7 USC 8107 - Rural Energy for America Program

(a) Establishment 
The Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Energy, shall establish a Rural Energy for America Program to promote energy efficiency and renewable energy development for agricultural producers and rural small businesses through
(1) grants for energy audits and renewable energy development assistance; and
(2) financial assistance for energy efficiency improvements and renewable energy systems.
(b) Energy audits and renewable energy development assistance 


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(1) In general 
The Secretary shall make competitive grants to eligible entities to provide assistance to agricultural producers and rural small businesses
(A) to become more energy efficient; and
(B) to use renewable energy technologies and resources.
(2) Eligible entities 
An eligible entity under this subsection is
(A) a unit of State, tribal, or local government;
(B) a land-grant college or university or other institution of higher education;
(C) a rural electric cooperative or public power entity; and
(D) any other similar entity, as determined by the Secretary.
(3) Selection criteria 
In reviewing applications of eligible entities to receive grants under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consider
(A) the ability and expertise of the eligible entity in providing professional energy audits and renewable energy assessments;

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(B) the geographic scope of the program proposed by the eligible entity in relation to the identified need;
(C) the number of agricultural producers and rural small businesses to be assisted by the program;
(D) the potential of the proposed program to produce energy savings and environmental benefits;
(E) the plan of the eligible entity for performing outreach and providing information and assistance to agricultural producers and rural small businesses on the benefits of energy efficiency and renewable energy development; and
(F) the ability of the eligible entity to leverage other sources of funding.
(4) Use of grant funds 
A recipient of a grant under paragraph (1) shall use the grant funds to assist agricultural producers and rural small businesses by
(A) conducting and promoting energy audits; and
(B) providing recommendations and information on how
(i) to improve the energy efficiency of the operations of the agricultural producers and rural small businesses; and
(ii) to use renewable energy technologies and resources in the operations.
(5) Limitation 
Grant recipients may not use more than 5 percent of a grant for administrative expenses.
(6) Cost sharing 
A recipient of a grant under paragraph (1) that conducts an energy audit for an agricultural producer or rural small business under paragraph (4) shall require that, as a condition of the energy audit, the agricultural producer or rural small business pay at least 25 percent of the cost of the energy audit, which shall be retained by the eligible entity for the cost of the energy audit.
(c) Financial assistance for energy efficiency improvements and renewable energy systems 

(1) In general 
In addition to any similar authority, the Secretary shall provide loan guarantees and grants to agricultural producers and rural small businesses
(A) to purchase renewable energy systems, including systems that may be used to produce and sell electricity; and
(B) to make energy efficiency improvements.
(2) Award considerations 
In determining the amount of a loan guarantee or grant provided under this section, the Secretary shall take into consideration, as applicable
(A) the type of renewable energy system to be purchased;
(B) the estimated quantity of energy to be generated by the renewable energy system;
(C) the expected environmental benefits of the renewable energy system;
(D) the quantity of energy savings expected to be derived from the activity, as demonstrated by an energy audit;
(E) the estimated period of time for the energy savings generated by the activity to equal the cost of the activity;
(F) the expected energy efficiency of the renewable energy system; and
(G) other appropriate factors.
(3) Feasibility studies 

(A) In general 
The Secretary may provide assistance in the form of grants to an agricultural producer or rural small business to conduct a feasibility study for a project for which assistance may be provided under this subsection.
(B) Limitation 
The Secretary shall use not more than 10 percent of the funds made available to carry out this subsection to provide assistance described in subparagraph (A).
(C) Avoidance of duplicative assistance 
An entity shall be ineligible to receive assistance to carry out a feasibility study for a project under this paragraph if the entity has received other Federal or State assistance for a feasibility study for the project.
(4) Limits 

(A) Grants 
The amount of a grant under this subsection shall not exceed 25 percent of the cost of the activity carried out using funds from the grant.
(B) Maximum amount of loan guarantees 
The amount of a loan guaranteed under this subsection shall not exceed $25,000,000.
(C) Maximum amount of combined grant and loan guarantee 
The combined amount of a grant and loan guaranteed under this subsection shall not exceed 75 percent of the cost of the activity funded under this subsection.
(d) Outreach 
The Secretary shall ensure, to the maximum extent practicable, that adequate outreach relating to this section is being conducted at the State and local levels.
(e) Lower-cost activities 

(1) Limitation on use of funds 
Except as provided in paragraph (2), the Secretary shall use not less than 20 percent of the funds made available under subsection (g) to provide grants of $20,000 or less.
(2) Exception 
Effective beginning on June 30 of each fiscal year, paragraph (1) shall not apply to funds made available under subsection (g) for the fiscal year.
(f) Report 
Not later than 4 years after the date of enactment of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the implementation of this section, including the outcomes achieved by projects funded under this section.
(g) Funding 

(1) Mandatory funding 
Of the funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation, the Secretary shall use to carry out this section, to remain available until expended
(A) $55,000,000 for fiscal year 2009;
(B) $60,000,000 for fiscal year 2010;
(C) $70,000,000 for fiscal year 2011; and
(D) $70,000,000 for fiscal year 2012.
(2) Audit and technical assistance funding 

(A) In general 
Subject to subparagraph (B), of the funds made available for each fiscal year under paragraph (1), 4 percent shall be available to carry out subsection (b).
(B) Other use 
Funds not obligated under subparagraph (A) by April 1 of each fiscal year to carry out subsection (b) shall become available to carry out subsection (c).
(3) Discretionary funding 
In addition to any other funds made available to carry out this section, there is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $25,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2009 through 2012.