TITLE 38 - US CODE - SUBCHAPTER VIII - HEALTH CARE OF PERSONS OTHER THAN VETERANS

38 USC 1781 - Medical care for survivors and dependents of certain veterans

(a) The Secretary is authorized to provide medical care, in accordance with the provisions of subsection (b) of this section, for
(1) the spouse or child of a veteran who has a total disability, permanent in nature, resulting from a service-connected disability,
(2) the surviving spouse or child of a veteran who
(A)  died as a result of a service-connected disability, or

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(B)  at the time of death had a total disability permanent in nature, resulting from a service-connected disability, and
(3) the surviving spouse or child of a person who died in the active military, naval, or air service in the line of duty and not due to such persons own misconduct,

who are not otherwise eligible for medical care under chapter 55 of title 10 (CHAMPUS).

(b) In order to accomplish the purposes of subsection (a) of this section, the Secretary shall provide for medical care in the same or similar manner and subject to the same or similar limitations as medical care is furnished to certain dependents and survivors of active duty and retired members of the Armed Forces under chapter 55 of title 10 (CHAMPUS), by
(1) entering into an agreement with the Secretary of Defense under which that Secretary shall include coverage for such medical care under the contract, or contracts, that Secretary enters into to carry out such chapter 55, and under which the Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall fully reimburse the Secretary of Defense for all costs and expenditures made for the purposes of affording the medical care authorized pursuant to this section; or
(2) contracting in accordance with such regulations as the Secretary shall prescribe for such insurance, medical service, or health plans as the Secretary deems appropriate.

In cases in which Department medical facilities are equipped to provide the care and treatment, the Secretary is also authorized to carry out such purposes through the use of such facilities not being utilized for the care of eligible veterans. A dependent or survivor receiving care under the preceding sentence shall be eligible for the same medical services as a veteran, including services under sections 1782 and 1783 of this title.

(c) For the purposes of this section, a child between the ages of eighteen and twenty-three (1) who is eligible for benefits under subsection (a) of this section, (2) who is pursuing a full-time course of instruction at an educational institution approved under chapter 36 of this title, and (3) who, while pursuing such course of instruction, incurs a disabling illness or injury (including a disabling illness or injury incurred between terms, semesters, or quarters or during a vacation or holiday period) which is not the result of such childs own willful misconduct and which results in such childs inability to continue or resume such childs chosen program of education at an approved educational institution shall remain eligible for benefits under this section until the end of the six-month period beginning on the date the disability is removed, the end of the two-year period beginning on the date of the onset of the disability, or the twenty-third birthday of the child, whichever occurs first.
(d) 
(1) 
(A) An individual otherwise eligible for medical care under this section who is also entitled to hospital insurance benefits under part A of the medicare program is eligible for medical care under this section only if the individual is also enrolled in the supplementary medical insurance program under part B of the medicare program.
(B) The limitation in subparagraph (A) does not apply to an individual who

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(i) has attained 65 years of age as of June 5, 2001; and
(ii) is not enrolled in the supplementary medical insurance program under part B of the medicare program as of that date.
(2) Subject to paragraph (3), if an individual described in paragraph (1) receives medical care for which payment may be made under both this section and the medicare program, the amount payable for such medical care under this section shall be the amount by which
(A)  the costs for such medical care exceed
(B)  the sum of
(i) the amount payable for such medical care under the medicare program; and
(ii) the total amount paid or payable for such medical care by third party payers other than the medicare program.
(3) The amount payable under this subsection for medical care may not exceed the total amount that would be paid under subsection (b) if payment for such medical care were made solely under subsection (b).
(4) In this subsection:
(A) The term medicare program means the program of health insurance administered by the Secretary of Health and Human Services under title XVIII of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395 et seq.).
(B) The term third party has the meaning given that term in section 1729 (i)(3) of this title.

38 USC 1782 - Counseling, training, and mental health services for immediate family members

(a) Counseling for Family Members of Veterans Receiving Service-Connected Treatment.— 
In the case of a veteran who is receiving treatment for a service-connected disability pursuant to paragraph (1) or (2) of section 1710 (a) of this title, the Secretary shall provide to individuals described in subsection (c) such consultation, professional counseling, training, and mental health services as are necessary in connection with that treatment.
(b) Counseling for Family Members of Veterans Receiving Non-Service-Connected Treatment.— 
In the case of a veteran who is eligible to receive treatment for a non-service-connected disability under the conditions described in paragraph (1), (2), or (3) of section 1710 (a) of this title, the Secretary may, in the discretion of the Secretary, provide to individuals described in subsection (c) such consultation, professional counseling, training, and mental health services as are necessary in connection with that treatment if
(1) those services were initiated during the veterans hospitalization; and
(2) the continued provision of those services on an outpatient basis is essential to permit the discharge of the veteran from the hospital.
(c) Eligible Individuals.— 
Individuals who may be provided services under this subsection are
(1) the members of the immediate family or the legal guardian of a veteran; or
(2) the individual in whose household such veteran certifies an intention to live.
(d) Travel and Transportation Authorized.— 
Services provided under subsections (a) and (b) may include, under the terms and conditions set forth in section 111 of this title, travel and incidental expenses of individuals described in subsection (c) in the case of any of the following:
(1) A veteran who is receiving care for a service-connected disability.
(2) A dependent or survivor receiving care under the last sentence of section 1783 (b) of this title.

38 USC 1783 - Bereavement counseling

(a) Deaths of Veterans.— 
In the case of an individual who was a recipient of services under section 1782 of this title at the time of the death of the veteran, the Secretary may provide bereavement counseling to that individual in the case of a death
(1) that was unexpected; or
(2) that occurred while the veteran was participating in a hospice program (or a similar program) conducted by the Secretary.
(b) Deaths In Active Service.— 

(1) The Secretary may provide bereavement counseling to an individual who is a member of the immediate family of a member of the Armed Forces who dies in the active military, naval, or air service in the line of duty and under circumstances not due to the persons own misconduct.
(2) For purposes of this subsection, the members of the immediate family of a member of the Armed Forces described in paragraph (1) include the parents of such member.
(c) Provision of Counseling Through Vet Centers.— 
Bereavement counseling may be provided under this section through the facilities and personnel of centers for the provision of readjustment counseling and related mental health services under section 1712A of this title.
(d) Bereavement Counseling Defined.— 
For purposes of this section, the term bereavement counseling means such counseling services, for a limited period, as the Secretary determines to be reasonable and necessary to assist an individual with the emotional and psychological stress accompanying the death of another individual.

38 USC 1784 - Humanitarian care

The Secretary may furnish hospital care or medical services as a humanitarian service in emergency cases, but the Secretary shall charge for such care and services at rates prescribed by the Secretary.

38 USC 1785 - Care and services during certain disasters and emergencies

(a) Authority To Provide Hospital Care and Medical Services.— 
During and immediately following a disaster or emergency referred to in subsection (b), the Secretary may furnish hospital care and medical services to individuals responding to, involved in, or otherwise affected by that disaster or emergency.
(b) Covered Disasters and Emergencies.— 
A disaster or emergency referred to in this subsection is any disaster or emergency as follows:
(1) A major disaster or emergency declared by the President under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5121 et seq.).
(2) A disaster or emergency in which the National Disaster Medical System established pursuant to section 2811(b) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 300hh–11 (b))1 is activated by the Secretary of Health and Human Services under paragraph (3)(A) of that section or as otherwise authorized by law.
(c) Applicability to Eligible Individuals Who Are Veterans.— 
The Secretary may furnish care and services under this section to an individual described in subsection (a) who is a veteran without regard to whether that individual is enrolled in the system of patient enrollment under section 1705 of this title.
(d) Reimbursement From Other Federal Departments and Agencies.— 

(1) The cost of any care or services furnished under this section to an officer or employee of a department or agency of the United States other than the Department or to a member of the Armed Forces shall be reimbursed at such rates as may be agreed upon by the Secretary and the head of such department or agency or the Secretary concerned, in the case of a member of the Armed Forces, based on the cost of the care or service furnished.
(2) Amounts received by the Department under this subsection shall be credited to the Medical Care Collections Fund under section 1729A of this title.
(e) Report to Congressional Committees.— 
Within 60 days of the commencement of a disaster or emergency referred to in subsection (b) in which the Secretary furnishes care and services under this section (or as soon thereafter as is practicable), the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Veterans Affairs of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the Secretarys allocation of facilities and personnel in order to furnish such care and services.
(f) Regulations.— 
The Secretary shall prescribe regulations governing the exercise of the authority of the Secretary under this section.
[1] See References in Text note below.