7 USC 7a1 - Derivatives clearing organizations

(a) Registration requirement 
It shall be unlawful for a derivatives clearing organization, unless registered with the Commission, directly or indirectly to make use of the mails or any means or instrumentality of interstate commerce to perform the functions of a derivatives clearing organization described in section 1a (9) of this title with respect to a contract of sale of a commodity for future delivery (or option on such a contract) or option on a commodity, in each case unless the contract or option
(1) is excluded from this chapter by section 2 (a)(1)(C)(i), 2 (c), 2 (d), 2 (f), or 2 (g) of this title or sections 27 to 27f of this title, or exempted under section 2 (h) or 6 (c) of this title; or
(2) is a security futures product cleared by a clearing agency registered under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 [15 U.S.C. 78a et seq.].
(b) Voluntary registration 
A derivatives clearing organization that clears agreements, contracts, or transactions excluded from this chapter by section 2 (c), 2 (d), 2 (f), or 2 (g) of this title or sections 27 to 27f of this title, or exempted under section 2 (h) or 6 (c) of this title, or other over-the-counter derivative instruments (as defined in the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Improvement Act of 1991) may register with the Commission as a derivatives clearing organization.

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(c) Registration of derivatives clearing organizations 

(1) Application 
A person desiring to register as a derivatives clearing organization shall submit to the Commission an application in such form and containing such information as the Commission may require for the purpose of making the determinations required for approval under paragraph (2).
(2) Core principles 

(A) In general 
To be registered and to maintain registration as a derivatives clearing organization, an applicant shall demonstrate to the Commission that the applicant complies with the core principles specified in this paragraph. The applicant shall have reasonable discretion in establishing the manner in which it complies with the core principles.
(B) Financial resources 
The applicant shall demonstrate that the applicant has adequate financial, operational, and managerial resources to discharge the responsibilities of a derivatives clearing organization.
(C) Participant and product eligibility 
The applicant shall establish
(i) appropriate admission and continuing eligibility standards (including appropriate minimum financial requirements) for members of and participants in the organization; and
(ii) appropriate standards for determining eligibility of agreements, contracts, or transactions submitted to the applicant.
(D) Risk management 
The applicant shall have the ability to manage the risks associated with discharging the responsibilities of a derivatives clearing organization through the use of appropriate tools and procedures.
(E) Settlement procedures 
The applicant shall have the ability to

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(i) complete settlements on a timely basis under varying circumstances;
(ii) maintain an adequate record of the flow of funds associated with each transaction that the applicant clears; and
(iii) comply with the terms and conditions of any permitted netting or offset arrangements with other clearing organizations.
(F) Treatment of funds 
The applicant shall have standards and procedures designed to protect and ensure the safety of member and participant funds.
(G) Default rules and procedures 
The applicant shall have rules and procedures designed to allow for efficient, fair, and safe management of events when members or participants become insolvent or otherwise default on their obligations to the derivatives clearing organization.
(H) Rule enforcement 
The applicant shall
(i) maintain adequate arrangements and resources for the effective monitoring and enforcement of compliance with rules of the applicant and for resolution of disputes; and
(ii) have the authority and ability to discipline, limit, suspend, or terminate a members or participants activities for violations of rules of the applicant.
(I) System safeguards 
The applicant shall demonstrate that the applicant
(i) has established and will maintain a program of oversight and risk analysis to ensure that the automated systems of the applicant function properly and have adequate capacity and security; and
(ii) has established and will maintain emergency procedures and a plan for disaster recovery, and will periodically test backup facilities sufficient to ensure daily processing, clearing, and settlement of transactions.
(J) Reporting 
The applicant shall provide to the Commission all information necessary for the Commission to conduct the oversight function of the applicant with respect to the activities of the derivatives clearing organization.
(K) Recordkeeping 
The applicant shall maintain records of all activities related to the business of the applicant as a derivatives clearing organization in a form and manner acceptable to the Commission for a period of 5 years.
(L) Public information 
The applicant shall make information concerning the rules and operating procedures governing the clearing and settlement systems (including default procedures) available to market participants.
(M) Information-sharing 
The applicant shall
(i) enter into and abide by the terms of all appropriate and applicable domestic and international information-sharing agreements; and
(ii) use relevant information obtained from the agreements in carrying out the clearing organizations risk management program.
(N) Antitrust considerations 
Unless appropriate to achieve the purposes of this chapter, the derivatives clearing organization shall avoid
(i) adopting any rule or taking any action that results in any unreasonable restraint of trade; or
(ii) imposing any material anticompetitive burden on trading on the contract market.
(3) Orders concerning competition 
A derivatives clearing organization may request the Commission to issue an order concerning whether a rule or practice of the applicant is the least anticompetitive means of achieving the objectives, purposes, and policies of this chapter.
(d) Existing derivatives clearing organizations 
A derivatives clearing organization shall be deemed to be registered under this section to the extent that the derivatives clearing organization clears agreements, contracts, or transactions for a board of trade that has been designated by the Commission as a contract market for such agreements, contracts, or transactions before December 21, 2000.
(e) Appointment of trustee 

(1) In general 
If a proceeding under section 7b of this title results in the suspension or revocation of the registration of a derivatives clearing organization, or if a derivatives clearing organization withdraws from registration, the Commission, on notice to the derivatives clearing organization, may apply to the appropriate United States district court where the derivatives clearing organization is located for the appointment of a trustee.
(2) Assumption of jurisdiction 
If the Commission applies for appointment of a trustee under paragraph (1)
(A) the court may take exclusive jurisdiction over the derivatives clearing organization and the records and assets of the derivatives clearing organization, wherever located; and
(B) if the court takes jurisdiction under subparagraph (A), the court shall appoint the Commission, or a person designated by the Commission, as trustee with power to take possession and continue to operate or terminate the operations of the derivatives clearing organization in an orderly manner for the protection of participants, subject to such terms and conditions as the court may prescribe.
(f) Linking of regulated clearing facilities 

(1) In general 
The Commission shall facilitate the linking or coordination of derivatives clearing organizations registered under this chapter with other regulated clearance facilities for the coordinated settlement of cleared transactions.
(2) Coordination 
In carrying out paragraph (1), the Commission shall coordinate with the Federal banking agencies and the Securities and Exchange Commission.