TITLE 25 - US CODE - CHAPTER 44 - NATIVE AMERICAN BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT, TRADE PROMOTION, AND TOURISM

25 USC 4301 - Findings; purposes

(a) Findings 
Congress finds that
(1) clause 3 of section 8 of article I of the United States Constitution recognizes the special relationship between the United States and Indian tribes;
(2) beginning in 1970, with the inauguration by the Nixon Administration of the Indian self-determination era, each President has reaffirmed the special government-to-government relationship between Indian tribes and the United States;
(3) in 1994, President Clinton issued an Executive memorandum to the heads of departments and agencies that obligated all Federal departments and agencies, particularly those that have an impact on economic development, to evaluate the potential impacts of their actions on Indian tribes;

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(4) consistent with the principles of inherent tribal sovereignty and the special relationship between Indian tribes and the United States, Indian tribes retain the right to enter into contracts and agreements to trade freely, and seek enforcement of treaty and trade rights;
(5) Congress has carried out the responsibility of the United States for the protection and preservation of Indian tribes and the resources of Indian tribes through the endorsement of treaties, and the enactment of other laws, including laws that provide for the exercise of administrative authorities;
(6) the United States has an obligation to guard and preserve the sovereignty of Indian tribes in order to foster strong tribal governments, Indian self-determination, and economic self-sufficiency among Indian tribes;
(7) the capacity of Indian tribes to build strong tribal governments and vigorous economies is hindered by the inability of Indian tribes to engage communities that surround Indian lands and outside investors in economic activities on Indian lands;
(8) despite the availability of abundant natural resources on Indian lands and a rich cultural legacy that accords great value to self-determination, self-reliance, and independence, Native Americans suffer higher rates of unemployment, poverty, poor health, substandard housing, and associated social ills than those of any other group in the United States;
(9) the United States has an obligation to assist Indian tribes with the creation of appropriate economic and political conditions with respect to Indian lands to
(A) encourage investment from outside sources that do not originate with the tribes; and
(B) facilitate economic ventures with outside entities that are not tribal entities;
(10) the economic success and material well-being of Native American communities depends on the combined efforts of the Federal Government, tribal governments, the private sector, and individuals;
(11) the lack of employment and entrepreneurial opportunities in the communities referred to in paragraph (7) has resulted in a multigenerational dependence on Federal assistance that is

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(A) insufficient to address the magnitude of needs; and
(B) unreliable in availability; and
(12) the twin goals of economic self-sufficiency and political self-determination for Native Americans can best be served by making available to address the challenges faced by those groups
(A) the resources of the private market;
(B) adequate capital; and
(C) technical expertise.
(b) Purposes 
The purposes of this chapter are as follows:
(1) To revitalize economically and physically distressed Native American economies by
(A) encouraging the formation of new businesses by eligible entities, and the expansion of existing businesses; and
(B) facilitating the movement of goods to and from Indian lands and the provision of services by Indians.
(2) To promote private investment in the economies of Indian tribes and to encourage the sustainable development of resources of Indian tribes and Indian-owned businesses.
(3) To promote the long-range sustained growth of the economies of Indian tribes.
(4) To raise incomes of Indians in order to reduce the number of Indians at poverty levels and provide the means for achieving a higher standard of living on Indian reservations.
(5) To encourage intertribal, regional, and international trade and business development in order to assist in increasing productivity and the standard of living of members of Indian tribes and improving the economic self-sufficiency of the governing bodies of Indian tribes.
(6) To promote economic self-sufficiency and political self-determination for Indian tribes and members of Indian tribes.

25 USC 4302 - Definitions

In this chapter:
(1) Eligible entity 
The term eligible entity means an Indian tribe or tribal organization, an Indian arts and crafts organization, as that term is defined in section 305a of this title, a tribal enterprise, a tribal marketing cooperative (as that term is defined by the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of the Interior), or any other Indian-owned business.
(2) Indian 
The term Indian has the meaning given that term in section 450b (d) of this title.
(3) Indian goods and services 
The term Indian goods and services means
(A) Indian goods, within the meaning of section 305a of this title;
(B) goods produced or originated by an eligible entity; and
(C) services provided by eligible entities.
(4) Indian lands 

(A) In general 
The term Indian lands includes lands under the definition of
(i) the term Indian country under section 1151 of title 18; or
(ii) the term reservation under
(I) section 1452 (d) of this title; or
(II) section 1903 (10) of this title.
(B) Former Indian reservations in Oklahoma 
For purposes of applying section 1452 (d) of this title under subparagraph (A)(ii), the term former Indian reservations in Oklahoma shall be construed to include lands that are
(i) within the jurisdictional areas of an Oklahoma Indian tribe (as determined by the Secretary of the Interior); and
(ii) recognized by the Secretary of the Interior as eligible for trust land status under part 151 of title 25, Code of Federal Regulations (as in effect on November 7, 2000).
(5) Indian-owned business 
The term Indian-owned business means an entity organized for the conduct of trade or commerce with respect to which at least 50 percent of the property interests of the entity are owned by Indians or Indian tribes (or a combination thereof).
(6) Indian tribe 
The term Indian tribe has the meaning given that term in section 450b (e) of this title.
(7) Secretary 
The term Secretary means the Secretary of Commerce.
(8) Tribal enterprise 
The term tribal enterprise means a commercial activity or business managed or controlled by an Indian tribe.
(9) Tribal organization 
The term tribal organization has the meaning given that term in section 450b (l) of this title.

25 USC 4303 - Office of Native American Business Development

(a) In general 

(1) Establishment 
There is established within the Department of Commerce an office known as the Office of Native American Business Development (referred to in this chapter as the Office).
(2) Director 
The Office shall be headed by a Director, appointed by the Secretary, whose title shall be the Director of Native American Business Development (referred to in this chapter as the Director). The Director shall be compensated at a rate not to exceed level V of the Executive Schedule under section 5316 of title 5.
(b) Duties of the Secretary 

(1) In general 
The Secretary, acting through the Director, shall ensure the coordination of Federal programs that provide assistance, including financial and technical assistance, to eligible entities for increased business, the expansion of trade by eligible entities, and economic development on Indian lands.
(2) Interagency coordination 
The Secretary, acting through the Director, shall coordinate Federal programs relating to Indian economic development, including any such program of the Department of the Interior, the Small Business Administration, the Department of Labor, or any other Federal agency charged with Indian economic development responsibilities.
(3) Activities 
In carrying out the duties described in paragraph (1), the Secretary, acting through the Director, shall ensure the coordination of, or, as appropriate, carry out
(A) Federal programs designed to provide legal, accounting, or financial assistance to eligible entities;
(B) market surveys;
(C) the development of promotional materials;
(D) the financing of business development seminars;
(E) the facilitation of marketing;
(F) the participation of appropriate Federal agencies or eligible entities in trade fairs;
(G) any activity that is not described in subparagraphs (A) through (F) that is related to the development of appropriate markets; and
(H) any other activity that the Secretary, in consultation with the Director, determines to be appropriate to carry out this section.
(4) Assistance 
In conjunction with the activities described in paragraph (3), the Secretary, acting through the Director, shall provide
(A) financial assistance, technical assistance, and administrative services to eligible entities to assist those entities with
(i) identifying and taking advantage of business development opportunities; and
(ii) compliance with appropriate laws and regulatory practices; and
(B) such other assistance as the Secretary, in consultation with the Director, determines to be necessary for the development of business opportunities for eligible entities to enhance the economies of Indian tribes.
(5) Priorities 
In carrying out the duties and activities described in paragraphs (3) and (4), the Secretary, acting through the Director, shall give priority to activities that
(A) provide the greatest degree of economic benefits to Indians; and
(B) foster long-term stable economies of Indian tribes.
(6) Prohibition 
The Secretary may not provide under this section assistance for any activity related to the operation of a gaming activity on Indian lands pursuant to the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act [25 U.S.C. 2701 et seq.].

25 USC 4304 - Native American trade and export promotion

(a) In general 
The Secretary, acting through the Director, shall carry out a Native American export and trade promotion program (referred to in this section as the program).
(b) Coordination of Federal programs and services 
In carrying out the program, the Secretary, acting through the Director, and in cooperation with the heads of appropriate Federal agencies, shall ensure the coordination of Federal programs and services designed to
(1) develop the economies of Indian tribes; and
(2) stimulate the demand for Indian goods and services that are available from eligible entities.
(c) Activities 
In carrying out the duties described in subsection (b) of this section, the Secretary, acting through the Director, shall ensure the coordination of, or, as appropriate, carry out
(1) Federal programs designed to provide technical or financial assistance to eligible entities;
(2) the development of promotional materials;
(3) the financing of appropriate trade missions;
(4) the marketing of Indian goods and services;
(5) the participation of appropriate Federal agencies or eligible entities in international trade fairs; and
(6) any other activity related to the development of markets for Indian goods and services.
(d) Technical assistance 
In conjunction with the activities described in subsection (c) of this section, the Secretary, acting through the Director, shall provide technical assistance and administrative services to eligible entities to assist those entities with
(1) the identification of appropriate markets for Indian goods and services;
(2) entering the markets referred to in paragraph (1);
(3) compliance with foreign or domestic laws and practices with respect to financial institutions with respect to the export and import of Indian goods and services; and
(4) entering into financial arrangements to provide for the export and import of Indian goods and services.
(e) Priorities 
In carrying out the duties and activities described in subsections (b) and (c) of this section, the Secretary, acting through the Director, shall give priority to activities that
(1) provide the greatest degree of economic benefits to Indians; and
(2) foster long-term stable international markets for Indian goods and services.

25 USC 4305 - Intertribal tourism demonstration projects

(a) Program to conduct tourism projects 

(1) In general 
The Secretary, acting through the Director, shall conduct a Native American tourism program to facilitate the development and conduct of tourism demonstration projects by Indian tribes, on a tribal, intertribal, or regional basis.
(2) Demonstration projects 

(A) In general 
Under the program established under this section, in order to assist in the development and promotion of tourism on and in the vicinity of Indian lands, the Secretary, acting through the Director, shall, in coordination with the Under Secretary of Agriculture for Rural Development, assist eligible entities in the planning, development, and implementation of tourism development demonstration projects that meet the criteria described in subparagraph (B).
(B) Projects described 
In selecting tourism development demonstration projects under this section, the Secretary, acting through the Director, shall select projects that have the potential to increase travel and tourism revenues by attracting visitors to Indian lands and lands in the vicinity of Indian lands, including projects that provide for
(i) the development and distribution of educational and promotional materials pertaining to attractions located on and near Indian lands;
(ii) the development of educational resources to assist in private and public tourism development on and in the vicinity of Indian lands; and
(iii) the coordination of tourism-related joint ventures and cooperative efforts between eligible entities and appropriate State and local governments that have jurisdiction over areas in the vicinity of Indian lands.
(3) Grants 
To carry out the program under this section, the Secretary, acting through the Director, may award grants or enter into other appropriate arrangements with Indian tribes, tribal organizations, intertribal consortia, or other tribal entities that the Secretary, in consultation with the Director, determines to be appropriate.
(4) Locations 
In providing for tourism development demonstration projects under the program under this section, the Secretary, acting through the Director, shall provide for a demonstration project to be conducted
(A) for Indians of the Four Corners area located in the area adjacent to the border between Arizona, Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico;
(B) for Indians of the northwestern area that is commonly known as the Great Northwest (as determined by the Secretary);
(C) for the Oklahoma Indians in Oklahoma;
(D) for the Indians of the Great Plains area (as determined by the Secretary); and
(E) for Alaska Natives in Alaska.
(b) Assistance 
The Secretary, acting through the Director, shall provide financial assistance, technical assistance, and administrative services to participants that the Secretary, acting through the Director, selects to carry out a tourism development project under this section, with respect to
(1) feasibility studies conducted as part of that project;
(2) market analyses;
(3) participation in tourism and trade missions; and
(4) any other activity that the Secretary, in consultation with the Director, determines to be appropriate to carry out this section.
(c) Infrastructure development 
The demonstration projects conducted under this section shall include provisions to facilitate the development and financing of infrastructure, including the development of Indian reservation roads in a manner consistent with title 23.

25 USC 4306 - Report to Congress

(a) In general 
Not later than 1 year after November 7, 2000, and annually thereafter, the Secretary, in consultation with the Director, shall prepare and submit to the Committee on Indian Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on Resources of the House of Representatives a report on the operation of the Office.
(b) Contents of report 
Each report prepared under subsection (a) of this section shall include
(1) for the period covered by the report, a summary of the activities conducted by the Secretary, acting through the Director, in carrying out sections 4303 through 4305 of this title; and
(2) any recommendations for legislation that the Secretary, in consultation with the Director, determines to be necessary to carry out sections 4303 through 4305 of this title.

25 USC 4307 - Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are necessary to carry out this chapter, to remain available until expended.