12 USC 5001 - Findings; purposes

(a) Findings 
The Congress finds as follows:
(1) In the Expedited Funds Availability Act [12 U.S.C. 4001 et seq.], enacted on August 10, 1987, the Congress directed the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System to consider establishing regulations requiring Federal reserve banks and depository institutions to provide for check truncation, in order to improve the check processing system.
(2) In that same Act, the Congress
(A) provided the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System with full authority to regulate all aspects of the payment system, including the receipt, payment, collection, and clearing of checks, and related functions of the payment system pertaining to checks; and

view counter
(B) directed that the exercise of such authority by the Board superseded any State law, including the Uniform Commercial Code, as in effect in any State.
(3) Check truncation is no less desirable in 2003 for both financial service customers and the financial services industry, to reduce costs, improve efficiency in check collections, and expedite funds availability for customers than it was over 15 years ago when Congress first directed the Board to consider establishing such a process.
(b) Purposes 
The purposes of this chapter are as follows:
(1) To facilitate check truncation by authorizing substitute checks.
(2) To foster innovation in the check collection system without mandating receipt of checks in electronic form.
(3) To improve the overall efficiency of the Nations payments system.