42 USC 1395w28 - Definitions; miscellaneous provisions

(a) Definitions relating to Medicare+Choice organizations 
In this part
(1) Medicare+Choice organization 
The term Medicare+Choice organization means a public or private entity that is certified under section 1395w–26 of this title as meeting the requirements and standards of this part for such an organization.
(2) Provider-sponsored organization 
The term provider-sponsored organization is defined in section 1395w–25 (d)(1) of this title.
(b) Definitions relating to Medicare+Choice plans 


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(1) Medicare+Choice plan 
The term Medicare+Choice plan means health benefits coverage offered under a policy, contract, or plan by a Medicare+Choice organization pursuant to and in accordance with a contract under section 1395w–27 of this title.
(2) Medicare+Choice private fee-for-service plan 
The term Medicare+Choice private fee-for-service plan means a Medicare+Choice plan that
(A) reimburses hospitals, physicians, and other providers at a rate determined by the plan on a fee-for-service basis without placing the provider at financial risk;
(B) does not vary such rates for such a provider based on utilization relating to such provider; and
(C) does not restrict the selection of providers among those who are lawfully authorized to provide the covered services and agree to accept the terms and conditions of payment established by the plan.
(3) MSA plan 

(A) In general 
The term MSA plan means a Medicare+Choice plan that
(i) provides reimbursement for at least the items and services described in section 1395w–22 (a)(1) of this title in a year but only after the enrollee incurs countable expenses (as specified under the plan) equal to the amount of an annual deductible (described in subparagraph (B));
(ii) counts as such expenses (for purposes of such deductible) at least all amounts that would have been payable under parts A and B of this subchapter, and that would have been payable by the enrollee as deductibles, coinsurance, or copayments, if the enrollee had elected to receive benefits through the provisions of such parts; and
(iii) provides, after such deductible is met for a year and for all subsequent expenses for items and services referred to in clause (i) in the year, for a level of reimbursement that is not less than

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(I) 100 percent of such expenses, or
(II) 100 percent of the amounts that would have been paid (without regard to any deductibles or coinsurance) under parts A and B of this subchapter with respect to such expenses,

whichever is less.

(B) Deductible 
The amount of annual deductible under an MSA plan
(i) for contract year 1999 shall be not more than $6,000; and
(ii) for a subsequent contract year shall be not more than the maximum amount of such deductible for the previous contract year under this subparagraph increased by the national per capita Medicare+Choice growth percentage under section 1395w–23 (c)(6) of this title for the year.

If the amount of the deductible under clause (ii) is not a multiple of $50, the amount shall be rounded to the nearest multiple of $50.

(4) MA regional plan 
The term MA regional plan means an MA plan described in section 1395w–21 (a)(2)(A)(i) of this title
(A) that has a network of providers that have agreed to a contractually specified reimbursement for covered benefits with the organization offering the plan;
(B) that provides for reimbursement for all covered benefits regardless of whether such benefits are provided within such network of providers; and
(C) the service area of which is one or more entire MA regions.
(5) MA local plan 
The term MA local plan means an MA plan that is not an MA regional plan.
(6) Specialized MA plans for special needs individuals 

(A) In general 
The term specialized MA plan for special needs individuals means an MA plan that exclusively serves special needs individuals (as defined in subparagraph (B)).
(B) Special needs individual 
The term special needs individual means an MA eligible individual who
(i) is institutionalized (as defined by the Secretary);
(ii) is entitled to medical assistance under a State plan under subchapter XIX of this chapter; or
(iii) meets such requirements as the Secretary may determine would benefit from enrollment in such a specialized MA plan described in subparagraph (A) for individuals with severe or disabling chronic conditions.

The Secretary may waive application of section 1395w–21 (a)(3)(B) of this title in the case of an individual described in clause (i), (ii), or (iii) of this subparagraph and may apply rules similar to the rules of section 1395eee (c)(4) of this title for continued eligibility of special needs individuals.

(c) Other references to other terms 

(1) Medicare+Choice eligible individual 
The term Medicare+Choice eligible individual is defined in section 1395w–21 (a)(3) of this title.
(2) Medicare+Choice payment area 
The term Medicare+Choice payment area is defined in section 1395w–23 (d) of this title.
(3) National per capita Medicare+Choice growth percentage 
The national per capita Medicare+Choice growth percentage is defined in section 1395w–23 (c)(6) of this title.
(4) Medicare+Choice monthly basic beneficiary premium; Medicare+Choice monthly supplemental beneficiary premium 
The terms Medicare+Choice monthly basic beneficiary premium and Medicare+Choice monthly supplemental beneficiary premium are defined in section 1395w–24 (a)(2) of this title.
(5) MA local area 
The term MA local area is defined in section 1395w–23 (d)(2) of this title.
(d) Coordinated acute and long-term care benefits under Medicare+Choice plan 
Nothing in this part shall be construed as preventing a State from coordinating benefits under a medicaid plan under subchapter XIX of this chapter with those provided under a Medicare+Choice plan in a manner that assures continuity of a full-range of acute care and long-term care services to poor elderly or disabled individuals eligible for benefits under this subchapter and under such plan.
(e) Restriction on enrollment for certain Medicare+Choice plans 

(1) In general 
In the case of a Medicare+Choice religious fraternal benefit society plan described in paragraph (2), notwithstanding any other provision of this part to the contrary and in accordance with regulations of the Secretary, the society offering the plan may restrict the enrollment of individuals under this part to individuals who are members of the church, convention, or group described in paragraph (3)(B) with which the society is affiliated.
(2) Medicare+Choice religious fraternal benefit society plan described 
For purposes of this subsection, a Medicare+Choice religious fraternal benefit society plan described in this paragraph is a Medicare+Choice plan described in section 1395w–21 (a)(2) of this title that
(A) is offered by a religious fraternal benefit society described in paragraph (3) only to members of the church, convention, or group described in paragraph (3)(B); and
(B) permits all such members to enroll under the plan without regard to health status-related factors.

Nothing in this subsection shall be construed as waiving any plan requirements relating to financial solvency.

(3) “Religious fraternal benefit society” defined 
For purposes of paragraph (2)(A), a religious fraternal benefit society described in this section is an organization that
(A) is described in section 501(c)(8) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and is exempt from taxation under section 501(a) of such Act;
(B) is affiliated with, carries out the tenets of, and shares a religious bond with, a church or convention or association of churches or an affiliated group of churches;
(C) offers, in addition to a Medicare+Choice religious fraternal benefit society plan, health coverage to individuals not entitled to benefits under this subchapter who are members of such church, convention, or group; and
(D) does not impose any limitation on membership in the society based on any health status-related factor.
(4) Payment adjustment 
Under regulations of the Secretary, in the case of individuals enrolled under this part under a Medicare+Choice religious fraternal benefit society plan described in paragraph (2), the Secretary shall provide for such adjustment to the payment amounts otherwise established under section 1395w–24 of this title as may be appropriate to assure an appropriate payment level, taking into account the actuarial characteristics and experience of such individuals.
(f) Restriction on enrollment for specialized MA plans for special needs individuals 
In the case of a specialized MA plan for special needs individuals (as defined in subsection (b)(6) of this section), notwithstanding any other provision of this part and in accordance with regulations of the Secretary and for periods before January 1, 2010, the plan may restrict the enrollment of individuals under the plan to individuals who are within one or more classes of special needs individuals.