26 USC 45G - Railroad track maintenance credit

(a) General rule 
For purposes of section 38, the railroad track maintenance credit determined under this section for the taxable year is an amount equal to 50 percent of the qualified railroad track maintenance expenditures paid or incurred by an eligible taxpayer during the taxable year.
(b) Limitation 

(1) In general 
The credit allowed under subsection (a) for any taxable year shall not exceed the product of
(A) $3,500, multiplied by

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(B) the sum of
(i) the number of miles of railroad track owned or leased by the eligible taxpayer as of the close of the taxable year, and
(ii) the number of miles of railroad track assigned for purposes of this subsection to the eligible taxpayer by a Class II or Class III railroad which owns or leases such railroad track as of the close of the taxable year.
(2) Assignments 
With respect to any assignment of a mile of railroad track under paragraph (1)(B)(ii)
(A) such assignment may be made only once per taxable year of the Class II or Class III railroad and shall be treated as made as of the close of such taxable year,
(B) such mile may not be taken into account under this section by such railroad for such taxable year, and
(C) such assignment shall be taken into account for the taxable year of the assignee which includes the date that such assignment is treated as effective.
(c) Eligible taxpayer 
For purposes of this section, the term eligible taxpayer means
(1) any Class II or Class III railroad, and
(2) any person who transports property using the rail facilities of a Class II or Class III railroad or who furnishes railroad-related property or services to a Class II or Class III railroad, but only with respect to miles of railroad track assigned to such person by such Class II or Class III railroad for purposes of subsection (b).

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(d) Qualified railroad track maintenance expenditures 
For purposes of this section, the term qualified railroad track maintenance expenditures means gross expenditures (whether or not otherwise chargeable to capital account) for maintaining railroad track (including roadbed, bridges, and related track structures) owned or leased as of January 1, 2005, by a Class II or Class III railroad (determined without regard to any consideration for such expenditures given by the Class II or Class III railroad which made the assignment of such track).
(e) Other definitions and special rules 

(1) Class II or Class III railroad 
For purposes of this section, the terms Class II railroad and Class III railroad have the respective meanings given such terms by the Surface Transportation Board.
(2) Controlled groups 
Rules similar to the rules of paragraph (1) of section 41 (f) shall apply for purposes of this section.
(3) Basis adjustment 
For purposes of this subtitle, if a credit is allowed under this section with respect to any railroad track, the basis of such track shall be reduced by the amount of the credit so allowed.
(f) Application of section 
This section shall apply to qualified railroad track maintenance expenditures paid or incurred during taxable years beginning after December 31, 2004, and before January 1, 2008.