7 USC 8101 - Definitions

Except as otherwise provided, in this chapter:
(1) Administrator 
The term Administrator means the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency.
(2) Advisory Committee 
The term Advisory Committee means the Biomass Research and Development Technical Advisory Committee established by section 8108 (d)(1) of this title.
(3) Advanced biofuel 

(A) In general 
The term advanced biofuel means fuel derived from renewable biomass other than corn kernel starch.

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(B) Inclusions 
Subject to subparagraph (A), the term advanced biofuel includes
(i) biofuel derived from cellulose, hemicellulose, or lignin;
(ii) biofuel derived from sugar and starch (other than ethanol derived from corn kernel starch);
(iii) biofuel derived from waste material, including crop residue, other vegetative waste material, animal waste, food waste, and yard waste;
(iv) diesel-equivalent fuel derived from renewable biomass, including vegetable oil and animal fat;
(v) biogas (including landfill gas and sewage waste treatment gas) produced through the conversion of organic matter from renewable biomass;
(vi) butanol or other alcohols produced through the conversion of organic matter from renewable biomass; and
(vii) other fuel derived from cellulosic biomass.
(4) Biobased product 
The term biobased product means a product determined by the Secretary to be a commercial or industrial product (other than food or feed) that is
(A) composed, in whole or in significant part, of biological products, including renewable domestic agricultural materials and forestry materials; or

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(B) an intermediate ingredient or feedstock.
(5) Biofuel 
The term biofuel means a fuel derived from renewable biomass.
(6) Biomass conversion facility 
The term biomass conversion facility means a facility that converts or proposes to convert renewable biomass into
(A) heat;
(B) power;
(C) biobased products; or
(D) advanced biofuels.
(7) Biorefinery 
The term biorefinery means a facility (including equipment and processes) that
(A) converts renewable biomass into biofuels and biobased products; and
(B) may produce electricity.
(8) Board 
The term Board means the Biomass Research and Development Board established by section 8108 (c) of this title.
(9) Indian tribe 
The term Indian tribe has the meaning given the term in section 450b of title 25.
(10) Institution of higher education 
The term institution of higher education has the meaning given the term in section 1002 (a) of title 20.
(11) Intermediate ingredient or feedstock 
The term intermediate ingredient or feedstock means a material or compound made in whole or in significant part from biological products, including renewable agricultural materials (including plant, animal, and marine materials) or forestry materials, that are subsequently used to make a more complex compound or product.
(12) Renewable biomass 
The term renewable biomass means
(A) materials, pre-commercial thinnings, or invasive species from National Forest System land and public lands (as defined in section 1702 of title 43) that
(i) are byproducts of preventive treatments that are removed
(I) to reduce hazardous fuels;
(II) to reduce or contain disease or insect infestation; or
(III) to restore ecosystem health;
(ii) would not otherwise be used for higher-value products; and
(iii) are harvested in accordance with
(I) applicable law and land management plans; and
(II) the requirements for
(aa) old-growth maintenance, restoration, and management direction of paragraphs (2), (3), and (4) of subsection (e) of section 6512 of title 16; and
(bb) large-tree retention of subsection (f) of that section; or
(B) any organic matter that is available on a renewable or recurring basis from non-Federal land or land belonging to an Indian or Indian tribe that is held in trust by the United States or subject to a restriction against alienation imposed by the United States, including
(i) renewable plant material, including
(I) feed grains;
(II) other agricultural commodities;
(III) other plants and trees; and
(IV) algae; and
(ii) waste material, including
(I) crop residue;
(II) other vegetative waste material (including wood waste and wood residues);
(III) animal waste and byproducts (including fats, oils, greases, and manure); and
(IV) food waste and yard waste.
(13) Renewable energy 
The term renewable energy means energy derived from
(A) a wind, solar, renewable biomass, ocean (including tidal, wave, current, and thermal), geothermal, or hydroelectric source; or
(B) hydrogen derived from renewable biomass or water using an energy source described in subparagraph (A).
(14) Secretary 
The term Secretary means the Secretary of Agriculture.