Chief deputy sheriff, Johnson County, Illinois, 1891-1892
Private practice, Vienna, Illinois, 1893-1912
City attorney, Vienna, Illinois
State representative, Illinois, 1907-1912
Private practice, Centralia, Illinois, 1912-1914
Special income tax attorney, U.S. Department of the Treasury, 1914-1918
Impeached by the U.S. House of Representatives, April 1, 1926; charges dismissed following his resignation as a federal judge.