37 USC 407 - Travel and transportation allowances: dislocation allowance

(a) Eligibility for Primary Dislocation Allowance.— 

(1) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, a member of a uniformed service described in paragraph (2) is entitled to a primary dislocation allowance at the rate determined under subsection (c) for the members pay grade and dependency status.
(2) A member of the uniformed services referred to in paragraph (1) is any of the following:
(A) A member who makes a change of permanent station and the members dependents actually make an authorized move in connection with the change, including a move by the dependents

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(i) to join the member at the members duty station after an unaccompanied tour of duty when the members next tour of duty is an accompanied tour at the same station; and
(ii) to a location designated by the member after an accompanied tour of duty when the members next tour of duty is an unaccompanied tour at the same duty station.
(B) A member whose dependents actually move pursuant to section 405a (a), 406 (e), 406 (h), or 554 of this title.
(C) A member whose dependents actually move from their place of residence under circumstances described in section 406a of this title.
(D) A member who is without dependents and
(i) actually moves to a new permanent station where the member is not assigned to quarters of the United States; or
(ii) actually moves from a place of residence under circumstances described in section 406a of this title.
(E) A member who is ordered to move in connection with the closure or realignment of a military installation and, as a result, the members dependents actually move or, in the case of a member without dependents, the member actually moves.
(F) A member whose dependents actually move from the members place of residence in connection with the performance of orders for the member to report to the members first permanent duty station if the move
(i) is to the permanent duty station or a designated location; and

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(ii) is an authorized move.
(G) Each of two members married to each other who
(i) is without dependents;
(ii) actually moves with the members spouse to a new permanent duty station; and
(iii) is assigned to family quarters of the United States at or in the vicinity of the new duty station.
(3) If a primary dislocation allowance is paid under this subsection to a member described in subparagraph (C) or (D)(ii) of paragraph (2), the member is not entitled to another dislocation allowance as a member described in subparagraph (A) or (E) of such paragraph in connection with the same move.
(4) If a primary dislocation allowance is payable to two members described in paragraph (2)(G) who are married to each other, the amount of the allowance payable to such members shall be the amount otherwise payable under this subsection to the member in the higher pay grade, or to either member if both members are in the same pay grade. The allowance shall be paid jointly to both members.
(b) Secondary Allowance Authorized Under Certain Circumstances.— 

(1) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, whenever a member is entitled to a primary dislocation allowance under subsection (a) as a member described in paragraph (2)(C) or (2)(D)(ii) of such subsection, the member is also entitled to a secondary dislocation allowance at the rate determined under subsection (c) for the members pay grade and dependency status if, subsequent to the member or the members dependents actually moving from their place of residence under circumstances described in section 406a of this title, the member or members dependents complete that move to a new location and then actually move from that new location to another location also under circumstances described in section 406a of this title.
(2) If a secondary dislocation allowance is paid under this subsection, the member is not entitled to a dislocation allowance as a member described in paragraph (2)(A) or (2)(E) of subsection (a) in connection with those moves.
(c) Dislocation Allowance Rates.— 

(1) The amount of the dislocation allowance to be paid under this section to a member shall be based on the members pay grade and dependency status at the time the member becomes entitled to the allowance, except that the Secretary concerned may not differentiate between members with dependents in pay grades E1 through E5.
(2) The initial rate for the dislocation allowance, for each pay grade and dependency status, shall be equal to the rate in effect for that pay grade and dependency status on December 31, 1997, as adjusted by the average percentage increase in the rates of basic pay for calendar year 1998. Effective on the same date that the monthly rates of basic pay for members are increased for a subsequent calendar year, the Secretary of Defense shall adjust the rates for the dislocation allowance for that calendar year by the percentage equal to the average percentage increase in the rates of basic pay for that calendar year.
(d) Fiscal Year Limitation; Exceptions.— 

(1) A member is not entitled to more than one dislocation allowance under this section during a fiscal year unless
(A) the Secretary concerned finds that the exigencies of the service require the member to make more than one change of permanent station during the fiscal year;
(B) the member is ordered to a service school as a change of permanent station;
(C) the members dependents are covered by section 405a (a), 406 (e), 406 (h), or 554 of this title; or
(D) subparagraph (C) or (D)(ii) of subsection (a)(2) or subsection (b) apply with respect to the member or the members dependents.
(2) This subsection does not apply in time of national emergency or in time of war.
(e) First or Last Duty.— 
A member is not entitled to payment of a dislocation allowance under this section when the member is ordered from the members home to the members first duty station (except as provided in subsection (a)(2)(F)) or from the members last duty station to the members home.
(f) Partial Dislocation Allowance.— 

(1) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, a member ordered to occupy or vacate family housing provided by the United States to permit the privatization or renovation of housing or for any other reason (other than pursuant to a permanent change of station) may be paid a partial dislocation allowance of $500.
(2) Effective on the same date that the monthly rates of basic pay for all members are increased under section 1009 of this title or another provision of law, the Secretary of Defense shall adjust the rate of the partial dislocation allowance authorized by this subsection by the percentage equal to the average percentage increase in the rates of basic pay.
(3) Subsections (c) and (d) do not apply to the partial dislocation allowance authorized by this subsection.
(g) Rule of Construction.— 
For purposes of this section, a member whose dependents may not make an authorized move in connection with a change of permanent station is considered a member without dependents.
(h) Advance Payment.— 
A dislocation allowance payable under this section may be paid in advance.