10 USC 1076a - TRICARE dental program

(a) Establishment of Dental Plans.— 
The Secretary of Defense may establish, and in the case of the dental plan described in paragraph (1) shall establish, the following voluntary enrollment dental plans:
(1) Plan for selected reserve and individual ready reserve.— 
A dental insurance plan for members of the Selected Reserve of the Ready Reserve and for members of the Individual Ready Reserve described in subsection 10144(b) of this title.
(2) Plan for other reserves.— 
A dental insurance plan for members of the Individual Ready Reserve not eligible to enroll in the plan established under paragraph (1).
(3) Plan for active duty dependents.— 
Dental benefits plans for eligible dependents of members of the uniformed services who are on active duty for a period of more than 30 days.

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(4) Plan for ready reserve dependents.— 
A dental benefits plan for eligible dependents of members of the Ready Reserve of the reserve components who are not on active duty for more than 30 days.
(b) Administration of Plans.— 
The plans established under this section shall be administered under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense in consultation with the other administering Secretaries.
(c) Care Available Under Plans.— 
Dental plans established under subsection (a) may provide for the following dental care:
(1) Diagnostic, oral examination, and preventive services and palliative emergency care.
(2) Basic restorative services of amalgam and composite restorations, stainless steel crowns for primary teeth, and dental appliance repairs.
(3) Orthodontic services, crowns, gold fillings, bridges, complete or partial dentures, and such other services as the Secretary of Defense considers to be appropriate.
(d) Premiums.— 

(1) Premium sharing plans.— 

(A) The dental insurance plan established under subsection (a)(1) and the dental benefits plans established under subsection (a)(3) are premium sharing plans.
(B) Members enrolled in a premium sharing plan for themselves or for their dependents shall be required to pay a share of the premium charged for the benefits provided under the plan. The members share of the premium charge may not exceed $20 per month for the enrollment.

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(C) Effective as of January 1 of each year, the amount of the premium required under subparagraph (A) shall be increased by the percent equal to the lesser of
(i) the percent by which the rates of basic pay of members of the uniformed services are increased on such date; or
(ii) the sum of one-half percent and the percent computed under section 5303 (a) of title 5 for the increase in rates of basic pay for statutory pay systems for pay periods beginning on or after such date.
(D) The Secretary of Defense may reduce the monthly premium required to be paid under paragraph (1) in the case of enlisted members in pay grade E1, E2, E3, or E4 if the Secretary determines that such a reduction is appropriate to assist such members to participate in a dental plan referred to in subparagraph (A).
(2) Full premium plans.— 

(A) The dental insurance plan established under subsection (a)(2) and the dental benefits plan established under subsection (a)(4) are full premium plans.
(B) Members enrolled in a full premium plan for themselves or for their dependents shall be required to pay the entire premium charged for the benefits provided under the plan.
(3) Payment procedures.— 
A members share of the premium for a plan established under subsection (a) may be paid by deductions from the basic pay of the member and from compensation paid under section 206 of title 37, as the case may be. The regulations prescribed under subsection (b) shall specify the procedures for payment of the premiums by enrollees who do not receive such pay.
(e) Copayments Under Premium Sharing Plans.— 

(1) Except as provided pursuant to paragraph (2), a member or dependent who receives dental care under a premium sharing plan referred to in subsection (d)(1) shall
(A) in the case of care described in subsection (c)(1), pay no charge for the care;
(B) in the case of care described in subsection (c)(2), pay 20 percent of the charges for the care; and
(C) in the case of care described in subsection (c)(3), pay a percentage of the charges for the care that is determined appropriate by the Secretary of Defense, after consultation with the other administering Secretaries.
(2) 
(A) During a national emergency declared by the President or Congress and subject to regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary may waive, in whole or in part, the charges otherwise payable by a member of the Selected Reserve of the Ready Reserve or a member of the Individual Ready Reserve under paragraph (1) for the coverage of the member alone under the dental insurance plan established under subsection (a)(1) if the Secretary determines that such waiver of the charges would facilitate or ensure the readiness of a unit or individual for deployment.
(B) The waiver under subparagraph (A) may apply only with respect to charges for coverage of dental care required for readiness.
(f) Transfer of Members.— 
If a member whose dependents are enrolled in the plan established under subsection (a)(3) is transferred to a duty station where dental care is provided to the members eligible dependents under a program other than that plan, the member may discontinue participation under the plan. If the member is later transferred to a duty station where dental care is not provided to such members eligible dependents except under the plan established under subsection (a)(3), the member may re-enroll the dependents in that plan.
(g) Care Outside the United States.— 
The Secretary of Defense may exercise the authority provided under subsection (a) to establish dental insurance plans and dental benefits plans for dental benefits provided outside the United States for the eligible members and dependents of members of the uniformed services. In the case of such an overseas dental plan, the Secretary may waive or reduce any copayments required by subsection (e) to the extent the Secretary determines appropriate for the effective and efficient operation of the plan.
(h) Waiver of Requirements for Surviving Dependents.— 
The Secretary of Defense may waive (in whole or in part) any requirements of a dental plan established under this section as the Secretary determines necessary for the effective administration of the plan for a dependent who is an eligible dependent described in subsection (k)(2).
(i) Authority Subject to Appropriations.— 
The authority of the Secretary of Defense to enter into a contract under this section for any fiscal year is subject to the availability of appropriations for that purpose.
(j) Limitation on Reduction of Benefits.— 
The Secretary of Defense may not reduce benefits provided under a plan established under this section until
(1) the Secretary provides notice of the Secretarys intent to reduce such benefits to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives; and
(2) one year has elapsed following the date of such notice.
(k) Eligible Dependent Defined.— 

(1) In this section, the term eligible dependent means a dependent described in subparagraph (A), (D), or (I) of section 1072 (2) of this title.
(2) Such term includes any such dependent of a member who dies while on active duty for a period of more than 30 days or a member of the Ready Reserve if, on the date of the death of the member, the dependent
(A) is enrolled in a dental benefits plan established under subsection (a); or
(B) if not enrolled in such a plan on such date
(i) is not enrolled by reason of a discontinuance of a former enrollment under subsection (f); or
(ii) is not qualified for such enrollment because
(I) the dependent is a child under the minimum age for such enrollment; or
(II) the dependent is a spouse who is a member of the armed forces on active duty for a period of more than 30 days.
(3) Such term does not include a dependent by reason of paragraph (2) after the end of the three-year period beginning on the date of the members death.