12 USC 1715z4a - Double damages remedy for unauthorized use of multifamily housing project assets and income

(a) Action to recover assets or income 

(1) The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (referred to in this section as the Secretary) may request the Attorney General to bring an action in a United States district court to recover any assets or income used by any person in violation of
(A)  a regulatory agreement that applies to a multifamily project, nursing home, intermediate care facility, board and care home, assisted living facility, or hospital whose mortgage is or, at the time of the violations, was insured or held by the Secretary under title II of the National Housing Act [12 U.S.C. 1707 et seq.];
(B)  a regulatory agreement that applies to a multifamily project whose mortgage is or, at the time of the violations, was insured or held by the Secretary under section 1701q of this title (including property subject to section 1701q of this title as it existed before November 28, 1990);

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(C)  a regulatory agreement or such other form of regulatory control as may be imposed by the Secretary that applies to mortgages insured or held or, at the time of the violations, was[1] insured or held by the Secretary under section 1715z–22 of this title, but not reinsured under section 1715z–22 of this title; or
(D)  any applicable regulation. For purposes of this section, a use of assets or income in violation of the regulatory agreement, or such other form of regulatory control as may be imposed by the Secretary, or any applicable regulation shall include any use for which the documentation in the books and accounts does not establish that the use was made for a reasonable operating expense or necessary repair of the property and has not been maintained in accordance with the requirements of the Secretary and in reasonable condition for proper audit.
(2) For purposes of a mortgage insured or held by the Secretary under title II of the National Housing Act [12 U.S.C. 1707 et seq.], under section 1701q of this title (including section 1701q of this title as it existed before November 28, 1990) and under section 1715z–22 of this title, the term any person shall mean any person or entity that owns or operates a property, as identified in the regulatory agreement, including but not limited to
(A) any stockholder holding 25 percent or more interest of a corporation that owns that property;
(B) any beneficial owner of the property under any business or trust;
(C) any officer, director, or partner of an entity owning or controlling the property;
(D) any nursing home lessee or operator;
(E) any hospital lessee or operator;
(F) any other person or entity that controls the property regardless of that person or entitys official relationship to the property; and
(G) any heir, assignee, successor in interest, or agent of any person or entity described in the preceding subparagraphs.

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(b) Initiation of proceedings and temporary relief 
The Attorney General, upon request of the Secretary, shall have the exclusive authority to authorize the initiation of proceedings under this section. Pending final resolution of any action under this section, the court may grant appropriate temporary or preliminary relief, including restraining orders, injunctions, and acceptance of satisfactory performance bonds, to protect the interests of the Secretary and to prevent use of assets or income in violation of the regulatory agreement, or such other form of regulatory control as may be imposed by the Secretary, and any applicable regulation and to prevent loss of value of the realty and personalty involved.
(c) Amount recoverable 
In any judgment favorable to the United States entered under this section, the Attorney General may recover double the value of the assets and income of the property that the court determines to have been used in violation of the regulatory agreement, or such other form of regulatory control as may be imposed by the Secretary, or any applicable regulation, plus all costs relating to the action, including but not limited to reasonable attorney and auditing fees. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary may apply the recovery, or any portion of the recovery, to the property or to the applicable insurance fund under the National Housing Act [12 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.] or, in the case of any project for which the mortgage is held by the Secretary under section 1701q of this title (including property subject to section 1701q of this title as it existed before November 28, 1990), to the project or to the Department for use by the appropriate office within the Department for administrative costs related to enforcement of the requirements of the various programs administered by the Secretary, as appropriate.
(d) Time limitation 
Notwithstanding any other statute of limitations, the Secretary may request the Attorney General to bring an action under this section at any time up to and including 6 years after the latest date that the Secretary discovers any use of a propertys assets and income in violation of the regulatory agreement, or such other form of regulatory control as may be imposed by the Secretary, or any applicable regulation.
(e) Continued availability of other remedies 
The remedy provided by this section is in addition to any other remedies available to the Secretary or the United States.
[1] So in original.