42 USC 247d6 - Public health countermeasures to a bioterrorist attack

(a) All-hazards public health and medical response curricula and training 

(1) In general 
The Secretary, in collaboration with the Secretary of Defense, and in consultation with relevant public and private entities, shall develop core health and medical response curricula and trainings by adapting applicable existing curricula and training programs to improve responses to public health emergencies.
(2) Curriculum 
The public health and medical response training program may include course work related to
(A) medical management of casualties, taking into account the needs of at-risk individuals;

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(B) public health aspects of public health emergencies;
(C) mental health aspects of public health emergencies;
(D) national incident management, including coordination among Federal, State, local, tribal, international agencies, and other entities; and
(E) protecting health care workers and health care first responders from workplace exposures during a public health emergency.
(3) Peer review 
On a periodic basis, products prepared as part of the program shall be rigorously tested and peer-reviewed by experts in the relevant fields.
(4) Credit 
The Secretary and the Secretary of Defense shall
(A) take into account continuing professional education requirements of public health and healthcare professions; and
(B) cooperate with State, local, and tribal accrediting agencies and with professional associations in arranging for students enrolled in the program to obtain continuing professional education credit for program courses.
(5) Dissemination and training 

(A) In general 
The Secretary may provide for the dissemination and teaching of the materials described in paragraphs (1) and (2) by appropriate means, as determined by the Secretary.

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(B) Certain entities 
The education and training activities described in subparagraph (A) may be carried out by Federal public health or medical entities, appropriate educational entities, professional organizations and societies, private accrediting organizations, and other nonprofit institutions or entities meeting criteria established by the Secretary.
(C) Grants and contracts 
In carrying out this subsection, the Secretary may carry out activities directly or through the award of grants and contracts, and may enter into interagency agreements with other Federal agencies.
(b) Advice to the Federal Government 

(1) Required advisory committees 
In coordination with the working group under subsection (a) of this section, the Secretary shall establish advisory committees in accordance with paragraphs (2) and (3) to provide expert recommendations to assist such working groups in carrying out their respective responsibilities under subsections (a) and (b) of this section.
(2) National Advisory Committee on At-Risk Individuals and Public Health Emergencies 

(A) In general 
For purposes of paragraph (1), the Secretary shall establish an advisory committee to be known as the National Advisory Committee on At-Risk Individuals and Public Health Emergencies (referred to in this paragraph as the Advisory Committee).
(B) Duties 
The Advisory Committee shall provide recommendations regarding
(i) the preparedness of the health care (including mental health care) system to respond to public health emergencies as they relate to at-risk individuals;
(ii) needed changes to the health care and emergency medical service systems and emergency medical services protocols to meet the special needs of at-risk individuals; and
(iii) changes, if necessary, to the national stockpile under section 300hh–12 of this title to meet the emergency health security of at-risk individuals.
(C) Composition 
The Advisory Committee shall be composed of such Federal officials as may be appropriate to address the special needs of the diverse population groups of at-risk populations.
(D) Termination 
The Advisory Committee terminates six years after June 12, 2002.
(3) Emergency Public Information and Communications Advisory Committee 

(A) In general 
For purposes of paragraph (1), the Secretary shall establish an advisory committee to be known as the Emergency Public Information and Communications Advisory Committee (referred to in this paragraph as the EPIC Advisory Committee).
(B) Duties 
The EPIC Advisory Committee shall make recommendations to the Secretary and report on appropriate ways to communicate public health information regarding bioterrorism and other public health emergencies to the public.
(C) Composition 
The EPIC Advisory Committee shall be composed of individuals representing a diverse group of experts in public health, medicine, communications, behavioral psychology, and other areas determined appropriate by the Secretary.
(D) Dissemination 
The Secretary shall review the recommendations of the EPIC Advisory Committee and ensure that appropriate information is disseminated to the public.
(E) Termination 
The EPIC Advisory Committee terminates one year after June 12, 2002.
(c) Expansion of Epidemic Intelligence Service Program 
The Secretary may establish 20 officer positions in the Epidemic Intelligence Service Program, in addition to the number of the officer positions offered under such Program in 2006, for individuals who agree to participate, for a period of not less than 2 years, in the Career Epidemiology Field Officer program in a State, local, or tribal health department that serves a health professional shortage area (as defined under section 254e (a) of this title), a medically underserved population (as defined under section 254b (b)(3) of this title), or a medically underserved area or area at high risk of a public health emergency as designated by the Secretary.
(d) Centers for Public Health Preparedness; core curricula and training 

(1) In general 
The Secretary may establish at accredited schools of public health, Centers for Public Health Preparedness (hereafter referred to in this section as the Centers).
(2) Eligibility 
To be eligible to receive an award under this subsection to establish a Center, an accredited school of public health shall agree to conduct activities consistent with the requirements of this subsection.
(3) Core curricula 
The Secretary, in collaboration with the Centers and other public or private entities shall establish core curricula based on established competencies leading to a 4-year bachelors degree, a graduate degree, a combined bachelor and masters degree, or a certificate program, for use by each Center. The Secretary shall disseminate such curricula to other accredited schools of public health and other health professions schools determined appropriate by the Secretary, for voluntary use by such schools.
(4) Core competency-based training program 
The Secretary, in collaboration with the Centers and other public or private entities shall facilitate the development of a competency-based training program to train public health practitioners. The Centers shall use such training program to train public health practitioners. The Secretary shall disseminate such training program to other accredited schools of public health, health professions schools, and other public or private entities as determined by the Secretary, for voluntary use by such entities.
(5) Content of core curricula and training program 
The Secretary shall ensure that the core curricula and training program established pursuant to this subsection respond to the needs of State, local, and tribal public health authorities and integrate and emphasize essential public health security capabilities consistent with section 300hh–1 (b)(2) of this title.
(6) Academic-workforce communication 
As a condition of receiving funding from the Secretary under this subsection, a Center shall collaborate with a State, local, or tribal public health department to
(A) define the public health preparedness and response needs of the community involved;
(B) assess the extent to which such needs are fulfilled by existing preparedness and response activities of such school or health department, and how such activities may be improved;
(C) prior to developing new materials or trainings, evaluate and utilize relevant materials and trainings developed by others Centers; and
(D) evaluate community impact and the effectiveness of any newly developed materials or trainings.
(7) Public health systems research 
In consultation with relevant public and private entities, the Secretary shall define the existing knowledge base for public health preparedness and response systems, and establish a research agenda based on Federal, State, local, and tribal public health preparedness priorities. As a condition of receiving funding from the Secretary under this subsection, a Center shall conduct public health systems research that is consistent with the agenda described under this paragraph.
(e) Accelerated research and development on priority pathogens and countermeasures 

(1) In general 
With respect to pathogens of potential use in a bioterrorist attack, and other agents that may cause a public health emergency, the Secretary, taking into consideration any recommendations of the working group under subsection (a) of this section, shall conduct, and award grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements for, research, investigations, experiments, demonstrations, and studies in the health sciences relating to
(A) the epidemiology and pathogenesis of such pathogens;
(B) the sequencing of the genomes, or other DNA analysis, or other comparative analysis, of priority pathogens (as determined by the Director of the National Institutes of Health in consultation with the working group established in subsection (a) of this section), in collaboration and coordination with the activities of the Department of Defense and the Joint Genome Institute of the Department of Energy;
(C) the development of priority countermeasures; and
(D) other relevant areas of research;

with consideration given to the needs of children and other vulnerable populations.

(2) Priority 
The Secretary shall give priority under this section to the funding of research and other studies related to priority countermeasures.
(3) Role of Department of Veterans Affairs 
In carrying out paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consider using the biomedical research and development capabilities of the Department of Veterans Affairs, in conjunction with that Departments affiliations with health-professions universities. When advantageous to the Government in furtherance of the purposes of such paragraph, the Secretary may enter into cooperative agreements with the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to achieve such purposes.
(4) Priority countermeasures 
For purposes of this section, the term priority countermeasure means a drug, biological product, device, vaccine, vaccine adjuvant, antiviral, or diagnostic test that the Secretary determines to be
(A) a priority to treat, identify, or prevent infection by a biological agent or toxin listed pursuant to section 262a (a)(1) of this title, or harm from any other agent that may cause a public health emergency; or
(B) a priority to treat, identify, or prevent conditions that may result in adverse health consequences or death and may be caused by the administering of a drug, biological product, device, vaccine, vaccine adjuvant, antiviral, or diagnostic test that is a priority under subparagraph (A).
(f) Authorization of appropriations 

(1) Fiscal year 2007 
There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section for fiscal year 2007
(A) to carry out subsection (a)
(i) $5,000,000 to carry out paragraphs (1) through (4); and
(ii) $7,000,000 to carry out paragraph (5);
(B) to carry out subsection (c), $3,000,000; and
(C) to carry out subsection (d), $31,000,000, of which $5,000,000 shall be used to carry out paragraphs (3) through (5) of such subsection.
(2) Subsequent fiscal years 
There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out this section for fiscal year 2008 and each subsequent fiscal year.