582 F2d 966 Marshall v. Westinghouse Electric Corporation

582 F.2d 966

18 Fair Empl.Prac.Cas. 501, 18 Empl. Prac.
Dec. P 8669
F. Ray MARSHALL, Secretary of Labor, U. S. Department of
Labor, Plaintiff-Appellant, Cross-Appellee,
Defendants-Appellees, Cross-Appellants.

No. 76-3672.

United States Court of Appeals,
Fifth Circuit.

Oct. 26, 1978.

Marvin Tincher, Regional Atty., Nashville, Tenn., Carin Ann Clauss, Associate Sol., Alfred G. Albert, Acting Sol., Jacob I. Karro, Heidi D. Miller, Attys., U. S. Dept. of Labor, Washington, D. C., for plaintiff-appellant, cross-appellee.

Ray C. Muller, Miami, Fla., Stuart Saltman, Pittsburgh, Pa., Herbert B. Mintz, Miami, Fla., for defendants-appellees, cross-appellants.

Appeals from the United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida.


Before BROWN, Chief Judge, THORNBERRY and CLARK, Circuit Judges.


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In his Petition for Rehearing and for Rehearing En Banc, Appellant urges that the prior opinion in this case, 576 F.2d 588 (5th Cir. 1978), is inconsistent with the holdings of Hodgson v. First Federal Savings & Loan Assoc., 455 F.2d 818 (5th Cir. 1972), and Turner v. Texas Instruments, Inc., 555 F.2d 1251 (5th Cir. 1977). We recognize that Hodgson might be read to have held that in a suit involving the Age Discrimination in Employment Act, 29 U.S.C. §§ 621-634, once the plaintiff establishes a prima facie case, the burden of persuasion as well as the burden of production shifts to the defendant. See, e. g., Rodriguez v. Taylor, 569 F.2d 1231, 1239 n.15 (3d Cir. 1977), Cert. denied, --- U.S. ----, 98 S.Ct. 2254, 56 L.Ed.2d 414 (1978); United States v. Hayes International Corp., 456 F.2d 112, 120 (5th Cir. 1972). The Hodgson panel, however, never explicitly characterized the burden that shifted to defendant. Furthermore, several later panels in this circuit have read Hodgson differently than the above courts and have stated that only the burden of production should shift to the ADEA defendant. Price v. Maryland Casualty Co., 561 F.2d 609, 612 (5th Cir. 1977); Marshall v. Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co., 554 F.2d 730, 736 (5th Cir. 1977); Bittar v. Air Canada, 512 F.2d 582, 582 (5th Cir. 1975). Whatever the interpretation we might now give to Hodgson, we feel constrained by these later cases to adhere to our original holding that only the burden of production shifts to the defendant once an ADEA plaintiff establishes a prima facie case. The opinions that have cited Hodgson for the contrary proposition are not persuasive in this case because they either have concerned non-ADEA controversies or they are from other circuit courts of appeals. It is for this reason also that we must refuse to follow the rationale of Turner v. Texas Instruments, Inc., 555 F.2d 1251 (5th Cir. 1977). Turner held that, after the plaintiff established a prima facie case, the burden of persuasion shifted to the defendant in a Title VII race discrimination suit. Although Title VII and the ADEA have often been construed similarly, see Marshall v. Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co., 554 F.2d 730, 735 (5th Cir. 1977), we cannot automatically apply Title VII precedent when there is, as here, a long line of ADEA cases that require a contrary result.


Accordingly, the Petition for Rehearing is Denied and no member of this panel or Judge in regular active service on the Court having requested that the Court be polled on rehearing en banc, (Rule 35 Federal Rules of Appellate Procedure; Local Fifth Circuit Rule 12) the Petition for Rehearing En Banc is Denied.