7 USC 8102 - Biobased markets program

(a) Federal procurement of biobased products 

(1) Definition of procuring agency 
In this subsection, the term procuring agency means
(A) any Federal agency that is using Federal funds for procurement; or
(B) a person that is a party to a contract with any Federal agency, with respect to work performed under such a contract.

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(2) Procurement preference 

(A) In general 

(i) Procuring agency duties Except as provided in clause (ii) and subparagraph (B), after the date specified in applicable guidelines prepared pursuant to paragraph (3), each procuring agency shall
(I) establish a procurement program, develop procurement specifications, and procure biobased products identified under the guidelines described in paragraph (3) in accordance with this section; and
(II) with respect to items described in the guidelines, give a procurement preference to those items that
(aa) are composed of the highest percentage of biobased products practicable; or
(bb) comply with the regulations issued under section 6914b–1 of title 42.
(ii) Exception The requirements of clause (i)(I) to establish a procurement program and develop procurement specifications shall not apply to a person described in paragraph (1)(B).
(B) Flexibility 
Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), a procuring agency may decide not to procure items described in that subparagraph if the procuring agency determines that the items
(i) are not reasonably available within a reasonable period of time;

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(ii) fail to meet
(I) the performance standards set forth in the applicable specifications; or
(II) the reasonable performance standards of the procuring agencies; or
(iii) are available only at an unreasonable price.
(C) Minimum requirements 
Each procurement program required under this subsection shall, at a minimum
(i) be consistent with applicable provisions of Federal procurement law;
(ii) ensure that items composed of biobased products will be purchased to the maximum extent practicable;
(iii) include a component to promote the procurement program;
(iv) provide for an annual review and monitoring of the effectiveness of the procurement program; and
(v) adopt 1 of the 2 polices described in subparagraph (D) or (E), or a policy substantially equivalent to either of those policies.
(D) Case-by-case policy 

(i) In general Subject to subparagraph (B) and except as provided in clause (ii), a procuring agency adopting the case-by-case policy shall award a contract to the vendor offering an item composed of the highest percentage of biobased products practicable.
(ii) Exception Subject to subparagraph (B), an agency adopting the policy described in clause (i) may make an award to a vendor offering items with less than the maximum biobased products content.
(E) Minimum content standards 
Subject to subparagraph (B), a procuring agency adopting the minimum content standards policy shall establish minimum biobased products content specifications for awarding contracts in a manner that ensures that the biobased products content required is consistent with this subsection.
(F) Certification 
After the date specified in any applicable guidelines prepared pursuant to paragraph (3), contracting offices shall require that vendors certify that the biobased products to be used in the performance of the contract will comply with the applicable specifications or other contractual requirements.
(3) Guidelines 

(A) In general 
The Secretary, after consultation with the Administrator, the Administrator of General Services, and the Secretary of Commerce (acting through the Director of the National Institute of Standards and Technology), shall prepare, and from time to time revise, guidelines for the use of procuring agencies in complying with the requirements of this subsection.
(B) Requirements 
The guidelines under this paragraph shall
(i) designate those items (including finished products) that are or can be produced with biobased products (including biobased products for which there is only a single product or manufacturer in the category) that will be subject to the preference described in paragraph (2);
(ii) designate those intermediate ingredients and feedstocks that are or can be used to produce items that will be subject to the preference described in paragraph (2);
(iii) automatically designate items composed of intermediate ingredients and feedstocks designated under clause (ii), if the content of the designated intermediate ingredients and feedstocks exceeds 50 percent of the item (unless the Secretary determines a different composition percentage is appropriate);
(iv) set forth recommended practices with respect to the procurement of biobased products and items containing such materials;
(v) provide information as to the availability, relative price, performance, and environmental and public health benefits of such materials and items; and
(vi) take effect on the date established in the guidelines, which may not exceed 1 year after publication.
(C) Information provided 
Information provided pursuant to subparagraph (B)(v) with respect to a material or item shall be considered to be provided for another item made with the same material or item.
(D) Prohibition 
Guidelines issued under this paragraph may not require a manufacturer or vendor of biobased products, as a condition of the purchase of biobased products from the manufacturer or vendor, to provide to procuring agencies more data than would be required to be provided by other manufacturers or vendors offering products for sale to a procuring agency, other than data confirming the biobased content of a product.
(E) Qualifying purchases 
The guidelines shall apply with respect to any purchase or acquisition of a procurement item for which
(i) the purchase price of the item exceeds $10,000; or
(ii) the quantity of the items or of functionally-equivalent items purchased or acquired during the preceding fiscal year was at least $10,000.
(4) Administration 

(A) Office of Federal Procurement Policy 
The Office of Federal Procurement Policy, in cooperation with the Secretary, shall
(i) coordinate the implementation of this subsection with other policies for Federal procurement;
(ii) annually collect the information required to be reported under subparagraph (B) and make the information publicly available;
(iii) take a leading role in informing Federal agencies concerning, and promoting the adoption of and compliance with, procurement requirements for biobased products by Federal agencies; and
(iv) not less than once every 2 years, submit to Congress a report that
(I) describes the progress made in carrying out this subsection; and
(II) contains a summary of the information reported pursuant to subparagraph (B).
(B) Other agencies 
To assist the Office of Federal Procurement Policy in carrying out subparagraph (A)
(i) each procuring agency shall submit each year to the Office of Federal Procurement Policy, to the maximum extent practicable, information concerning
(I) actions taken to implement paragraph (2);
(II) the results of the annual review and monitoring program established under paragraph (2)(C)(iv);
(III) the number and dollar value of contracts entered into during the year that include the direct procurement of biobased products;
(IV) the number of service and construction (including renovations) contracts entered into during the year that include language on the use of biobased products; and
(V) the types and dollar value of biobased products actually used by contractors in carrying out service and construction (including renovations) contracts during the previous year; and
(ii) the General Services Administration and the Defense Logistics Agency shall submit each year to the Office of Federal Procurement Policy information concerning, to the maximum extent practicable, the types and dollar value of biobased products purchased by procuring agencies.
(C) Procurement subject to other law 
Any procurement by any Federal agency that is subject to regulations of the Administrator under section 6962 of title 42 shall not be subject to the requirements of this section to the extent that the requirements are inconsistent with the regulations.
(b) Labeling 

(1) In general 
The Secretary, in consultation with the Administrator, shall establish a voluntary program under which the Secretary authorizes producers of biobased products to use the label USDA Certified Biobased Product.
(2) Eligibility criteria 

(A) Criteria 

(i) In general Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 and except as provided in clause (ii), the Secretary, in consultation with the Administrator and representatives from small and large businesses, academia, other Federal agencies, and such other persons as the Secretary considers appropriate, shall issue criteria (as of the date of enactment of that Act) for determining which products may qualify to receive the label under paragraph (1).
(ii) Exception Clause (i) shall not apply to final criteria that have been issued (as of the date of enactment of that Act) by the Secretary.
(B) Requirements 
Criteria issued under subparagraph (A) shall
(i) encourage the purchase of products with the maximum biobased content;
(ii) provide that the Secretary may designate as biobased for the purposes of the voluntary program established under this subsection finished products that contain significant portions of biobased materials or components; and
(iii) to the maximum extent practicable, be consistent with the guidelines issued under subsection (a)(3).
(3) Use of label 
The Secretary shall ensure that the label referred to in paragraph (1) is used only on products that meet the criteria issued pursuant to paragraph (2).
(c) Recognition 
The Secretary shall
(1) establish a program to recognize Federal agencies and private entities that use a substantial amount of biobased products; and
(2) encourage Federal agencies to establish incentives programs to recognize Federal employees or contractors that make exceptional contributions to the expanded use of biobased products.
(d) Limitation 
Nothing in this section shall apply to the procurement of motor vehicle fuels, heating oil, or electricity.
(e) Inclusion 
Effective beginning on the date that is 90 days after the date of enactment of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008, the Architect of the Capitol, the Sergeant at Arms of the Senate, and the Chief Administrative Officer of the House of Representatives shall consider the biobased product designations made under this section in making procurement decisions for the Capitol Complex.
(f) National testing center registry 
The Secretary shall establish a national registry of testing centers for biobased products that will serve biobased product manufacturers.
(g) Reports 

(1) In general 
Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 and each year thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the implementation of this section.
(2) Contents 
The report shall include
(A) a comprehensive management plan that establishes tasks, milestones, and timelines, organizational roles and responsibilities, and funding allocations for fully implementing this section; and
(B) information on the status of implementation of
(i) item designations (including designation of intermediate ingredients and feedstocks); and
(ii) the voluntary labeling program established under subsection (b).
(h) Funding 

(1) Mandatory funding 
Of the funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation, the Secretary shall use to provide mandatory funding for biobased products testing and labeling as required to carry out this section
(A) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 2008; and
(B) $2,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2009 through 2012.
(2) Discretionary funding 
In addition to any other funds made available to carry out this section, there is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $2,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2009 through 2012.