10 USC 1097c - TRICARE program: relationship with employer-sponsored group health plans

(a) Prohibition on Financial Incentives Not to Enroll in a Group Health Plan.— 

(1) Except as provided in this subsection, the provisions of section 1862(b)(3)(C) of the Social Security Act shall apply with respect to financial or other incentives for a TRICARE-eligible employee not to enroll (or to terminate enrollment) under a health plan which would (in the case of such enrollment) be a primary plan under sections 1079 (j)(1) and 1086 (g) of this title in the same manner as such section 1862 (b)(3)(C) applies to financial or other incentives for an individual entitled to benefits under title XVIII of the Social Security Act not to enroll (or to terminate enrollment) under a group health plan or a large group health plan which would (in the case of enrollment) be a primary plan (as defined in section 1862(b)(2)(A) of such Act).
(2) 
(A) The Secretary of Defense may by regulation adopt such additional exceptions to the prohibition referenced and applied under paragraph (1) as the Secretary deems appropriate and such paragraph (1) shall be implemented taking into account the adoption of such exceptions.

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(B) The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Health and Human Services are authorized to enter into agreements for carrying out this subsection. Any such agreement shall provide that any expenses incurred by the Secretary of Health and Human Services pertaining to carrying out this subsection shall be reimbursed by the Secretary of Defense.
(C) Authorities of the Inspector General of the Department of Defense shall be available for oversight and investigations of responsibilities of employers and other entities under this subsection.
(D) Information obtained under section 1095 (k) of this title may be used in carrying out this subsection in the same manner as information obtained under section 1862(b)(5) of the Social Security Act may be used in carrying out section 1862(b) of such Act.
(E) Any amounts collected in carrying out paragraph (1) shall be handled in accordance with section 1079a of this title.
(b) Election of TRICARE-Eligible Employees to Participate in Group Health Plan.— 
A TRICARE-eligible employee shall have the opportunity to elect to participate in the group health plan offered by the employer of the employee and receive primary coverage for health care services under the plan in the same manner and to the same extent as similarly situated employees of such employer who are not TRICARE-eligible employees.
(c) Inapplicability to Certain Employers.— 
The provisions of this section do not apply to any employer who has fewer than 20 employees.
(d) Retention of Eligibility for Coverage Under TRICARE.— 
Nothing in this section, including an election made by a TRICARE-eligible employee under subsection (b), shall be construed to affect, modify, or terminate the eligibility of a TRICARE-eligible employee or spouse of such employee for health care or dental services under this chapter in accordance with the other provisions of this chapter.
(e) Outreach.— 
The Secretary of Defense shall, in coordination with the other administering Secretaries, conduct outreach to inform covered beneficiaries who are entitled to health care benefits under the TRICARE program of the rights and responsibilities of such beneficiaries and employers under this section.
(f) Definitions.— 
In this section:
(1) The term employer includes a State or unit of local government.

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(2) The term group health plan means a group health plan (as that term is defined in section 5000(b)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 without regard to section 5000(d) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986).
(3) The term TRICARE-eligible employee means a covered beneficiary under section 1086 of this title entitled to health care benefits under the TRICARE program.
(g) Effective Date.— 
This section shall take effect on January 1, 2008.