320 F2d 714 Einbinder US v. Novinger Inc

320 F.2d 714

115 U.S.App.D.C. 395

Charles EINBINDER, Deputy Commissioner, U.S. Department of
Labor, Bureau of Employees' Compensation District, Appellant,
NOVINGER, INC., et al., Appellees.

No. 17471.

United States Court of Appeals District of Columbia Circuit.

Argued April 3, 1963.
Decided May 29, 1963.

Mrs. Barbara Deutsch, Attorney, Department of Justice, of the bar of the Supreme Court of Connecticut, pro hac vice, by special leave of court, with whom Mr. Joseph D. Guilfoyle, Acting Asst. Atty. Gen., at the time the brief was filed, Messrs. David C. Acheson, U.S. Atty., and Sherman L. Cohn, Attorney, Department of Justice, were on the brief, for appellant. Mr. Frank Q. Nebeker, Asst. U.S. Atty., also entered an appearance for appellant.

Mr. M. S. Mazzuchi, Washington, D.C., for appellees.

Before BAZELON, Chief Judge, and FAHY and BURGER, Circuit judges.


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In this workmen's compensation case,1 the District Court set aside the Deputy Commissioner's award2 solely on the ground that his findings were unsupported by evidence.3 Since the District Court's review was confined to the record before the Deputy Commissioner, we are as well situated as the District Court to determine whether the award is 'in accordance with law.'4 Accordingly we have examined the record in the light of the principles governing judicial review in workmen's compensation cases5 and conclude that there is sufficient evidence on the record as a whole to support the Deputy Commissioner's determination. The order below setting aside his determination is therefore




BURGER, Circuit Judge, dissents.


Longshoremen's and Harbor Workers' Compensation Act, 33 U.S.C. 901 et seq., applicable in the District of Columbia under D.C.Code 36-501 et seq. (1961)


See 33 U.S.C. 921


The District Court filed neither findings of fact and conclusions of law, nor an opinion. The reasons for setting aside workmen's compensation awards should be included in the record. And where, as here, the court relies on a lack of substantial evidence, it should at least state which findings are unsupported


33 U.S.C. 921(b)

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Voris v. Eikel, 346 U.S. 328, 74 S.Ct. 88, 98 L.Ed. 5 (1953); O'Leary v. Brown-Pacific-Maxon, 340 U.S. 504, 71 S.Ct. 470, 95 L.Ed. 483 (1951); Cardillo v. Liberty Mutual Co., 330 U.S. 469, 67 S.Ct. 801, 91 L.Ed. 1028 (1947); Del Vecchio v. Bowers, 296 U.S. 280, 56 S.Ct. 190, 80 L.Ed. 229 (1935); American Mercury Ins. Co. v. Britton, 114 U.S.App.D.C. 280, 314 F.2d 285 (1963); Hancock v. Einbinder, 114 U.S.App.D.C. 67, 310 F.2d 872 (1962); Vincent v. Einbinder, 113 U.S.App.D.C. 246, 307 F.2d 387 (1962); United Painters & Decorators v. Britton, 112 U.S.App.D.C. 236, 301 F.2d 560 (1962); Phoenix Assurance Co. v. Britton, 110 U.S.App.D.C. 118, 289 F.2d 784 (1961)