TITLE 42 - US CODE - CHAPTER 56 - ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY IMPROVEMENT

42 USC 4371 - Congressional findings, declarations, and purposes

(a) The Congress finds
(1) that man has caused changes in the environment;
(2) that many of these changes may affect the relationship between man and his environment; and
(3) that population increases and urban concentration contribute directly to pollution and the degradation of our environment.

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(b) 
(1) The Congress declares that there is a national policy for the environment which provides for the enhancement of environmental quality. This policy is evidenced by statutes heretofore enacted relating to the prevention, abatement, and control of environmental pollution, water and land resources, transportation, and economic and regional development.
(2) The primary responsibility for implementing this policy rests with State and local government.
(3) The Federal Government encourages and supports implementation of this policy through appropriate regional organizations established under existing law.
(c) The purposes of this chapter are
(1) to assure that each Federal department and agency conducting or supporting public works activities which affect the environment shall implement the policies established under existing law; and
(2) to authorize an Office of Environmental Quality, which, notwithstanding any other provision of law, shall provide the professional and administrative staff for the Council on Environmental Quality established by Public Law 91190.

42 USC 4372 - Office of Environmental Quality

(a) Establishment; Director; Deputy Director 
There is established in the Executive Office of the President an office to be known as the Office of Environmental Quality (hereafter in this chapter referred to as the Office). The Chairman of the Council on Environmental Quality established by Public Law 91190 shall be the Director of the Office. There shall be in the Office a Deputy Director who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.
(b) Compensation of Deputy Director 
The compensation of the Deputy Director shall be fixed by the President at a rate not in excess of the annual rate of compensation payable to the Deputy Director of the Office of Management and Budget.
(c) Employment of personnel, experts, and consultants; compensation 
The Director is authorized to employ such officers and employees (including experts and consultants) as may be necessary to enable the Office to carry out its functions under this chapter and Public Law 91190, except that he may employ no more than ten specialists and other experts without regard to the provisions of title 5, governing appointments in the competitive service, and pay such specialists and experts without regard to the provisions of chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of such title relating to classification and General Schedule pay rates, but no such specialist or expert shall be paid at a rate in excess of the maximum rate for GS18 of the General Schedule under section 5332 of title 5.
(d) Duties and functions of Director 
In carrying out his functions the Director shall assist and advise the President on policies and programs of the Federal Government affecting environmental quality by
(1) providing the professional and administrative staff and support for the Council on Environmental Quality established by Public Law 91190;
(2) assisting the Federal agencies and departments in appraising the effectiveness of existing and proposed facilities, programs, policies, and activities of the Federal Government, and those specific major projects designated by the President which do not require individual project authorization by Congress, which affect environmental quality;
(3) reviewing the adequacy of existing systems for monitoring and predicting environmental changes in order to achieve effective coverage and efficient use of research facilities and other resources;
(4) promoting the advancement of scientific knowledge of the effects of actions and technology on the environment and encourage[1] the development of the means to prevent or reduce adverse effects that endanger the health and well-being of man;
(5) assisting in coordinating among the Federal departments and agencies those programs and activities which affect, protect, and improve environmental quality;
(6) assisting the Federal departments and agencies in the development and interrelationship of environmental quality criteria and standards established through the Federal Government;
(7) collecting, collating, analyzing, and interpreting data and information on environmental quality, ecological research, and evaluation.
(e) Authority of Director to contract 
The Director is authorized to contract with public or private agencies, institutions, and organizations and with individuals without regard to section 3324 (a) and (b) of title 31 and section 5 of title 41 in carrying out his functions.
[1] So in original. Probably should be “encouraging”.

42 USC 4373 - Referral of Environmental Quality Reports to standing committees having jurisdiction

Each Environmental Quality Report required by Public Law 91190 shall, upon transmittal to Congress, be referred to each standing committee having jurisdiction over any part of the subject matter of the Report.

42 USC 4374 - Authorization of appropriations

There are hereby authorized to be appropriated for the operations of the Office of Environmental Quality and the Council on Environmental Quality not to exceed the following sums for the following fiscal years which sums are in addition to those contained in Public Law 91190:
(a) $2,126,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1979.
(b) $3,000,000 for each of the fiscal years ending September 30, 1980, and September 30, 1981.
(c) $44,000 for the fiscal years ending September 30, 1982, 1983, and 1984.
(d) $480,000 for each of the fiscal years ending September 30, 1985 and September 30, 1986.

42 USC 4375 - Office of Environmental Quality Management Fund

(a) Establishment; financing of study contracts and Federal interagency environmental projects 
There is established an Office of Environmental Quality Management Fund (hereinafter referred to as the Fund) to receive advance payments from other agencies or accounts that may be used solely to finance
(1) study contracts that are jointly sponsored by the Office and one or more other Federal agencies; and
(2) Federal interagency environmental projects (including task forces) in which the Office participates.
(b) Study contract or project initiative 
Any study contract or project that is to be financed under subsection (a) of this section may be initiated only with the approval of the Director.
(c) Regulations 
The Director shall promulgate regulations setting forth policies and procedures for operation of the Fund.