25 USC 458aaa2 - Selection of participating Indian tribes

(a) Continuing participation 
Each Indian tribe that is participating in the Tribal Self-Governance Demonstration Project under title III[1] on August 18, 2000, may elect to participate in self-governance under this part under existing authority as reflected in tribal resolution.
(b) Additional participants 

(1) In general 
In addition to those Indian tribes participating in self-governance under subsection (a) of this section, each year an additional 50 Indian tribes that meet the eligibility criteria specified in subsection (c) of this section shall be entitled to participate in self-governance.
(2) Treatment of certain Indian tribes 


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(A) In general 
An Indian tribe that has withdrawn from participation in an inter-tribal consortium or tribal organization, in whole or in part, shall be entitled to participate in self-governance provided the Indian tribe meets the eligibility criteria specified in subsection (c) of this section.
(B) Effect of withdrawal 
If an Indian tribe has withdrawn from participation in an inter-tribal consortium or tribal organization, that Indian tribe shall be entitled to its tribal share of funds supporting those programs, services, functions, and activities (or portions thereof) that the Indian tribe will be carrying out under the compact and funding agreement of the Indian tribe.
(C) Participation in self-governance 
In no event shall the withdrawal of an Indian tribe from an inter-tribal consortium or tribal organization affect the eligibility of the inter-tribal consortium or tribal organization to participate in self-governance.
(c) Applicant pool 

(1) In general 
The qualified applicant pool for self-governance shall consist of each Indian tribe that
(A) successfully completes the planning phase described in subsection (d) of this section;
(B) has requested participation in self-governance by resolution or other official action by the governing body of each Indian tribe to be served; and
(C) has demonstrated, for 3 fiscal years, financial stability and financial management capability.
(2) Criteria for determining financial stability and financial management capacity 
For purposes of this subsection, evidence that, during the 3-year period referred to in paragraph (1)(C), an Indian tribe had no uncorrected significant and material audit exceptions in the required annual audit of the Indian tribes self-determination contracts or self-governance funding agreements with any Federal agency shall be conclusive evidence of the required stability and capability.
(d) Planning phase 
Each Indian tribe seeking participation in self-governance shall complete a planning phase. The planning phase shall be conducted to the satisfaction of the Indian tribe and shall include

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(1) legal and budgetary research; and
(2) internal tribal government planning and organizational preparation relating to the administration of health care programs.
(e) Grants 
Subject to the availability of appropriations, any Indian tribe meeting the requirements of paragraph (1)(B) and (C) of subsection (c) of this section shall be eligible for grants
(1) to plan for participation in self-governance; and
(2) to negotiate the terms of participation by the Indian tribe or tribal organization in self-governance, as set forth in a compact and a funding agreement.
(f) Receipt of grant not required 
Receipt of a grant under subsection (e) of this section shall not be a requirement of participation in self-governance.
[1] See References in Text note below.