TITLE 15 - US CODE - SUBCHAPTER I - GENERAL PROVISIONS

15 USC 661 - Congressional declaration of policy

It is declared to be the policy of the Congress and the purpose of this chapter to improve and stimulate the national economy in general and the small-business segment thereof in particular by establishing a program to stimulate and supplement the flow of private equity capital and long-term loan funds which small-business concerns need for the sound financing of their business operations and for their growth, expansion, and modernization, and which are not available in adequate supply: Provided, however, That this policy shall be carried out in such manner as to insure the maximum participation of private financing sources. It is the intention of the Congress that the provisions of this chapter shall be so administered that any financial assistance provided hereunder shall not result in a substantial increase of unemployment in any area of the country. It is the intention of the Congress that in the award of financial assistance under this chapter, when practicable, priority be accorded to small business concerns which lease or purchase equipment and supplies which are produced in the United States and that small business concerns receiving such assistance be encouraged to continue to lease or purchase such equipment and supplies.

15 USC 662 - Definitions

As used in this chapter
(1) the term Administration means the Small Business Administration;
(2) the term Administrator means the Administrator of the Small Business Administration;
(3) the terms small business investment company, company, and licensee mean a company approved by the Administration to operate under the provisions of this chapter and issued a license as provided in section 681 of this title;
(4) the term State includes the several States, the territories and possessions of the United States, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the District of Columbia;
(5) the term small-business concern shall have the same meaning as in the Small Business Act [15 U.S.C. 631 et seq.], except that, for purposes of this chapter
(A) an investment by a venture capital firm, investment company (including a small business investment company) employee welfare benefit plan or pension plan, or trust, foundation, or endowment that is exempt from Federal income taxation
(i) shall not cause a business concern to be deemed not independently owned and operated regardless of the allocation of control during the investment period under any investment agreement between the business concern and the entity making the investment;
(ii) shall be disregarded in determining whether a business concern satisfies size standards established pursuant to section 3(a)(2) of the Small Business Act [15 U.S.C. 632 (a)(2)]; and
(iii) shall be disregarded in determining whether a small business concern is a smaller enterprise; and
(B) in determining whether a business concern satisfies net income standards established pursuant to section 3(a)(2) of the Small Business Act [15 U.S.C. 632 (a)(2)], if the business concern is not required by law to pay Federal income taxes at the enterprise level, but is required to pass income through to the shareholders, partners, beneficiaries, or other equitable owners of the business concern, the net income of the business concern shall be determined by allowing a deduction in an amount equal to the sum of
(i) if the business concern is not required by law to pay State (and local, if any) income taxes at the enterprise level, the net income (determined without regard to this subparagraph), multiplied by the marginal State income tax rate (or by the combined State and local income tax rates, as applicable) that would have applied if the business concern were a corporation; and
(ii) the net income (so determined) less any deduction for State (and local) income taxes calculated under clause (i), multiplied by the marginal Federal income tax rate that would have applied if the business concern were a corporation;
(6) the term development companies means enterprises incorporated under State law with the authority to promote and assist the growth and development of small-business concerns in the areas covered by their operations;
(7) the term license means a license issued by the Administration as provided in section 681 of this title;
(8) the term articles means articles of incorporation for an incorporated body and means the functional equivalent or other similar documents specified by the Administrator for other business entities;
(9) the term private capital
(A) means the sum of
(i) the paid-in capital and paid-in surplus of a corporate licensee, the contributed capital of the partners of a partnership licensee, or the equity investment of the members of a limited liability company licensee; and
(ii) unfunded binding commitments, from investors that meet criteria established by the Administrator, to contribute capital to the licensee: Provided, That such unfunded commitments may be counted as private capital for purposes of approval by the Administrator of any request for leverage, but leverage shall not be funded based on such commitments; and
(B) does not include any
(i) funds borrowed by a licensee from any source;
(ii) funds obtained through the issuance of leverage; or
(iii) funds obtained directly or indirectly from any Federal, State, or local government, or any government agency or instrumentality, except for
(I) funds obtained from the business revenues (excluding any governmental appropriation) of any federally chartered or government-sponsored corporation established prior to October 1, 1987;
(II) funds invested by an employee welfare benefit plan or pension plan; and
(III) any qualified nonprivate funds (if the investors of the qualified nonprivate funds do not control, directly or indirectly, the management, board of directors, general partners, or members of the licensee);
(10) the term leverage includes
(A) debentures purchased or guaranteed by the Administration;
(B) participating securities purchased or guaranteed by the Administration; and
(C) preferred securities outstanding as of October 1, 1995;
(11) the term third party debt means any indebtedness for borrowed money, other than indebtedness owed to the Administration;
(12) the term smaller enterprise means any small business concern that, together with its affiliates
(A) has
(i) a net financial worth of not more than $6,000,000, as of the date on which assistance is provided under this chapter to that business concern; and
(ii) an average net income for the 2-year period preceding the date on which assistance is provided under this chapter to that business concern, of not more than $2,000,000, after Federal income taxes (excluding any carryover losses) except that, for purposes of this clause, if the business concern is not required by law to pay Federal income taxes at the enterprise level, but is required to pass income through to the shareholders, partners, beneficiaries, or other equitable owners of the business concern, the net income of the business concern shall be determined by allowing a deduction in an amount equal to the sum of
(I) if the business concern is not required by law to pay State (and local, if any) income taxes at the enterprise level, the net income (determined without regard to this clause), multiplied by the marginal State income tax rate (or by the combined State and local income tax rates, as applicable) that would have applied if the business concern were a corporation; and
(II) the net income (so determined) less any deduction for State (and local) income taxes calculated under subclause (I), multiplied by the marginal Federal income tax rate that would have applied if the business concern were a corporation; or
(B) satisfies the standard industrial classification size standards established by the Administration for the industry in which the small business concern is primarily engaged;
(13) the term qualified nonprivate funds means any
(A) funds directly or indirectly invested in any applicant or licensee on or before August 16, 1982, by any Federal agency, other than the Administration, under a provision of law explicitly mandating the inclusion of those funds in the definition of the term private capital;
(B) funds directly or indirectly invested in any applicant or licensee by any Federal agency under a provision of law enacted after September 4, 1992, explicitly mandating the inclusion of those funds in the definition of the term private capital; and
(C) funds invested in any applicant or licensee by one or more State or local government entities (including any guarantee extended by those entities) in an aggregate amount that does not exceed 33 percent of the private capital of the applicant or licensee;
(14) the terms employee welfare benefit plan and pension plan have the same meanings as in section 3 of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 [29 U.S.C. 1002], and are intended to include
(A) public and private pension or retirement plans subject to such Act [29 U.S.C. 1001 et seq.]; and
(B) similar plans not covered by such Act that have been established and that are maintained by the Federal Government or any State or political subdivision, or any agency or instrumentality thereof, for the benefit of employees;
(15) the term member means, with respect to a licensee that is a limited liability company, a holder of an ownership interest or a person otherwise admitted to membership in the limited liability company;
(16) the term limited liability company means a business entity that is organized and operating in accordance with a State limited liability company statute approved by the Administration;
(17) the term long term, when used in connection with equity capital or loan funds invested in any small business concern or smaller enterprise, means any period of time not less than 1 year;
(18) the term Energy Saving debenture means a deferred interest debenture that
(A) is issued at a discount;
(B) has a 5-year maturity or a 10-year maturity;
(C) requires no interest payment or annual charge for the first 5 years;
(D) is restricted to Energy Saving qualified investments; and
(E) is issued at no cost (as defined in section 661a1 of title 2) with respect to purchasing and guaranteeing the debenture; and
(19) the term Energy Saving qualified investment means investment in a small business concern that is primarily engaged in researching, manufacturing, developing, or providing products, goods, or services that reduce the use or consumption of non-renewable energy resources.
[1] See References in Text note below.