15 USC 3703 - Definitions

As used in this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires, the term
(1) Secretary means the Secretary of Commerce.
(2) Centers means the Cooperative Research Centers established under section 3705 or 3707 of this title.
(3) Nonprofit institution means an organization owned and operated exclusively for scientific or educational purposes, no part of the net earnings of which inures to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual.
(4) Federal laboratory means any laboratory, any federally funded research and development center, or any center established under section 3705 or 3707 of this title that is owned, leased, or otherwise used by a Federal agency and funded by the Federal Government, whether operated by the Government or by a contractor.

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(5) Supporting agency means either the Department of Commerce or the National Science Foundation, as appropriate.
(6) Federal agency means any executive agency as defined in section 105 of title 5 and the military departments as defined in section 102 of such title, as well as any agency of the legislative branch of the Federal Government.
(7) Invention means any invention or discovery which is or may be patentable or otherwise protected under title 35 or any novel variety of plant which is or may be protectable under the Plant Variety Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 2321 et seq.).
(8) Made when used in conjunction with any invention means the conception or first actual reduction to practice of such invention.
(9) Small business firm means a small business concern as defined in section 632 of this title and implementing regulations of the Administrator of the Small Business Administration.
(10) Training technology means computer software and related materials which are developed by a Federal agency to train employees of such agency, including but not limited to software for computer-based instructional systems and for interactive video disc systems.
(11) Clearinghouse means the Clearinghouse for State and Local Initiatives on Productivity, Technology, and Innovation established by section 3704a of this title.