7 USC 8201 - Definitions

In this chapter:
(1) Eligible orchardist 
The term eligible orchardist means a person that produces annual crops from trees for commercial purposes.
(2) Natural disaster 
The term natural disaster means plant disease, insect infestation, drought, fire, freeze, flood, earthquake, lightning, and other occurrence, as determined by the Secretary.
(3) Secretary 
The term Secretary means the Secretary of Agriculture.
(4) Tree 
The term tree includes a tree, bush, and vine.

7 USC 8202 - Eligibility

(a) Loss 
Subject to subsection (b) of this section, the Secretary shall provide assistance under section 8203 of this title to eligible orchardists that planted trees for commercial purposes but lost the trees as a result of a natural disaster, as determined by the Secretary.
(b) Limitation 
An eligible orchardist shall qualify for assistance under subsection (a) of this section only if the tree mortality of the eligible orchardist, as a result of damaging weather or related condition, exceeds 15 percent (adjusted for normal mortality).

7 USC 8203 - Assistance

Subject to section 8204 of this title, the assistance provided by the Secretary to eligible orchardists for losses described in section 8202 of this title shall consist of
(1) reimbursement of 75 percent of the cost of replanting trees lost due to a natural disaster, as determined by the Secretary, in excess of 15 percent mortality (adjusted for normal mortality); or
(2) at the option of the Secretary, sufficient seedlings to reestablish a stand.

7 USC 8204 - Limitations on assistance

(a) Amount 
The total amount of payments that a person shall be entitled to receive under this chapter may not exceed $75,000, or an equivalent value in tree seedlings.
(b) Acres 
The total quantity of acres planted to trees or tree seedlings for which a person shall be entitled to receive payments under this chapter may not exceed 500 acres.
(c) Regulations 
The Secretary shall promulgate regulations
(1) defining the term person for the purposes of this chapter, which shall conform, to the maximum extent practicable, to the regulations defining the term person promulgated under section 1308 of this title (before the amendment made by section 1703(a) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008)[1]; and
(2) promulgating such regulations as the Secretary determines necessary to ensure a fair and reasonable application of the limitation established under this section.
[1] See References in Text note below.

7 USC 8205 - Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are necessary to carry out this chapter.