20 USC 901 - Definitions

For the purposes of this chapter, the term
(1) teaching position means those duties and responsibilities which
(A) are performed on a school-year basis principally in a school operated by the Department of Defense in an overseas area for dependents of members of the Armed Forces and dependents of civilian employees of the Department of Defense, or are performed by an individual who carried out certain teaching activities identified in regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense; and
(B) involve
(i) classroom or other instruction or the supervision or direction of classroom or other instruction; or

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(ii) any activity (other than teaching) which requires academic credits in educational theory and practice equal to the academic credits in educational theory and practice required for a bachelors degree in education from an accredited institution of higher education; or
(iii) any activity in or related to the field of education notwithstanding that academic credits in educational theory and practice are not a formal requirement for the conduct of such activity.
(2) teacher means an individual
(A) who is a citizen of the United States,
(B) who is a civilian, and
(C) who is employed in a teaching position described in paragraph (1).
(3) overseas area means any area situated outside the United States.
(4) United States, when used in a geographical sense, means the several States of the United States of America, the District of Columbia, Hawaii, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Canal Zone, and the possessions of the United States (excluding the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands and Midway Islands).