TITLE 42 - US CODE - SUBCHAPTER III - ENERGY SAVINGS IN BUILDINGS AND INDUSTRY

Part A - Residential Building Efficiency

42 USC 17071 - Energy Code improvements applicable to manufactured housing

(a) Establishment of standards 

(1) In general 
Not later than 4 years after December 19, 2007, the Secretary shall by regulation establish standards for energy efficiency in manufactured housing.
(2) Notice, comment, and consultation 
Standards described in paragraph (1) shall be established after
(A) notice and an opportunity for comment by manufacturers of manufactured housing and other interested parties; and

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(B) consultation with the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, who may seek further counsel from the Manufactured Housing Consensus Committee.
(b) Requirements 

(1) International Energy Conservation Code 
The energy conservation standards established under this section shall be based on the most recent version of the International Energy Conservation Code (including supplements), except in cases in which the Secretary finds that the code[1] is not cost-effective, or a more stringent standard would be more cost-effective, based on the impact of the code[1] on the purchase price of manufactured housing and on total life-cycle construction and operating costs.
(2) Considerations 
The energy conservation standards established under this section may
(A) take into consideration the design and factory construction techniques of manufactured homes;
(B) be based on the climate zones established by the Department of Housing and Urban Development rather than the climate zones under the International Energy Conservation Code; and
(C) provide for alternative practices that result in net estimated energy consumption equal to or less than the specified standards.
(3) Updating 
The energy conservation standards established under this section shall be updated not later than
(A) 1 year after December 19, 2007; and
(B) 1 year after any revision to the International Energy Conservation Code.

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(c) Enforcement 
Any manufacturer of manufactured housing that violates a provision of the regulations under subsection (a) is liable to the United States for a civil penalty in an amount not exceeding 1 percent of the manufacturers retail list price of the manufactured housing.
[1] So in original. Probably should be “Code”.

Part B - High-Performance Commercial Buildings

42 USC 17081 - Commercial high-performance green buildings

(a) Director of Commercial High-Performance Green Buildings 
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary, acting through the Assistant Secretary of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, shall appoint a Director of Commercial High-Performance Green Buildings to a position in the career-reserved Senior Executive service, with the principal responsibility to
(1) establish and manage the Office of Commercial High-Performance Green Buildings; and
(2) carry out other duties as required under this part.
(b) Qualifications 
The Commercial Director shall be an individual, who by reason of professional background and experience, is specifically qualified to carry out the duties required under this part.
(c) Duties 
The Commercial Director shall, with respect to development of high-performance green buildings and zero-energy commercial buildings nationwide
(1) coordinate the activities of the Office of Commercial High-Performance Green Buildings with the activities of the Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings;
(2) develop the legal predicates and agreements for, negotiate, and establish one or more public-private partnerships with the Consortium, members of the Consortium, and other capable parties meeting the qualifications of the Consortium, to further such development;
(3) represent the public and the Department in negotiating and performing in accord with such public-private partnerships;
(4) use appropriated funds in an effective manner to encourage the maximum investment of private funds to achieve such development;
(5) promote research and development of high-performance green buildings, consistent with section 17083 of this title; and
(6) jointly establish with the Federal Director a national high-performance green building clearinghouse in accordance with section 17083 (1) of this title, which shall provide high-performance green building information and disseminate research results through
(A) outreach;
(B) education; and
(C) the provision of technical assistance.
(d) Reporting 
The Commercial Director shall report directly to the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, or to other senior officials in a way that facilitates the integrated program of this part for both energy efficiency and renewable energy and both technology development and technology deployment.
(e) Coordination 
The Commercial Director shall ensure full coordination of high-performance green building information and activities, including activities under this part, within the Federal Government by working with the General Services Administration and all relevant agencies, including, at a minimum
(1) the Environmental Protection Agency;
(2) the Office of the Federal Environmental Executive;
(3) the Office of Federal Procurement Policy;
(4) the Department of Energy, particularly the Federal Energy Management Program;
(5) the Department of Health and Human Services;
(6) the Department of Housing and Urban Development;
(7) the Department of Defense;
(8) the National Institute of Standards and Technology;
(9) the Department of Transportation;
(10) the Office of Science Technology and Policy; and
(11) such nonprofit high-performance green building rating and analysis entities as the Commercial Director determines can offer support, expertise, and review services.
(f) High-Performance Green Building Partnership Consortium 

(1) Recognition 
Not later than 90 days after December 19, 2007, the Commercial Director shall formally recognize one or more groups that qualify as a high-performance green building partnership consortium.
(2) Representation to qualify 
To qualify under this section, any consortium shall include representation from
(A) the design professions, including national associations of architects and of professional engineers;
(B) the development, construction, financial, and real estate industries;
(C) building owners and operators from the public and private sectors;
(D) academic and research organizations, including at least one national laboratory with extensive commercial building energy expertise;
(E) building code agencies and organizations, including a model energy code-setting organization;
(F) independent high-performance green building associations or councils;
(G) experts in indoor air quality and environmental factors;
(H) experts in intelligent buildings and integrated building information systems;
(I) utility energy efficiency programs;
(J) manufacturers and providers of equipment and techniques used in high-performance green buildings;
(K) public transportation industry experts; and
(L) nongovernmental energy efficiency organizations.
(3) Funding 
The Secretary may make payments to the Consortium pursuant to the terms of a public-private partnership for such activities of the Consortium undertaken under such a partnership as described in this part directly to the Consortium or through one or more of its members.
(g) Report 
Not later than 2 years after December 19, 2007, and biennially thereafter, the Commercial Director, in consultation with the Consortium, shall submit to Congress a report that
(1) describes the status of the high-performance green building initiatives under this part and other Federal programs affecting commercial high-performance green buildings in effect as of the date of the report, including
(A) the extent to which the programs are being carried out in accordance with this part; and
(B) the status of funding requests and appropriations for those programs; and
(2) summarizes and highlights development, at the State and local level, of high-performance green building initiatives, including executive orders, policies, or laws adopted promoting high-performance green building (including the status of implementation of those initiatives).

42 USC 17082 - Zero Net Energy Commercial Buildings Initiative

(a) Definitions 
In this section:
(1) Consortium 
The term consortium means a High-Performance Green Building Consortium selected by the Commercial Director.
(2) Initiative 
The term initiative means the Zero-Net-Energy Commercial Buildings Initiative established under subsection (b)(1).
(3) Zero-net-energy commercial building 
The term zero-net-energy commercial building means a high-performance commercial building that is designed, constructed, and operated
(A) to require a greatly reduced quantity of energy to operate;
(B) to meet the balance of energy needs from sources of energy that do not produce greenhouse gases;
(C) in a manner that will result in no net emissions of greenhouse gases; and
(D) to be economically viable.
(b) Establishment 

(1) In general 
The Commercial Director shall establish an initiative, to be known as the Zero-Net-Energy Commercial Buildings Initiative
(A) to reduce the quantity of energy consumed by commercial buildings located in the United States; and
(B) to achieve the development of zero net energy commercial buildings in the United States.
(2) Consortium 

(A) In general 
Not later than 180 days after December 19, 2007, the Commercial Director shall competitively select, and enter into an agreement with, a consortium to develop and carry out the initiative.
(B) Agreements 
In entering into an agreement with a consortium under subparagraph (A), the Commercial Director shall use the authority described in section 7256 (g) of this title, to the maximum extent practicable.
(c) Goal of initiative 
The goal of the initiative shall be to develop and disseminate technologies, practices, and policies for the development and establishment of zero net energy commercial buildings for
(1) any commercial building newly constructed in the United States by 2030;
(2) 50 percent of the commercial building stock of the United States by 2040; and
(3) all commercial buildings in the United States by 2050.
(d) Components 
In carrying out the initiative, the Commercial Director, in consultation with the consortium, may
(1) conduct research and development on building science, design, materials, components, equipment and controls, operation and other practices, integration, energy use measurement, and benchmarking;
(2) conduct pilot programs and demonstration projects to evaluate replicable approaches to achieving energy efficient commercial buildings for a variety of building types in a variety of climate zones;
(3) conduct deployment, dissemination, and technical assistance activities to encourage widespread adoption of technologies, practices, and policies to achieve energy efficient commercial buildings;
(4) conduct other research, development, demonstration, and deployment activities necessary to achieve each goal of the initiative, as determined by the Commercial Director, in consultation with the consortium;
(5) develop training materials and courses for building professionals and trades on achieving cost-effective high-performance energy efficient buildings;
(6) develop and disseminate public education materials to share information on the benefits and cost-effectiveness of high-performance energy efficient buildings;
(7) support code-setting organizations and State and local governments in developing minimum performance standards in building codes that recognize the ready availability of many technologies utilized in high-performance energy efficient buildings;
(8) develop strategies for overcoming the split incentives between builders and purchasers, and landlords and tenants, to ensure that energy efficiency and high-performance investments are made that are cost-effective on a lifecycle basis; and
(9) develop improved means of measurement and verification of energy savings and performance for public dissemination.
(e) Cost sharing 
In carrying out this section, the Commercial Director shall require cost sharing in accordance with section 16352 of this title.
(f) Authorization of appropriations 
There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section
(1) $20,000,000 for fiscal year 2008;
(2) $50,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2009 and 2010;
(3) $100,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2011 and 2012; and
(4) $200,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2013 through 2018.

42 USC 17083 - Public outreach

The Commercial Director and Federal Director, in coordination with the Consortium, shall carry out public outreach to inform individuals and entities of the information and services available governmentwide by
(1) establishing and maintaining a national high-performance green building clearinghouse, including on the Internet, that
(A) identifies existing similar efforts and coordinates activities of common interest; and
(B) provides information relating to high-performance green buildings, including hyperlinks to Internet sites that describe the activities, information, and resources of
(i) the Federal Government;
(ii) State and local governments;
(iii) the private sector (including nongovernmental and nonprofit entities and organizations); and
(iv) international organizations;
(2) identifying and recommending educational resources for implementing high-performance green building practices, including security and emergency benefits and practices;
(3) providing access to technical assistance, tools, and resources for constructing high-performance green buildings, particularly tools to conduct life-cycle costing and life-cycle assessment;
(4) providing information on application processes for certifying a high-performance green building, including certification and commissioning;
(5) providing to the public, through the Commercial Director, technical and research information or other forms of assistance or advice that would be useful in planning and constructing high-performance green buildings;
(6) using such additional methods as are determined by the Commercial Director to be appropriate to conduct public outreach;
(7) surveying existing research and studies relating to high-performance green buildings; and
(8) coordinating activities of common interest.

Part C - High-Performance Federal Buildings

42 USC 17091 - Leasing

(a) In general 
Except as provided in subsection (b), effective beginning on the date that is 3 years after December 19, 2007, no Federal agency shall enter into a contract to lease space in a building that has not earned the Energy Star label in the most recent year.
(b) Exception 

(1) Application 
This subsection applies if
(A) no space is available in a building described in subsection (a) that meets the functional requirements of an agency, including locational needs;
(B) the agency proposes to remain in a building that the agency has occupied previously;
(C) the agency proposes to lease a building of historical, architectural, or cultural significance (as defined in section 3306 (a)(4) of title 40) or space in such a building; or
(D) the lease is for not more than 10,000 gross square feet of space.
(2) Buildings without Energy Star label 
If one of the conditions described in paragraph (2)[1] is met, the agency may enter into a contract to lease space in a building that has not earned the Energy Star label in the most recent year if the lease contract includes provisions requiring that, prior to occupancy or, in the case of a contract described in paragraph (1)(B), not later than 1 year after signing the contract, the space will be renovated for all energy efficiency and conservation improvements that would be cost effective over the life of the lease, including improvements in lighting, windows, and heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems.
(c) Revision of Federal Acquisition Regulation 

(1) In general 
Not later than 3 years after December 19, 2007, the Federal Acquisition Regulation described in section 405 (a) of title 41 shall be revised to require Federal officers and employees to comply with this section in leasing buildings.
(2) Consultation 
The members of the Federal Acquisition Regulatory Council established under section 421 of title 41 shall consult with the Federal Director and the Commercial Director before promulgating regulations to carry out this subsection.
[1] So in original. Probably should be “(1)”.

42 USC 17092 - High-performance green Federal buildings

(a) Establishment of Office 
Not later than 60 days after December 19, 2007, the Administrator shall establish within the General Services Administration an Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings, and appoint an individual to serve as Federal Director in, a position in the career-reserved Senior Executive service, to
(1) establish and manage the Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings; and
(2) carry out other duties as required under this part.
(b) Compensation 
The compensation of the Federal Director shall not exceed the maximum rate of basic pay for the Senior Executive Service under section 5382 of title 5, including any applicable locality-based comparability payment that may be authorized under section 5304(h)(2)(C) of that title.
(c) Duties 
The Federal Director shall
(1) coordinate the activities of the Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings with the activities of the Office of Commercial High-Performance Green Buildings, and the Secretary, in accordance with section 6834 (a)(3)(D) of this title;
(2) ensure full coordination of high-performance green building information and activities within the General Services Administration and all relevant agencies, including, at a minimum
(A) the Environmental Protection Agency;
(B) the Office of the Federal Environmental Executive;
(C) the Office of Federal Procurement Policy;
(D) the Department of Energy;
(E) the Department of Health and Human Services;
(F) the Department of Defense;
(G) the Department of Transportation;
(H) the National Institute of Standards and Technology; and
(I) the Office of Science and Technology Policy;
(3) establish a senior-level Federal Green Building Advisory Committee under section 474,1 which shall provide advice and recommendations in accordance with that section and subsection (d);
(4) identify and every 5 years reassess improved or higher rating standards recommended by the Advisory Committee;
(5) ensure full coordination, dissemination of information regarding, and promotion of the results of research and development information relating to Federal high-performance green building initiatives;
(6) identify and develop Federal high-performance green building standards for all types of Federal facilities, consistent with the requirements of this part and section 6834 (a)(3)(D) of this title;
(7) establish green practices that can be used throughout the life of a Federal facility;
(8) review and analyze current Federal budget practices and life-cycle costing issues, and make recommendations to Congress, in accordance with subsection (d); and
(9) identify opportunities to demonstrate innovative and emerging green building technologies and concepts.
(d) Additional duties 
The Federal Director, in consultation with the Commercial Director and the Advisory Committee, and consistent with the requirements of section 6834 (a)(3)(D) of this title shall
(1) identify, review, and analyze current budget and contracting practices that affect achievement of high-performance green buildings, including the identification of barriers to high-performance green building life-cycle costing and budgetary issues;
(2) develop guidance and conduct training sessions with budget specialists and contracting personnel from Federal agencies and budget examiners to apply life-cycle cost criteria to actual projects;
(3) identify tools to aid life-cycle cost decisionmaking; and
(4) explore the feasibility of incorporating the benefits of high-performance green buildings, such as security benefits, into a cost-budget analysis to aid in life-cycle costing for budget and decisionmaking processes.
(e) Incentives 
Within 90 days after December 19, 2007, the Federal Director shall identify incentives to encourage the expedited use of high-performance green buildings and related technology in the operations of the Federal Government, in accordance with the requirements of section 6834 (a)(3)(D) of this title, including through
(1) the provision of recognition awards; and
(2) the maximum feasible retention of financial savings in the annual budgets of Federal agencies for use in reinvesting in future high-performance green building initiatives.
(f) Report 
Not later than 2 years after December 19, 2007, and biennially thereafter, the Federal Director, in consultation with the Secretary, shall submit to Congress a report that
(1) describes the status of compliance with this part, the requirements of section 6834 (a)(3)(D) of this title, and other Federal high-performance green building initiatives in effect as of the date of the report, including
(A) the extent to which the programs are being carried out in accordance with this part and the requirements of section 6834 (a)(3)(D) of this title; and
(B) the status of funding requests and appropriations for those programs;
(2) identifies within the planning, budgeting, and construction process all types of Federal facility procedures that may affect the certification of new and existing Federal facilities as high-performance green buildings under the provisions of section 6834 (a)(3)(D) of this title and the criteria established in subsection (h);
(3) identifies inconsistencies, as reported to the Advisory Committee, in Federal law with respect to product acquisition guidelines and high-performance product guidelines;
(4) recommends language for uniform standards for use by Federal agencies in environmentally responsible acquisition;
(5) in coordination with the Office of Management and Budget, reviews the budget process for capital programs with respect to alternatives for
(A) restructuring of budgets to require the use of complete energy and environmental cost accounting;
(B) using operations expenditures in budget-related decisions while simultaneously incorporating productivity and health measures (as those measures can be quantified by the Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings, with the assistance of universities and national laboratories);
(C) streamlining measures for permitting Federal agencies to retain all identified savings accrued as a result of the use of life-cycle costing for future high-performance green building initiatives; and
(D) identifying short-term and long-term cost savings that accrue from high-performance green buildings, including those relating to health and productivity;
(6) identifies green, self-sustaining technologies to address the operational needs of Federal facilities in times of national security emergencies, natural disasters, or other dire emergencies;
(7) summarizes and highlights development, at the State and local level, of high-performance green building initiatives, including executive orders, policies, or laws adopted promoting high-performance green building (including the status of implementation of those initiatives); and
(8) includes, for the 2-year period covered by the report, recommendations to address each of the matters, and a plan for implementation of each recommendation, described in paragraphs (1) through (7).
(g) Implementation 
The Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings shall carry out each plan for implementation of recommendations under subsection (f)(8).
(h) Identification of certification system 

(1) In general 
For the purpose of this section, not later than 60 days after December 19, 2007, the Federal Director shall identify and shall provide to the Secretary pursuant to section 6834 (a)(3)(D) of this title, a certification system that the Director determines to be the most likely to encourage a comprehensive and environmentally-sound approach to certification of green buildings.
(2) Basis 
The system identified under paragraph (1) shall be based on
(A) a study completed every 5 years and provided to the Secretary pursuant to section 6834 (a)(3)(D) of this title, which shall be carried out by the Federal Director to compare and evaluate standards;
(B) the ability and availability of assessors and auditors to independently verify the criteria and measurement of metrics at the scale necessary to implement this part;
(C) the ability of the applicable standard-setting organization to collect and reflect public comment;
(D) the ability of the standard to be developed and revised through a consensus-based process;
(E) an evaluation of the robustness of the criteria for a high-performance green building, which shall give credit for promoting
(i) efficient and sustainable use of water, energy, and other natural resources;
(ii) use of renewable energy sources;
(iii) improved indoor environmental quality through enhanced indoor air quality, thermal comfort, acoustics, day lighting, pollutant source control, and use of low-emission materials and building system controls;
(iv) reduced impacts from transportation through building location and site design that promote access by public transportation; and
(v) such other criteria as the Federal Director determines to be appropriate; and
(F) national recognition within the building industry.
[1] See References in Text note below.

42 USC 17093 - Federal green building performance

(a) In general 
Not later than October 31 of each of the 2 fiscal years following the fiscal year in which this Act is enacted, and at such times thereafter as the Comptroller General of the United States determines to be appropriate, the Comptroller General of the United States shall, with respect to the fiscal years that have passed since the preceding report
(1) conduct an audit of the implementation of this part, section 6834 (a)(3)(D) of this title, and section 17091 of this title; and
(2) submit to the Federal Director, the Advisory Committee, the Administrator, and Congress a report describing the results of the audit.
(b) Contents 
An audit under subsection (a) shall include a review, with respect to the period covered by the report under subsection (a)(2), of
(1) budget, life-cycle costing, and contracting issues, using best practices identified by the Comptroller General of the United States and heads of other agencies in accordance with section 17092 (d) of this title;
(2) the level of coordination among the Federal Director, the Office of Management and Budget, the Department of Energy, and relevant agencies;
(3) the performance of the Federal Director and other agencies in carrying out the implementation plan;
(4) the design stage of high-performance green building measures;
(5) high-performance building data that were collected and reported to the Office; and
(6) such other matters as the Comptroller General of the United States determines to be appropriate.
(c) Environmental Stewardship Scorecard 
The Federal Director shall consult with the Advisory Committee to enhance, and assist in the implementation of, the Office of Management and Budget government efficiency reports and scorecards under section 17144 of this title and the Environmental Stewardship Scorecard announced at the White House summit on Federal sustainable buildings in January 2006, to measure the implementation by each Federal agency of sustainable design and green building initiatives.

42 USC 17094 - Storm water runoff requirements for Federal development projects

The sponsor of any development or redevelopment project involving a Federal facility with a footprint that exceeds 5,000 square feet shall use site planning, design, construction, and maintenance strategies for the property to maintain or restore, to the maximum extent technically feasible, the predevelopment hydrology of the property with regard to the temperature, rate, volume, and duration of flow.

42 USC 17095 - Cost-effective technology acceleration program

(a) Definition of Administrator 
In this section, the term Administrator means the Administrator of General Services.
(b) Establishment 

(1) In general 
The Administrator shall establish a program to accelerate the use of more cost-effective technologies and practices at GSA facilities.
(2) Requirements 
The program established under this subsection shall
(A) ensure centralized responsibility for the coordination of cost reduction-related recommendations, practices, and activities of all relevant Federal agencies;
(B) provide technical assistance and operational guidance to applicable tenants to achieve the goal identified in subsection (c)(2)(B)(ii);
(C) establish methods to track the success of Federal departments and agencies with respect to that goal; and
(D) be fully coordinated with and no less stringent nor less energy-conserving or water-conserving than required by other provisions of this Act and other applicable law, including sections 321 through 324, 431 through 438, 461, 511 through 518, and 523 through 525 and amendments made by those sections.
(c) Accelerated use of technologies 

(1) Review 

(A) In general 
As part of the program under this section, not later than 90 days after December 19, 2007, the Administrator shall conduct a review of
(i) current use of cost-effective lighting technologies and geothermal heat pumps in GSA facilities; and
(ii) the availability to managers of GSA facilities of cost-effective lighting technologies and geothermal heat pumps.
(B) Requirements 
The review under subparagraph (A) shall
(i) examine the use of cost-effective lighting technologies, geothermal heat pumps, and other cost-effective technologies and practices by Federal agencies in GSA facilities; and
(ii) as prepared in consultation with the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, identify cost-effective lighting technology and geothermal heat pump technology standards that could be used for all types of GSA facilities.
(2) Replacement 

(A) In general 
As part of the program under this section, not later than 180 days after December 19, 2007, the Administrator shall establish, using available appropriations and programs implementing sections 432 and 5251 (and amendments made by those sections), a cost-effective lighting technology and geothermal heat pump technology acceleration program to achieve maximum feasible replacement of existing lighting, heating, cooling[2] technologies with cost-effective lighting technologies and geothermal heat pump technologies in each GSA facility. Such program shall fully comply with the requirements of sections 321 through 324, 431 through 438, 461, 511 through 518, and 523 through 5251 and amendments made by those sections and any other provisions of law, which shall be applicable to the extent that they are more stringent or would achieve greater energy savings than required by this section.
(B) Acceleration plan timetable 

(i) In general To implement the program established under subparagraph (A), not later than 1 year after December 19, 2007, the Administrator shall establish a timetable of actions to comply with the requirements of this section and sections 431 through 435, whichever achieves greater energy savings most expeditiously, including milestones for specific activities needed to replace existing lighting, heating, cooling[2] technologies with cost-effective lighting technologies and geothermal heat pump technologies, to the maximum extent feasible (including at the maximum rate feasible), at each GSA facility.
(ii) Goal The goal of the timetable under clause (i) shall be to complete, using available appropriations and programs implementing sections 431 through 4351 (and amendments made by those sections), maximum feasible replacement of existing lighting, heating, and cooling technologies with cost-effective lighting technologies and geothermal heat pump technologies consistent with the requirements of this section and sections 431 through 435,1 whichever achieves greater energy savings most expeditiously. Notwithstanding any provision of this section, such program shall fully comply with the requirements of the Act[3] including sections 321 through 324, 431 through 438, 461, 511 through 518, and 523 through 525 and amendments made by those sections and other provisions of law, which shall be applicable to the extent that they are more stringent or would achieve greater energy or water savings than required by this section.
(d) GSA facility technologies and practices 

(1) In general 
Not later than 180 days after December 19, 2007, and annually thereafter, the Administrator shall
(A) ensure that a manager responsible for implementing section 4321 and for accelerating the use of cost-effective technologies and practices is designated for each GSA facility; and
(B) submit to Congress a plan to comply with section 432,1 this section, and other applicable provisions of this Act and applicable law with respect to energy and water conservation at GSA facilities.
(2) Measures 
The plan shall implement measures required by such other provisions of law in accordance with those provisions, and shall implement the measures required by this section to the maximum extent feasible (including at the maximum rate feasible) using available appropriations and programs implementing sections 431 through 435 and 5251 (and amendments made by those sections), by not later than the date that is 5 years after December 19, 2007.
(3) Contents of plan 
The plan shall
(A) with respect to cost-effective technologies and practices
(i) identify the specific activities needed to comply with sections 431 through 435;[1]
(ii) identify the specific activities needed to achieve at least a 20-percent reduction in operational costs through the application of cost-effective technologies and practices from 2003 levels at GSA facilities by not later than 5 years after December 19, 2007;
(iii) describe activities required and carried out to estimate the funds necessary to achieve the reduction described in clauses (i) and (ii);
(B) include an estimate of the funds necessary to carry out this section;
(C) describe the status of the implementation of cost-effective technologies and practices at GSA facilities, including
(i) the extent to which programs, including the program established under subsection (b), are being carried out in accordance with this part; and
(ii) the status of funding requests and appropriations for those programs;
(D) identify within the planning, budgeting, and construction processes, all types of GSA facility-related procedures that inhibit new and existing GSA facilities from implementing cost-effective technologies;
(E) recommend language for uniform standards for use by Federal agencies in implementing cost-effective technologies and practices;
(F) in coordination with the Office of Management and Budget, review the budget process for capital programs with respect to alternatives for
(i) implementing measures that will assure that Federal agencies retain all identified savings accrued as a result of the use of cost-effective technologies, consistent with section 8253 (a)(1) of this title, and other applicable law; and
(ii) identifying short- and long-term cost savings that accrue from the use of cost-effective technologies and practices;
(G) with respect to cost-effective technologies and practices, achieve substantial operational cost savings through the application of the technologies; and
(H) include recommendations to address each of the matters, and a plan for implementation of each recommendation, described in subparagraphs (A) through (G).
(4) Administration 
Notwithstanding any provision of this section, the program required under this section shall fully comply with the requirements of sections 321 through 324, 431 through 438, 461, 511 through 518, and 523 through 5251 and amendments made by those sections, which shall be applicable to the extent that they are more stringent or would achieve greater energy or water savings than required by this section.
(e) Authorization of appropriations 
There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are necessary to carry out this section, to remain available until expended.
[1] See References in Text note below.
[2] So in original. Probably should be “and cooling”.
[3] So in original. Probably should be “this Act”.

42 USC 17096 - Authorization of appropriations

There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out sections 434 through 439 and 4821 $4,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2008 through 2012, to remain available until expended.
[1] See References in Text note below.

Part D - Industrial Energy Efficiency

42 USC 17111 - Energy-intensive industries program

(a) Definitions 
In this section:
(1) Eligible entity 
The term eligible entity means
(A) an energy-intensive industry;
(B) a national trade association representing an energy-intensive industry; or
(C) a person acting on behalf of 1 or more energy-intensive industries or sectors, as determined by the Secretary.
(2) Energy-intensive industry 
The term energy-intensive industry means an industry that uses significant quantities of energy as part of its primary economic activities, including
(A) information technology, including data centers containing electrical equipment used in processing, storing, and transmitting digital information;
(B) consumer product manufacturing;
(C) food processing;
(D) materials manufacturers, including
(i) aluminum;
(ii) chemicals;
(iii) forest and paper products;
(iv) metal casting;
(v) glass;
(vi) petroleum refining;
(vii) mining; and
(viii) steel;
(E) other energy-intensive industries, as determined by the Secretary.
(3) Feedstock 
The term feedstock means the raw material supplied for use in manufacturing, chemical, and biological processes.
(4) Partnership 
The term partnership means an energy efficiency partnership established under subsection (c)(1)(A).
(5) Program 
The term program means the energy-intensive industries program established under subsection (b).
(b) Establishment of program 
The Secretary shall establish a program under which the Secretary, in cooperation with energy-intensive industries and national industry trade associations representing the energy-intensive industries, shall support, research, develop, and promote the use of new materials processes, technologies, and techniques to optimize energy efficiency and the economic competitiveness of the United States industrial and commercial sectors.
(c) Partnerships 

(1) In general 
As part of the program, the Secretary shall establish energy efficiency partnerships between the Secretary and eligible entities to conduct research on, develop, and demonstrate new processes, technologies, and operating practices and techniques to significantly improve the energy efficiency of equipment and processes used by energy-intensive industries, including the conduct of activities to
(A) increase the energy efficiency of industrial processes and facilities;
(B) research, develop, and demonstrate advanced technologies capable of energy intensity reductions and increased environmental performance; and
(C) promote the use of the processes, technologies, and techniques described in subparagraphs (A) and (B).
(2) Eligible activities 
Partnership activities eligible for funding under this subsection include
(A) feedstock and recycling research, development, and demonstration activities to identify and promote
(i) opportunities for meeting industry feedstock requirements with more energy efficient and flexible sources of feedstock or energy supply;
(ii) strategies to develop and deploy technologies that improve the quality and quantity of feedstocks recovered from process and waste streams; and
(iii) other methods using recycling, reuse, and improved industrial materials;
(B) research to develop and demonstrate technologies and processes that utilize alternative energy sources to supply heat, power, and new feedstocks for energy-intensive industries;
(C) research to achieve energy efficiency in steam, power, control system, and process heat technologies, and in other manufacturing processes; and
(D) industrial and commercial energy efficiency and sustainability assessments to
(i) assist individual industrial and commercial sectors in developing tools, techniques, and methodologies to assess
(I) the unique processes and facilities of the sectors;
(II) the energy utilization requirements of the sectors; and
(III) the application of new, more energy efficient technologies; and
(ii) conduct energy savings assessments;
(E) the incorporation of technologies and innovations that would significantly improve the energy efficiency and utilization of energy-intensive commercial applications; and
(F) any other activities that the Secretary determines to be appropriate.
(3) Proposals 

(A) In general 
To be eligible for funding under this subsection, a partnership shall submit to the Secretary a proposal that describes the proposed research, development, or demonstration activity to be conducted by the partnership.
(B) Review 
After reviewing the scientific, technical, and commercial merit of a proposals[1] submitted under subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall approve or disapprove the proposal.
(C) Competitive awards 
The provision of funding under this subsection shall be on a competitive basis.
(4) Cost-sharing requirement 
In carrying out this section, the Secretary shall require cost sharing in accordance with section 16352 of this title.
(d) Grants 
The Secretary may award competitive grants for innovative technology research, development and demonstrations to universities, individual inventors, and small companies, based on energy savings potential, commercial viability, and technical merit.
(e) Institution of higher education-based industrial research and assessment centers 
The Secretary shall provide funding to institution of higher education-based industrial research and assessment centers, whose purpose shall be
(1) to identify opportunities for optimizing energy efficiency and environmental performance;
(2) to promote applications of emerging concepts and technologies in small- and medium-sized manufacturers;
(3) to promote research and development for the use of alternative energy sources to supply heat, power, and new feedstocks for energy-intensive industries;
(4) to coordinate with appropriate Federal and State research offices, and provide a clearinghouse for industrial process and energy efficiency technical assistance resources; and
(5) to coordinate with State-accredited technical training centers and community colleges, while ensuring appropriate services to all regions of the United States.
(f) Authorization of appropriations 

(1) In general 
There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary to carry out this section
(A) $184,000,000 for fiscal year 2008;
(B) $190,000,000 for fiscal year 2009;
(C) $196,000,000 for fiscal year 2010;
(D) $202,000,000 for fiscal year 2011;
(E) $208,000,000 for fiscal year 2012; and
(F) such sums as are necessary for fiscal year 2013 and each fiscal year thereafter.
(2) Partnership activities 
Of the amounts made available under paragraph (1), not less than 50 percent shall be used to pay the Federal share of partnership activities under subsection (c).
(3) Coordination and nonduplication 
The Secretary shall coordinate efforts under this section with other programs of the Department and other Federal agencies to avoid duplication of effort.
[1] So in original.

42 USC 17112 - Energy efficiency for data center buildings

(a) Definitions 
In this section:
(1) Data center 
The term data center means any facility that primarily contains electronic equipment used to process, store, and transmit digital information, which may be
(A) a free-standing structure; or
(B) a facility within a larger structure, that uses environmental control equipment to maintain the proper conditions for the operation of electronic equipment.
(2) Data center operator 
The term data center operator means any person or government entity that builds or operates a data center or purchases data center services, equipment, and facilities.
(b) Voluntary national information program 

(1) In general 
Not later than 90 days after December 19, 2007, the Secretary and the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency shall, after consulting with information technology industry and other interested parties, initiate a voluntary national information program for those types of data centers and data center equipment and facilities that are widely used and for which there is a potential for significant data center energy savings as a result of the program.
(2) Requirements 
The program described in paragraph (1) shall
(A) address data center efficiency holistically, reflecting the total energy consumption of data centers as whole systems, including both equipment and facilities;
(B) consider prior work and studies undertaken in this area, including by the Environmental Protection Agency and the Department of Energy;
(C) consistent with the objectives described in paragraph (1), determine the type of data center and data center equipment and facilities to be covered under the program;
(D) produce specifications, measurements, best practices, and benchmarks that will enable data center operators to make more informed decisions about the energy efficiency and costs of data centers, and that take into account
(i) the performance and use of servers, data storage devices, and other information technology equipment;
(ii) the efficiency of heating, ventilation, and air conditioning, cooling, and power conditioning systems, provided that no modification shall be required of a standard then in effect under the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 6201 et seq.) for any covered heating, ventilation, air-conditioning, cooling or power-conditioning product;
(iii) energy savings from the adoption of software and data management techniques; and
(iv) other factors determined by the organization described in subsection (c);
(E) allow for creation of separate specifications, measurements, and benchmarks based on data center size and function, as well as other appropriate characteristics;
(F) advance the design and implementation of efficiency technologies to the maximum extent economically practical;
(G) provide to data center operators in the private sector and the Federal Government information about best practices and purchasing decisions that reduce the energy consumption of data centers; and
(H) publish the information described in subparagraph (G), which may be disseminated through catalogs, trade publications, the Internet, or other mechanisms, that will allow data center operators to assess the energy consumption and potential cost savings of alternative data centers and data center equipment and facilities.
(3) Procedures 
The program described in paragraph (1) shall be developed in consultation with and coordinated by the organization described in subsection (c) according to commonly accepted procedures for the development of specifications, measurements, and benchmarks.
(c) Data center efficiency organization 

(1) In general 
After the establishment of the program described in subsection (b), the Secretary and the Administrator shall jointly designate an information technology industry organization to consult with and to coordinate the program.
(2) Requirements 
The organization designated under paragraph (1), whether preexisting or formed specifically for the purposes of subsection (b), shall
(A) consist of interested parties that have expertise in energy efficiency and in the development, operation, and functionality of computer data centers, information technology equipment, and software, as well as representatives of hardware manufacturers, data center operators, and facility managers;
(B) obtain and address input from Department of Energy National Laboratories or any college, university, research institution, industry association, company, or public interest group with applicable expertise in any of the areas listed in paragraph (1);
(C) follow commonly accepted procedures for the development of specifications and accredited standards development processes;
(D) have a mission to develop and promote energy efficiency for data centers and information technology; and
(E) have the primary responsibility to consult in the development and publishing of the information, measurements, and benchmarks described in subsection (b) and transmission of the information to the Secretary and the Administrator for consideration under subsection (d).
(d) Measurements and specifications 

(1) In general 
The Secretary and the Administrator shall consider the specifications, measurements, and benchmarks described in subsection (b) for use by the Federal Energy Management Program, the Energy Star Program, and other efficiency programs of the Department of Energy and Environmental Protection Agency, respectively.
(2) Rejections 
If the Secretary or the Administrator rejects 1 or more specifications, measurements, or benchmarks described in subsection (b), the rejection shall be made consistent with section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 note ; Public Law 104113).
(3) Determination of impracticability 
A determination that a specification, measurement, or benchmark described in subsection (b) is impractical may include consideration of the maximum efficiency that is technologically feasible and economically justified.
(e) Monitoring 
The Secretary and the Administrator shall
(1) monitor and evaluate the efforts to develop the program described in subsection (b); and
(2) not later than 3 years after December 19, 2007, make a determination as to whether the program is consistent with the objectives of subsection (b).
(f) Alternative system 
If the Secretary and the Administrator make a determination under subsection (e) that a voluntary national information program for data centers consistent with the objectives of subsection (b) has not been developed, the Secretary and the Administrator shall, after consultation with the National Institute of Standards and Technology and not later than 2 years after the determination, develop and implement the program under subsection (b).
(g) Protection of proprietary information 
The Secretary, the Administrator, or the data center efficiency organization shall not disclose any proprietary information or trade secrets provided by any individual or company for the purposes of carrying out this section or the program established under this section.

Part E - General Provisions

42 USC 17121 - Demonstration project

(a) In general 
The Federal Director and the Commercial Director shall establish guidelines to implement a demonstration project to contribute to the research goals of the Office of Commercial High-Performance Green Buildings and the Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings.
(b) Projects 
In accordance with guidelines established by the Federal Director and the Commercial Director under subsection (a) and the duties of the Federal Director and the Commercial Director described in this title,[1] the Federal Director or the Commercial Director shall carry out
(1) for each of fiscal years 2009 through 2014, 1 demonstration project per year of green features in a Federal building selected by the Federal Director in accordance with relevant agencies and described in subsection (c)(1), that
(A) provides for instrumentation, monitoring, and data collection related to the green features, for study of the impact of the features on overall energy use and operational costs, and for the evaluation of the information obtained through the conduct of projects and activities under this title;[1] and
(B) achieves the highest rating offered by the high performance green building system identified pursuant to section 17092 (h) of this title;
(2) no fewer than 4 demonstration projects at 4 universities, that, as competitively selected by the Commercial Director in accordance with subsection (c)(2), have
(A) appropriate research resources and relevant projects to meet the goals of the demonstration project established by the Office of Commercial High-Performance Green Buildings; and
(B) the ability
(i) to serve as a model for high-performance green building initiatives, including research and education[2] by achieving the highest rating offered by the high performance green building system identified pursuant to section 17092 (h) of this title;
(ii) to identify the most effective ways to use high-performance green building and landscape technologies to engage and educate undergraduate and graduate students;
(iii) to effectively implement a high-performance green building education program for students and occupants;
(iv) to demonstrate the effectiveness of various high-performance technologies, including their impacts on energy use and operational costs, in each of the 4 climatic regions of the United States described in subsection (c)(2)(B); and
(v) to explore quantifiable and nonquantifiable beneficial impacts on public health and employee and student performance;
(3) demonstration projects to evaluate replicable approaches of achieving high performance in actual building operation in various types of commercial buildings in various climates; and
(4) deployment activities to disseminate information on and encourage widespread adoption of technologies, practices, and policies to achieve zero-net-energy commercial buildings or low energy use and effective monitoring of energy use in commercial buildings.
(c) Criteria 

(1) Federal facilities 
With respect to the existing or proposed Federal facility at which a demonstration project under this section is conducted, the Federal facility shall
(A) be an appropriate model for a project relating to
(i) the effectiveness of high-performance technologies;
(ii) analysis of materials, components, systems, and emergency operations in the building, and the impact of those materials, components, and systems, including the impact on the health of building occupants;
(iii) life-cycle costing and life-cycle assessment of building materials and systems; and
(iv) location and design that promote access to the Federal facility through walking, biking, and mass transit; and
(B) possess sufficient technological and organizational adaptability.
(2) Universities 
With respect to the 4 universities at which a demonstration project under this section is conducted
(A) the universities should be selected, after careful review of all applications received containing the required information, as determined by the Commercial Director, based on
(i) successful and established public-private research and development partnerships;
(ii) demonstrated capabilities to construct or renovate buildings that meet high indoor environmental quality standards;
(iii) organizational flexibility;
(iv) technological adaptability;
(v) the demonstrated capacity of at least 1 university to replicate lessons learned among nearby or sister universities, preferably by participation in groups or consortia that promote sustainability;
(vi) the demonstrated capacity of at least 1 university to have officially-adopted, institution-wide high-performance green building guidelines for all campus building projects; and
(vii) the demonstrated capacity of at least 1 university to have been recognized by similar institutions as a national leader in sustainability education and curriculum for students of the university; and
(B) each university shall be located in a different climatic region of the United States, each of which regions shall have, as determined by the Office of Commercial High-Performance Green Buildings
(i) a hot, dry climate;
(ii) a hot, humid climate;
(iii) a cold climate; or
(iv) a temperate climate (including a climate with cold winters and humid summers).
(d) Applications 
To receive a grant under subsection (b), an eligible applicant shall submit to the Federal Director or the Commercial Director an application at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the Director may require, including a written assurance that all laborers and mechanics employed by contractors or subcontractors during construction, alteration, or repair that is financed, in whole or in part, by a grant under this section shall be paid wages at rates not less than those prevailing on similar construction in the locality, as determined by the Secretary of Labor in accordance with sections 3141 through 3144, 3146, and 3147 of title 40. The Secretary of Labor shall, with respect to the labor standards described in this subsection, have the authority and functions set forth in Reorganization Plan Numbered 14 of 1950 (5 U.S.C. App.) and section 3145 of title 40.
(e) Report 
Not later than 1 year after December 19, 2007, and annually thereafter through September 30, 2014
(1) the Federal Director and the Commercial Director shall submit to the Secretary a report that describes the status of the demonstration projects; and
(2) each University at which a demonstration project under this section is conducted shall submit to the Secretary a report that describes the status of the demonstration projects under this section.
(f) Authorization of appropriations 
There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out the demonstration project described in section[3] (b)(1), $10,000,000 for the period of fiscal years 2008 through 2012, and to carry out the demonstration project described in section[3] (b)(2), $10,000,000 for the period of fiscal years 2008 through 2012, to remain available until expended.
[1] See References in Text note below.
[2] So in original. A comma probably should appear.
[3] So in original. Probably should be “subsection”.

42 USC 17122 - Research and development

(a) Establishment 
The Federal Director and the Commercial Director, jointly and in coordination with the Advisory Committee, shall
(1) 
(A) survey existing research and studies relating to high-performance green buildings; and
(B) coordinate activities of common interest;
(2) develop and recommend a high-performance green building research plan that
(A) identifies information and research needs, including the relationships between human health, occupant productivity, safety, security, and accessibility and each of
(i) emissions from materials and products in the building;
(ii) natural day lighting;
(iii) ventilation choices and technologies;
(iv) heating, cooling, and system control choices and technologies;
(v) moisture control and mold;
(vi) maintenance, cleaning, and pest control activities;
(vii) acoustics;
(viii) access to public transportation; and
(ix) other issues relating to the health, comfort, productivity, and performance of occupants of the building;
(B) promotes the development and dissemination of high-performance green building measurement tools that, at a minimum, may be used
(i) to monitor and assess the life-cycle performance of facilities (including demonstration projects) built as high-performance green buildings; and
(ii) to perform life-cycle assessments; and
(C) identifies and tests new and emerging technologies for high-performance green buildings;
(3) assist the budget and life-cycle costing functions of the Directors Offices under section 17092 (d) of this title;
(4) study and identify potential benefits of green buildings relating to security, natural disaster, and emergency needs of the Federal Government; and
(5) support other research initiatives determined by the Directors Offices.
(b) Indoor air quality 
The Federal Director, in consultation with the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency and the Advisory Committee, shall develop and carry out a comprehensive indoor air quality program for all Federal facilities to ensure the safety of Federal workers and facility occupants
(1) during new construction and renovation of facilities; and
(2) in existing facilities.

42 USC 17123 - Green Building Advisory Committee

(a) Establishment 
Not later than 180 days after December 19, 2007, the Federal Director, in coordination with the Commercial Director, shall establish an advisory committee, to be known as the Green Building Advisory Committee.
(b) Membership 

(1) In general 
The Committee shall be composed of representatives of, at a minimum
(A) each agency referred to in section 17081 (e) of this title; and
(B) other relevant agencies and entities, as determined by the Federal Director, including at least 1 representative of each of
(i) State and local governmental green building programs;
(ii) independent green building associations or councils;
(iii) building experts, including architects, material suppliers, and construction contractors;
(iv) security advisors focusing on national security needs, natural disasters, and other dire emergency situations;
(v) public transportation industry experts; and
(vi) environmental health experts, including those with experience in childrens health.
(2) Non-Federal members 
The total number of non-Federal members on the Committee at any time shall not exceed 15.
(c) Meetings 
The Federal Director shall establish a regular schedule of meetings for the Committee.
(d) Duties 
The Committee shall provide advice and expertise for use by the Federal Director in carrying out the duties under this part, including such recommendations relating to Federal activities carried out under sections 434 through 4361 as are agreed to by a majority of the members of the Committee.
(e) FACA exemption 
The Committee shall not be subject to section 14 of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.).
[1] See References in Text note below.

42 USC 17124 - Advisory Committee on Energy Efficiency Finance

(a) Establishment 
The Secretary, acting through the Assistant Secretary of Energy for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, shall establish an Advisory Committee on Energy Efficiency Finance to provide advice and recommendations to the Department on energy efficiency finance and investment issues, options, ideas, and trends, and to assist the energy community in identifying practical ways of lowering costs and increasing investments in energy efficiency technologies.
(b) Membership 
The advisory committee established under this section shall have a balanced membership that shall include members with expertise in
(1) availability of seed capital;
(2) availability of venture capital;
(3) availability of other sources of private equity;
(4) investment banking with respect to corporate finance;
(5) investment banking with respect to mergers and acquisitions;
(6) equity capital markets;
(7) debt capital markets;
(8) research analysis;
(9) sales and trading;
(10) commercial lending; and
(11) residential lending.
(c) Termination 
The Advisory Committee on Energy Efficiency Finance shall terminate on the date that is 10 years after December 19, 2007.
(d) Authorization of appropriations 
There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are necessary to the Secretary for carrying out this section.

42 USC 17061 - Definitions

In this title:[1]
(1) Administrator 
The term Administrator means the Administrator of General Services.
(2) Advisory Committee 
The term Advisory Committee means the Green Building Advisory Committee established under section 484.[1]
(3) Commercial Director 
The term Commercial Director means the individual appointed to the position established under section 17081 of this title.
(4) Consortium 
The term Consortium means the High-Performance Green Building Partnership Consortium created in response to section 17092 (c)(1) of this title to represent the private sector in a public-private partnership to promote high-performance green buildings and zero-net-energy commercial buildings.
(5) Cost-effective lighting technology 

(A) In general 
The term cost-effective lighting technology means a lighting technology that
(i) will result in substantial operational cost savings by ensuring an installed consumption of not more than 1 watt per square foot; or
(ii) is contained in a list under
(I) section 8259b of this title;
(II) Federal acquisition regulation 23203; and
(III) is at least as energy-conserving as required by other provisions of this Act, including the requirements of this title[1] and title III[1] which shall be applicable to the extent that they would achieve greater energy savings than provided under clause (i) or this clause.[2]
(B) Inclusions 
The term cost-effective lighting technology includes
(i) lamps;
(ii) ballasts;
(iii) luminaires;
(iv) lighting controls;
(v) daylighting; and
(vi) early use of other highly cost-effective lighting technologies.
(6) Cost-effective technologies and practices 
The term cost-effective technologies and practices means a technology or practice that
(A) will result in substantial operational cost savings by reducing electricity or fossil fuel consumption, water, or other utility costs, including use of geothermal heat pumps;
(B) complies with the provisions of section 8259b of this title and Federal acquisition regulation 23203; and
(C) is at least as energy and water conserving as required under this title,[1] including sections 431 through 435, and title V,[1] including sections 511 through 525, which shall be applicable to the extent that they are more stringent or require greater energy or water savings than required by this section.
(7) Federal Director 
The term Federal Director means the individual appointed to the position established under section 17092 (a) of this title.
(8) Federal facility 
The term Federal facility means any building that is constructed, renovated, leased, or purchased in part or in whole for use by the Federal Government.
(9) Operational cost savings 

(A) In general 
The term operational cost savings means a reduction in end-use operational costs through the application of cost-effective technologies and practices or geothermal heat pumps, including a reduction in electricity consumption relative to consumption by the same customer or at the same facility in a given year, as defined in guidelines promulgated by the Administrator pursuant to section 7628 (b) of this title, that achieves cost savings sufficient to pay the incremental additional costs of using cost-effective technologies and practices including geothermal heat pumps by not later than the later of the date established under sections 431 through 434,1 or
(i) for cost-effective technologies and practices, the date that is 5 years after the date of installation; and
(ii) for geothermal heat pumps, as soon as practical after the date of installation of the applicable geothermal heat pump.
(B) Inclusions 
The term operational cost savings includes savings achieved at a facility as a result of
(i) the installation or use of cost-effective technologies and practices; or
(ii) the planting of vegetation that shades the facility and reduces the heating, cooling, or lighting needs of the facility.
(C) Exclusion 
The term operational cost savings does not include savings from measures that would likely be adopted in the absence of cost-effective technology and practices programs, as determined by the Administrator.
(10) Geothermal heat pump 
The term geothermal heat pump means any heating or air conditioning technology that
(A) uses the ground or ground water as a thermal energy source to heat, or as a thermal energy sink to cool, a building; and
(B) meets the requirements of the Energy Star program of the Environmental Protection Agency applicable to geothermal heat pumps on the date of purchase of the technology.
(11) GSA facility 

(A) In general 
The term GSA facility means any building, structure, or facility, in whole or in part (including the associated support systems of the building, structure, or facility) that
(i) is constructed (including facilities constructed for lease), renovated, or purchased, in whole or in part, by the Administrator for use by the Federal Government; or
(ii) is leased, in whole or in part, by the Administrator for use by the Federal Government
(I) except as provided in subclause (II), for a term of not less than 5 years; or
(II) for a term of less than 5 years, if the Administrator determines that use of cost-effective technologies and practices would result in the payback of expenses.
(B) Inclusion 
The term GSA facility includes any group of buildings, structures, or facilities described in subparagraph (A) (including the associated energy-consuming support systems of the buildings, structures, and facilities).
(C) Exemption 
The Administrator may exempt from the definition of GSA facility under this paragraph a building, structure, or facility that meets the requirements of section 8253 (c) of this title.
(12) High-performance building 
The term high-performance building means a building that integrates and optimizes on a life cycle basis all major high performance attributes, including energy conservation, environment, safety, security, durability, accessibility, cost-benefit, productivity, sustainability, functionality, and operational considerations.
(13) High-performance green building 
The term high-performance green building means a high-performance building that, during its life-cycle, as compared with similar buildings (as measured by Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey or Residential Energy Consumption Survey data from the Energy Information Agency)
(A) reduces energy, water, and material resource use;
(B) improves indoor environmental quality, including reducing indoor pollution, improving thermal comfort, and improving lighting and acoustic environments that affect occupant health and productivity;
(C) reduces negative impacts on the environment throughout the life-cycle of the building, including air and water pollution and waste generation;
(D) increases the use of environmentally preferable products, including biobased, recycled content, and nontoxic products with lower life-cycle impacts;
(E) increases reuse and recycling opportunities;
(F) integrates systems in the building;
(G) reduces the environmental and energy impacts of transportation through building location and site design that support a full range of transportation choices for users of the building; and
(H) considers indoor and outdoor effects of the building on human health and the environment, including
(i) improvements in worker productivity;
(ii) the life-cycle impacts of building materials and operations; and
(iii) other factors that the Federal Director or the Commercial Director consider to be appropriate.
(14) Life-cycle 
The term life-cycle, with respect to a high-performance green building, means all stages of the useful life of the building (including components, equipment, systems, and controls of the building) beginning at conception of a high-performance green building project and continuing through site selection, design, construction, landscaping, commissioning, operation, maintenance, renovation, deconstruction or demolition, removal, and recycling of the high-performance green building.
(15) Life-cycle assessment 
The term life-cycle assessment means a comprehensive system approach for measuring the environmental performance of a product or service over the life of the product or service, beginning at raw materials acquisition and continuing through manufacturing, transportation, installation, use, reuse, and end-of-life waste management.
(16) Life-cycle costing 
The term life-cycle costing, with respect to a high-performance green building, means a technique of economic evaluation that
(A) sums, over a given study period, the costs of initial investment (less resale value), replacements, operations (including energy use), and maintenance and repair of an investment decision; and
(B) is expressed
(i) in present value terms, in the case of a study period equivalent to the longest useful life of the building, determined by taking into consideration the typical life of such a building in the area in which the building is to be located; or
(ii) in annual value terms, in the case of any other study period.
(17) Office of Commercial High-Performance Green Buildings 
The term Office of Commercial High-Performance Green Buildings means the Office of Commercial High-Performance Green Buildings established under section 17081 (a) of this title.
(18) Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings 
The term Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings means the Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings established under section 17092 (a) of this title.
(19) Practices 
The term practices means design, financing, permitting, construction, commissioning, operation and maintenance, and other practices that contribute to achieving zero-net-energy buildings or facilities.
(20) Zero-net-energy commercial building 
The term zero-net-energy commercial building means a commercial building that is designed, constructed, and operated to
(A) require a greatly reduced quantity of energy to operate;
(B) meet the balance of energy needs from sources of energy that do not produce greenhouse gases;
(C) therefore result in no net emissions of greenhouse gases; and
(D) be economically viable.
[1] See References in Text note below.
[2] So in original. Does not fit with cl. (ii) introductory provision.