49 USC 31132 - Definitions

In this subchapter
(1) commercial motor vehicle means a self-propelled or towed vehicle used on the highways in interstate commerce to transport passengers or property, if the vehicle
(A) has a gross vehicle weight rating or gross vehicle weight of at least 10,001 pounds, whichever is greater;
(B) is designed or used to transport more than 8 passengers (including the driver) for compensation;
(C) is designed or used to transport more than 15 passengers, including the driver, and is not used to transport passengers for compensation; or

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(D) is used in transporting material found by the Secretary of Transportation to be hazardous under section 5103 of this title and transported in a quantity requiring placarding under regulations prescribed by the Secretary under section 5103.
(2) employee means an operator of a commercial motor vehicle (including an independent contractor when operating a commercial motor vehicle), a mechanic, a freight handler, or an individual not an employer, who
(A) directly affects commercial motor vehicle safety in the course of employment; and
(B) is not an employee of the United States Government, a State, or a political subdivision of a State acting in the course of the employment by the Government, a State, or a political subdivision of a State.
(3) employer
(A) means a person engaged in a business affecting interstate commerce that owns or leases a commercial motor vehicle in connection with that business, or assigns an employee to operate it; but
(B) does not include the Government, a State, or a political subdivision of a State.
(4) interstate commerce means trade, traffic, or transportation in the United States between a place in a State and
(A) a place outside that State (including a place outside the United States); or
(B) another place in the same State through another State or through a place outside the United States.

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(5) intrastate commerce means trade, traffic, or transportation in a State that is not interstate commerce.
(6) medical examiner means an individual licensed, certified, or registered in accordance with regulations issued by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration as a medical examiner.
(7) regulation includes a standard or order.
(8) State means a State of the United States, the District of Columbia, and, in sections 31136 and 31140–311421 of this title, a political subdivision of a State.
(9) State law includes a law enacted by a political subdivision of a State.
(10) State regulation includes a regulation prescribed by a political subdivision of a State.
(11) United States means the States of the United States and the District of Columbia.
[1] See References in Text note below.