TITLE 50 - US CODE - SUBCHAPTER VIII - ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS

Part A - Contracts

50 USC 2781 - Costs not allowed under covered contracts

(a) In general 
The following costs are not allowable under a covered contract:
(1) Costs of entertainment, including amusement, diversion, and social activities and any costs directly associated with such costs (such as tickets to shows or sports events, meals, lodging, rentals, transportation, and gratuities).
(2) Costs incurred to influence (directly or indirectly) legislative action on any matter pending before Congress or a State legislature.
(3) Costs incurred in defense of any civil or criminal fraud proceeding or similar proceeding (including filing of any false certification) brought by the United States where the contractor is found liable or has pleaded nolo contendere to a charge of fraud or similar proceeding (including filing of false certification).

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(4) Payments of fines and penalties resulting from violations of, or failure to comply with, Federal, State, local, or foreign laws and regulations, except when incurred as a result of compliance with specific terms and conditions of the contract or specific written instructions from the contracting officer authorizing in advance such payments in accordance with applicable regulations of the Secretary of Energy.
(5) Costs of membership in any social, dining, or country club or organization.
(6) Costs of alcoholic beverages.
(7) Contributions or donations, regardless of the recipient.
(8) Costs of advertising designed to promote the contractor or its products.
(9) Costs of promotional items and memorabilia, including models, gifts, and souvenirs.
(10) Costs for travel by commercial aircraft or by travel by other than common carrier that is not necessary for the performance of the contract and the cost of which exceeds the amount of the standard commercial fare.
(b) Regulations; costs of information provided to Congress or State legislatures and related costs 

(1) Not later than 150 days after November 8, 1985, the Secretary of Energy shall prescribe regulations to implement this section. Such regulations may establish appropriate definitions, exclusions, limitations, and qualifications. Such regulations shall be published in accordance with section 418b of title 41.
(2) In any regulations implementing subsection (a)(2), the Secretary may not treat as not allowable (by reason of such subsection) the following costs of a contractor:

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(A) Costs of providing to Congress or a State legislature, in response to a request from Congress or a State legislature, information of a factual, technical, or scientific nature, or advice of experts, with respect to topics directly related to the performance of the contract.
(B) Costs for transportation, lodging, or meals incurred for the purpose of providing such information or advice.
(c) “Covered contract” defined 
In this section, covered contract means a contract for an amount more than $100,000 entered into by the Secretary of Energy obligating funds appropriated for national security programs of the Department of Energy.
(d) Effective date 
Subsection (a) shall apply with respect to costs incurred under a covered contract on or after 30 days after the regulations required by subsection (b) are issued.

50 USC 2782 - Prohibition and report on bonuses to contractors operating defense nuclear facilities

(a) Prohibition 
The Secretary of Energy may not provide any bonuses, award fees, or other form of performance- or production-based awards to a contractor operating a Department of Energy defense nuclear facility unless, in evaluating the performance or production under the contract, the Secretary considers the contractors compliance with all applicable environmental, safety, and health statutes, regulations, and practices for determining both the size of, and the contractors qualification for, such bonus, award fee, or other award. The prohibition in this subsection applies with respect to contracts entered into, or contract options exercised, after November 29, 1989.
(b) Report on Rocky Flats bonuses 
The Secretary of Energy shall investigate the payment, from 1981 to 1988, of production bonuses to Rockwell International, the contractor operating the Rocky Flats Plant (Golden, Colorado), for purposes of determining whether the payment of such bonuses was made under fraudulent circumstances. Not later than May 29, 1990, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report on the results of that investigation, including the Secretarys conclusions and recommendations.
(c) “Department of Energy defense nuclear facility” defined 
In this section, the term Department of Energy defense nuclear facility has the meaning given such term by section 2286g of title 42.
(d) Regulations 
The Secretary of Energy shall promulgate regulations to implement subsection (a) not later than March 1, 1990.

50 USC 2783 - Contractor liability for injury or loss of property arising out of atomic weapons testing programs

(a) Short title 
This section may be cited as the Atomic Testing Liability Act.
(b) Federal remedies applicable; exclusiveness of remedies 

(1) Remedy 
The remedy against the United States provided by sections 1346 (b) and 2672 of title 28, by the Act of March 9, 1920 (46 App. U.S.C. 741–752),[1] or by the Act of March 3, 1925 (46 App. U.S.C. 781–790),[1] as appropriate, for injury, loss of property, personal injury, or death shall apply to any civil action for injury, loss of property, personal injury, or death due to exposure to radiation based on acts or omissions by a contractor in carrying out an atomic weapons testing program under a contract with the United States.
(2) Exclusivity 
The remedies referred to in paragraph (1) shall be exclusive of any other civil action or proceeding for the purpose of determining civil liability arising from any act or omission of the contractor without regard to when the act or omission occurred. The employees of a contractor referred to in paragraph (1) shall be considered to be employees of the Federal Government, as provided in section 2671 of title 28, for the purposes of any such civil action or proceeding; and the civil action or proceeding shall proceed in the same manner as any action against the United States filed pursuant to section 1346(b) of such title and shall be subject to the limitations and exceptions applicable to those actions.
(c) Procedure 
A contractor against whom a civil action or proceeding described in subsection (b) is brought shall promptly deliver all processes served upon that contractor to the Attorney General of the United States. Upon certification by the Attorney General that the suit against the contractor is within the provisions of subsection (b), a civil action or proceeding commenced in a State court shall be removed without bond at any time before trial by the Attorney General to the district court of the United States for the district and division embracing the place wherein it is pending and the proceedings shall be deemed a tort action brought against the United States under the provisions of section 1346 (b), 2401 (b), or 2402, or sections 2671 through 2680 of title 28. For purposes of removal, the certification by the Attorney General under this subsection establishes contractor status conclusively.
(d) Actions covered 
The provisions of this section shall apply to any action, within the provisions of subsection (b), which is pending on November 5, 1990, or commenced on or after such date. Notwithstanding section 2401 (b) of title 28, if a civil action or proceeding to which this section applies is pending on November 5, 1990, and is dismissed because the plaintiff in such action or proceeding did not file an administrative claim as required by section 2672 of that title, the plaintiff in that action or proceeding shall have 30 days from the date of the dismissal or two years from the date upon which the claim accrued, whichever is later, to file an administrative claim, and any claim or subsequent civil action or proceeding shall thereafter be subject to the provisions of section 2401 (b) of title 28.
(e) “Contractor” defined 
For purposes of this section, the term contractor includes a contractor or cost reimbursement subcontractor of any tier participating in the conduct of the United States atomic weapons testing program for the Department of Energy (or its predecessor agencies, including the Manhattan Engineer District, the Atomic Energy Commission, and the Energy Research and Development Administration). Such term also includes facilities which conduct or have conducted research concerning health effects of ionizing radiation in connection with the testing under contract with the Department of Energy (or any of its predecessor agencies).
[1] See References in Text note below.

50 USC 2784 - Notice-and-wait requirement applicable to certain third-party financing arrangements

(a) Notice-and-wait requirement 
The Secretary of Energy may not enter into an arrangement described in subsection (b) until 30 days after the date on which the Secretary notifies the congressional defense committees in writing of the proposed arrangement.
(b) Covered arrangements 

(1) In general 
Except as provided in paragraph (2), an arrangement referred to in subsection (a) is any alternative financing arrangement, third-party financing arrangement, public-private partnership, privatization arrangement, private capital arrangement, or other financing arrangement that
(A) is entered into in connection with a project conducted using funds authorized to be appropriated to the Department of Energy to carry out programs necessary for national security; and
(B) involves a contractor or Federal agency obtaining and charging to the Department of Energy as an allowable cost under a contract the use of office space, facilities, or other real property assets with a value of at least $5,000,000.
(2) Exception 
An arrangement referred to in subsection (a) does not include an arrangement that
(A) involves the Department of Energy or a contractor acquiring or entering into a capital lease for office space, facilities, or other real property assets; or
(B) is entered into in connection with a capital improvement project undertaken as part of an energy savings performance contract under section 8287 of title 42.

Part B - Research and Development

50 USC 2791 - Laboratory-directed research and development programs

(a) Authority 
Government-owned, contractor-operated laboratories that are funded out of funds available to the Department of Energy for national security programs are authorized to carry out laboratory-directed research and development.
(b) Regulations 
The Secretary of Energy shall prescribe regulations for the conduct of laboratory-directed research and development at such laboratories.
(c) Funding 
Of the funds provided by the Department of Energy to such laboratories for national security activities, the Secretary shall provide a specific amount, not to exceed 6 percent of such funds, to be used by such laboratories for laboratory-directed research and development.
(d) “Laboratory-directed research and development” defined 
For purposes of this section, the term laboratory-directed research and development means research and development work of a creative and innovative nature which, under the regulations prescribed pursuant to subsection (b), is selected by the director of a laboratory for the purpose of maintaining the vitality of the laboratory in defense-related scientific disciplines.

50 USC 2791a - Laboratory-directed research and development

Of the funds made available by the Department of Energy for activities at government-owned, contractor-operator operated laboratories funded in this Act or subsequent Energy and Water Development Appropriations Acts, the Secretary may authorize a specific amount, not to exceed 8 percent of such funds, to be used by such laboratories for laboratory-directed research and development: Provided, That the Secretary may also authorize a specific amount not to exceed 4 percent of such funds, to be used by the plant manager of a covered nuclear weapons production plant or the manager of the Nevada Site Office for plant or site-directed research and development: Provided further, That notwithstanding Department of Energy order 413.2A, dated January 8, 2001, beginning in fiscal year 2006 and thereafter, all DOE laboratories may be eligible for laboratory directed research and development funding.

50 USC 2792 - Limitations on use of funds for laboratory directed research and development purposes

(a) General limitations 

(1) No funds authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made available to the Department of Energy in any fiscal year after fiscal year 1997 for weapons activities may be obligated or expended for activities under the Department of Energy Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program, or under any Department of Energy technology transfer program or cooperative research and development agreement, unless such activities support the national security mission of the Department of Energy.
(2) No funds authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made available to the Department of Energy in any fiscal year after fiscal year 1997 for environmental restoration, waste management, or nuclear materials and facilities stabilization may be obligated or expended for activities under the Department of Energy Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program, or under any Department of Energy technology transfer program or cooperative research and development agreement, unless such activities support the environmental restoration mission, waste management mission, or materials stabilization mission, as the case may be, of the Department of Energy.
(b) Limitation in fiscal year 1998 pending submittal of annual report 
Not more than 30 percent of the funds authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made available to the Department of Energy in fiscal year 1998 for laboratory directed research and development may be obligated or expended for such research and development until the Secretary of Energy submits to the congressional defense committees the report required by section 2793 (b) of this title in 1998.
(c) Omitted 
(d) Assessment of funding level for laboratory directed research and development 
The Secretary shall include in the report submitted under such section 2793 (b)(1) of this title in 1998 an assessment of the funding required to carry out laboratory directed research and development, including a recommendation for the percentage of the funds provided to Government-owned, contractor-operated laboratories for national security activities that should be made available for such research and development under section 2791 (c) of this title.
(e) “Laboratory directed research and development” defined 
In this section, the term laboratory directed research and development has the meaning given that term in section 2791 (d) of this title.

50 USC 2793 - Limitation on use of funds for certain research and development purposes

(a) Limitation 
No funds authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made available to the Department of Energy for fiscal year 1997 under section 3101 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1997 (Public Law 104201) may be obligated or expended for activities under the Department of Energy Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program, or under any Department of Energy technology transfer program or cooperative research and development agreement, unless such activities support the national security mission of the Department of Energy.
(b) Annual report 

(1) Not later than February 1 each year, the Secretary of Energy shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the funds expended during the preceding fiscal year on activities under the Department of Energy Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program. The purpose of the report is to permit an assessment of the extent to which such activities support the national security mission of the Department of Energy.
(2) Each report shall be prepared by the officials responsible for Federal oversight of the funds expended on activities under the program.
(3) Each report shall set forth the criteria utilized by the officials preparing the report in determining whether or not the activities reviewed by such officials support the national security mission of the Department.

50 USC 2794 - Critical technology partnerships

(a) Partnerships 
For the purpose of facilitating the transfer of technology, the Secretary of Energy shall ensure, to the maximum extent practicable, that atomic energy defense activities research on, and development of, any dual-use critical technology is conducted through cooperative research and development agreements, or other arrangements, that involve laboratories of the Department of Energy and other entities.
(b) Definitions 
In this section:
(1) The term dual-use critical technology means a technology
(A) that is critical to atomic energy defense activities, as determined by the Secretary of Energy;
(B) that has military applications and nonmilitary applications; and
(C) that either
(i) 
(I) appears on the list of national critical technologies contained in a biennial report on national critical technologies submitted to Congress by the President pursuant to section 6683 (d)1 of title 42; and
(II) has not been expressly deleted from such list by such a report subsequently submitted to Congress by the President; or
(ii) 
(I) appears on the list of critical technologies contained in an annual defense critical technologies plan submitted to Congress by the Secretary of Defense pursuant to section 25061 of title 10; and
(II) has not been expressly deleted from such list by such a plan subsequently submitted to Congress by the Secretary.
(2) The term cooperative research and development agreement has the meaning given that term by section 3710a (d) of title 15.
(3) The term other entities means
(A) firms, or a consortium of firms, that are eligible to participate in a partnership or other arrangement with a laboratory of the Department of Energy, as determined in accordance with applicable law and regulations; or
(B) firms, or a consortium of firms, described in subparagraph (A) in combination with one or more of the following:
(i) Institutions of higher education in the United States.
(ii) Departments and agencies of the Federal Government other than the Department of Energy.
(iii) Agencies of State Governments.
(iv) Any other persons or entities that may be eligible and appropriate, as determined in accordance with applicable laws and regulations.
(4) The term atomic energy defense activities does not include activities covered by Executive Order No. 12344, dated February 1, 1982, pertaining to the Naval nuclear propulsion program.
[1] See References in Text note below.

50 USC 2795 - University-based research collaboration program

(a) Findings 
Congress makes the following findings:
(1) The maintenance of scientific and engineering competence in the United States is vital to long-term national security and the defense and national security missions of the Department of Energy.
(2) Engaging the universities and colleges of the Nation in research on long-range problems of vital national security interest will be critical to solving the technology challenges faced within the defense and national security programs of the Department of Energy in the next century.
(3) Enhancing collaboration among the national laboratories, universities and colleges, and industry will contribute significantly to the performance of these Department of Energy missions.
(b) Program 
The Secretary of Energy shall establish a university program at a location that can develop the most effective collaboration among national laboratories, universities and colleges, and industry in support of scientific and engineering advancement in key Department of Energy defense and national security program areas.
(c) Funding 
Of the funds authorized to be appropriated in title XXXI of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1998 (Public Law 10585) to the Department of Energy for fiscal year 1998, the Secretary shall make $5,000,000 available for the establishment and operation of the program under subsection (b).

Part C - Facilities Management

50 USC 2811 - Transfers of real property at certain Department of Energy facilities

(a) Transfer regulations 

(1) The Secretary of Energy shall prescribe regulations for the transfer by sale or lease of real property at Department of Energy defense nuclear facilities for the purpose of permitting the economic development of the property.
(2) The Secretary of Energy may not transfer real property under the regulations prescribed under paragraph (1) until
(A) the Secretary submits a notification of the proposed transfer to the congressional defense committees; and
(B) a period of 30 days has elapsed following the date on which the notification is submitted.
(b) Indemnification 

(1) Except as provided in paragraph (3) and subject to subsection (c), in the sale or lease of real property pursuant to the regulations prescribed under subsection (a), the Secretary of Energy may hold harmless and indemnify a person or entity described in paragraph (2) against any claim for injury to person or property that results from the release or threatened release of a hazardous substance or pollutant or contaminant as a result of Department of Energy activities at the defense nuclear facility on which the real property is located. Before entering into any agreement for such a sale or lease, the Secretary shall notify the person or entity that the Secretary has authority to provide indemnification to the person or entity under this subsection. The Secretary shall include in any agreement for such a sale or lease a provision stating whether indemnification is or is not provided.
(2) Paragraph (1) applies to the following persons and entities:
(A) Any State that acquires ownership or control of real property of a defense nuclear facility.
(B) Any political subdivision of a State that acquires such ownership or control.
(C) Any other person or entity that acquires such ownership or control.
(D) Any successor, assignee, transferee, lender, or lessee of a person or entity described in subparagraphs (A) through (C).
(3) To the extent the persons and entities described in paragraph (2) contributed to any such release or threatened release, paragraph (1) shall not apply.
(c) Conditions 

(1) No indemnification on a claim for injury may be provided under this section unless the person or entity making a request for the indemnification
(A) notifies the Secretary of Energy in writing within two years after such claim accrues;
(B) furnishes to the Secretary copies of pertinent papers received by the person or entity;
(C) furnishes evidence or proof of the claim;
(D) provides, upon request by the Secretary, access to the records and personnel of the person or entity for purposes of defending or settling the claim; and
(E) begins action within six months after the date of mailing, by certified or registered mail, of notice of final denial of the claim by the Secretary.
(2) For purposes of paragraph (1)(A), the date on which a claim accrues is the date on which the person asserting the claim knew (or reasonably should have known) that the injury to person or property referred to in subsection (b)(1) was caused or contributed to by the release or threatened release of a hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant as a result of Department of Energy activities at the defense nuclear facility on which the real property is located.
(d) Authority of Secretary of Energy 

(1) In any case in which the Secretary of Energy determines that the Secretary may be required to indemnify a person or entity under this section for any claim for injury to person or property referred to in subsection (b)(1), the Secretary may settle or defend the claim on behalf of that person or entity.
(2) In any case described in paragraph (1), if the person or entity that the Secretary may be required to indemnify does not allow the Secretary to settle or defend the claim, the person or entity may not be indemnified with respect to that claim under this section.
(e) Relationship to other law 
Nothing in this section shall be construed as affecting or modifying in any way section 9620 (h) of title 42.
(f) Definitions 
In this section:
(1) The term defense nuclear facility has the meaning provided by the term Department of Energy defense nuclear facility in section 2286g of title 42.
(2) The terms hazardous substance, release, and pollutant or contaminant have the meanings provided by section 9601 of title 42.

50 USC 2812 - Engineering and manufacturing research, development, and demonstration by plant managers of certain nuclear weapons production plants

(a) Authority for programs at nuclear weapons productions facilities 
The Administrator for Nuclear Security shall authorize the head of each nuclear weapons production facility to establish an Engineering and Manufacturing Research, Development, and Demonstration Program under this section.
(b) Projects and activities 
The projects and activities carried out through the program at a nuclear weapons production facility under this section shall support innovative or high-risk design and manufacturing concepts and technologies with potentially high payoff for the nuclear weapons complex. Those projects and activities may include
(1) replacement of obsolete or aging design and manufacturing technologies;
(2) development of innovative agile manufacturing techniques and processes; and
(3) training, recruitment, or retention of essential personnel in critical engineering and manufacturing disciplines.
(c) Funding 
The Administrator may authorize the head of each nuclear weapons production facility to obligate up to $3,000,000 of funds within the Advanced Design and Production Technologies Campaign available for such facility during fiscal year 2001 to carry out projects and activities of the program under this section at that facility.
(d) Report 
The Administrator for Nuclear Security shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives, not later than September 15, 2001, a report describing, for each nuclear weapons production facility, each project or activity for which funds were obligated under the program, the criteria used in the selection of each such project or activity, the potential benefits of each such project or activity, and the Administrators recommendation concerning whether the program should be continued.
(e) Definition 
For purposes of this section, the term nuclear weapons production facility has the meaning given that term in section 2471 (2) of this title.

50 USC 2813 - Pilot program relating to use of proceeds of disposal or utilization of certain Department of Energy assets

(a) Purpose 
The purpose of this section is to encourage the Secretary of Energy to dispose of or otherwise utilize certain assets of the Department of Energy by making available to the Secretary the proceeds of such disposal or utilization for purposes of defraying the costs of such disposal or utilization.
(b) Use of proceeds to defray costs 

(1) Notwithstanding section 3302 of title 31, the Secretary may retain from the proceeds of the sale, lease, or disposal of an asset under subsection (c) an amount equal to the cost of the sale, lease, or disposal of the asset. The Secretary shall utilize amounts retained under this paragraph to defray the cost of the sale, lease, or disposal.
(2) For purposes of paragraph (1), the cost of a sale, lease, or disposal shall include
(A) the cost of administering the sale, lease, or disposal;
(B) the cost of recovering or preparing the asset concerned for the sale, lease, or disposal; and
(C) any other cost associated with the sale, lease, or disposal.
(c) Covered transactions 
Subsection (b) applies to the following transactions:
(1) The sale of heavy water at the Savannah River Site, South Carolina, that is under the jurisdiction of the Defense Environmental Management Program.
(2) The sale of precious metals that are under the jurisdiction of the Defense Environmental Management Program.
(3) The lease of buildings and other facilities located at the Hanford Reservation, Washington, that are under the jurisdiction of the Defense Environmental Management Program.
(4) The lease of buildings and other facilities located at the Savannah River Site that are under the jurisdiction of the Defense Environmental Management Program.
(5) The disposal of equipment and other personal property located at the Rocky Flats Defense Environmental Technology Site, Colorado, that is under the jurisdiction of the Defense Environmental Management Program.
(6) The disposal of materials at the National Electronics Recycling Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee that are under the jurisdiction of the Defense Environmental Management Program.
(d) Applicability of disposal authority 
Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit the application of subchapter II of chapter 5 and section 549 of title 40 to the disposal of equipment and other personal property covered by this section.
(e) Report 
Not later than January 31, 1999, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on amounts retained by the Secretary under subsection (b) during fiscal year 1998.

Part D - Other Matters

50 USC 2821 - Semiannual reports on local impact assistance

The Secretary of Energy shall submit to Congress every six months a report setting forth a description of, and the amount or value of, all local impact assistance provided during the preceding six months under section 2704 (c)(6) of this title.

50 USC 2822 - Payment of costs of operation and maintenance of infrastructure at Nevada Test Site

Notwithstanding any other provision of law and effective as of September 30, 1996, the costs associated with operating and maintaining the infrastructure at the Nevada Test Site, Nevada, with respect to any activities initiated at the site after that date by the Department of Defense pursuant to a work-for-others agreement may be paid for from funds authorized to be appropriated to the Department of Energy for activities at the Nevada Test Site.