TITLE 5 - US CODE - SUBCHAPTER VII - MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

5 USC 5371 - Health care positions

(a) For the purposes of this section, health care means direct patient-care services or services incident to direct patient-care services.
(b) The Office of Personnel Management may, with respect to any employee described in subsection (c), provide that 1 or more provisions of chapter 74 of title 38 shall apply
(1) in lieu of any provision of chapter 51 or 61, subchapter V of chapter 55, or any other provision of this chapter; or
(2) notwithstanding any lack of specific authority for a matter with respect to which chapter 51 or 61, subchapter V of chapter 55, or this chapter, relates.

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(c) Authority under subsection (b) may be exercised with respect to any employee holding a position
(1) to which chapter 51 applies, excluding any Senior Executive Service position and any position in the Federal Bureau of Investigation and Drug Enforcement Administration Senior Executive Service; and
(2) which involves health care responsibilities.

5 USC 5372 - Administrative law judges

(a) For the purposes of this section, the term administrative law judge means an administrative law judge appointed under section 3105.
(b) 
(1) 
(A) There shall be 3 levels of basic pay for administrative law judges (designated as AL1, 2, and 3, respectively), and each such judge shall be paid at 1 of those levels, in accordance with the provisions of this section.
(B) Within level AL3, there shall be 6 rates of basic pay, designated as AL3, rates A through F, respectively. Level AL2 and level AL1 shall each have 1 rate of basic pay.
(C) The rate of basic pay for AL3, rate A, may not be less than 65 percent of the rate of basic pay for level IV of the Executive Schedule, and the rate of basic pay for AL1 may not exceed the rate for level IV of the Executive Schedule.
(2) The Office of Personnel Management shall determine, in accordance with procedures which the Office shall by regulation prescribe, the level in which each administrative-law-judge position shall be placed and the qualifications to be required for appointment to each level.
(3) 
(A) Upon appointment to a position in AL3, an administrative law judge shall be paid at rate A of AL3, and shall be advanced successively to rates B, C, and D of that level at the beginning of the next pay period following completion of 52 weeks of service in the next lower rate, and to rates E and F of that level at the beginning of the next pay period following completion of 104 weeks of service in the next lower rate.
(B) The Office of Personnel Management may provide for appointment of an administrative law judge in AL3 at an advanced rate under such circumstances as the Office may determine appropriate.
(4) Subject to paragraph (1), effective at the beginning of the first applicable pay period commencing on or after the first day of the month in which an adjustment takes effect under section 5303 in the rates of basic pay under the General Schedule, each rate of basic pay for administrative law judges shall be adjusted by an amount determined by the President to be appropriate.
(c) The Office of Personnel Management shall prescribe regulations necessary to administer this section.

5 USC 5372a - Contract appeals board members

(a) For the purpose of this section
(1) the term contract appeals board member means a member of an agency board of contract appeals appointed under section 8 of the Contract Disputes Act of 1978 or a member of the Civilian Board of Contract Appeals appointed under section 42 of the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act; and
(2) the term appeals board means an agency board of contract appeals established pursuant to section 8 of the Contract Disputes Act of 1978.
(b) Rates of basic pay for contract appeals board members shall be as follows:
(1) Chairman of an appeals boardthe rate of basic pay payable for level IV of the Executive Schedule.
(2) Vice chairman of an appeals board97 percent of the rate under paragraph (1).
(3) Other members of an appeals board94 percent of the rate under paragraph (1).
(c) Rates of pay taking effect under this section shall be printed in the Federal Register and the Code of Federal Regulations.

5 USC 5372b - Administrative appeals judges

(a) For the purpose of this section
(1) the term administrative appeals judge position means a position the duties of which primarily involve reviewing decisions of administrative law judges appointed under section 3105; and
(2) the term agency means an Executive agency, as defined by section 105, but does not include the Government Accountability Office.
(b) Subject to such regulations as the Office of Personnel Management may prescribe, the head of the agency concerned shall fix the rate of basic pay for each administrative appeals judge position within such agency which is not classified above GS15 pursuant to section 5108.
(c) A rate of basic pay fixed under this section shall be
(1) not less than the minimum rate of basic pay for level AL3 under section 5372; and
(2) not greater than the maximum rate of basic pay for level AL3 under section 5372.

5 USC 5373 - Limitation on pay fixed by administrative action

(a) Except as provided in subsection (b) and by the Government Employees Salary Reform Act of 1964 (78 Stat. 400) and notwithstanding the provisions of other statutes, the head of an Executive agency or military department who is authorized to fix by administrative action the annual rate of basic pay for a position or employee may not fix the rate at more than the rate for level IV of the Executive Schedule. This section does not impair the authorities provided by
(1) sections 248, 482, 1766, and 1819 of title 12, section 206 of the Bank Conservation Act, sections 2B(b)1 and 21A(e)(4) of the Federal Home Loan Bank Act, section 2A(i)1 of the Home Owners Loan Act, and sections 5.11 and 5.58 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971;
(2) section 831b of title 16;
(3) sections 403a–403c, 403e–403h, and 403j of title 50; or
(4) [2] section 4802.
(4) [2] section 2(a)(7) of the Commodity Exchange Act (7 U.S.C. 2 (a)(7)).
(b) Subsection (a) shall not affect the authority of the Secretary of Defense or the Secretary of a military department to fix the pay of a civilian employee paid from nonappropriated funds, except that the annual rate of basic pay (including any portion of such pay attributable to comparability with private-sector pay in a locality) of such an employee may not be fixed at a rate greater than the rate for level III of the Executive Schedule.
[1] See References in Text note below.
[2] So in original. Two pars. (4) have been enacted.

5 USC 5374 - Miscellaneous positions in the executive branch

The head of the agency concerned shall fix the annual rate of basic pay for each position in the executive branch specifically referred to in, or covered by, a conforming change in statute made by section 305 of the Government Employees Salary Reform Act of 1964 (78 Stat. 422), or other position in the executive branch for which the annual pay is fixed at a rate of $18,500 or more under special provision of statute enacted before August 14, 1964, which is not placed in a level of the Executive Schedule set forth in subchapter II of this chapter, at a rate equal to the pay rate of a grade and step of the General Schedule set forth in section 5332 of this title. The head of the agency concerned shall report each action taken under this section to the Office of Personnel Management and publish a notice thereof in the Federal Register, except when the President determines that the report and publication would be contrary to the interest of national security.

5 USC 5375 - Police force of the National Zoological Park

The Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution shall fix the annual rates of basic pay for positions on the police force of the National Zoological Park as follows:
(1) Private, not more than the maximum annual rate of basic pay payable for grade GS7 of the General Schedule.
(2) Sergeant, not more than the maximum annual rate of basic pay payable for grade GS8 of the General Schedule.
(3) Lieutenant, not more than the maximum annual rate of basic pay payable for grade GS9 of the General Schedule.
(4) Captain, not more than the maximum annual rate of basic pay payable for grade GS10 of the General Schedule.

5 USC 5376 - Pay for certain senior-level positions

(a) This section applies to
(1) positions that are classified above GS15 pursuant to section 5108; and
(2) scientific or professional positions established under section 3104; but does not apply to
(A) any Senior Executive Service position under section 3132; or
(B) any position in the Federal Bureau of Investigation and Drug Enforcement Administration Senior Executive Service under section 3151.
(b) 
(1) Subject to such regulations as the Office of Personnel Management prescribes, the head of the agency concerned shall fix the rate of basic pay for any position within such agency to which this section applies. A rate fixed under this section shall be
(A) not less than 120 percent of the minimum rate of basic pay payable for GS15 of the General Schedule; and
(B) subject to paragraph (3), not greater than the rate of basic pay payable for level III of the Executive Schedule.

The payment of a rate of basic pay under this section shall not be subject to the pay limitation of section 5306 (e) or 5373.

(2) Subject to paragraph (1), effective at the beginning of the first applicable pay period commencing on or after the first day of the month in which an adjustment takes effect under section 5303 in the rates of pay under the General Schedule, each rate of pay established under this section for positions within an agency shall be adjusted by such amount as the head of such agency considers appropriate.
(3) In the case of an agency which has a performance appraisal system which, as designed and applied, is certified under section 5307 (d) as making meaningful distinctions based on relative performance, paragraph (1)(B) shall apply as if the reference to level III were a reference to level II.
(4) No employee may suffer a reduction in pay by reason of transfer from an agency with an applicable maximum rate of pay prescribed under paragraph (3) to an agency with an applicable maximum rate of pay prescribed under paragraph (1)(B).

5 USC 5377 - Pay authority for critical positions

(a) For the purpose of this section
(1) the term agency has the meaning given it by section 5102; and
(2) the term position means
(A) a position to which chapter 51 applies, including a position in the Senior Executive Service or the Federal Bureau of Investigation and Drug Enforcement Administration Senior Executive Service;
(B) a position under the Executive Schedule under sections 5312–5317;
(C) a position to which section 5372 applies (or would apply, but for this section);
(D) a position to which section 5372a applies (or would apply, but for this section);
(E) a position established under section 3104;
(F) a position in a category as to which a designation is in effect under subsection (i); and
(G) a position at the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the primary duties and responsibilities of which relate to intelligence functions (as determined by the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation).
(b) Authority under this section
(1) may be granted or exercised only with respect to a position
(A) which requires expertise of an extremely high level in a scientific, technical, professional, or administrative field; and
(B) which is critical to the agencys successful accomplishment of an important mission; and
(2) may be granted or exercised only to the extent necessary to recruit or retain an individual exceptionally well qualified for the position.
(c) The Office of Personnel Management, in consultation with the Office of Management and Budget, may, upon the request of the head of an agency, grant authority to fix the rate of basic pay for 1 or more positions in such agency in accordance with this section.
(d) 
(1) The rate of basic pay fixed under this section by an agency head may not be less than the rate of basic pay (including any comparability payments) which would then otherwise be payable for the position involved if this section had never been enacted.
(2) Basic pay may not be fixed under this section at a rate greater than the rate payable for level I of the Executive Schedule, except upon written approval of the President.
(e) The authority to fix the rate of basic pay under this section for a position shall terminate
(1) whenever the Office of Personnel Management determines (in accordance with such procedures and subject to such terms or conditions as such Office by regulation prescribes) that 1 or more of the requirements of subsection (b) are no longer met; or
(2) as of such date as such Office may otherwise specify, except that termination under this paragraph may not take effect before the authority has been available for such position for at least 1 calendar year.
(f) The Office of Personnel Management may not authorize the exercise of authority under this section with respect to more than 800 positions at any time, of which not more than 30 may, at any such time, be positions the rate of basic pay for which would otherwise be determined under subchapter II.
(g) The Office of Personnel Management shall consult with the Office of Management and Budget before making any decision to grant or terminate any authority under this section.
(h) The Office of Personnel Management shall report to the Committee on Government Reform of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Governmental Affairs of the Senate each year, in writing, on the operation of this section. Each report under this subsection shall include
(1) the number of positions, in the aggregate and by agency, for which higher rates of pay were authorized or paid under this section during any part of the period covered by such report; and
(2) the name of each employee to whom a higher rate of pay was paid under this section during any portion of the period covered by such report, the rate on rates paid under this section during such period, the dates between which each such higher rate was paid, and the rate or rates that would have been paid but for this section.
(i) 
(1) For the purpose of this subsection, the term position means the work, consisting of the duties and responsibilities, assignable to an employee, except that such term does not include any position under subsection (a)(2)(A)(E).
(2) At the request of an agency head, the President may designate 1 or more categories of positions within such agency to be treated, for purposes of this section, as positions within the meaning of subsection (a)(2).

5 USC 5378 - Police forces of the Bureau of Engraving and Printing and the United States Mint

(a) The Secretary of the Department of the Treasury, or his designee, in his sole discretion shall fix the rates of basic pay for positions within the police forces of the United States Mint and the Bureau of Engraving and Printing without regard to the pay provisions of title 5, United States Code, except that no entry-level police officer shall receive basic pay for a calendar year that is less than the basic rate of pay for General Schedule GS7 and no executive security official shall receive basic compensation for a calendar year that exceeds the basic rate of pay for General Schedule GS15.
(b) For the purpose of this section, the term police forces of the Bureau of Engraving and Printing and the United States Mint means the employees of the Department of the Treasury who are appointed, under the authority of the Secretary of the Treasury, as police officers for the protection of the Bureau of Engraving and Printing and the United States Mint buildings and property.

5 USC 5379 - Student loan repayments

(a) 
(1) For the purpose of this section
(A) the term agency means an agency under subparagraph (A), (B), (C), (D), or (E) of section 4101 (1) of this title, the Architect of the Capitol, the Botanic Garden, and the Office of Congressional Accessibility Services; and
(B) the term student loan means
(i) a loan made, insured, or guaranteed under part B of title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1071 et seq.);
(ii) a loan made under part D or E of title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1087a et seq., 1087aa et seq.); and
(iii) a health education assistance loan made or insured under part A of title VII of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 292 et seq.) or under part E of title VIII of such Act (42 U.S.C. 297a et seq.).
(2) An employee shall be ineligible for benefits under this section if the employee occupies a position that is excepted from the competitive service because of its confidential, policy-determining, policy-making, or policy-advocating character.
(b) 
(1) The head of an agency may, in order to recruit or retain highly qualified personnel, establish a program under which the agency may agree to repay (by direct payments on behalf of the employee) any student loan previously taken out by such employee.
(2) Payments under this section shall be made subject to such terms, limitations, or conditions as may be mutually agreed to by the agency and employee concerned, except that the amount paid by an agency under this section may not exceed
(A) $10,000 for any employee in any calendar year; or
(B) a total of $60,000 in the case of any employee.
(3) Nothing in this section shall be considered to authorize an agency to pay any amount to reimburse an employee for any repayments made by such employee prior to the agencys entering into an agreement under this section with such employee.
(c) 
(1) An employee selected to receive benefits under this section must agree in writing, before receiving any such benefit, that the employee will
(A) remain in the service of the agency for a period specified in the agreement (not less than 3 years), unless involuntarily separated; and
(B) if separated involuntarily on account of misconduct, or voluntarily, before the end of the period specified in the agreement, repay to the Government the amount of any benefits received by such employee from that agency under this section.
(2) The payment agreed to under paragraph (1)(B) of this subsection may not be required of an employee who leaves the service of such employees agency voluntarily to enter into the service of any other agency unless the head of the agency that authorized the benefits notifies the employee before the effective date of such employees entrance into the service of the other agency that payment will be required under this subsection.
(3) If an employee who is involuntarily separated on account of misconduct or who (excluding any employee relieved of liability under paragraph (2) of this subsection) is voluntarily separated before completing the required period of service fails to repay the amount agreed to under paragraph (1)(B) of this subsection, a sum equal to the amount outstanding is recoverable by the Government from the employee (or such employees estate, if applicable) by
(A) setoff against accrued pay, compensation, amount of retirement credit, or other amount due the employee from the Government; and
(B) such other method as is provided by law for the recovery of amounts owing to the Government.

The head of the agency concerned may waive, in whole or in part, a right of recovery under this subsection if it is shown that recovery would be against equity and good conscience or against the public interest.

(4) Any amount repaid by, or recovered from, an individual (or an estate) under this subsection shall be credited to the appropriation account from which the amount involved was originally paid. Any amount so credited shall be merged with other sums in such account and shall be available for the same purposes and period, and subject to the same limitations (if any), as the sums with which merged.
(d) An employee receiving benefits under this section from an agency shall be ineligible for continued benefits under this section from such agency if the employee
(1) separates from such agency; or
(2) does not maintain an acceptable level of performance, as determined under standards and procedures which the agency head shall by regulation prescribe.
(e) In selecting employees to receive benefits under this section, an agency shall, consistent with the merit system principles set forth in paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 2301 (b) of this title, take into consideration the need to maintain a balanced workforce in which women and members of racial and ethnic minority groups are appropriately represented in Government service.
(f) Any benefit under this section shall be in addition to basic pay and any other form of compensation otherwise payable to the employee involved.
(g) The Director of the Office of Personnel Management, after consultation with heads of a representative number and variety of agencies and any other consultation which the Director considers appropriate, shall prescribe regulations containing such standards and requirements as the Director considers necessary to provide for reasonable uniformity among programs under this section.
(h) 
(1) Each head of an agency shall maintain, and annually submit to the Director of the Office of Personnel Management, information with respect to the agency on
(A) the number of Federal employees selected to receive benefits under this section;
(B) the job classifications for the recipients; and
(C) the cost to the Federal Government of providing the benefits.
(2) The Director of the Office of Personnel Management shall prepare, and annually submit to Congress, a report containing the information submitted under paragraph (1), and information identifying the agencies that have provided benefits under this section.

5 USC 5380 - Repealed. Pub. L. 102378, 8(a), Oct. 2, 1992, 106 Stat. 1359]

Section, added Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title XII, 1206(i)(1), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1662, related to pay authority for critical positions. See section 5377 of this title. Pub. L. 102–378, § 8(a), repealed Pub. L. 101–510, § 1206(i)(1), and provided that this title shall read as if section 1206 (i)(1) had not been enacted. Pub. L. 101–510, § 1206(i)(3), provided that (A) unless section 5380 of this title did not take effect as provided in subpar. (B), such section would cease to be in effect on the earlier of Oct. 1, 1992, or the date of the enactment of the Federal Employees Pay Comparability Act of 1990 [Nov. 5, 1990], and (B) section 5380 of this title would not take effect if the Federal Employees Pay Comparability Act of 1990 [Pub. L. 101–509] was enacted before the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 5, 1990]. Pub. L. 102–378, § 8(a), repealed Pub. L. 101–510, § 1206(i)(3), and provided that this title shall read as if section 1206 (i)(3) had not been enacted.