38 USC 3031 - Time limitation for use of eligibility and entitlement

(a) Except as provided in subsections (b) through (g), and subject to subsection (h), of this section, the period during which an individual entitled to educational assistance under this chapter may use such individuals entitlement expires at the end of the 10-year period beginning on the date of such individuals last discharge or release from active duty, except that such 10-year period shall begin
(1) in the case of an individual who becomes entitled to such assistance under clause (A) or (B) of section 3012 (a)(1) of this title, on the later of the date of such individuals last discharge or release from active duty or the date on which the four-year requirement described in clause (A)(ii) or (B)(ii), respectively, of such section 3012 (a)(1) is met;
(2) in the case of an individual who becomes entitled to such assistance under section 3011 (a)(1)(B), on the later of the date of such individuals last discharge or release from active duty or January 1, 1990; and
(3) in the case of an individual who becomes entitled to such assistance under section 3011 (a)(1)(C) or 3012 (a)(1)(C) of this title, on December 27, 2001.

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(b) In the case of any eligible individual who has been prevented, as determined by the Secretary, from pursuing a program of education under this chapter within the 10-year period prescribed by subsection (a) of this section because such individual had not met the nature of discharge requirement of this chapter before the nature of such individuals discharge or release was changed by appropriate authority, such 10-year period shall not run during the period of time that such individual was so prevented from pursuing such program of education.
(c) In the case of an individual eligible for educational assistance under the provisions of this chapter who, after such individuals last discharge or release from active duty, was detained by a foreign government or power, the 10-year period described in subsection (a) of this section shall not run
(1)  while such individual is so detained, or
(2)  during any period immediately following such individuals release from such detention during which such individual is hospitalized at a military, civilian, or Department of Veterans Affairs medical facility.
(d) In the case of an individual eligible for educational assistance under this chapter
(1) who was prevented from pursuing such individuals chosen program of education before the expiration of the 10-year period for use of entitlement under this chapter otherwise applicable under this section because of a physical or mental disability which was not the result of the individuals own willful misconduct, and
(2) who applies for an extension of such 10-year period within one year after
(A)  the last day of such period, or
(B)  the last day on which such individual was so prevented from pursuing such program, whichever is later,

such 10-year period shall not run with respect to such individual during the period of time that such individual was so prevented from pursuing such program and such 10-year period will again begin running on the first day following such individuals recovery from such disability on which it is reasonably feasible, as determined under regulations which the Secretary shall prescribe, for such individual to initiate or resume pursuit of a program of education with educational assistance under this chapter.

(e) 

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(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2) of this subsection, in the case of an individual described in section 3011 (a)(1)(B), 3011 (a)(1)(C), 3012 (a)(1)(B), or 3012 (a)(1)(C) of this title who is entitled to basic educational assistance under this chapter, the 10-year period prescribed in subsection (a) of this section shall be reduced by an amount of time equal to the amount of time that such individual was not serving on active duty during the period beginning on January 1, 1977, and ending on June 30, 1985.
(2) In the case of an individual to which paragraph (1) of this subsection is applicable and who is described in section 3452 (a)(1)(B) of this title, the 10-year period prescribed in subsection (a) of this section shall not be reduced by any period in 1977 before the individual began serving on active duty.
(f) 
(1) If an individual eligible for educational assistance under this chapter is enrolled under this chapter in an educational institution regularly operated on the quarter or semester system and the period of such individuals entitlement under this chapter would, under section 3013, expire during a quarter or semester, such period shall be extended to the end of such quarter or semester.
(2) If an individual eligible for educational assistance under this chapter is enrolled under this chapter in an educational institution not regularly operated on the quarter or semester system and the period of such individuals entitlement under this chapter would, under section 3013, expire after a major portion of the course is completed, such period shall be extended to the end of the course or for 12 weeks, whichever is the lesser period of extension.
(g) In the case of an individual described in section 3011 (f)(3) of this title, the period during which that individual may use the individuals entitlement to educational assistance allowance expires on the last day of the 10-year period beginning on the date of the enactment of the Veterans Millennium Health Care and Benefits Act if that date is later than the date that would otherwise be applicable to that individual under this section.
(h) For purposes of subsection (a) of this section, an individuals last discharge or release from active duty shall not include any discharge or release from a period of active duty of less than 90 days of continuous service unless the individual involved is discharged or released for a service-connected disability, for a medical condition which preexisted such service and which the Secretary determines is not service connected, for hardship, or as a result of a reduction in force as described in section 3011 (a)(1)(A)(ii)(III) of this title.