10 USC 1509 - Preenactment cases

(a) Review of Status.— 

(1) If new information (as defined in paragraph (2)) is found or received that may be related to one or more unaccounted for persons described in subsection (b) (whether or not such information specifically relates (or may specifically relate) to any particular such unaccounted for person), that information shall be provided to the Secretary of Defense. Upon receipt of such information, the Secretary shall ensure that the information is treated under paragraphs (2) and (3) of section 1505 (c) of this title and under section 1505 (d) of this title in the same manner as information received under paragraph (1) of section 1505 (c) of this title. For purposes of the applicability of other provisions of this chapter in such a case, each such unaccounted for person to whom the new information may be related shall be considered to be a missing person.
(2) For purposes of this subsection, new information is information that is credible and that
(A) is found or received after November 18, 1997, by a United States intelligence agency, by a Department of Defense agency, or by a person specified in section 1504 (g) of this title; or

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(B) is identified after November 18, 1997, in records of the United States as information that could be relevant to the case of one or more unaccounted for persons described in subsection (b).
(b) Cases Eligible for Review.— 
The cases eligible for review under this section are the following:
(1) With respect to the Korean conflict, any unaccounted for person who was classified as a prisoner of war or as missing in action during that conflict and who
(A)  was known to be or suspected to be alive at the end of that conflict, or
(B)  was classified as missing in action and whose capture was possible.
(2) With respect to the Cold War, any unaccounted for person who was engaged in intelligence operations (such as aerial ferret reconnaissance missions over and around the Soviet Union and China) during the Cold War.
(3) With respect to the Indochina war era, any unaccounted for person who was classified as a prisoner of war or as missing in action during the Indochina conflict.
(c) Definitions.— 
In this section:
(1) The term Korean conflict means the period beginning on June 27, 1950, and ending on January 31, 1955.
(2) The term Cold War means the period beginning on September 2, 1945, and ending on August 21, 1991.

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(3) The term Indochina war era means the period beginning on July 8, 1959, and ending on May 15, 1975.
(d) Establishment of Personnel Files for Korean Conflict Cases.— 
The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that a personnel file is established for each unaccounted for person who is described in subsection (b)(1) if the Secretary possesses information relevant to that persons status. In the case of a person described in subsection (b)(1) for whom a personnel file does not exist, the Secretary shall create a personnel file for such person upon receipt of new information as provided in subsection (a). Each such file shall be handled in accordance with, and subject to the provisions of, section 1506 of this title in the same manner as applies to the file of a missing person.