TITLE 37 - US CODE - CHAPTER 5 - SPECIAL AND INCENTIVE PAYS

37 USC 301 - Incentive pay: hazardous duty

(a) Subject to regulations prescribed by the President, a member of a uniformed service who is entitled to basic pay is also entitled to incentive pay, in the amount set forth in subsection (b) or (c), for the performance of hazardous duty required by orders. In this subsection, the term hazardous duty means duty
(1) involving frequent and regular participation in aerial flight as a crew member, as determined by the Secretary concerned, except for a member who is entitled to incentive pay under section 301a of this title;
(2) involving frequent and regular participation in aerial flight, not as a crew member under paragraph (1);
(3) involving parachute jumping as an essential part of military duty;

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(4) involving the demolition of explosives as a primary duty, including training for that duty;
(5) inside a high- or low-pressure chamber;
(6) as a human acceleration or deceleration experimental subject;
(7) as a human test subject in thermal stress experiments;
(8) involving frequent and regular participation in flight operations on the flight deck of an aircraft carrier or of a ship other than an aircraft carrier from which aircraft are launched;
(9) involving frequent and regular exposure to highly toxic pesticides or involving laboratory work that utilizes live dangerous viruses or bacteria;
(10) involving
(A)  the servicing of aircraft or missiles with highly toxic fuels or propellants,
(B)  the testing of aircraft or missile systems (or components of such systems) during which highly toxic fuels or propellants are used, or
(C)  the handling of chemical munitions (or components of such munitions);

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(11) involving regular participation as a member of a team conducting visit, board, search, and seizure operations aboard vessels in support of maritime interdiction operations;
(12) involving use of ski-equipped aircraft on the ground in Antarctica or on the Arctic ice-pack; or
(13) involving frequent and regular participation in aerial flight by a member who is serving as an air weapons controller crew member (as defined by the Secretary concerned) aboard an airborne warning and control system aircraft (as designated by such Secretary) and who is not entitled to incentive pay under section 301a of this title.
(b) For the performance of hazardous duty described in paragraph (1) of subsection (a), a member is entitled to monthly incentive pay as follows: Pay Grade Monthly Rate O10 $150 O9 150 O8 150 O7 150 O6 250 O5 250 O4 225 O3 175 O2 150 O1 150 W5 250 W4 250 W3 175 W2 150 W1 150 E9 240 E8 240 E7 240 E6 215 E5 190 E4 165 E3 150 E2 150 E1 150
(c) 
(1) For the performance of hazardous duty described in paragraphs (2) through (12) of subsection (a), a member is entitled to $150 a month. However, a member performing hazardous duty described in paragraph (3) of that subsection who also performs as an essential part of such duty parachute jumping in military free fall operations involving parachute deployment by the jumper without the use of a static line is entitled to $225 a month.
(2) 
(A) For the performance of hazardous duty described in paragraph (13) of subsection (a), a member is entitled to monthly incentive pay based upon his years of service as an air weapons controller as follows:
(B) For purposes of this paragraph, the years of service of a member as an air weapons controller shall be computed, under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, from the date the member begins training leading to a designation as an air weapons controller, but there shall be excluded from such computation any period of more than 90 days during which the member performs primary duties other than as an air weapons controller.
(d) 
(1) In time of war, the President may suspend the payment of incentive pay for any hazardous duty described in subsection (a).
(2) A member is entitled to not more than two payments of incentive pay, authorized by this section, for a period of time during which he qualifies for more than one payment of that pay.
(e) A member of a uniformed service who is entitled to basic pay may be paid incentive pay under this subsection, at a monthly rate not to exceed $150, for any month during which the member performs duty involving regular participation as a firefighting crew member, as determined by the Secretary concerned.
(f) 
(1) Under regulations prescribed by the President and to the extent provided for by appropriations, when a member of a reserve component of a uniformed service, or of the National Guard, who is entitled to compensation under section 206 of this title, performs, under orders, any duty described in subsection (a) for members entitled to basic pay, he is entitled to an increase in compensation equal to 1/30 of the monthly incentive pay authorized by subsection (b) or (c), as the case may be, for the performance of that hazardous duty by a member of a corresponding grade who is entitled to basic pay. He is entitled to the increase for as long as he is qualified for it, for each regular period of instruction, or period of appropriate duty, at which he is engaged for at least two hours, including that performed on a Sunday or holiday, or for the performance of such other equivalent training, instruction, duty, or appropriate duties, as the Secretary may prescribe under section 206 (a) of this title. This subsection does not apply to a member who is entitled to basic pay under section 204 of this title for the entire month.
(2) 
(A) If in any calendar month a member performs duty as described in paragraph (1) and while entitled to basic pay also performs hazardous duty as described in the same paragraph of subsection (a) as constitutes the predicate for his entitlement under paragraph (1), the earned units of measuring entitlement for incentive pay under this section shall be combined. If the sum of units determined under the preceding sentence equals or exceeds the minimum standard prescribed by the President for entitlement to pay specified under subsections (b) and (c) for a member of corresponding grade who is entitled to basic pay for the entire relevant month, the member shall be entitled to an increase in compensation equal to 1/30 of the monthly incentive pay authorized by subsection (b) or (c) for the performance of that hazardous duty by a member of corresponding grade who is entitled to basic pay for the entire month.
(B) A member who qualifies for entitlement under this paragraph is entitled to the increase for each day in the relevant month in which he is entitled to basic pay pursuant to section 204 of this title or to compensation under section 206 of this title.
(C) In this paragraph, the term units means the significant increments of performance prescribed as qualifying standards in regulations promulgated by the President pursuant to this section.

37 USC 301a - Incentive pay: aviation career

(a) 
(1) Subject to regulations prescribed by the President, a member of a uniformed service who is entitled to basic pay is also entitled to aviation career incentive pay in the amount set forth in subsection (b) for the frequent and regular performance of operational or proficiency flying duty required by orders.
(2) Aviation career incentive pay shall be restricted to regular and reserve officers who hold, or are in training leading to, an aeronautical rating or designation and who engage and remain in aviation service on a career basis.
(3) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of Homeland Security with respect to the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy, or the Secretary of Commerce and the Secretary of Health and Human Services with respect to members under their respective jurisdiction, an officer (except a flight surgeon or other medical officer) who is entitled to basic pay, holds an aeronautical rating or designation, and is qualified for aviation service under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, is entitled to continuous monthly incentive pay in the amount set forth in subsection (b) that is applicable to him. A flight surgeon or other medical officer who is entitled to basic pay, holds an aeronautical rating or designation, and is qualified for aviation service under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, is not entitled to continuous monthly incentive pay but is entitled to monthly incentive pay in the amounts set forth in subsection (b) for the frequent and regular performance of operational flying duty.
(4) To be entitled to continuous monthly incentive pay, an officer must perform the prescribed operational flying duties (including flight training but excluding proficiency flying) for 8 of the first 12, and 12 of the first 18 years of the aviation service of the officer. However, if an officer performs the prescribed operational flying duties (including flight training but excluding proficiency flying) for at least 10 but less than 12 of the first 18 years of the aviation service of the officer, the officer will be entitled to continuous monthly incentive pay for the first 22 years of aviation service of the officer. Entitlement to continuous monthly incentive pay ceases for an officer (other than a warrant officer) upon completion of 25 years of aviation service, but such an officer in a pay grade below pay grade O7 remains entitled to monthly incentive pay under subsection (b)(1) for the performance of operational flying duty.
(5) If upon completion of either 12 or 18 years of aviation service it is determined that an officer has failed to perform the minimum prescribed operational flying duty requirements during the prescribed periods of time, his entitlement to continuous monthly incentive pay ceases. For the needs of the service, the Secretary concerned may permit, on a case by case basis, an officer to continue to receive continuous monthly incentive pay despite the failure of the officer to perform the prescribed operational flying duty requirements during the prescribed periods of time so long as the officer has performed those requirements for not less than 6 years of aviation service. The Secretary concerned may not delegate the authority in the preceding sentence to permit the payment of incentive pay under this subsection. If at the completion of 12 years of aviation service entitlement to continuous monthly incentive pay ceases, entitlement to that pay may again commence at the completion of 18 years of aviation service upon completion of the minimum operational flying duty requirements, such pay to continue for a period of time as prescribed in accordance with this section. However, if entitlement to continuous monthly incentive pay ceases in the case of any officer at the completion of either 12 or 18 years of aviation service, such officer remains entitled to monthly incentive pay for the performance of subsequent operational or proficiency flying duties up to the maximum period of time prescribed in accordance with this section.
(6) In this section:
(A) The term aviation service means service performed by an officer (except a flight surgeon or other medical officer) while holding an aeronautical rating or designation or while in training to receive an aeronautical rating or designation.
(B) The term operational flying duty means flying performed under competent orders by rated or designated members while serving in assignments in which basic flying skills normally are maintained in the performance of assigned duties as determined by the Secretary concerned, and flying performed by members in training that leads to the award of an aeronautical rating or designation.
(C) The term proficiency flying duty means flying performed under competent orders by rated or designated members while serving in assignments in which such skills would normally not be maintained in the performance of assigned duties.
(D) The term officer includes an individual enlisted, and designated, as an aviation cadet under section 6911 of title 10.
(b) 
(1) A member who satisfies the requirements described in subsection (a) is entitled to monthly incentive pay as follows:
(2) An officer in a pay grade above O6 is entitled, until the officer completes 25 years of aviation service, to be paid at the rates set forth in the table in paragraph (1), except that
(A) an officer in pay grade O7 may not be paid at a rate greater than $200 a month; and
(B) an officer in pay grade O8 or above may not be paid at a rate greater than $206 a month.
(3) For a warrant officer with over 22, 23, 24, or 25 years of aviation service who is qualified under subsection (a), the rate prescribed in the table in paragraph (1) for officers with over 14 years of aviation service shall continue to apply to the warrant officer.
(4) An officer serving as an air battle manager who is entitled to aviation career incentive pay under this section and who, before becoming entitled to aviation career incentive pay, was entitled to incentive pay under section 301 (a)(13) of this title, shall be paid the monthly incentive pay at the higher of the following rates:
(A) The rate otherwise applicable to the member under this subsection.
(B) The rate at which the member was receiving incentive pay under section 301 (c)(2)(A) of this title immediately before the members entitlement to aviation career incentive pay under this section.
(c) In time of war, the President may suspend the payment of aviation career incentive pay.
(d) Under regulations prescribed by the President and to the extent provided for by appropriations, when a member of a reserve component of a uniformed service, or of the National Guard, who is entitled to compensation under section 206 of this title, performs, under orders, duty described in subsection (a) for members entitled to basic pay, he is entitled to an increase in compensation equal to 1/30 of the monthly incentive pay authorized by subsection (b) for the performance of that duty by a member with corresponding years of aviation service who is entitled to basic pay. Such member is entitled to the increase for as long as he is qualified for it, for each regular period of instruction, or period of appropriate duty, at which he is engaged for at least two hours, including that performed on a Sunday or holiday, or for the performance of such other equivalent training, instruction, duty or appropriate duties, as the Secretary may prescribe under section 206 (a) of this title. This subsection does not apply to a member who is entitled to basic pay under section 204 of this title.

37 USC 301b - Special pay: aviation career officers extending period of active duty

(a) Bonus Authorized.— 
An aviation officer described in subsection (b) who, during the period beginning on January 1, 1989, and ending on December 31, 2007, executes a written agreement to remain on active duty in aviation service for at least one year may, upon the acceptance of the agreement by the Secretary concerned, be paid a retention bonus as provided in this section.
(b) Covered Officers.— 
An aviation officer referred to in subsection (a) is an officer of a uniformed service who
(1) is entitled to aviation career incentive pay under section 301a of this title;
(2) is in a pay grade below pay grade O7;
(3) is qualified to perform operational flying duty; and
(4) has completed any active duty service commitment incurred for undergraduate aviator training or is within one year of completing such commitment.
(c) Amount of Bonus.— 
The amount of a retention bonus paid under this section may not be more than $25,000 for each year covered by the written agreement to remain on active duty.
(d) Proration.— 
The term of an agreement under subsection (a) and the amount of the bonus under subsection (c) may be prorated as long as such agreement does not extend beyond the date on which the officer making such agreement would complete 25 years of aviation service.
(e) Payment of Bonus.— 
Upon the acceptance of a written agreement under subsection (a) by the Secretary concerned, the total amount payable pursuant to the agreement becomes fixed and may be paid by the Secretary in either a lump sum or installments.
(f) Additional Pay.— 
A retention bonus paid under this section is in addition to any other pay and allowances to which an officer is entitled.
(g) Repayment.— 
An officer who does not complete the period of active duty specified in the agreement entered into under subsection (a) shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(h) Regulations.— 
The Secretaries concerned shall prescribe regulations to carry out this section. Regulations prescribed by the Secretary of a military department shall be subject to the approval of the Secretary of Defense.
(i) Reports.— 

(1) Not later than February 15 of each year, the Secretaries concerned shall submit to the Secretary of Defense a report analyzing the effect of the provision of retention bonuses to aviation officers during the preceding fiscal year on the retention of qualified aviators.
(2) Not later than March 15 of each year, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives copies of the reports submitted to the Secretary under paragraph (1) with regard to the preceding fiscal year, together with such comments and recommendations as the Secretary considers appropriate.
(j) Definitions.— 
In this section:
(1) The term aviation service means service performed by an officer (except a flight surgeon or other medical officer) while holding an aeronautical rating or designation or while in training to receive an aeronautical rating or designation.
(2) The term operational flying duty has the meaning given such term in section 301a (a)(6)(B) of this title.

37 USC 301c - Incentive pay: submarine duty

(a) Eligibility Requirements.— 

(1)  Subject to regulations prescribed by the President, a member of the naval service who is entitled to basic pay, and
(A)  holds (or is in training leading to) a submarine duty designator,
(B)  is in and remains in the submarine service on a career basis, and
(C)  meets the requirements of paragraph (3), is entitled to continuous monthly submarine duty incentive pay in the amount prescribed pursuant to subsection (b).
(2) Subject to regulations prescribed by the President, a member of the naval service who is entitled to basic pay but is not entitled to continuous monthly submarine duty incentive pay under paragraph (1) is entitled to submarine duty incentive pay in the amount prescribed pursuant to subsection (b) for any period during which such member performs frequent and regular operational submarine duty (as defined in paragraph (5)) required by orders.
(3) To be entitled to continuous monthly submarine duty incentive pay through 26 years of service (as computed under section 205 of this title, but excluding, in the case of an officer, periods as an enlisted member before initial appointment as an officer), a member must perform operational submarine duties for at least 6 of the first 12, and at least 10 of the first 18, years of his submarine service. However, if a member performs the prescribed operational submarine duties for at least 8 but less than 10 of the first 18 years of his submarine service, he is entitled to continuous monthly submarine duty incentive pay for the first 22 years of his service (as computed under section 205 of this title, but excluding, in the case of an officer, periods as an enlisted member before initial appointment as an officer).
(4) If upon completion of either 12 or 18 years of submarine service it is determined that a member has failed to perform the minimum prescribed operational submarine duty requirements during the prescribed periods of time, his entitlement to continuous monthly submarine duty incentive pay ceases. If entitlement to continuous monthly submarine duty incentive pay ceases upon completion of 12 years of submarine service, entitlement to that pay may again commence upon completion of 18 years of submarine service if the minimum operational submarine duty requirements have been met, and such pay shall continue for the period of time prescribed in accordance with this section. However, if entitlement to continuous monthly submarine duty incentive pay ceases in the case of any member at the completion of either 12 or 18 years of submarine service or 26 years of service (as computed under section 205 of this title, but excluding, in the case of an officer, periods as an enlisted member before initial appointment as an officer), such member shall be entitled to that pay in the amount prescribed pursuant to subsection (b) for the performance of subsequent operational submarine duty, or for the performance of service as a member of a submarine operational command staff, if such members duties require serving on a submarine during underway operations.
(5) In this section:
(A) The term operational submarine duty means duty
(i) while attached under competent orders to a submarine, while serving as an operator or crew member of an operational submersible (including an undersea exploration or research vehicle), while undergoing training preliminary to assignment to a nuclear-powered submarine, while undergoing rehabilitation after assignment to a nuclear-powered submarine, or, in the case of a member qualified in submarines, while attached as a member of a submarine operational command staff whose duties require serving on a submarine during underway operations
(I) during one calendar month: 48 hours, except that hours served underway in excess of 48 as a member of a submarine operational command staff during any of the immediately preceding five calendar months and not already used to qualify for incentive pay may be applied to satisfy the underway time requirements for the current month;
(II) during any two consecutive calendar months when the requirements of subclause (I) of this clause have not been met: 96 hours; or
(III) during any three consecutive calendar months when the requirements of subclause (II) of this clause have not been met: 144 hours;
(ii) while receiving instruction to prepare for assignment to a submarine of advanced design, or
(iii) while receiving instruction to prepare for a position of increased responsibility on a submarine.
(B) The term submarine service means the service performed, under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Navy, by a member, and the years of submarine service are computed beginning with the effective date of the initial order to perform submarine service.
(b) Monthly Rates.— 
The Secretary of the Navy shall prescribe the monthly rates of submarine duty incentive pay, except that the maximum monthly rate may not exceed $1,000.
(c) Exceptions.— 

(1) An officer who fails of selection for assignment as an executive officer or commanding officer of a submarine or who declines to serve in either such position may not be paid submarine duty incentive pay except for periods during which the officer is serving on a submarine during underway operations.
(2) An enlisted member may not be paid continuous submarine duty incentive pay while serving ashore between submarine sea duty assignments unless the member has a sufficient period of enlistment (including any extension of an enlistment) remaining to be reassigned to submarine sea duty.
(d) Applicability to Certain Navy Reserve Duty.— 
Under regulations prescribed by the President and to the extent provided for by appropriations, when a member of the Navy Reserve who is entitled to compensation under section 206 of this title, performs, under orders, duty on a submarine during underway operations, he is eligible for an increase in such compensation equal to one-thirtieth of the monthly incentive pay prescribed pursuant to subsection (b) for the performance of that duty by a member of a corresponding grade and years of service who is entitled to basic pay. Such a member is eligible for the increase for each day served, for as long as he is qualified for it, during each regular period of appropriate duty.

37 USC 301d - Multiyear retention bonus: medical officers of the armed forces

(a) Bonus Authorized.— 

(1) A medical officer described in subsection (b) who executes a written agreement to remain on active duty for two, three, or four years after completion of any other active-duty service commitment may, upon acceptance of the written agreement by the Secretary of the military department concerned, be paid a retention bonus as provided in this section.
(2) The amount of a retention bonus under paragraph (1) may not exceed $50,000 for each year covered by a four-year agreement. The maximum yearly retention bonus for two-year and three-year agreements shall be reduced to reflect the shorter service commitment.
(b) Eligible Officers.— 
This section applies to an officer of the armed forces who
(1) is an officer of the Medical Corps of the Army or the Navy or an officer of the Air Force designated as a medical officer;
(2) is in a pay grade below pay grade O7;
(3) has at least eight years of creditable service (computed as described in section 302 (g) of this title) or has completed any active-duty service commitment incurred for medical education and training; and
(4) has completed initial residency training (or will complete such training before September 30 of the fiscal year in which the officer enters into an agreement under subsection (a)).
(c) Repayment.— 
An officer who does not complete the period of active duty specified in the agreement entered into under subsection (a) shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.

37 USC 301e - Multiyear retention bonus: dental officers of the armed forces

(a) Bonus Authorized.— 

(1) A dental officer described in subsection (b) who executes a written agreement to remain on active duty for two, three, or four years after completion of any other active-duty service commitment may, upon acceptance of the written agreement by the Secretary of the military department concerned, be paid a retention bonus as provided in this section.
(2) The amount of a retention bonus under paragraph (1) may not exceed $50,000 for each year covered by a four-year agreement. The maximum yearly retention bonus for two-year and three-year agreements shall be reduced to reflect the shorter service commitment.
(b) Officers Automatically Eligible.— 
Subsection (a) applies to an officer of the armed forces who
(1) is an officer of the Dental Corps of the Army or the Navy or an officer of the Air Force designated as a dental officer;
(2) has a dental specialty in oral and maxillofacial surgery;
(3) is in a pay grade below pay grade O7;
(4) has at least eight years of creditable service (computed as described in section 302b (g)1 of this title) or has completed any active-duty service commitment incurred for dental education and training; and
(5) has completed initial residency training (or will complete such training before September 30 of the fiscal year in which the officer enters into an agreement under subsection (a)).
(c) Extension of Bonus to Other Dental Officers.— 
At the discretion of the Secretary of the military department concerned, the Secretary may enter into a written agreement described in subsection (a)(1) with a dental officer who does not have the dental specialty specified in subsection (b)(2), and pay a retention bonus to such an officer as provided in this section, if the officer otherwise satisfies the eligibility requirements specified in subsection (b). The Secretaries shall exercise the authority provided in this section in a manner consistent with regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense.
(d) Repayment.— 
An officer who does not complete the period of active duty specified in the agreement entered into under subsection (a) shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
[1] See References in Text note below.

37 USC 302 - Special pay: medical officers of the armed forces

(a) Variable, Additional, and Board Certification Special Pay.— 

(1) An officer who is an officer of the Medical Corps of the Army or the Navy or an officer of the Air Force designated as a medical officer and who is on active duty under a call or order to active duty for a period of not less than one year is entitled to special pay in accordance with this subsection.
(2) An officer described in paragraph (1) who is serving in a pay grade below pay grade O7 is entitled to variable special pay at the following rates:
(A) $1,200 per year, if the officer is undergoing medical internship training.
(B) $5,000 per year, if the officer has less than six years of creditable service and is not undergoing medical internship training.
(C) $12,000 per year, if the officer has at least six but less than eight years of creditable service.
(D) $11,500 per year, if the officer has at least eight but less than ten years of creditable service.
(E) $11,000 per year, if the officer has at least ten but less than twelve years of creditable service.
(F) $10,000 per year, if the officer has at least twelve but less than fourteen years of creditable service.
(G) $9,000 per year, if the officer has at least fourteen but less than eighteen years of creditable service.
(H) $8,000 per year, if the officer has at least eighteen but less than twenty-two years of creditable service.
(I) $7,000 per year, if the officer has twenty-two or more years of creditable service.
(3) An officer described in paragraph (1) who is serving in a pay grade above pay grade O6 is entitled to variable special pay at the rate of $7,000 per year.
(4) Subject to subsection (c), an officer entitled to variable special pay under paragraph (2) or (3) is entitled to additional special pay of $15,000 for any twelve-month period during which the officer is not undergoing medical internship or initial residency training.
(5) An officer who is entitled to variable special pay under paragraph (2) or (3) and who is board certified is entitled to additional special pay at the following rates:
(A) $2,500 per year, if the officer has less than ten years of creditable service.
(B) $3,500 per year, if the officer has at least ten but less than twelve years of creditable service.
(C) $4,000 per year, if the officer has at least twelve but less than fourteen years of creditable service.
(D) $5,000 per year, if the officer has at least fourteen but less than eighteen years of creditable service.
(E) $6,000 per year, if the officer has eighteen or more years of creditable service.
(b) Incentive Special Pay.— 

(1) Subject to subsection (c) and paragraph (2) and under regulations prescribed under section 303a (a) of this title, an officer who is entitled to variable special pay under subsection (a)(2) may be paid incentive special pay for any twelve-month period during which the officer is not undergoing medical internship or initial residency training. The amount of incentive special pay paid to an officer under this subsection may not exceed $50,000 for any 12-month period.
(2) An officer is not eligible for incentive special pay under paragraph (1) unless the Secretary concerned has determined that such officer is qualified in the medical profession.
(c) Active-Duty Agreement.— 

(1) An officer may not be paid additional special pay under subsection (a)(4) or incentive special pay under subsection (b) for any twelve-month period unless the officer first executes a written agreement under which the officer agrees to remain on active duty for a period of not less than one year beginning on the date the officer accepts the award of such special pay.
(2) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense under section 303a (a) of this title, the Secretary of the military department concerned may terminate at any time an officers entitlement to the special pay authorized by subsection (a)(4) or (b)(1). If such entitlement is terminated, the officer concerned shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(d) Regulations.— 
Regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense under section 303a (a) of this title shall include standards for determining
(1) whether an officer is undergoing medical internship or initial residency training for purposes of subsections (a)(2)(A), (a)(2)(B), (a)(4), and (b)(1); and
(2) whether an officer is board certified for purposes of subsection (a)(5).
(e) Frequency of Payments.— 
Special pay payable to an officer under paragraphs (2), (3), and (5) of subsection (a) shall be paid monthly. Special pay payable to an officer under subsection (a)(4) or (b)(1) shall be paid annually at the beginning of the twelve-month period for which the officer is entitled to such payment.
(f) Repayment.— 
An officer who does not complete the period for which the payment was made under subsection (a)(4) or subsection (b)(1) shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(g) Determination of Creditable Service.— 
For purposes of this section, creditable service of an officer is computed by adding
(1) all periods which the officer spent in medical internship or residency training during which the officer was not on active duty; and
(2) all periods of active service in the Medical Corps of the Army or Navy, as an officer of the Air Force designated as a medical officer, or as a medical officer of the Public Health Service.
(h) Reserve Medical Officers Special Pay.— 

(1) A reserve medical officer described in paragraph (2) is entitled to special pay at the rate of $450 a month for each month of active duty, including active duty in the form of annual training, active duty for training, and active duty for special work.
(2) A reserve medical officer referred to in paragraph (1) is a reserve officer who
(A) is an officer of the Medical Corps of the Army or the Navy or an officer of the Air Force designated as a medical officer; and
(B) is on active duty under a call or order to active duty for a period of less than one year.
(i) Effect of Discharge in Bankruptcy.— 
A discharge in bankruptcy under title 11 that is entered less than 5 years after the termination of an agreement under this section does not discharge the person signing such agreement from a debt arising under such agreement or under subsection (c)(2) or (f). This paragraph applies to any case commenced under title 11 after September 30, 1985.

37 USC 302a - Special pay: optometrists

(a) Regular Special Pay.— 
Each of the following officers is entitled to special pay at the rate of $100 a month for each month of active duty:
(1) A commissioned officer
(A) of the Regular Army, Regular Navy, or Regular Air Force who is designated as an optometry officer; or
(B) who is an optometry officer of the Regular Corps of the Public Health Service.
(2) A commissioned officer
(A) of a Reserve component of the Army, Navy, or Air Force who is designated as an optometry officer; or
(B) who is an optometry officer of the Reserve Corps of the Public Health Service,

who is on active duty as a result of a call or order to active duty for a period of at least one year.

(3) A general officer of the Army or the Air Force appointed, from any of the categories named in clause (1) or (2), in the Army, Air Force, or the National Guard, as the case may be.
(b) Retention Special Pay.— 

(1) Under regulations prescribed under section 303a (a) of this title, the Secretary concerned may pay an officer described in paragraph (2) a retention special pay of not more than $15,000 for any twelve-month period during which the officer is not undergoing an internship or initial residency training.
(2) An officer referred to in paragraph (1) is an officer of a uniformed service who
(A) is entitled to special pay under subsection (a);
(B) has completed any initial active-duty service commitment incurred for education and training; and
(C) is determined by the Secretary concerned to be qualified as an optometrist.
(3) An officer may not be paid retention special pay under paragraph (1) for any twelve-month period unless the officer first executes a written agreement under which the officer agrees to remain on active duty for a period of not less than one year beginning on the date the officer accepts the award of such special pay.
(4) The Secretary concerned may terminate at any time the eligibility of an officer to receive retention special pay under paragraph (1). An officer who does not complete the period for which the payment was made under paragraph (1) shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.

37 USC 302b - Special pay: dental officers of the armed forces

(a) Variable, Additional, Board Certification, and Incentive Special Pay.— 

(1) An officer who
(A) is an officer of the Dental Corps of the Army or the Navy or an officer of the Air Force designated as a dental officer; and
(B) is on active duty under a call or order to active duty for a period of not less than one year,

is entitled to special pay in accordance with this subsection.

(2) An officer described in paragraph (1) who is serving in a pay grade below pay grade O7 is entitled to variable special pay at the following rates:
(A) $3,000 per year, if the officer is undergoing dental internship training or has less than three years of creditable service.
(B) $7,000 per year, if the officer has at least three but less than six years of creditable service and is not undergoing dental internship training.
(C) $7,000 per year, if the officer has at least six but less than eight years of creditable service.
(D) $12,000 per year, if the officer has at least eight but less than 12 years of creditable service.
(E) $10,000 per year, if the officer has at least 12 but less than 14 years of creditable service.
(F) $9,000 per year, if the officer has at least 14 but less than 18 years of creditable service.
(G) $8,000 per year, if the officer has 18 or more years of creditable service.
(3) An officer described in paragraph (1) who is serving in a pay grade above pay grade O6 is entitled to variable special pay at the rate of $7,000 per year.
(4) An officer who is entitled to variable special pay under paragraph (2) or (3) is also entitled to additional special pay for any 12-month period during which an agreement executed under subsection (b) is in effect with respect to the officer. Such additional special pay shall be paid at the following rates:
(A) $4,000 per year, if the officer has less than three years of creditable service.
(B) $6,000 per year, if the officer has at least three but less than 10 years of creditable service.
(C) $15,000 per year, if the officer has 10 or more years of creditable service.
(5) An officer who is entitled to variable special pay under paragraph (2) or (3) and who is board certified is entitled to additional special pay at the following rates:
(A) $2,500 per year, if the officer has less than 10 years of creditable service.
(B) $3,500 per year, if the officer has at least 10 but less than 12 years of creditable service.
(C) $4,000 per year, if the officer has at least 12 but less than 14 years of creditable service.
(D) $5,000 per year, if the officer has at least 14 but less than 18 years of creditable service.
(E) $6,000 per year, if the officer has 18 or more years of creditable service.
(6) An officer described in paragraph (1) who is an oral or maxillofacial surgeon may be paid incentive special pay at the same rates, and subject to the same terms and conditions, as incentive special pay available for medical officers under section 302 (b) of this title.
(b) Active-Duty Agreement.— 

(1) An officer may not be paid additional special pay under paragraph (4) or (6) of subsection (a) for any 12-month period unless the officer first executes a written agreement under which the officer agrees to remain on active duty for a period of not less than one year beginning on the date the officer accepts the award of such special pay.
(2) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense under section 303a (a) of this title, the Secretary of the military department concerned may terminate at any time an officers entitlement to the special pay authorized by paragraph (4) or (6) of subsection (a). If such entitlement is terminated, the officer concerned shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(c) Regulations.— 
Regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense under section 303a (a) of this title shall include standards for determining
(1) whether an officer is undergoing internship or residency training for purposes of subsections (a)(2)(A), (a)(2)(B), and (a)(4); and
(2) whether an officer is board certified for purposes of subsection (a)(5).
(d) Frequency of Payments.— 
Special pay payable to an officer under paragraphs (2), (3), and (5) of subsection (a) shall be paid monthly. Special pay payable to an officer under paragraph (4) or (6) of subsection (a) shall be paid annually at the beginning of the 12-month period for which the officer is entitled to such payment.
(e) Repayment.— 
An officer who does not complete the period of active duty specified in the agreement referred to in subsection (b) shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(f) Determination of Creditable Service.— 
For purposes of this section, creditable service of an officer is computed by adding
(1) all periods which the officer spent in dental internship or residency training during which the officer was not on active duty; and
(2) all periods of active service in the Dental Corps of the Army or Navy, as an officer of the Air Force designated as a dental officer, or as a dental officer of the Public Health Service.
(g) Reserve Dental Officers Special Pay.— 

(1) A reserve dental officer described in paragraph (2) is entitled to special pay at the rate of $350 a month for each month of active duty, including active duty in the form of annual training, active duty for training, and active duty for special work.
(2) A reserve dental officer referred to in paragraph (1) is a reserve officer who
(A) is an officer of the Dental Corps of the Army or the Navy or an officer of the Air Force designated as a dental officer; and
(B) is on active duty under a call or order to active duty for a period of less than one year.

37 USC 302c - Special pay: psychologists and nonphysician health care providers

(a) Public Health Service Corps.— 
A member who is
(1) an officer in the Regular or Reserve Corps of the Public Health Service and is designated as a psychologist; and
(2) has been awarded a diploma as a Diplomate in Psychology by the American Board of Professional Psychology,

is entitled to special pay, as provided in subsection (b).

(b) Rate of Special Pay.— 
The rate of special pay to which an officer is entitled pursuant to subsection (a) shall be
(1) $2,000 per year, if the officer has less than 10 years of creditable service;
(2) $2,500 per year, if the officer has at least 10 but less than 12 years of creditable service;
(3) $3,000 per year, if the officer has at least 12 but less than 14 years of creditable service;
(4) $4,000 per year, if the officer has at least 14 but less than 18 years of creditable service; or
(5) $5,000 per year, if the officer has 18 or more years of creditable service.
(c) Army, Navy, and Air Force Psychologists.— 
The Secretary of Defense may provide special pay at the rates specified in subsection (b) to an officer who
(1) is an officer in the Medical Service Corps of the Army or Navy or a biomedical sciences officer in the Air Force;
(2) is designated as a psychologist; and
(3) has been awarded a diploma as a Diplomate in Psychology by the American Board of Professional Psychology.
(d) Nonphysician Health Care Providers.— 
The Secretary concerned may authorize the payment of special pay at the rates specified in subsection (b) to an officer who
(1) is an officer in the Medical Services Corps of the Army or Navy, a biomedical sciences officer in the Air Force, an officer in the Army Medical Specialist Corps, an officer of the Nurse Corps of the Army or Navy, an officer of the Air Force designated as a nurse, an officer of the Coast Guard or Coast Guard Reserve designated as a physician assistant, or an officer in the Regular or Reserve Corps of the Public Health Service;
(2) is a health care provider (other than a psychologist);
(3) has a postbaccalaureate degree; and
(4) is certified by a professional board in the officers specialty.

37 USC 302d - Special pay: accession bonus for registered nurses

(a) Accession Bonus Authorized.— 

(1) A person who is a registered nurse and who, during the period beginning on November 29, 1989, and ending on December 31, 2007, executes a written agreement described in subsection (c) to accept a commission as an officer and remain on active duty for a period of not less than three years may, upon the acceptance of the agreement by the Secretary concerned, be paid an accession bonus in an amount determined by the Secretary concerned.
(2) The amount of an accession bonus under paragraph (1) may not exceed $30,000.
(b) Limitation on Eligibility for Bonus.— 
A person may not be paid a bonus under subsection (a) if
(1) the person, in exchange for an agreement to accept an appointment as an officer, received financial assistance from the Department of Defense to pursue a baccalaureate degree; or
(2) the Secretary concerned determines that the person is not qualified to become and remain licensed as a registered nurse.
(c) Agreement.— 
The agreement referred to in subsection (a) shall provide that, consistent with the needs of the uniformed service concerned, the person executing the agreement will be assigned to duty, for the period of obligated service covered by the agreement, as an officer of the Nurse Corps of the Army or Navy, an officer of the Air Force designated as a nurse, or an officer designated as a nurse in the commissioned corps of the Public Health Service.
(d) Repayment.— 
An officer who does not become and remain licensed as a registered nurse during the period for which the payment is made, or who does not complete the period of active duty specified in the agreement entered into under subsection (a), shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.

37 USC 302e - Special pay: nurse anesthetists

(a) Special Pay Authorized.— 

(1) An officer described in subsection (b)(1) who, during the period beginning on November 29, 1989, and ending on December 31, 2007, executes a written agreement to remain on active duty for a period of one year or more may, upon the acceptance of the agreement by the Secretary concerned, be paid incentive special pay in an amount not to exceed $50,000 for any 12-month period.
(2) The Secretary concerned shall determine the amount of incentive special pay to be paid to an officer under paragraph (1). In determining that amount, the Secretary concerned shall consider the period of obligated service provided for in the agreement under that paragraph.
(b) Covered Officers.— 

(1) An officer referred to in subsection (a) is an officer of a uniformed service who
(A) is an officer of the Nurse Corps of the Army or Navy, an officer of the Air Force designated as a nurse, or an officer designated as a nurse in the commissioned corps of the Public Health Service;
(B) is a qualified certified registered nurse anesthetist; and
(C) is on active duty under a call or order to active duty for a period of not less than one year.
(2) The Secretary of Defense may extend the special pay authorized under subsection (a) to officers of the armed forces who serve in a nursing specialty (other than as nurse anesthetists) that
(A) is designated by the Secretary of the military department concerned as critical to meet requirements (whether such specialty is designated as critical to meet wartime or peacetime requirements); and
(B) requires postbaccalaureate education and training.
(c) Termination of Agreement.— 
Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, with respect to the Army, Navy, and Air Force, and the Secretary of Health and Human Services, with respect to the Public Health Service, the Secretary concerned may terminate an agreement entered into under subsection (a). Upon termination of an agreement, the entitlement of the officer to special pay under this section and the agreed upon commitment to active duty of the officer shall end. If such entitlement is terminated, the officer concerned shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(d) Payment.— 
Special pay payable to an officer under subsection (a) shall be paid annually at the beginning of the 12-month period for which the officer is to receive that payment.
(e) Repayment.— 
An officer who does not complete the period of active duty specified in the agreement entered into under subsection (a) shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.

37 USC 302f - Special pay: reserve, recalled, or retained health care officers

(a) Eligible for Special Pay.— 
A health care officer described in subsection (b) shall be eligible for special pay under section 302, 302a, 302b, 302c, 302e, or 303 of this title (whichever applies) notwithstanding any requirement in those sections that
(1) the call or order of the officer to active duty be for a period of not less than one year; or
(2) the officer execute a written agreement to remain on active duty for a period of not less than one year.
(b) Health Care Officers Described.— 
A health care officer referred to in subsection (a) is an officer of the armed forces who is otherwise eligible for special pay under section 302, 302a, 302b, 302c, 302e, or 303 of this title and who
(1) is a reserve officer on active duty (other than for training) under a call or order to active duty for a period of more than 30 days but less than one year;
(2) is involuntarily retained on active duty under section 12305 of title 10, or is recalled to active duty under section 688 of title 10 for a period of more than 30 days; or
(3) voluntarily agrees to remain on active duty for a period of less than one year at a time when
(A) officers are involuntarily retained on active duty under section 12305 of title 10; or
(B) the Secretary of Defense determines (pursuant to regulations prescribed by the Secretary) that special circumstances justify the payment of special pay under this section.
(c) Monthly Payments.— 
Payment of special pay pursuant to this section may be made on a monthly basis. The officer shall repay in the manner provided in section 303a (e) of this title any amount received under this section in excess of the amount that corresponds to the actual period of active duty served by the officer.
(d) Special Rule for Reserve Medical and Dental Officers.— 
While a reserve medical or dental officer receives a special pay under section 302 or 302b of this title by reason of subsection (a), the officer shall not be entitled to special pay under section 302 (h) or 302b (h) of this title.

37 USC 302g - Special pay: Selected Reserve health care professionals in critically short wartime specialties

(a) Special Pay Authorized.— 
An officer of a reserve component of the armed forces described in subsection (b) who executes a written agreement under which the officer agrees to serve in the Selected Reserve of an armed force for a period of not less than one year nor more than three years, beginning on the date the officer accepts the award of special pay under this section, may be paid special pay at an annual rate not to exceed $25,000.
(b) Eligible Officers.— 
An officer referred to in subsection (a) is an officer in a health care profession who is qualified in a specialty designated by regulations as a critically short wartime specialty.
(c) Time for Payment.— 
Special pay under this section shall be paid annually at the beginning of each twelve-month period for which the officer has agreed to serve.
(d) Repayment.— 
An officer who does not complete the period of service in the Selected Reserve specified in the agreement entered into under subsection (a) shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(e) Termination of Agreement Authority.— 
No agreement under this section may be entered into after December 31, 2007.

37 USC 302h - Special pay: accession bonus for dental officers

(a) Accession Bonus Authorized.— 

(1) A person who is a graduate of an accredited dental school and who, during the period beginning on September 23, 1996, and ending on December 31, 2007, executes a written agreement described in subsection (c) to accept a commission as an officer of the armed forces and remain on active duty for a period of not less than four years may, upon the acceptance of the agreement by the Secretary concerned, be paid an accession bonus in an amount determined by the Secretary concerned.
(2) The amount of an accession bonus under paragraph (1) may not exceed $200,000.
(b) Limitation on Eligibility for Bonus.— 
A person may not be paid a bonus under subsection (a) if
(1) the person, in exchange for an agreement to accept an appointment as an officer, received financial assistance from the Department of Defense to pursue a course of study in dentistry; or
(2) the Secretary concerned determines that the person is not qualified to become and remain certified and licensed as a dentist.
(c) Agreement.— 
The agreement referred to in subsection (a) shall provide that, consistent with the needs of the armed service concerned, the person executing the agreement will be assigned to duty, for the period of obligated service covered by the agreement, as an officer of the Dental Corps of the Army or the Navy or an officer of the Air Force designated as a dental officer.
(d) Repayment.— 
A person who, after signing an agreement under subsection (a), is not commissioned as an officer of the armed forces, does not become licensed as a dentist, or does not complete the period of active duty specified in the agreement shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.

37 USC 302i - Special pay: pharmacy officers

(a) Army, Navy, and Air Force Pharmacy Officers.— 
Under regulations prescribed pursuant to section 303a of this title, the Secretary of the military department concerned may, subject to subsection (c), pay retention special pay under this section to an officer who
(1) is a pharmacy officer in the Medical Service Corps of the Army or Navy or the Biomedical Sciences Corps of the Air Force; and
(2) is on active duty under a call or order to active duty for a period of not less than one year.
(b) Public Health Service Corps.— 
Subject to subsection (c), the Secretary of Health and Human Services may pay retention special pay under this section to an officer who
(1) is an officer in the Regular or Reserve Corps of the Public Health Service and is designated as a pharmacy officer; and
(2) is on active duty under a call or order to active duty for a period of not less than one year.
(c) Limitation on Eligibility for Special Pay.— 
Special pay may not be paid under this section to an officer serving in a pay grade above pay grade O6.
(d) Limitation on Amount of Special Pay.— 
The amount of retention special pay paid to an officer under this section may not exceed $15,000 for any 12-month period.

37 USC 302j - Special pay: accession bonus for pharmacy officers

(a) Accession Bonus Authorized.— 
A person who is a graduate of an accredited pharmacy school and who, during the period beginning on October 30, 2000, and ending on December 31, 2007, executes a written agreement described in subsection (d) to accept a commission as an officer of a uniformed service and remain on active duty for a period of not less than 4 years may, upon acceptance of the agreement by the Secretary concerned, be paid an accession bonus in an amount determined by the Secretary concerned.
(b) Limitation on Amount of Bonus.The amount of an accession bonus under subsection (a) may not exceed $30,000.
(c) Limitation on Eligibility for Bonus.— 
A person may not be paid a bonus under subsection (a) if
(1) the person, in exchange for an agreement to accept an appointment as a warrant or commissioned officer, received financial assistance from the Department of Defense or the Department of Health and Human Services to pursue a course of study in pharmacy; or
(2) the Secretary concerned determines that the person is not qualified to become and remain licensed as a pharmacist.
(d) Agreement.— 
The agreement referred to in subsection (a) shall provide that, consistent with the needs of the uniformed service concerned, the person executing the agreement shall be assigned to duty, for the period of obligated service covered by the agreement, as a pharmacy officer in the Medical Service Corps of the Army or Navy, a biomedical sciences officer in the Air Force designated as a pharmacy officer, or a pharmacy officer of the Public Health Service.
(e) Repayment.— 
A person who, after signing an agreement under subsection (a), is not commissioned as an officer of the armed forces, does not become and remain certified or licensed as a pharmacist, or does not complete the period of active duty specified in the agreement shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.

37 USC 302k - Special pay: accession bonus for medical officers in critically short wartime specialties

(a) Accession Bonus Authorized.— 
A person who is a graduate of an accredited school of medicine or osteopathy in a specialty designated by regulations as a critically short wartime specialty and who executes a written agreement described in subsection (d) to accept a commission as an officer of the armed forces and remain on active duty for a period of not less than four consecutive years may, upon the acceptance of the agreement by the Secretary concerned, be paid an accession bonus in the amount determined by the Secretary concerned.
(b) Amount of Bonus.— 
The amount of an accession bonus under subsection (a) may not exceed $400,000.
(c) Limitation on Eligibility for Bonus.— 
A person may not be paid a bonus under subsection (a) if
(1) the person, in exchange for an agreement to accept an appointment as an officer, received financial assistance from the Department of Defense to pursue a course of study in medicine or osteopathy; or
(2) the Secretary concerned determines that the person is not qualified to become and remain certified as a doctor or osteopath in a specialty designated by regulations as a critically short wartime specialty.
(d) Agreement.— 
The agreement referred to in subsection (a) shall provide that, consistent with the needs of the armed force concerned, the person executing the agreement will be assigned to duty, for the period of obligated service covered by the agreement, as an officer of the Medical Corps of the Army or the Navy or as an officer of the Air Force designated as a medical officer in a specialty designated by regulations as a critically short wartime specialty.
(e) Repayment.— 
A person who, after executing an agreement under subsection (a) is not commissioned as an officer of the armed forces, does not become licensed as a doctor or osteopath, as the case may be, or does not complete the period of active duty in a specialty specified in the agreement, shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(f) Termination of Authority.— 
No agreement under this section may be entered into after December 31, 2007.

37 USC 302l - Special pay: accession bonus for dental specialist officers in critically short wartime specialties

(a) Accession Bonus Authorized.— 
A person who is a graduate of an accredited dental school in a specialty designated by regulations as a critically short wartime specialty and who executes a written agreement described in subsection (d) to accept a commission as an officer of the armed forces and remain on active duty for a period of not less than four consecutive years may, upon the acceptance of the agreement by the Secretary concerned, be paid an accession bonus in the amount determined by the Secretary concerned.
(b) Amount of Bonus.— 
The amount of an accession bonus under subsection (a) may not exceed $400,000.
(c) Limitation on Eligibility for Bonus.— 
A person may not be paid a bonus under subsection (a) if
(1) the person, in exchange for an agreement to accept an appointment as an officer, received financial assistance from the Department of Defense to pursue a course of study in dentistry; or
(2) the Secretary concerned determines that the person is not qualified to become and remain certified as a dentist in a specialty designated by regulations as a critically short wartime specialty.
(d) Agreement.— 
The agreement referred to in subsection (a) shall provide that, consistent with the needs of the armed force concerned, the person executing the agreement will be assigned to duty, for the period of obligated service covered by the agreement, as an officer of the Dental Corps of the Army or the Navy or as an officer of the Air Force designated as a dental officer in a specialty designated by regulations as a critically short wartime specialty.
(e) Repayment.— 
A person who, after executing an agreement under subsection (a) is not commissioned as an officer of the armed forces, does not become licensed as a dentist, or does not complete the period of active duty in a specialty specified in the agreement, shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(f) Coordination With Other Accession Bonus Authority.— 
A person eligible to execute an agreement under both subsection (a) and section 302h of this title shall elect which authority to execute the agreement under. A person may not execute an agreement under both subsection (a) and such section 302h.
(g) Termination of Authority.— 
No agreement under this section may be entered into after December 31, 2007.

37 USC 303 - Special pay: veterinarians

(a) Monthly Special Pay.— 
Each of the following officers is entitled to special pay at the rate of $100 a month for each month of active duty:
(1) A commissioned officer
(A) of the Regular Army who is in the Veterinary Corps;
(B) of the Regular Air Force who is an officer in the Biomedical Sciences Corps and holds a degree in veterinary medicine; or
(C) who is a veterinary officer of the Regular Corps of the Public Health Service.
(2) A commissioned officer
(A) of a Reserve component of the Army who is in the Veterinary Corps of the Army;
(B) of a reserve component of the Air Force, of the Army or the Air Force without specification of component, or of the National Guard, who
(i) is designated as a veterinary officer; or
(ii) is an officer in the Biomedical Sciences Corps of the Air Force and holds a degree in veterinary medicine; or
(C) who is a veterinary officer of the Reserve Corps of the Public Health Service,

who is on active duty as a result of a call or order to active duty for a period of at least one year.

(3) A general officer of the Army or the Air Force appointed, from any of the categories named in clause (1) or (2), in the Army, the Air Force, or the National Guard, as the case may be.
(b) Additional Special Pay for Board Certification.— 
A commissioned officer entitled to special pay under subsection (a) who has been certified as a Diplomate in a specialty recognized by the American Veterinarian Medical Association is entitled to special pay (in addition to the special pay under subsection (a)) at the same rate as is provided under section 302c (b) of this title for an officer referred to in that section who has the same number of years of creditable service as the commissioned officer.

37 USC 303a - Special pay: general provisions

(a) The Secretary of Defense, with respect to the Army, Navy, and Air Force, and the Secretary of Health and Human Services, with respect to the Public Health Service, shall prescribe regulations for the administration of sections 301d, 302 through 302j, and 303 of this title.
(b) 
(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2) or as otherwise provided under a provision of this chapter, a commissioned officer in the Regular or Reserve Corps of the Public Health Service is entitled to special pay under a provision of this chapter in the same amounts, and under the same terms and conditions, as a commissioned officer of the armed forces is entitled to special pay under that provision.
(2) A commissioned medical officer in the Regular or Reserve Corps of the Public Health Service (other than an officer serving in the Indian Health Service) may not receive additional special pay under section 302 (a)(4) of this title for any period during which the officer is providing obligated service under the following provisions of law:
(A) Section 338B of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 254l–1).
(B) Section 225(e) of the Public Health Service Act, as that section was in effect before October 1, 1977.
(C) Section 752 of the Public Health Service Act, as that section was in effect between October 1, 1977, and August 13, 1981.
(c) Special pay authorized under sections 301d, 302 through 302j, and 303 of this title is in addition to any other pay or allowance to which an officer is entitled. The amount of special pay to which an officer is entitled under any of such sections may not be included in computing the amount of any increase in pay authorized by any other provision of this title or in computing retired pay, separation pay, severance pay, or readjustment pay.
(d) The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a review every two years of the special pay for health professionals authorized by sections 301d, 302 through 302j, and 303 of this title.
(e) Repayment of Unearned Portion of Bonuses and Other Benefits When Conditions of Payment not Met.— 

(1) A member of the uniformed services who receives a bonus or similar benefit and whose receipt of the bonus or similar benefit is subject to the condition that the member continue to satisfy certain eligibility requirements shall repay to the United States an amount equal to the unearned portion of the bonus or similar benefit if the member fails to satisfy the requirements, except in certain circumstances authorized by the Secretary concerned.
(2) The Secretary concerned may establish, by regulations, procedures for determining the amount of the repayment required under this subsection and the circumstances under which an exception to the required repayment may be granted. The Secretary concerned may specify in the regulations the conditions under which an installment payment of a bonus or similar benefit to be paid to a member of the uniformed services will not be made if the member no longer satisfies the eligibility requirements for the bonus or similar benefit. For the military departments, this subsection shall be administered under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense.
(3) An obligation to repay the United States under this subsection is, for all purposes, a debt owed the United States. A discharge in bankruptcy under title 11 does not discharge a person from such debt if the discharge order is entered less than five years after
(A) the date of the termination of the agreement or contract on which the debt is based; or
(B) in the absence of such an agreement or contract, the date of the termination of the service on which the debt is based.
(4) In this subsection:
(A) The term bonus or similar benefit means a bonus, incentive pay, special pay, or similar payment, or an educational benefit or stipend, paid to a member of the uniformed services under a provision of law that refers to the repayment requirements of this subsection.
(B) The term service, as used in paragraph (3)(B), refers to an obligation willingly undertaken by a member of the uniformed services, in exchange for a bonus or similar benefit offered by the Secretary of Defense or the Secretary concerned
(i) to remain on active duty or in an active status in a reserve component;
(ii) to perform duty in a specified skill, with or without a specified qualification or credential;
(iii) to perform duty at a specified location; or
(iv) to perform duty for a specified period of time.

37 USC 303b - Waiver of board certification requirements

(a) Certification Interrupted by Contingency Operation.— 
A member of the armed forces described in subsection (b) who completes the board certification or recertification requirements specified in section 302 (a)(5), 302b (a)(5), 302c (c)(3), or 302c (d)(4) of this title before the end of the period established for the member in subsection (c) shall be paid special pay under the applicable section for active duty performed during the period beginning on the date on which the member was assigned to duty in support of a contingency operation and ending on the date of that certification or recertification if the Secretary of Defense determines that the member was unable to schedule or complete that certification or recertification earlier because of that duty.
(b) Eligible Members Described.— 
A member of the armed forces referred to in subsection (a) is a member who
(1) is a medical or dental officer or a nonphysician health care provider;
(2) has completed any required residency training; and
(3) was, except for the board certification requirement, otherwise eligible for special pay under section 302 (a)(5), 302b (a)(5), 302c (c)(3), or 302c (d)(4) of this title during a duty assignment in support of a contingency operation.
(c) Period for Certification.— 
The period referred to in subsection (a) for completion of board certification or recertification requirements with respect to a member of the armed forces is the 180-day period (extended for such additional time as the Secretary of Defense determines to be appropriate) beginning on the date on which the member is released from the duty to which the member was assigned in support of a contingency operation.

37 USC 304 - Special pay: diving duty

(a) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, a member of a uniformed service who is entitled to basic pay is entitled to special pay, in the amount set forth in subsection (b), for periods during which the member
(1) is assigned by orders to the duty of diving;
(2) is required to maintain proficiency as a diver by frequent and regular dives; and
(3) either
(A) actually performs diving duty while serving in an assignment for which diving is a primary duty; or
(B) meets the requirements to maintain proficiency as described in paragraph (2) while serving in an assignment that includes diving duty other than as a primary duty.
(b) Special pay payable under subsection (a) shall be paid at a rate of not more than $240 a month, in the case of an officer, and at a rate of not more than $340 a month, in the case of an enlisted member.
(c) If, in addition to diving duty, a member is assigned by orders to one or more hazardous duties described in section 301 of this title, the member may be paid, for the same period of service, special pay under this section and incentive pay under such section 301 for each hazardous duty for which the member is qualified.
(d) 
(1) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned and to the extent provided for by appropriations, when a member of the National Guard or a reserve component of a uniformed service who is entitled to compensation under section 206 of this title performs diving duty, pursuant to orders, such member is entitled to an increase in compensation equal to 1/30 of the monthly special pay prescribed by the Secretary concerned for the performance of diving duty by a member of comparable diving classification who is entitled to basic pay under section 204 of this title. Such member is entitled to the increase
(A) for each regular period of instruction, or period of appropriate duty, at which the member is engaged for at least two hours, including that performed on a Sunday or holiday; or
(B) for the performance of such other equivalent training, instruction, duty, or appropriate duties, as the Secretary may prescribe under section 206 (a) of this title.
(2) This subsection does not apply to a member who is entitled to basic pay under section 204 of this title.
(e) In time of war, the President may suspend the payment of diving duty pay.

37 USC 305 - Special pay: hardship duty pay

(a) Special Pay Authorized.— 
A member of a uniformed service who is entitled to basic pay may be paid special pay under this section at a monthly rate not to exceed $750 while the member is performing duty in the United States or outside the United States that is designated by the Secretary of Defense as hardship duty.
(b) Regulations.— 
The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations for the provision of hardship duty pay under subsection (a), including the specific monthly rates at which the special pay will be available.

37 USC 305a - Special pay: career sea pay

(a) Availability of Special Pay.— 
A member of a uniformed service who is entitled to basic pay is also entitled, while on sea duty, to special pay at the applicable rate under subsection (b).
(b) Rates; Maximum.— 
The Secretary concerned shall prescribe the monthly rates for special pay applicable to members of each armed force under the Secretarys jurisdiction. No monthly rate may exceed $750.
(c) Premium.— 
A member of a uniformed service entitled to career sea pay under this section who has served 36 consecutive months of sea duty is also entitled to a career sea pay premium for the thirty-seventh consecutive month and each subsequent consecutive month of sea duty served by such member. The monthly amount of the premium shall be prescribed by the Secretary concerned, but may not exceed $350.
(d) Regulations.— 
The Secretary concerned shall prescribe regulations for the administration of this section for the armed force or armed forces under the jurisdiction of the Secretary. The entitlements under this section shall be subject to the regulations.
(e) Definition of Sea Duty.— 

(1) In this section, the term sea duty means duty performed by a member
(A) while permanently or temporarily assigned to a ship and
(i) while serving on a ship the primary mission of which is accomplished while under way;
(ii) while serving as a member of the off-crew of a two-crewed submarine; or
(iii) while serving as a member of a tender-class ship (with the hull classification of submarine or destroyer); or
(B) while permanently or temporarily assigned to a ship and while serving on a ship the primary mission of which is normally accomplished while in port, but only during a period that the ship is away from its homeport.
(2) The Secretary concerned may designate duty performed by a member while serving on a ship the primary mission of which is accomplished either while under way or in port as sea duty for purposes of this section, even though the duty is performed while the member is permanently or temporarily assigned to a ship-based staff or other unit not covered by paragraph (1).
(3) For the purpose of determining the years of sea duty with which a member may be credited for purposes of this section, the term sea duty also includes duty performed after December 31, 1988, by a member while permanently or temporarily assigned to a ship or ship-based staff and while serving on a ship on which the member would be entitled, during a period that the ship is away from its homeport, to receive sea pay by reason of paragraph (1)(B).
(4) A ship shall be considered to be away from its homeport for purposes of this subsection when it is
(A) at sea; or
(B) in a port that is more than 50 miles from its homeport.

37 USC 305b - Special pay: service as member of Weapons of Mass Destruction Civil Support Team

(a) Special Pay Authorized.— 
The Secretary of a military department may pay special pay under this subsection to members of an armed force under the jurisdiction of the Secretary who are entitled to basic pay under section 204 and are assigned by orders to duty as members of a Weapons of Mass Destruction Civil Support Team if the Secretary determines that the payment of such special pay is needed to address recruitment or retention concerns in that armed force.
(b) Monthly Rate.— 
The monthly rate of special pay under subsection (a) may not exceed $150.
(c) Inclusion of Reserve Component Members Performing Inactive Duty Training.— 

(1) To the extent funds are made available to carry out this subsection, the Secretary of a military department may pay the special pay under subsection (a) to members of a reserve component of the armed forces who are entitled to compensation under section 206 of this title and who perform duty under orders as members of a Weapons of Mass Destruction Civil Support Team.
(2) The amount of the special pay for a member referred to in paragraph (1) shall be equal to 1/30 of the monthly special pay rate in effect under subsection (b) for each day on which the member performs duty under orders as members of a Weapons of Mass Destruction Civil Support Team.
(d) Regulations.— 
Special pay under this section shall be provided in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense.
(e) Definition.— 
In this section, the term Weapons of Mass Destruction Civil Support Team means a team of members of the reserve components of the armed forces that is established under section 12310 (c) of title 10 in support of emergency preparedness programs to prepare for or to respond to any emergency involving the use of a weapon of mass destruction.

37 USC 306 - Special pay: officers holding positions of unusual responsibility and of critical nature

(a) 
(1) The Secretary concerned may designate positions of unusual responsibility which are of a critical nature to an armed force under his jurisdiction and may pay special pay, in addition to other pay prescribed by law, to an officer of an armed force described in paragraph (2) who is performing the duties of such a position, at the following monthly rates:
(2) An officer of the armed forces referred to in paragraph (1) is an officer who is entitled to the basic pay under section 204 of this title, or the compensation under section 206 of this title, of pay grade O6 or below.
(b) If an officer entitled to compensation under section 206 of this title is paid special pay under subsection (a) for the performance of duties in a position designated under such subsection, the special pay shall be paid at the rate of 1/30 of the monthly rate authorized by such subsection for each day of the performance of duties in the designated position.
(c) The Secretary concerned shall prescribe the criteria and circumstances under which officers of an armed force under his jurisdiction are eligible for special pay under this section and, when he considers it necessary, may abolish that special pay.
(d) 
(1) Not more than 5 percent of the number of officers on active duty (other than for training or mobilization in support of a contingency operation) in an armed force in each of the pay grades O3 and below, and not more than 10 percent of the number of officers on active duty in an armed force in pay grade O4, O5, or O6, may be paid special pay under this section.
(2) Of the number of officers in the Selected Reserve of the Ready Reserve of an armed force who are not on active duty (other than for training or mobilization in support of a contingency operation), not more than 5 percent of the number of such officers in each of the pay grades O3 and below, and not more than 10 percent of the number of such officers in pay grade O4, O5, or O6, may be paid special pay under subsection (b).
(e) This section shall be administered under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense for the armed forces under his jurisdiction, and by the Secretary of Homeland Security for the Coast Guard when the Coast Guard is not operating as a service in the Navy.
(f) This section does not apply to a person who is entitled to special pay under section 302, 302a, 302b, or 303 of this title.

37 USC 306a - Special pay: members assigned to international military headquarters

Not more than nine members of the armed forces, including members detailed to international military headquarters, may be paid pay and allowances at rates referred to in section 625(d) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2385 (d)).

37 USC 307 - Special pay: special duty assignment pay for enlisted members

(a) An enlisted member who is entitled to basic pay and is performing duties which have been designated under subsection (b) as extremely difficult or as involving an unusual degree of responsibility in a military skill may, in addition to other pay or allowances to which he is entitled, be paid special duty assignment pay at a monthly rate not to exceed $600.
(b) The Secretary concerned shall determine which enlisted members under his jurisdiction are to be paid special duty assignment pay under subsection (a). He shall also designate those skills within each armed force under his jurisdiction for which special duty assignment pay is authorized and shall prescribe the criteria under which members of that armed force are eligible for special duty assignment pay in each skill. He may increase, decrease, or abolish such pay for any skill.
(c) This section shall be administered under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense for the armed forces under his jurisdiction and by the Secretary of Homeland Security for the Coast Guard when the Coast Guard is not operating as a service in the Navy.
(d) 
(1) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned and to the extent provided for by appropriations, when an enlisted member of the National Guard or a reserve component of a uniformed service who is entitled to compensation under section 206 of this title performs duty for which a member described in subsection (a) is entitled to special pay under such subsection, the member of the National Guard or reserve component is entitled to an increase in compensation equal to 1/30 of the monthly special duty assignment pay prescribed by the Secretary concerned for the performance of that same duty by members described in subsection (a).
(2) A member of the National Guard or a reserve component entitled to an increase in compensation under paragraph (1) is entitled to the increase
(A) for each regular period of instruction, or period of appropriate duty, at which the member is engaged for at least two hours, including that performed on a Sunday or holiday; or
(B) for the performance of such other equivalent training, instruction, duty, or appropriate duties, as the Secretary may prescribe under section 206 (a) of this title.
(3) This subsection does not apply to a member of the National Guard or a reserve component who is entitled to basic pay under section 204 of this title.

37 USC 307a - Special pay: assignment incentive pay

(a) Authority.— 
The Secretary concerned may pay incentive pay under this section to a member of a uniformed service who performs service, while entitled to basic pay, in an assignment designated by the Secretary concerned. Incentive pay payable under this section may be paid on a monthly basis, in a lump sum, or in installments.
(b) Written Agreement.— 

(1) The Secretary concerned may require a member performing service in an assignment designated under subsection (a) to enter into a written agreement with the Secretary in order to qualify for the payment of incentive pay on a monthly basis under this section. The written agreement shall specify the period for which the incentive pay will be paid to the member and, subject to subsection (c), the monthly rate of the incentive pay.
(2) The Secretary concerned shall require a member performing service in an assignment designated under subsection (a) to enter into a written agreement with the Secretary in order to qualify for the payment of incentive pay on a lump sum or installment basis under this section. The written agreement shall specify the period for which the incentive pay will be paid to the member and, subject to subsection (c), the amount of the lump sum, or each installment, of the incentive pay.
(c) Maximum Rate or Amount.— 

(1) The maximum monthly rate of incentive pay payable to a member on a monthly basis under this section is $3,000.
(2) The amount of the lump sum payment of incentive pay payable to a member on a lump sum basis under this section may not exceed an amount equal to the product of
(A) the maximum monthly rate authorized under paragraph (1) at the time of the written agreement of the member under subsection (b)(2); and
(B) the number of months in the period for which incentive pay will be paid pursuant to the agreement.
(3) The amount of each installment payment of incentive pay payable to a member on an installment basis under this section shall be the amount equal to
(A) the product of
(i)  a monthly rate specified in the written agreement of the member under subsection (b)(2) (which monthly rate may not exceed the maximum monthly rate authorized under paragraph (1) at the time of the written agreement), and
(ii)  the number of months in the period for which incentive pay will be paid; divided by
(B) the number of installments over such period.
(4) If a member extends an assignment specified in an agreement with the Secretary under subsection (b), incentive pay for the period of the extension may be paid under this section on a monthly basis, in a lump sum, or in installments in accordance with this section.
(d) Repayment.— 
A member who enters into an agreement under this section and receives incentive pay under the agreement in a lump sum or installments, but who fails to complete the period of service covered by the payment, whether voluntarily or because of misconduct, shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(e) Relationship to Other Pay and Allowances.— 
Incentive pay paid to a member under this section is in addition to any other pay and allowances to which the member is entitled.
(f) Status Not Affected by Temporary Duty or Leave.— 
The service of a member in an assignment referred to in subsection (a) shall not be considered discontinued during any period that the member is not performing service in the assignment by reason of
(1) temporary duty performed by the member pursuant to orders; or
(2) absence of the member for authorized leave, other than leave authorized for a period ending upon the discharge of the member or the release of the member from active duty.
(g) Termination of Authority.— 
No agreement under this section may be entered into after December 31, 2008.

37 USC 308 - Special pay: reenlistment bonus

(a) 
(1) The Secretary concerned may pay a bonus under paragraph (2) to a member of a uniformed service who
(A) has completed at least 17 months of continuous active duty (other than for training) but not more than 20 years of active duty;
(B) is qualified in a military skill designated as critical by the Secretary of Defense, or by the Secretary of Homeland Security with respect to the Coast Guard when it is not operating as service in the Navy; and
(C) reenlists or voluntarily extends the members enlistment for a period of at least three years
(i) in a regular component of the service concerned; or
(ii) in a reserve component of the service concerned, if the member is performing active Guard and Reserve duty (as defined in section 101 (d)(6) of title 10).
(2) The bonus to be paid under paragraph (1) may not exceed the lesser of the following amounts:
(A) The amount equal to the product of
(i) 15 times the monthly rate of basic pay to which the member was entitled at the time of the discharge or release of the member; and
(ii) the number of years (or the monthly fractions thereof) of the term of reenlistment or extension of enlistment, not to exceed six.
(B) $90,000.
(3) Any portion of a term of reenlistment or extension of enlistment of a member that, when added to the total years of service of the member at the time of discharge or release, exceeds 24 years may not be used in computing a bonus under paragraph (2)(A).
(4) Notwithstanding paragraph (1)(B), a member who agrees to train and reenlist for service in a military skill which, at the time of that agreement, is designated as critical, may be paid the bonus approved for that skill, at the rate in effect at the time of agreement, upon completion of training and qualification in that skill, if otherwise qualified under this subsection and even if that skill is no longer designated as critical at the time the member becomes eligible for payment of the bonus.
(5) The Secretary of Defense may waive the eligibility requirement in paragraph (1)(B) in the case of a reenlistment or voluntary extension of enlistment by a member of the armed forces that is entered into as described in this subsection while the member is serving on active duty in Afghanistan, Iraq, or Kuwait in support of Operation Enduring Freedom or Operation Iraqi Freedom.
(b) Bonus payments authorized under this section may be paid in either a lump sum or in installments. If the bonus is paid in installments, the initial payment shall be not less than 50 percent of the total bonus amount.
(c) For the purpose of computing the reenlistment bonus in the case of an officer with prior enlisted service who may be entitled to a bonus under subsection (a), the monthly basic pay of the grade in which he is enlisted, computed in accordance with his years of service computed under section 205 of this title, shall be used instead of the monthly basic pay to which he was entitled at the time of his release from active duty as an officer.
(d) A member who does not complete the term of enlistment for which a bonus was paid to the member under this section, or a member who is not technically qualified in the skill for which a bonus was paid to the member under this section, shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(e) For the purposes of determining the eligibility of a member for a bonus under this section and of computing the amount of that bonus
(1) any period of enlistment (including any extension of an enlistment)
(A)  that is incurred by the member for the purpose of continuing to qualify for continuous submarine duty incentive pay under section 301c of this title, and
(B)  for which no bonus is otherwise payable; or
(2) any unserved period of two years or less of an extension of an enlistment for which no bonus has been paid or for which no bonus is otherwise payable under this section,

may, under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, be considered as part of an immediately subsequent term of reenlistment (or as part of an immediately subsequent voluntary extension of an enlistment).

(f) This section shall be administered under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense for the armed forces under his jurisdiction, and by the Secretary of Homeland Security with respect to the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy.
(g) No bonus shall be paid under this section with respect to any reenlistment, or voluntary extension of an active-duty enlistment, in the armed forces entered into after December 31, 2007.

37 USC 308a - Repealed. Pub. L. 106398, 1 [[div. A], title VI, 624(b)(1)], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A153]

Section, added Pub. L. 92–129, title II, § 203(a), Sept. 28, 1971, 85 Stat. 358; amended Pub. L. 93–64, title II, § 204, July 9, 1973, 87 Stat. 149; Pub. L. 93–277, § 2(2), May 10, 1974, 88 Stat. 120; Pub. L. 95–57, § 2, June 29, 1977, 91 Stat. 253; Pub. L. 95–485, title VIII, § 802(b), Oct. 20, 1978, 92 Stat. 1619; Pub. L. 96–342, title VIII, § 804(b), Sept. 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 1092; Pub. L. 97–60, title I, § 117(b), Oct. 14, 1981, 95 Stat. 996; Pub. L. 97–276, title I, § 131, Oct. 2, 1982, 96 Stat. 1197; Pub. L. 97–377, title I, § 101(c) [title VII, 798], Dec. 21, 1982, 96 Stat. 1833, 1865; Pub. L. 98–14, § 1, Mar. 30, 1983, 97 Stat. 55; Pub. L. 98–525, title VI, § 621(a), Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2540; Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title VI, 626(a), Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1104; Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title VI, 612(a), Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1445; Pub. L. 102–484, div. A, title VI, 612(b), Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2421; Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title VI, 613(c), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1681; Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title VI, 613(c), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2783; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title VI, 613(c), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 359; Pub. L. 104–201, div. A, title VI, 613(c), Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2544; Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title VI, 613(c), Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1786; Pub. L. 105–261, div. A, title VI, 613(c), Oct. 17, 1998, 112 Stat. 2039; Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title VI, 613(c), 619 (a)(c), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 650, 652, 653, related to enlistment bonuses.

37 USC 308b - Special pay: reenlistment bonus for members of the Selected Reserve

(a) Authority and Eligibility Requirements.— 
The Secretary concerned may pay a bonus under subsection (b) to an enlisted member of a reserve component who
(1) has completed not more than 20 years of total military service; and
(2) reenlists or voluntarily extends his enlistment for a period of three years or for a period of six years in a designated military skill, or in a designated unit, as determined by the Secretary concerned, in the Selected Reserve of the Ready Reserve of an armed force.
(b) Bonus Amounts; Payment.— 

(1) The amount of a bonus under this section may not exceed
(A) $15,000, in the case of a member who reenlists or extends an enlistment for a period of six years;
(B) $7,500, in the case of a member who, having never received a bonus under this section, reenlists or extends an enlistment for a period of three years; and
(C) $6,000, in the case of a member who, having received a bonus under this section for a previous three-year reenlistment or extension of an enlistment, reenlists or extends the enlistment for an additional period of three years.
(2) Bonus payments authorized under this section may be paid in either a lump sum or in installments. If the bonus is paid in installments, the initial payment shall be not less than 50 percent of the total bonus amount. The Secretary concerned shall prescribe the amount of each subsequent installment payment and the schedule for making the installment payments.
(3) Any portion of a term of reenlistment or extension of enlistment of a member that, when added to the total years of service of the member at the time of discharge or release, exceeds 24 years may not be used in computing the total bonus amount under paragraph (1).
(c) Condition on Eligibility.— 

(1) To be eligible for a second bonus under this section in the amount specified in subsection (b)(1)(C), a member must
(A) enter into the subsequent reenlistment or extension of an enlistment for a period of three years not later than the date on which the enlistment or extension for which the first bonus was paid would expire; and
(B) still satisfy the designated skill or unit requirements required under subsection (a)(2).
(2) In the case of a reenlistment or voluntary extension of enlistment by a member of the armed forces that is entered into as described in subsection (a) while the member is serving on active duty in Afghanistan, Iraq, or Kuwait in support of Operation Enduring Freedom or Operation Iraqi Freedom, the Secretary concerned may waive so much of paragraph (1)(B) or subsection (a)(2) as requires that the skill or unit in which the member reenlists or extends an enlistment be a designated skill or designated unit determined by the Secretary concerned.
(d) Payment to Mobilized Members.— 
A member entitled to a bonus under this section who is called or ordered to active duty shall be paid, during that period of active duty, any amount of the bonus that becomes payable to the member during that period of active duty.
(e) Repayment.— 
A member who does not complete the term of enlistment in the element of the Selected Reserve for which the bonus was paid to the member under this section shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(f) Regulations.— 
This section shall be administered under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense for the armed forces under his jurisdiction and by the Secretary of Homeland Security for the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy.
(g) Termination of Authority.— 
No bonus may be paid under this section to any enlisted member who, after December 31, 2007, reenlists or voluntarily extends his enlistment in a reserve component.

37 USC 308c - Special pay: bonus for affiliation or enlistment in the Selected Reserve

(a) Affiliation Bonus Authorized.— 
The Secretary concerned may pay an affiliation bonus to an enlisted member of an armed force who
(1) has completed fewer than 20 years of military service; and
(2) executes a written agreement to serve in the Selected Reserve of the Ready Reserve of an armed force for a period of not less than three years in a skill, unit, or pay grade designated under subsection (b) after being discharged or released from active duty under honorable conditions.
(b) Designation of Skills, Units, and Pay Grades.— 
The Secretary concerned shall designate the skills, units, and pay grades for which an affiliation bonus may be paid under subsection (a). Any skill, unit, or pay grade so designated shall be a skill, unit, or pay grade for which there is a critical need for personnel in the Selected Reserve of the Ready Reserve of an armed force, as determined by the Secretary concerned. The Secretary concerned shall establish other requirements to ensure that members accepted for affiliation meet required performance and discipline standards.
(c) Accession Bonus Authorized.— 
The Secretary concerned may pay an accession bonus to a person who
(1) has not previously served in the armed forces; and
(2) executes a written agreement to serve as an enlisted member in the Selected Reserve of the Ready Reserve of an armed force for a period of not less than three years upon acceptance of the agreement by the Secretary concerned.
(d) Limitation on Amount of Bonus.— 
The amount of a bonus under subsection (a) or (c) may not exceed $20,000.
(e) Payment Method.— 
Upon acceptance of a written agreement by the Secretary concerned, the total amount of the bonus payable under the agreement becomes fixed. The agreement shall specify whether the bonus shall be paid by the Secretary concerned in a lump sum or in installments.
(f) Continued Entitlement to Bonus Payments.— 
A member entitled to a bonus under this section who is called or ordered to active duty shall be paid, during that period of active duty, any amount of the bonus that becomes payable to the member during that period of active duty.
(g) Repayment.— 
A person who enters into an agreement under subsection (a) or (c) and receives all or part of the bonus under the agreement, but who does not commence to serve in the Selected Reserve or does not satisfactorily participate in the Selected Reserve for the total period of service specified in the agreement, shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(h) Regulations.— 
This section shall be administered under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense for the armed forces under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of Defense and by the Secretary of Homeland Security for the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy.
(i) Termination of Bonus Authority.— 
No bonus may be paid under this section with respect to any agreement entered into under subsection (a) or (c) after December 31, 2007.

37 USC 308d - Special pay: members of the Selected Reserve assigned to certain high priority units

(a) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, or the Secretary of Homeland Security with respect to the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy, a member who is assigned to a high priority unit of the Selected Reserve of the Ready Reserve of an armed force, as designated under subsection (b), and who performs inactive duty for training for compensation under section 206 of this title with such unit may be paid compensation, in addition to the compensation to which the member is otherwise entitled, in an amount not to exceed $50 for each regular period of instruction, or period of appropriate duty, at which the member is engaged for at least four hours, including any such instruction or duty performed on a Sunday or holiday.
(b) The Secretary concerned may designate a unit, for the purposes of subsection (a) and under such terms and conditions as the Secretary considers appropriate, as a high priority unit if that unit has experienced, or reasonably might be expected to experience, critical personnel shortages. The Secretary may vacate a designation made under this subsection at any time he considers the designation no longer necessary.
(c) Additional compensation may not be paid under this section for inactive duty performed after December 31, 2007.

37 USC 308e - Repealed. Pub. L. 109163, div. A, title VI, 631(b), Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3299]

Section, added Pub. L. 96–342, title VIII, § 805(a)(1), Sept. 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 1093; amended Pub. L. 97–86, title V, § 505, Dec. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 1109; Pub. L. 99–145, title VI, § 645(a), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 654; Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title VI, 626(b), Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1104; Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title VI, 613, Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1446; Pub. L. 102–25, title VII, § 702(b)(1), (2), (c), Apr. 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 117; Pub. L. 102–484, div. A, title VI, 612(d), Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2421; Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title VI, 612(c), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1680; Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title VI, 611(c), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2782; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title VI, 611(c), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 359; Pub. L. 104–201, div. A, title VI, 611(e), Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2543; Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title VI, 611(e), 623, Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1785, 1793; Pub. L. 105–261, div. A, title VI, 611(e), Oct. 17, 1998, 112 Stat. 2038; Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title VI, 611(e), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 650; Pub. L. 106–398, § 1 [[div. A], title VI, 621(e)], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A151; Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title VI, 611(e), Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1135; Pub. L. 107–296, title XVII, § 1704(c), Nov. 25, 2002, 116 Stat. 2314; Pub. L. 107–314, div. A, title VI, 611(d), Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2567; Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title VI, 611(d), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1500; Pub. L. 108–375, div. A, title VI, 611(d), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 1946, related to payment of bonus for reserve affiliation agreement.

37 USC 308f - Repealed. Pub. L. 106398, 1 [[div. A], title VI, 624(b)(1)], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A153]

Section, added Pub. L. 97–60, title I, § 117(c)(1), Oct. 14, 1981, 95 Stat. 996; amended Pub. L. 98–14, § 2, Mar. 30, 1983, 97 Stat. 55; Pub. L. 98–525, title VI, § 621(a), Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2540; Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title VI, 626(a), Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1104; Pub. L. 102–25, title VII, § 702(b)(2), Apr. 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 117; Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title VI, 613(e), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1681; Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title VI, 613(c), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2783; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title VI, 613(c), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 359; Pub. L. 104–201, div. A, title VI, 613(c), Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2544; Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title VI, 613(c), Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1786; Pub. L. 105–261, div. A, title VI, 613(c), 620, Oct. 17, 1998, 112 Stat. 2039, 2042; Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title VI, 613(d), 622 (a), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 650, 653, related to bonus for enlistment in the Army.

37 USC 308g - Special pay: bonus for enlistment in elements of the Ready Reserve other than the Selected Reserve

(a) An eligible person who enlists in a combat or combat support skill of an element (other than the Selected Reserve) of the Ready Reserve of an armed force for a term of enlistment of not less than six years, and who has not previously served in an armed force, may be paid a bonus as provided in subsection (b).
(b) Eligibility for and the amount and method of payment of a bonus under this section shall be determined in accordance with regulations prescribed under subsection (g), except that the amount of such a bonus may not exceed $3,000. A person entitled to a bonus under this section who is called or ordered to active duty shall be paid, during that period of active duty, any amount of the bonus that becomes payable to the member during that period of active duty.
(c) A bonus may not be paid under this section for a term of enlistment to any person who fails to complete satisfactorily initial active duty for training or who, upon completion of initial active duty for training, elects to serve the remainder of the term of enlistment in the Selected Reserve or in an active component of an armed force.
(d) A person who does not serve satisfactorily in the element of the Ready Reserve in the combat or combat support skill for the period for which the bonus was paid under this section shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(e) This section shall be administered under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense for the armed forces under his jurisdiction and by the Secretary of Homeland Security for the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy.
(f) A bonus may not be paid under this section to any person for an enlistment
(1) during the period beginning on October 1, 1992, and ending on September 30, 2005; or
(2) after December 31, 2007.

37 USC 308h - Special pay: bonus for reenlistment, enlistment, or voluntary extension of enlistment in elements of the Ready Reserve other than the Selected Reserve

(a) Authority and Eligibility Requirements.— 

(1) The Secretary concerned may pay a bonus as provided in subsection (b) to an eligible person who reenlists, enlists, or voluntarily extends an enlistment in a reserve component of an armed force for assignment to an element (other than the Selected Reserve) of the Ready Reserve of that armed force if the reenlistment, enlistment, or extension is for a period of three years, or for a period of six years, beyond any other period the person is obligated to serve.
(2) A person is eligible for a bonus under this section if the person
(A) is or has been a member of an armed force;
(B) is qualified in a skill or specialty designated by the Secretary concerned as a critically short wartime skill or critically short wartime specialty; and
(C) has not failed to complete satisfactorily any original term of enlistment in the armed forces.
(3) For the purposes of this section, the Secretary concerned may designate a skill or specialty as a critically short wartime skill or critically short wartime specialty for an armed force under the jurisdiction of the Secretary if the Secretary determines that
(A) the skill or specialty is critical to meet wartime requirements of the armed force; and
(B) there is a critical shortage of personnel in that armed force who are qualified in that skill or specialty.
(4) The Secretary concerned may waive the eligibility requirement in paragraph (2)(B) in the case of a reenlistment or voluntary extension of enlistment by a member of the armed forces that is entered into as described in this subsection while the member is serving on active duty in Afghanistan, Iraq, or Kuwait in support of Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom.
(b) Bonus Amounts; Payment.— 

(1) Eligibility for and the amount and method of payment of a bonus under this section shall be determined under regulations to be prescribed under subsection (f).
(2) The amount of a bonus under this section
(A) may not exceed $3,000, in the case of a person who enlists for a period of six years; and
(B) may not exceed $1,500 in the case of a person who enlists for a period of three years.
(3) A bonus paid under this section shall be paid as follows:
(A) In the case of a bonus under paragraph (2)(A)
(i) $500 shall be paid at the time of the reenlistment, enlistment, or extension of enlistment for which the bonus is paid; and
(ii) the remainder shall be paid in equal annual increments.
(B) In the case of a bonus under paragraph (2)(B), the amount of the bonus shall be paid in equal annual increments.
(4) A person entitled to a bonus under this section who is called or ordered to active duty shall be paid, during that period of active duty, any amount of the bonus that becomes payable to the member during that period of active duty.
(c) Repayment.— 
A person who does not complete the period of enlistment or extension of enlistment for which the bonus was paid under this section shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(d) Regulations.— 

(1) This section shall be administered under regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary of Defense for the armed forces under his jurisdiction and by the Secretary of Homeland Security for the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy.
(2) Regulations under this section may require that as a condition of receiving a bonus under this section the person receiving the bonus agree to participate in an annual muster of the Reserves, or in active duty for training, as may be required by the Secretary concerned.
(e) Termination of Authority.— 
A bonus may not be paid under this section to any person for a reenlistment, enlistment, or voluntary extension of an enlistment after December 31, 2007.

37 USC 308i - Special pay: prior service enlistment bonus

(a) Authority and Eligibility Requirements.— 

(1) A person who is a former enlisted member of an armed force who enlists in the Selected Reserve of the Ready Reserve of an armed force for a period of three or six years in a critical military skill designated for such a bonus by the Secretary concerned and who meets the requirements of paragraph (2) may be paid a bonus as prescribed in subsection (b).
(2) A bonus may only be paid under this section to a person who meets each of the following requirements:
(A) The person has not more than 16 years of total military service and received an honorable discharge at the conclusion of all prior periods of service.
(B) The person was not released, or is not being released, from active service for the purpose of enlistment in a reserve component.
(C) The person is projected to occupy, or is occupying, a position as a member of the Selected Reserve in a specialty in which the person
(i) successfully served while a member on active duty and attained a level of qualification while on active duty commensurate with the grade and years of service of the member; or
(ii) has completed training or retraining in the specialty skill that is designated as critically short and attained a level of qualification in the specialty skill that is commensurate with the grade and years of service of the member.
(b) Bonus Amounts; Payment.— 

(1) The amount of a bonus under this section may not exceed
(A) $15,000, in the case of a person who enlists for a period of six years;
(B) $7,500, in the case of a person who, having never received a bonus under this section, enlists for a period of three years; and
(C) $6,000, in the case of a person who, having received a bonus under this section for a previous three-year enlistment, reenlists or extends the enlistment for an additional period of three years.
(2) Any bonus payable under this section shall be disbursed in one initial payment of an amount not to exceed one-half of the total amount of the bonus and subsequent periodic partial payments of the balance of the bonus. The Secretary concerned shall prescribe the amount of each partial payment and the schedule for making the partial payments.
(3) A person entitled to a bonus under this section who is called or ordered to active duty shall be paid, during that period of active duty, any amount of the bonus that becomes payable to the member during that period of active duty.
(c) Condition on Eligibility; Limitation on Number of Bonuses.— 

(1) To be eligible for a second bonus under this section in the amount specified in subsection (b)(1)(C), a person must
(A) enter into a reenlistment or extension of an enlistment for a period of three years not later than the date on which the enlistment for which the first bonus was paid would expire; and
(B) still satisfy the eligibility requirements under subsection (a).
(2) A person may not be paid more than one six-year bonus or two three-year bonuses under this section.
(d) Repayment.— 
A person who receives a bonus payment under this section and who, during the period for which the bonus was paid, does not serve satisfactorily in the element of the Selected Reserve with respect to which the bonus was paid shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(e) Regulations.— 
This section shall be administered under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense for the armed forces under his jurisdiction and by the Secretary of Homeland Security for the Coast Guard when the Coast Guard is not operating as a service in the Navy.
(f) Termination of Authority.— 
No bonus may be paid under this section to any person for an enlistment after December 31, 2007.

37 USC 308j - Special pay: affiliation bonus for officers in the Selected Reserve

(a) Affiliation Bonus.— 

(1) The Secretary concerned may pay an affiliation bonus under this section to an eligible officer in any of the armed forces who enters into an agreement with the Secretary to serve, for the period specified in the agreement, in the Selected Reserve of the Ready Reserve of an armed force under the Secretarys jurisdiction
(A) in a critical officer skill designated under paragraph (3); or
(B) to meet a manpower shortage in
(i) a unit of that Selected Reserve; or
(ii) a particular pay grade in that armed force.
(2) An officer is eligible for an affiliation bonus under this section if the officer
(A) either
(i) is serving on active duty for a period of more than 30 days; or
(ii) is a member of a reserve component not on active duty and, if the member formerly served on active duty, was released from active duty under honorable conditions; and
(B) is not entitled to receive retired or retainer pay.
(3) 
(A) The Secretary concerned shall designate for an armed force under the Secretarys jurisdiction the critical officer skills to which the bonus authority under this subsection is to be applied.
(B) A skill may be designated as a critical officer skill for an armed force under subparagraph (A) if, to meet requirements of that armed force, it is critical for that armed force to have a sufficient number of officers who are qualified in that skill.
(4) An affiliation bonus payable pursuant to an agreement under this section to an eligible officer accrues on the date on which the person is assigned to a unit or position in the Selected Reserve pursuant to such agreement.
(b) Accession Bonus.— 

(1) The Secretary concerned may pay an accession bonus under this section to an eligible person who enters into an agreement with the Secretary
(A) to accept an appointment as an officer in the armed forces; and
(B) to serve in the Selected Reserve of the Ready Reserve in a skill designated under paragraph (2) for a period specified in the agreement.
(2) 
(A) The Secretary concerned shall designate for an armed force under the Secretarys jurisdiction the officer skills to which the authority under this subsection is to be applied.
(B) A skill may be designated for an armed force under subparagraph (A) if, to mitigate a current or projected significant shortage of personnel in that armed force who are qualified in that skill, it is critical to increase the number of persons accessed into that armed force who are qualified in that skill or are to be trained in that skill.
(3) An accession bonus payable to a person pursuant to an agreement under this section accrues on the date on which that agreement is accepted by the Secretary concerned.
(c) Period of Obligated Service.— 
An agreement entered into with the Secretary concerned under this section shall require the person entering into that agreement to serve in the Selected Reserve for a specified period. The period specified in the agreement shall be any period not less than three years that the Secretary concerned determines appropriate to meet the needs of the reserve component in which the service is to be performed.
(d) Amount.— 
The amount of a bonus under this section may be any amount not in excess of $10,000 that the Secretary concerned determines appropriate.
(e) Payment.— 

(1) Upon acceptance of a written agreement by the Secretary concerned under this section, the total amount of the bonus payable under the agreement becomes fixed. The agreement shall specify whether the bonus is to be paid in one lump sum or in installments.
(2) A person entitled to a bonus under this section who is called or ordered to active duty shall be paid, during that period of active duty, any amount of the bonus that becomes payable to the member during that period of active duty.
(f) Relation to Other Accession Bonus Authority.— 
A person may not receive an affiliation bonus or accession bonus under this section and financial assistance under chapter 1608, 1609, or 1611 of title 10, or under section 302g of this title, for the same period of service.
(g) Repayment.— 
A person who enters into an agreement under this section and receives all or part of the bonus under the agreement, but who does not accept a commission or an appointment as an officer or does not commence to participate or does not satisfactorily participate in the Selected Reserve for the total period of service specified in the agreement, shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.

37 USC 309 - Special pay: enlistment bonus

(a) Bonus Authorized; Bonus Amount.— 
A person who enlists in an armed force for a period of at least 2 years may be paid a bonus in an amount not to exceed $40,000. The bonus may be paid in a single lump sum or in periodic installments.
(b) Repayment.— 
A member who does not complete the term of enlistment for which a bonus was paid to the member under this section, or a member who is not technically qualified in the skill for which a bonus was paid to the member under this section, shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(c) Relation to Prohibition on Bounties.— 
The enlistment bonus authorized by this section is not a bounty for purposes of section 514 (a) of title 10.
(d) Regulations.— 
This section shall be administered under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense for the armed forces under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of Defense and by the Secretary of Homeland Security for the Coast Guard when the Coast Guard is not operating as a service in the Navy.
(e) Duration of Authority.— 
No bonus shall be paid under this section with respect to any enlistment in the armed forces made after December 31, 2007.

37 USC 310 - Special pay: duty subject to hostile fire or imminent danger

(a) Eligibility and Special Pay Amount.— 
Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, a member of a uniformed service may be paid special pay at the rate of $225 for any month in which
(1) the member was entitled to basic pay or compensation under section 204 or 206 of this title; and
(2) the member
(A) was subject to hostile fire or explosion of hostile mines;
(B) was on duty in an area in which the member was in imminent danger of being exposed to hostile fire or explosion of hostile mines and in which, during the period the member was on duty in the area, other members of the uniformed services were subject to hostile fire or explosion of hostile mines;
(C) was killed, injured, or wounded by hostile fire, explosion of a hostile mine, or any other hostile action; or
(D) was on duty in a foreign area in which the member was subject to the threat of physical harm or imminent danger on the basis of civil insurrection, civil war, terrorism, or wartime conditions.
(b) Continuation During Hospitalization.— 

(1) A member described in paragraph (2) may be paid special pay under this section for not more than three additional months during which the member is hospitalized as described in such paragraph.
(2) Paragraph (1) applies with respect to a member who
(A) is injured or wounded under the circumstances described in subsection (a)(2)(C) and is hospitalized for the treatment of the injury or wound; or
(B) while in the line of duty, incurs a wound, injury, or illness in a combat operation or combat zone designated by the Secretary of Defense and is hospitalized outside of the theater of the combat operation or the combat zone for the treatment of the wound, injury, or illness.
(c) Limitations and Administration.— 

(1) In the case of an area described in subparagraph (B) or (D) of subsection (a)(2), the Secretary of Defense shall be responsible for designating the period during which duty in the area will qualify members for special pay under this section. The effective date designated for the commencement of such a period may be a date occurring before, on, or after the actual date on which the Secretary makes the designation. If the commencement date for such a period is a date occurring before the date on which the Secretary makes the designation, the payment of special pay under this section for the period between the commencement date and the date on which the Secretary makes the designation shall be subject to the availability of appropriated funds for that purpose.
(2) A member may not be paid more than one special pay under this section for any month. A member may be paid special pay under this section in addition to any other pay and allowances to which he may be entitled.
(3) A member of a reserve component who is eligible for special pay under this section for a month shall receive the full amount authorized in subsection (a) for that month regardless of the number of days during that month on which the member satisfies the eligibility criteria specified in such subsection.
(d) Determinations of Fact.— 
Any determination of fact that is made in administering this section is conclusive. Such a determination may not be reviewed by any other officer or agency of the United States unless there has been fraud or gross negligence. However, the determination may be changed on the basis of new evidence or for other good cause.

37 USC 311 - Repealed. Pub. L. 99145, title VI, 639(b), Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 651]

Section, added Pub. L. 90–207, § 1(2)(A), Dec. 16, 1967, 81 Stat. 651; amended Pub. L. 90–603, § 1, Oct. 18, 1968, 82 Stat. 1187; Pub. L. 90–623, § 3(5), Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1314; Pub. L. 93–274, § 1(3), May 6, 1974, 88 Stat. 95; Pub. L. 93–394, § 1, Aug. 29, 1974, 88 Stat. 792; Pub. L. 96–284, § 4(d)(1)(3), June 28, 1980, 94 Stat. 591, 592; Pub. L. 96–513, title IV, § 414(b), title V, 516(7), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2906, 2938, provided for continuation pay for dentists in the armed forces. See section 302b of this title.

37 USC 312 - Special pay: nuclear-qualified officers extending period of active service

(a) Special Pay Authorized; Eligibility.— 
Under regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary of the Navy, the Secretary may pay special pay under subsection (b) to an officer of the naval service who
(1) is entitled to basic pay;
(2) has the current technical qualification for duty in connection with supervision, operation, and maintenance of naval nuclear propulsion plants; and
(3) executes a written agreement to remain on active duty in connection with supervision, operation, and maintenance of naval nuclear propulsion plants for a period of three, four, or five years, so long as the new period of obligated active service does not extend beyond the end of 26 years of commissioned service, in addition to any other period of obligated active service.
(b) Payment Amount; Payment Options.— 

(1) The total amount paid to an officer under an agreement under subsection (a) or (e)(1) may not exceed $30,000 for each year of the active-service agreement. Amounts paid under the agreement are in addition to all other compensation to which the officer is entitled.
(2) The Secretary shall determine annually the necessity for continuance of the special pay and the rate of special pay per year for such active-service agreements accepted within each 12-month period.
(3) Upon acceptance of an agreement under subsection (a) or (e)(1) by the Secretary, the total amount payable shall be paid in a single lump-sum or in annual installments of equal or different amounts over the length of the contract, commencing at the expiration of any existing period of obligated active service.
(4) The Secretary may accept an active service agreement under this section not more than one year in advance of the end of an officers existing period of obligated active service under such an agreement. In such a case, the amount of the special pay may be paid commencing with the date of acceptance of the agreement, and, if the special pay will be paid in annual installments, the number of installments may not exceed the number of years covered by the agreement plus one.
(c) Repayment.— 
An officer who does not complete the period of active duty in connection with the supervision, operation, and maintenance of naval nuclear propulsion plants that the officer agreed to serve, and for which a payment was made under subsection (b) or (e)(1), shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(d) Relation to Service Obligation.— 
Nothing in this section shall alter or modify the obligation of a regular officer to perform active service at the pleasure of the President. Completion of the additional period of active service under this section shall in no way obligate the President to accept a resignation submitted by a regular officer.
(e) New Agreement.— 

(1) An officer who is performing obligated service under an agreement under subsection (a) may, if the amount that may be paid under subsection (b) is higher than at the time the officer executed such agreement, execute a new agreement under this subsection. The period of such an agreement shall be a period equal to or exceeding the original period of the officers existing agreement, so long as the period of obligated active service under the new agreement does not extend beyond the end of 26 years of commissioned service. If a new agreement is executed under this subsection, the existing active-service agreement shall be cancelled, effective on the day before an anniversary date of that agreement after the date on which the amount that may be paid under this section is increased.
(2) This subsection shall be carried out under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Navy.
(f) Duration of Authority.— 
The provisions of this section shall be effective only in the case of officers who, on or before December 31, 2007, execute the required written agreement to remain in active service.

37 USC 312a - Repealed. Pub. L. 109163, div. A, title VI, 629(d)(1), Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3297]

Section, added Pub. L. 92–581, § 1(3), Oct. 27, 1972, 86 Stat. 1277; amended Pub. L. 97–295, § 3(3), Oct. 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 1303; Pub. L. 102–25, title VII, § 702(b)(1), (c), Apr. 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 117, related to special pay for nuclear-trained and qualified enlisted members.

37 USC 312b - Special pay: nuclear career accession bonus

(a) 
(1) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Navy, an individual who is selected for officer naval nuclear power training and who executes a written agreement to participate in a program of training for duty in connection with the supervision, operation, and maintenance of naval nuclear propulsion plants may be paid a bonus not to exceed $30,000 upon acceptance by the Secretary of the written agreement. Upon acceptance of the agreement by the Secretary, the amounts payable upon selection for training and upon completion of training, respectively, as determined under subsection (b), shall become fixed.
(2) An officer who does not commence or complete satisfactorily the nuclear power training specified in the agreement under paragraph (1) shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(b) The Secretary of the Navy shall determine annually the total amount of the bonus to be paid under this section and of that amount the portions that are to be paid
(1) upon selection for officer naval nuclear power training; and
(2) upon successful completion, as a commissioned officer, of training for duty in connection with the supervision, operation, and maintenance of naval nuclear propulsion plants.
(c) The provisions of this section shall be effective only in the case of officers who, on or before December 31, 2007, have been accepted for training for duty in connection with the supervision, operation, and maintenance of naval nuclear propulsion plants.

37 USC 312c - Special pay: nuclear career annual incentive bonus

(a) 
(1) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Navy, an officer of the naval service who
(A) is entitled to basic pay;
(B) is not above the pay grade O6;
(C) has completed his initial obligated active service as an officer;
(D) has, as a commissioned officer, successfully completed training for duty in connection with the supervision, operation, and maintenance of naval nuclear propulsion plants; and
(E) has the current technical qualifications for duty in connection with the supervision, operation, and maintenance of naval nuclear propulsion plants;

may, in addition to all other compensation to which he is entitled, be paid an annual bonus in an amount not to exceed $22,000 for each nuclear service year.

(2) In order to be eligible for an annual bonus for any nuclear service year in accordance with this subsection, an otherwise technically qualified officer must have been on active duty on the last day of that nuclear service year.
(3) The amount of the annual bonus to which an officer would otherwise be entitled for a nuclear service year in accordance with this subsection shall be reduced on a pro rata basis for each day of that nuclear service year on which he
(A) was not on active duty;
(B) was not technically qualified for duty in connection with the supervision, operation, and maintenance of naval nuclear propulsion plants;
(C) was performing obligated service as the result of an active-service agreement executed under section 312 of this title; or
(D) was entitled to receive aviation career incentive pay in accordance with section 301a while serving in a billet other than a billet that required the officer
(i) be technically qualified for duty in connection with the supervision, operation, and maintenance of naval nuclear propulsion plants; and
(ii) be qualified for the performance of operational flying duties.
(b) 
(1) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Navy, an officer of the naval service who
(A) is entitled to basic pay;
(B) is not above the pay grade O6;
(C) has, as an enlisted member, received training for duty in connection with the supervision, operation, and maintenance of naval nuclear propulsion plants; and
(D) has the current technical qualifications for duty in connection with the supervision, operation, and maintenance of naval nuclear propulsion plants;

may, in addition to all other compensation to which he is entitled, be paid an annual bonus in an amount not to exceed $14,000 for each nuclear service year.

(2) In order to be eligible for an annual bonus for any nuclear service year in accordance with this subsection, an otherwise technically qualified officer must have been on active duty on the last day of that nuclear service year.
(3) The amount of the annual bonus to which an officer would otherwise be entitled in accordance with this subsection shall be reduced on a pro rata basis for each day of that nuclear service year on which he
(A) was not in an assignment involving the direct supervision, operation, or maintenance of naval nuclear propulsion plants;
(B) was performing obligated service as the result of an active-service agreement executed under section 312 of this title; or
(C) was entitled to receive aviation career incentive pay in accordance with section 301a while serving in a billet other than a billet
(i) involving the direct supervision, operation, or maintenance of naval nuclear propulsion plants; and
(ii) that required the officer be qualified for the performance of operational flying duties.
(c) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Navy, an officer of the naval service who is not on active duty on the last day of a nuclear service year or who, on or before the last day of a nuclear service year, loses his technical qualifications or advances from the pay grade of O6 to a higher pay grade may be paid a bonus in accordance with subsection (a) or (b) on a pro rata basis, if otherwise qualified, unless termination of active duty or loss of technical qualifications was voluntary or was the result of his own misconduct.
(d) For the purposes of this section, a nuclear service year is any fiscal year beginning before December 31, 2007.

37 USC 313 - Repealed. Pub. L. 96513, title IV, 414(a), Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2906]

Section, added Pub. L. 93–274, § 1(4), May 6, 1974, 88 Stat. 95; amended Pub. L. 94–273, § 43, Apr. 21, 1976, 90 Stat. 381; Pub. L. 96–107, title VIII, § 804(b), Nov. 9, 1979, 93 Stat. 812; Pub. L. 96–284, § 3(b)(1)(5), June 28, 1980, 94 Stat. 590, 591, related to special pay for medical officers of the Public Health Service who execute active duty agreements.

37 USC 314 - Special pay or bonus: qualified members extending duty at designated locations overseas

(a) Covered Members.— 
This section applies with respect to a member of an armed force who
(1) is entitled to basic pay;
(2) has a specialty that is designated by the Secretary concerned for the purposes of this section;
(3) has completed a tour of duty (as defined in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned) at a location outside the continental United States that is designated by the Secretary concerned for the purposes of this section; and
(4) at the end of that tour of duty executes an agreement to extend that tour for a period of not less than one year.
(b) Special Pay or Bonus Authorized.— 
Upon the acceptance by the Secretary concerned of the agreement providing for an extension of the tour of duty of a member described in subsection (a), the member is entitled, at the election of the Secretary concerned, to either
(1) special pay in monthly installments in an amount prescribed by the Secretary, but not to exceed $80 per month; or
(2) an annual bonus in an amount prescribed by the Secretary, but not to exceed $2,000 per year.
(c) Selection and Payment of Special Pay or Bonus.— 
Not later than the date on which the Secretary concerned accepts an agreement described in subsection (a)(4) providing for the extension of a members tour of duty, the Secretary concerned shall notify the member regarding whether the member will receive special pay or a bonus under this section. The payment rate for the special pay or bonus shall be fixed at the time of the agreement and may not be changed during the period of the extended tour of duty. The Secretary concerned may pay a bonus under this section either in a lump sum or installments.
(d) Repayment.— 
A member who, having entered into a written agreement to extend a tour of duty for a period under subsection (a), receives a bonus payment under subsection (b)(2) for a 12-month period covered by the agreement and ceases during that 12-month period to perform the agreed tour of duty shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(e) Effect of Rest and Recuperative Absence.— 
A member who elects to receive one of the benefits specified in section 705 (b) of title 10 as part of the extension of a tour of duty is not entitled to the special pay authorized by subsection (b)(1) for the period of the extension of duty for which the benefit under such section is provided.

37 USC 315 - Special pay: engineering and scientific career continuation pay

(a) In this section, the term engineering or scientific duty means service performed by an officer
(1) that requires an engineering or science degree; and
(2) that requires a skill designated (under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense for the armed forces, by the Secretary of Commerce for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, or by the Secretary of Health and Human Services for the Public Health Service) as critical and as a skill in which there is a critical shortage of officers in the uniformed service concerned.
(b) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, an officer of a[1] uniformed service who
(1) is entitled to basic pay;
(2) is below the pay grade of O7;
(3) holds a degree in engineering or science from an accredited college or university;
(4) has been certified by the Secretary concerned as having the technical qualifications for detail to engineering or scientific duty;
(5) has completed at least three but less than nineteen years of engineering or scientific duty as an officer; and
(6) executes a written agreement to remain on active duty for detail to engineering or scientific duty for at least one year, but not more than four years;

may, upon acceptance of the written agreement by the Secretary concerned, be paid, in addition to all other compensation to which the officer is entitled, an amount not to exceed $3,000 multiplied by the number of years, or monthly fraction thereof, of obligated service to which the officer agrees under the agreement. The total amount payable may be paid in a lump sum or in equal periodic installments, as determined by the Secretary concerned.

(c) An officer who, having entered into a written agreement under subsection (b) and having received all or part of a bonus under this section, does not complete the period of active duty as specified in the agreement shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
[1] So in original. Probably should be “an”.

37 USC 316 - Special pay: bonus for members with foreign language proficiency

(a) Availability of Bonus.— 
Subject to subsection (c), the Secretary concerned may pay a bonus under this section to a member of the uniformed services who
(1) is qualified in a uniformed services specialty requiring proficiency in a foreign language identified by the Secretary concerned as a foreign language in which it is necessary to have personnel proficient because of national defense or public health considerations;
(2) received training, under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, designed to develop a proficiency in such a foreign language;
(3) is assigned to duties requiring a proficiency in such a foreign language; or
(4) is proficient in a foreign language for which the uniformed service may have a critical need, as determined by the Secretary concerned.
(b) Bonus Amount; Time for Payment.— 
A bonus under subsection (a) may not exceed $12,000 per one-year certification period under subsection (c). The Secretary concerned may pay the bonus in a single lump sum at the beginning of the certification period or in installments during the certification period. The bonus is in addition to any other pay or allowance payable to a member under any other provision of law.
(c) Certification of Proficiency.— 
To be eligible to receive a bonus under this section, a member described in subsection (a) must be certified by the Secretary concerned as being proficient in the foreign language for which the bonus is offered. The certification of the member shall expire at the end of the one-year period beginning on the first day of the first month beginning on or after the certification date.
(d) Certification Interrupted by Contingency Operation.— 

(1) Notwithstanding subsection (c), the Secretary concerned may waive the certification requirement under such subsection and pay a bonus under this section to a member who
(A) is assigned to duty in connection with a contingency operation;
(B) is unable to schedule or complete the certification required by subsection (c) because of that assignment; and
(C) except for the lack of such certification, satisfies the eligibility requirements under subsection (a).
(2) The Secretary concerned may treat the date on which the member was assigned to duty in connection with the contingency operation as equivalent to a certification date. In the case of a member whose certification will expire during such a duty assignment, the Secretary shall commence the next one-year certification period on the date on which the prior certification period expires.
(3) A member who is paid a bonus under the authority of this subsection shall complete the certification required by subsection (c) for the foreign language for which the bonus was paid not later than the end of the 180-day period beginning on the date on which the member is released from the assignment in connection with the contingency operation. The Secretary concerned may extend that period for a member in accordance with regulations prescribed under subsection (f).
(4) If a member fails to obtain the required certification under subsection (c) before the end of the period provided under paragraph (3), the Secretary concerned may require the member to repay all or a portion of the bonus in the manner provided in section 303a (e) of this title.
(e) Repayment.— 
A member who receives a bonus under this section, but who does not satisfy an eligibility requirement specified in paragraph (1), (2), (3), or (4) of subsection (a) for the entire certification period, shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(f) Regulations.— 
This section shall be administered under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense for the armed forces under the jurisdiction of the Secretary, by the Secretary of Homeland Security for the Coast Guard when the Coast Guard is not operating as a service in the Navy, by the Secretary of Health and Human Services for the Commissioned Corps of the Public Health Service, and by the Secretary of Commerce for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

37 USC 316a - Repealed. Pub. L. 108375, div. A, title VI, 620(b)(1), Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 1954]

Section, added Pub. L. 102–190, div. A, title VI, 636(a), Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1382, related to waiver of certification requirement.

37 USC 317 - Special pay: officers in critical acquisition positions extending period of active duty

(a) Bonus Authorized.— 
An officer described in subsection (b) who executes a written agreement to remain on active duty in a critical acquisition position for at least one year may, upon the acceptance of the agreement by the Secretary concerned, be paid a retention bonus as provided in this section.
(b) Covered Officers.— 
An officer referred to in subsection (a) is an officer of the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps who
(1) is a member of an Acquisition Corps selected to serve in, or serving in, a critical acquisition position designated under section 1733 of title 10; and
(2) is eligible to retire, or is assigned to such position for a period that will extend beyond the date on which the officer will be eligible to retire, under any provision of law.
(c) Amount of Bonus.— 
The amount of a bonus paid under this section for each year a member agrees to remain on active duty may not be more than 15 percent of the annual rate of basic pay paid to the member at the time the member executes a written agreement under this section.
(d) Payment of Bonus.— 
Upon the acceptance of a written agreement under subsection (a) by the Secretary concerned, the total amount payable pursuant to the agreement becomes fixed and may be paid by the Secretary in either a lump sum or installments.
(e) Additional Pay.— 
A bonus paid under this section is in addition to other pay and allowances to which an officer is entitled.
(f) Repayment.— 
An officer who, having entered into a written agreement under subsection (a) and having received all or part of a bonus under this section, does not complete the period of active duty as specified in the agreement shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(g) Period of Commitment.— 
The period of active duty agreed upon by an officer in a written agreement under this section is in addition to any other service commitment of the officer, except that any period of active duty agreed upon in a written agreement under subsection (a)(2) or (b)(2) of section 1734 of title 10 by the officer may be counted concurrently with the commitment under this section.
(h) Regulations.— 
The Secretaries concerned shall prescribe regulations to carry out this section. Regulations prescribed by the Secretary of a military department shall be subject to the approval of the Secretary of Defense.

37 USC 318 - Special pay: special warfare officers extending period of active duty

(a) Special Warfare Officer Defined.— 
In this section, the term special warfare officer means an officer of a uniformed service who
(1) is qualified for a military occupational specialty or designator identified by the Secretary concerned as a special warfare military occupational specialty or designator; and
(2) is serving in a position for which that specialty or designator is authorized.
(b) Retention Bonus Authorized.— 
A special warfare officer who meets the eligibility requirements specified in subsection (c) and who executes a written agreement to remain on active duty in special warfare service for at least one year may, upon the acceptance of the agreement by the Secretary concerned, be paid a retention bonus as provided in this section.
(c) Eligibility Requirements.— 
A special warfare officer may apply to enter into an agreement referred to in subsection (b) if the officer
(1) is in pay grade O3, or is in pay grade O4 and is not on a list of officers recommended for promotion, at the time the officer applies to enter into the agreement;
(2) has completed at least 6, but not more than 14, years of active commissioned service; and
(3) has completed any service commitment incurred to be commissioned as an officer.
(d) Amount of Bonus.— 
The amount of a retention bonus paid under this section may not be more than $15,000 for each year covered by the agreement.
(e) Proration.— 
The term of an agreement under subsection (b) and the amount of the retention bonus payable under subsection (d) may be prorated as long as the agreement does not extend beyond the date on which the officer executing the agreement would complete 14 years of active commissioned service.
(f) Payment Methods.— 

(1) Upon acceptance of an agreement under subsection (b) by the Secretary concerned, the total amount payable pursuant to the agreement becomes fixed.
(2) The amount of the retention bonus may be paid as follows:
(A) At the time the agreement is accepted by the Secretary concerned, the Secretary may make a lump sum payment equal to half the total amount payable under the agreement. The balance of the bonus amount shall be paid in equal annual installments on the anniversary of the acceptance of the agreement.
(B) The Secretary concerned may make graduated annual payments under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, with the first payment being payable at the time the agreement is accepted by the Secretary and subsequent payments being payable on the anniversary of the acceptance of the agreement.
(g) Additional Pay.— 
A retention bonus paid under this section is in addition to any other pay and allowances to which an officer is entitled.
(h) Repayment.— 
An officer who, having entered into a written agreement under subsection (b) and having received all or part of a bonus under this section, does not complete the period of active duty in special warfare service as specified in the agreement shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(i) Regulations.— 
The Secretaries concerned shall prescribe regulations to carry out this section, including the definition of the term special warfare service for purposes of this section. Regulations prescribed by the Secretary of a military department under this section shall be subject to the approval of the Secretary of Defense.

37 USC 319 - Special pay: surface warfare officer continuation pay

(a) Eligible Surface Warfare Officer Defined.— 
In this section, the term eligible surface warfare officer means an officer of the Regular Navy or Navy Reserve on active duty who
(1) is qualified and serving as a surface warfare officer;
(2) has been selected for assignment as a department head on a surface vessel; and
(3) has completed any service commitment incurred through the officers original commissioning program or is within one year of completing such commitment.
(b) Special Pay Authorized.— 
An eligible surface warfare officer who executes a written agreement to remain on active duty to complete one or more tours of duty to which the officer may be ordered as a department head on a surface vessel may, upon the acceptance of the agreement by the Secretary of the Navy, be paid an amount not to exceed $50,000.
(c) Proration.— 
The term of the written agreement under subsection (b) and the amount payable under the agreement may be prorated.
(d) Payment Methods.— 
Upon acceptance of the written agreement under subsection (b) by the Secretary of the Navy, the total amount payable pursuant to the agreement becomes fixed. The Secretary shall prepare an implementation plan specifying the amount of each installment payment under the agreement and the times for payment of the installments.
(e) Additional Pay.— 
Any amount paid under this section is in addition to any other pay and allowances to which an officer is entitled.
(f) Repayment.— 
An officer who, having entered into a written agreement under subsection (b) and having received all or part of a bonus under this section, does not complete the period of active duty as a department head on a surface vessel as specified in the agreement, shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(g) Regulations.— 
The Secretary of the Navy shall prescribe regulations to carry out this section.

37 USC 320 - Incentive pay: career enlisted flyers

(a) Eligible Career Enlisted Flyer Defined.— 
In this section, the term eligible career enlisted flyer means an enlisted member of the armed forces who
(1) is entitled to basic pay under section 204 of this title, or is entitled to pay under section 206 of this title as described in subsection (e) of this section;
(2) holds an enlisted military occupational specialty or enlisted military rating designated as a career enlisted flyer specialty or rating by the Secretary concerned, performs duty as a dropsonde system operator, or is in training leading to qualification and designation of such a specialty or rating or the performance of such duty;
(3) is qualified for aviation service under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned; and
(4) satisfies the operational flying duty requirements applicable under subsection (c).
(b) Incentive Pay Authorized.— 

(1) The Secretary concerned may pay monthly incentive pay to an eligible career enlisted flyer in an amount not to exceed the monthly maximum amounts specified in subsection (d). The incentive pay may be paid as continuous monthly incentive pay or on a month-to-month basis, dependent upon the operational flying duty performed by the eligible career enlisted flyer as prescribed in subsection (c).
(2) Continuous monthly incentive pay may not be paid to an eligible career enlisted flyer after the member completes 25 years of aviation service. Thereafter, an eligible career enlisted flyer may still receive incentive pay on a month-to-month basis under subsection (c)(4) for the frequent and regular performance of operational flying duty.
(c) Operational Flying Duty Requirements.— 

(1) An eligible career enlisted flyer must perform operational flying duties for 6 of the first 10, 9 of the first 15, and 14 of the first 20 years of aviation service, to be eligible for continuous monthly incentive pay under this section.
(2) Upon completion of 10, 15, or 20 years of aviation service, an enlisted member who has not performed the minimum required operational flying duties specified in paragraph (1) during the prescribed period, although otherwise meeting the definition in subsection (a), may no longer be paid continuous monthly incentive pay except as provided in paragraph (3). Payment of continuous monthly incentive pay may be resumed if the member meets the minimum operational flying duty requirement upon completion of the next established period of aviation service.
(3) For the needs of the service, the Secretary concerned may permit, on a case-by-case basis, a member to continue to receive continuous monthly incentive pay despite the members failure to perform the operational flying duty required during the first 10, 15, or 20 years of aviation service, but only if the member otherwise meets the definition in subsection (a) and has performed at least 5 years of operational flying duties during the first 10 years of aviation service, 8 years of operational flying duties during the first 15 years of aviation service, or 12 years of operational flying duty during the first 20 years of aviation service. The authority of the Secretary concerned under this paragraph may not be delegated below the level of the Service Personnel Chief.
(4) If the eligibility of an eligible career enlisted flyer to continuous monthly incentive pay ceases under subsection (b)(2) or paragraph (2), the member may still receive month-to-month incentive pay for subsequent frequent and regular performance of operational flying duty. The rate payable is the same rate authorized by the Secretary concerned under subsection (d) for a member of corresponding years of aviation service.
(d) Monthly Maximum Rates.— 
The monthly rate of any career enlisted flyer incentive pay paid under this section to a member on active duty shall be prescribed by the Secretary concerned, but may not exceed the following:
(e) Eligibility of Reserve Component Members When Performing Inactive Duty Training.— 
Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, when a member of a reserve component or the National Guard, who is entitled to compensation under section 206 of this title, meets the definition of eligible career enlisted flyer, the Secretary concerned may increase the members compensation by an amount equal to 1/30 of the monthly incentive pay authorized by the Secretary concerned under subsection (d) for a member of corresponding years of aviation service who is entitled to basic pay under section 204 of this title. The reserve component member may receive the increase for as long as the member is qualified for it, for each regular period of instruction or period of appropriate duty, at which the member is engaged for at least two hours, or for the performance of such other equivalent training, instruction, duty or appropriate duties, as the Secretary may prescribe under section 206 (a) of this title.
(f) Relation to Hazardous Duty Incentive Pay or Diving Duty Special Pay.— 
A member receiving incentive pay under section 301 (a) of this title or special pay under section 304 of this title may not be paid special pay under this section for the same period of service.
(g) Save Pay Provision.— 
If, immediately before a member receives incentive pay under this section, the member was entitled to incentive pay under section 301 (a) of this title, the rate at which the member is paid incentive pay under this section shall be equal to the higher of the monthly amount applicable under subsection (d) or the rate of incentive pay the member was receiving under subsection (b) or (c)(2)(A) of section 301 of this title.
(h) Specialty Code of Dropsonde System Operators.— 
Within the Air Force, the Secretary of the Air Force shall assign to members who are dropsonde system operators a specialty code that identifies such members as serving in a weather specialty.
(i) Definitions.— 
In this section:
(1) The term aviation service means participation in aerial flight performed, under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, by an eligible career enlisted flyer.
(2) The term operational flying duty means flying performed under competent orders while serving in assignments, including an assignment as a dropsonde system operator, in which basic flying skills normally are maintained in the performance of assigned duties as determined by the Secretary concerned, and flying duty performed by members in training that leads to the award of an enlisted aviation rating or military occupational specialty designated as a career enlisted flyer rating or specialty by the Secretary concerned.

37 USC 321 - Special pay: judge advocate continuation pay

(a) Eligible Judge Advocate Defined.— 
In this section, the term eligible judge advocate means an officer of the armed forces on full-time active duty who
(1) is qualified and serving as a judge advocate, as defined in section 801 of title 10; and
(2) has completed
(A) the active duty service obligation incurred through the officers original commissioning program; or
(B) in the case of an officer detailed under section 2004 of title 10 or section 470 of title 14, the active duty service obligation incurred as part of that detail.
(b) Special Pay Authorized.— 
An eligible judge advocate who executes a written agreement to remain on active duty for a period of obligated service specified in the agreement may, upon the acceptance of the agreement by the Secretary concerned, be paid continuation pay under this section. The total amount paid to an officer under one or more agreements under this section may not exceed $60,000.
(c) Proration.— 
The term of an agreement under subsection (b) and the amount payable under the agreement may be prorated.
(d) Payment Methods.— 
Upon acceptance of an agreement under subsection (b) by the Secretary concerned, the total amount payable pursuant to the agreement becomes fixed. The Secretary shall prepare an implementation plan specifying the amount of each installment payment under the agreement and the times for payment of the installments.
(e) Additional Pay.— 
Any amount paid to an officer under this section is in addition to any other pay and allowances to which the officer is entitled.
(f) Repayment.— 
An officer who has entered into a written agreement under subsection (b) and has received all or part of the amount payable under the agreement but who does not complete the total period of active duty specified in the agreement, shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(g) Regulations.— 
The Secretary concerned shall prescribe regulations to carry out this section.

37 USC 322 - Special pay: 15-year career status bonus for members entering service on or after August 1, 1986

(a) Availability of Bonus.— 
The Secretary concerned shall pay a bonus under this section to an eligible career bonus member if the member
(1) elects to receive the bonus under this section; and
(2) executes a written agreement (prescribed by the Secretary concerned) to remain continuously on active duty until the member has completed 20 years of active-duty service creditable under section 1405 of title 10.
(b) Eligible Career Bonus Member Defined.— 
In this section, the term eligible career bonus member means a member of a uniformed service serving on active duty who
(1) first became a member on or after August 1, 1986; and
(2) has completed 15 years of active duty in the uniformed services (or has received notification under subsection (e) that the member is about to complete that duty).
(c) Election Method.— 
An election under subsection (a)(1) shall be made in such form and within such period as the Secretary concerned may prescribe. An election under that subsection is irrevocable.
(d) Amount of Bonus; Payment.— 

(1) A bonus under this section shall be equal to $30,000.
(2) A member electing to receive the bonus under this section shall elect one of the following payment options:
(A) A single lump sum of $30,000.
(B) Two installments of $15,000 each.
(C) Three installments of $10,000 each.
(D) Four installments of $7,500 each.
(E) Five installments of $6,000 each.
(3) If a member elects installment payments under paragraph (2), the second installment (and subsequent installments, as applicable) shall be paid on the earlier of the following dates:
(A) The annual anniversary date of the payment of the first installment.
(B) January 15 of each succeeding calendar year.
(4) The lump sum payment of the bonus, and the first installment payment in the case of members who elect to receive the bonus in installments, shall be paid to an eligible career bonus member not later than the first month that begins on or after the date that is 60 days after the date on which the Secretary concerned receives from the member the election required under subsection (a)(1) and the written agreement required under subsection (a)(2), if applicable.
(e) Notification of Eligibility.— 

(1) The Secretary concerned shall transmit to each member who meets the definition of eligible career bonus member a written notification of the opportunity of the member to elect to receive a bonus under this section. The Secretary shall provide the notification not later than 180 days before the date on which the member will complete 15 years of active duty.
(2) The notification shall include the following:
(A) The procedures for electing to receive the bonus.
(B) An explanation of the effects under sections 1401a, 1409, and 1410 of title 10 that such an election has on the computation of any retired or retainer pay that the member may become eligible to receive.
(f) Repayment.— 
If a person paid a bonus under this section does not complete a period of active duty beginning on the date on which the election of the person under paragraph (1) of subsection (a) is received and ending on the date on which the person completes 20 years of active duty service as described in paragraph (2) of such subsection, the person shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.

37 USC 323 - Special pay: retention incentives for members qualified in critical military skills or assigned to high priority units

(a) Retention Bonus Authorized.— 
An officer or enlisted member of the armed forces who is serving on active duty in a regular component or in an active status in a reserve component and who is qualified in a critical military skill designated under subsection (b) or accepts an assignment to a high priority unit designated under such subsection may be paid a retention bonus as provided in this section if
(1) in the case of an officer, the member executes a written agreement to remain on active duty for at least one year or to remain in an active status in a reserve component for at least one year;
(2) in the case of an enlisted member, other than an enlisted member referred to in paragraph (3), the member reenlists or voluntarily extends the members enlistment for a period of at least one year; or
(3) in the case of an enlisted member serving pursuant to an indefinite reenlistment, the member executes a written agreement to remain on active duty for a period of at least one year or to remain in an active status in a reserve component for a period of at least one year.
(b) Eligibility Criteria.— 

(1) A designated critical military skill referred to in subsection (a) is a military skill designated as critical by the Secretary of Defense, or by the Secretary of Homeland Security with respect to the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy.
(2) The Secretary of Defense, and the Secretary of Homeland Security with respect to the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy, may designate a unit as a high priority unit regarding which a retention bonus will be provided to a member of the armed forces who agrees to accept an assignment to the unit under subsection (a).
(c) Payment Methods.— 
A bonus under this section may be paid in a single lump sum or in periodic installments.
(d) Maximum Bonus Amount.— 

(1) A member may enter into an agreement under this section, or reenlist or voluntarily extend the members enlistment, more than once to receive a bonus under this section. However, a member may not receive a total of more than $200,000 (or $100,000 in the case of a reserve component member) in payments under this section.
(2) The limitation in paragraph (1) on the total bonus payments that a member may receive under this section does not apply with respect to an officer who is assigned duties as a health care professional.
(e) Certain Members Ineligible.— 

(1) A retention bonus may not be provided under subsection (a) to a member of the armed forces who
(A) has completed more than 25 years of active duty or service in an active status in a reserve component; or
(B) will complete the members twenty-fifth year of active duty or service in an active status in a reserve component before the end of the period of active duty or service in an active status in a reserve component for which the bonus is being offered.
(2) The limitations in paragraph (1) do not apply with respect to an officer who, during the period of active duty or service in an active status in a reserve component for which the bonus is being offered, is assigned duties as a health care professional.
(3) The limitations in paragraph (1) do not apply with respect to a member who, during the period of active duty or service in an active status in a reserve component for which the bonus is being offered
(A) is qualified in a skill designated as critical under subsection (b)(1) related to special operations forces; or
(B) is qualified for duty in connection with the supervision, operation, and maintenance of naval nuclear propulsion plants.
(f) Relationship to Other Incentives.— 
A retention bonus paid under this section is in addition to any other pay and allowances to which a member is entitled.
(g) Repayment.— 
A member paid a bonus under this section who fails, during the period of service covered by the members agreement, reenlistment, or voluntary extension of enlistment under subsection (a), to remain qualified in the critical military skill or to satisfy the other eligibility criteria for which the bonus was paid shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(h) Annual Report.— 
Not later than February 15 of each year, the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Homeland Security shall submit to Congress a report
(1) analyzing the effect, during the preceding fiscal year, of the provision of bonuses under this section on the retention of members of the armed forces who were offered a bonus under this section; and
(2) describing the intentions of the Secretary regarding the continued use of the bonus authority during the current and next fiscal years.
(i) Termination of Bonus Authority.— 
No bonus may be paid under this section with respect to any reenlistment, or voluntary extension of an enlistment, in the armed forces entered into after December 31, 2007, and no agreement under this section may be entered into after that date.

37 USC 324 - Special pay: accession bonus for new officers in critical skills

(a) Accession Bonus Authorized.— 
Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, a person who executes a written agreement to accept a commission or an appointment as an officer of the armed forces and serve on active duty in a designated critical officer skill for the period specified in the agreement may, upon acceptance of the agreement by the Secretary concerned, be paid an accession bonus in an amount determined by the Secretary concerned.
(b) Designation of Critical Officer Skills.— 
The Secretary concerned shall designate the critical officer skills for the purposes of this section. A skill may be designated as a critical officer skill for an armed force under this subsection if
(1) in order to meet requirements of the armed force, it is critical for the armed force to have a sufficient number of officers who are qualified in that skill; and
(2) in order to mitigate a current or projected significant shortage of personnel in the armed force who are qualified in that skill, it is critical to access into that armed force in sufficient numbers persons who are qualified in that skill or are to be trained in that skill.
(c) Limitation on Amount of Bonus.— 
The amount of an accession bonus under subsection (a) may not exceed $60,000.
(d) Payment Method.— 
Upon acceptance of a written agreement under subsection (a) by the Secretary concerned, the total amount of the accession bonus payable under the agreement becomes fixed. The agreement shall specify whether the accession bonus will be paid by the Secretary in a lump sum or installments.
(e) Relation to Other Accession Bonus Authority.— 
An individual may not receive an accession bonus under this section and section 302d, 302h, 302j, or 312b of this title for the same period of service.
(f) Repayment.— 
An individual who, having received all or part of the bonus under an agreement referred to in subsection (a), is not thereafter commissioned as an officer or does not commence or complete the total period of active duty service specified in the agreement shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(g) Termination of Authority.— 
No agreement under this section may be entered into after December 31, 2007.

37 USC 325 - Incentive bonus: savings plan for education expenses and other contingencies

(a) Benefit and Eligibility.— 
The Secretary concerned may purchase United States savings bonds under this section for a member of the armed forces who is eligible as follows:
(1) A member who, before completing three years of service on active duty, enters into a commitment to perform qualifying service.
(2) A member who, after completing three years of service on active duty, but not more than nine years of service on active duty, enters into a commitment to perform qualifying service.
(3) A member who, after completing nine years of service on active duty, enters into a commitment to perform qualifying service.
(b) Qualifying Service.— 
For the purposes of this section, qualifying service is service on active duty in a specialty designated by the Secretary concerned as critical to meet requirements (whether or not such specialty is designated as critical to meet wartime or peacetime requirements) for a period that
(1) is not less than six years; and
(2) does not include any part of a period for which the member is obligated to serve on active duty under an enlistment or other agreement for which a benefit has previously been paid under this section.
(c) Forms of Commitment to Additional Service.— 
For the purposes of this section, a commitment means
(1) in the case of an enlisted member, a reenlistment; and
(2) in the case of a commissioned officer, an agreement entered into with the Secretary concerned.
(d) Amounts of Bonds.— 
The total of the face amounts of the United States savings bonds authorized to be purchased for a member under this section for a commitment shall be as follows:
(1) In the case of a purchase for a member under paragraph (1) of subsection (a), $5,000.
(2) In the case of a purchase for a member under paragraph (2) of subsection (a), the amount equal to the excess of $15,000 over the total of the face amounts of any United States savings bonds previously purchased for the member under this section.
(3) In the case of a purchase for a member under paragraph (3) of subsection (a), the amount equal to the excess of $30,000 over the total of the face amounts of any United States savings bonds previously purchased for the member under this section.
(e) Total Amount of Benefit.— 
The total amount of the benefit authorized for a member when United States savings bonds are purchased for the member under this section by reason of a commitment by that member shall be the sum of
(1) the purchase price of the United States savings bonds; and
(2) the amounts that would be deducted and withheld for the payment of individual income taxes if the total amount computed under this subsection for that commitment were paid to the member as a bonus.
(f) Amount Withheld for Taxes.— 
The total amount payable for a member under subsection (e)(2) for a commitment by that member shall be withheld, credited, and otherwise treated in the same manner as amounts deducted and withheld from the basic pay of the member.
(g) Repayment.— 
If a person does not complete the qualifying service for which the person is obligated under a commitment for which a benefit has been paid under this section, the person shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(h) Relationship to Other Special Pays.— 
The benefit authorized under this section is in addition to any other bonus or incentive or special pay that is paid or payable to a member under any other provision of this chapter for any portion of the same qualifying service.
(i) Regulations.— 
This section shall be administered under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense for the armed forces under his jurisdiction and by the Secretary of Homeland Security for the Coast Guard when the Coast Guard is not operating as a service in the Navy.

37 USC 326 - Incentive bonus: conversion to military occupational specialty to ease personnel shortage

(a) Incentive Bonus Authorized.— 
The Secretary concerned may pay a bonus under this section to an eligible member of a regular or reserve component of the armed forces who executes a written agreement to convert to, and serve for a period of not less than three years in, a military occupational specialty for which there is a shortage of trained and qualified personnel.
(b) Eligible Members.— 
A member is eligible to enter into an agreement under subsection (a) if, at the time the agreement is executed, the member is serving in
(1) pay grade E6, with not more than 10 years of service computed under section 205 of this title; or
(2) pay grade E5 or below, regardless of years of service.
(c) Amount and Payment of Bonus.— 

(1) A bonus under this section may not exceed $4,000, in the case of a member of a regular component of the armed forces, and $2,000, in the case of a member of a reserve component of the armed forces.
(2) A bonus payable under this section shall be disbursed in one lump sum when the members conversion to the military occupational specialty is approved by the chief personnel officer of the regular or reserve component of the members armed force.
(d) Relationship to Other Pay and Allowances.— 
A bonus paid to a member under this section is in addition to any other pay and allowances to which the member is entitled.
(e) Repayment.— 
A member who does not convert to and complete the period of service in the military occupational specialty specified in the agreement executed under subsection (a) shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(f) Regulations.— 
The Secretaries concerned shall prescribe regulations to carry out this section. Regulations prescribed by the Secretary of a military department shall be subject to the approval of the Secretary of Defense.
(g) Termination of Authority.— 
No agreement under this section may be entered into after December 31, 2007.

37 USC 327 - Incentive bonus: transfer between armed forces

(a) Incentive Bonus Authorized.— 
A bonus under this section may be paid to an eligible member of a regular component or reserve component of an armed force who executes a written agreement
(1) to transfer from such regular component or reserve component to a regular component or reserve component of another armed force; and
(2) to serve pursuant to such agreement for a period of not less than three years in the component to which transferred.
(b) Eligible Members.— 
A member is eligible to enter into an agreement under subsection (a) if, as of the date of the agreement, the member
(1) has not failed to satisfactorily complete any term of enlistment in the armed forces;
(2) is eligible for reenlistment in the armed forces or, in the case of an officer, is eligible to continue in service in a regular or reserve component of the armed forces; and
(3) has fulfilled such requirements for transfer to the component of the armed force to which the member will transfer as the Secretary having jurisdiction over such armed force shall establish.
(c) Limitation.— 
A member may enter into an agreement under subsection (a) to transfer to a regular component or reserve component of another armed force only if the Secretary having jurisdiction over such armed force determines that there is shortage of trained and qualified personnel in such component.
(d) Amount and Payment of Bonus.— 

(1) A bonus under this section may not exceed $10,000.
(2) A bonus under this section shall be paid by the Secretary having jurisdiction of the armed force to which the member to be paid the bonus is transferring.
(3) A bonus under this section shall, at the election of the Secretary paying the bonus
(A) be disbursed to the member in one lump sum when the transfer for which the bonus is paid is approved by the chief personnel officer of the armed force to which the member is transferring; or
(B) be paid to the member in annual installments in such amounts as may be determined by the Secretary paying the bonus.
(e) Relationship to Other Pay and Allowances.— 
A bonus paid to a member under this section is in addition to any other pay and allowances to which the member is entitled.
(f) Repayment.— 
A member who is paid a bonus under an agreement under this section and who, voluntarily or because of misconduct, fails to serve for the period covered by such agreement shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(g) Regulations.— 
The Secretaries concerned shall prescribe regulations to carry out this section. Regulations prescribed by the Secretary of a military department under this subsection shall be subject to the approval of the Secretary of Defense.
(h) Termination of Authority.— 
No agreement under this section may be entered into after December 31, 2009.

37 USC 328 - Combat-related injury rehabilitation pay

(a) Special Pay Authorized.— 
The Secretary concerned may pay monthly special pay under this section to a member of the armed forces who, while in the line of duty, incurs a wound, injury, or illness in a combat operation or combat zone designated by the Secretary of Defense and is evacuated from the theater of the combat operation or from the combat zone for medical treatment.
(b) Commencement of Payment.— 
Subject to subsection (c), the special pay authorized by subsection (a) may be paid to a member described in such subsection for any month beginning after the date on which the member was evacuated from the theater of the combat operation or the combat zone in which the member incurred the combat-related injury.
(c) Termination of Payments.— 
The payment of special pay to a member under subsection (a) shall terminate at the end of the first month during which any of the following occurs:
(1) The member is paid a benefit under the traumatic injury protection rider of the Servicemembers Group Life Insurance Program issued under section 1980A of title 38.
(2) The member receives notification of the eligibility of the member for a benefit under such traumatic injury protection rider and a period of 30 days expires after the date of such notification.
(3) The member is no longer hospitalized in a military treatment facility or a facility under the auspices of the military health care system.
(d) Amount of Special Pay.— 
The monthly amount of special pay paid to a member under this section shall be equal to $430, less any payment received by the member for the same month under section 310 (b) of this title.
(e) Relationship to Other Pay and Allowances.— 
Special pay paid to a member under this section is in addition to any other pay and allowances to which the member is entitled or authorized to receive.

37 USC 329 - Incentive bonus: retired members and reserve component members volunteering for high-demand, low-density assignments

(a) Incentive Bonus Authorized.— 
The Secretary of Defense may pay a bonus under this section to a retired member or former member of the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps or to a member of a reserve component of the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps (who is not otherwise serving on active duty) who executes a written agreement to serve on active duty for a period specified in the agreement in an assignment intended to alleviate the need for members in a high-demand, low-density military capability or in any other specialty designated by the Secretary as critical to meet wartime or peacetime requirements.
(b) Maximum Amount of Bonus.— 
A bonus under subsection (a) and any incentive developed under subsection (d) may not exceed $50,000.
(c) Methods of Payment.— 
At the election of the Secretary of Defense, a bonus under subsection (a) and any incentive developed under subsection (d) shall be paid or provided
(1) when the member commences service on active duty; or
(2) in annual installments in such amounts as may be determined by the Secretary.
(d) Development of Additional Incentives.— 

(1) The Secretary of Defense may develop and provide to members referred to in subsection (a) additional incentives to encourage such members to return to active duty in assignments intended to alleviate the need for members in a high-demand, low-density military capability or in other specialties designated by the Secretary as critical to meet wartime or peacetime requirements.
(2) The provision of any incentive developed under this subsection shall be subject to an agreement, as required for bonuses under subsection (a).
(3) Not later than 30 days before first offering any incentive developed under this subsection, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report that contains a description of that incentive and an explanation why a bonus under subsection (a) or other pay and allowances are not sufficient to alleviate the high-demand, low-density military capability or otherwise fill critical military specialties.
(4) In this subsection, the term congressional defense committees has the meaning given that term in section 101 (a)(16) of title 10.
(e) Relationship to Other Pay and Allowances.— 
A bonus or other incentive paid or provided to a member under this section is in addition to any other pay and allowances to which the member is entitled.
(f) Prohibition on Promotions.— 
The written agreement required by subsections (a) and (d) shall specify that a member who is paid or receives a bonus or other incentive under this section is not eligible for promotion while serving in the assignment for which the bonus or other incentive is provided.
(g) Repayment.— 
A member who does not complete the period of active duty specified in the agreement executed under subsection (a) or (d) shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(h) High-Demand, Low-Density Military Capability.— 
In this section, the term high-demand, low-density military capability means a combat, combat support or service support capability, unit, system, or occupational specialty that the Secretary of Defense determines has funding, equipment, or personnel levels that are substantially below the levels required to fully meet or sustain actual or expected operational requirements set by regional commanders.
(i) Regulations.— 
The Secretary of Defense may prescribe such regulations as the Secretary considers necessary to carry out this section.
(j) Termination of Authority.— 
No agreement under subsection (a) or (d) may be entered into after December 31, 2010.

37 USC 330 - Special pay: accession bonus for officer candidates

(a) Accession Bonus Authorized.— 
Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, a person who executes a written agreement described in subsection (c) may be paid an accession bonus under this section upon acceptance of the agreement by the Secretary concerned.
(b) Amount of Bonus.— 
The amount of an accession bonus under subsection (a) may not exceed $8,000.
(c) Agreement.— 
A written agreement referred to in subsection (a) is a written agreement by a person
(1) to complete officer candidate school;
(2) to accept a commission or appointment as an officer of the armed forces; and
(3) to serve on active duty as a commissioned officer for a period specified in the agreement.
(d) Payment Method.— 
Upon acceptance of a written agreement under subsection (a) by the Secretary concerned, the total amount of the accession bonus payable under the agreement becomes fixed. The agreement shall specify whether the accession bonus will be paid in a lump sum or installments.
(e) Repayment.— 
A person who, having received all or part of the bonus under a written agreement under subsection (a), does not complete the total period of active duty as a commissioned officer as specified in such agreement shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(f) Termination of Authority.— 
No agreement under this section may be entered into after December 31, 2007.