220 F2d 748 Dupree v. United States

220 F.2d 748

55-1 USTC P 9366

C. A. DUPREE, Appellant,


UNITED STATES of America, Appellee.

No. 14659.

United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit.

April 15, 1955.

John D. Cofer and G. Hume Cofer, Austin, Tex., for appellant.

C. F. Herring, U.S. Atty., Bradford F. Miller, Asst. U.S. Atty., San Antonio, Tex., for appellee.

Before HOLMES and TUTTLE, Circuit Judges, and ALLRED, District Judge.


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We have carefully considered the motion for rehearing filed by the United States. In the light of the teaching of Holland v. United States,1 which was not available to the Government when presenting this case or to the trial court when considering the difficult issues involved (218 F.2d 783), "appellate courts should review the cases (of this general type) bearing constantly in mind the difficulties that arise when circumstantial evidence as to guilt is the chief weason of a method that is itself only an approximation." We are also told that 'the complexity of the problem is such that it cannot be met merely by the application of general rules', and that 'charges should be especially clear, including, in addition to the formal instructions, a summary of the nature of the net worth method, the assumptions on which it rests, and the inferences available both for and against the accused.'


We do not believe this case either in the adequacy of proof as to the starting available funds in January, 1946, or in the clarity of the charge, meets the standards implicit in this pronouncement of the Supreme Court.


The motion for rehearing is, therefore,



1 348 U.S. 121, 129, 75 S.Ct. 127.