242 US 142 Chesapeake Ohio Railway Company v. McLaughlin

242 U.S. 142

37 S.Ct. 40

61 L.Ed. 207


No. 100.

Argued November 14, 1916.

Decided December 4, 1916.

Messrs. F. B. Enslow and Herbert Fitzpatrick for plaintiff in error.

No appearance for defendant in error.

Mr. Justice McReynolds delivered the opinion of the court:

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McLaughlin recovered judgment against the railway company in the circuit court, Pocahontas county, West Virginia, for injuries to a horse which it transported from Lexington, Kentucky, and delivered to him at Seebert, West Virginia, February 17, 1914.


The shipment was under a 'uniform livestock contract' signed by both parties and introduced in evidence by defendant in error, which, among other things, provides:


'That no claim for damages which may accrue to the said shipper under this contract shall be allowed or paid by the said carrier or sued for in any court by the said shipper, unless claim for such loss or damage shall be made in writing, verified by the affidavit of the said shipper or his agent and delivered to the general claim agent of the said carrier at his office in Richmond, Virginia, within five days from the time said stock is removed from said car or cars; and that if any loss or damages occur upon the line of a connecting carrier then such carrier shall not be liable unless a claim shall be made in like manner and delivered in like time to some proper officer or agent of the carrier on whose line the loss or injury occurs.'


It conclusively appears that McLaughlin did not present a verified claim to the carrier's agent as provided by the contract. Upon its face the agreement seems to be unobjectionable, and nothing in the record tends to establish circumstances rendering it invalid, or excuse failure to comply therewith. The court below erred in denying a seasonable request for a directed verdict; and its judgment must be reversed. Our recent opinions render unnecessary any further discussion of the reasons for this conclusion. Northern P. R. Co. v. Wall, 241 U. S. 87, 60 L. ed. 905, 36 Sup. Ct. Rep. 493; Georgia, F. & A. R. Co. v. Blish Mill. Co. 241 U. S. 190, 60 L. ed. 948, 36 Sup. Ct. Rep. 541; Cincinnati, N. O. & T. P. R. Co. v. Rankin, 241 U. S. 319, 60 L. ed. 1022, L.R.A. 1917A, 265, 36 Sup. Ct. Rep. 555.


Reverse and remand for further proceedings not inconsistent with this opinion.