20 USC 1133 - Purpose

It is the purpose of this subchapter
(1) to authorize national graduate fellowship programs
(A) in order to attract students of superior ability and achievement, exceptional promise, and demonstrated financial need, into high-quality graduate programs and provide the students with the financial support necessary to complete advanced degrees; and
(B) that are designed to
(i) sustain and enhance the capacity for graduate education in areas of national need; and
(ii) encourage talented students to pursue scholarly careers in the humanities, social sciences, and the arts; and
(2) to promote postsecondary programs.