696 F2d 1112 Cormier v. Oceanic Contractors Inc

696 F.2d 1112

Leland CORMIER, Plaintiff-Appellee,
OCEANIC CONTRACTORS, INC. and Insurance Company of North
America (a/k/a INA Corporation), Defendants-Appellants.

No. 82-3226
Summary Calendar.

United States Court of Appeals,
Fifth Circuit.

Jan. 31, 1983.
Rehearing and Rehearing En Banc Denied March 29, 1983.

Lemle, Kelleher, Kohlmeyer & Matthews, James H. Daigle, New Orleans, La., for defendants-appellants.

Joseph J. Weigand, Jr., Houma, La., for plaintiff-appellee.

Appeal from the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana.

Before CLARK, Chief Judge, POLITZ and HIGGINBOTHAM, Circuit Judges.



An employer appeals from an award of damages entered by the trial judge for injuries to a welder, employed by it in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. The welder was injured when he fell while working aboard a barge moored for loading. The trial court concluded that the welder was not a Jones Act seaman, that neither the employer nor the employee were negligent, and awarded damages for breach of a Sieracki1 warranty of seaworthiness under this court's decision in Aparicio v. Swan Lake, 643 F.2d 1109 (5th Cir.1981).


The employer's argument here is primarily an attack upon the continued vitality of this court's decision in Aparicio. It also urges a failure of the trial court to credit certain workers' compensation benefits to the judgment. Bound by that decision and finding no merit to its claimed credit to the judgment we affirm.


In Aparicio, we held that the 1972 Amendment to the Longshoremen's and Harbor Workers' Compensation Act, 86 Stat. 1251, 1263, 33 U.S.C. Sec. 901 et seq., Sec. 905, did not deny the warranty of seaworthiness to workers not covered by the LHWCA. Here the employee, although a harborworker, was not under the reach of the LHWCA because he worked in a foreign country. The Aparicio panel in dictum anticipated this case, referring to such situations as "pockets of Sieracki seamen remaining after the 1972 amendments." Id. 643 F.2d at 1118 n. 17. The employer points to Normile v. Maritime Co. of Philippines, 643 F.2d 1380 (9th Cir.1981), decided four days after Aparicio, holding that Congress by its 1972 amendments to the LHWCA effectively eliminated the Sieracki warranty. Normile rejected the idea that Congress eliminated the Sieracki warranty of seaworthiness only for persons within the coverage of the LHWCA. As virtually conceded by the employer, Aparicio controls this case. While the attack on Aparicio is not frivolous its premise was considered and rejected in Aparicio and may properly be reconsidered only en banc.


The employer's argument that it should have been credited with workers' compensation benefits is flawed. It failed to raise the argument below and any error is not plain. See Harden v. United States, 688 F.2d 1025, 1032 (5th Cir.1982). Indeed, it did not plead payment as an affirmative defense. See Fed.Rules of Civ.Proc. 8(c).




Seas Shipping Co. v. Sieracki, 328 U.S. 85, 66 S.Ct. 872, 90 L.Ed. 1099 (1946)