15 USC 78lll - Definitions

For purposes of this chapter, including the application of the Bankruptcy Act to a liquidation proceeding:
(1) Commission 
The term Commission means the Securities and Exchange Commission.
(2) Customer 
The term customer of a debtor means any person (including any person with whom the debtor deals as principal or agent) who has a claim on account of securities received, acquired, or held by the debtor in the ordinary course of its business as a broker or dealer from or for the securities accounts of such person for safekeeping, with a view to sale, to cover consummated sales, pursuant to purchases, as collateral security, or for purposes of effecting transfer. The term customer includes any person who has a claim against the debtor arising out of sales or conversions of such securities, and any person who has deposited cash with the debtor for the purpose of purchasing securities, but does not include
(A) any person to the extent that the claim of such person arises out of transactions with a foreign subsidiary of a member of SIPC; or
(B) any person to the extent that such person has a claim for cash or securities which by contract, agreement, or understanding, or by operation of law, is part of the capital of the debtor, or is subordinated to the claims of any or all creditors of the debtor, notwithstanding that some ground exists for declaring such contract, agreement, or understanding void or voidable in a suit between the claimant and the debtor.

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(3) Customer name securities 
The term customer name securities means securities which were held for the account of a customer on the filing date by or on behalf of the debtor and which on the filing date were registered in the name of the customer, or were in the process of being so registered pursuant to instructions from the debtor, but does not include securities registered in the name of the customer which, by endorsement or otherwise, were in negotiable form.
(4) Customer property 
The term customer property means cash and securities (except customer name securities delivered to the customer) at any time received, acquired, or held by or for the account of a debtor from or for the securities accounts of a customer, and the proceeds of any such property transferred by the debtor, including property unlawfully converted. The term customer property includes
(A) securities held as property of the debtor to the extent that the inability of the debtor to meet its obligations to customers for their net equity claims based on securities of the same class and series of an issuer is attributable to the debtors noncompliance with the requirements of section 78o (c)(3) of this title and the rules prescribed under such section;
(B) resources provided through the use or realization of customers debit cash balances and other customer-related debit items as defined by the Commission by rule;
(C) any cash or securities apportioned to customer property pursuant to section 78fff (d) of this title; and
(D) any other property of the debtor which, upon compliance with applicable laws, rules, and regulations, would have been set aside or held for the benefit of customers, unless the trustee determines that including such property within the meaning of such term would not significantly increase customer property.
(5) Debtor 
The term debtor means a member of SIPC with respect to whom an application for a protective decree has been filed under section 78eee (a)(3) of this title or a direct payment procedure has been instituted under section 78fff–4 (b) of this title.
(6) Examining authority 
The term examining authority means, with respect to any member of SIPC
(A)  the self-regulatory organization which inspects or examines such member of SIPC, or
(B)  the Commission if such member of SIPC is not a member of or participant in any self-regulatory organization or if the Commission has designated itself examining authority for such member pursuant to section 78iii (c) of this title.

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(7) Filing date 
The term filing date means the date on which an application for a protective decree is filed under section 78eee (a)(3) of this title, except that
(A) if a petition under title 11 concerning the debtor was filed before such date, the term filing date means the date on which such petition was filed;
(B) if the debtor is the subject of a proceeding pending in any court or before any agency of the United States or any State in which a receiver, trustee, or liquidator for such debtor has been appointed and such proceeding was commenced before the date on which such application was filed, the term filing date means the date on which such proceeding was commenced; or
(C) if the debtor is the subject of a direct payment procedure or was the subject of a direct payment procedure discontinued by SIPC pursuant to section 78fff–4 (f) of this title, the term filing date means the date on which notice of such direct payment procedure was published under section 78fff4(b) of this title.
(8) Foreign subsidiary 
The term foreign subsidiary means any subsidiary of a member of SIPC which has its principal place of business in a foreign country or which is organized under the laws of a foreign country.
(9) Gross revenues from the securities business 
The term gross revenues from the securities business means the sum of (but without duplication) (A) commissions earned in connection with transactions in securities effected for customers as agent (net of commissions paid to other brokers and dealers in connection with such transactions) and markups with respect to purchases or sales of securities as principal;
(B) charges for executing or clearing transactions in securities for other brokers and dealers;
(C) the net realized gain, if any, from principal transactions in securities in trading accounts;
(D) the net profit, if any, from the management of or participation in the underwriting or distribution of securities;
(E) interest earned on customers securities accounts;
(F) fees for investment advisory services (except when rendered to one or more registered investment companies or insurance company separate accounts) or account supervision with respect to securities;
(G) fees for the solicitation of proxies with respect to, or tenders or exchanges of, securities;
(H) income from service charges or other surcharges with respect to securities;
(I) except as otherwise provided by rule of the Commission, dividends and interest received on securities in investment accounts of the broker or dealer;
(J) fees in connection with put, call, and other option transactions in securities;
(K) commissions earned from transactions in
(i)  certificates of deposit, and
(ii)  Treasury bills, bankers acceptances, or commercial paper which have a maturity at the time of issuance of not exceeding nine months, exclusive of days of grace, or any renewal thereof, the maturity of which is likewise limited, except that SIPC shall by bylaw include in the aggregate of gross revenues only an appropriate percentage of such commissions based on SIPCs loss experience with respect to such instruments over at least the preceding five years; and
(L) fees and other income from such other categories of the securities business as SIPC shall provide by bylaw.

Such term does not include revenues received by a broker or dealer in connection with the distribution of shares of a registered open end investment company or unit investment trust or revenues derived by a broker or dealer from the sale of variable annuities or from the conduct of the business of insurance.

(10) Liquidation proceeding 
The term liquidation proceeding means any proceeding for the liquidation of a debtor under this chapter in which a trustee has been appointed under section 78eee (b)(3) of this title.
(11) Net equity 
The term net equity means the dollar amount of the account or accounts of a customer, to be determined by
(A) calculating the sum which would have been owed by the debtor to such customer if the debtor had liquidated, by sale or purchase on the filing date, all securities positions of such customer (other than customer name securities reclaimed by such customer); minus
(B) any indebtedness of such customer to the debtor on the filing date; plus
(C) any payment by such customer of such indebtedness to the debtor which is made with the approval of the trustee and within such period as the trustee may determine (but in no event more than sixty days after the publication of notice under section 78fff–2 (a) of this title).

In determining net equity under this paragraph, accounts held by a customer in separate capacities shall be deemed to be accounts of separate customers.

(12) Persons registered as brokers or dealers 
The term persons registered as brokers or dealers includes any person who is a member of a national securities exchange other than a government securities broker or government securities dealer registered under section 78o–5 (a)(1)(A) of this title.
(13) Protective decree 
The term protective decree means a decree, issued by a court upon application of SIPC under section 78eee (a)(3) of this title, that the customers of a member of SIPC are in need of the protection provided under this chapter.
(14) Security 
The term Security means any note, stock, treasury stock, bond, debenture, evidence of indebtedness, any collateral trust certificate, preorganization certificate or subscription, transferable share, voting trust certificate, certificate of deposit, certificate of deposit for a security, or any security future as that term is defined in section 78c (a)(55)(A) of this title, any investment contract or certificate of interest or participation in any profit-sharing agreement or in any oil, gas, or mineral royalty or lease (if such investment contract or interest is the subject of a registration statement with the Commission pursuant to the provisions of the Securities Act of 1933 [15 U.S.C. 77a et seq.]), any put, call, straddle, option, or privilege on any security, or group or index of securities (including any interest therein or based on the value thereof), or any put, call, straddle, option, or privilege entered into on a national securities exchange relating to foreign currency, any certificate of interest or participation in, temporary or interim certificate for, receipt for, guarantee of, or warrant or right to subscribe to or purchase or sell any of the foregoing, and any other instrument commonly known as a security. Except as specifically provided above, the term security does not include any currency, or any commodity or related contract or futures contract, or any warrant or right to subscribe to or purchase or sell any of the foregoing.