5 USC 5505 - Monthly pay periods; computation of pay

The pay period for an individual in the service of the United States whose pay is monthly or annual covers one calendar month, and the following rules for division of time and computation of pay for services performed govern:
(1) A months pay is one-twelfth of a years pay.
(2) A days pay is one-thirtieth of a months pay.
(3) The 31st day of a calendar month is ignored in computing pay, except that one days pay is forfeited for one days unauthorized absence on the 31st day of a calendar month.
(4) For each day of the month elapsing before entering the service, one days pay is deducted from the first months pay of the individual.

This section does not apply to an employee whose pay is computed under section 5504 (b) of this title.