7 USC 7901 - Definitions

In this chapter (other than subchapter III of this chapter):
(1) Agricultural Act of 1949 
The term Agricultural Act of 1949 means the Agricultural Act of 1949 (7 U.S.C. 1421 et seq.), as in effect prior to the suspensions under section 7301 of this title.
(2) Base acres 
The term base acres, with respect to a covered commodity on a farm, means the number of acres established under section 7911 of this title with respect to the covered commodity on the election made by the owner of the farm under subsection (a) of such section.
(3) Counter-cyclical payment 
The term counter-cyclical payment means a payment made to producers on a farm under section 7914 of this title.
(4) Covered commodity 
The term covered commodity means wheat, corn, grain sorghum, barley, oats, upland cotton, rice, soybeans, and other oilseeds.

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(5) Direct payment 
The term direct payment means a payment made to producers on a farm under section 7913 of this title.
(6) Effective price 
The term effective price, with respect to a covered commodity for a crop year, means the price calculated by the Secretary under section 7914 of this title to determine whether counter-cyclical payments are required to be made for that crop year.
(7) Extra long staple cotton 
The term extra long staple cotton means cotton that
(A) is produced from pure strain varieties of the Barbadense species or any hybrid thereof, or other similar types of extra long staple cotton, designated by the Secretary, having characteristics needed for various end uses for which United States upland cotton is not suitable and grown in irrigated cotton-growing regions of the United States designated by the Secretary or other areas designated by the Secretary as suitable for the production of the varieties or types; and
(B) is ginned on a roller-type gin or, if authorized by the Secretary, ginned on another type gin for experimental purposes.
(8) Loan commodity 
The term loan commodity means wheat, corn, grain sorghum, barley, oats, upland cotton, extra long staple cotton, rice, soybeans, other oilseeds, wool, mohair, honey, dry peas, lentils, and small chickpeas.
(9) Other oilseed 
The term other oilseed means a crop of sunflower seed, rapeseed, canola, safflower, flaxseed, mustard seed, crambe, sesame seed, or, if designated by the Secretary, another oilseed.
(10) Payment acres 
The term payment acres means 85 percent of the base acres of a covered commodity on a farm, as established under section 7911 of this title, on which direct payments and counter-cyclical payments are made.
(11) Payment yield 

(A) In general 
The term payment yield means the yield established under section 7912 of this title for a farm for a covered commodity.

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(B) Updated payment yield 
The term updated payment yield means the payment yield elected by the owner of a farm under section 7912 (e) of this title to be used in calculating the counter-cyclical payments for the farm.
(12) Producer 
The term producer means an owner, operator, landlord, tenant, or sharecropper that shares in the risk of producing a crop and is entitled to share in the crop available for marketing from the farm, or would have shared had the crop been produced. In determining whether a grower of hybrid seed is a producer, the Secretary shall not take into consideration the existence of a hybrid seed contract and shall ensure that program requirements do not adversely affect the ability of the grower to receive a payment under this chapter.
(13) Secretary 
The term Secretary means the Secretary of Agriculture.
(14) State 
The term State means each of the several States of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and any other territory or possession of the United States.
(15) Target price 
The term target price means the price per bushel (or other appropriate unit in the case of upland cotton, rice, and other oilseeds) of a covered commodity used to determine the payment rate for counter-cyclical payments.
(16) United States 
The term United States, when used in a geographical sense, means all of the States.