7 USC 7702 - Definitions

In this chapter:
(1) Article 
The term article means any material or tangible object that could harbor plant pests or noxious weeds.
(2) Biological control organism 
The term biological control organism means any enemy, antagonist, or competitor used to control a plant pest or noxious weed.
(3) Enter and entry 
The terms enter and entry mean to move into, or the act of movement into, the commerce of the United States.
(4) Export and exportation 
The terms export and exportation mean to move from, or the act of movement from, the United States to any place outside the United States.

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(5) Import and importation 
The terms import and importation mean to move into, or the act of movement into, the territorial limits of the United States.
(6) Interstate 
The term interstate means
(A) from one State into or through any other State; or
(B) within the District of Columbia, Guam, the Virgin Islands of the United States, or any other territory or possession of the United States.
(7) Interstate commerce 
The term interstate commerce means trade, traffic, or other commerce
(A) between a place in a State and a point in another State, or between points within the same State but through any place outside that State; or
(B) within the District of Columbia, Guam, the Virgin Islands of the United States, or any other territory or possession of the United States.
(8) Means of conveyance 
The term means of conveyance means any personal property used for or intended for use for the movement of any other personal property.
(9) Move and related terms 
The terms move, moving, and movement mean
(A) to carry, enter, import, mail, ship, or transport;

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(B) to aid, abet, cause, or induce the carrying, entering, importing, mailing, shipping, or transporting;
(C) to offer to carry, enter, import, mail, ship, or transport;
(D) to receive to carry, enter, import, mail, ship, or transport;
(E) to release into the environment; or
(F) to allow any of the activities described in a preceding subparagraph.
(10) Noxious weed 
The term noxious weed means any plant or plant product that can directly or indirectly injure or cause damage to crops (including nursery stock or plant products), livestock, poultry, or other interests of agriculture, irrigation, navigation, the natural resources of the United States, the public health, or the environment.
(11) Permit 
The term permit means a written or oral authorization, including by electronic methods, by the Secretary to move plants, plant products, biological control organisms, plant pests, noxious weeds, or articles under conditions prescribed by the Secretary.
(12) Person 
The term person means any individual, partnership, corporation, association, joint venture, or other legal entity.
(13) Plant 
The term plant means any plant (including any plant part) for or capable of propagation, including a tree, a tissue culture, a plantlet culture, pollen, a shrub, a vine, a cutting, a graft, a scion, a bud, a bulb, a root, and a seed.
(14) Plant pest 
The term plant pest means any living stage of any of the following that can directly or indirectly injure, cause damage to, or cause disease in any plant or plant product:
(A) A protozoan.
(B) A nonhuman animal.
(C) A parasitic plant.
(D) A bacterium.
(E) A fungus.
(F) A virus or viroid.
(G) An infectious agent or other pathogen.
(H) Any article similar to or allied with any of the articles specified in the preceding subparagraphs.
(15) Plant product 
The term plant product means
(A) any flower, fruit, vegetable, root, bulb, seed, or other plant part that is not included in the definition of plant; or
(B) any manufactured or processed plant or plant part.
(16) Secretary 
The term Secretary means the Secretary of Agriculture.
(17) State 
The term State means any of the several States of the United States, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the District of Columbia, Guam, the Virgin Islands of the United States, or any other territory or possession of the United States.
(18) Systems approach 
For the purposes of section 7712 (e) of this title, the term systems approach means a defined set of phytosanitary procedures, at least two of which have an independent effect in mitigating pest risk associated with the movement of commodities.
(19) This chapter 
Except when used in this section, the term this chapter includes any regulation or order issued by the Secretary under the authority of this chapter.
(20) United States 
The term United States means all of the States.