15 USC 5602 - Definitions

In this chapter, the following definitions apply:
(1) The term Administrator means the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
(2) The term cost of fulfilling user requests means the incremental costs associated with providing product generation, reproduction, and distribution of unenhanced data in response to user requests and shall not include any acquisition, amortization, or depreciation of capital assets originally paid for by the United States Government or other costs not specifically attributable to fulfilling user requests.
(3) The term data continuity means the continued acquisition and availability of unenhanced data which are, from the point of view of the user
(A) sufficiently consistent (in terms of acquisition geometry, coverage characteristics, and spectral characteristics) with previous Landsat data to allow comparisons for global and regional change detection and characterization; and

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(B) compatible with such data and with methods used to receive and process such data.
(4) The term data preprocessing may include
(A) rectification of system and sensor distortions in land remote sensing data as it is received directly from the satellite in preparation for delivery to a user;
(B) registration of such data with respect to features of the Earth; and
(C) calibration of spectral response with respect to such data, but does not include conclusions, manipulations, or calculations derived from such data, or a combination of such data with other data.
(5) The term land remote sensing means the collection of data which can be processed into imagery of surface features of the Earth from an unclassified satellite or satellites, other than an operational United States Government weather satellite.
(6) The term Landsat Program Management means the integrated program management structure
(A) established by, and responsible to, the Administrator and the Secretary of Defense pursuant to section 5611 (a) of this title; and
(B) consisting of appropriate officers and employees of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the Department of Defense, and any other United States Government agencies the President designates as responsible for the Landsat program.
(7) The term Landsat system means Landsats 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6, and any follow-on land remote sensing system operated and owned by the United States Government, along with any related ground equipment, systems, and facilities owned by the United States Government.

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(8) The term Landsat 6 contractor means the private sector entity which was awarded the contract for spacecraft construction, operations, and data marketing rights for the Landsat 6 spacecraft.
(9) The term Landsat 7 means the follow-on satellite to Landsat 6.
(10) The term National Satellite Land Remote Sensing Data Archive means the archive established by the Secretary of the Interior pursuant to the archival responsibilities defined in section 5652 of this title.
(11) The term noncommercial purposes refers to those activities undertaken by individuals or entities on the condition, upon receipt of unenhanced data, that
(A) such data shall not be used in connection with any bid for a commercial contract, development of a commercial product, or any other non-United States Government activity that is expected, or has the potential, to be profitmaking;
(B) the results of such activities are disclosed in a timely and complete fashion in the open technical literature or other method of public release, except when such disclosure by the United States Government or its contractors would adversely affect the national security or foreign policy of the United States or violate a provision of law or regulation; and
(C) such data shall not be distributed in competition with unenhanced data provided by the Landsat 6 contractor.
(12) The term Secretary means the Secretary of Commerce.
(13) The term unenhanced data means land remote sensing signals or imagery products that are unprocessed or subject only to data preprocessing.
(14) The term United States Government and its affiliated users means
(A) United States Government agencies;
(B) researchers involved with the United States Global Change Research Program and its international counterpart programs; and
(C) other researchers and international entities that have signed with the United States Government a cooperative agreement involving the use of Landsat data for noncommercial purposes.