service. See section 12502 (b) of this title.

10 USC 8543 - Aides: detail; number authorized

(a) Each major general of the Air Force is entitled to three aides selected by him from commissioned officers of the Air Force in any grade below major.
(b) Each brigadier general of the Air Force is entitled to two aides selected by him from commissioned officers of the Air Force in any grade below captain.

8544, 8545. Repealed. Pub. L. 90235, 4(a)(6), (b)(1), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 759, 760]

Section 8544, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 527, restricted performance of civil functions by commissioned officers of Regular Air Force. See section 973 of this title. Section 8545, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 528, provided that cooking for enlisted members of Air Force should be superintended by officers of organizations to which members belonged.

10 USC 8546 - Repealed. Pub. L. 85861, 36B(26), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1571]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 528, required medical officers and contract surgeons to attend families of members of Air Force.

10 USC 8547 - Duties: chaplains; assistance required of commanding officers

(a) Each chaplain shall, when practicable, hold appropriate religious services at least once on each Sunday for the command to which he is assigned, and shall perform appropriate religious burial services for members of the Air Force who die while in that command.
(b) Each commanding officer shall furnish facilities, including necessary transportation, to any chaplain assigned to his command, to assist the chaplain in performing his duties.

10 USC 8548 - Duties: warrant officers; limitations

Under regulations prescribed by the President, a warrant officer may be assigned to perform duties that necessarily include those normally performed by a commissioned officer.

10 USC 8549 - Repealed. Pub. L. 102190, div. A, title V, 531(a)(1), Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1365]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 528, prohibited assignment of female members, except those designated under section 8067, to duty in aircraft engaged in combat missions.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 845 - RANK AND COMMAND

10 USC 8571 - Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 211, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2885]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 528; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §§ 1(183), 33 (a)(41), 72 Stat. 1533, 1566; June 30, 1960, Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(64), 74 Stat. 278, provided that commissioned officers of Air Force on active duty in same grade rank themselves according to date of rank and specified procedures for determining date of rank. See section 741 of this title.

10 USC 8572 - Rank: commissioned officers serving under temporary appointments

The President may, in accordance with the needs of the Air Force, adjust dates of rank of commissioned officers of the Air Force serving in temporary grades.

8573, 8574. Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 211, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2885]

Section 8573, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 529, specified date of rank of an officer whose regular grade is brigadier general and date of rank of an officer whose regular grade is major general and provided that names of general officers of Regular Air Force be carried on a seniority list in order of seniority in both regular grade and date of rank. See section 741 of this title. Section 8574, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 530; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, §§ 1(184), 33 (a)(24), 72 Stat. 1533, 1565, provided for determination of rank of commissioned officers of same grade in Regular Air Force who are on same promotion list, rank of commissioned officers of same grade in Regular Air Force who are not on same promotion list or not on a promotion list, and rank among graduates of each class at United States Military, Naval, or Air Force Academies who, upon graduation, are appointed to Regular Air Force. See section 741 of this title.

10 USC 8575 - Rank: warrant officers

Warrant officers rank next below second lieutenants and rank among themselves within each warrant officer grade under regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary of the Air Force.

10 USC 8576 - Repealed. Pub. L. 90235, 5(a)(2), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 761]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 530, provided for command when different commands of Air Force and Marine Corps joined or served together. See section 747 of this title.

10 USC 8577 - Repealed. Pub. L. 93525, Dec. 18, 1974, 88 Stat. 1695]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 530, provided for the command of flying units by commissioned officers of Air Force who had received aeronautical ratings as pilots of service types of aircraft.

10 USC 8578 - Repealed. Pub. L. 90235, 5(a)(2), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 761]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 530, provided for command when two or more commissioned officers of Air Force in same grade were on duty at same place. See section 749 of this title.

10 USC 8579 - Command: commissioned officers in certain designated categories

An officer designated as a medical, dental, veterinary, medical service, or biomedical sciences officer or as a nurse is not entitled to exercise command because of rank, except within the categories prescribed in subsection (a), (b), (c), (d), (e), (f), or (i) of section 8067 of this title, or over persons placed under his charge.

10 USC 8580 - Repealed. Pub. L. 90130, 1(30), Nov. 8, 1967, 81 Stat. 382]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 531, provided that Secretary of Air Force should prescribe military authority that female members of Air Force, except those designated under section 8067 of this title to perform professional functions, might exercise.

10 USC 8581 - Command: chaplains

An officer designated as a chaplain has rank without command.

10 USC 8582 - Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 211, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2885]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 531, provided that a retired officer has no right to command except when on active duty. See section 750 of this title.

10 USC 8583 - Requirement of exemplary conduct

All commanding officers and others in authority in the Air Force are required
(1) to show in themselves a good example of virtue, honor, patriotism, and subordination;
(2) to be vigilant in inspecting the conduct of all persons who are placed under their command;
(3) to guard against and suppress all dissolute and immoral practices, and to correct, according to the laws and regulations of the Air Force, all persons who are guilty of them; and
(4) to take all necessary and proper measures, under the laws, regulations, and customs of the Air Force, to promote and safeguard the morale, the physical well-being, and the general welfare of the officers and enlisted persons under their command or charge.

[CHAPTER 847 - REPEALED]

8611, 8612. Repealed. Pub. L. 90235, 8(2), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 764]

Section 8611, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 531, provided that President could prescribe uniform of Air Force. Section 8612, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 531, provided for disposition of uniforms of enlisted members of Air Force who were discharged and for disposition of uniforms of and issuance of civilian clothing to enlisted members of Air Force who were discharged otherwise than honorably.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 849 - MISCELLANEOUS PROHIBITIONS AND PENALTIES

10 USC 8631 - Repealed. Pub. L. 90235, 7(b)(1), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 763]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 532, prohibited any officer of Air Force who was engaged in procurement or sale of quartermaster supplies from dealing in said supplies.

8632, 8633. Repealed. Pub. L. 87649, 14c(54), (55), Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 501, 502]

Sections, act Aug. 10, 1946, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 532, provided for forfeiture of pay during absence from duty due to disease from intemperate use of alcohol or drugs, and for forfeiture when dropped from rolls. See sections 802 and 803 of Title 37, Pay and Allowances of the Uniformed Services.

10 USC 8634 - Repealed. Pub. L. 110181, div. A, title V, 590(b)(1), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 138]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 532; Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title III, 327(c), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1532, generally prohibited Air Force band from being paid for performance outside air base. See section 974 of this title.

10 USC 8635 - Repealed. Pub. L. 90235, 6(a)(7), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 762]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 532, set forth restrictions on civilian employment for enlisted members of Air Force on active duty.

10 USC 8636 - Repealed. Pub. L. 87649, 14c(56), Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 502]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 533, provided that pay and allowances do not accrue to an enlisted member of Air Force who is in confinement under sentence of dishonorable discharge, while execution of sentence to discharge is suspended. See section 858b of this title.

10 USC 8637 - Repealed. Pub. L. 90235, 7(b)(1), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 763]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 533, provided that an enlisted member of Air Force who deserted forfeited all rights to a pension.

10 USC 8638 - Repealed. Pub. L. 85861, 36B(27), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1571]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 533, required enlisted members to make up time lost. See section 972 (a) of this title.

10 USC 8639 - Enlisted members: officers not to use as servants

No officer of the Air Force may use an enlisted member of the Air Force as a servant.

[CHAPTER 851 - REPEALED]

8662, 8663. Repealed. Pub. L. 90377, 6(3), July 5, 1968, 82 Stat. 288]

Section 8662, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 533, provided for military training, organization, and equipping of prisoners who have been sent to United States Disciplinary Barracks. Section 8663, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 533, authorized Secretary of Air Force to parole or remit sentence and restore to duty offenders who are confined in the United States Disciplinary Barracks.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 853 - MISCELLANEOUS RIGHTS AND BENEFITS

10 USC 8681 - Presentation of United States flag upon retirement

(a) Presentation of Flag.— 
Upon the release of a member of the Air Force from active duty for retirement, the Secretary of the Air Force shall present a United States flag to the member.
(b) Multiple Presentations Not Authorized.— 
A member is not eligible for a presentation of a flag under subsection (a) if the member has previously been presented a flag under this section or any other provision of law providing for the presentation of a United States flag incident to release from active service for retirement.
(c) No Cost to Recipient.— 
The presentation of a flag under this section shall be at no cost to the recipient.

10 USC 8682 - Repealed. Pub. L. 90235, 6(a)(2), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 761]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 535, provided that in computing length of service, no commissioned officer of Air Force could be credited with service as a cadet at the Military Academy or the Air Force Academy, or as a midshipman at the Naval Academy, if he was appointed as a cadet or midshipman after Aug. 24, 1912. See section 971 of this title.

10 USC 8683 - Repealed. Pub. L. 99145, title XIII, 1301(d)(1)(A), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 736]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 535; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(156), 72 Stat. 1513; Aug. 25, 1959, Pub. L. 86–197, § 1(7), 73 Stat. 426, related to service credit for certain service as a nurse, woman medical specialist, or civilian employee of Army Medical Department.

10 USC 8684 - Service credit: regular enlisted members; service as an officer to be counted as enlisted service

An enlisted member of the Regular Air Force is entitled to count active service as an officer in the Air Force, and in the Army, as enlisted service for all purposes.

10 USC 8685 - Repealed. Pub. L. 90235, 7(a)(3), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 763]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 535; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L 85861, 1(187), 72 Stat. 1534, set forth restrictions on consideration of a husband or child as dependent of a female member of Regular Air Force, Air National Guard of the United States or Air Force Reserve.

10 USC 8686 - Repealed. Pub. L. 103337, div. A, title XVI, 1662(g)(2), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2996]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 536; Sept. 24, 1980, Pub. L. 96–357, § 5(a), 94 Stat. 1182; Oct. 19, 1984, Pub. L. 98–525, title IV, § 414(a)(7)(B), 98 Stat. 2519, related to credit to members of Air National Guard of United States for service as members of Air National Guard. See section 12602 of this title.

10 USC 8687 - Repealed. Pub. L. 99661, div. A, title VI, 604(f)(1)(A), Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3877]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 536; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(188), 72 Stat. 1534; Sept. 7, 1962, Pub. L. 87–649, § 6(d), 76 Stat. 494, related to compensation for members of Air Force other than Regular Air Force.

10 USC 8688 - Repealed. Pub. L. 85861, 36B(29), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1571]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 536, related to death gratuity payable to survivors of members of Air Force. See sections 1475 to 1480 of this title.

10 USC 8689 - Repealed. Pub. L. 87649, 14c(57), Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 502]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 537; Sept. 26, 1961, Pub. L. 87–304, § 9(d), 75 Stat. 665, related to assignments and allotments of pay. See section 701 of Title 37, Pay and Allowances of the Uniformed Services.

10 USC 8690 - Repealed. Pub. L. 90235, 7(b)(1), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 763]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 538, exempted enlisted members of Air Force, while on active duty, from arrest for any debt, unless it was contracted before enlistment and amounted to at least $20 when first contracted.

10 USC 8691 - Flying officer rating: qualifications

Only officers of the Air Force in the following categories may be rated as flying officers:
(1) Officers who have aeronautical ratings as pilots of service types of aircraft or as aircraft observers.
(2) Flight surgeons.
(3) Officers undergoing flight training.
(4) Officers who are members of combat crews, other than pilots of service types of aircraft, aircraft observers, and observers.
(5) In time of war, officers who have aeronautical ratings as observers.

10 USC 8692 - Repealed. Pub. L. 92168, 3(1), Nov. 24, 1971, 85 Stat. 489]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 538, provided qualifications to receive a rating of pilot in time of peace. See section 2003 of this title.

10 USC 8693 - Repealed Pub. L. 90235, 7(a)(3), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 763]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 538, provided for replacement of a lost or destroyed certificate of discharge from Air Force. See section 1040 of this title.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 855 - HOSPITALIZATION

8721, 8722. Repealed. Pub. L. 99661, div. A, title VI, 604(f)(1)(A), Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3877]

Section 8721, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 538; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(190)(A), 72 Stat. 1534, related to hospital benefits for members of Air Force, other than of Regular Air Force. Section 8722, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 539; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(190)(B), (C), 72 Stat. 1534, related to hospital and related benefits for members of a Citizens Air Training Camp and for members of Air Force not covered by section 8721 of this title.

10 USC 8723 - When Secretary may require

The Secretary of the Air Force may order the hospitalization, medical and surgical treatment, and domiciliary care for as long as necessary, of any member of the Air Force on active duty, and may incur obligations with respect thereto, whether or not the member incurred an injury, illness, or disease in line of duty, except in the case of a member treated in a private hospital, or by a civilian physician, while on leave of absence for more than 24 hours.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 857 - DECORATIONS AND AWARDS

10 USC 8741 - Medal of honor: award

The President may award, and present in the name of Congress, a medal of honor of appropriate design, with ribbons and appurtenances, to a person who, while a member of the Air Force, distinguishes himself conspicuously by gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty
(1) while engaged in an action against an enemy of the United States;
(2) while engaged in military operations involving conflict with an opposing foreign force; or
(3) while serving with friendly foreign forces engaged in an armed conflict against an opposing armed force in which the United States is not a belligerent party.

10 USC 8742 - Air Force cross: award

The President may award an Air Force cross of appropriate design, with ribbons and appurtenances, to a person who, while serving in any capacity with the Air Force, distinguishes himself by extraordinary heroism not justifying the award of a medal of honor
(1) while engaged in an action against an enemy of the United States;
(2) while engaged in military operations involving conflict with an opposing foreign force; or
(3) while serving with friendly foreign forces engaged in an armed conflict against an opposing armed force in which the United States is not a belligerent party.

10 USC 8743 - Distinguished-service medal: award

The President may award a distinguished-service medal of appropriate design and a ribbon, together with a rosette or other device to be worn in place thereof, to a person who, while serving in any capacity with the Air Force, distinguishes himself by exceptionally meritorious service to the United States in a duty of great responsibility.

10 USC 8744 - Medal of honor; Air Force cross; distinguished-service medal: limitations on award

(a) No more than one medal of honor, Air Force cross, or distinguished-service medal may be awarded to a person. However, for each succeeding act that would otherwise justify the award of such a medal or cross, the President may award a suitable bar or other device to be worn as he directs.
(b) Except as provided in subsection (d), no medal of honor, Air Force cross, distinguished-service medal, or device in place thereof, may be awarded to a person unless
(1) the award is made within three years after the date of the act justifying the award;
(2) a statement setting forth the distinguished service and recommending official recognition of it was made within two years after the distinguished service; and
(3) it appears from records of the Department of the Air Force that the person is entitled to the award.
(c) No medal of honor, Air Force cross, distinguished-service medal, or device in place thereof, may be awarded or presented to a person whose service after he distinguished himself has not been honorable.
(d) If the Secretary of the Air Force determines that
(1) a statement setting forth the distinguished service and recommending official recognition of it was made and supported by sufficient evidence within two years after the distinguished service; and
(2) no award was made, because the statement was lost or through inadvertence the recommendation was not acted on;

a medal of honor, Air Force cross, distinguished-service medal, or device in place thereof, as the case may be, may be awarded to the person concerned within two years after the date of that determination.

10 USC 8745 - Medal of honor; Air Force cross; distinguished-service medal: delegation of power to award

The President may delegate his authority to award the medal of honor, Air Force cross, and distinguished-service medal, to a commanding general of a separate air force or higher unit in the field.

10 USC 8746 - Silver star: award

The President may award a silver star of appropriate design, with ribbons and appurtenances, to a person who, while serving in any capacity with the Air Force, is cited for gallantry in action that does not warrant a medal of honor or Air Force cross
(1) while engaged in an action against an enemy of the United States;
(2) while engaged in military operations involving conflict with an opposing foreign force; or
(3) while serving with friendly foreign forces engaged in an armed conflict against an opposing armed force in which the United States is not a belligerent party.

10 USC 8747 - Medal of honor; Air Force cross; distinguished-service cross; distinguished-service medal; silver star: replacement

Any medal of honor, Air Force cross, distinguished-service cross, distinguished-service medal, or silver star, or any bar, ribbon, rosette, or other device issued for wear with or in place of any of them, that is stolen, lost, or destroyed, or becomes unfit for use, without fault or neglect of the person to whom it was awarded, shall be replaced without charge.

10 USC 8748 - Medal of honor; Air Force cross; distinguished-service cross; distinguished-service medal; silver star: availability of appropriations

The Secretary of the Air Force may spend, from any appropriation for contingent expenses of the Department of the Air Force, amounts necessary to provide medals and devices under sections 8741, 8742, 8743, 8744, 8746, 8747, and 8752 of this title.

10 USC 8749 - Distinguished flying cross: award; limitations

(a) The President may award a distinguished flying cross of appropriate design with accompanying ribbon to any person who, while serving in any capacity with the Air Force, distinguishes himself by heroism or extraordinary achievement while participating in an aerial flight.
(b) Not more than one distinguished flying cross may be awarded to a person. However, for each succeeding act that would otherwise justify the award of such a cross, the President may award a suitable bar or other device to be worn as he directs.
(c) No distinguished flying cross, or device in place thereof, may be awarded or presented to a person whose service after he distinguished himself has not been honorable.

10 USC 8750 - Airmans Medal: award; limitations

(a) 
(1) The President may award a decoration called the Airmans Medal, of appropriate design with accompanying ribbon, to any person who, while serving in any capacity with the Air Force, distinguishes himself by heroism not involving actual conflict with an enemy.
(2) The authority in paragraph (1) includes authority to award the medal to a member of the Ready Reserve who was not in a duty status defined in section 101 (d) of this title when the member distinguished himself by heroism.
(b) Not more than one Airmans Medal may be awarded to a person. However, for each succeeding act that would otherwise justify the award of such a medal, the President may award a suitable bar or other device to be worn as he directs.

10 USC 8751 - Service medals: issue; replacement; availability of appropriations

(a) The Secretary of the Air Force shall procure, and issue without charge to any person entitled thereto, any service medal authorized for members of the Air Force after September 26, 1947, and any ribbon, clasp, star, or similar device prescribed as a part of that medal.
(b) Under such regulations as the Secretary may prescribe, any medal or other device issued under subsection (a) that is lost, destroyed, or becomes unfit for use without fault or neglect of the owner, may be replaced at cost. However, if the owner is a member of the Air Force, the medal or device may be replaced without charge.
(c) The Secretary may spend, from any appropriation for the support of the Air Force, amounts necessary to provide medals and devices under this section.

10 USC 8752 - Medals: posthumous award and presentation

(a) If a person dies before the award of a medal of honor, distinguished-service cross, distinguished-service medal, distinguished flying cross, or device in place thereof, to which he is entitled, the award may be made and the medal or device presented to his representative, as designated by the President.
(b) If a person dies before an authorized service medal or device prescribed as a part thereof is presented to him under section 8751 of this title, it shall be presented to his family.

10 USC 8754 - Medal of honor: duplicate medal

A person awarded a medal of honor shall, upon written application of that person, be issued, without charge, one duplicate medal of honor with ribbons and appurtenances. Such duplicate medal of honor shall be marked, in such manner as the Secretary of the Air Force may determine, as a duplicate or for display purposes only.

10 USC 8755 - Medal of honor: presentation of Medal of Honor Flag

The President shall provide for the presentation of the Medal of Honor Flag designated under section 903 of title 36 to each person to whom a medal of honor is awarded under section 8741 of this title. Presentation of the flag shall be made at the same time as the presentation of the medal under section 8741 or 8752 (a) of this title. In the case of a posthumous presentation of the medal, the flag shall be presented to the person to whom the medal is presented.

10 USC 8756 - Korea Defense Service Medal

(a) The Secretary of the Air Force shall issue a campaign medal, to be known as the Korea Defense Service Medal, to each person who while a member of the Air Force served in the Republic of Korea or the waters adjacent thereto during the KDSM eligibility period and met the service requirements for the award of that medal prescribed under subsection (c).
(b) In this section, the term KDSM eligibility period means the period beginning on July 28, 1954, and ending on such date after the date of the enactment of this section as may be determined by the Secretary of Defense to be appropriate for terminating eligibility for the Korea Defense Service Medal.
(c) The Secretary of the Air Force shall prescribe service requirements for eligibility for the Korea Defense Service Medal. Those requirements shall not be more stringent than the service requirements for award of the Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal for instances in which the award of that medal is authorized.

[CHAPTER 859 - REPEALED]

8781 to 8787. Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 213, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2885]

Section 8781, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 542; July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–616, § 7(a), 74 Stat. 391, authorized Secretary of Air Force to convene at any time a board of officers to review record of any commissioned officer on active list of Regular Air Force to determine whether he should be required, because of substandard performance of duty, to show cause for his retention on active list. See section 1181 (a) of this title. Section 8782, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 543; July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–616, § 7(a), 74 Stat. 391, provided for boards of inquiry, composed of three or more officers, to be convened at such places as Secretary of Air Force prescribes, to receive evidence and make findings and recommendations whether an officer, required to show cause under section 8781 of this title, should be retained on active list of Regular Air Force. See section 1182 of this title. Section 8783, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 543; July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–616, § 7(a), 74 Stat. 391, provided for boards of review, composed of three or more officers, to be convened by Secretary of Air Force, at such places as he prescribes, to review records of cases of officers recommended by boards of inquiry for removal from active list of Regular Air Force. Section 8784, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 543; July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–616, § 7(a), 74 Stat. 392, authorized Secretary of Air Force to remove an officer from active list of Regular Air Force if his removal is recommended by a board of review and provided that decision of Secretary in such case is final and conclusive. See section 1184 of this title. Section 8785, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 543; July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–616, § 7(a), 74 Stat. 392, provided that each officer under consideration for removal from active list of Regular Air Force under this chapter, be given written notification, at least 30 days prior to a board of inquiry hearing, that he is being required to show cause for retention on active list, be allowed reasonable time to prepare a defense, be allowed to appear in person and by counsel at proceedings before a board of inquiry, and be allowed full access to, and furnished copies of, records relevant to his case at all stages of the proceeding. See section 1185 of this title. Section 8786, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 544; July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–616, § 7(a), 74 Stat. 392, authorized Secretary of Air Force, at any time during proceedings under this chapter and before removal of an officer from active list of Regular Air Force, to grant that officers request for voluntary retirement, if he is otherwise qualified therefor, or for honorable discharge with severance benefits. See section 1186 of this title. Section 8787, added Pub. L. 86–616, § 7(a), July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 392, provided that no officer serve on a board under this chapter unless he holds a regular or temporary grade above lieutenant colonel, and is senior in regular grade to, and outranks, any officer considered by that board and that no person be a member of more than one board convened under this chapter for same officer. See section 1187 of this title.

[CHAPTER 860 - REPEALED]

8791 to 8797. Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 213, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2885]

Section 8791, added Pub. L. 86–616, § 8(a), July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 393, authorized Secretary of Air Force to convene at any time a board of general officers to review record of any commissioned officer on active list of Regular Air Force to determine whether he should be required, because of moral dereliction, professional dereliction, or because his retention is not clearly consistent with the interests of national security, to show cause for his retention on active list. See section 1181 (b) of this title. Section 8792, added Pub. L. 86–616, § 8(a), July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 393, provided for boards of inquiry, composed of three or more general officers, to be convened at such places as Secretary of Air Force prescribes, to receive evidence and make findings and recommendations whether an officer, required to show cause under section 8791 of this title, should be retained on active list of the Regular Air Force. See section 1182 of this title. Section 8793, added Pub. L. 86–616, § 8(a), July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 393, provided for boards of review, composed of three or more general officers, to be convened by Secretary of Air Force, at such places as he prescribes, to review the records of cases of officers recommended by boards of inquiry for removal from active list of Regular Air Force. Section 8794, added Pub. L. 86–616, § 8(a), July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 394, authorized Secretary of Air Force to remove an officer from active list of Regular Air Force if his removal is recommended by a board of review and provided that decision of Secretary in such a case is final and conclusive. See section 1184 of this title. Section 8795, added Pub. L. 86–616, § 8(a), July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 394, provided that each officer under consideration for removal from active list of Regular Air Force under this chapter be given written notification, at least 30 days prior to a board of inquiry hearing, that he is being required to show cause for retention on active list, be allowed reasonable time to prepare a defense, be allowed to appear in person and by counsel at proceedings before the board of inquiry, and be allowed full access to, and furnished copies of, records relevant to his case at all stages of the proceedings, except records that the Secretary determines be withheld in interests of national security, in which case, a summary, to the extent national security permits, be furnished. See section 1185 of this title. Section 8796, added Pub. L. 86–616, § 8(a), July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 394, authorized Secretary of Air Force, at any time during proceedings under this chapter and before removal of an officer from active list of Regular Air Force, to grant that officers request for voluntary retirement, if he is otherwise qualified therefor, or for honorable discharge with severance benefits. See section 1186 of this title. Section 8797, added Pub. L. 86–616, § 8(a), July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 394, provided that no officer serve on a board under this chapter unless he holds a regular or temporary grade above lieutenant colonel, and is senior in regular grade to, and outranks, any officer considered by that board and that no person be a member of more than one board convened under this chapter for the same officer. See section 1187 of this title.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 861 - SEPARATION FOR VARIOUS REASONS

8811 to 8813. Repealed. Pub. L. 90235, 3(a)(2), (b)(1), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 757, 758]

Section 8811, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 544, provided for discharge of enlisted members of Air Force and limitations thereon, and for issuance of discharge certificates. See section 1169 of this title. Section 8812, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 544, provided for discharge of members of Air Force enlisted during war or emergency. See section 1172 of this title. Section 8813, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 544, provided for dependency discharges for enlisted members of Air Force.

10 USC 8814 - Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 214, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2885]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 545, authorized Secretary of Air Force to discharge a regular commissioned officer who has less than three years of continuous service as a commissioned officer therein, provided that such officer not be dismissed because of his marriage, unless marriage occurred within one year after date of his original appointment. See section 630 of this title.

8815, 8816. Repealed. Pub. L. 90235, 3(a)(2), (b)(1), Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 757, 758]

Section 8815, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 545, provided for resignation of regular enlisted members of Air Force enlisted on a career basis and limitations thereon. Section 8816, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 545, provided for minority discharges for regular enlisted members of Air Force. See section 1170 of this title.

10 USC 8817 - Aviation cadets: discharge

The Secretary of the Air Force may discharge an aviation cadet at any time.

10 USC 8818 - Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 236, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2887]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 545, authorized Secretary of Air Force, under regulations prescribed by President, to terminate appointment or enlistment of any female member of Regular Air Force, provided that appointment of a commissioned officer not be terminated by dismissal.

8819, 8820. Repealed. Pub. L. 103337, div. A, title XVI, 1629(c)(2), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2963]

Section 8819, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(191)(A), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1534; amended Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(65), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 278; Pub. L. 98–525, title V, § 528(d), Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2526; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XV, 1501(c)(32), (33), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 500, related to discharge of officers of Air Force Reserve or Air National Guard of United States for failure of promotion to first lieutenant. See section 14503 of this title. Section 8820, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 546, related to discharge and withdrawal of Federal recognition of officers of Air National Guard of United States absent without leave. See section 14907 of this title.

[CHAPTER 863 - REPEALED]

8841, 8842. Repealed. Pub. L. 86559, 1(66), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 278]

Sections, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(192), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1535, related to separation or transfer to Retired Reserve of female reserve nurses and medical specialists at age 50 if in a Reserve grade below major and at age 55 if in a Reserve grade above captain.

8843 to 8846. Repealed. Pub. L. 103337, div. A, title XVI, 1629(c)(3), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2963]

Section 8843, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(192), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1535; amended Pub. L. 86–599, § 1(67), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 278, related to transfer or discharge of reserve commissioned officers 60 years of age and below grade of major general. See section 14510 of this title. Section 8844, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(192), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1535; amended Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(68), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 279, related to transfer or discharge of certain reserve major generals who are 62 years of age. See section 14511 of this title. Section 8845, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(192), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1535; amended Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(69), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 279; Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, 1234(a)(1), Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2059, related to transfer or discharge of certain reserve officers of Air Force who are 64 years of age. See section 14512 (a) of this title. Section 8846, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(192), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1536; amended Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XV, 1501(c)(32), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 500, related to transfer or discharge of deferred officers.

10 USC 8847 - Repealed. Pub. L. 90130, 1(31)(A), Nov. 8, 1967, 81 Stat. 382]

Section, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(192), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1536; amended Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(70), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 279, provided for mandatory retirement of female commissioned officers, Air Force nurses, and medical specialists on active duty in a Reserve grade below lieutenant colonel after completion of 25 years of service computed under section 8853.

10 USC 8848 - Repealed. Pub. L. 103337, div. A, title XVI, 1629(c)(3), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2963]

Section, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(192), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1536; amended Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(71), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 279; Pub. L. 90–130, § 1(31)(B), Nov. 8, 1967, 81 Stat. 382; Pub. L. 90–486, § 9(2), Aug. 13, 1968, 82 Stat. 760; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, § 514(7), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2935; Pub. L. 99–145, title V, § 522(b)(1), title XIII, 1303(a)(27)(A), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 632, 740, related to transfer or discharge of reserve first lieutenants, captains, majors, and lieutenant colonels with 28 years of service. See section 14501 et seq. of this title.

10 USC 8849 - Repealed. Pub. L. 86559, 1(72), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 279]

Section, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(192), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1536, related to separation or transfer to Retired Reserve of female reserve lieutenant colonels, except those designated under section 8067 of this title, upon completion of 28 years of service.

8850 to 8855. Repealed. Pub. L. 103337, div. A, title XVI, 1629(c)(3), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2963]

Section 8850, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(192), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1537; amended Pub. L. 90–168, § 2(22), Dec. 1, 1967, 81 Stat. 525; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XV, 1501(c)(25), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 499, related to transfer or discharge of excessive reserve commissioned officers in active status with 30 or more years of service. See sections 14514 and 14704 of this title. Section 8851, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(192), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1537; amended Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(73), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 280; Pub. L. 90–83, § 3(6), Sept. 11, 1967, 81 Stat. 220; Pub. L. 90–486, § 9(2), Aug. 13, 1968, 82 Stat. 760; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, § 514(7), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2935; Pub. L. 98–525, title XIV, § 1405(55), Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2626; Pub. L. 99–145, title V, § 522(b)(2), title XIII, 1303(a)(27)(B), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 632, 740; Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, 1234(a)(1), Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2059, related to transfer or discharge of reserve lieutenant colonels, colonels, and brigadier generals with 30 years of service or five years in grade. Section 8852, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(192), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1537; amended Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(74), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 280; Pub. L. 99–145, title XIII, § 1303(a)(27)(B), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 740; Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, 1234(a)(1), Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2059, related to transfer or discharge of reserve major generals and brigadier generals with 35 years of service or five years in grade. Section 8853, added Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(192), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1538; amended Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(75), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 280; Pub. L. 98–94, title X, § 1016(c), Sept. 24, 1983, 97 Stat. 668, related to computation of years of service. See section 14706 of this title. Section 8855, added Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(76), June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 280; amended Pub. L. 96–107, title IV, § 403(b), Nov. 9, 1979, 93 Stat. 808; Pub. L. 96–513, title II, § 215(b), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2885; Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title VII, 717(c), (d)(2)(A), Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1114; Sept. 29, 1988, Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, 1233(l)(2), Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2058; Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title VII, 710(c), Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1477, related to retention in active status of certain reserve officers. See section 14703 (a)(3), (b) of this title.

[CHAPTER 865 - REPEALED]

8881, 8882. Repealed. Pub. L. 85155, title IV, 401(1), Aug. 21, 1957, 71 Stat. 390]

Section 8881, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 546, authorized Secretary of Air Force to retire Air Force nurses and woman medical specialists whose regular grade is below major. Section 8882, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 546, authorized Secretary of Air Force to retire Air Force nurses or woman medical specialists whose regular grade is above captain.

8883 to 8886. Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 216, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2886]

Section 8883, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 546; Aug. 6, 1958, Pub. L. 85–600, § 1(17), 72 Stat. 523; Nov. 2, 1966, Pub. L. 89–718, § 3, 80 Stat. 1115, provided that, unless retired or separated at an earlier date, each commissioned officer whose regular grade is below major general, other than a professor or the registrar of the United States Air Force Academy, be retired when he becomes 60 years of age, except as provided by section 8301 of title 5. See section 1251 of this title. Section 8884, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 547; Nov. 2, 1966, Pub. L. 89–718, § 3, 80 Stat 1115, provided that, unless retired or separated at an earlier date, each commissioned officer whose regular grade is major general, and whose retirement under section 8923 of this title has been deferred under cl. (1) of that section, be retired when be becomes 60 years of age, except as provided by section 8301 of title 5. See section 1251 of this title. Section 8885, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 547; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 33(a)(42), 72 Stat. 1567; Nov. 2, 1966, Pub. L. 89–718, § 3, 80 Stat. 1115, provided that, unless retired or separated at an earlier date or unless retained under section 8923 (2) of this title, each commissioned officer whose regular grade is major general be retired when he becomes 62 years of age, except as provided by section 8301 of title 5. See section 1251 of this title. Section 8886, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 547; Aug. 6, 1958, Pub. L. 85–600, § 1(18), 72 Stat. 523; Nov. 2, 1966, Pub. L. 89–718, § 3, 80 Stat. 1115, provided that, unless retired or separated at an earlier date, each commissioned officer whose regular grade is major general, and whose retirement under section 8923 of this title has been deferred under cl. (2) of that section, and each permanent professor and the registrar of the United States Air Force Academy, be retired when he becomes 64 years of age, except as provided by section 8301 of title 5. See section 1251 of this title.

10 USC 8887 - Repealed. Pub. L. 85155, title IV, 401(1), Aug. 21, 1957, 71 Stat. 390]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 547, related to computation of years of service of Air Force nurses or woman medical specialists for purposes of retirement under former sections 8881 or 8882 of this title, or retirement pay under section 8991 of this title.

8888, 8889. Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 216, Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2886]

Section 8888, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 547; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title III, § 301(16), 71 Stat. 388; May 20, 1958, Pub. L. 85–422, § 11(a)(7), 72 Stat. 131; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(194), 72 Stat. 1538; Sept. 30, 1966, Pub. L. 89–609, § 1(30), 80 Stat. 854, related to computation of years of service for determining retired pay of a commissioned officer of Regular Air Force retired under section 8883, 8884, 8885, or 8886 of this title. See section 1405 of this title. Section 8889, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 548, provided that a member of Air Force retired under this chapter be entitled to retired pay computed under chapter 871 of this title.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 867 - RETIREMENT FOR LENGTH OF SERVICE

10 USC 8911 - Twenty years or more: regular or reserve commissioned officers

(a) The Secretary of the Air Force may, upon the officers request, retire a regular or reserve commissioned officer of the Air Force who has at least 20 years of service computed under section 8926 of this title, at least 10 years of which have been active service as a commissioned officer.
(b) 
(1) The Secretary of Defense may authorize the Secretary of the Air Force, during the period specified in paragraph (2), to reduce the requirement under subsection (a) for at least 10 years of active service as a commissioned officer to a period (determined by the Secretary of the Air Force) of not less than eight years.
(2) The period specified in this paragraph is the period beginning on January 6, 2006, and ending on December 31, 2008.

10 USC 8912 - Repealed. Pub. L. 85155, title IV, 401(1), Aug. 21, 1957, 71 Stat. 390]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 549, permitted Secretary of Air Force, upon officers request, to retire an Air Force nurse, or a woman medical specialist, of Regular Air Force, who has at least 20 years of service computed under former section 8928 of this title.

10 USC 8913 - Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 217(a), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2886]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 549; July 12, 1960, Pub. L. 86–616, § 9, 74 Stat. 395; Nov. 2, 1966, Pub. L. 89–718, § 3, 80 Stat. 1115, provided for retirement of deferred officers not recommended for promotion after twenty years or more of service, except as provided in section 8301 of Title 5. See section 627 et seq. of this title.

10 USC 8914 - Twenty to thirty years: enlisted members

Under regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary of the Air Force, an enlisted member of the Air Force who has at least 20, but less than 30, years of service computed under section 8925 of this title may, upon his request, be retired.

8915, 8916. Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 217(a), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2886]

Section 8915, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 550; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title III, § 301(18), 71 Stat. 389; Sept. 30, 1966, Pub. L. 89–609, § 1(31), 80 Stat. 854; Nov. 2, 1966, Pub. L. 89–718, § 3, 80 Stat. 1115; Nov. 8, 1967, Pub. L. 90–130, § 1(32)(A), 89 Stat. 382, authorized the Secretary of the Air Force to defer the retirement of any Air Force nurse or medical specialist in the regular grade of major until the 30th day after the officer completes 28 years of service. See section 632 of this title. Section 8916, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 550; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title III, § 301(19), 71 Stat. 389, provided for retirement of a promotion-list lieutenant colonel, except as provided by section 8301 of title 5, on the 30th day after he completes 28 years of service, with authority for the Secretary of the Air Force to defer retirement in certain cases. See section 633 of this title.

10 USC 8917 - Thirty years or more: regular enlisted members

A regular enlisted member of the Air Force who has at least 30 years of service computed under section 8925 of this title shall be retired upon his request.

10 USC 8918 - Thirty years or more: regular commissioned officers

A regular commissioned officer of the Air Force who has at least 30 years of service computed under section 8926 of this title may be retired upon his request, in the discretion of the President.

10 USC 8919 - Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 217(a), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2886]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch 1041, 70A Stat. 551, authorized Secretary of Air Force, when he determined that there were too many commissioned officers on active list of Regular Air Force in any grade who have at least 30 years of service, to convene a board of at least five general officers of the Regular Air Force to make recommendations for retirement and to retire any officer so recommended.

10 USC 8920 - More than thirty years: permanent professors and the Director of Admissions of the United States Air Force Academy

(a) The Secretary of the Air Force may retire an officer specified in subsection (b) who has more than 30 years of service as a commissioned officer.
(b) Subsection (a) applies in the case of the following officers:
(1) Any permanent professor of the United States Air Force Academy.
(2) The Director of Admissions of the United States Air Force Academy.

10 USC 8921 - Mandatory retirement: Superintendent of the United States Air Force Academy; waiver authority

(a) Mandatory Retirement.— 
Upon the termination of the detail of an officer to the position of Superintendent of the United States Air Force Academy, the Secretary of the Air Force shall retire the officer under any provision of this chapter under which the officer is eligible to retire.
(b) Waiver Authority.— 
The Secretary of Defense may waive the requirement in subsection (a) for good cause. In each case in which such a waiver is granted for an officer, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a written notification of the waiver, with a statement of the reasons supporting the decision that the officer not retire, and a written notification of the intent of the President to nominate the officer for reassignment.

8922, 8923. Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 217(a), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2886]

Section 8922, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 551; Nov. 2, 1966, Pub. L. 89–718, § 3, 80 Stat. 1115, provided for retirement of a regular grade brigadier general, other than a professor of the United States Air Force Academy, except as provided by section 8301 of title 5, on 30th day after he completes 30 years of service or 5th anniversary of date of his appointment in that regular grade, whichever is later, with authority for Secretary of Air Force to defer retirement in certain cases. See section 635 of this title. Section 8923, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 552; Nov. 2, 1966, Pub. L. 89–718, § 3, 80 Stat 1115, provided for retirement of a regular grade major general, except as provided by section 8301 of title 5, on 30th day after he completes 35 years of service or 5th anniversary of his appointment in that regular grade, whichever is later, with authority for Secretary of Air Force to defer retirement in certain cases. See section 636 of this title.

10 USC 8924 - Forty years or more: Air Force officers

(a) Except as provided in section 1186 of this title, a commissioned officer of the Air Force who has at least 40 years of service computed under section 8926 of this title shall be retired upon his request.
(b) Any warrant officer of the Air Force who has at least 40 years of service computed under section 8926 (a) of this title shall be retired upon his request.

10 USC 8925 - Computation of years of service: voluntary retirement; enlisted members

(a) For the purpose of determining whether an enlisted member of the Air Force may be retired under section 8914 or 8917 of this title, his years of service are computed by adding all active service in the armed forces.
(b) Time required to be made up under section 972 (a) of this title may not be counted in computing years of service under subsection (a).

10 USC 8926 - Computation of years of service: voluntary retirement; regular and reserve commissioned officers

(a) For the purpose of determining whether an officer of the Air Force may be retired under section 8911, 8918, or 8924 of this title, his years of service are computed by adding
(1) all active service performed as a member of the Army or the Air Force; and
(2) all service in the Navy or Marine Corps that may be included in determining the eligibility of an officer of the Navy or Marine Corps for retirement.
(b) For the purpose of determining whether a medical officer of the Regular Air Force may be retired under section 8911, 8918, or 8924 of this title, his years of service are computed by adding to his service under subsection (a) all service performed as a contract surgeon, acting assistant surgeon, or contract physician, under a contract to serve full time and to take and change station as ordered.
(c) For the purpose of determining whether a dental officer of the Regular Air Force may be retired under section 8911, 8918, or 8924 of this title, his years of service are computed by adding to his service under subsection (a) all service as a contract dental surgeon or acting dental surgeon.
(d) Section 972 (b) of this title excludes from computation of an officers years of service for purposes of this section any time identified with respect to that officer under that section.

10 USC 8927 - Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title II, 217(a), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2886]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 553; Aug. 21, 1957, Pub. L. 85–155, title III, § 301(20), 71 Stat. 389; May 20, 1958, Pub. L. 85–422, § 11(a)(8), 72 Stat. 131; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(196), 72 Stat. 1540; Sept. 30, 1966, Pub. L. 89–609, § 1(33), 80 Stat. 854, related to computation of years of service for determining whether a regular commissioned officer should be retired under section 8913, 8915, 8916, 8919, 8921, 8922, or 8923 of this title and for determining retired pay of officers of Regular Air Force retired under section 8913, 8915, 8916, 8919, 8921, 8922, or 8923 of this title. See section 1405 of this title.

10 USC 8928 - Repealed. Pub. L. 85155, title IV, 401(1), Aug. 21, 1957, 71 Stat. 390]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 554, related to computation of years of service of Air Force Nurses or women medical specialists for purposes of retirement under former section 8912 of this title, or retirement pay under section 8991 of this title.

10 USC 8929 - Computation of retired pay: law applicable

A member of the Air Force retired under this chapter is entitled to retired pay computed under chapter 871 of this title.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 869 - RETIRED GRADE

10 USC 8961 - General rule

(a) The retired grade of a regular commissioned officer of the Air Force who retires other than for physical disability, and the retired grade of a reserve commissioned officer of the Air Force who retires other than for physical disability, is determined under section 1370 of this title.
(b) Unless entitled to a higher retired grade under some other provision of law, a Regular or Reserve of the Air Force not covered by subsection (a) who retires other than for physical disability retires in the regular or reserve grade that he holds on the date of his retirement.

10 USC 8962 - Higher grade for service in special positions

Upon retirement, any permanent professor of the United States Air Force Academy whose grade is below brigadier general, and whose service as such a professor has been long and distinguished, may, in the discretion of the President, be retired in the grade of brigadier general.

10 USC 8963 - Highest grade held satisfactorily: Reserve enlisted members reduced in grade not as a result of the members misconduct

(a) A Reserve enlisted member of the Air Force described in subsection (b) who is retired under section 8914 of this title shall be retired in the highest enlisted grade in which the member served on active duty satisfactorily (or, in the case of a member of the National Guard, in which the member served on full-time National Guard duty satisfactorily), as determined by the Secretary of the Air Force.
(b) This section applies to a Reserve enlisted member who
(1) at the time of retirement is serving on active duty (or, in the case of a member of the National Guard, on full-time National Guard duty) in a grade lower than the highest enlisted grade held by the member while on active duty (or full-time National Guard duty); and
(2) was previously administratively reduced in grade not as a result of the members own misconduct, as determined by the Secretary of the Air Force.
(c) This section applies with respect to Reserve enlisted members who are retired under section 8914 of this title after September 30, 1996.

10 USC 8964 - Higher grade after 30 years of service: warrant officers and enlisted members

(a) Each retired member of the Air Force covered by subsection (b) who is retired with less than 30 years of active service is entitled, when his active service plus his service on the retired list totals 30 years, to be advanced on the retired list to the highest grade in which he served on active duty satisfactorily (or, in the case of a member of the National Guard, in which he served on full-time duty satisfactorily), as determined by the Secretary of the Air Force.
(b) This section applies to
(1) warrant officers of the Air Force;
(2) enlisted members of the Regular Air Force; and
(3) reserve enlisted members of the Air Force who, at the time of retirement, are serving on active duty (or, in the case of members of the National Guard, on full-time duty).

10 USC 8965 - Restoration to former grade: retired warrant officers and enlisted members

Each retired warrant officer or enlisted member of the Air Force who has been advanced on the retired list to a higher commissioned grade under section 8964 of this title, and who applies to the Secretary of the Air Force within three months after his advancement, shall, if the Secretary approves, be restored on the retired list to his former warrant-officer or enlisted status, as the case may be.

10 USC 8966 - Retired lists

(a) The Secretary of the Air Force shall maintain a retired list containing the name of each retired commissioned officer of the Regular Air Force.
(b) The Secretary shall maintain a retired list containing the name of
(1) each person entitled to retired pay under any law providing retired pay for commissioned officers of the Air Force, other than of the Regular Air Force; and
(2) each retired warrant officer or enlisted member of the Air Force who is advanced to a commissioned grade.
(c) The Secretary shall maintain a retired list containing the name of each retired warrant officer of the Air Force.
(d) The Secretary shall maintain a retired list containing the name of each retired enlisted member of the Regular Air Force.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 871 - COMPUTATION OF RETIRED PAY

10 USC 8991 - Computation of retired pay

(a) Computation.— 

(1) Formula.— 
The monthly retired pay of a member entitled to such pay under this subtitle is computed by multiplying
(A) the members retired pay base (as computed under section 1406 (e) or 1407 of this title), by
(B) the retired pay multiplier prescribed in section 1409 of this title for the number of years credited to the member under section 1405 of this title.
(2) Additional 10 percent for certain enlisted members credited with extraordinary heroism.— 
If a member who is retired under section 8914 of this title has been credited by the Secretary of the Air Force with extraordinary heroism in the line of duty, the members retired pay shall be increased by 10 percent of the amount determined under paragraph (1) (but to not more than 75 percent of the retired pay base upon which the computation of such retired pay is based). The Secretarys determination as to extraordinary heroism is conclusive for all purposes.
(b) General Rules.— 

(1) Use of most favorable formula.— 
If a person would otherwise be entitled to retired pay computed under more than one formula in subsection (a) or the table in section 1401 of this title, he is entitled to be paid under the applicable formula that is most favorable to him.
(2) Rounding to next lower dollar.— 
The amount computed under subsection (a), if not a multiple of $1, shall be rounded to the next lower multiple of $1.
(c) Special Rule for Retired Reserve Enlisted Members Covered by Section 8963.— 
In the case of a Reserve enlisted member retired under section 8914 of this title whose retired grade is determined under section 8963 of this title and who first became a member of a uniformed service before September 8, 1980, the retired pay base of the member (notwithstanding section 1406 (a)(1) of this title) is the amount of the monthly basic pay of the members retired grade (determined based upon the rates of basic pay applicable on the date of the members retirement), and that amount shall be used for the purposes of subsection (a)(1)(A) rather than the amount computed under section 1406 (e) of this title.

10 USC 8992 - Recomputation of retired pay to reflect advancement on retired list

(a) Entitlement to Recomputation.— 
An enlisted member or warrant officer of the Air Force who is advanced on the retired list under section 8964 of this title is entitled to recompute his retired pay in accordance with this section.
(b) Formula.— 
The monthly retired pay of a member entitled to recompute that pay under this section is computed by multiplying
(1) the members retired pay base (as computed under section 1406 (e) or 1407 of this title), by
(2) the retired pay multiplier prescribed in section 1409 of this title for the number of years credited to the member under section 1405 of this title.
(c) Rounding to Next Lower Dollar.— 
The amount computed under subsection (b), if not a multiple of $1, shall be rounded to the next lower multiple of $1.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 873 - CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES

10 USC 9021 - Air University: civilian faculty members

(a) Authority of Secretary.— 
The Secretary of the Air Force may employ as many civilians as professors, instructors, and lecturers at a school of the Air University as the Secretary considers necessary.
(b) Compensation of Faculty Members.— 
The compensation of persons employed under this section shall be as prescribed by the Secretary.
(c) Application to Certain Faculty Members.— 

(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), this section shall apply with respect to persons who are selected by the Secretary for employment as professors, instructors, and lecturers at a school of the Air University after February 27, 1990.
(2) This section shall not apply with respect to professors, instructors, and lecturers employed at a school of the Air University if the duration of the principal course of instruction offered at that school is less than 10 months.

10 USC 9022 - Repealed. Pub. L. 9894, title IX, 932(c)(1), Sept. 24, 1983, 97 Stat. 650]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 558, authorized Secretary of the Air Force to employ contract surgeons in an emergency. See section 1091 of this title.

10 USC 9023 - Repealed. Pub. L. 87651, title I, 128(1), Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 514]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 558, related to employment of civilians in service club and library services.

10 USC 9025 - Production of supplies and munitions: hours and pay of laborers and mechanics

During a national emergency declared by the President, the regular working hours of laborers and mechanics of the Department of the Air Force producing military supplies or munitions are 8 hours a day or 40 hours a week. However, under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Air Force these hours may be exceeded. Each laborer or mechanic who works more than 40 hours in a workweek shall be paid at a rate not less than one and one-half times the regular hourly rate for each hour in excess of 40.

10 USC 9027 - Civilian special agents of the Office of Special Investigations: authority to execute warrants and make arrests

(a) Authority.— 
The Secretary of the Air Force may authorize any Department of the Air Force civilian employee described in subsection (b) to have the same authority to execute and serve warrants and other processes issued under the authority of the United States and to make arrests without a warrant as may be authorized under section 1585a of this title for special agents of the Defense Criminal Investigative Service.
(b) Agents To Have Authority.— 
Subsection (a) applies to any employee of the Department of the Air Force who is a special agent of the Air Force Office of Special Investigations (or a successor to that office) whose duties include conducting, supervising, or coordinating investigations of criminal activity in programs and operations of the Department of the Air Force.
(c) Guidelines for Exercise of Authority.— 
The authority provided under subsection (a) shall be exercised in accordance with guidelines prescribed by the Secretary of the Air Force and approved by the Secretary of Defense and the Attorney General and any other applicable guidelines prescribed by the Secretary of the Air Force, the Secretary of Defense, or the Attorney General.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 875 - MISCELLANEOUS INVESTIGATION REQUIREMENTS AND OTHER DUTIES

10 USC 9061 - Fatality reviews

(a) Review of Fatalities.— 
The Secretary of the Air Force shall conduct a multidisciplinary, impartial review (referred to as a fatality review) in the case of each fatality known or suspected to have resulted from domestic violence or child abuse against any of the following:
(1) A member of the Air Force on active duty.
(2) A current or former dependent of a member of the Air Force on active duty.
(3) A current or former intimate partner who has a child in common or has shared a common domicile with a member of the Air Force on active duty.
(b) Matters To Be Included.— 
The report of a fatality review under subsection (a) shall, at a minimum, include the following:
(1) An executive summary.
(2) Data setting forth victim demographics, injuries, autopsy findings, homicide or suicide methods, weapons, police information, assailant demographics, and household and family information.
(3) Legal disposition.
(4) System intervention and failures, if any, within the Department of Defense.
(5) A discussion of significant findings.
(6) Recommendations for systemic changes, if any, within the Department of the Air Force and the Department of Defense.
(c) OSD Guidance.— 
The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe guidance, which shall be uniform for the military departments, for the conduct of reviews by the Secretary under subsection (a).

TITLE 10 - US CODE - PART III - TRAINING

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 901 - TRAINING GENERALLY

10 USC 9301 - Members of Air Force: detail as students, observers, and investigators at educational institutions, industrial plants, and hospitals

(a) The Secretary of the Air Force may detail members of the Air Force as students at such technical, professional, and other civilian educational institutions, or as students, observers, or investigators at such industrial plants, hospitals, and other places, as are best suited to enable them to acquire knowledge or experience in the specialties in which it is considered necessary that they perfect themselves.
(b) An officer, other than one of the Regular Air Force on the active-duty list, who is detailed under subsection (a) shall be ordered to additional active duty immediately upon termination of the detail, for a period at least as long as the detail. However, if the detail is for 90 days or less, the officer may be ordered to that additional duty only with his consent and in the discretion of the Secretary.
(c) No Reserve of the Air Force may be detailed as a student, observer, or investigator, or ordered to active duty under this section, without his consent and, if a member of the Air National Guard of the United States, without the approval of the governor or other appropriate authority of the State, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the District of Columbia, Guam, or the Virgin Islands of whose Air National Guard he is a member.
(d) The Secretary may require, as a condition of a detail under subsection (a), that an enlisted member accept a discharge and be reenlisted in his component for at least three years.
(e) The total length of details of an enlisted member of the Air Force under subsection (a) during one enlistment period may not exceed 50 percent of that enlistment.
(f) At no time may more than 8 percent of the authorized strength in commissioned officers, 8 percent of the authorized strength in warrant officers, or 2 percent of the authorized strength in enlisted members, of the Regular Air Force, or more than 8 percent of the actual strength in commissioned officers, 8 percent of the actual strength in warrant officers, or 2 percent of the actual strength in enlisted members, of the total of reserve components of the Air Force, be detailed as students under subsection (a). For the purposes of this subsection, the actual strength of each category of Reserves includes both members on active duty and those not on active duty.
(g) Expenses incident to the detail of members under this section shall be paid from any funds appropriated for the Department of the Air Force.

10 USC 9302 - Enlisted members of Air Force: schools

(a) So far as consistent with the requirements of military training and service, and under regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary of the Air Force with the approval of the President, enlisted members of the Air Force shall be permitted to study and receive instruction to increase their military efficiency and to enable them to return to civilian life better equipped for industrial, commercial, and business occupations. Part of this instruction may be vocational education in agriculture or the mechanic arts. Civilian teachers may be employed to aid Air Force officers in this instruction.
(b) Schools for the instruction of enlisted members of the Air Force in the common branches of education, including United States history, shall be maintained at all air bases at which members of the Air Force are stationed. The Secretary may detail members of the Air Force to carry out this subsection. The commander of each air base where schools are maintained under this subsection shall provide a suitable room or building for school and religious purposes.

10 USC 9303 - Aviation cadets and aviation students: schools

The Secretary of the Air Force shall establish and maintain
(1) one or more schools for the training and instruction of aviation cadets; and
(2) courses of instruction for aviation students at one or more established flying schools.

10 USC 9304 - Aviation students: detail of enlisted members of Air Force

The Secretary of the Air Force may detail enlisted Regulars of the Air Force, and enlisted Reserves of the Air Force who are on active duty, for training and instruction as aviation students in their respective grades at schools selected by him.

10 USC 9305 - Civilian flying school instructors: instruction at Air Force training commands

(a) The Secretary of the Air Force may provide for the instruction and training, at Air Force training commands, of civilians selected from the instructional staffs of civilian flying schools that are accredited by the Department of the Air Force for the education and training of members of the Air Force.
(b) The training of civilians under subsection (a) shall be without cost to the United States, except for supplies necessary for training purposes.
(c) A civilian undergoing training under subsection (a) may be treated in a Government hospital if he becomes sick or is injured. However, that treatment shall be without cost to the United States except for services of Government medical personnel and the use of hospital equipment other than medicine or supplies.
(d) No civilian who sustains a personal injury, and no dependent of a civilian who dies of disease or injury, while undergoing training under subsection (a), is entitled to any compensation, pension, or gratuity for that injury or death.

10 USC 9306 - Service schools: leaves of absence for instructors

The officer in charge of an Air Force service school may grant a leave of absence for the period of the suspension of the ordinary academic studies, without deduction of pay or allowances, to any officer on duty exclusively as an instructor at the school.

10 USC 9314 - Degree granting authority for United States Air Force Institute of Technology

(a) Authority.— 
Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Air Force, the commander of the Air University may, upon the recommendation of the faculty of the United States Air Force Institute of Technology, confer appropriate degrees upon graduates of the United States Air Force Institute of Technology who meet the degree requirements.
(b) Limitation.— 
A degree may not be conferred under this section unless
(1) the Secretary of Education has recommended approval of the degree in accordance with the Federal Policy Governing Granting of Academic Degrees by Federal Agencies; and
(2) the United States Air Force Institute of Technology is accredited by the appropriate civilian academic accrediting agency or organization to award the degree, as determined by the Secretary of Education.
(c) Congressional Notification Requirements.— 

(1) When seeking to establish degree granting authority under this section, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives
(A) a copy of the self assessment questionnaire required by the Federal Policy Governing Granting of Academic Degrees by Federal Agencies, at the time the assessment is submitted to the Department of Educations National Advisory Committee on Institutional Quality and Integrity; and
(B) the subsequent recommendations and rationale of the Secretary of Education regarding the establishment of the degree granting authority.
(2) Upon any modification or redesignation of existing degree granting authority, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report containing the rationale for the proposed modification or redesignation and any subsequent recommendation of the Secretary of Education on the proposed modification or redesignation.
(3) The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report containing an explanation of any action by the appropriate academic accrediting agency or organization not to accredit the United States Air Force Institute of Technology to award any new or existing degree.
(d) Civilian Faculty.— 

(1) The Secretary of the Air Force may employ as many civilian faculty members at the United States Air Force Institute of Technology as is consistent with the needs of the Air Force and with Department of Defense personnel limits.
(2) The Secretary shall prescribe regulations determining
(A) titles and duties of civilian members of the faculty; and
(B) pay of civilian members of the faculty, notwithstanding chapter 53 of title 5, but subject to the limitation set out in section 5373 of title 5.
(e) Reimbursement and Tuition.— 

(1) The Department of the Army, the Department of the Navy, and the Department of Homeland Security shall bear the cost of the instruction at the Air Force Institute of Technology that is received by members of the armed forces detailed for that instruction by the Secretaries of the Army, Navy, and Homeland Security, respectively.
(2) Members of the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard may only be detailed for instruction at the Institute on a space-available basis.
(3) In the case of an enlisted member of the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard permitted to receive instruction at the Institute, the Secretary of the Air Force shall charge that member only for such costs and fees as the Secretary considers appropriate (taking into consideration the admission of enlisted members on a space-available basis).
(4) 
(A) The Institute shall charge tuition for the cost of providing instruction at the Institute for any civilian employee of a military department (other than a civilian employee of the Department of the Air Force), of another component of the Department of Defense, or of another Federal agency who receives instruction at the Institute.
(B) The cost of any tuition charged an individual under this paragraph shall be borne by the department, agency, or component sending the individual for instruction at the Institute.
(5) Amounts received by the Institute for the instruction of students under this subsection shall be retained by the Institute. Such amounts shall be available to the Institute to cover the costs of such instruction. The source and disposition of such amounts shall be specifically identified in the records of the Institute.
(f) Acceptance of Research Grants.— 

(1) The Secretary of the Air Force may authorize the Commandant of the United States Air Force Institute of Technology to accept qualifying research grants. Any such grant may only be accepted if the work under the grant is to be carried out by a professor or instructor of the Institute for a scientific, literary, or educational purpose.
(2) A qualifying research grant under this subsection is a grant that is awarded on a competitive basis by an entity referred to in paragraph (3) for a research project with a scientific, literary, or educational purpose.
(3) A grant may be accepted under this subsection only from a corporation, fund, foundation, educational institution, or similar entity that is organized and operated primarily for scientific, literary, or educational purposes.
(4) The Secretary shall establish an account for administering funds received as research grants under this section. The Commandant of the Institute shall use the funds in the account in accordance with applicable provisions of the regulations and the terms and condition of the grants received.
(5) Subject to such limitations as may be provided in appropriations Acts, appropriations available for the Institute may be used to pay expenses incurred by the Institute in applying for, and otherwise pursuing, the award of qualifying research grants.
(6) The Secretary shall prescribe regulations for the administration of this subsection.

10 USC 9315 - Community College of the Air Force: associate degrees

(a) Establishment and Mission.— 
There is in the Air Force a Community College of the Air Force. Such college, in cooperation with civilian colleges and universities, shall
(1) prescribe programs of higher education for enlisted members described in subsection (b) designed to improve the technical, managerial, and related skills of such members and to prepare such members for military jobs which require the utilization of such skills; and
(2) monitor on a continuing basis the progress of members pursuing such programs.
(b) Members Eligible for Programs.— 
Subject to such other eligibility requirements as the Secretary concerned may prescribe, the following members of the armed forces are eligible to participate in programs of higher education under subsection (a)(1):
(1) Enlisted members of the Air Force.
(2) Enlisted members of the armed forces other than the Air Force who are serving as instructors at Air Force training schools.
(c) Associate Degrees.— 

(1) Subject to paragraph (2), an academic degree at the level of associate may be conferred under section 9317 of this title upon any enlisted member who has completed a program prescribed by the Community College of the Air Force.
(2) No degree may be conferred upon any enlisted member under this section unless the Secretary of Education determines that the standards for the award of academic degrees in agencies of the United States have been met.

10 USC 9316 - Repealed. Pub. L. 110417, [div. A], title III, 353(a), Oct. 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 4425]

Section, added Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title XIV, 1439(c), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1689, related to training and support for A10 aircraft.

10 USC 9317 - Degree granting authority for Air University

(a) Authority.— 
Except as provided in sections 9314 and 9315 of this title, under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Air Force, the commander of the Air University may, upon the recommendation of the faculty of the Air University components, confer appropriate degrees upon graduates who meet the degree requirements.
(b) Limitation.— 
A degree may not be conferred under this section unless
(1) the Secretary of Education has recommended approval of the degree in accordance with the Federal Policy Governing Granting of Academic Degrees by Federal Agencies; and
(2) the Air University is accredited by the appropriate civilian academic accrediting agency or organization to award the degree, as determined by the Secretary of Education.
(c) Congressional Notification Requirements.— 

(1) When seeking to establish degree granting authority under this section, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives
(A) a copy of the self assessment questionnaire required by the Federal Policy Governing Granting of Academic Degrees by Federal Agencies, at the time the assessment is submitted to the Department of Educations National Advisory Committee on Institutional Quality and Integrity; and
(B) the subsequent recommendations and rationale of the Secretary of Education regarding the establishment of the degree granting authority.
(2) Upon any modification or redesignation of existing degree granting authority, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report containing the rationale for the proposed modification or redesignation and any subsequent recommendation of the Secretary of Education on the proposed modification or redesignation.
(3) The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report containing an explanation of any action by the appropriate academic accrediting agency or organization not to accredit the Air University to award any new or existing degree.

10 USC 9319 - Recruit basic training: separate housing for male and female recruits

(a) Physically Separate Housing.— 

(1) The Secretary of the Air Force shall provide for housing male recruits and female recruits separately and securely from each other during basic training.
(2) To meet the requirements of paragraph (1), the sleeping areas and latrine areas provided for male recruits shall be physically separated from the sleeping areas and latrine areas provided for female recruits by permanent walls, and the areas for male recruits and the areas for female recruits shall have separate entrances.
(3) The Secretary shall ensure that, when a recruit is in an area referred to in paragraph (2), the area is supervised by one or more persons who are authorized and trained to supervise the area.
(b) Alternative Separate Housing.— 
If male recruits and female recruits cannot be housed as provided under subsection (a) by October 1, 2001, at a particular installation, the Secretary of the Air Force shall require (on and after that date) that male recruits in basic training at such installation be housed in barracks or other troop housing facilities that are only for males and that female recruits in basic training at such installation be housed in barracks or other troop housing facilities that are only for females.
(c) Construction Planning.— 
In planning for the construction of housing to be used for housing recruits during basic training, the Secretary of the Air Force shall ensure that the housing is to be constructed in a manner that facilitates the housing of male recruits and female recruits separately and securely from each other.
(d) Basic Training Defined.— 
In this section, the term basic training means the initial entry training program of the Air Force that constitutes the basic training of new recruits.

10 USC 9320 - Recruit basic training: privacy

The Secretary of the Air Force shall require that access by military training instructors and other training personnel to a living area in which recruits are housed during basic training shall be limited after the end of the training day, other than in the case of an emergency or other exigent circumstance, to military training instructors and other training personnel who are of the same sex as the recruits housed in that living area or to superiors in the chain of command of those recruits who, if not of the same sex as the recruits housed in that living area, are accompanied by a member (other than a recruit) who is of the same sex as the recruits housed in that living area.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 903 - UNITED STATES AIR FORCE ACADEMY

10 USC 9331 - Establishment; Superintendent; faculty

(a) There is in the Department of the Air Force an Air Force Academy (hereinafter in this chapter referred to as the Academy) for the instruction and preparation for military service of selected persons called Air Force cadets. The organization of the Academy shall be prescribed by the Secretary of the Air Force.
(b) There shall be at the Academy the following:
(1) A Superintendent.
(2) A Dean of the Faculty.
(3) A Commandant of Cadets.
(4) 23 permanent professors.
(5) A chaplain.
(6) A director of admissions.

10 USC 9332 - Departments and professors: titles

The Secretary of the Air Force may prescribe the titles of each of the departments of instruction and the professors of the Academy. However, the change of the title of a department or officer does not affect the status, rank, or eligibility for promotion or retirement of, or otherwise prejudice, a professor at the Academy.

10 USC 9333 - Superintendent; faculty: appointment and detail

(a) The Superintendent and the Commandant of Cadets of the Academy shall be detailed to those positions by the President from the officers of the Air Force.
(b) The permanent professors of the Academy shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.
(c) The director of admissions of the Academy shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and shall perform such duties as the Superintendent of the Academy may prescribe with the approval of the Secretary of the Air Force.

10 USC 9333a - Superintendent: condition for detail to position

(a) Retirement.— 
As a condition for detail to the position of Superintendent of the Academy, an officer shall acknowledge that upon termination of that detail the officer shall be retired pursuant to section 8921 (a) of this title, unless such retirement is waived under section 8921 (b) of this title.
(b) Minimum Tour of Duty.— 
An officer who is detailed to the position of Superintendent of the Academy shall be so detailed for a period of not less than three years. In any case in which an officer serving as Superintendent is reassigned or retires before having completed three years service as Superintendent, or otherwise leaves that position (other than due to death) without having completed three years service in that position, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to Congress notice that such officer left the position of Superintendent without having completed three years service in that position, together with a statement of the reasons why that officer did not complete three years service in that position.

10 USC 9334 - Command and supervision

(a) The immediate government of the Academy is under the Superintendent, who is also the commanding officer of the Academy and of the military post.
(b) The permanent professors and the director of admissions exercise command only in the academic department of the Academy.

10 USC 9335 - Dean of the Faculty

(a) The Dean of the Faculty is responsible to the Superintendent for developing and sustaining the curriculum and overseeing the faculty of the Academy. The qualifications, selection procedures, training, pay grade, and retention of the Dean shall be prescribed by the Secretary of the Air Force, except that a person may not be appointed or assigned as Dean unless that person holds the highest academic degree in that persons academic field. If a person appointed as the Dean is not an officer on active duty, the person shall be appointed as a member of the Senior Executive Service.
(b) While serving as Dean of the Faculty, an officer on active duty who holds a grade lower than brigadier general (or the equivalent) shall hold the grade of brigadier general (or the equivalent), if appointed to that grade by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The retirement age of an officer so appointed is that of a permanent professor of the Academy. An officer so appointed is counted for purposes of the applicable limitation in section 526 (a) of this title on general officers on active duty.

10 USC 9336 - Permanent professors; director of admissions

(a) A permanent professor of the Academy who is the head of a department of instruction, or who has served as such a professor for more than six years, has the grade of colonel. However, a permanent professor appointed from the Regular Air Force has the grade of colonel after the date when he completes six years of service as a professor, or after the date on which he would have been promoted had he been selected for promotion from among officers in the promotion zone, whichever is earlier. All other permanent professors have the grade of lieutenant colonel.
(b) A person appointed as director of admissions of the Academy has the regular grade of lieutenant colonel, and, after he has served six years as director of admissions, has the regular grade of colonel. However, a person appointed from the Regular Air Force has the regular grade of colonel after the date when he completes six years of service as director of admissions, or after the date on which he would have been promoted had he been selected for promotion from among officers in the promotion zone, whichever is earlier.

10 USC 9337 - Chaplain

There shall be a chaplain at the Academy, who must be a clergyman, appointed by the President for a term of four years. The chaplain is entitled to the same allowances for public quarters as are allowed to a captain, and to fuel and light for quarters in kind. The chaplain may be reappointed.

10 USC 9338 - Civilian faculty: number; compensation

(a) The Secretary of the Air Force may employ as many civilians as professors, instructors, and lecturers at the Academy as the Secretary considers necessary.
(b) The compensation of persons employed under this section is as prescribed by the Secretary.
(c) The Secretary of the Air Force may, notwithstanding the provisions of subchapter V of chapter 55 of title 5 or section 6101 of such title, prescribe for persons employed under this section the following:
(1) The work schedule, including hours of work and tours of duty, set forth with such specificity and other characteristics as the Secretary determines appropriate.
(2) Any premium pay or compensatory time off for hours of work or tours of duty in excess of the regularly scheduled hours or tours of duty.

10 USC 9341 - Faculty and other officers: leaves of absence

The Superintendent of the Academy may grant a leave of absence for the period of the suspension of the ordinary academic studies, without deduction of pay or allowances, to a professor, assistant professor, instructor, or other officer of the Academy.

10 USC 9341a - Cadets: appointment by the President

Cadets at the Academy shall be appointed by the President alone. An appointment is conditional until the cadet is admitted.

10 USC 9342 - Cadets: appointment; numbers, territorial distribution

(a) The authorized strength of Air Force Cadets of the Academy (determined for any year as of the day before the last day of the academic year) is 4,400 or such lower number as may be prescribed by the Secretary of the Air Force under subsection (j). Subject to that limitation, Air Force Cadets are selected as follows:
(1) 65 cadets selected in order of merit as established by competitive examination from the children of members of the armed forces who were killed in action or died of, or have a service-connected disability rated at not less than 100 per centum resulting from wounds or injuries received or diseases contracted in, or preexisting injury or disease aggravated by, active service, children of members who are in a missing status as defined in section 551 (2) of title 37, and children of civilian employees who are in missing status as defined in section 5561 (5) of title 5. The determination of the Department of Veterans Affairs as to service connection of the cause of death or disability, and the percentage at which the disability is rated, is binding upon the Secretary of the Air Force.
(2) Five cadets nominated at large by the Vice President or, if there is no Vice President, by the President pro tempore of the Senate.
(3) Ten cadets from each State, five of whom are nominated by each Senator from that State.
(4) Five cadets from each congressional district, nominated by the Representative from the district.
(5) Five cadets from the District of Columbia, nominated by the Delegate to the House of Representatives from the District of Columbia.
(6) Three cadets from the Virgin Islands, nominated by the Delegate in Congress from the Virgin Islands.
(7) Six cadets from Puerto Rico, five of whom are nominated by the Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico and one who is a native of Puerto Rico nominated by the Governor of Puerto Rico.
(8) Three cadets from Guam, nominated by the Delegate in Congress from Guam.
(9) Two cadets from American Samoa, nominated by the Delegate in Congress from American Samoa.
(10) One cadet from the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, nominated by the Delegate in Congress from the commonwealth.

Each Senator, Representative, and Delegate in Congress, including the Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico, is entitled to nominate 10 persons for each vacancy that is available to him under this section. Nominees may be submitted without ranking or with a principal candidate and 9 ranked or unranked alternates. Qualified nominees not selected for appointment under this subsection shall be considered qualified alternates for the purposes of selection under other provisions of this chapter.

(b) In addition, there may be appointed each year at the Academy cadets as follows:
(1) one hundred selected by the President from the children of members of an armed force who
(A) are on active duty (other than for training) and who have served continuously on active duty for at least eight years;
(B) are, or who died while they were, retired with pay or granted retired or retainer pay;
(C) are serving as members of reserve components and are credited with at least eight years of service computed under section 12733 of this title; or
(D) would be, or who died while they would have been, entitled to retired pay under chapter 1223 of this title except for not having attained 60 years of age;

however, a person who is eligible for selection under clause (1) of subsection (a) may not be selected under this clause.

(2) 85 nominated by the Secretary of the Air Force from enlisted members of the Regular Air Force.
(3) 85 nominated by the Secretary of the Air Force from enlisted members of reserve components of the Air Force.
(4) 20 nominated by the Secretary of the Air Force, under regulations prescribed by him, from the honor graduates of schools designated as honor schools by the Department of the Army, the Department of the Navy, or the Department of the Air Force, and from members of the Air Force Reserve Officers Training Corps.
(5) 150 selected by the Secretary of the Air Force in order of merit (prescribed pursuant to section 9343 of this title) from qualified alternates nominated by persons named in clauses (3) and (4) of subsection (a).
(c) The President may also appoint as cadets at the Academy children of persons who have been awarded the Medal of Honor for acts performed while in the armed forces.
(d) The Superintendent may nominate for appointment each year 50 persons from the country at large. Persons nominated under this paragraph may not displace any appointment authorized under clauses (2) through (9) of subsection (a) and may not cause the total strength of Air Force Cadets to exceed the authorized number.
(e) If the annual quota of cadets under subsection (b)(1), (2), or (3) is not filled, the Secretary may fill the vacancies by nominating for appointment other candidates from any of these sources who were found best qualified on examination for admission and not otherwise nominated.
(f) Each candidate for admission nominated under clauses (3) through (9) of subsection (a) must be domiciled in the State, or in the congressional district, from which he is nominated, or in the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, or the Virgin Islands, if nominated from one of those places.
(g) The Secretary of the Air Force may limit the number of cadets authorized to be appointed under this section to the number that can be adequately accommodated at the Academy as determined by the Secretary after consulting with the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives, subject to the following:
(1) Cadets chargeable to each nominating authority named in subsection (a)(3) or (4) may not be limited to less than four.
(2) If the Secretary limits the number of appointments under subsection (a)(3) or (4), appointments under subsection (b)(1)(4) are limited as follows:
(A) 27 appointments under subsection (b)(1);
(B) 27 appointments under subsection (b)(2);
(C) 27 appointments under subsection (b)(3); and
(D) 13 appointments under subsection (b)(4).
(3) If the Secretary limits the number of appointments under subsection (b)(5), appointments under subsection (b)(2)(4) are limited as follows:
(A) 27 appointments under subsection (b)(2);
(B) 27 appointments under subsection (b)(3); and
(C) 13 appointments under subsection (b)(4).
(4) The limitations provided for in this subsection do not affect the operation of subsection (e).
(h) The Superintendent shall furnish to any Member of Congress, upon the written request of such Member, the name of the Congressman or other nominating authority responsible for the nomination of any named or identified person for appointment to the Academy.
(i) For purposes of the limitation in subsection (a) establishing the aggregate authorized strength of Air Force Cadets, the Secretary of the Air Force may for any year permit a variance in that limitation by not more than one percent. In applying that limitation, and any such variance, the last day of an academic year shall be considered to be graduation day.
(j) 
(1) Beginning with the 20032004 academic year, the Secretary of the Air Force may prescribe annual increases in the cadet strength limit in effect under subsection (a). For any academic year, any such increase shall be by no more than 100 cadets or such lesser number as applies under paragraph (3) for that year. Such annual increases may be prescribed until the cadet strength limit is 4,400.
(2) Any increase in the cadet strength limit under paragraph (1) with respect to an academic year shall be prescribed not later than the date on which the budget of the President is submitted to Congress under sections 1105 of title 31 for the fiscal year beginning in the same year as the year in which that academic year begins. Whenever the Secretary prescribes such an increase, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a notice in writing of the increase. The notice shall state the amount of the increase in the cadet strength limit and the new cadet strength limit, as so increased, and the amount of the increase in Senior Air Force Reserve Officers Training Corps enrollment under each of sections 2104 and 2107 of this title.
(3) The amount of an increase under paragraph (1) in the cadet strength limit for an academic year may not exceed the increase (if any) for the preceding academic year in the total number of cadets enrolled in the Air Force Senior Reserve Officers Training Corps program under chapter 103 of this title who have entered into an agreement under section 2104 or 2107 of this title.
(4) In this subsection, the term cadet strength limit means the authorized maximum strength of Air Force Cadets of the Academy.

10 USC 9343 - Cadets: appointment; to bring to full strength

If it is determined that, upon the admission of a new class to the Academy, the number of cadets at the Academy will be below the authorized number, the Secretary of the Air Force may fill the vacancies by nominating additional cadets from qualified candidates designated as alternates and from other qualified candidates who competed for nomination and are recommended and found qualified by the Academy Board. At least three-fourths of those nominated under this section shall be selected from qualified alternates nominated by the persons named in clauses (2) through (8) of section 9342 (a) of this title, and the remainder from qualified candidates holding competitive nominations under any other provision of law. An appointment under this section is an additional appointment and is not in place of an appointment otherwise authorized by law.

10 USC 9344 - Selection of persons from foreign countries

(a) 
(1) The Secretary of the Air Force may permit not more than 60 persons at any one time from foreign countries to receive instruction at the Academy. Such persons shall be in addition to the authorized strength of the Air Force Cadets of the Academy under section 9342 of this title.
(2) The Secretary of the Air Force, upon approval by the Secretary of Defense, shall determine the countries from which persons may be selected for appointment under this section and the number of persons that may be selected from each country. The Secretary of the Air Force may establish entrance qualifications and methods of competition for selection among individual applicants under this section and shall select those persons who will be permitted to receive instruction at the Academy under this section.
(3) In selecting persons to receive instruction under this section from among applicants from the countries approved under paragraph (2), the Secretary of the Air Force shall give a priority to persons who have a national service obligation to their countries upon graduation from the Academy.
(b) 
(1) A person receiving instruction under this section is entitled to the pay, allowances, and emoluments of a cadet appointed from the United States, and from the same appropriations.
(2) Each foreign country from which a cadet is permitted to receive instruction at the Academy under this section shall reimburse the United States for the cost of providing such instruction, including the cost of pay, allowances, and emoluments provided under paragraph (1). The Secretary of the Air Force shall prescribe the rates for reimbursement under this paragraph, except that the reimbursement rates may not be less than the cost to the United States of providing such instruction, including pay, allowances, and emoluments, to a cadet appointed from the United States.
(3) The Secretary of Defense may waive, in whole or in part, the requirement for reimbursement of the cost of instruction for a cadet under paragraph (2). In the case of a partial waiver, the Secretary shall establish the amount waived.
(c) 
(1) Except as the Secretary of the Air Force determines, a person receiving instruction under this section is subject to the same regulations governing admission, attendance, discipline, resignation, discharge, dismissal, and graduation as a cadet at the Academy appointed from the United States. The Secretary may prescribe regulations with respect to access to classified information by a person receiving instruction under this section that differ from the regulations that apply to a cadet at the Academy appointed from the United States.
(2) A person receiving instruction under this section is not entitled to an appointment in an armed force of the United States by reason of graduation from the Academy.
(d) A person receiving instruction under this section is not subject to section 9346 (d) of this title.

10 USC 9345 - Exchange program with foreign military academies

(a) Exchange Program Authorized.— 
The Secretary of the Air Force may permit a student enrolled at a military academy of a foreign country to receive instruction at the Air Force Academy in exchange for an Air Force cadet receiving instruction at that foreign military academy pursuant to an exchange agreement entered into between the Secretary and appropriate officials of the foreign country. Students receiving instruction at the Academy under the exchange program shall be in addition to persons receiving instruction at the Academy under section 9344 of this title.
(b) Limitations on Number and Duration of Exchanges.— 
An exchange agreement under this section between the Secretary and a foreign country shall provide for the exchange of students on a one-for-one basis each fiscal year. Not more than 100 Air Force cadets and a comparable number of students from all foreign military academies participating in the exchange program may be exchanged during any fiscal year. The duration of an exchange may not exceed the equivalent of one academic semester at the Air Force Academy.
(c) Costs and Expenses.— 

(1) A student from a military academy of a foreign country is not entitled to the pay, allowances, and emoluments of an Air Force cadet by reason of attendance at the Air Force Academy under the exchange program, and the Department of Defense may not incur any cost of international travel required for transportation of such a student to and from the sponsoring foreign country.
(2) The Secretary may provide a student from a foreign country under the exchange program, during the period of the exchange, with subsistence, transportation within the continental United States, clothing, health care, and other services to the same extent that the foreign country provides comparable support and services to the exchanged Air Force cadet in that foreign country.
(3) The Air Force Academy shall bear all costs of the exchange program from funds appropriated for the Academy and such additional funds as may be available to the Academy from a source other than appropriated funds to support cultural immersion, regional awareness, or foreign language training activities in connection with the exchange program.
(4) Expenditures in support of the exchange program from funds appropriated for the Academy may not exceed $1,000,000 during any fiscal year.
(d) Application of Other Laws.— 
Subsections (c) and (d) of section 9344 of this title shall apply with respect to a student enrolled at a military academy of a foreign country while attending the Air Force Academy under the exchange program.
(e) Regulations.— 
The Secretary shall prescribe regulations to implement this section. Such regulations may include qualification criteria and methods of selection for students of foreign military academies to participate in the exchange program.

10 USC 9345a - Foreign and cultural exchange activities

(a) Attendance Authorized.— 
The Secretary of the Air Force may authorize the Air Force Academy to permit students, officers, and other representatives of a foreign country to attend the Air Force Academy for periods of not more than two weeks if the Secretary determines that the attendance of such persons contributes significantly to the development of foreign language, cross cultural interactions and understanding, and cultural immersion of cadets.
(b) Costs and Expenses.— 
The Secretary may pay the travel, subsistence, and similar personal expenses of persons incurred to attend the Air Force Academy under subsection (a).
(c) Effect of Attendance.— 
Persons attending the Air Force Academy under subsection (a) are not considered to be students enrolled at the Air Force Academy and are in addition to persons receiving instruction at the Air Force Academy under section 9344 or 9345 of this title.
(d) Source of Funds; Limitation.— 

(1) The Air Force Academy shall bear the costs of the attendance of persons under subsection (a) from funds appropriated for the Air Force Academy and from such additional funds as may be available to the Air Force Academy from a source, other than appropriated funds, to support cultural immersion, regional awareness, or foreign language training activities in connection with their attendance.
(2) Expenditures from appropriated funds in support of activities under this section may not exceed $40,000 during any fiscal year.

10 USC 9346 - Cadets: requirements for admission

(a) To be eligible for admission to the Academy a candidate must be at least 17 years of age and must not have passed his twenty-third birthday on July 1 of the year in which he enters the Academy.
(b) To be admitted to the Academy, an appointee must show, by an examination held under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Air Force, that he is qualified in the subjects prescribed by the Secretary.
(c) A candidate designated as a principal or an alternate for appointment as a cadet shall appear for physical examination at a time and place designated by the Secretary.
(d) To be admitted to the Academy, an appointee must take and subscribe to an oath prescribed by the Secretary of the Air Force. If a candidate for admission refuses to take and subscribe to the prescribed oath, his appointment is terminated.

10 USC 9347 - Cadets; nominees: effect of redistricting of States

If as a result of redistricting a State the domicile of a cadet, or a nominee, nominated by a Representative falls within a congressional district other than that from which he was nominated, he is charged to the district in which his domicile so falls. For this purpose, the number of cadets otherwise authorized for that district is increased to include him. However, the number as so increased is reduced by one if he fails to become a cadet or when he is finally separated from the Academy.

10 USC 9348 - Cadets: agreement to serve as officer

(a) Each cadet shall sign an agreement with respect to the cadets length of service in the armed forces. The agreement shall provide that the cadet agrees to the following:
(1) That the cadet will complete the course of instruction at the Academy.
(2) That upon graduation from the Academy the cadet
(A) will accept an appointment, if tendered, as a commissioned officer of the Regular Air Force; and
(B) will serve on active duty for at least five years immediately after such appointment.
(3) That if an appointment described in paragraph (2) is not tendered or if the cadet is permitted to resign as a regular officer before completion of the commissioned service obligation of the cadet, the cadet
(A) will accept an appointment as a commissioned officer as a Reserve in the Air Force for service in the Air Force Reserve; and
(B) will remain in that reserve component until completion of the commissioned service obligation of the cadet.
(b) 
(1) The Secretary of the Air Force may transfer to the Air Force Reserve, and may order to active duty for such period of time as the Secretary prescribes (but not to exceed four years), a cadet who breaches an agreement under subsection (a). The period of time for which a cadet is ordered to active duty under this paragraph may be determined without regard to section 651 (a) of this title.
(2) A cadet who is transferred to the Air Force Reserve under paragraph (1) shall be transferred in an appropriate enlisted grade or rating, as determined by the Secretary.
(3) For the purposes of paragraph (1), a cadet shall be considered to have breached an agreement under subsection (a) if the cadet is separated from the Academy under circumstances which the Secretary determines constitute a breach by the cadet of the cadets agreement to complete the course of instruction at the Academy and accept an appointment as a commissioned officer upon graduation from the Academy.
(c) The Secretary of the Air Force shall prescribe regulations to carry out this section. Those regulations shall include
(1) standards for determining what constitutes, for the purpose of subsection (b), a breach of an agreement under subsection (a);
(2) procedures for determining whether such a breach has occurred; and
(3) standards for determining the period of time for which a person may be ordered to serve on active duty under subsection(b).
(d) In this section, the term commissioned service obligation, with respect to an officer who is a graduate of the Academy, means the period beginning on the date of the officers appointment as a commissioned officer and ending on the sixth anniversary of such appointment or, at the discretion of the Secretary of Defense, any later date up to the eighth anniversary of such appointment.
(e) 
(1) This section does not apply to a cadet who is not a citizen or national of the United States.
(2) In the case of a cadet who is a minor and who has parents or a guardian, the cadet may sign the agreement required by subsection (a) only with the consent of a parent or guardian.
(f) A cadet or former cadet who does not fulfill the terms of the agreement as specified under section[1] (a), or the alternative obligation imposed under subsection (b), shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of title 37.
[1] So in original. Probably should be “subsection”.

10 USC 9349 - Cadets: organization; service; instruction

(a) A cadet shall perform duties at such places and of such type as the President may direct.
(b) The course of instruction at the Academy is four years.
(c) The Secretary of the Air Force shall so arrange the course of studies at the Academy that cadets are not required to pursue their studies on Sunday.
(d) Cadets shall be trained in the duties of members of the Air Force.

10 USC 9350 - Cadets: clothing and equipment

(a) The Secretary of the Air Force may prescribe the amount to be credited to a cadet, upon original admission to the Academy, for the cost of his initial issue of clothing and equipment. That amount shall be deducted from his pay. If a cadet is discharged before graduation while owing the United States for pay advanced for the purchase of required clothing and equipment, he shall turn in so much of his clothing and equipment of a distinctive military nature as is necessary to repay the amount advanced. If the value of the clothing and equipment turned in does not cover the amount owed, the indebtedness shall be canceled.
(b) Under such regulations as the Secretary may prescribe, uniforms and equipment shall be furnished to a cadet at the Academy upon his request.

10 USC 9351 - Cadets: deficiencies in conduct or studies; effect of failure on successor

(a) A cadet who is reported as deficient in conduct or studies and recommended to be discharged from the Academy may not, unless recommended by the Academy Board, be returned or reappointed to the Academy.
(b) Any cadet who fails to pass a required examination because he is deficient in any one subject of instruction is entitled to a reexamination of equal scope and difficulty in that subject, if he applies in writing to the Superintendent within 10 days after he is officially notified of his failure. The reexamination shall be held within 60 days after the date of his application. If the cadet passes the reexamination and is otherwise qualified, he shall be readmitted to the Academy. If he fails, he may not have another examination.
(c) The failure of a member of a graduating class to complete the course with his class does not delay the admission of his successor.

10 USC 9352 - Cadets: hazing

(a) Subject to the approval of the Secretary of the Air Force, the Superintendent of the Academy shall issue regulations
(1) defining hazing;
(2) designed to prevent that practice; and
(3) prescribing dismissal, suspension, or other adequate punishment for violations.
(b) If a cadet who is charged with violating a regulation issued under subsection (a), the penalty for which is or may be dismissal from the Academy, requests in writing a trial by a general court-martial, he may not be dismissed for that offense except under sentence of such a court.
(c) A cadet dismissed from the Academy for hazing may not be reappointed as an Air Force cadet, and is ineligible for appointment as a commissioned officer in a regular component of the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps, until two years after the graduation of his class.

10 USC 9353 - Cadets: degree and commission on graduation

(a) The Superintendent of the Academy may, under such conditions as the Secretary of the Air Force may prescribe, confer the degree of bachelor of science upon graduates of the Academy.
(b) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a cadet who completes the prescribed course of instruction may, upon graduation, be appointed a second lieutenant in the Regular Air Force under section 531 of this title.

10 USC 9354 - Buildings and grounds: buildings for religious worship

The Secretary of the Air Force may authorize any denomination, sect, or religious body to erect a building for religious worship at the Air Force Academy, if its erection will not interfere with the use of the reservation for military purposes and will be without expense to the United States. Such a building shall be removed, or its location changed, without compensation for it and without expense to the United States, by the denomination, sect, or religious body that erected it, whenever in the opinion of the Secretary public or military necessity so requires.

10 USC 9355 - Board of Visitors

(a) A Board of Visitors to the Academy is constituted annually. The Board consists of the following members:
(1) Six persons designated by the President.
(2) The chairman of the Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives, or his designee.
(3) Four persons designated by the Speaker of the House of Representatives, three of whom shall be members of the House of Representatives and the fourth of whom may not be a member of the House of Representatives.
(4) The chairman of the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate, or his designee.
(5) Three other members of the Senate designated by the Vice President or the President pro tempore of the Senate, two of whom are members of the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate.
(b) 
(1) The persons designated by the President serve for three years each except that any member whose term of office has expired shall continue to serve until his successor is designated. The President shall designate persons each year to succeed the members designated by the President whose terms expire that year.
(2) At least two of the members designated by the President shall be graduates of the Academy.
(c) 
(1) If a member of the Board dies or resigns or is terminated as a member of the Board under paragraph (2), a successor shall be designated for the unexpired portion of the term by the official who designated the member.
(2) 
(A) If a member of the Board fails to attend two successive Board meetings, except in a case in which an absence is approved in advance, for good cause, by the Board chairman, such failure shall be grounds for termination from membership on the Board. A person designated for membership on the Board shall be provided notice of the provisions of this paragraph at the time of such designation.
(B) Termination of membership on the Board under subparagraph (A)
(i) in the case of a member of the Board who is not a member of Congress, may be made by the Board chairman; and
(ii) in the case of a member of the Board who is a member of Congress, may be made only by the official who designated the member.
(C) When a member of the Board is subject to termination from membership on the Board under subparagraph (A), the Board chairman shall notify the official who designated the member. Upon receipt of such a notification with respect to a member of the Board who is a member of Congress, the official who designated the member shall take such action as that official considers appropriate.
(d) The Board should meet at least four times a year, with at least two of those meetings at the Academy. The Board or its members may make other visits to the Academy in connection with the duties of the Board. Board meetings should last at least one full day. Board members shall have access to the Academy grounds and the cadets, faculty, staff, and other personnel of the Academy for the purposes of the duties of the Board.
(e) 
(1) The Board shall inquire into the morale, discipline, and social climate, the curriculum, instruction, physical equipment, fiscal affairs, academic methods, and other matters relating to the Academy that the Board decides to consider.
(2) The Secretary of the Air Force and the Superintendent of the Academy shall provide the Board candid and complete disclosure, consistent with applicable laws concerning disclosure of information, with respect to institutional problems.
(3) The Board shall recommend appropriate action.
(f) The Board shall prepare a semiannual report containing its views and recommendations pertaining to the Academy, based on its meeting since the last such report and any other considerations it determines relevant. Each such report shall be submitted concurrently to the Secretary of Defense, through the Secretary of the Air Force, and to the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives.
(g) Upon approval by the Secretary, the Board may call in advisers for consultation.
(h) While performing duties as a member of the Board, each member of the Board and each adviser shall be reimbursed under Government travel regulations for travel expenses.

10 USC 9356 - Acceptance of guarantees with gifts for major projects

(a) Acceptance Authority.— 
Subject to subsection (c), the Secretary of the Air Force may accept from a donor or donors a qualified guarantee for the completion of a major project for the benefit of the Academy.
(b) Obligation Authority.— 
The amount of a qualified guarantee accepted under this section shall be considered as contract authority to provide obligation authority for purposes of Federal fiscal and contractual requirements. Funds available for a project for which such a guarantee has been accepted may be obligated and expended for the project without regard to whether the total amount of the funds and other resources available for the project (not taking into account the amount of the guarantee) is sufficient to pay for completion of the project.
(c) Notice of Proposed Acceptance.— 
The Secretary of the Air Force may not accept a qualified guarantee under this section for the completion of a major project until after the expiration of 30 days following the date upon which a report of the facts concerning the proposed guarantee is submitted to Congress or, if earlier, the expiration of 14 days following the date on which a copy of the report is provided in an electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of this title.
(d) Prohibition on Commingling of Funds.— 
The Secretary of the Air Force may not enter into any contract or other transaction involving the use of a qualified guarantee and appropriated funds in the same contract or transaction.
(e) Definitions.— 
In this section:
(1) Major project.— 
The term major project means a project for the purchase or other procurement of real or personal property, or for the construction, renovation, or repair of real or personal property, the total cost of which is, or is estimated to be, at least $1,000,000.
(2) Qualified guarantee.— 
The term qualified guarantee, with respect to a major project, means a guarantee that
(A) is made by one or more persons in connection with a donation, specifically for the project, of a total amount in cash or securities that, as determined by the Secretary of the Air Force, is sufficient to defray a substantial portion of the total cost of the project;
(B) is made to facilitate or expedite the completion of the project in reasonable anticipation that other donors will contribute sufficient funds or other resources in amounts sufficient to pay for completion of the project;
(C) is set forth as a written agreement that provides for the donor to furnish in cash or securities, in addition to the donors other gift or gifts for the project, any additional amount that may become necessary for paying the cost of completing the project by reason of a failure to obtain from other donors or sources funds or other resources in amounts sufficient to pay the cost of completing the project; and
(D) is accompanied by
(i) an irrevocable and unconditional standby letter of credit for the benefit of the Academy that is in the amount of the guarantee and is issued by a major United States commercial bank; or
(ii) a qualified account control agreement.
(3) Qualified account control agreement.— 
The term qualified account control agreement, with respect to a guarantee of a donor, means an agreement among the donor, the Secretary of the Air Force, and a major United States investment management firm that
(A) ensures the availability of sufficient funds or other financial resources to pay the amount guaranteed during the period of the guarantee;
(B) provides for the perfection of a security interest in the assets of the account for the United States for the benefit of the Academy with the highest priority available for liens and security interests under applicable law;
(C) requires the donor to maintain in an account with the investment management firm assets having a total value that is not less than 130 percent of the amount guaranteed; and
(D) requires the investment management firm, at any time that the value of the account is less than the value required to be maintained under subparagraph (C), to liquidate any noncash assets in the account and reinvest the proceeds in Treasury bills issued under section 3104 of title 31.
(4) Major united states commercial bank.— 
The term major United States commercial bank means a commercial bank that
(A) is an insured bank (as defined in section 3 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1813));
(B) is headquartered in the United States; and
(C) has net assets in a total amount considered by the Secretary of the Air Force to qualify the bank as a major bank.
(5) Major united states investment management firm.— 
The term major United States investment management firm means any broker, dealer, investment adviser, or provider of investment supervisory services (as defined in section 3 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 78c) or section 202 of the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 (15 U.S.C. 80b–2)) or a major United States commercial bank that
(A) is headquartered in the United States; and
(B) holds for the account of others investment assets in a total amount considered by the Secretary of the Air Force to qualify the firm as a major investment management firm.

10 USC 9357 - Grants for faculty research for scientific, literary, and educational purposes: acceptance; authorized grantees

(a) Acceptance of Research Grants.— 
The Secretary of the Air Force may authorize the Superintendent of the Academy to accept qualifying research grants under this section. Any such grant may only be accepted if the work under the grant is to be carried out by a professor or instructor of the Academy for a scientific, literary, or educational purpose.
(b) Qualifying Grants.— 
A qualifying research grant under this section is a grant that is awarded on a competitive basis by an entity referred to in subsection (c) for a research project with a scientific, literary, or educational purpose.
(c) Entities From Which Grants May be Accepted.— 
A grant may be accepted under this section only from a corporation, fund, foundation, educational institution, or similar entity that is organized and operated primarily for scientific, literary, or educational purposes.
(d) Administration of Grant Funds.— 
The Secretary shall establish an account for administering funds received as research grants under this section. The Superintendent shall use the funds in the account in accordance with applicable regulations and the terms and conditions of the grants received.
(e) Related Expenses.— 
Subject to such limitations as may be provided in appropriations Acts, appropriations available for the Academy may be used to pay expenses incurred by the Academy in applying for, and otherwise pursuing, award of a qualifying research grant.
(f) Regulations.— 
The Secretary of the Air Force shall prescribe regulations for the administration of this section.

10 USC 9359 - Mixed-funded athletic and recreational extracurricular programs: authority to manage appropriated funds in same manner as nonappropriated funds

(a) Authority.— 
In the case of an Academy mixed-funded athletic or recreational extracurricular program, the Secretary of the Air Force may designate funds appropriated to the Department of the Air Force and available for that program to be treated as nonappropriated funds and expended for that program in accordance with laws applicable to the expenditure of nonappropriated funds. Appropriated funds so designated shall be considered to be nonappropriated funds for all purposes and shall remain available until expended.
(b) Covered Programs.— 
In this section, the term Academy mixed-funded athletic or recreational extracurricular program means an athletic or recreational extracurricular program of the Academy to which each of the following applies:
(1) The program is not considered a morale, welfare, or recreation program.
(2) The program is supported through appropriated funds.
(3) The program is supported by a nonappropriated fund instrumentality.
(4) The program is not a private organization and is not operated by a private organization.

10 USC 9360 - Cadets: charges and fees for attendance; limitation

(a) Prohibition.— 
Except as provided in subsection (b), no charge or fee for tuition, room, or board for attendance at the Academy may be imposed unless the charge or fee is specifically authorized by a law enacted after October 5, 1994.
(b) Exception.— 
The prohibition specified in subsection (a) does not apply with respect to any item or service provided to cadets for which a charge or fee is imposed as of October 5, 1994. The Secretary of Defense shall notify Congress of any change made by the Academy in the amount of a charge or fee authorized under this subsection.

10 USC 9361 - Policy on sexual harassment and sexual violence

(a) Required Policy.— 
Under guidance prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the Air Force shall direct the Superintendent of the Academy to prescribe a policy on sexual harassment and sexual violence applicable to the cadets and other personnel of the Academy.
(b) Matters to Be Specified in Policy.— 
The policy on sexual harassment and sexual violence prescribed under this section shall include specification of the following:
(1) Programs to promote awareness of the incidence of rape, acquaintance rape, and other sexual offenses of a criminal nature that involve cadets or other Academy personnel.
(2) Procedures that a cadet should follow in the case of an occurrence of sexual harassment or sexual violence, including
(A) if the cadet chooses to report an occurrence of sexual harassment or sexual violence, a specification of the person or persons to whom the alleged offense should be reported and the options for confidential reporting;
(B) a specification of any other person whom the victim should contact; and
(C) procedures on the preservation of evidence potentially necessary for proof of criminal sexual assault.
(3) Procedures for disciplinary action in cases of alleged criminal sexual assault involving a cadet or other Academy personnel.
(4) Any other sanction authorized to be imposed in a substantiated case of sexual harassment or sexual violence involving a cadet or other Academy personnel in rape, acquaintance rape, or any other criminal sexual offense, whether forcible or nonforcible.
(5) Required training on the policy for all cadets and other Academy personnel, including the specific training required for personnel who process allegations of sexual harassment or sexual violence involving Academy personnel.
(c) Annual Assessment.— 

(1) The Secretary of Defense, through the Secretary of the Air Force, shall direct the Superintendent to conduct at the Academy during each Academy program year an assessment, to be administered by the Department of Defense, to determine the effectiveness of the policies, training, and procedures of the Academy with respect to sexual harassment and sexual violence involving Academy personnel.
(2) For the assessment at the Academy under paragraph (1) with respect to an Academy program year that begins in an odd-numbered calendar year, the Secretary of the Air Force shall conduct a survey, to be administered by the Department of Defense, of Academy personnel
(A) to measure
(i) the incidence, during that program year, of sexual harassment and sexual violence events, on or off the Academy reservation, that have been reported to officials of the Academy; and
(ii) the incidence, during that program year, of sexual harassment and sexual violence events, on or off the Academy reservation, that have not been reported to officials of the Academy; and
(B) to assess the perceptions of Academy personnel of
(i) the policies, training, and procedures on sexual harassment and sexual violence involving Academy personnel;
(ii) the enforcement of such policies;
(iii) the incidence of sexual harassment and sexual violence involving Academy personnel; and
(iv) any other issues relating to sexual harassment and sexual violence involving Academy personnel.
(d) Annual Report.— 

(1) The Secretary of the Air Force shall direct the Superintendent of the Academy to submit to the Secretary a report on sexual harassment and sexual violence involving cadets or other personnel at the Academy for each Academy program year.
(2) Each report under paragraph (1) shall include, for the Academy program year covered by the report, the following:
(A) The number of sexual assaults, rapes, and other sexual offenses involving cadets or other Academy personnel that have been reported to Academy officials during the program year and, of those reported cases, the number that have been substantiated.
(B) The policies, procedures, and processes implemented by the Secretary of the Air Force and the leadership of the Academy in response to sexual harassment and sexual violence involving cadets or other Academy personnel during the program year.
(C) A plan for the actions that are to be taken in the following Academy program year regarding prevention of and response to sexual harassment and sexual violence involving cadets or other Academy personnel.
(3) Each report under paragraph (1) for an Academy program year that begins in an odd-numbered calendar year shall include the results of the survey conducted in that program year under subsection (c)(2).
(4) 
(A) The Secretary of the Air Force shall transmit to the Secretary of Defense, and to the Board of Visitors of the Academy, each report received by the Secretary under this subsection, together with the Secretarys comments on the report.
(B) The Secretary of Defense shall transmit each such report, together with the Secretarys comments on the report, to the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 905 - AVIATION LEADERSHIP PROGRAM

10 USC 9381 - Establishment of program

Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the Air Force may establish and maintain an Aviation Leadership Program to provide undergraduate pilot training and necessary related training to personnel of the air forces of friendly, less-developed foreign nations. Training under this chapter shall include language training and programs to promote better awareness and understanding of the democratic institutions and social framework of the United States.

10 USC 9382 - Supplies and clothing

(a) The Secretary of the Air Force may, under such conditions as the Secretary may prescribe, provide to a person receiving training under this chapter
(1) transportation incident to the training;
(2) supplies and equipment to be used during the training;
(3) flight clothing and other special clothing required for the training; and
(4) billeting, food, and health services.
(b) The Secretary of the Air Force may authorize such expenditures from the appropriations of the Air Force as the Secretary considers necessary for the efficient and effective maintenance of the Program in accordance with this chapter.

10 USC 9383 - Allowances

The Secretary of the Air Force may pay to a person receiving training under this chapter a living allowance at a rate to be prescribed by the Secretary, taking into account the amount of living allowances authorized for a member of the armed forces under similar circumstances.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 907 - SCHOOLS AND CAMPS

10 USC 9411 - Establishment: purpose

The Secretary of the Air Force may maintain schools and camps for the military instruction and training of persons selected, upon their application, from warrant officers and enlisted members of the Air Force and civilians, to qualify them for appointment as reserve officers, or enlistment as reserve noncommissioned officers, for service in the Air Force Reserve.

10 USC 9412 - Operation

In maintaining camps established under section 9411 of this title, the Secretary of the Air Force may
(1) prescribe the periods during which they will be operated;
(2) prescribe regulations for their administration;
(3) prescribe the courses to be taught;
(4) detail members of the Regular Air Force to designated duties relating to the camps;
(5) use necessary supplies and transportation;
(6) furnish uniforms, subsistence, and medical attendance and supplies to persons attending the camp; and
(7) authorize necessary expenditures from proper Air Force funds for
(A) water;
(B) fuel;
(C) light;
(D) temporary structures, except barracks and officers quarters;
(E) screening;
(F) damages resulting from field exercises;
(G) expenses incident to theoretical winter instruction of trainees; and
(H) other expenses incident to maintaining the camps.

10 USC 9413 - Transportation and subsistence during travel

(a) There may be furnished to a person attending a school or camp established under section 9411 of this title, for travel to and from that school or camp
(1) transportation and subsistence;
(2) transportation in kind and a subsistence allowance of one cent a mile; or
(3) a travel allowance of five cents a mile.
(b) The travel allowance for the return trip may be paid in advance.
(c) For the purposes of this section, distance is computed by the shortest usually traveled route, within such territorial limits as the Secretary of the Air Force may prescribe, from the authorized starting point to the school or camp and return.

10 USC 9414 - Quartermaster and ordnance property: sales

The Secretary of the Air Force may sell to a person attending a school or camp established under section 9411 of this title quartermaster and ordnance property necessary for his proper equipment. Sales under this section shall be for cash.

10 USC 9415 - Inter-American Air Forces Academy

(a) Operation.— 
The Secretary of the Air Force may operate the Air Force education and training facility known as the Inter-American Air Forces Academy for the purpose of providing military education and training to military personnel of Central and South American countries, Caribbean countries, and other countries eligible for assistance under chapter 5 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2347 et seq.).
(b) Costs.— 
The fixed costs of operating and maintaining the Inter-American Air Forces Academy may be paid from funds available for operation and maintenance of the Air Force.

10 USC 9417.1 - Air War College: acceptance of grants for faculty research for scientific, literary, and educational purposes

(a) Acceptance of Research Grants.— 
The Secretary of the Air Force may authorize the Commandant of the Air War College to accept qualifying research grants. Any such grant may only be accepted if the work under the grant is to be carried out by a professor or instructor of the College for a scientific, literary, or educational purpose.
(b) Qualifying Grants.— 
A qualifying research grant under this section is a grant that is awarded on a competitive basis by an entity referred to in subsection (c) for a research project with a scientific, literary, or educational purpose.
(c) Entities From Which Grants May Be Accepted.— 
A grant may be accepted under this section only from a corporation, fund, foundation, educational institution, or similar entity that is organized and operated primarily for scientific, literary, or educational purposes.
(d) Administration of Grant Funds.— 
The Secretary shall establish an account for administering funds received as research grants under this section. The Commandant shall use the funds in the account in accordance with applicable provisions of the regulations and the terms and condition of the grants received.
(e) Related Expenses.— 
Subject to such limitations as may be provided in appropriations Acts, appropriations available for the Air War College may be used to pay expenses incurred by the College in applying for, and otherwise pursuing, the award of qualifying research grants.
(f) Regulations.— 
The Secretary shall prescribe regulations for the administration of this section.
[1] So in original. No section 9416 has been enacted.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 909 - CIVIL AIR PATROL

10 USC 9441 - Status as federally chartered corporation; purposes

(a) Status.— 

(1) The Civil Air Patrol is a nonprofit corporation that is federally chartered under section 40301 of title 36.
(2) Except as provided in section 9442 (b)(2) of this title, the Civil Air Patrol is not an instrumentality of the Federal Government for any purpose.
(b) Purposes.— 
The purposes of the Civil Air Patrol are set forth in section 40302 of title 36.

10 USC 9442 - Status as volunteer civilian auxiliary of the Air Force

(a) Volunteer Civilian Auxiliary.— 
The Civil Air Patrol is a volunteer civilian auxiliary of the Air Force when the services of the Civil Air Patrol are used by any department or agency in any branch of the Federal Government.
(b) Use by Air Force.— 

(1) The Secretary of the Air Force may use the services of the Civil Air Patrol to fulfill the noncombat programs and missions of the Department of the Air Force.
(2) The Civil Air Patrol shall be deemed to be an instrumentality of the United States with respect to any act or omission of the Civil Air Patrol, including any member of the Civil Air Patrol, in carrying out a mission assigned by the Secretary of the Air Force.

10 USC 9443 - Activities performed as federally chartered nonprofit corporation

(a) Use of Federally Provided Resources.— 
In its status as a federally chartered nonprofit corporation, the Civil Air Patrol may use equipment, supplies, and other resources, including aircraft, motor vehicles, computers, and communications equipment, provided to the Civil Air Patrol by a department or agency of the Federal Government or acquired by or for the Civil Air Patrol with appropriated funds (or with funds of the Civil Air Patrol, but reimbursed from appropriated funds)
(1) to provide assistance requested by State or local governmental authorities to perform disaster relief missions and activities, other emergency missions and activities, and nonemergency missions and activities; and
(2) to fulfill its other purposes set forth in section 40302 of title 36.
(b) Use Subject to Applicable Laws.— 
The use of equipment, supplies, or other resources under subsection (a) is subject to the laws and regulations that govern the use by nonprofit corporations of federally provided assets or of assets purchased with appropriated funds, as the case may be.
(c) Authority Not Contingent on Reimbursement.— 
The authority for the Civil Air Patrol to provide assistance under subsection (a)(1) is not contingent on the Civil Air Patrol being reimbursed for the cost of providing the assistance. If the Civil Air Patrol elects to require reimbursement for the provision of assistance under such subsection, the Civil Air Patrol may establish the reimbursement rate at a rate less than the rates charged by private sector sources for equivalent services.
(d) Liability Insurance.— 
The Secretary of the Air Force may provide the Civil Air Patrol with funds for paying the cost of liability insurance to cover missions and activities carried out under this section.

10 USC 9444 - Activities performed as auxiliary of the Air Force

(a) Air Force Support for Activities.— 
The Secretary of the Air Force may furnish to the Civil Air Patrol in accordance with this section any equipment, supplies, and other resources that the Secretary determines necessary to enable the Civil Air Patrol to fulfill the missions assigned by the Secretary to the Civil Air Patrol as an auxiliary of the Air Force.
(b) Forms of Air Force Support.— 
The Secretary of the Air Force may, under subsection (a)
(1) give, lend, or sell to the Civil Air Patrol without regard to subtitle I of title 40 and title III of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 251 et seq.)
(A) major items of equipment (including aircraft, motor vehicles, computers, and communications equipment) that are excess to the military departments; and
(B) necessary related supplies and training aids that are excess to the military departments;
(2) permit the use, with or without charge, of services and facilities of the Air Force;
(3) furnish supplies (including fuel, lubricants, and other items required for vehicle and aircraft operations) or provide funds for the acquisition of supplies;
(4) establish, maintain, and supply liaison officers of the Air Force at the national, regional, State, and territorial headquarters of the Civil Air Patrol;
(5) detail or assign any member of the Air Force or any officer, employee, or contractor of the Department of the Air Force to any liaison office at the national, regional, State, or territorial headquarters of the Civil Air Patrol;
(6) detail any member of the Air Force or any officer, employee, or contractor of the Department of the Air Force to any unit or installation of the Civil Air Patrol to assist in the training programs of the Civil Air Patrol;
(7) authorize the payment of travel expenses and allowances, at rates not to exceed those paid to employees of the United States under subchapter I of chapter 57 of title 5, to members of the Civil Air Patrol while the members are carrying out programs or missions specifically assigned by the Air Force;
(8) provide funds for the national headquarters of the Civil Air Patrol, including
(A) funds for the payment of staff compensation and benefits, administrative expenses, travel, per diem and allowances, rent, utilities, other operational expenses of the national headquarters; and
(B) to the extent considered necessary by the Secretary of the Air Force to fulfill Air Force requirements, funds for the payment of compensation and benefits for key staff at regional, State, or territorial headquarters;
(9) authorize the payment of expenses of placing into serviceable condition, improving, and maintaining equipment (including aircraft, motor vehicles, computers, and communications equipment) owned or leased by the Civil Air Patrol;
(10) provide funds for the lease or purchase of items of equipment that the Secretary determines necessary for the Civil Air Patrol;
(11) support the Civil Air Patrol cadet program by furnishing
(A) articles of the Air Force uniform to cadets without cost; and
(B) any other support that the Secretary of the Air Force determines is consistent with Air Force missions and objectives; and
(12) provide support, including appropriated funds, for the Civil Air Patrol aerospace education program to the extent that the Secretary of the Air Force determines appropriate for furthering the fulfillment of Air Force missions and objectives.
(c) Assistance by Other Agencies.— 

(1) The Secretary of the Air Force may arrange for the use by the Civil Air Patrol of such facilities and services under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of the Army, the Secretary of the Navy, or the head of any other department or agency of the United States as the Secretary of the Air Force considers to be needed by the Civil Air Patrol to carry out its mission.
(2) An arrangement for use of facilities or services of a military department or other department or agency under this subsection shall be subject to the agreement of the Secretary of the military department or head of the other department or agency, as the case may be.
(3) Each arrangement under this subsection shall be made in accordance with regulations prescribed under section 9448 of this title.

10 USC 9445 - Funds appropriated for the Civil Air Patrol

Funds appropriated for the Civil Air Patrol shall be available only for the exclusive use of the Civil Air Patrol.

10 USC 9446 - Miscellaneous personnel authorities

(a) Use of Retired Air Force Personnel.— 

(1) Upon the request of a person retired from service in the Air Force, the Secretary of the Air Force may enter into a personal services contract with that person providing for the person to serve as an administrator or liaison officer for the Civil Air Patrol. The qualifications of a person to provide the services shall be determined and approved in accordance with regulations prescribed under section 9448 of this title.
(2) To the extent provided in a contract under paragraph (1), a person providing services under the contract may accept services on behalf of the Air Force.
(3) A person, while providing services under a contract authorized under paragraph (1), may not be considered to be on active duty or inactive-duty training for any purpose.
(b) Use of Civil Air Patrol Chaplains.— 
The Secretary of the Air Force may use the services of Civil Air Patrol chaplains in support of the Air Force active duty and reserve component forces to the extent and under conditions that the Secretary determines appropriate.

10 USC 9447 - Board of Governors

(a) Governing Body.— 
The Board of Governors of the Civil Air Patrol is the governing body of the Civil Air Patrol.
(b) Composition.— 
The Board of Governors is composed of 11 members as follows:
(1) Four members appointed by the Secretary of the Air Force, who may be active or retired officers of the Air Force (including reserve components of the Air Force), employees of the United States, or private citizens.
(2) Four members of the Civil Air Patrol, selected in accordance with the constitution and bylaws of the Civil Air Patrol.
(3) Three members appointed or selected as provided in subsection (c) from among personnel of any Federal Government agencies, public corporations, nonprofit associations, and other organizations that have an interest and expertise in civil aviation and the Civil Air Patrol mission.
(c) Appointments From Interested Organizations.— 

(1) Subject to paragraph (2), the members of the Board of Governors referred to in subsection (b)(3) shall be appointed jointly by the Secretary of the Air Force and the National Commander of the Civil Air Patrol.
(2) Any vacancy in the position of a member referred to in paragraph (1) that is not filled under that paragraph within 90 days shall be filled by majority vote of the other members of the Board.
(d) Chairman.— 
The Chairman of the Board of Governors shall be chosen by the members of the Board of Governors from among the members of the Board referred to in paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (b) and shall serve for a term of two years. The position of Chairman shall be held on a rotating basis between members of the Board appointed by the Secretary of the Air Force under paragraph (1) of subsection (b) and members of the Board selected under paragraph (2) of that subsection.
(e) Powers.— 

(1) The Board of Governors shall, subject to paragraphs (2) and (3), exercise the powers granted to the Civil Air Patrol under section 40304 of title 36.
(2) Any exercise by the Board of the power to amend the constitution or bylaws of the Civil Air Patrol or to adopt a new constitution or bylaws shall be subject to approval by a majority of the members of the Board.
(3) Neither the Board of Governors nor any other component of the Civil Air Patrol may modify or terminate any requirement or authority set forth in this section.
(f) Personal Liability for Breach of a Fiduciary Duty.— 

(1) Subject to paragraph (2), the Board of Governors may take such action as is necessary to limit the personal liability of a member of the Board of Governors to the Civil Air Patrol, or to any of its members, for monetary damages for a breach of fiduciary duty while serving as a member of the Board.
(2) The Board may not limit the liability of a member of the Board of Governors to the Civil Air Patrol, or to any of its members, for monetary damages for any of the following:
(A) A breach of the members duty of loyalty to the Civil Air Patrol or its members.
(B) Any act or omission that is not in good faith or that involves intentional misconduct or a knowing violation of law.
(C) Participation in any transaction from which the member directly or indirectly derives an improper personal benefit.
(3) Nothing in this subsection shall be construed as rendering section 207 or 208 of title 18 inapplicable in any respect to a member of the Board of Governors who is a member of the Air Force on active duty, an officer on a retired list of the Air Force, or an employee of the United States.
(g) Personal Liability for Breach of a Fiduciary Duty.— 

(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), no member of the Board of Governors or officer of the Civil Air Patrol shall be personally liable for damages for any injury or death or loss or damage of property resulting from a tortious act or omission of an employee or member of the Civil Air Patrol.
(2) Paragraph (1) does not apply to a member of the Board of Governors or officer of the Civil Air Patrol for a tortious act or omission in which the member or officer, as the case may be, was personally involved, whether in breach of a civil duty or in commission of a criminal offense.
(3) Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to restrict the applicability of common law protections and rights that a member of the Board of Governors or officer of the Civil Air Patrol may have.
(4) The protections provided under this subsection are in addition to the protections provided under subsection (f).

10 USC 9448 - Regulations

(a) Authority.— 
The Secretary of the Air Force shall prescribe regulations for the administration of this chapter.
(b) Required Regulations.— 
The regulations shall include the following:
(1) Regulations governing the conduct of the activities of the Civil Air Patrol when it is performing its duties as a volunteer civilian auxiliary of the Air Force under section 9442 of this title.
(2) Regulations for providing support by the Air Force and for arranging assistance by other agencies under section 9444 of this title.
(3) Regulations governing the qualifications of retired Air Force personnel to serve as an administrator or liaison officer for the Civil Air Patrol under a personal services contract entered into under section 9446 (a) of this title.
(c) Approval by Secretary of Defense.— 
The regulations required by subsection (b)(2) shall be subject to the approval of the Secretary of Defense.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - PART IV - SERVICE, SUPPLY, AND PROCUREMENT

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 931 - CIVIL RESERVE AIR FLEET

10 USC 9511 - Definitions

In this chapter:
(1) The terms aircraft, citizen of the United States, civil aircraft, person, and public aircraft have the meanings given those terms by section 40102 (a) of title 49.
(2) The term passenger-cargo combined aircraft means a civil aircraft equipped so that its main deck can be used to carry both passengers and property (including mail) simultaneously.
(3) The term cargo-capable aircraft means a civil aircraft equipped so that all or substantially all of the aircrafts capacity can be used for the carriage of property or mail.
(4) The term passenger aircraft means a civil aircraft equipped so that its main deck can be used for the carriage of individuals and cannot be used principally, without major modification, for the carriage of property or mail.
(5) The term cargo-convertible aircraft means a passenger aircraft equipped or designed so that all or substantially all of the main deck of the aircraft can be readily converted for the carriage of property or mail.
(6) The term Civil Reserve Air Fleet means those aircraft allocated, or identified for allocation, to the Department of Defense under section 101 of the Defense Production Act of 1950 (50 App. U.S.C. 2071), or made available (or agreed to be made available) for use by the Department of Defense under a contract made under this title, as part of the program developed by the Department of Defense through which the Department of Defense augments its airlift capability by use of civil aircraft.
(7) The term contractor means a citizen of the United States
(A)  who owns or controls, or who will own or control, a new or existing aircraft and who contracts with the Secretary under section 9512 of this title to modify that aircraft by including or incorporating specified defense features in that aircraft and to commit that aircraft to the Civil Reserve Air Fleet,
(B)  who subsequently obtains ownership or control of a civil aircraft covered by such a contract and assumes all existing obligations under that contract, or
(C)  who owns or controls, or will own or control, new or existing aircraft and who, by contract, commits some or all of such aircraft to the Civil Reserve Air Fleet.
(8) The term existing aircraft means a civil aircraft other than a new aircraft.
(9) The term new aircraft means a civil aircraft that a manufacturer has not begun to assemble before the aircraft is covered by a contract under section 9512 of this title.
(10) The term Secretary means the Secretary of the Air Force.
(11) The term defense feature means equipment or design features included or incorporated in a civil aircraft which ensures the compatibility of such aircraft with the Department of Defense airlift system. Such term includes any equipment or design feature which enables such aircraft to be readily modified for use as an aeromedical aircraft or a cargo-convertible, cargo-capable, or passenger-cargo combined aircraft.

10 USC 9512 - Contracts for the inclusion or incorporation of defense features

(a) Authority to Contract.— 
Subject to the provisions of chapter 137 of this title, and to the extent that funds are otherwise available for obligation, the Secretary
(1) may contract with any citizen of the United States for the inclusion or incorporation of defense features in any new or existing aircraft to be owned or controlled by that citizen; and
(2) may contract with United States aircraft manufacturers for the inclusion or incorporation of defense features in new aircraft to be operated by a United States air carrier.
(b) Commitment to Civil Reserve Air Fleet.— 
Each contract entered into under this section shall provide
(1) that any aircraft covered by the contract shall be committed to the Civil Reserve Air Fleet;
(2) that, so long as the aircraft is owned or controlled by a contractor, the contractor shall operate the aircraft for the Department of Defense as needed during any activation of the Civil Reserve Air Fleet, notwithstanding any other contract or commitment of that contractor; and
(3) that the contractor operating the aircraft for the Department of Defense shall be paid for that operation at fair and reasonable rates.
(c) Terms and Required Repayment.— 
Each contract entered into under subsection (a) shall include a provision that requires the contractor to repay to the United States a percentage (to be established in the contract) of any amount paid by the United States to the contractor under the contract with respect to any aircraft if
(1) the aircraft is destroyed or becomes unusable, as defined in the contract;
(2) the defense features specified in the contract are rendered unusable or are removed from the aircraft;
(3) control over the aircraft is transferred to any person that is unable or unwilling to assume the contractors obligations under the contract; or
(4) the registration of the aircraft under section 44103 of title 49 is terminated for any reason not beyond the control of the contractor.
(d) Authority To Contract and Pay Directly.— 

(1) A contract under subsection (a) for the inclusion or incorporation of defense features in an aircraft may include a provision authorizing the Secretary
(A) to contract, with the concurrence of the contractor, directly with another person for the performance of the work necessary for the inclusion or incorporation of defense features in such aircraft; and
(B) to pay such other person directly for such work.
(2) A contract entered into pursuant to paragraph (1) may include such specifications for work and equipment as the Secretary considers necessary to meet the needs of the United States.
(e) Exclusivity of Commitment to Civil Reserve Air Fleet.— 
Notwithstanding section 101 of the Defense Production Act of 1950 (50 App. U.S.C. 2071), each aircraft covered by a contract entered into under this section shall be committed exclusively to the Civil Reserve Air Fleet for use by the Department of Defense as needed during any activation of the Civil Reserve Air Fleet unless the aircraft is released from that use by the Secretary of Defense.

10 USC 9513 - Use of military installations by Civil Reserve Air Fleet contractors

(a) Contract Authority.— 

(1) The Secretary of the Air Force
(A) may, by contract entered into with any contractor, authorize such contractor to use one or more Air Force installations designated by the Secretary; and
(B) with the consent of the Secretary of another military department, may, by contract entered into with any contractor, authorize the contractor to use one or more installations, designated by the Secretary of the Air Force, that is under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of such other military department.
(2) The Secretary of the Air Force may include in the contract such terms and conditions as the Secretary determines appropriate to promote the national defense or to protect the interests of the United States.
(b) Purposes of Use.— 
A contract entered into under subsection (a) may authorize use of a designated installation as a weather alternate, as a technical stop not involving the enplaning or deplaning of passengers or cargo, or, in the case of an installation within the United States, for other commercial purposes. Notwithstanding any other provision of the law, the Secretary may establish different levels and types of uses for different installations for commercial operations not required by the Department of Defense and may provide in contracts under subsection (a) for different levels and types of uses by different contractors.
(c) Disposition of Payments for Use.— 
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, amounts collected from the contractor for landing fees, services, supplies, or other charges authorized to be collected under the contract shall be credited to the appropriations of the armed forces having jurisdiction over the military installation to which the contract pertains. Amounts so credited to an appropriation shall be available for obligation for the same period as the appropriation to which credited.
(d) Hold Harmless Requirement.— 
A contract entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that the contractor agrees to indemnify and hold harmless the United States from any action, suit, or claim of any sort resulting from, relating to, or arising out of any activities conducted, or services or supplies furnished, in connection with the contract.
(e) Reservation of Right To Exclude Contractor.— 
A contract entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that the Secretary concerned may, without providing prior notice, deny access to an installation designated under the contract when the Secretary determines that it is necessary to do so in order to meet military exigencies.

10 USC 9514 - Indemnification of Department of Transportation for losses covered by defense-related aviation insurance

(a) Prompt Indemnification Required.— 

(1) In the event of a loss that is covered by defense-related aviation insurance, the Secretary of Defense shall promptly indemnify the Secretary of Transportation for the amount of the loss consistent with the indemnification agreement between the two Secretaries that underlies such insurance. The Secretary of Defense shall make such indemnification
(A) in the case of a claim for the loss of an aircraft hull, not later than 30 days after the date on which the Secretary of Transportation determines the claim to be payable or that amounts are due under the policy that provided the defense-related aviation insurance; and
(B) in the case of any other claim, not later than 180 days after the date on which the Secretary of Transportation determines the claim to be payable.
(2) When there is a loss of an aircraft hull that is (or may be) covered by defense-related aviation insurance, the Secretary of Transportation may make, during the period when a claim for such loss is pending with the Secretary of Transportation, any required periodic payments owed by the insured party to a lessor or mortgagee of such aircraft. Such payments shall commence not later than 30 days following the date of the presentment of the claim for the loss of the aircraft hull to the Secretary of Transportation. If the Secretary of Transportation determines that the claim is payable, any amount paid under this paragraph arising from such claim shall be credited against the amount payable under the aviation insurance. If the Secretary of Transportation determines that the claim is not payable, any amount paid under this paragraph arising from such claim shall constitute a debt to the United States, payable to the insurance fund. Any such amounts so returned to the United States shall be promptly credited to the fund or account from which the payments were made under this paragraph.
(b) Source of Funds for Payment of Indemnity.— 
The Secretary of Defense may pay an indemnity described in subsection (a) from any funds available to the Department of Defense for operation and maintenance, and such sums as may be necessary for payment of such indemnity are hereby authorized to be transferred to the Secretary of Transportation for such purpose.
(c) Notice to Congress.— 
In the event of a loss that is covered by defense-related aviation insurance in the case of an incident in which the covered loss is (or is expected to be) in an amount in excess of $1,000,000, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress notification of the loss as soon after the occurrence of the loss as possible and in no event more than 30 days after the date of the loss.
(d) Implementing Matters.— 

(1) Payment of indemnification under this section is not subject to section 2214 or 2215 of this title or any other provision of law requiring notification to Congress before funds may be transferred.
(2) Consolidation of claims arising from the same incident is not required before indemnification of the Secretary of Transportation for payment of a claim may be made under this section.
(e) Construction With Other Transfer Authority.— 
Authority to transfer funds under this section is in addition to any other authority provided by law to transfer funds (whether enacted before, on, or after the date of the enactment of this section) and is not subject to any dollar limitation or notification requirement contained in any other such authority to transfer funds.
[(f) Repealed. Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title X, 1031(a)(60)(B), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1603.]
(g) Definitions.— 
In this section:
(1) Defense-related aviation insurance.— 
The term defense-related aviation insurance means aviation insurance and reinsurance provided through policies issued by the Secretary of Transportation under chapter 443 of title 49 that pursuant to section 44305(b) of that title is provided by that Secretary without premium at the request of the Secretary of Defense and is covered by an indemnity agreement between the Secretary of Transportation and the Secretary of Defense.
(2) Loss.— 
The term loss includes damage to or destruction of property, personal injury or death, and other liabilities and expenses covered by the defense-related aviation insurance.

10 USC 9515 - Charter air transportation services: minimum annual purchase amount for carriers participating in Civil Reserve Air Fleet

(a) In General.— 
The Secretary of Defense shall take steps to
(1) improve the predictability in Department of Defense charter requirements;
(2) strengthen Civil Reserve Airlift Fleet participation to assure adequate capacity is available to meet steady-state, surge and mobilization requirements; and
(3) provide incentives for commercial air passenger carriers to provide newer, more efficient and reliable aircraft for Department of Defense service rather than older, fully depreciated aircraft.
(b) Consideration of Recommendations.— 
In carrying out subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall consider the recommendations on courses of action for the Civil Reserve Air Fleet as outlined in the report required by Section[1] 356 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 2008[2] (Public Law 110181).
(c) Contracts for Charter Air Transportation Services.— 
The Secretary of Defense may award to an air carrier or an air carrier contractor team arrangement participating in the Civil Reserve Air Fleet on a fiscal year basis a one-year contract for charter air transportation services with a minimum purchase amount under such contract determined in accordance with this section.
(d) Eligible Charter Air Transportation Carriers.— 
In order to be eligible for payments under the minimum purchase amount provided by this section, an air carrier (or any air carrier participating in an air carrier contractor team arrangement)
(1) if under contract with the Department of Defense in the prior fiscal year, shall have an average on-time pick up rate, based on factors within such air carriers control, of at least 90 percent;
(2) shall offer such amount of commitment to the Civil Reserve Air Fleet in excess of the minimum required for participation in the Civil Reserve Air Fleet as the Secretary of Defense shall specify for purposes of this section; and
(3) may not have refused a Department of Defense request to act as a host for other Civil Reserve Air Fleet carriers at intermediate staging bases during the prior fiscal year.
(e) Aggregate Minimum Purchase Amount.— 

(1) The aggregate amount of the minimum purchase amount for all contracts awarded under subsection (c) for a fiscal year shall be based on forecast needs, but may not exceed the amount equal to 80 percent of the average annual expenditure of the Department of Defense for charter air transportation services during the five-fiscal year period ending in the fiscal year before the fiscal year for which such contracts are awarded.
(2) In calculating the average annual expenditure of the Department of Defense for charter air transportation services for purposes of paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense shall omit from the calculation any fiscal year exhibiting unusually high demand for charter air transportation services if the Secretary determines that the omission of such fiscal year from the calculation will result in a more accurate forecast of anticipated charter air transportation services for purposes of that paragraph.
(f) Allocation of Minimum Purchase Among Charter Air Transportation Contracts.— 

(1) The aggregate amount of the minimum purchase amount for all contracts awarded under subsection (c) for a fiscal year, as determined under subsection (e), shall be allocated among all air carriers and air carrier contractor team arrangements awarded contracts under subsection (c) for such fiscal year in proportion to the commitments of such carriers to the Civil Reserve Air Fleet for such fiscal year.
(2) In determining the minimum purchase amount payable under paragraph (1) under a contract under subsection (c) for charter air transportation services provided by an air carrier or air carrier contractor team arrangement during the fiscal year covered by such contract, the Secretary of Defense may adjust the amount allocated to such carrier or arrangement under paragraph (2)[3] to take into account periods during such fiscal year when charter air transportation services of such carrier or a carrier in such arrangement are unavailable for usage by the Department of Defense, including during periods of refused business or suspended operations or when such carrier is placed in nonuse status pursuant to section 2640 of this title for safety reasons.
(g) Distribution of Amounts.— 
If any amount available under this section for the minimum purchase of charter air transportation services from a carrier or air carrier contractor team arrangement for a fiscal year under a contract under subsection (c) is not utilized to purchase charter air transportation services from the carrier or arrangement in such fiscal year, such amount shall be provided to the carrier or arrangement before the first day of the following fiscal year.
(h) Commitment of Funds.— 

(1) The Secretary of each military department shall transfer to the transportation working capital fund a percentage of the total amount anticipated to be required in such fiscal year for the payment of minimum purchase amounts under all contracts awarded under subsection (c) for such fiscal year equivalent to the percentage of the anticipated use of charter air transportation services by such military department during such fiscal year from all carriers under contracts awarded under subsection (c) for such fiscal year.
(2) Any amounts required to be transferred under paragraph (1) shall be transferred by the last day of the fiscal year concerned to meet the requirements of subsection (g) unless minimum purchase amounts have already been distributed by the Secretary of Defense under subsection (g) as of that date.
(i) Availability of Airlift Services.— 

(1) From the total amount of charter air transportation services available for a fiscal year under all contracts awarded under subsection (c) for such fiscal year, a military department shall be entitled to obtain a percentage of such services equal to the percentage of the contribution of the military department to the transportation working capital fund for such fiscal year under subsection (h).
(2) A military department may transfer any entitlement to charter air transportation services under paragraph (1) to any other military department or to any other agency, element, or component of the Department of Defense.
(j) Definition.— 
In this section, the term charter air transportation has the meaning given such term in section 40102 (14) of title 49, United States Code, except that it only means such transportation for which the Secretary of Defense has entered into a contract for the purpose of passenger travel.
(k) Sunset.— 
The authorities in this section shall expire on December 31, 2015.
[1] So in original. Probably should be “section”.
[2] See References in Text note below.
[3] So in original.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 933 - PROCUREMENT

10 USC 9531 - Repealed. Pub. L. 103160, div. A, title VIII, 823(2), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1707]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 575, authorized Secretary of the Air Force to procure aircraft and equipment and facilities necessary for the maintenance and operation of the Air Force.

10 USC 9532 - Factories, arsenals, and depots: manufacture at

The Secretary of the Air Force may have supplies needed for the Department of the Air Force made in factories, arsenals, or depots owned by the United States, so far as those factories, arsenals, or depots can make those supplies on an economical basis.

9534, 9535. Repealed. Pub. L. 103160, div. A, title VIII, 823(4), (5), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1707]

Section 9534, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 576, related to provisions in contracts for subsistence supplies. Section 9535, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 576, related to purchases without advertising of exceptional subsistence supplies.

10 USC 9536 - Equipment: bakeries, schools, kitchens, and mess halls

Money necessary for the following items for the use of enlisted members of the Air Force may be spent from appropriations for regular supplies:
(1) Equipment for air base bakeries.
(2) Furniture, textbooks, paper, and equipment for air base schools.
(3) Tableware and mess furniture for kitchens and mess halls.

9537, 9538. Repealed. Pub. L. 103160, div. A, title VIII, 823(6), (7), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1707]

Section 9537, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 576; Nov. 2, 1966, Pub. L. 89–718, § 8(a), 80 Stat. 1117; Dec. 12, 1980, Pub. L. 96–513, title V, § 514(13), 94 Stat. 2936, related to assistance of United States mapping agencies in making and developing military surveys and maps. Section 9538, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 576; Dec. 12, 1980, Pub. L. 96–513, title V, § 514(14), 94 Stat. 2936, related to exchange and reclamation of unserviceable ammunition by Secretary of the Air Force.

10 USC 9540 - Architectural and engineering services

(a) Whenever he considers that it is advantageous to the national defense and that existing facilities of the Department of the Air Force are inadequate, the Secretary of the Air Force may, by contract or otherwise, employ the architectural or engineering services of any person outside that Department for producing and delivering designs, plans, drawings, and specifications needed for any public works or utilities project of the Department.
(b) The fee for any service under this section may not be more than 6 percent of the estimated cost, as determined by the Secretary, of the project to which it applies.
(c) Sections 305, 3324, and 7204, chapter 51Sections 305, 3324, and 7204, chapter 51, and subchapters III, IV, and VI of chapter 53 of title 5 do not apply to employment under this section.

10 USC 9541 - Repealed. Pub. L. 103160, div. A, title VIII, 822(d)(2), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1707]

Section, added Pub. L. 97–258, § 2(b)(13)(B), Sept. 13, 1982, 96 Stat. 1058, related to gratuitous services of officers of Air Force Reserve. See section 10212 of this title.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 935 - ISSUE OF SERVICEABLE MATERIAL TO ARMED FORCES

10 USC 9561 - Rations

(a) The President may prescribe the components, and the quantities thereof, of the Air Force ration. He may direct the issue of equivalent articles in place of the prescribed components whenever, in his opinion, economy and the health and comfort of the members of the Air Force so require.
(b) An enlisted member of the Air Force on active duty is entitled to one ration daily. The emergency ration, when issued, is in addition to the regular ration.
(c) Fresh or preserved fruits, milk, butter, and eggs necessary for the proper diet of the sick in hospitals shall be provided under regulations approved by the Secretary.

10 USC 9562 - Clothing

The President may prescribe the quantity and kind of clothing to be issued annually to members of the Air Force.

10 USC 9563 - Clothing: replacement when destroyed to prevent contagion

The Secretary of the Air Force may order a gratuitous issue of clothing to any enlisted member of the Air Force who has had a contagious disease, and to any hospital attendant who attended him while he had that disease, to replace clothing destroyed by order of a medical officer to prevent contagion.

10 USC 9564 - Navy and Marine Corps: camp equipment and transportation; when on shore duty with Air Force

While any detachment of the Navy or Marine Corps is on shore duty in cooperation with troops of the Air Force, the Secretary of the Air Force shall, upon the requisition of the officer of the Navy or Marine Corps in command of the detachment, issue rations and camp equipment, and furnish transportation, to that detachment.

10 USC 9565 - Colors, standards, and guidons of demobilized organizations: disposition

(a) The Secretary of the Air Force may dispose of colors, standards, and guidons of demobilized organizations of the Air Force, as follows:
(1) Those brought into Federal service by the Air National Guard of a State may be returned to that State upon the request of its governor.
(2) Those that cannot be returned under clause (1) may, upon the request of its governor, be sent to the State that, as determined by the Secretary, furnished the majority of members of the organization when it was formed.

Those that cannot be returned or sent under clause (1) or (2) of this subsection shall be delivered to the Secretary, for such national use as he may direct.

(b) Title to colors, standards, and guidons of demobilized organizations of the Air Force remains in the United States.
(c) No color, standard, or guidon may be disposed of under this section unless provision satisfactory to the Secretary has been made for its preservation and care.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 937 - UTILITIES AND SERVICES

10 USC 9591 - Utilities: proceeds from overseas operations

During actual or threatened hostilities, proceeds from operating a public utility in connection with operations of the Air Force in the field overseas are available for that utility until the close of the fiscal year following that in which they are received.

10 USC 9592 - Radiograms and telegrams: forwarding charges due connecting commercial facilities

In the operation of telegraph lines, cables, or radio stations, members of the Air Force may, in the discretion of the Secretary of the Air Force, collect forwarding charges due connecting commercial telegraph or radio companies for sending radiograms or telegrams over their lines. Under such regulations as the Secretary may prescribe, they may present a voucher to a disbursing official for payment of the forwarding charge.

10 USC 9593 - Quarters: heat and light

The heat and light necessary for the authorized quarters of members of the Air Force shall be furnished at the expense of the United States.

10 USC 9594 - Air Force Military History Institute: fee for providing historical information to the public

(a) Authority.— 
Except as provided in subsection (b), the Secretary of the Air Force may charge a person a fee for providing the person with information from the United States Air Force Military History Institute that is requested by that person.
(b) Exceptions.— 
A fee may not be charged under this section
(1) to a person for information that the person requests to carry out a duty as a member of the armed forces or an officer or employee of the United States; or
(2) for a release of information under section 552 of title 5.
(c) Limitation on Amount.— 
A fee charged for providing information under this section may not exceed the cost of providing the information.
(d) Retention of Fees.— 
Amounts received under subsection (a) for providing information in any fiscal year shall be credited to the appropriation or appropriations charged the costs of providing information to the public from the United States Air Force Military History Institute during that fiscal year.
(e) Definitions.— 
In this section:
(1) The term United States Air Force Military History Institute means the archive for historical records and materials of the Air Force that the Secretary of the Air Force designates as the primary archive for such records and materials.
(2) The terms officer of the United States and employee of the United States have the meanings given the terms officer and employee, respectively, in sections 2104 and 2105, respectively, of title 5.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 939 - SALE OF SERVICEABLE MATERIAL

10 USC 9621 - Subsistence and other supplies: members of armed forces; veterans; executive or military departments and employees; prices

(a) The Secretary of the Air Force shall procure and sell, for cash or credit
(1) articles designated by him, to members of the Air Force; and
(2) items of individual clothing and equipment, to officers of the Air Force, under such restrictions as the Secretary may prescribe.

An account of sales on credit shall be kept and the amount due reported to the Secretary. Except for articles and items acquired through the use of working capital funds under section 2208 of this title, sales of articles shall be at cost, and sales of individual clothing and equipment shall be at average current prices, including overhead, as determined by the Secretary.

(b) The Secretary shall sell subsistence supplies to members of other armed forces at the prices at which like property is sold to members of the Air Force.
(c) The Secretary may sell serviceable quartermaster property, other than subsistence supplies, to an officer of another armed force for his use in the service, in the same manner as these articles are sold to an officer of the Air Force.
(d) A person who has been discharged honorably or under honorable conditions from the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps and who is receiving care and medical treatment from the Public Health Service or the Department of Veterans Affairs may buy subsistence supplies and other supplies, except articles of uniform, at the prices at which like property is sold to a member of the Air Force.
(e) Under such conditions as the Secretary may prescribe, exterior articles of uniform may be sold to a person who has been discharged from the Air Force honorably or under honorable conditions, at the prices at which like articles are sold to members of the Air Force. This subsection does not modify section 772 or 773 of this title.
(f) Whenever, under regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary, subsistence supplies are furnished to any organization of the Air Force or sold to employees of any executive department other than the Department of Defense, payment shall be made in cash or by commercial credit.
(g) The Secretary may, by regulation, provide for the procurement and sale of stores designated by him to such civilian officers and employees of the United States, and such other persons, as he considers proper
(1) at military installations outside the United States; and
(2) at military installations inside the United States where he determines that it is impracticable for those civilian officers, employees, and persons to obtain those stores from private agencies without impairing the efficient operation of military activities.

However, sales to those officers and employees inside the United States may be made only to those residing within military installations.

(h) Appropriations for subsistence of the Air Force may be applied to the purchase of subsistence supplies for sale to members of the Air Force on active duty for the use of themselves and their families.

10 USC 9622 - Rations: commissioned officers in field

Commissioned officers of the Air Force serving in the field may buy rations for their own use, on credit. Amounts due for these purchases shall be reported monthly to the Secretary of the Air Force.

10 USC 9623 - Repealed. Pub. L. 105261, div. A, title III, 366(a), Oct. 17, 1998, 112 Stat. 1987]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 580, related to sale of tobacco by Air Force to enlisted members.

10 USC 9624 - Medical supplies: civilian employees of the Air Force; American National Red Cross; Armed Forces Retirement Home

(a) Under regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary of the Air Force, a civilian employee of the Department of the Air Force who is stationed at an air base may buy necessary medical supplies from the Air Force when they are prescribed by a medical officer on active duty.
(b) The Secretary may sell medical supplies to the American National Red Cross for cash.
(c) The Secretary may sell medical and hospital supplies to the Armed Forces Retirement Home.

10 USC 9625 - Ordnance property: officers of armed forces; civilian employees of Air Force; American National Red Cross; educational institutions; homes for veterans orphans

(a) The Secretary of the Air Force may sell articles of ordnance property to officers of other armed forces for their use in the service, in the same manner as these articles are sold to officers of the Air Force.
(b) Under such regulations as the Secretary may prescribe, ordnance stores may be sold to civilian employees of the Air Force and to the American National Red Cross.
(c) Articles of ordnance property may be sold to educational institutions and to State soldiers and sailors orphans homes for maintaining the ordnance and ordnance stores issued to those institutions and homes.

10 USC 9626 - Aircraft supplies and services: foreign military or other state aircraft

(a) Provision of Supplies and Services on Reimbursable Basis.— 

(1) The Secretary of the Air Force may, under such regulations as the Secretary may prescribe and when in the best interests of the United States, provide any of the supplies or services described in paragraph (2) to military and other state aircraft of a foreign country, on a reimbursable basis without an advance of funds, if similar supplies and services are furnished on a like basis to military aircraft and other state aircraft of the United States by the foreign country concerned.
(2) The supplies and services described in this paragraph are supplies and services as follows:
(A) Routine airport services, including landing and takeoff assistance, servicing aircraft with fuel, use of runways, parking and servicing, and loading and unloading of baggage and cargo.
(B) Miscellaneous supplies, including Air Force-owned fuel, provisions, spare parts, and general stores, but not including ammunition.
(b) Provision of Routine Airport Services on Non-Reimbursable Basis.— 

(1) Routine airport services may be provided under this section at no cost to a foreign country
(A) if such services are provided by Air Force personnel and equipment without direct cost to the Air Force; or
(B) if such services are provided under an agreement with the foreign country that provides for the reciprocal furnishing by the foreign country of routine airport services, as defined in that agreement, to military and other state aircraft of the United States without reimbursement.
(2) If routine airport services are provided under this section by a working-capital fund activity of the Air Force under section 2208 of this title and such activity is not reimbursed directly for the costs incurred by the activity in providing such services by reason of paragraph (1)(B), the working-capital fund activity shall be reimbursed for such costs out of funds currently available to the Air Force for operation and maintenance.

10 USC 9627 - Supplies: educational institutions

Under such regulations as the Secretary of the Air Force may prescribe, supplies and military publications procured for the Air Force may be sold to any educational institution to which an officer of the Air Force is detailed as professor of air science and tactics, for the use of its military students. Sales under this section shall be for cash.

10 USC 9628 - Airplane parts and accessories: civilian flying schools

The Secretary of the Air Force may sell, to civilian flying schools at which personnel of the Department of the Air Force or the Department of the Army are receiving flight training under contracts requiring these schools to maintain and repair airplanes of the Air Force furnished to them for flight training, the spare parts and accessories needed for those repairs.

10 USC 9629 - Proceeds: disposition

The proceeds of sales of the following shall be paid into the Treasury to the credit of the appropriation out of which they were purchased, and are available for the purposes of that appropriation:
(1) Exterior articles of uniform sold under section 9621 of this title.
(2) Supplies, war material, and military publications sold to educational institutions under section 9627 of this title.
(3) Fuel, oil, other supplies, and services sold under section 9626 of this title.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 941 - ISSUE OF SERVICEABLE MATERIAL OTHER THAN TO ARMED FORCES

10 USC 9651 - Arms, tentage, and equipment: educational institutions not maintaining units of A.F.R.O.T.C.

Under such conditions as he may prescribe, the Secretary of the Air Force may issue arms, tentage, and equipment that he considers necessary for proper military training, to any educational institution at which no unit of the Air Force Reserve Officers Training Corps is maintained, but which has a course in military training prescribed by the Secretary and which has at least 100 physically fit students over 14 years of age.

10 USC 9652 - Rifles and ammunition for target practice: educational institutions having corps of cadets

(a) The Secretary of the Air Force may lend, without expense to the United States, magazine rifles and appendages that are not of the existing service models in use at the time, and that are not necessary for a proper reserve supply, to any educational institution having a uniformed corps of cadets of sufficient number for target practice. He may also issue 40 rounds of ball cartridges for each cadet for each range at which target practice is held, but not more than 120 rounds each year for each cadet participating in target practice.
(b) The institutions to which property is lent under subsection (a) shall use it for target practice, take proper care of it, and return it when required.
(c) The Secretary shall prescribe regulations to carry out this section, containing such other requirements as he considers necessary to safeguard the interests of the United States.

10 USC 9653 - Ordnance and ordnance stores: District of Columbia high schools

The Secretary of the Air Force, under regulations to be prescribed by him, may issue to the high schools of the District of Columbia ordnance and ordnance stores required for military instruction and practice. The Secretary shall require a bond in double the value of the property issued under this section, for the care and safekeeping of that property and, except for property properly expended, for its return when required.

10 USC 9654 - Supplies: military instruction camps

Under such conditions as he may prescribe, the Secretary of the Air Force may issue, to any educational institution at which an Air Force officer is detailed as professor of air science and tactics, such supplies as are necessary to establish and maintain a camp for the military instruction of its students. The Secretary shall require a bond in the value of the property issued under this section, for the care and safekeeping of that property and, except for property properly expended, for its return when required.

10 USC 9655 - Arms and ammunition: agencies and departments of United States

(a) Whenever required for the protection of public money and property, the Secretary of the Air Force may lend arms and their accouterments, and issue ammunition, to a department or independent agency of the United States, upon request of its head. Property lent or issued under this subsection may be delivered to an officer of the department or agency designated by the head thereof, and that officer shall account for the property to the Secretary of the Air Force. Property lent or issued under this subsection and not properly expended shall be returned when it is no longer needed.
(b) The department or agency to which property is lent or issued under subsection (a) shall transfer funds to the credit of the Department of the Air Force to cover the costs of
(1) ammunition issued;
(2) replacing arms and accouterments that have been lost or destroyed or cannot be repaired;
(3) repairing arms and accouterments returned to the Department of the Air Force; and
(4) making and receiving shipments by the Department of the Air Force.

10 USC 9656 - Aircraft and equipment: civilian aviation schools

The Secretary of the Air Force, under regulations to be prescribed by him, may lend aircraft, aircraft parts, and aeronautical equipment and accessories that are required for instruction, training, and maintenance, to accredited civilian aviation schools at which personnel of the Department of the Air Force or the Department of the Army are pursuing a course of instruction and training under detail by competent orders.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 943 - DISPOSAL OF OBSOLETE OR SURPLUS MATERIAL

10 USC 9681 - Surplus war material: sale to States and foreign governments

Subject to regulations under section 121 of title 40, the Secretary of the Air Force may sell surplus war material and supplies, except food, of the Department of the Air Force, for which there is no adequate domestic market, to any State or to any foreign government with which the United States was at peace on June 5, 1920. Sales under this section shall be made upon terms that the Secretary considers expedient.

10 USC 9682 - Obsolete or excess material: sale to National Council of Boy Scouts of America

Subject to regulations under section 121 of title 40, the Secretary of the Air Force, under such conditions as he may prescribe, may sell obsolete or excess material to the National Council of the Boy Scouts of America. Sales under this section shall be at fair value to the Department of the Air Force, including packing, handling, and transportation.

10 USC 9684 - Surplus obsolete ordnance: sale to patriotic organizations

Subject to regulations under section 121 of title 40, the Secretary of the Air Force may sell, without advertisement and at prices that he considers reasonable
(1) surplus obsolete small arms and ammunition and equipment for them, to any patriotic organization for military purposes; and
(2) surplus obsolete brass or bronze cannons, carriages, and cannon balls, for public parks, public buildings, and soldiers monuments.

10 USC 9685 - Obsolete ordnance: loan to educational institutions and State soldiers and sailors orphans homes

(a) Upon the recommendation of the Governor of the State concerned or Guam or the Virgin Islands, the Secretary of the Air Force, under regulations to be prescribed by him and without cost to the United States for transportation, may lend obsolete ordnance and ordnance stores to State, Guam, and the Virgin Islands educational institutions and to State soldiers and sailors orphans homes, for drill and instruction. However, no loan may be made under this subsection to an institution to which ordnance or ordnance stores may be issued under any law that was in effect on June 30, 1906, and is still in effect.
(b) The Secretary shall require a bond from each institution or home to which property is lent under subsection (a), in double the value of the property lent, for the care and safekeeping of that property and, except for property properly expended, for its return when required.

10 USC 9686 - Obsolete ordnance: gift to State homes for soldiers and sailors

Subject to regulations under section 121 of title 40, the Secretary of the Air Force may give not more than two obsolete bronze or iron cannons suitable for firing salutes to any home for soldiers or sailors established and maintained under State authority.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 945 - DISPOSITION OF EFFECTS OF DECEASED PERSONS

10 USC 9711 - Repealed. Pub. L. 10665, div. A, title VII, 721(b), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 694]

Section, Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 584, related to inquests.

10 USC 9712 - Disposition of effects of deceased persons by summary court-martial

(a) Upon the death of
(1) a person subject to military law at a place or command under the jurisdiction of the Air Force; or
(2) a resident of the Armed Forces Retirement Home who dies in an Air Force hospital outside the District of Columbia when sent from the Home to that hospital for treatment;

the commanding officer of the place or command shall permit the legal representative or the surviving spouse of the deceased, if present, to take possession of the effects of the deceased that are then at the air base or in quarters.

(b) If there is no legal representative or surviving spouse present, the commanding officer shall direct a summary court-martial to collect the effects of the deceased that are then at the air base or in quarters.
(c) The summary court-martial may collect debts due the decedents estate by local debtors, pay undisputed local creditors of the deceased to the extent permitted by money of the deceased in the courts possession, and shall take receipts for those payments, to be filed with the courts final report to the Department of the Air Force.
(d) As soon as practicable after the collection of the effects and money of the deceased, the summary court-martial shall send them at the expense of the United States to the living person highest on the following list who can be found by the court:
(1) The surviving spouse or legal representative.
(2) A child of the deceased.
(3) A parent of the deceased.
(4) A brother or sister of the deceased.
(5) The next-of-kin of the deceased.
(6) A beneficiary named in the will of the deceased.
(e) If the summary court-martial cannot dispose of the effects under subsection (d) because there are no persons in those categories or because the court finds that the addresses of the persons are not known or readily ascertainable, the court may convert the effects of the deceased, except sabers, insignia, decorations, medals, watches, trinkets, manuscripts, and other articles valuable chiefly as keepsakes, into cash, by public or private sale, but not until 30 days after the date of death of the deceased.
(f) As soon as practicable after the effects have been converted into cash under subsection (e), the summary court-martial shall deposit all cash in the courts possession and belonging to the estate with the officer designated in regulations, and shall send a receipt therefor, together with any will or other papers of value, an inventory of the effects and articles not permitted to be sold, to the executive part of the Department of the Air Force. The Secretary of the Air Force shall deliver to the Armed Forces Retirement Home all items received by the executive part of the Department of the Air Force under this subsection.

10 USC 9713 - Repealed. Pub. L. 101510, div. A, title XV, 1533(a)(10)(A), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1735]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 586; Dec. 12, 1980, Pub. L. 96–513, title V, § 514(20)(A), (B), 94 Stat. 2936; Nov. 8, 1985, Pub. L. 99–145, title XIII, § 1301(d)(4)(B), 99 Stat. 737; Nov. 29, 1989, Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title XVI, 1621(a)(1), 103 Stat. 1602, related to disposition of effects of deceased persons by Soldiers and Airmens Home.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 947 - TRANSPORTATION

10 USC 9741 - Repealed. Pub. L. 108375, div. A, title X, 1072(c), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 2058]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 587, related to control and supervision of transportation of members, munitions of war, equipment, military property, and stores of the Air Force.

10 USC 9742 - Repealed. Pub. L. 104201, div. A, title IX, 906(c), Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2620]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 587, authorized President, through Secretary of the Air Force, to assume control of any transportation system in time of war. See section 2644 of this title.

10 USC 9743 - Repealed. Pub. L. 108375, div. A, title X, 1072(c), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 2058]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 587, related to use of transportation by officers of the Air Force.

10 USC 9746 - Repealed. Pub. L. 108375, div. A, title X, 1072(c), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 2058]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 587; Pub. L. 98–443, § 9(k), Oct. 4, 1984, 98 Stat. 1708, related to civilian personnel in Alaska.

10 USC 9748 - Repealed. Pub. L. 87651, title I, 129(1), Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 514]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 588, related to transportation of motor vehicles for members on permanent change of station, and is now covered by section 2634 of this title.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 949 - REAL PROPERTY

10 USC 9771 - Acceptance of donations: land for mobilization, training, supply base, or aviation field

The Secretary of the Air Force may accept for the United States a gift of
(1) land that he considers suitable and desirable for a permanent mobilization, training, or supply base; and
(2) land that he considers suitable and desirable for an aviation field, if the gift is from a citizen of the United States and its terms authorize the use of the property by the United States for any purpose.

10 USC 9772 - Repealed. Pub. L. 94579, title VII, 704(a), Oct 21, 1976, 90 Stat. 2792]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 588, authorized unappropriated public land or other property of United States to be reserved or used for air bases or testing fields.

10 USC 9773 - Acquisition and construction: air bases and depots

(a) The Secretary of the Air Force shall determine the sites of such additional permanent air bases and depots in all strategic areas of the United States and the Commonwealths, possessions, and holdings as he considers necessary. He shall determine when the enlargement of existing air bases and depots is necessary for the effective peacetime training of the Air Force.
(b) In determining the sites of new air bases and depots, the Secretary shall consider the following regions for the purposes indicated
(1) the Atlantic northeast, for training in cold weather and in fog;
(2) the Atlantic southeast and Caribbean areas, for training in long-range operations, especially those incident to reinforcing the defenses of the Panama Canal;
(3) the southeastern United States, to provide a depot necessary to maintain the Air Force;
(4) the Pacific northwest, to establish and maintain air communication with Alaska;
(5) Alaska, for training under conditions of extreme cold;
(6) the Rocky Mountain area, to provide a depot necessary to maintain the Air Force, and for training in operations from fields in high altitudes; and
(7) other regions, for the establishment of intermediate air bases to provide for transcontinental movements of the Air Force for maneuvers.
(c) In selecting sites for air bases and depots covered by this section and in determining the alteration or enlargement of existing air bases or depots, the Secretary shall consider the need
(1) to form the nucleus for concentration of Air Force units in time of war;
(2) to permit, in time of peace, training and effective planning in each strategic area for the use and expansion of commercial, municipal, and private flying installations in time of war;
(3) to locate, in each strategic area in which it is considered necessary, adequate storage facilities for munitions and other articles necessary to facilitate the movement, concentration, maintenance, and operation of the Air Force; and
(4) to afford the maximum warning against surprise attack by enemy aircraft upon aviation of the United States and its necessary installations consistent with maintaining, in connection with existing or contemplated landing fields, the full power of the Air Force for operations necessary in the defense of the United States, and in the defense and reinforcement of the Commonwealths, possessions, and holdings.
(d) In carrying out this section, the Secretary, on behalf of the United States, may acquire title, in fee simple and free of encumbrance, to any land that he considers necessary
(1) by accepting title without cost to the United States;
(2) by exchanging military reservations or parts thereof for that land, upon the written approval of the President; or
(3) by purchase or condemnation, if acquisition by gift or exchange is impracticable.
(e) The Secretary may, by purchase, gift, lease, or otherwise, acquire at desired locations bombing and machine gun ranges necessary for practice by, and the training of, tactical units.
(f) At each air base or depot established under this section, the Secretary shall remove or remodel existing structures as necessary; do necessary grading; and provide buildings, utilities, communication systems, landing fields and mats, roads, walks, aprons, docks, runways, facilities for the storage and distribution of ammunition, fuel, oil, necessary protection against bombs, and all appurtenances to the foregoing.
(g) The Secretary may direct the transportation of personnel, and the purchase, renovation, and transportation of material, that he considers necessary to carry out this section.

10 USC 9774 - Repealed. Pub. L. 97214, 7(1), July 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 173]

Section, acts Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 590; Aug. 30, 1957, Pub. L. 85–241, title IV, § 404(c), 71 Stat. 556; Aug. 10, 1959, Pub. L. 86–149, title IV, § 410(c), 73 Stat. 322; July 27, 1962, Pub. L. 87–554, title V, § 504(a), (c), 76 Stat. 239; Nov. 7, 1963, Pub. L. 88–174, title V, § 503, 77 Stat. 325; Dec. 5, 1969, Pub. L. 91–142, title V, § 510(b), 83 Stat. 312; Oct. 27, 1971, Pub. L. 92–145, title V, § 508(a), (c), 85 Stat. 408; Nov. 29, 1973, Pub. L. 93–166, title V, § 509(e), 87 Stat. 678, related to limitations on construction.

10 USC 9775 - Repealed. Pub. L. 92145, title V, 509(b), Oct. 27, 1971, 85 Stat. 408]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 590, authorized assignment of quarters belonging to United States at an air base or other Air Force installation to officers, grade lieutenant general down to second lieutenant, 10 to 2 rooms, respectively, and prohibited other assignment where quarters existed.

10 USC 9776 - Emergency construction: fortifications

If in an emergency the President considers it urgent, a temporary air base or fortification may be built on private land if the owner consents in writing.

10 USC 9777 - Permits: military reservations; landing ferries, erecting bridges, driving livestock

Whenever the Secretary of the Air Force considers that it can be done without injury to the reservation or inconvenience to the military forces stationed there, he may permit
(1) the landing of ferries at a military reservation;
(2) the erection of bridges on a military reservation; and
(3) the driving of livestock across a military reservation.

10 USC 9778 - Licenses: military reservations; erection and use of buildings; Young Mens Christian Association

Under such conditions as he may prescribe, the Secretary of the Air Force may issue a revocable license to the International Committee of Young Mens Christian Associations of North America to erect and maintain, on military reservations within the United States and the Commonwealths and possessions, buildings needed by that organization for the promotion of the social, physical, intellectual, and moral welfare of the members of the Air Force on those reservations.

10 USC 9779 - Use of public property

(a) When the economy of the Air Force so requires, the Secretary of the Air Force shall establish military headquarters in places where suitable buildings are owned by the United States.
(b) No money appropriated for the support of the Air Force may be spent for base gardens or Air Force exchanges. However, this does not prevent Air Force exchanges from using public buildings or public transportation that, in the opinion of the Secretary, are not needed for other purposes.

10 USC 9780 - Acquisition of buildings in District of Columbia

(a) In time of war or when war is imminent, the Secretary of the Air Force may acquire by lease any building, or part of a building, in the District of Columbia that may be needed for military purposes.
(b) At any time, the Secretary may, for the purposes of the Department of the Air Force, requisition the use and take possession of any building or space in any building, and its appurtenances, in the District of Columbia, other than
(1) a dwelling house occupied as such;
(2) a building occupied by any other agency of the United States; or
(3) space in such a dwelling house or building.

The Secretary shall determine, and pay out of funds appropriated for the payment of rent by the Department of the Air Force, just compensation for that use. If the amount of the compensation is not satisfactory to the person entitled to it, the Secretary shall pay 75 percent of it to that person, and the claimant is entitled to recover by action against the United States an additional amount that, when added to the amount paid by the Secretary, is determined by the court to be just compensation for that use.

10 USC 9781 - Disposition of real property at missile sites

(a) 
(1) The Administrator of General Services shall dispose of the interest of the United States in any tract of real property described in paragraph (2) or in any easement held in connection with any such tract of real property only as provided in this section.
(2) The real property referred to in paragraph (1) is any tract of land (including improvements thereon) owned by the Air Force that
(A) is not required for the needs of the Air Force and the discharge of the responsibilities of the Air Force, as determined by the Secretary of the Air Force;
(B) does not exceed 25 acres;
(C) was used by the Air Force as a site for one or more missile launch facilities, missile launch control buildings, or other facilities to support missile launch operations; and
(D) is surrounded by lands that are adjacent to such tract and that
(i) are owned in fee simple by one owner, either individually or by more than one person jointly, in common, or by the entirety; or
(ii) are owned separately by two or more owners.
(b) 
(1) 
(A) Whenever the interest of the United States in a tract of real property or easement referred to in subsection (a) is available for disposition under this section, the Administrator shall transmit a notice of the availability of the real property or easement to each person described in subsection (a)(2)(D)(i) who owns lands adjacent to that real property or easement.
(B) The Administrator shall convey, for fair market value, the interest of the United States in a tract of land referred to in subsection (a), or in any easement in connection with such a tract of land, to any person or persons described in subsection (a)(2)(D)(i) who, with respect to such land, are ready, willing, and able to purchase such interest for the fair market value of such interest.
(2) 
(A) In the case of a tract of real property referred to in subsection (a) that is surrounded by adjacent lands that are owned separately by two or more owners, the Administrator shall dispose of that tract of real property in accordance with this paragraph. In disposing of the real property, the Administrator shall satisfy the requirements specified in paragraph (1) regarding notice to owners, sale at fair market value, and the determination of the qualifications of the purchaser.
(B) The Administrator shall dispose of such a tract of real property through a sealed bid competitive sale. The Administrator shall afford an opportunity to compete to acquire the interest of the United States in the real property to all of the persons described in subsection (a)(2)(D)(ii) who own lands adjacent to that real property. The Administrator shall restrict to these persons the opportunity to compete in the sealed bid competitive sale.
(C) Subject to subparagraph (D), the Administrator shall convey the interest of the United States in the tract of real property to the highest bidder.
(D) If all of the bids received by the Administrator in the sealed bid competitive sale of the tract of real property are less than the fair market value of the real property, the Administrator shall dispose of the real property in accordance with the provisions of chapter 5 of title 40.
(c) The Administrator shall determine the fair market value of the interest of the United States to be conveyed under this section.
(d) The requirement to determine whether any tract of land described in subsection (a)(2) is excess property or surplus property under chapter 5 of title 40 before disposing of such tract shall not be applicable to the disposition of such tract under this section.
(e) The disposition of a tract of land under this section to any person shall be subject to
(1)  any easement retained by the Secretary of the Air Force with respect to such tract, and
(2)  such additional terms and conditions as the Administrator considers necessary or appropriate to protect the interests of the United States.
(f) The exact acreage and legal description of any tract of land to be conveyed under this section shall be determined in any manner that is satisfactory to the Administrator. The cost of any survey conducted for the purpose of this subsection in the case of any tract of land shall be borne by the person or persons to whom the conveyance of such tract of land is made.
(g) If any real property interest of the United States described in subsection (a) is not purchased under the procedures provided in subsections (a) through (f), such tract may be disposed of only in accordance with subtitle I of title 40 and title III of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 251 et seq.).

10 USC 9782 - Maintenance and repair of real property

(a) Allocation of Funds.— 
The Secretary of the Air Force shall allocate funds authorized to be appropriated by a provision described in subsection (c) and a provision described in subsection (d) for maintenance and repair of real property at military installations of the Department of the Air Force without regard to whether the installation is supported with funds authorized by a provision described in subsection (c) or (d).
(b) Mixing of Funds Prohibited on Individual Projects.— 
The Secretary of the Air Force may not combine funds authorized to be appropriated by a provision described in subsection (c) and funds authorized to be appropriated by a provision described in subsection (d) for an individual project for maintenance and repair of real property at a military installation of the Department of the Air Force.
(c) Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation Funds.— 
The provision described in this subsection is a provision of a national defense authorization Act that authorizes funds to be appropriated for a fiscal year to the Air Force for research, development, test, and evaluation.
(d) Operation and Maintenance Funds.— 
The provision described in this subsection is a provision of a national defense authorization Act that authorizes funds to be appropriated for a fiscal year to the Air Force for operation and maintenance.

10 USC 9783 - Johnston Atoll: reimbursement for support provided to civil air carriers

(a) Authority of the Secretary.— 
The Secretary of the Air Force may, under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, require payment by a civil air carrier for support provided by the United States to the carrier at Johnston Atoll that is either
(1) requested by the civil air carrier; or
(2) determined under the regulations as being necessary to accommodate the civil air carriers use of Johnston Atoll.
(b) Amount of Charges.— 
Any amount charged an air carrier under subsection (a) for support shall be equal to the total amount of the actual costs to the United States of providing the support. The amount charged may not include any amount for an item of support that does not satisfy a condition described in paragraph (1) or (2) of subsection (a).
(c) Relationship to Landing Fees.— 
No landing fee shall be charged an air carrier for a landing of an aircraft of the air carrier at Johnston Atoll if the air carrier is charged under subsection (a) for support provided to the air carrier.
(d) Disposition of Payments.— 

(1) Amounts collected from an air carrier under this section shall be credited to appropriations available for the fiscal year in which collected, as follows:
(A) For support provided by the Air Force, to appropriations available for the Air Force for operation and maintenance.
(B) For support provided by the Army, to appropriations available for the Army for chemical demilitarization.
(2) Amounts credited to an appropriation under paragraph (1) shall be merged with funds in that appropriation and shall be available, without further appropriation, for the purposes and period for which the appropriation is available.
(e) Definitions.— 
In this section:
(1) The term civil air carrier means an air carrier (as defined in section 40102 (a)(2) of title 49) that is issued a certificate of public convenience and necessity under section 41102 of such title.
(2) The term support includes fuel, fire rescue, use of facilities, improvements necessary to accommodate use by civil air carriers, police, safety, housing, food, air traffic control, suspension of military operations on the island (including operations at the Johnston Atoll Chemical Agent Demilitarization System), repairs, and any other construction, services, or supplies.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 951 - MILITARY CLAIMS

10 USC 9801 - Definition

In this chapter, the term settle means consider, ascertain, adjust, determine, and dispose of a claim, whether by full or partial allowance or by disallowance.

10 USC 9802 - Admiralty claims against the United States

(a) The Secretary of the Air Force may settle or compromise an admiralty claim against the United States for
(1) damage caused by a vessel of, or in the service of, the Department of the Air Force or by other property under the jurisdiction of the Department of the Air Force;
(2) compensation for towage and salvage service, including contract salvage, rendered to a vessel of, or in the service of, the Department of the Air Force or to other property under the jurisdiction of the Department of the Air Force; or
(3) damage caused by a maritime tort committed by any agent or employee of the Department of the Air Force or by property under the jurisdiction of the Department of the Air Force.
(b) If a claim under subsection (a) is settled or compromised for $500,000 or less, the Secretary of the Air Force may pay it. If it is settled or compromised for more than $500,000, he shall certify it to Congress.
(c) In any case where the amount to be paid is not more than $100,000, the Secretary of the Air Force may delegate his authority under subsection (a) to any person in the Department of the Air Force designated by him.

10 USC 9803 - Admiralty claims by United States

(a) Under the direction of the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the Air Force may settle, or compromise, and receive payment of a claim by the United States for damage to property under the jurisdiction of the Department of the Air Force or property for which the Department has assumed an obligation to respond for damage, if
(1) the claim is
(A) of a kind that is within the admiralty jurisdiction of a district court of the United States; or
(B) for damage caused by a vessel or floating object; and
(2) the amount to be received by the United States is not more than $500,000.
(b) In exchange for payment of an amount found to be due the United States under subsection (a), the Secretary of the Air Force may execute a release of the claim on behalf of the United States. Amounts received under this section shall be covered into the Treasury.
(c) In any case where the amount to be received by the United States is not more than $100,000, the Secretary of the Air Force may delegate his authority under subsections (a) and (b) to any person in the Department of the Air Force designated by him.

10 USC 9804 - Salvage claims by United States

(a) The Secretary of the Air Force may settle, or compromise, and receive payment of a claim by the United States for salvage services performed by the Department of the Air Force. Amounts received under this section shall be covered into the Treasury.
(b) In any case where the amount to be received by the United States is not more than $10,000, the Secretary of the Air Force may delegate his authority under subsection (a) to any person designated by him.

10 USC 9805 - Repealed. Pub. L. 86533, 1(7)(A), June 29, 1960, 74 Stat. 246]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 592, related to reports to Congress with respect to claims under sections 9802, 9803, and 9804 of this title.

10 USC 9806 - Settlement or compromise: final and conclusive

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, upon acceptance of payment the settlement or compromise of a claim under section 9802 or 9803 of this title is final and conclusive.

TITLE 10 - US CODE - CHAPTER 953 - ACCOUNTABILITY AND RESPONSIBILITY

10 USC 9831 - Custody of departmental records and property

The Secretary of the Air Force has custody and charge of all books, records, papers, furniture, fixtures, and other property under the lawful control of the executive part of the Department of the Air Force.

10 USC 9832 - Repealed. Pub. L. 110181, div. A, title III, 375(c)(1)(C), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 84]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 593, authorized Secretary of the Air Force to prescribe regulations for property accountability.

10 USC 9833 - Repealed. Pub. L. 87480, 1(4), June 8, 1962, 76 Stat. 94]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 593, related to accountability of Air Force officers for public money. See section 2773 of this title.

10 USC 9835 - Repealed. Pub. L. 107314, div. A, title X, 1006(c)(1), Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2633]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 593, related to action upon reports of surveys and vouchers pertaining to the loss, spoilage, unserviceability, unsuitability, or destruction of or damage to property of the United States under the control of the Department of the Air Force.

10 USC 9836 - Repealed. Pub. L. 110181, div. A, title III, 375(c)(1)(D), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 84]

Section, act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 594, prohibited unauthorized disposition of individual equipment by enlisted members of the Air Force.

10 USC 9837 - Settlement of accounts: remission or cancellation of indebtedness of members

(a) In General.— 
The Secretary of the Air Force may have remitted or cancelled any part of the indebtedness of a person to the United States or any instrumentality of the United States incurred while the person was serving on active duty as a member of the Air Force, but only if the Secretary considers such action to be in the best interest of the United States.
(b) Retroactive Applicability to Certain Debts.— 
The authority in subsection (a) may be exercised with respect to any debt covered by that subsection that is incurred on or after October 7, 2001.
(c) Regulations.— 
This section shall be administered under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense.

10 USC 9838 - Settlement of accounts: affidavit of squadron commander

In the settlement of the accounts of the commanding officer of a squadron for clothing and other military supplies, his affidavit may be received to show
(1) that vouchers or squadron books were lost;
(2) anything tending to prove that any apparent deficiency of those articles was caused by unavoidable accident, or by loss in actual service without his fault; or
(3) that all or part of the clothing and supplies was properly used.

The affidavit may be used as evidence of the facts set forth, with or without other evidence, as determined by the Secretary of the Air Force to be just and proper under the circumstances.

10 USC 9839 - Settlement of accounts: oaths

The Secretary of the Air Force may detail any employee of the Department of the Air Force to administer oaths required by law in the settlement of an officers accounts for clothing and other military supplies. An oath administered under this section shall be without expense to the person to whom it is administered.

10 USC 9840 - Final settlement of officers accounts

Before final payment upon discharge may be made to an officer of the Air Force who has been accountable or responsible for public property, he must obtain a certificate of nonindebtedness to the United States from each officer to whom he was accountable or responsible for property. He must also make an affidavit, certified by his commanding officer to be correct, that he is not accountable or responsible for property to any other officer. An officer who has not been responsible for public property must make an affidavit of that fact, certified by his commanding officer. Compliance with this section warrants the final payment of the officer concerned.

10 USC 9841 - Payment of small amounts to public creditors

When authorized by the Secretary of the Air Force, a disbursing official of Air Force subsistence funds may keep a limited amount of those funds in the personal possession and at the risk of the disbursing official to pay small amounts to public creditors.

10 USC 9842 - Settlement of accounts of line officers

The Comptroller General shall settle the account of a line officer of the Air Force for pay due the officer even if the officer cannot account for property entrusted to the officer or cannot make a monthly report or return, when the Comptroller General is satisfied that the inability to account for property or make a report or return was the result of the officer having been a prisoner, or of an accident or casualty of war.