25 USC 2511 - Definitions

In this chapter:
(1) Bureau 
The term Bureau means the Bureau of Indian Affairs of the Department of the Interior.
(2) Eligible Indian student 
The term eligible Indian student has the meaning given such term in section 2007 (f) of this title.
(3) Indian 
The term Indian means a member of an Indian tribe, and includes individuals who are eligible for membership in a tribe, and the child or grandchild of such an individual.
(4) Indian tribe 
The term Indian tribe means any Indian tribe, band, nation, or other organized group or community, including an Alaska Native Village Corporation or Regional Corporation (as defined in or established pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act [43 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.]), which is recognized as eligible for the special programs and services provided by the United States to Indians because of their status as Indians.

view counter
(5) Local educational agency 
The term local educational agency means a public board of education or other public authority legally constituted within a State for either administrative control or direction of, or to perform a service function for, public elementary schools or secondary schools in a city, county, township, school district, or other political subdivision of a State or such combination of school districts or counties as are recognized in a State as an administrative agency for the States public elementary schools or secondary schools. Such term includes any other public institution or agency having administrative control and direction of a public elementary school or secondary school.
(6) Secretary 
The term Secretary means the Secretary of the Interior.
(7) Tribal governing body 
The term tribal governing body means, with respect to any school that receives assistance under this Act,[1] the recognized governing body of the Indian tribe involved.
(8) Tribal organization 

(A) In general 
The term tribal organization means
(i) the recognized governing body of any Indian tribe; or
(ii) any legally established organization of Indians that
(I) is controlled, sanctioned, or chartered by such governing body or is democratically elected by the adult members of the Indian community to be served by such organization; and
(II) includes the maximum participation of Indians in all phases of the organizations activities.
(B) Authorization 
In any case in which a grant is provided under this chapter to an organization to provide services through a tribally controlled school benefiting more than one Indian tribe, the approval of the governing bodies of Indian tribes representing 80 percent of the students attending the tribally controlled school shall be considered a sufficient tribal authorization for such grant.

view counter
(9) Tribally controlled school 
The term tribally controlled school means a school that
(A) is operated by an Indian tribe or a tribal organization, enrolling students in kindergarten through grade 12, including a preschool;
(B) is not a local educational agency; and
(C) is not directly administered by the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
[1] See References in Text note below.