38 USC 7402 - Qualifications of appointees

(a) To be eligible for appointment to the positions in the Administration covered by subsection (b), a person must have the applicable qualifications set forth in that subsection.
(b) 
(1) Physician.— 
To be eligible to be appointed to a physician position, a person must
(A) hold the degree of doctor of medicine or of doctor of osteopathy from a college or university approved by the Secretary,

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(B) have completed an internship satisfactory to the Secretary, and
(C) be licensed to practice medicine, surgery, or osteopathy in a State.
(2) Dentist.— 
To be eligible to be appointed to a dentist position, a person must
(A) hold the degree of doctor of dental surgery or dental medicine from a college or university approved by the Secretary, and
(B) be licensed to practice dentistry in a State.
(3) Nurse.— 
To be eligible to be appointed to a nurse position, a person must
(A) have successfully completed a full course of nursing in a recognized school of nursing, approved by the Secretary, and
(B) be registered as a graduate nurse in a State.
(4) Director of a Hospital, Domiciliary, Center, or Outpatient Clinic.— 
To be eligible to be appointed to a director position, a person must have such business and administrative experience and qualifications as the Secretary shall prescribe.
(5) Podiatrist.— 
To be eligible to be appointed to a podiatrist position, a person must

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(A) hold the degree of doctor of podiatric medicine, or its equivalent, from a school of podiatric medicine approved by the Secretary, and
(B) be licensed to practice podiatry in a State.
(6) Optometrist.— 
To be eligible to be appointed to an optometrist position, a person must
(A) hold the degree of doctor of optometry, or its equivalent, from a school of optometry approved by the Secretary, and
(B) be licensed to practice optometry in a State.
(7) Pharmacist.— 
To be eligible to be appointed to a pharmacist position, a person must
(A) hold the degree of bachelor of science in pharmacy, or its equivalent, from a school of pharmacy, approved by the Secretary, and
(B) be registered as a pharmacist in a State.
(8) Psychologist.— 
To be eligible to be appointed to a psychologist position, a person must
(A) hold a doctoral degree in psychology from a college or university approved by the Secretary,
(B) have completed study for such degree in a specialty area of psychology and an internship which are satisfactory to the Secretary, and
(C) be licensed or certified as a psychologist in a State, except that the Secretary may waive the requirement of licensure or certification for an individual psychologist for a period not to exceed two years on the condition that that psychologist provide patient care only under the direct supervision of a psychologist who is so licensed or certified.
(9) Social Worker.— 
To be eligible to be appointed to a social worker position, a person must
(A) hold a masters degree in social work from a college or university approved by the Secretary; and
(B) be licensed or certified to independently practice social work in a State, except that the Secretary may waive the requirement of licensure or certification for an individual social worker for a reasonable period of time recommended by the Under Secretary for Health.
(10) Marriage and Family Therapist.— 
To be eligible to be appointed to a marriage and family therapist position, a person must
(A) hold a masters degree in marriage and family therapy, or a comparable degree in mental health, from a college or university approved by the Secretary; and
(B) be licensed or certified to independently practice marriage and family therapy in a State, except that the Secretary may waive the requirement of licensure or certification for an individual marriage and family therapist for a reasonable period of time recommended by the Under Secretary for Health.
(11) [1] Licensed Professional Mental Health Counselor.To be eligible to be appointed to a licensed professional mental health counselor position, a person must
(A) hold a masters degree in mental health counseling, or a related field, from a college or university approved by the Secretary; and
(B) be licensed or certified to independently practice mental health counseling.
(12) Chiropractor.— 
To be eligible to be appointed to a chiropractor position, a person must
(A) hold the degree of doctor of chiropractic, or its equivalent, from a college of chiropractic approved by the Secretary; and
(B) be licensed to practice chiropractic in a State.
(11) [2] Other Health-Care Positions.To be appointed as a physician assistant, expanded-function dental auxiliary, certified or registered respiratory therapist, licensed physical therapist, licensed practical or vocational nurse, occupational therapist, dietitian, microbiologist, chemist, biostatistician, medical technologist, dental technologist, or other position, a person must have such medical, dental, scientific, or technical qualifications as the Secretary shall prescribe.
(c) Except as provided in section 7407 (a) of this title, a person may not be appointed in the Administration to a position listed in section 7401 (1) of this title unless the person is a citizen of the United States.
(d) A person may not be appointed under section 7401 (1) of this title to serve in the Administration in any direct patient-care capacity unless the Under Secretary for Health determines that the person possesses such basic proficiency in spoken and written English as will permit such degree of communication with patients and other health-care personnel as will enable the person to carry out the persons health-care responsibilities satisfactorily. Any determination by the Under Secretary for Health under this subsection shall be in accordance with regulations which the Secretary shall prescribe.
(e) A person may not serve as Chief of Staff of a Department health-care facility if the person is not serving on a full-time basis.
(f) A person may not be employed in a position under subsection (b) (other than under paragraph (4) of that subsection) if
(1) the person is or has been licensed, registered, or certified (as applicable to such position) in more than one State; and
(2) either
(A) any of those States has terminated such license, registration, or certification for cause; or
(B) the person has voluntarily relinquished such license, registration, or certification in any of those States after being notified in writing by that State of potential termination for cause.
[1] So in original. Another par. (11) follows par. (12).
[2] So in original. Another par. (11) precedes par. (12).