7 USC 1502 - Purpose; definitions; protection of information; relation to other laws

(a) Purpose 
It is the purpose of this subchapter to promote the national welfare by improving the economic stability of agriculture through a sound system of crop insurance and providing the means for the research and experience helpful in devising and establishing such insurance.
(b) Definitions 
As used in this subchapter:
(1) Additional coverage 
The term additional coverage means a plan of crop insurance coverage providing a level of coverage greater than the level available under catastrophic risk protection.
(2) Approved insurance provider 
The term approved insurance provider means a private insurance provider that has been approved by the Corporation to provide insurance coverage to producers participating in the Federal crop insurance program established under this subchapter.

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(3) Board 
The term Board means the Board of Directors of the Corporation established under section 1505 (a) of this title.
(4) Corporation 
The term Corporation means the Federal Crop Insurance Corporation established under section 1503 of this title.
(5) Department 
The term Department means the United States Department of Agriculture.
(6) Loss ratio 
The term loss ratio means the ratio of all sums paid by the Corporation as indemnities under any eligible crop insurance policy to that portion of the premium designated for anticipated losses and a reasonable reserve, other than that portion of the premium designated for operating and administrative expenses.
(7) Organic crop 
The term organic crop means an agricultural commodity that is organically produced consistent with section 6502 of this title.
(8) Secretary 
The term Secretary means the Secretary of Agriculture.
(9) Transitional yield 
The term transitional yield means the maximum average production per acre or equivalent measure that is assigned to acreage for a crop year by the Corporation in accordance with the regulations of the Corporation whenever the producer fails
(A) to certify that acceptable documentation of production and acreage for the crop year is in the possession of the producer; or
(B) to present the acceptable documentation on the demand of the Corporation or an insurance company reinsured by the Corporation.
(c) Protection of confidential information 

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(1) General prohibition against disclosure 
Except as provided in paragraph (2), the Secretary, any other officer or employee of the Department or an agency thereof, an approved insurance provider and its employees and contractors, and any other person may not disclose to the public information furnished by a producer under this subchapter.
(2) Authorized disclosure 

(A) Disclosure in statistical or aggregate form 
Information described in paragraph (1) may be disclosed to the public if the information has been transformed into a statistical or aggregate form that does not allow the identification of the person who supplied particular information.
(B) Consent of producer 
A producer may consent to the disclosure of information described in paragraph (1). The participation of the producer in, and the receipt of any benefit by the producer under, this subchapter or any other program administered by the Secretary may not be conditioned on the producer providing consent under this paragraph.
(3) Violations; penalties 
Section 2276 (c) of this title shall apply with respect to the release of information collected in any manner or for any purpose prohibited by this subsection.
(d) Relation to other laws 

(1) Terms and conditions of policies and plans 
The terms and conditions of any policy or plan of insurance offered under this subchapter that is reinsured by the Corporation shall not
(A) be subject to the jurisdiction of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission or the Securities and Exchange Commission; or
(B) be considered to be accounts, agreements (including any transaction that is of the character of, or is commonly known to the trade as, an option, privilege, indemnity, bid, offer, put, call, advance guaranty, or decline guaranty), or transactions involving contracts of sale of a commodity for future delivery, traded or executed on a contract market for the purposes of the Commodity Exchange Act (7 U.S.C. 1 et seq.).
(2) Effect on CFTC and Commodity Exchange Act 
Nothing in this subchapter affects the jurisdiction of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission or the applicability of the Commodity Exchange Act (7 U.S.C. 1 et seq.) to any transaction conducted on a contract market under that Act by an approved insurance provider to offset the approved insurance providers risk under a plan or policy of insurance under this subchapter.